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  • 151.
    Axelsson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wallqvist, Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Development of the Swedish Corporate Bond Market: A sustainable market with a potential of high future growth?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The financial crisis in 2008 has led to a number of consequences for the financial sector. For banks, new stricter regulations with the Basel III accord will be implemented from 2013. The adaption to the new conditions has resulted in stricter lending policies, which means that is tougher for companies to get traditional bank loans. Companies have started to look for other funding alternatives and the corporate bond market has gained more attention and a clear trend of growth for this market has been seen during the last couple of years

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to examine the development of the corporate bond market in Sweden and analyze how this will impact the market participants and how they can adapt and utilize from it.

    Method: The research method used, in order to meet the purpose of this thesis, is mainly qualitative. The study it is based on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with different market participants that have great knowledge regarding their specific field of expertise. To back this up and, in more detail, understand more exactly the pace of the growth, the interview have been complemented with statistics of the current market situation.

    Conclusion: The Swedish corporate bond market has experienced a significant growth during the last couple of years and this has affected a lot of actors on the financial markets that have adapted their business to the new prevailing conditions. All market participants agree that this development will continue and they highlight the importance for the development to be qualitative in order to get a sustainable market. 

  • 152.
    Axén Wrigfors, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Eliasson, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Strategic Management: A combination of the internal and external perspective2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic management has long been viewed as the concept and process that link an organization

    and its environment together (Leibold, Probst & Gibbert, 2002). It consists of the

    analysis, decisions and actions an organization undertakes in order to create and sustain

    competitive advantages (Dess, Lumpkin & Taylor, 2005).

    Within the history of strategic management research there has been an unbalance between

    the internal and the external perspective. During the 1980s Michael Porter, one of the most

    prominent strategic management researchers, and his Five Forces model focused strictly on

    the external competitive environment (Mintzberg, Ahlstrand & Lampel, 1998). Further, in

    the 1990s the focus shifted from external to internal along with Jay Barney’s development

    of the resource based theory in 1991 (Barney, 1991). The issue of excluding one or the

    other perspective has now started to be acknowledged and researchers today are striving

    for developing models integrating both perspectives. However, theoretical models existing

    today that combine the two perspectives are complex and hard to apply in practice for

    managers within the business world.

    In order to address the complexity of the strategic management concept we have chosen to

    develop a model with the purpose to connect and relate the external and internal perspectives

    by conducting an in-depth analysis of a chosen company. The model also strives to be

    easily communicated, applicable and understandable for managers and employees on different

    levels within the organization. This leads us to the purpose of this thesis: “to develop

    a simplified model that combines the external and internal perspective of strategic management

    and apply this to a chosen company”.

    The research was conducted through a case study based on the authors’ participation in a

    PBM (Project Based Module) - project. The model was tested on the company in question

    by analyzing the company’s internal and external environment with the means of analysis

    tools such as PEST-analysis, strategic group analysis, threshold analysis and the SWOTanalysis.

    To conclude it is important to balance an organization’s internal efforts with the external

    market conditions and avoid excluding one or the other from the strategic management

    process. Combining the two perspectives results in identifying the current capabilities and

    competences and the direction of how to use these in order to meet market demands and

    gain competitive advantage.

  • 153.
    Azar, Emil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hedvall, Robin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Larsson, Markus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    What is Swedishness?: - a qualitative research from the customer- and organisational perspective2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate what Swedishness is according to Swedish customers and how a company could communicate and benefit from the country-of-origin cue in its marketing strategy to attract customers. 

    Background: Marketing must be understood in the new sense of satisfying the customer needs. Hence, Swedish organisations, when emphasising the country-of-origin attribute in their branding approach, need to recognise what aspects are associated with Swedishness from the customer perspective.

    Several features could be associated with Swedishness and communicated through the usage of a brand. It could be where the item has been produced, how the product is presented or where it has been designed. Other characteristics might be that consumers want the owner of the company to be Swedish, that the organisation should have Swedish values or that the product must have a Swedish name.

    Method: To fulfil the purpose, a qualitative data collection was chosen. Semi-structured interviews based on a pilot test were conducted with Swedish customers in Jönköping and asynchronous e-mail interviews were conducted with two Swedish companies.

    Conclusion: The findings indicate that there are several features customers associate with Swedishness. The origin and history of a company, the quality and design of a product and Swedishness as a personal trait or behaviour. This research found that companies, depending on industry, can take advantage of the features associated with the country-of-origin cue.

  • 154.
    Azelius, Carl
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Johansson, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Human Capital disclosure on LinkedIn: A study on ownership structure and human capital disclosure in Sweden and Norway2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Human capital disclosure is a widely examined topic by scholars, previous studies has mainly focused on annual reports and companies webpages. However, during the last decade, social media has grown in importance and it represent a new way for companies to interact with stakeholders. The increased interactivity provided by social network sites have made it one of the most important communication tools for companies to interact with stakeholders. One of the larger social media, LinkedIn has received little attention by researchers, only one previous study has investigate human capital disclosure on LinkedIn. Previous research has examined different corporate disclosure in connection to ownership structure.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between ownership structure and human capital disclosure made by companies in Sweden and Norway via LinkedIn.

    Method: This study is conducted with a quantitative methodology, investigating a sample of 150 companies from Sweden and Norway. Human capital disclosure on LinkedIn are analysed through a content analysis and a regression analysis to test the hypothesis in this study.

    Conclusion: The results confirm the hypothesis that a negative relationship exists between ownership concentration and the level of human capital disclosure via LinkedIn. This is in line with previous research; however, this study shows that companies in a more digitalized environment disclose more HC information. 

  • 155.
    Azrioual, Soumaya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Brundel, Casper
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Acceptance of Mobile Banking by Organizations: An exploratory study on mobile banking and factors influencing its acceptance by organizations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 156.
    Babil, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Cash Management: Improving The Liquidity for Jonsons Byggnads AB With Cash Management2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Cash management means the management of liquidity in order to meet their day-to-day commitment. The result of poor focus on cash management often means that the financial assets are bound. The management of liquidity is not something new but cash management is a modern way of doing that. Cash management is a very broad subject which involves many factors, this paper will focus on examine how the liquidity is managed in Jonsons Byggnads AB, in order to improve the liquidity through cash management thinking. Jonsons Byggnads AB is a local construction firm located in Jönköping. This paper will examine the firm’s liquidity with focus on payment/payout routines, liquidity management, short-term financing and the connection between accounts receivables and payables.

     

    Purpose: The purpose is to examine Jonsons bygg’s liquidity today in order to later recognize which factors within cash management that can strengthen the liquidity position for Jonsons Byggnads AB.

    Method: This is a qualitative study based examining the liquidity management for Jonsons Byggnads AB. The collection of the data and information was gathered by interviews, observations and balance sheet/income statement (Jonsons Byggnads AB). The interviews were done with Fadi Babil (The owner of Jonsons Byggnads AB) and two other staff members, which have chosen to be anonymous. Fadil Sadiku (Financial advisor at Swedbank) have also been interviewed in order to gather information about various products Swedbank offers to improve the liquidity for Jonsons Byggnads AB.

    Conclusion: The result of this study showed us that Jonsons Byggnads AB have good liquidity position even though the company does not have anyone employed to manage the liquidity. Even though Jonsons bygg’s liquidity position is healthy, there are some areas that can be improved. Improvements in the payment/payout routines can be done by computerizing the sales ledger system completely and therefore be more efficient and profitable. Connecting the invoices to an account with higher interest is also an approach to be more profitable. Since the accounts being used today have almost no interest. 

  • 157.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Essays on the market valuation implications of mandatory corporate reporting2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to enrich understanding on the market valuation implications of mandatory financial and non-financial reporting beyond and in relation to traditional accounting information. It is comprised of four individual essays each of which examines a different, and to some extent internationally unique, jurisdiction that can best serve the particular purpose of the essay as well as the overarching purpose of the dissertation.

    The starting point of this empirical inquiry is the value relevance of purchased goodwill under IFRS and the moderating role that different levels of compliance with IFRS mandatory disclosures play on its market valuation. Similar to the first essay, the second essay focuses on traditional accounting information (specifically book value of equity and earnings) and examines potential differences on its market valuation before and after the mandatory introduction of an integrated reporting approach. The third essay focuses on mandatory carbon emissions reporting and compares its valuation relevance when such reporting is mandated by regulation vis-à-vis when it is voluntary. Finally, the fourth essay examines the market valuation interplay between mandatory financial and non-financial disclosures.

    This dissertation intends to be of particular relevance first; to the accounting academic community which acknowledges that mandatory disclosures are not well understood and it calls for further research on how users of annual reports view mandatory disclosures and second; to accounting regulators. Empirical research on the value relevance of corporate reporting can provide useful insights into questions of interest to regulators because its research questions are often motivated by broader questions raised by these non-academic constituents. The dissertation in hand has similar motivations.

  • 158.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). University of Essex, Essex Business School, Colchester, United Kingdom.
    Akhter, Naveed
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). ESSCA School of Management, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.
    Financial performance of family versus non-family firms in the context of an economy in turmoil: A market from 'developed' to 'emerging'2017In: Contextualizing Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies and Developing Countries / [ed] Marcela Ramírez Pasillas, Ethel Brundin and Magdalena Markowska, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 288-303Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 159.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Den positiva redovisningsteorin2016In: Redovisningsteorier: Viktiga begrepp och teoretiska perspektiv inom redovisning / [ed] Gunnar Rimmel, Kristina Jonäll, Stockholm: Sanoma Utbildning , 2016, p. 63-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Positiv redovisningsteori2014Report (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Value relevance of accounting information under an integrated reporting approach: A research note2016In: Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, ISSN 0278-4254, E-ISSN 1873-2070, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 437-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research note aims to enrich our understanding regarding the market valuation implications of financial reporting under an Integrated Reporting (IR) approach. In order to do so, we focus on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) and we examine whether the value relevance of summary accounting information (i.e., book value of equity and earnings) of firms listed on the JSE has enhanced after the mandatory adoption of an IR approach under the King III Report. Our study can be seen as a response to the recent calls for a closer investigation of the usefulness of the new reporting trend for investors. More specifically, our study can be seen as a response to the stance taken by the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) Framework that the adoption of an IR approach improves the usefulness of financial reporting for investors. For our empirical tests we utilize a sample of 954. firm-year observations and employ a linear price-level model which associates a firm's market value of equity with its book value of equity and earnings. In line with the IIRC Framework's expectations, we find strong evidence of a sharp increase of the earnings' valuation coefficient. However, contrary to the Framework's stance, our results indicate a decline in the value relevance of net assets. Such a decline may be imputed to risks and/or unbooked liabilities that are revealed or measured more reliably after the introduction of an IR approach on the JSE. It should be noted, however, that despite its cause, the decline in the value relevance of net assets can be seen as a further argument in favor of the IIRC stance to assign equal importance to a wide range of "capitals," such as human, social and natural capital. We believe that our findings are of particular interest to a wide range of regulators, standards setters, practitioners, and academics but first and foremost to the JSE and IIRC.

  • 162.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Jonäll, Kristina
    Integrating Financial and Non-Financial Information: The Impact of South Africa's King III Report on The Value Relevance of Accounting Numbers2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Backlund, Oscar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Stark, Emelie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ekelin, Simon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Value Creation in Cross-Sector Collaborations: A comparative case study of Swedish collaborations2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Achieving an environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable development is today a key aspect in many businesses. Accordingly, cross-sector collaborations between businesses and NPOs have on an increasing scale been considered a powerful and unavoidable tool for creating environmental, social, and economical value simultaneously.

     

    Problem

    Relatively little is known about how the underlying dynamics of cross-sector collaborations relate to enhanced value creation. Furthermore, the terminology in previous documentation of cross-sector collaborations has been spread out and inconsistent.

     

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how business-NPO collaborations increase the potential for enhanced value creation.

     

    Method

    The study has been conducted through a comparative case study of three Swedish cross-sector collaborations. Qualitative data has mainly been obtained through interviews.

     

    Conclusions

    The analysis showed that the potential for enhanced value creation increases as collaboration moves from sole-creation of value toward co-creation of value. The study found that achieving co-creation of value is facilitated by (1) an issue-salient approach to stakeholder engagement, (2) achieving mutual dependency, and (3) having sustainability itself as a central aspect of a business’ purpose, strategy, and operations.

  • 164.
    Backteman, Richard
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Habbari, Samia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Inter-firm collaboration for innovations: Evidence from the Swedish telecommunications sector2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovative companies in technologically advanced environments have to deal with the consequences of choosing between a resource based strategy and possibly missing out on the benefits of cooperative knowledge, or collaborating with their network of suppliers, customers and even competitors and risk diluting their competitive advantage.

    This thesis is concerned with the cooperative aspect within intricate networks of technologically innovative firms. To gain a better understanding of this phenomena, the most innovative sector in Sweden has been chosen for a case study.

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore the dynamics of innovation within the telecom sector in Sweden, and determine the level of cooperation within the telecom sector, in terms of the flows of information and embeddedness.

    The method chosen to fulfil this purpose was via a qualitative approach, and in the form of a case study. Relevant data was collected through five interviews with key personnel within the two companies of interest (Ericsson & TeliaSonera), and triangulated with secondary quantitative and qualitative data.

    Results indicate that the Swedish telecom sector benefits from a fertile environment that fosters innovative activity, and to that reason it has claimed leadership in the worldwide telecommunications industry. Additionally, this same environment promotes collaboration between the different actors in the sector. A closer examination of the cooperation between TeliaSonera and Ericsson in the 4G network roll-out, indicates that the cooperation, albeit being successful, could be ameliorated further through an increased embeddedness of the partnership.

  • 165.
    Bai, Xuze
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Koirala, Kapil
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Influence of Culture in the International Business Decision-making Process2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational culture and organisational political behaviours are the unavoidable part of a company which has a direct impact on its decision making. The purpose of this paper aims to understand the influence of culture and organisational political behaviour in making a decision on going internationalisation of the Chinese company. Through reviewing the cultural literature, the researcher found the interrelation between culture and political behaviour in an organization. The authors then focus on three factors of political behaviour – investment, alternatives and trust – to study their influence in the decision-making process. We used qualitative research approach under which we made in-depth interview to collect the empirical data. These empirical data were analysed using content analysis method. Our findings show that both organisational culture and organisational political behaviour have a direct influence on the decision making of the company. Specifically, political factors like investment, alternatives and trust influence in the decision making of a company. The firm should consider those factors seriously to have a positive influence in its decision-making process.

  • 166.
    Bakker, Rene
    et al.
    Queensland University of Technology.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
    Shepard, D.
    Indiana University.
    When to “pull the plug” and when to “take the plunge”: the timing of strategic decisions towards new ventures2014In: Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research Exchange Conference 2014, 4-7 February 2014, Sydney, Australia: Conference Proceedings / [ed] Per Davidsson, Brisbane: Queensland University of Technology , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms face opposing incentives regarding when to take strategic decisions towards their exploration ventures. On the one hand, postponing can reduce uncertainty, but on the other, moving quickly allows capitalizing on a potential competitive advantage. Drawing on theories of entrepreneurship and real options reasoning, we suggest that firms resolve the competing tensions for acceleration and deceleration through an assessment of their venture portfolio and environment. An empirical study of the timing of termination and exploitation decisions taken with regard to 3,272 exploration ventures in Australia’s mining industry over the years 2002-2011 provides an insight into the drivers of decision timing. We find that venture portfolio composition is an important driver of timing— but only with regard to exploitation decisions. Higher levels of market uncertainty increase the time to venture termination but not exploitation, and a positive market trajectory increases the time to venture termination, yet decreases the time to exploitation. Finally, we find support for interaction effects between the portfolio and market. The overall pattern of findings sheds new light on the tension between deceleration and acceleration in entrepreneurial strategic decision making and highlights the importance of distinguishing between the timing of different types of decisions.

  • 167.
    Bakker, Rene
    et al.
    Queensland University of Technology.
    Shepard, Dean A.
    Indiana University.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
    When to pull the plug and when to take the plunge: timing strategic decisions about new ventures2014In: The Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings 2014 / [ed] Humphreys, J., Brisbane: Queensland University of Technology , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms face opposing incentives regarding when to make strategic decisions about their exploration ventures. On the one hand, postponing a decision can reduce uncertainty, while on the other hand, moving quickly allows one to capitalize on favorable market conditions. Drawing on theories of entrepreneurship, real options reasoning, and decision speed, we suggest that firms resolve competing tensions between acceleration and deceleration through an assessment of their venture portfolio and environment. An empirical study of the timing of termination and exploitation decisions regarding 3,272 exploration ventures in Australia’s mining industry over the years 2002–2011 provides insights into the drivers of decision timing. We find that venture portfolio composition is an important driver of timing but only with regard to exploitation decisions. Higher levels of market uncertainty increase the time to venture termination but not exploitation, and a positive market trajectory increases the time to venture termination yet decreases the time to venture exploitation. We also find support for an interaction effect between the portfolio and market characteristics. This pattern of findings sheds light on the tension between acceleration and deceleration in strategic decision making and highlights the importance of distinguishing between the timing of different types of decisions.

  • 168.
    Bakmanis, Martins
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Stevenazzi, Marco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Supporters evaluation of brand extensions: The case of ice hockey team HV712015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 169.
    Balabanov, Hristo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    George, Annie Mary
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Institutional adaptation of Western companies operating in China: A case study on Husqvarna Group2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: In our globalized world companies that want to internationalize and go to a new market should consider different factors, if they want to be successful. Institutional adaptation is a vital part of success or failure of the globalization process. The market entry process of western Multinational Companies (MNCs) into China, shows different adapting processes, compared to when entering western country markets. Establishing an MNC in China is more time consuming, as a lot of social and non-business actors, and activities will be involved in the process.

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to explore the process of adaptation of western MNCs to eastern institutional environment, with a focus on China. How does western MNCs operating in China adapt to the eastern institutional environment of China?  

    Method - This is a qualitative single case study with three interviews as primary sources of data.

    Findings – Government mandates are key factors to any organization whether local or otherwise. Merging with a local company helps to adapt better to the new environment. General cultural norms have a higher impact into the adaptation process.

    Conclusion - The research conducted shows how having knowledge of the different aspects of the environment and knowing how to adapt to these differences is crucial for the success of a firm. Husqvarna Group adapts to the host environment by means of their code of conduct, adaptation of a foreign organizational structure and accepting stricter mandates put forth by the government along with stricter channels of communication.

  • 170.
    Balachandran, Chanchal
    et al.
    Utrecht University School of Economics,Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Wennberg, Karl
    Institute for Analytical Sociology (IAS), Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Uman, Timur
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Department of Business Administration, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    National culture diversity in new venture boards: The role of founders' relational demography2019In: Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, ISSN 1932-4391, E-ISSN 1932-443XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research Summary

    This study explains the conditions under which new venture boards are less or more culturally diverse in terms of their directors' country of birth. Longitudinal data on 5,515 Swedish ventures suggest that most directors are recruited from founders' proximate social settings?neighborhoods in which they reside and past workplaces?and that diversity levels in these social settings strongly predict the national culture diversity in venture boards. Given the rapid internationalization of workplaces and regions around the world, this paper provides important clues regarding how culturally diverse upper echelons are being incorporated into the organizational design of new ventures.

    Managerial Summary

    Most New Venture Boards exhibit limited diversity in terms of their directors' country of birth, as they are drawn from the venture founders' network. Yet, some new venture boards are indeed born diverse. Our study reveals that founders with prior exposure to culturally diverse workplaces and residential neighborhoods are much more likely to design a culturally diverse board at founding. Given the rapid internationalization of workplaces and regions in most countries around the world, our paper provides important clues regarding how national culture diversity in top management emerges and is being incorporated into the organizational design of new ventures.

  • 171.
    Balkow, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    In the middle: on sourcing from China and the role of the intermediary2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past three decades China’s rapid transition from a closed economy to become the factory of the world has astonished economists all over the world. Surveys among sourcing practitioners show that China is the most interesting market for sourcing and research points to lower costs as the main reason.

    This dissertation is an exploratory study of the role of the intermediary for Swedish small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) that source from China. Three questions are discussed. The first question concerns why Swedish SMEs choose to source from China. Although costs are a major factor for the companies, it is usually other triggers that cause the change in strategy, such as management interest or pressure from a large customer. The second research question concerns how Swedish SMEs choose to source from China and how the role of the intermediary is related to this process. The study shows that finding a good supplier is not difficult. The companies use informal channels, references and sometimes unorthodox methods such as following the supplier of the raw material to find suppliers that deliver high quality goods. The problem is however to maintain a steady quality and on time delivery which is why intermediaries are introduced late in the relationship. The cases in this study show example of five different intermediated strategies; Direct, Service,Traditional, RepO and FICE/WFOE. The traditional intermediated strategy is the only strategy where there is little or no relation between buyer and supplier, whereas the other four strategies involve different degrees of interaction between all three actors in the dyad; the buyer, the supplier and the intermediary.

    The third research question concerned the role of the intermediary. The study shows that the respondents are influenced by their structural view on what role the different forms of intermediaries may take. Although the respondents discuss the importance of having a long-term view on the relationship with the supplier they continuously allow intermediaries to enter the relationship on a short-term basis for quality control. These quality control centers (QC) commonly work on a fixed commission based on services that has to be specified. When the buyers are trying to change their strategy to look for an intermediary with higher involvement they usually turn to internal intermediaries (i.e. subsidiaries). When deciding on a long term intermediary the buyer usually looks for competences that supplement their own knowledge – that is Chinese language, good knowledge of the Chinese market but also technological competence. What the western owned intermediaries in China stresses however is the need to find intermediaries to supplement the suppliers’ competences, so that they are able to translate the needs of the buyer’s customer and becomes a physical reminder that they are sent from the buyer. The case of QC, shows that if a company let the relationship with the intermediary develop through interaction they can become just as involved.

    The study is based on interviews with key informants at Swedish SMEs andat different types of intermediaries in China. The empirical data are presented infive themes developed through an iterative process of theoretical studies anddata collection. The first two themes are directly related to the first tworesearch questions. The third theme focuses on the sourcing process andactivities of four small Swedish design companies. The fourth theme displayshow the intermediaries in China discuss their role. Finally, the fifth theme pictures the supply chain of one focal company at five points in time when they are in the process of changing their supply chain to increase transparency.

  • 172.
    BALLAND, Julien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    SOBHI, Neda Angela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Humanitarian Relief Organizations and Its Relationship with Logistics Service Providers: A case study of UNICEF during the Mozambique flood disaster 20132013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nowadays, humanitarian relief organizations are more and more present in people’s lives due to the number of recorded natural disasters increasing over the last 30 years. Although there are several actors involved in humanitarian aid, the need to integrate logistics service providers into humanitarian relief operations has been recognized. Howev- er, the literature lacks particular attention concerning the coordination roles and objectives between humanitarian relief organizations and LSPs during disaster relief operations.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between UNICEF and its LSP(s) during disaster relief operations. More specifically, this study aims to understand the elements that drive, facilitate, constrain and affect the relationship UNICEF has with its LSPs.

    Method: A qualitative, exploratory research approach was used, using a real-context case study as the research design. The empirical data was collected through in-depth semi- structured interviews with four respondents representing both UNICEF and its LSPs.

    Conclusion: The researchers present a revised version of the conceptual framework used to conduct this research. One additional component was added to the list of compo- nents affecting the effectiveness of a relationship. In addition, some other influencers were discussed. This conceptual framework can be used to formulate an effective relationship between two humanitarian actors within disaster relief operations. Finally, forming a rela- tionship between UNICEF and its LSPs is nothing new. Recommendations for future re- search include investigating implementation efforts once a relationship is built, in order to improve disaster relief operations and save more lives. 

  • 173.
    Bankova, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Burkle, Abigail
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Vu, Hai Ly
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Airline Service Failures: A study on relationships between lack of control, emotions, and negative word-of-mouth2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Service failure within the airline industry has been a prominent topic within the media. Each story of a failure features a disgruntled passenger. Emotions are already high during the consumption of any airline service, and a service failure will bring on а slew of unwanted emotions. The purpose of this paper is then to understand what type of relationship do these negative emotions and feelings of lack of control have after a service failure, and do any of those given emotions lead to negative word-of-mouth (NWOM).

    The method used to accomplish this is correlation hypothesis testing of survey results in relation to the specified negative emotions and the causal attribution theory of control, as well as analysis between the same emotions and NWOM, again using correlation tests. This aim will be achieved by breaking service failure down into five negative incidents that are referred to as service failure scenarios, namely: luggage handling, delayed/cancelled flight, missed flight due to factors beyond customers’ control, negative customer service at the airport, and negative service experience during the flight. The five scenarios are studied against six specified emotions which are anger, frustration, helplessness, nervousness, worry, and panic. The relationship between these emotions and lack of control is tested, then these same emotions are tested in regards to NWOM.

    The findings express a weak to moderate positive relationship between at least one of the emotions and lack of control in three of the scenarios, leading to the conclusion that customers’ lack of control over the situation increases the intensity of the emotions. In the findings for emotions and NWOM, four out of the six tested negative emotions lead to NWOM, which are anger, frustration, helplessness, and worry. This discovery proves that different emotions in different scenarios make people react in a different manner, and this leads to the conclusion that emotions should be tested separately and scenarios should be created to research the real intensity of the emotions in different situations, without grouping them into one.

  • 174.
    Bargman, Daniil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hansmann, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    IFRS Implementation in Germany and the UK: And its Effects on the Quality of Accounting Information from an Investor Perspective2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates whether IFRS adoption has led to an increase in the relevance of accounting information for investment decisions. Furthermore, the effects of IFRS are implicitly compared across accounting traditions. As such,  the effects of IFRS on the “quality” of financial reporting are measured based on the cases of listed firms in Germany and listed firms in the UK.

    This study approaches the effects of IFRS on the quality of financial reporting from two angles. First a review of the academic literature is done to determine whether there has been a general consensus about the effects of IFRS adoption on financial reporting of listed firms in Germany and the UK. As a result of this literature study, a number of propositions are deduced about the effects of IFRS.

    Subsequently, the investigation of the effects of IFRS takes a statistical perspective. Financial and accounting data are obtained for two samples, one of German listed firms and another of UK listed firms. A number of empirical models are used to determine the quality of financial reporting, including the earnings-returns association (Lev ,1989; Lev & Zarowin, 1999), asymmetric sensitivity of earnings and asymmetric persistence of earnings (Basu, 1997), and the market-to-book ratios (Roychowdhury & Watts, 2003). Additionally, a new tool is introduced for a joint interpretation of the econometric test results, leading potentially to a new method of financial report analysis under dynamic regulatory conditions.

    Significant statistical evidence is found suggesting a drastic reduction (to the point of complete elimination) in income smoothing in Germany corresponding to the transition from the German national GAAP to IFRS. Additionally, with the introduction of IFRS, the information content of accounting earnings in German firms appears to have increased substantially, while market-to-book ratios have converged towards “1”. On the other hand, the introduction of IFRS in the UK corresponds to statistical evidence consistent with a shift from asymmetric timeliness of earnings under UK GAAP to a significant downward bias in earnings under IFRS.

    The study also shows significant inter-industry differences in the effects of IFRS that suggest that the inconsistencies in the results of previous studies may have been due to the significant noise created by diverse samples, or due to biased industry representations in the data.

  • 175. Barry, D.
    et al.
    Resmini, Andrea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Caccamo, Marta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Past digital, post-digital2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Barry, Daved
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Design sweets, C-Suites, and the Candy Man factor2017In: Journal of Marketing Management, ISSN 0267-257X, E-ISSN 1472-1376, Vol. 33, no 3-4, p. 305-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Designerly design, e.g. design as taught in professional design schools, is becoming a mainstay within the world’s executive suites, where it is being used to form organisational structures, strategy, change, policy and more. The speed and extent of its uptake have come as quite a surprise to the traditional, analytically driven design disciplines within business studies; as is sometimes said of earthquakes, no one saw it coming. A watershed moment was when the American Broadcasting Corporation aired its ‘Deep Dive’ documentary on IDEO in 1999. The programme’s implication that design was ideal for innovation, that it could be applied to anything and the sometimes evangelical tide of design thinking literature that followed created a tectonic pull within business practice and education. I argue that this was due in part to a ‘Candy Man’ effect, where executives longing for easy, sure-fired innovation saw ABC’s sunny depiction of design, read the popular press articles and books on design thinking and swarmed in – often with unrealistic expectations and subsequent disappointment. I further suggest that we treat design thinking’s mixed reception as a call to reconsider where and how it might be applied to strategic level concerns, perhaps thinking of it as we might high end desserts and less like fields of candy canes for mass consumption.

  • 177.
    Barry, Daved
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Caccamo, Marta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Markowska, Magdalena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Alterities and Innovation: Conjectures from Haute Cuisine2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Bartoschek, Michelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kersten, Clara Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    On the Yellow Brick Road of CSR: International Corporate Volunteering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 179.
    Batamuriza, Florance
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Berg, Tobias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hatami, Tony
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Strategic understanding: A qualitative study on similarities and differences in perceptions of strategy2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society, strategy becomes more important because of the ever fast changing environment. Companies all around the world set strategies, in order to grow and earn a profit, and wish for them to be implemented the way they were intended to be. Therefore, we believe it is important to investigate individuals’ perceptions of firm strategy.

    The purpose of this thesis is therefore to investigate individuals’ perception and understanding of firm strategy, and to see how these perceptions show similarities and differences. Our aim is also to see how cognitive mapping in relation to a strategic model can be helpful both for practitioners and researchers.

    Collection of primary data was done by interviewing five employees on different hierarchical levels in Company X that is active in multiple different business areas both in Sweden and abroad. The interviews were later analysed with the help of theories such as cognitive structures and maps, and Whittington’s (2001) generic perspective of strategy. This model recognizes four approaches to strategizing, namely Classical, Evolutionary, Systemic and Processual. The two former ones have a Profit-maximizing outcome, while the latter two are Pluralistic in outcome.

    During the analysis we found some similarities and differences. It was found that not all employees, individually or together, could be categorised under one specific approach. It is hypothesized that this could be because of the fact that they are at different levels and positions in the company, but they had similar perception on long-term planning as a firm strategy.

    The interviewees in Company X have shown different perceptions when relating to strategy. We come to the conclusion that it is important for managers and strategic decision makers that they understand and take the differences and similarities under consideration when delegating and injecting new strategies into a company. We think this could then help them to enhance an understanding of their own strategic organisation.

    Although case studies tend to be subjective, this is pointed out as the main limitation of the methodology. The researchers’ interpretation of the interviews lay as the foundation of the analysis and conclusion, and in order to make the study as objective as possible, clear and relevant selection of theories and literature was used to support the claims made in the thesis.

  • 180.
    Bauweraerts, Jonathan
    et al.
    Université de Mons, Mons, Belgium.
    Sciascia, Salvatore
    Università Carlo Cattaneo, Castellanza, Italy.
    Mazzola, Pietro
    Università IULM, Milan, Italy.
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Family CEO and board service: Turning the tide for export scope in family SMEs2019In: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adopting the socioemotional wealth perspective, we argue that the presence of a family CEO in family SMEs negatively affects export scope, but that such negative effect is mitigated by board service. We develop and test a model that considers the synergistic combination of family management and another important aspect of family governance in the context of family firm internationalization: the service behavior of the board of directors. The empirical evidence from a sample of 248 Belgian family SMEs shows that governance is crucial to overcoming the problems of family management: family CEOs may negatively influence export scope, but board service is able to turn the tide so that the family CEO effect becomes positive. With such novel findings, we contribute to international business and family business studies.

  • 181.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Voluntary Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards and the Role of Family Ownership2014In: Co-operation Within and Amongst Family Businesses: Conference Proceedings: IFERA 2014 Annual Conference June 24-27, 2014, Lappeenranta, Finland, The International Family Enterprise Research Academy (IFERA) , 2014, p. 79-79Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Block, Joern H.
    Univ Trier, Dept Management, Trier, Germany.
    Cruz, Allan Discua
    Univ Lancaster, Sch Management, Dept Entrepreneurship Strategy & Innovat, Lancaster, England.
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Locality and internationalization of family firms2017In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 29, no 5-6, p. 570-574Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hoskisson, Robert E.
    Rice University, USA.
    Pathak, Seemantini Madhukar
    University of Missouri, USA.
    Acquisition and Divestitures in Family and Non-Family Firms2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Combining the core-periphery model with family firm literature, we find that family firms exhibit unique acquisition and divestiture behaviors. Analyzing a sample of Swedish privately held limited companies we find that family firms acquire and divest distant, unrelated and larger but fewer businesses. In addition to economic objectives, family firms pursuing non-economic objectives prefer to buy and sell unrelated businesses at longer geographic distances to lower impact on their core business from their restructuring activities.

  • 184.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hoskisson, Robert E.
    Rice University, USA.
    Pathak, Seemantini Madhukar
    University of Missouri, USA.
    Portfolio Restructuring in Family and Non-Family-Controlled Firms2016In: Academy of Management Proceedings, January 2016 (Meeting Abstract Supplement) 12016 / [ed] John Humphreys, Academy of Management , 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are family firms’ corporate restructuring behaviors distinct from those of non-family firms? Although the corporate restructuring literature has drawn on economic motives for restructuring, recent developments in the family business literature suggest that both economic and noneconomic motives may result in distinct restructuring behaviors between family and non-family firms. We use Swedish Census data and draw on a sample of privately held family and non-family Swedish firms for the period between 2004 and 2007. Applying the core- periphery model to the family-firm corporate-restructuring context, we posit that family firms undertake restructuring at the periphery of their business to lower the impact on their core business. Our results support our arguments and show that compared with non-family firms, family firms acquire and divest more geographically distant, unrelated and larger but fewer businesses.

  • 185.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Zahra, Shaker
    Carlson School of Management.
    Self-Employment Or Employment After Exit: The Effect Of An Entrepreneur’s Age And Gender2013In: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2013 : Proceedings of the Thirty-third Annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference / [ed] Andrew Zacharakis, Boston: Babson College , 2013, Vol. 33, article id 1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on career literature, we predict that an entrepreneur’s age at the time of re-entry has a unique and complex non-linear effect on the choice to become self-employed versus employed after an exit. Based on a database covering the whole Swedish population, we studied 79,356 entrepreneurs who experienced exit in a five year window (2000-2004) and we examined their career choice as self-employed versus employed. Our results show an inverted S-shaped curve which follows the career lifecycle stages (early, middle, and late). Also, we demonstrate that gender (man vs. woman) moderate the entrepreneur’s age/re-entry relationship.

  • 186.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Eddleston, Kimberly A.
    D'Amore-McKim School of Business, Northeastern University, USA.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Becoming manager in a family firm: A gendered path2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women in business have been often described as invisible (Allen & Langowitz, 2003) resulting in calls for research to investigate women’s contributions to family firms (FF) (Martinez Jimenez, 2009). Female employees can legitimately accuse the existence of “glass ceiling” that prevent their advancement in the managerial ranks (Powell, 1999). Compared with male employees in equivalent positions, female employees may find that their perspectives are overlooked and their contributions devalued (Ridgeway et al., 2009).

    Our interest is in better understanding this discrimination and possible ways to change it. How do education, job tenure, job category and industry knowledge impact on the probability of being promoted to managerial positions in FF and non FF? How does gender moderate this probability?

    To answer these questions we employee a mixed method approach. In the quantitative part, we adopt a longitudinal dataset produced by Statistics Sweden with annual observations on all Swedish privately held firms, Swedish inhabitants, and family ties. This allow us to reconstruct the career path of all the employees that received a promotion to a managerial position in a Swedish company in the last 10 years. Our unique dataset allows us to match their salaries and career development recognizing the existence of gender discrimination. These results will be illustrated through a qualitative part, with interesting cases offering an in-depth understanding of the phenomenon.

    Our results confirm the existence of gender discrimination, for example in the salary paid by Swedish companies. Understanding the impact of educational choices, job categories and family choices on career paths for men and women, offers fundamental insights for managers, HR specialists, and policy makers. Moreover, it provides a unique opportunity for this interactive workshop to discuss the family business values, and how to develop a stronger family business responsibility against gender discriminations.

  • 187.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Eddleston, Kimberly
    Northeastern University.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Lucia, Naldi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Parental Altruism. Special Treatment for Offspring in Business?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hellerstedt, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Wennberg, Karl
    Succession in Family Firms2013In: The Landscape of Family Business / [ed] Ritch L. Sorenson, Andy Yu, Keith H. Brigham and G. T. Lumpkin, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 167-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of succession in family firms is often both lengthy and complex, and is influenced by factors such as the personal goals of the owner-manager, family structure, ability and ambitions of potential successors, and legal and financial issues (Le BretonMiller, Miller, & Steier, 2004). Scholars of family business tend to emphasize what determines successful ownership and management succession involving family members and non-family stakeholders, alongside the general characteristics of effective succession (Handler, 1994; Le Breton-Miller et al., 2004; Sharma, Chrisman, & Chua, 2003a). A majority of privately held firms in many developed countries are likely to shift ownership as the owners approach retirement. Thus, from a public policy perspective, there is a need to study the conditions surrounding successful succession of family firms and the implications of these successions in the socio-economic context. This chapter presents a comprehensive review of the scholarly literature on ownership transition and management succession in family firms. We found that most of the literature on succession is conceptual or relies on a small number of cases and/or surveys based on convenience samples. For instance, 71 percent of the work published since the mid-1970s consists of descriptive investigations based on aggregated data or micro studies of firm succession based on small samples or a small number of illustrative cases. We see a need for more studies about the effects of succession on long-term development in privately held firms and how succession affects economic outcomes at different levels of analysis (Yu, Lumpkin, Sorenson, & Brigham, 2012).* We conducted a literature review based upon a cluster analysis that identifies four levels of analysis that dominate the current literature on succession. These levels are important for understanding transition processes and allow us to identify three main areas that offer particular interesting avenues for future research. First, succession involves, among other things, the goals and options of several actors: The individual owners and managers, the family members, the economic environment, and the potential successors, to varying degrees, who may influence the transition process. We discuss this multilevel perspective within the context of the conceptual literature. Although it is adopted in some qualitative studies, multilevel quantitative research is generally scarce. Because succession is an inherently multilevel phenomenon, we argue that empirical research must also adopt a multilevel perspective. Second, we note that succession research focuses primarily on management transitions. In contrast, ownership transfer has received much less attention. For many small- and medium-sized enterprises (including family businesses), these two transitions go hand in hand (Handler, 1994).1 Yet, there are reasons to single out and more closely examine ownership transition that involves not only financial issues and asset valuation, but also emotional issues such as perceived fairness among involved actors, which may represent the most critical part of a succession. Third, our review shows that suitable analytical techniques and representative sampling methods are lacking. There is an increased need for generalizable empirical evidence that can be used to test the limits and boundary conditions of different theoretical models, and to generate insights for owners, managers, and policy-makers. The chapter is organized as follows. In section two, we describe the methodology. Section three reviews the extant research and discusses a selection of articles represented within the categories identified in the cluster analysis. Section four uses these insights to highlight some avenues for future research that would help to fill some of the research gaps identified by our review and analysis. We highlight areas worthy of future inquiry and discuss some of the methodological issues that need to be addressed to further the research in this area. Section five provides a brief conclusion.

  • 189.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Pittino, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. EGADE Business Sch, Tecnol Monterrey, San Pedro Garza Garcia, Mexico.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Res Inst Ind Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts2019In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 360-385Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study analyzes the nexus among business growth, ownership structure, and local embeddedness—that is, the involvement of economic actors in a geographically bound social structure—in rural and urban contexts. This work combines regional economics with studies on family business and firm growth and uses a coarsened matched sample of privately held Swedish firms. The findings indicate that family firms benefit more than nonfamily firms from local embeddedness and as such they achieve higher levels of growth and that this effect is more pronounced in rural areas. Research implications are shared in the Conclusion section.

  • 190.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Pittino, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Sieger, Philipp
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Eddleston, Kimberly
    Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States.
    Special Issue: “Career issues in family business: Understanding career ladders and glass ceilings” call for papers2016In: The Journal of Family Business Strategy, ISSN 1877-8585, E-ISSN 1877-8593, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 272-273Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Sieger, Philipp
    University of St. Gallen & University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Eddleston, Kimberly A.
    D'Amore-McKim School of Business, Northeastern University, USA.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Fail but try again? The effects of age, gender, and multiple-owner experience on failed entrepreneurs’ reentry2017In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 909-941Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate what leads failed entrepreneurs to reenter entrepreneurship by taking a developmental career perspective. Specifically, we hypothesize that the age of failed entrepreneurs has a non-linear relationship with the likelihood of reentering entrepreneurship that follows different career stages (early, middle, and late). The gender of failed entrepreneurs and multiple-owner experience in the failed firm are hypothesized to be moderators of this relationship. We test our hypotheses using a database consisting of the Swedish population, including 4,761 entrepreneurs who failed between 2000 and 2004. Analyzing their career paths over the years following their failure offers support for our theoretical expectations.

  • 192.
    Beckmann, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Noll, Florentine
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Cause-related Marketing: A qualitative study into Millennials’ perception2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Consumers in today’s market place request companies to take on responsibility and to act as good citizens. In this sense, cause-related marketing (CM) is a campaign format whereby a company promises to donate a specific amount to a non-profit organization (NPO) or cause in response to every CM-labeled product purchased by the consumer. Throughout the last 30 years CM has proven a successful campaign format that resonates well with consumers but also provides benefits for companies and NPOs. While scholars focused on the assessment of attitudes and behavioral responses towards CM, the specific Millennial age cohort and the study of consumers’ perception have been limited. Considering Millennials’ peculiar and unique characteristics, it was worth to investigate how Millennials view CM and to evaluate if a different set- up, management and communication of CM campaigns is required to best resonate with this age cohort. Better understanding Millennials is especially valuable because of the age cohorts’ spending power and future importance in the market place. 

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this thesis was to explore Millennials’ perception of CM by focusing on different stimulus factors associated with CM and individual factors related to the consumer. 

    Method:

    To attain the purpose, a systematic literature review was conducted to identify relevant stimulus factors and individual factors influencing perception of CM. Based on the factors identified three research questions were made central to semi-structured in-depth interviews as the main method of primary data collection. A total of twelve interviews were held with Millennial participants. The qualitative research approach chosen for this thesis allowed for rich data and deep insights into the perceptual process and Millennials’ interpretation of CM factors. 

    Conclusion:

    The findings indicate that Millennial participants processed CM campaign stimuli in a highly individual top-down approach, implying that individual beliefs, knowledge and experiences guided perception. Moreover, it became apparent that participants had a high need for transparency and required framing of different stimuli to resonate with this need. Regarding individual factors the findings of the thesis suggest that especially familiarity with the CM campaign format, personal identification with and perceived relevance of the supported cause as well as skepticism influenced participants’ perception of CM. 

  • 193. Beckmann, Malin
    et al.
    Noll, Florentine
    Berndt, Adele
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Cause-Related Marketing (CM): The Perspective of Millennials (Abstract)2017In: Creating Marketing Magic and Innovative Future Marketing Trends: Proceedings of the 2016 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference / [ed] Maximilian Stieler, Springer, 2017, p. 999-1000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 194.
    Beddig, Theresa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Mäkinen, Niklas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The influence of owner's chronic illness on family firm's adaptation: A study of small family businesses and entrepreneurial couples in Finland and Germany2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organisation’s adaptation to owner’s chronic illness is an important theme for all businesses, but it is especially valuable for small family businesses as well as entrepreneurial couples due to their strong interrelation between family and business. So far family business research has not looked into family businesses’ process of adapting to the disruption caused by the occurence of owner’s severe chronic illness. The purpose of this thesis was to look at what impact an owner’s severe chronic illness has on the organisation’s adaptation. To fulfil the purpose, this study combines family science, and family business research and theories in an interdisciplinary manner, applying family science theory to family business research. Our approach is directed by the Double ABCX Model of Family Stress and the FAAR Model to explore the adaptation process of family businesses and to identify demands and resources connected to the disruption.

    This multiple case study, utilising semi-structured interviews, observations and secondary data was conducted in a Finnish and German context. The collected qualitative data is presented as narrative case summaries, and analysed by applying in- and cross-case analysis. The findings add to the theoretical understanding of the adaptation process by identifying preconditions, which affect organisations’ adaptation process. Moreover, we identified demands that a chronic illness causes for both the business and the family as well as resources that are used to respond to the new demands. A model illustrating the adaptation process and its dimensions is presented. The findings of the study do not only serve family businesses coping with a chronic illness but provide more implications for businesses in general. Organisations can use the study’s findings to prepare and make their business fit for disruptions of different nature. In addition, organisations in the particular situation researched can benefit by better understanding how they could further improve to stay resilient for possible future disruptions.

  • 195.
    Beek, Kristina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Schwarzkopf, Svenja
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The ‘silver spoon’ in family firms: Gaining credibility as a young professional family member in a new leading position in a family firm2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is supposed that many managers in an organization are ineffective because the task of managing a new team is underestimated.  The leaders, as well as the organization, too often take this task for granted and are not aware of how difficult the situation can be. Especially in family firms one might ignore the lack of skills and the weaknesses of a family member who shall be appointed for a new leading position.

    Through four case studies, including semi-structured interviews with a family and non-family member respectively, we gave answers to our research question how to gain credibility as a young professional family member in a new leading position in a family firm. Further, we investigated how the ‘silver spoon’ influences the credibility of the new leader as a family member.

    It was found that the most important factors influencing the credibility of the young professional family member are experience, commitment, individual factor, relationship to family and non-family members. A young professional’s work experience can help to gain respect and credibility from the employees. A high level of commitment to the firm and being willing to work hard helps to overcome the prejudices of the ‘silver spoon’ and shows that they have earned the right to be in the current position.

    Furthermore, it was found that the new leaders struggle most with the incumbent, relationship to family members and relationships to non-family members. It is an obstacle that the newcomer is compared to the incumbent and sometimes still treated as a child. An additional problem is that the family pressures the newcomer into responsible positions, which the new leader does not feel prepared for. By giving the newcomer the possibility to gain work experience, through a mentorship program and through the incumbent stepping back and trusting the newcomer, companies can support the young professional family members.

  • 196.
    Beik, Nima
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bergqvist, Kim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Karam, Jihane
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Marketing in e-Commerce through the Implementation of the Service Perspective: A Case Study of the Start-Up Firm - EarnBidWin.com2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Thesis will begin by highlighting the significance of social media networks and e-Commerce in today’s business environment. The purpose of this paper is to develop an external marketing strategy that can be employed by start-up firms operating in the e-Commerce of reverse auction sites.

     

    The paper will particularly focus on the company EarnBidWin.com and the marketing strategy will be based on the Service Perspective. EarnBidWin.com is an online reverse auction site that is new and unique compared to other existing models of reverse auction. EarnBidWin.com is a web-based advertising and networking platform that features e-Campaigns (performance-based advertising) and reverse auctions. EarnBidWin.com’s unique business model within a social-business network offers a win-win situation for all parties concerned.

     

    A qualitative research method is conducted by using a case study. The data is gathered through the primary source of interviews with the CEO of the company, along with the secondary source of extensive academic literature. Finally, the results are presented in a discussion of a proposed marketing strategy based on the combination of the Service Perspective and the Critical Success Factors of high growth start-up firms in the e-Commerce arena.

  • 197.
    Beik, Nima
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Galbraith, James
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Fan identification and the perception of the sponsor-team fit: The case of Emirates Airlines and Arsenal FC2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sponsorship has become an important factor in determining the success and competitiveness of a sports team. While previous sports sponsorship literature has been substantial, the fans and their perceptions of the sponsor(s) has often not been focused upon. A fans’ identification or connection with a sports team can differ amongst fans, as it influences their engagement with the team and their respective sponsor. Previous literature regarding the perceived fit between a team and a sponsor has been limited to the use of hypothetical sponsors. This research therefore focuses on how different levels of fan identification influence their perceptions of the sponsor-team fit, with a specific focus on the sponsor Emirates Airlines and the football team Arsenal FC.

    The purpose of this research is to establish an insight into how different levels (high and low) of identified Arsenal FC fans perceive the sponsor-team fit with Emirates Airlines. The research questions have been divided into two sub questions; one focusing on high- identified Arsenal FC fans and the other on low-identified Arsenal FC fans. In order to fulfil the purpose of this thesis, existing literature was used to create an identification survey that was completed by over 100 Arsenal FC fans residing in Sweden. The survey identified a number of high-identified and low-identified fans, of which five high-identified and five low-identified fans were chosen to participate in interviews.

    The empirical findings reveal that the identification of a sports fan with their sports team does impact their perception of the sponsor-team fit. High-identified fans were more receptive of the sponsor due to their financial support, contributing to a more successful team. Low-identified fans were more receptive of the sponsor due to the duration of the sponsorship, and described this as the main reason to their positive perception of the sponsor-team fit. 

  • 198.
    Bejnarowicz, Adrianna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Aderum, Tilda
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Employees’ Participation in a Company’s CSR: How do formal and informal cultural systems affect employees’ participation in a company’s CSR activities2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

     Purpose: This paper aims to investigate how formal and informal cultural systems within an organization, affect the CSR related actions employees are taking at their workplace on a daily basis. The purpose is to explore how the systemsaffect employees’ participation in a company's CSR.

     

    Problem:  There is a need for improvements in CSR activities. This improvement could be carried out by creating deeper employee engagement in CRS development and implementation. Gapsbetween externally communicated CSR and internally implemented CSR exists. Researchers have emphasized the importance of culture as a significant factor for successful CSR as well that many organizations are struggling with the integration of sustainability into the cultures and climates. 

     

    Method:The study is conducted through qualitative research and a case study method. The case study consisted of semi-structured interviews, the sample consisted of seven employees. The research in this thesis was conducted through an inductive approach. 

     

    Findings: Findings show that the formal cultural systems affected actions related to only one of the CSR aims of the company. The informal cultural systems did not affect employees to take specific actions but rather their mindset. Moreover, findings suggest that employees took CSR related actions without being fully aware of the company’s CSR. The findings also indicated a low awareness of formal documents andidentified factors beyond formal and informal systems that drove and hindered employees to take CSR related actions. 

  • 199.
    Belcheva, Violeta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Technology Acceptance in Developing Countries: Testing established model in new context2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 200.
    Bellfors, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Swedish banks' Regulations and Risk Management - Is it a stricter process of granting credit?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze whether the Swedish big banks have changed their lending standards as a result of the Global Financial Crisis in 2008. According to the picture of how the Swedish real estate economy is highlighted in media, the way households are allowed to consume, are to many incomprehensible and is something that further needs to be analyzed. To be able to fulfill the purpose, the Swedish banks Handelsbanken, Swedbank and SEB are interviewed about their risk management, regulations controlling them and their credit granting process. An important conclusion is that banks are taking a much greater responsibility today compared to what they did before 2008. The Basel III regulation means that banks have to hold larger buffers of capital and the Basel III is much of the reason that banks have changed their lending standards and become a lot stricter today. It is not only the credit granting process that has become stricter since the Global Financial Crisis. The financial sector experienced a severe lack of information leading to people bought assets without being aware of the risk level of these assets, many lost money they never could have dreamt of as a consequence. After this, the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority implemented a regulation meaning that every contract between bank and customer must be carefully documented in order for the customer to know the level of risk they take.

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