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  • 151.
    Christensson, Lennart
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Joakimsson, Daga
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Attitudes of Different Professionals Toward the Well-being of Older Adults Living at Home2010In: Journal of Allied Health, ISSN 0090-7421, E-ISSN 1945-404X, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 293-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Negative attitudes in society toward working in eldercare constitute a challenge to educators and care providers. The purpose of this study was to explore, describe, and compare the attitudes of different professional groups toward factors that are important for the well-being of older adults.

    Methods: A randomized sample of 210 respondents that included registered nurses (RNs), registered occupational therapists (OTRs), personal benefit advisors (PBAs), and home help assistants (HHAs) was collected from social service agencies in 10 Swedish municipalities. A scale was developed in a six-step process to measure attitudes toward factors influencing elder wellbeing, and the final 22-item Likert-type scale was called the “Staff Attitudes toward the Well-being of Older Adults” scale.

    Results: Thirty-three percent of staff responded with positive attitudes <toward working with elders>, and the remaining were uncertain or negative. The attitudes of RNs, OTRs, and PBAs were significantly more positive than those of HHAs.

    Discussion: The scale is practical for use in different professional groups with the aim of exploring existing attitudes, identifying areas with a low degree of prevailing positive attitudes and differences between groups, and evaluating whether attitudes change after staff training.

  • 152.
    Clement, Jill
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Support strategies that promote parenting skills for parents with intellectual disabilities: A systematic literature review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 153.
    Collin, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Kuikka, Susanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Post - migrationens effekter: En kvalitativ studie om somaliska kvinnors position inom familj och samhälle i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Migrationen i världen ökar och så även i Sverige. Mötet med den nya kulturen påverkar individers positioner inom familj och samhälle, och kvinnor är ofta dem som genomgår störst förändring. Hur kvinnor hanterar förändringen av att flytta från ett partiarkalt samhälle till ett högst jämställt, är ett ämnesområde som inte fått nog uppmärksamhet inom svensk forskning. Syftet i denna studie är att belysa hur migrationens eventuella påverkan yttrar sig i individens positioner, och studien genomförs genom intervjuer med elva somaliska kvinnor som talar om sina upplevelser i Sverige och tidigare liv i Somalia. Studiens kvalitativa karaktär används för att på djupet kunna undersöka kvinnornas perception. Resultatet visar att kontext och bakgrund spelar stor roll kring hur livet i Sverige utvecklats. Kvinnor med en mer traditionell bakgrund har i högre grad behållit traditionella positioner i hemmet, och de med mer sekulära influenser från tidigare liv i Somalia har anpassats bättre till det svenska samhället. Vidare visar studien att arbetsbördan ökat för kvinnor, på grund av minskat kontaktnät i Sverige och mannens ovilja att anpassa sig till nya positioner inom hemmet. Resultatet diskuteras utifrån individualiserings- och moderniserings teorier från Ulrich Beck och Anthony Giddens. Studiens resultat ställs i jämförelse med tidigare forskning på området och belyser skillnader och likheter med tidigare forskningsresultat.

  • 154.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Body mass index, cognitive ability, and dementia: prospective associations and methodological issues in late life2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the present study were to investigate the association between overweight and cognitive ability and dementia, and to evaluate the usefulness of self-reported body mass index (BMI) in late life and various data sources commonly used in epidemiological studies to identify persons with dementia. Data were drawn from three population-based studies: the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging (SATSA), Aging in Women and Men: A Longitudinal Study of Gender Differences in Health Behaviour and Health among Elderly (the Gender Study), and the Finnish Lieto Study. In Study I, the agreement between self-reported and measured BMI over time was evaluated among 774 men and women, ages 40 to 88 years at baseline (mean age 63.9) participating in both the questionnaire phase and in-person testing of SATSA. Latent growth curve (LGC) modeling showed a small but significant increase between self-reported and measured BMI (0.02 kg/m2/y) over time, which would probably not affect the results if self-reported BMI were used as a continuous variable in longitudinal research. In Study II, the agreement between dementia diagnoses from various sources and dementia diagnoses set at a consensus conference was evaluated. Among the 498 elderly people ages 70 to 81 at baseline (mean age 74.5) enrolled in the Gender Study, 87 were diagnosed with dementia during an eight-year period. Review of medical records and nurse evaluations yielded the highest sensitivity (0.83 and 0.80, respectively) and a high specificity (0.98 and 0.96), indicating that these sources might be good proxies of dementia, while data extraction from the Swedish Inpatient Discharge Registry underestimated the prevalence of dementia (sensitivity 0.26). In Study III, the association between being overweight in midlife and cognitive ability in late life was examined in SATSA. The 781 participants ages 25 to 63 at baseline (mean age 41.6) in 1963 or 1973 self-reported their height and weight. From 1986 until 2002, they were assessed five times using a cognitive test battery. LGC models showed that people with higher midlife BMI scores had significantly lower cognitive ability and a significantly steeper decline than their thinner counterparts, an association that persisted when those who developed dementia during the study period were excluded from the analysis. This finding indicates that being overweight might affect cognitive ability independently of dementia. In Study IV, the association between BMI and dementia risk in older persons was described among 605 persons without dementia and ages 65 to 92 at baseline (mean age 70.8) in the Lieto Study. Among these, 86 persons were diagnosed with dementia during eight years of follow-up. Cox regression analyses indicated that for each unit increase in BMI score, the risk of dementia decreased 8% (hazard ratio = 0.92, 95% confidence interval = 0.87–0.97) and the association remained significant when individuals who developed dementia during the first four years of follow-up were excluded from the analyses. This result suggests that low BMI scores are present almost a decade before clinical dementia onset.

  • 155.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Response letter to Dr. Hazzard2009In: Journal of The American Geriatrics Society, ISSN 0002-8614, E-ISSN 1532-5415, Vol. 57, no 7, p. 1316-1317Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 156.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Nilsson, Sven
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Identification of dementia in epidemiological research: A study on the usefulness of various data sources2007In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 381-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: Prevalence and incidence ratios of dementia in epidemiological studies vary according to the data source used. Medical records, cognitive tests, and registry information are sources frequently used to differentiate dementia from normal aging. The aim of the present study was to compare the identification of dementia from these different sources with that from consensus diagnosis. 

    Methods: 498 elderly people (age range 70–81 at baseline) enrolled in a Swedish population-based longitudinal twin study (Gender) were evaluated on physical and mental health and interviewed for their socio-demographic background three times during an eight-year period. Reviews of medical records and the Swedish Discharge Registry (DR) were conducted. The 10th percentile was used to differentiate between dementia and non-dementia in all cognitive tests. Scores of 24 or below on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) (range 1–30) indicated dementia. A consensus conference diagnosed dementia on the basis of total information. The consensus diagnosis was used as the gold standard. 

    Results: MMSE scores (sensitivity 64%, specificity 96%, kappa 0.65) and the review of medical records (sensitivity 57%, specificity 99%, kappa 0.65) were good sources for dementia identification. The precision of medical records increased when recordings of cognitive impairment were included (sensitivity 83%, specificity 98%, kappa 0.84). The discharge registry had low sensitivity (26%) and kappa coefficient (0.31). 

    Conclusions: The present study shows that both review of medical records and MMSE scores are good although not perfect identifiers of dementia. The discharge registry is an uncertain source of dementia identification.

  • 157.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Hassing, Linda B.
    Fransson, Eleonor
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Berg, Stig
    Reynolds, Chandra A.
    Gatz, Margrete
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Being overweight in midlife is associated with lower cognitive ability and steeper cognitive decline in late life2010In: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, ISSN 1079-5006, E-ISSN 1758-535X, Vol. 65A, no 1, p. 57-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Although an increasing body of evidence links being overweight in midlife with an increased risk for dementia in late life, no studies have examined the association between being overweight in midlife and cognitive ability in late life. Our aim was to examine the association between being overweight in midlife as measured by body mass index (BMI) and cognitive ability assessed over time. METHODS: Participants in the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study Aging were derived from a population-based sample. The participants completed baseline surveys in 1963 or 1973 (mean age 41.6 years, range 25-63 years). The surveys included questions about height, weight, diseases, and lifestyle factors. Beginning in 1986, the same individuals were assessed on neuropsychological tests every 3 years (except in 1995) until 2002. During the study period, 781 individuals who were 50 years and older (60% women) had at least one complete neuropsychological assessment. A composite score of general cognitive ability was derived from the cognitive test battery for each measurement occasion. RESULTS: Latent growth curve models adjusted for twinness showed that persons with higher midlife BMI scores had significantly lower general cognitive ability and significantly steeper longitudinal decline than their thinner counterparts. The association did not change substantially when persons who developed dementia during the study period were excluded from the analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Higher midlife BMI scores precede lower general cognitive ability and steeper cognitive decline in both men and women. The association does not seem to be mediated by an increased risk for dementia

  • 158.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Hassing, Linda
    Fransson, Eleonor
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Pedersen, Nancy
    Agreement between self-reported and measured height, weight and body mass index in old age: a longitudinal study with 20 years of follow-up2010In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 445-451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: self-reported body mass index (BMI) based on self-reported height and weight is a widely used measure of adiposity in epidemiological research. Knowledge about the accuracy of these measures in late life is scarce.

    Objective: the study aimed to evaluate the accuracy and changes in accuracy of self-reported height, weight and BMI calculated from self-reported height and weight in late life.

    Design: a longitudinal population-based study with five times of follow-up was conducted.

    Participants: seven hundred seventy-four community-living men and women, aged 40–88 at baseline (mean age 63.9), included in The Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging.

    Methods: participants self-reported their height and weight in a questionnaire, and height and weight were measured by experienced research nurses at an in-person testing five times during a 20-year period. BMI was calculated as weight (kilogramme)/height (metre)2.

    Results: latent growth curve modelling showed an increase in the mean difference between self-reported and measured values over time for height (0.038 cm/year) and BMI (0.016 kg/m2/year), but not for weight.

    Conclusions: there is a very small increase in the mean difference between self-reported and measured BMI with ageing, which probably would not affect the results when self-reported BMI is used as a continuous variable in longitudinal studies.

  • 159.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Hassing, Linda
    Fransson, Eleonor
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Pedersen, Nancy
    Is self-reported Body Mass Index a valid and reliable measure in old age?: Findings from the Longitudinal Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging2009In: 62nd Annual Scientific Meeting of Gerontological Society of America, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Dahl, Anna K
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Hassing, Linda B
    Fransson, Eleonor I
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Pedersen, Nancy L
    Is Self-reported Body Mass Index Less Reliable in Late Life?  2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Self-reported Body Mass Index (BMI) based on self-reported height and weight is a widely used measure of adiposity in epidemiological research. Knowledge about the accuracy of these measures in late life is scarce, and especially if there is intra-individual changes over time.

    Methods: Seven hundred seventy-four men and women, aged 40 to 88 at baseline (mean age 63.9), in The Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging self-reported and had their height and weight measured by experienced research nurses five times during a twenty year period. BMI was calculated as weight (kilos)/height (meter)2.

    Results: There was significant correlation between self-reported and measured height (0.97-0.98), weight (0.97-0.98), and BMI (0.93-0.95) at each measurement occasion, and substantial agreement for BMI as a categorical variable (Kappa coefficient 0.72-0.81). Latent growth curve modeling showed an increase in the mean difference between self-reported and measured values over time for height (0.04 cm/year) and BMI (0.02 kg/m2/year), but not for weight.

    Conclusions: There is a very small significant increase in the mean difference between self-reported and measured BMI with aging, mainly due to unawareness of changes in height, which probably would not affect the results when self-reported BMI is used as a continuous variable in longitudinal studies.

  • 161. Davey, Adam
    et al.
    Fermia, Elia E.
    Zarit, Steven H
    Shea, Dennis G.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Smayer, Michael A.
    Salva, Jyoti
    Life on the Edge: Patterns of Formal and Informal Help to Older Adults in the United States and Sweden2005In: The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, ISSN 1079-5014, E-ISSN 1758-5368, Vol. 60, no 5, p. 281-288Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 162. Davey, Adam
    et al.
    Savla, Jyoti
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Zarit, Steven H.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    How equitable is Sweden's changing care-mix?: Linking individual and regional characteristics over time2007In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 511-532Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 163.
    de Kervenoael, Ronan
    et al.
    Sabancı University, Istanbul, Turkey and Aston Business School .
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    Sabancı University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    ‘It’s in Her Eyes’ A ‘barometer’ for EU accession through female perceptions of role portrayals in advertising: a Crosscultural study of Ukraine and Turkey2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines female response to gender role portrayals in advertising for Ukraine and Turkey. Being both new potential EU candidates, we argue that gender stereotype could also be used as a ‘barometer’ of progress and closure towards a more generally accepted EU behaviour against women. While their history remains different, both from a political and society values point of views, constraints are currently being faced that require convergence or justification of practices and understanding. Principal components analysis is employed over 290 questionnaires to identify the underlying dimensions. Results indicate overall similarities in perceptions, fragmentation within groups, but seem to provide divergence regarding thresholds.

  • 164. DelaRosa, Olga
    et al.
    Pawelec, Graham
    Peralbo, Esther
    Wikby, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Mariani, Erminia
    Mocchegiani, Eugenio
    Tarazona, Raquel
    Solana, Rafael
    Immunological biomarkers of ageing in man: changes in both innate and adaptive immunity are associated with health and longevity.2006In: Biogerontology (Dordrecht), ISSN 1389-5729, E-ISSN 1573-6768, Vol. 7, no 5-6, p. 471-481Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 165.
    Dijkshoorn, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Inclusive Education for Refugees and Asylum Seeking Children: A Systematic Literature Review2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of children with a refugee background in the Netherlands. All of these children who are under 18 years of age must go to school, but they face many barriers towards inclusion. Appropriately educating this diverse group of children presents schools with challenges. Supportive programs are needed to overcome these barriers and challenges. AIM The aim of this paper was to explore what supports are put in place to foster refugee students’ inclusion in school. METHOD A systematic literature review was conducted to synthesize research on school-based programs and practices. RESULTS A broad range of supports were identified. Most studies addressed access barriers to learning by offering emotional and educational support, while fewer studies focused on opportunity barriers such as negative attitudes and lack of parental involvement. CONCLUSION It was concluded that schools can play an important role in supporting the inclusion of refugee children and their families because of their accessibility, but that more high quality research is necessary in order to assess the effectiveness of supports that minimize barriers towards learning and promote their inclusion in school.

  • 166.
    Dimberg, Jan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Hugander, Anders
    Löfgren, Sture
    Wågsäter, Dick
    Polymorphism and circulating levels of the chemokine CXCL12 in colorectal cancer patients2007In: International Journal of Molecular Medicine, ISSN 1107-3756, E-ISSN 1791-244X, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 11-15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Dinu, Radu Harald
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Anekdotiskt om mångfald i arbetslivet2019In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 5Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 168.
    Dinu, Radu Harald
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Hårresande teser om religion och mångkultur [Recension av Eli Göndör, ”Religionskollision: majoritet, minoritet och toleransens gränser"]2018In: Jönköpings-Posten, ISSN 1103-9469, no 21 februariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 169.
    Dreaver, Jessica
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Thompson, Craig
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Black, Melissa H.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Success Factors Enabling Employment for Adults on the Autism Spectrum from Employers' Perspective2019In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Employment outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are poor and there is limited understanding on how best to support individuals with ASD in the workplace. Stakeholders involved in the employment of adults with ASD, including employers and employment service providers have unique insights into the factors influencing employment for this population. Organisational and individual factors facilitating successful employment for adults with ASD across Australia and Sweden were explored, including the supports and strategies underpinning employment success from an employers' perspective. Three themes including Knowledge and Understanding of ASD, Work Environment and Job Match emerged, suggesting that a holistic approach was key to supporting success, with employer knowledge and understanding of ASD underpinning their ability to facilitate employment.

  • 170.
    Dribe, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Age Homogamy, Gender, and Earnings: Sweden 1990-20092017In: Social Forces, ISSN 0037-7732, E-ISSN 1534-7605, Vol. 96, no 1, p. 239-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown considerable marriage premiums in earnings for men, but often penalties for women of being in a union. In this study we extend this research by analyzing how the age difference between spouses affects the earnings profiles by gender. As we follow people over time in advance as well as within their marriage, we can separate premarital from postmarital earnings movements. The data consist of information on annual earnings 1990-2009 for all Swedes born 1960-1974 (N = 926,219). The results indicate that age homogamy is related to higher earnings for both men and women, and that larger age differences are generally associated with lower union premiums, quite independently of which spouse is older. However, most of these results are explained by assortative mating, in which men and women with greater earnings potentials find partners of a similar age. Overall, the age difference between spouses seems to have a limited causal effect, if any, on individual earnings.

  • 171.
    Edwards, Mark G.
    Business School, University of Western Australia, Australia.
    "Every today was a tomorrow": An integral method for indexing the social mediation of preferred futures2008In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 173-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The visions we hold of the future, whether they are of utopias or dystopias, are not simply a matter of personal imagination. Our conceptions of the future are mediated to us as much as they are privately created by us. To this point, futures studies have not developed an integrative and broad-based framework for considering the social mediation of futures. Understanding how social mediation impacts on our futures visioning requires an interpretive framework that can cope with the multilayered nature of futures visions, the worldviews that are associated with them and a theory of mediation that can be applied within such a context of 'depth'. Using theory-building methodology, the current paper attempts this task by describing a theory of social mediation that builds on the integral futures framework. An application of the framework explores the relationship between various scenarios of health care futures, their associated worldviews and the mediational factors that influence our visions of future health care systems.

  • 172. Edwards, Mark G.
    Healing the half-world: Ideology and the emancipatory potential of meta-level social science2016In: Metatheory for the twenty-first century: critical realism and integral theory in dialogue, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 69-98Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 173. Edwards, Mark G.
    Seeking wisdom: A transdisciplinary perspective on Australian indigenous practices and planetary management2016In: Development and sustainability: The challenge of social change / [ed] Alberto Cimadamore, Maurice Mittelmark, Gro Therese Lie, and Fungisai P. Gwanzura Ottemöller, London: Zed Books, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 174.
    Eidehall, Jennie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Barkström, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Min nya mattefröken är ett troll: En studie om lek- och lärdatorspel i matematikundervisningen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 175.
    Eidevald, Christian
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Det finns inga tjejbestämmare: Att förstå kön som position i förskolans vardagsrutiner och lek2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research studies have shown that in their address and behaviour towards girls and boys, pre-school staff apply stereotyped gender concepts, thus reinforcing rather than challenging stereotypes. The present thesis therefore focuses on which of children’s positions that are accepted or that face resistance from the staff. In this way, children’s gender-based "identity-formation" can be critically analyzed based on different possible descriptions of how it is to be a girl or a boy, and what unaware assumptions about gender representations that in this way may be made in different ways by both children and adults.

    The theoretical point of departure is feminist poststructuralism; and the analysis focuses on variations found between the groups of girls and boys, as well as within these groups, and within individuals. The empirical data consists of video-taped sessions from two teams working with children aged 3-5, and focus groups interviews with the adult. Then different "readings" of the empirical material have been conducted based on different assumptions (discourses); i.e. assuming that girls and boys "really" are different or equal, different behaviours will appear as more or less obvious and natural. By showing that several different discourses are present at the same time, gender-based "identity-formation" is described as a very complex process. The analyzed situations show that girls and boys in pre-school are defined and treated in stereotyped ways, however, there is a large hidden variation of how different girls and different boys positions themselves in different contexts. Pre-school teachers thus work actively to distinguish between girls and boys based on how they are being perceived as either girls or boys. Teachers’ expectations then become decisive of how different children are addressed and treated in different situations. To conclude, the pedagogical consequences of this are discussed with regard to gender equality work in which also alternative discourses are formulated.

     

  • 176.
    Ekblom, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Thomsson, Hanna-Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Living with Disability: A Literature Study and a Content Analysis of the Social Contexts of Women with Disabilities in Sub-Saharan Africa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women with disabilities face multiple discrimination due to their gender and disability state. This is a literature study through the means of a content analysis of documents that explore the lives of women with disabilities in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study was conducted by reviewing documents surrounding the topics to display a representable picture of women with disabilities lives in the area and a discussion on what can be done to improve their situation. The study concluded that women with disabilities face a multitude of social barriers in their efforts to participate in their communities but also while conducting daily activities in their homes. The results of the study are categorised into different themes that represent aspects of social life.  Additionally, the study discusses The social model of disability theory from the women’s perspective. Development focus in regards to disability is skewed, and in need of review, women with disabilities need to be a more prominent discussion in the development mainstream. This study is a response to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities as well as the mention of persons with disabilities in Agenda 2030.

  • 177.
    Elgmark Andersson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lund, Josefine
    Rehabilitation Unit, Jönköping, Vilhelmsro, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Månsson, J.
    Rehabilitation Unit, Eksjö, Höglands Hospital, Eksjö, Sweden.
    Traumatic brain injury in children between 7-12 years of age2010In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423 (print); 1751-8431 (online), Vol. 13, no 5, p. 346-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the amount of traumatic brain injuries among children in the western part of Sweden.

    Methods: Based on a randomized controlled study a retrospective analysis was conducted of data for children of 257 children 7 through 12 years of age. The journals were collected from 1997-2000.

    Result: The results showed that the most common causes were play and sports and that the accidents occurred in the school environment in the afternoon, whilst the least amount of accidents took place in the home. Nearly half of all the children were admitted to the hospital. Most accidents occurred in March and the least number of accidents occurred during the summer months.

    Conclusion: Prevention strategies are needed especially for play and sport activities in recreation centers and playgrounds. These places are a high risk in causing a TBI for children after a day at school.

  • 178.
    Elms, Jonathan
    et al.
    Lancaster University Management School, UK.
    Dunphy, Claire
    Lancaster University Management School, UK.
    de Kervenoae, Ronan
    Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey & Aston Business School, UK .
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    “It’s in His Eyes”: The Negotiation and Interpretation of Masculinity using the Dolce et Gabbana’s 2005 Print Advertising Campaign2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of 'masculinity' has over more years received increased attention within consumer research discourse suggesting the potential of a 'crisis of masculinity', symptomatic of a growing feminisation, or 'queering' of visual imagery and consumption (e.g. Patterson & Elliott, 2002). Although this corpus of research has served to enrich the broader gender identity debate, it is, arguably, still relatively underdeveloped and therefore warrants further insight and elaboration. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to explore how masculinity is represented and interpreted by men using the Dolce et Gabbana men's 2005 print advertising campaign. The rationale for using this particular campaign is that it is one of the most homoerotic, provocative, and well publicised campaigns to cross over from the 'gay' media to more mainstream UK men's magazines. Masculinity, and what it means to be 'masculine', manifests itself within particular ideological, moral, cultural and hegemonic discourses. Masculinity is not a homogenous term which can be simply reduced, and ascribed, to those born as 'male' rather than 'female'. One may exhibit different degrees of masculinity or femininity, depending on social-cultural situation regardless of biological sex (Eagly 1987; Putreve, 2001). Fischer and Arnold (1994) suggest, for example, that masculine and feminine identities are 'orthogonal' rather than 'bi-polar' concepts, entangled and enmeshed together in a dialectical relationship. Therefore, it is more appropriate to consider multiple masculinities, which are plural, transient and ephemeral. As Askegaard (1991) maintains socio-cultural identity concerns' questions such as "who are we and who are the others?" and "how are we related to each other?". Advertising images, and imagery, attempt to answer some of these questions, through the continual negotiation of both individually and culturally accepted masculinities. Masculinity is not merely a 'visual' concept but advertisers have begun to represent 'visions of masculinity' to entice male consumers (e.g. Schroeder & Borgerson, 1998; Schroeder & Zwick, 2004). The portrayal of masculinity through the representation of male body has emerged from that of the muscle bound, rugged, 'cowboy', the stereotypical 'heterosexual masculinity' of the 1960s, to the 'New Man' of the 1980s: a more sensitive man who is in touch with his 'feminine' emotional side (Patterson & Elliott, 2002). The 'New Man' has been recently reinvented, taking the form of the 'metrosexual male' - the 'straight' man who dresses 'gay' - which is increasingly been used as a marketing ploy to target products, particularly clothes and cosmetics, at younger men (Simpson, 2002). This, in turn, has led to increased men's participation in the wider cultural arenas of consumption as well as encouraging visual consumption where 'men gaze at men' (e.g. Patterson & Elliott, 2002). A convenience sample of sixteen in-depth interviews was conducted with self-identified 'straight' men, between the ages of 18 and 24. Within the interview context, each respondent was asked to construct of collage of their masculine self ideals using images from men's magazines. Following the logic of 'photo-elicitation' and 'auto-driving' (Heisley & Levy, 1991), respondents were then given a copy of the Dolce et Gabanna print ads, which they were asked to describe in detail. Our findings would suggest that, for these men the visual images contained within the ads were largely rejected as representative of a singular, hegemonic, notion of 'masculinity'. The men voiced varying degree of distaste of the use and representation of the male models displaying interest and intrigue in each other in various state of undress with little, or no, reference to women within the ads. These models were not axiomatically considered as not being 'masculine' but were defended as "definitely not being 'gay'". A further concurrent theme was the continuous need for the men to demonstrate and reinforce their own masculinity by discursively 'proving' themselves as heterosexual men. Our tentative conclusions argue that masculinity manifests itself in not only what is included in the ads, and what is not, but also, more importantly, in the intangible spirit or character of the visual imagery. This masculine spirit is expressed visually via physical body image, but more insightful interpretation of masculinity is embodied within body language and gaze, as illustrated in Figure 1.

  • 179.
    Emtairah, Tareq
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Avery, Helen
    Lund university.
    Mourad, Khaldoon
    Lund university.
    Visioning Labs with displaced academics as a design strategy for sustainable post-conflict reconstruction2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Post Conflict Futures is an ongoing project, where displaced Syrian academics meet in Visioning Labs and a global scenario group to jointly reflect on possible future developments  and to look for actionable leverage points to work proactively for sustainable transitions. The collective visioning  aims to identify aspects that may be critical in strategies for sustainable post conflict reconstruction, notably in the socio-technical implications of different infrastructure options.

    A crisis such as that in Syria creates shocks to infrastructure and people. These shocks generate emergencies and responses. But the collapse of existing structures can also open opportunities for a paradigm shift. In several cases, infrastructure shocks have opened opportunities that enable higher order learning with the potential to catalyse a transition towards sustainable and resilient structures (Broto et al., 2014) . This has implications to the design of processes and practices to rebuild communities.

     

    The project will serve as a platform for catalyzing strategic knowledge using the impetus from infrastructure shocks which result from the ongoing conflicts in the region. In the Post Conflict Futures Visioning Labs, holistic and integrating understanding of complex and uncertain issues is supported by approaching the issues ’diagonally’ across institutional and technological scales, by using geographical localisation as conceptual scaffolding anchored in the material, and by focusing on the structuring and distributive implications of infrastructure options  over time.

     

    Background

     

    Conflicts rip apart the social fabric, and undermine relations of trust and solidarity that are needed to mobilize populations and support collaboration across communities. Problems in the coordination of reconstruction efforts involving multiple types of actors at different levels can lead to blind spots, bottlenecks and a loss of long-term vision. In the wake of open hostiliites, frozen conflicts may emerge, involving locked situations with absence of responsible government, or factions deliberately attempting to aggravate the situation and damage other parties.

     

    When the conflict ends, massive reconstruction efforts and investments will be needed. Large-scale capital intensive projects involve strong actors who tend to set the agenda and shape overall structures. While certain technical choices have the potential to support reconciliation and empowerment of the most vulnerable, other infrastructure elements can function as mediums of isolation/domination. Infrastructure choices have consequences for livelihoods, relationships between communities, or access to and  distribution of resources. They also create relationships of long term dependency and interdependency within and beyond national borders. Importantly, characteristics in initial structures will have implications for subsequent developments.

     

    While post-conflict settings thus give rise to serious challenges, the overt failure of existing arrangements also opens opportunities for change and learning. Transitions (Geels & Schot, 2010) depend on simultaneous significant change. They involve changing ’culturally accepted beliefs and associated regulations’ (Broto et al. 2014)  Such shifts might come about when there is a ’general attitude towards paradigm questioning’ (ibid.) Broto et al. further argue that: ”reimagining infrastructure may require anticipatory learning for innovation, of the type that reflects multiple values in society and acknowledges the uncertainties inherent to understanding a complex world”.

    Scenario and visioning work creates flexible frames of relevance and prioritization anchored in human cultural significance, which is vital for both engagement and communicability. The communicability of such narratives is a key factor for shaping collaborative multi-stakeholder alliances across disciplines, sectors or localities. Transitions depend on mobilizing concerted collective action.  There therefore is a need for shared visions that are convincing, understandable  and anchored in cultural and material realities, both for self-organizing and in order to mobilize and synchronize efforts. 

    Scenarios and visioning further allow to reflect strategically in settings of extreme uncertainty characterised by rapid and unpredictable changes. They offer advantages by not being limited to a particular course of events, and by not presupposing agreement or consensus. Offering a framework for collective conversations and continued reflection, scenarios thus have eminently dynamic and heuristic qualities. They are particularly valuable in the face of extreme uncertainties (Schwartz, 1991). Rather than focusing on ’problems’ or ’solutions’, emphasis lies on exploring different possibilities and their implications. This helps envisage action in the face of uncertain futures, but also supports openness in imagining and discussing various options.

    Narratives can function as bridging artefacts beyond the group where they were initially shaped, to the extent that they give sufficient contextual detail for abstract patterns of thought to be related to lived experiences, while not depending on disciplinary jargon or existing institutional framing.  Further significant characteristics are that they support action by including designation of responsible social agents, clarifying developments over time, and providing suggestions concerning possible causal links and consequences.  Scenarios can thereby offer scaffolding to become a starting point for further discussions, and provide a conceptual structured space for reflection, suggesting how different details fit in, are interconnected, and may evolve over time.

    In contexts of conflicts and sharply diverging interests, taking a purely technological approach to the challenges is not enough (Aggestam, 2015). The aim here is therefore not to evacuate the political, but to revisit the issues from another angle. Back-casting uses discontinuity creatively, making it possible to step beyond the conceptual constraints of a status quo, but to subsequently re-anchor the strategy in concrete specifics of the present to make it actionable.

    Finally, holistic reflection is supported by the compression that results from fitting highly complex issues into an ongoing conversation in a small group of people, with diverse backgrounds. The format makes it possible to draw on tacit and cultural knowledge, as well as the differing professional experiences of participants.

    Aggestam, K. (2015). Desecuritisation of water and the technocratic turn in peacebuilding. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law & Economics 15(3), 327-340.

    Broto et al. (2014). What can we learn about transitions for sustainability from infrastructure shocks? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 84, 186-196.

    Geels, F. &  J. Schot (2010). The dynamics of socio-technical transitions: a socio-technical perspective. In Transitions to Sustainable Development: New Directions in the Study of Long Term Transformative Change. London: Routledge.

    Schwartz, P. (1991). The Art of the Long View. New York: Doubleday.

  • 180.
    Enghel, Florencia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Noske-Turner, JessicaUniversity of Leicester.
    Communication in international development: Doing good or looking good?2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International development stakeholders harness communication with two broad purposes: to do good, via communication for development and media assistance, and to communicate do-gooding, via public relations and information. This book unpacks various ways in which different efforts to do good are combined with attempts to look good, be it in the eyes of donor constituencies at large, or among more specific audiences, such as journalists or intra-agency decision-makers.

    Development communication studies have tended to focus primarily on interventions aimed at doing good among recipients, at the expense of examining the extent to which promotion and reputation management are elements of those practices. This book establishes the importance of interrogating the tensions generated by overlapping uses of communication to do good and to look good within international development cooperation.

    The book is a critical text for students and scholars in the areas of development communication and international development and will also appeal to practitioners working in international aid who are directly affected by the challenges of communicating for and about development.

  • 181.
    Engstrand, Klara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Palm, Axel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Likt Homer Simpson kväver Bart": En kvalitativ studie om maktutövning och maskulinitet i Morgonpasset i P32019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify and investigate different behaviors in the conversations between men and women in Morgonpasset i P3. This to determine how the male and female hosts and the guests are speaking to each other in the perspective of masculinity and power. Primarily, behaviors are investigated consisting of power exercises, in the form of master suppression techniques, and masculinity. The analysis is done through a critical discourse analysis, CDA, using lexical choices as an analytical tool. To place the analysis in a theoretical context, relevant research on gender equality, power and radio are presented. The theoretical framework consists of, among others, theories concerning CDA, master suppression techniques, masculinity, media influence and gender. The material for the analysis consists of parts from five selected sections of the Morgonpasset i P3. This material is received from the Swedish Radio website and was broadcasted week 44 in 2018.

    The result of the analysis shows that, from a perspective of power, there are differences in how men and women speak to each other in Morgonpasset i P3, but the difference mainly depends on the individual's personality and not on gender. From a masculinity perspective, the study shows that it is primarily the men who showcase masculine sides or do masculine manifestations i Morgonpasset i P3.

  • 182.
    Enskär, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Ljusegren, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Gimbler Berglund, Ingalill
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Eaton, Nicola
    Harding, Rosemary
    Mokoena, Joyce
    Chauke, Motsedisi
    Moleki, Maria
    Attitudes to and knowledge about pain and pain management, of nurses working with children with cancer: A comparative study between UK, South Africa and Sweden2007In: Journal of Research in Nursing, ISSN 1744-9871, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 501-515Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pain is among the most common effects of cancer and its treatment. Children and young people with cancer often consider pain from procedures and treatment to be the worst aspect of their illness. This study aimed to i) identify and describe knowledge and attitudes to pain and pain management amongst nurses working with children with cancer and ii) compare the perspectives on pain and pain management of nurses from UK, South Africa and Sweden. 106 nurses working with children with cancer in UK, South Africa and Sweden completed Salanterä’s (1999) questionnaire on nurses’ attitudes to pain in children. Nurses had good levels of knowledge and positive attitudes to pain management, with Swedish nurses’ having higher levels of knowledge and a more positive attitude to pain management than nurses from UK or South Africa. A high level of knowledge was correlated to a more positive attitude to pain management. Knowledge levels need to be improved to ensure more positive attitudes to pain management, especially for nurses in South Africa. Swedish nurses’ level of knowledge about non-pharmacological pain management strategies has scope for improvement. British nurses may need to focus more on the sociology and psychology of pain.

  • 183. Era, Pertti
    et al.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Schroll, Marianne
    Psychomotor speed and physical activity in 75-year-old residents in three nordic localities1995In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 195-204Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Ericsson, Iréne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Egen tid = tid för aktivitet2008In: Tidningen Äldreomsorg, ISSN 1403-7025, no 5, p. 52-55Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 185.
    Ericsson, Iréne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Kunskap är inte bara sunt förnuft: en utvärdering av demensutbildning i Aneby kommun2003Report (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Ericsson, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The Ni-Vanuatu RSE-Worker: Earning, Spending, Saving, and Sending2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In April 2007, New Zealand (NZ) launched the Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) scheme.  The scheme allows for unskilled workers from the Pacific Islands to enjoy the benefits of seasonal work in NZ’s horticulture and viticulture industries for up to seven months at a time.  One of the articulated objectives of the scheme is to advance the effects on development in the countries of origin of the workers, for which remittances have been stressed as key-benefits. Although previous data and interviews concerning these aspects are marginal, all studies indicate clear benefits for Pacific Islanders.  In contrast, this study provides the novel insight to the individual views and perceptions of the earning, saving, spending and remittance possibilities of 23 Ni-Vanuatu RSE workers in June of 2008.  The findings indicate an absence of autonomy among the individual RSE workers to decide over and manage the spending of their respective incomes, along with negative implications on the potential for workers to send remittances while working in NZ.  Identified as the primary cause of this outcome, is the dual and simultaneous role that NZ based companies, on the one hand, can play as recruitment agents in Vanuatu, and on the other hand, as pastoral care agents in NZ.  This twofold capacity creates a middle hand situation that severely restricts the possibilities for the workers to access their wages while in NZ.  The conclusion therefore holds that, in this example of 23 Ni-Vanuatu RSE workers, the degree of remittances depends on the type of employment governing the participation of the workers in the scheme, as opposed to the individual spending and saving patterns, differences in earnings, or differences in the availability of work of each worker respectively.

  • 187. Eriksson, Henrik
    et al.
    Sandberg, Jonas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Röster från sidlinje: Form och norm i anhörigspelet2010In: Genusperspektiv på vård och omvårdnad / [ed] H. Strömberg & H. Eriksson, Stockholm: Liber, 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Thorbjörnsson, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    "Klart jag fattar du är orolig": en intervjustudie om hur HVB-hem för ensamkommande barn hanterar informationsstrategier och grannreaktioner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2015 kom fem gånger så många ensamkommande barn till Sverige jämfört med året innan. Detta innebar en stor påfrestning för Sveriges kommuner och för de Hem för vård och boende (HVB-hem) som ansvarar för ensamkommande barn och ungdomar. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur denna belastning påverkade HVB-hemmens verksamhet för ensamkommande barn och att studera de informationsstrategier som används vid etablering av hemmen. Hur har grannar informerats om verksamheterna och hur har de reagerat? Metodiskt bygger studien på individuella semistrukturerade intervjuer och en skriftlig intervju via e-post. Personerna som intervjuades är verksamma vid HVB-hem i olika kommuner i Jönköpings län. Resultatet visar att de två största utmaningarna för HVB-hemmens verksamhet för ensamkommande barn handlade om att få tag i lämpliga lokaler och kompetent personal. De två vanligaste informationsstrategierna som användes var informationsmöten och öppet hus. Fyra kommuner valde dock att hålla en lägre profil och avstå från information till grannar. Vidare visar studien att respondenterna överlag är positivt överraskade över det stora engagemanget de mött från allmänheten och att sådana reaktioner är vanligare än oro. Resultatet analyseras delvis utifrån NIMBY-begreppet och kopplingar görs till de två informationsstrategierna, samverkansansatsen och den autonoma ansatsen. Dessutom belyses skillnader och likheter i relation till tidigare forskning.

  • 189.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    China's aircraft industry: collaboration and technology transfer - the case of Airbus2010In: International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation (IJTTC), ISSN 1470-6075 (print) 1741-5284 (Online), Vol. 9, no 4, p. 306-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    China has moved a long way in economic and industrial development during the last decades and has developed into a global player in many industries. With increased knowledge in high-technology industries, China has ambitions to move into sectors that necessitate a high level of research and development, such as the aerospace industry. China is now in the process of establishing a modern aircraft industry based on domestic efforts as well as agreements with foreign partners in the manufacturing of complete aircraft. This paper analyzes what measures have been taken by Airbus in the form of technology transfer and other supportive measures to strengthen its position in the Chinese market. The findings conclude that Airbus’ transfer should be looked upon as a broad spectrum of technology and knowledge transfer, which include aircraft manufacturing technology, as well as cabin crew training centre, establishment of a warehouse and suppliers ”village”, an engineering centre, maintenance and various service functions.

  • 190.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Editorial: Special issue: globalisation and technology transfer in the aerospace industry2010In: International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation (IJTTC), ISSN 1470-6075 (print) 1741-5284 (Online), Vol. 9, no 4, p. 281-282Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation: Special issue: Globalisation and technology transfer in the aerospace industry2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Technology spillover from the aircraft industry: the case of Volvo Aero2000In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 20, no 12, p. 653-664Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Erlandsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Gårlin, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Om man bara öppnar en dörr, finner man femton miljoner andra dörrar: En studie om hur chefer vid IKEA Jönköping uppfattar arbetsgivarvarumärket2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks chefers uppfattning om vad som attraherar, behåller och utvecklar dem med deras arbete. Syftet är att analysera deras uppfattning av IKEA som arbetsgivarvarumärke samt se hur uppfattningen förändras under deras anställningstid. Bakgrunden till studien baseras på samspelet mellan individ och organisation samt forskning om begreppet arbetsgivarvarumärke. Studien genomförs med en kvalitativ metod och en konstruktionistisk ontologisk utgångspunkt. Empiri samlades in genom sex semistrukturerade intervjuer med chefer på IKEA Jönköping. Vilken sedan analyserades med inspiration av en fenomenografisk utgångspunkt för att finna variationer av uppfattningar. I resultatet urskiljs skillnader i hur cheferna uppfattar arbetsgivarvarumärket i de tre faserna attrahera, behålla och utveckla. Cheferna attraherades av försörjning, anställningstrygghet och personlig utveckling. Deras uppfattning om arbetsgivarvarumärket är i dag mer samstämmig där fokus ligger på organisationskultur och utveckling. Inför framtiden uppfattar respondenterna möjligheten till utveckling som en viktig del av arbetsgivarvarumärket. Genom att samla arbetet kring attrahera, behålla och utveckla personal stärks arbetsgivarvarumärket. Detta är något som kan förtydliga Human Resource avdelningens roll i organisationen.

  • 194.
    Ernsth Bravell, Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Health, functional capacity, formal care, and survival in the oldest old: a longitudinal study2008In: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print), ISSN 0167-4943, E-ISSN 1872-6976, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are surprisingly few longitudinal studies of the oldest old, but these studies are of high importance because the number of oldest old continues to increase in most countries and because of the uniqueness in this population. The aims of this study were to investigate how health, Activities of Daily Living (ADL), and use of care change over time in the oldest old and to seek how differences in health and ADL affect survival of the oldest old. The study was longitudinal in design, and the participants were interviewed by trained nurses. A group of 300 persons was randomly selected from three age-groups; 86, 90, and 94. For the first phase, in 1999, 157 persons could and wanted to participate; from these 98 persons continued to participate in the second phase and 62 in the third. Repeated Measures (GLM) from the oldest old showed a decline in objective health and ADL functioning with increasing age, but subjective health remained positive and stable. The use of formal help increased with age, and once the oldest old entered the old-age care system, it was rare that they returned to independent living. Analysis using a Cox regression model showed that health and ADL functioning significantly predicted survival, but age did not.

  • 195.
    Ernsth Bravell, Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    The Last Year in Life: A Study of the Oldest-Old2007In: Gerontolocial Society of America 60th Annual Scientific Meeting, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 196.
    Ernsth, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Att äta i trädgården....: Ett försök med berikning av vårdtagarnas mat och dryck på trädgårdens äldreboende, Jönköpings kommun2001Report (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Ernsth, Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Gustafsson, Gunnel
    Kartläggning av avlösning och växelvård1998Report (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Ernsth, Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Larsson, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    "Att bo kvar hemma": en kartläggning av kvälls- och nattpatrullernas arbete i Jönköpings kommun2000Report (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Ernsth, Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Gustafsson, Gunnel
    Äldre mellan två stolar?: äldreomsorg och äldrevård i gränslandet mellan landstingets och kommunernas ansvarsområden i Jönköpings län1997Report (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Eskilsson, Carl-Hansi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Ostadig som dagen": En fenomenografisk studie av hur bemanningsanställda upplever trygghet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
1234567 151 - 200 of 600
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