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  • 151.
    Baum, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Boston College, USA.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Credit rating agency downgrades and the Eurozone sovereign debt crises2016In: Journal of Financial Stability, ISSN 1572-3089, E-ISSN 1878-0962, Vol. 24, p. 117-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the reaction of the Euro's value againstmajor currencies to sovereign rating announcements from Moody's, S&P and Fitch CRAs during the Eurozone debt crisis in 2010--2012 based on eventstudy methodology combined with GARCH models. We also analyze how theyields of French, Italian, German and Spanish government long-term bondswere affected by CRA announcements. Our results reveal that CRA downgrades, watchlist and outlook announcements had no impact on the value of the Euro currency but increased exchange rate volatility. At the same time, downgrades as well as negative outlook announcements increased the yields of French, Italian, and Spanish bonds and evenaffected the German bond's yields. This shows that the monetary union hasled to a breakdown of the consequences of the rating shocks between currency value and sovereign bond yields. The reason is that part of the rating shock is absorbed by an internal repricing of sovereign bonds.

  • 152.
    Beheshtitabar, Elham
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Irgaliyev, Asset
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Impact of Economic Freedom on FDI Inflows to Developing Countries: The Case of the Middle East2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the impact of Economic Freedom on FDI inflows to developing countries and the Middle East in particular. Four forms of Economic Freedom were tested as variables determining FDI inflow. These four variables were Freedom from Corruption, Government Size, Trade Freedom and Investment Freedom. Cross-sectional data for twelve Middle Eastern countries and forty-three other developing countries were gathered for 1995 and 2006. It was revealed that only Trade Freedom and Invest-ment Freedom were significant in both Middle East and other regions. Apart from one case, the general positive sign of the significant variables confirms our hypothesis re-garding the positive effects of these Economic Freedoms on FDI inflows. Based on these findings it can be recommended to improve the investment environment and re-duce the barriers to trade in order to attract more FDI.

  • 153.
    Bengtsson, Camilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Olsson, Terese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Donor Behaviour: A Study of Swedish Aid2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses which factors has driven the allocation of Swedish aid between 1975 and 2003. The results are then compared to the official policy. The general goal of Swedish aid is to “help to raise the living standard for the poor”, but there are more factors than income status that affect allocation.

    Allocation of Swedish aid is affected by a set of criteria for the choice of recipient. The details and the goals of aid have changed over time even if the core has remained the same. According to the official policy, Swedish aid should be used to take responsibility across borders, to contribute to a greater common market and a peaceful development. It has been considered important that the recipients’ needs can be matched by Sweden’s capacity and that aid is developed from the recipients’ situation. The recipients’ absorption capacity is thus an important criterion. Summarized, Swedish aid should be used to promote democracy, fight corruption and contribute to more equal societies.

    In this study we do not find any significant relation between the official policy and actual allocation. A Generalized Least Square regression with Random Effects points out only two significant variables, the recipients’ size of trade (openness) and their former (British) colonial status.

    Instead of rewarding open economies, Swedish aid has been allocated to more closed economies which tend to be more corrupt. Although the majority of the recipient countries are former colonies, we find that former British colonies are favoured. This allocation is believed to be a result of the historical development of aid and practical circumstances such as language etc...

  • 154.
    Bengü, Kaya
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    FDI and Growth: The Case of Turkey2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1980 foreign direct investment (FDI) has become the vital determinant of economic growth of the host country. FDI plays important role on improving the host country market, productivity, human capital, and brings new technological progresses, it also creates various job opportunities. Turkey is the unique country among the Islamic and Middle Eastern countries because of her close relationships with European countries, Russia, USA, Asia and Middle East. Her geographical location advantages, cheap labor cost and emerging market potential attract foreign investors. This paper aspires to analyze the impacts of economic growth on FDI in the case of Turkey. Many studies find a positive effect between these variables but it is hard to determine if FDI affects growth or if growth affects FDI. The direction of the causality between FDI and economic growth is examined by using Johansen Cointegration and Granger causality tests. The results show that whilst FDI and growth have long-run relationships, in the short-run the direction of relationship runs from economic growth to FDI. After determining the direction of the causality, time series data of Turkey is used to test if economic growth has significant impact on FDI by applying Ordinary Least Square (OLS) estimation model. The findings turn out that the amount of FDI is affected positively by economic growth in Turkey.

  • 155.
    Benneworth, Paul
    et al.
    Center for Higher Education Policy Studies, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Coenen, Lars
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Exploring the multiple roles of Lund University in strengthening Scania's regional innovation system: Towards institutional learning?2009In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 17, no 11, p. 1645-1664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities are increasingly seen as potential contributors to regional innovative capacity by serving as local knowledge conduits, bringing global state-of-the-art science and technology into the region. In practice, however, more active university engagement with their regional innovation systems is not as straightforward as it may seem. The article uses examples from a successful case by which less successful regions could be inspired. Our analysis considers how various forms of technological learning intersecting within Lund University around three distinct sectoral engagement efforts have been built up and how this created new structural regional innovation capacity.

  • 156.
    Beradovic, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Hennix, Jeanette
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Role of FDI and Openness to Trade in Economic Growth: A study of Africa and Asia2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Economic growth from a globalisation point of view is seen as being impacted to a large extent by two phenomena – foreign direct investments (FDI) and trade. FDI brings many positive spillovers such as technological progress and increases in human capital. Trade can help improve the efficiency of production allocation in which the comparative advantage lies. According to David Nellor (2008) parts of sub-Saharan Africa today experience growth rates similar to those of the first five founding members of ASEAN in the beginning of the 1980’s: Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia.

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to analyse the role of FDI and trade openness in promoting economic growth in Africa and Asia. The contrast in how FDI and openness to trade affect growth rates in these regions in particular is something that has been left out from previous studies. It may give a hint of what factor(s) are important for Africa and Asia to focus on in order to stimulate economic growth. The effects of FDI and trade openness on economic growth are empirically tested using data on a sample of 82 countries in Africa and Asia over the years of 1999-2006. Regressions are conducted using the total sample as well as the regions separately to show on differences of the importance and effects of the explanatory variables in each of the two regions.

    The regression results most often indicate a positive relationship between FDI, trade and their combined effect on economic growth. Despite this the results are weaker than expected and in general insignificant. A possible explanation for the unexpected results may be due to additional forces driving economic growth such as macroeconomic stability, human capital, taxes and inflation all of which have been left out from the estimated model.

     

  • 157.
    Berger, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Welfare Criteria for Policy Making: The BDI Index2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    GDP and GDP per capita are widely used to gauge for living standards across countries. However, they have originally not been constructed for this purpose and are therefore subject to significant limitations. This paper aims at developing a better and non-monetary development index with which cross-country living standards can be assessed. This index, the BDI, can then be utilized for policy making. When constructing the BDI, this study utilizes time series analysis and panel unit root tests. A major finding of this study is that the BDI does indeed produce statistically significantly different results/ rankings for a special set of countries, compared to GDP and GDP per capita.   

  • 158.
    Berhane, Esayas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Role of Government in East Asian Development: Lessons for Ethiopia2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This paper examines the lessons Ethiopia can learn from East Asia’s growth to sustain its recent economic growth. By an in-depth analysis of the role of government in East Asian’s development it provides recommendations for Ethiopia. The study is based on the experiences of South Korea, Taiwan and Japan in the context of three issues: selective intervention policies, coordination problem and export orientation. Results of the study show that governments in East Asia have used phased selective intervention mechanism to nurture their industries and coordinated private investment to ensure national development. They have also targeted export markets to make their firms competitive and upgrade exports from primary products to higher value goods. The selective intervention suggests a greater role for government, however targeting of exports and the efficiency from international competition indicates the virtue of market mechanisms as well. Government intervention however must be phased, moving from targeting primary products to higher value goods. This paper suggests that government intervention has to be supplemented by a government-firm relationship that avoids too much government autonomy, which is meant to solve rent-seeking problem. Rent-seeking problem can instead be solved through performance requirement and time limits on protection.

  • 159.
    Berlin, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Carin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Decreasing the Regional Disparities through the EU’s Structural Fund Policy: A Study on the Impact of the Structural Fund Policy on Sweden’s Regional Growth2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the impact of the EU’s Structural Fund (SF) policy between 2000-2007 on regional economic growth in Sweden. A regional convergence analysis is performed in order to examine if the SF policy’s overall aim of convergence is reached. Furthermore the study examines the growth of important Structural Fund goal indicators as employment, education and new firm formation in the Objective 1, 2 and 3 areas. The main growth- and convergence theories and their connection to regional policies such as the SF policy is used as the theoretical framework and form the study’s hypothesis.

    The results show that absolute β-convergence exists between the Swedish urban areas. The growth of the goal indicators show that the Objective 1 and 2 areas, which received most part of the SF support have achieved their aims in increasing employment and new firm creation. In addition the Objective 2 areas have increased their share of population with higher education compared to the areas that did not receive either Objective 1 or 2 support. The Objective 3 areas, which received the least part of the SF support had a lower mean growth in employment than the areas that received no direct Objective 3 support. In addition the urban areas that only received Objective 3 support had a lower growth in share of population with higher education. From the results we can reach the overall conclusion that the positive impact of the SF policy on the goal indicators seem to be the largest in the areas that received most part of the funding. The final conclusion is that the SF are effective in enhancing economic growth in the areas of intervention.

     

  • 160.
    Berntsson, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ill-health in Sweden: A regional Perspective2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the regional development of ill-health and the purpose is to analyse factors that tend to influence the Swedish ill-health. Theory of household choice between work and leisure is used when analysing the results of the empirical study. The background for this thesis is derived from the development of ill-health that has increased with 5.1 days between the years 2000 and 2004. The empirical findings show that unemployment has a positive relationship with ill-health and that women tend to be more ill than men. Furthermore, the results confirm that income has a negative relationship with ill-health and this is also true for large companies. Consequently, small companies have positive influence on ill-health and an analysis of the municipalities in the northern part of Sweden points out a higher number of ill-health than the other municipalities. Moreover, the individuals’ age is also a factor that can explain the development of ill-health. These findings confirm that unemployment, gender, income, size of company, age, and the municipalities in the north-ern part are factors that can explain the development of ill-health. However, other factors are important in the process as well.

  • 161.
    Berntsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Operating with Options: A Study of Volatility2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag haft intentionen att försöka förklara vikten av att ha en uppfattning av volatilitet när man handlar med Optioner. Syftet har varit att analysera ifall man kan lära sig från volatilitetens historia, och ifall historisk volatilitet är bättre på att indikera framtida volatilitet än marknadens volatilitet, även kallad den implicita volatiliteten. Syftet har även varit att undersöka ifall det går att göra vinst på Optioner om man har en annan uppfatt-ning om den framtida volailiteten.

    I uppsatsen har jag använt mig av Black, Scholes and Mertons epokavgörande teori om hur man prissätter Optioner, den så kallade Black-Scholes ekvationen. Från den ekvationen har jag erhålligt volailiteten i OMX index Optioner, den implicita volatiliteten. Black-Scholes ekvationen har likaså använts för att härleda denna faktiska och historiska volaliteten. För att kunna utnyttja en annan uppfattning om den framtida volaliteten än marknadens så har jag presenterat ett antal olika Options strategier.

    De slutsatser som jag har kunnat dra från år 2001 OMX index Optioner är att den implicita volaliteten verkar vara bättre på att förutspå den faktiska volaliteten än den historiska vola-tiliteten. Ingen av dem är en perfekt indikator på den faktiska volatiliteten men i genomsnitt så skiljer sig den implicita mindre från den faktiska än den historiska.

    För att sammanfatta volalitetens historia så kan man påstå att volatiliteten som reflekteras i Optionspriset sällan stämmer överens med den faktiska volatiliteten. Ingen sitter på Op-tionsmarknaden med en kristallkula och kan förutspå volatiliteten perfekt hela tiden. Sam-tidigt är det just skillnader i volatilitetstro mellan de olika aktörerna i en Optionsaffär som skapar handel och som gör Optioner till ett så användbart och intressant instrument.

  • 162. Bersisa, Mekkonen
    et al.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Multidimensional Measure of Poverty in Ethiopia: Factor and Stochastic Dominance Analysis2016In: Poverty and Well-Being in East Africa: A Multi-faceted Economic Approach / [ed] Almas Heshmati, Springer, 2016, , p. 281p. 215-238Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study did an in-depth analysis of multidimensional poverty in rural and small towns in Ethiopia. As social well-being or poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon, using a multidimensional measure of poverty helps circumvent problems surrounding the conventional measures of poverty and helps show clearly the realities of households. In this line, our analysis used six dimensions with 14 indicators to construct a multidimensional index of poverty using first rounds of Ethiopian Rural Households’ Socioeconomic Survey data set. The study also employed a factor analysis for determining relative weights in computing a multidimensional index and did an in-depth analysis of stochastic dominancy of poverty for different segments of society. Besides, a comparison of the extent of poverty using the conventional measure of poverty and the multidimensional approach was also done. The results reveal that intensity, severity, and depth of poverty vary considerably across the two measures. Moreover, demographic, regional, and household heads’ characteristics are major factors in determining poverty.

  • 163. Bettinelli, C.
    et al.
    Dossena, G.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Entrepreneurial propensity: An Empirical Investigation2010In: En­trepreneurship Today / [ed] Dossena, G., Milano: McGraw-Hill, 2010, p. 49-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Bhandari, A. K.
    et al.
    Department of Economics, University of Kalyani, West Bengal, India.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Techno-Economics and Policy Program, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Bldg # 38, San 56-1, Shinlim-dong, Kwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, South Korea.
    Labour use and its adjustment in Indian manufacturing Industries2005In: Global Economic Review, ISSN 1226-508X, E-ISSN 1744-3873, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 261-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study provides an empirical investigation of the adjustment process of labour in Indian manufacturing industries, which evolved through structural transformation in the era of globalization. The analysis is based on a dynamic model applied to a panel of 22 two-digit manufacturing industries for the time period of 22 years covering 1980/1981 to 2001/2002. It is assumed that as competition increases industries adjust their employment to a desired level which is both industry and time specific. The results indicate that the manufacturing sector has shown a considerable dynamism in adjusting its workforce. The long-run labour demand responds greatest to the output, followed by capital and least by wages. It is observed that Indian manufacturing is not inefficient in labour use as modest speed of adjustment has led employment size closer to the optimal level. ©2005 Institute of East and West Studies, Yonsei University, Seoul.

  • 165.
    Bhandari, A. K.
    et al.
    The Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management (IISWBM), Management House, College Square West, Kolkata-700 073, India.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Department of Food and Resource Economics College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Anam-dong Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-701, South Korea.
    Willingness to pay for biodiversity conservation2010In: Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, ISSN 1054-8408, E-ISSN 1540-7306, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 612-623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature-based tourism is the fastest growing tourism in many parts of the world. The attitude toward conservation of nature is measured by individuals’ willingness to pay. This study has made an attempt to investigate the determinants of tourists’ willingness to pay (WTP) for biodiversity conservation. The determinants include a combination of socio-economic and site-specific characteristics of tourists. The study was conducted in Sikkim, which is India’s prime nature-based tourism destination. Results show WTP, and effects of education, and income of tourists. Among site-specific characteristics, length of stay and number of spots are the significant determinants ofWTP. This empirical research is a valuable input to identify market segment among tourists, which might help to generate more revenues for biodiversity conservation in Sikkim. ©Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 166.
    Bhandari, Amit Kumar
    et al.
    University of Kalyani.
    Heshmati, Almas
    TEPP, Seoul National University, Ratio Institute and IZA Bonn.
    Wage Inequality and Job Insecurity Among Permanent and Contract Workers in India: Evidence from Organized Manufacturing Industries2008In: The ICFAI Journal of Applied Economics, ISSN 0972-6861, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 80-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early 1990s, the employment structure of organized manufacturing industries in India has undergone substantial changes with steep rise in the use of contract workers in place of permanent workers. This process has led to increased wage inequality, discrimination as well as concern of job insecurity in the labor market. The paper focuses on wage inequality between permanent and contract workers, since contract workers earn substantially lower wages than their counterparts. The study uses data at the individual level from a recent labor survey of organized manufacturing industries in the India. The lower wage earned by contract workers is largely due to cost cutting, rather than differences in labor productivity. The issue of job insecurity has been modeled in the form of a binary logistic model. The factors affecting job security are divided into productivity-related attributes such as level of education and skill, and institutional attributes such as labor market rules and regulations and union membership. Contrary to the general expectation, the study finds that permanent workers are more concerned regarding job insecurity than the contract workers.

  • 167. Bitzer, Juergen
    et al.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    A Schumpeter-inspired Approach to the Construction of R&D Capital Stocks2007In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 179-189Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 168. Bjellerup, Mårten
    et al.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    A simple multivariate test for asymmetry2009In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 41, no 11, p. 1405-1416Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 169.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Knowledge flows across space and firms2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation consists of four separate papers and an introductory chapter. The four papers can be read independently of each other but are held together by concepts around embodied knowledge: knowledge embodied in products and embodied knowledge flows. Thus the papers mainly contribute to the empirical literature on firm and regional knowledge. The rapid growth of knowledge-based industries is one of the prominent features of post-industrialism and economic growth in the industrialised part of the world.

    The first paper investigates the residential choice of Swedish university graduates after graduation. It also analyses what factors make them move away from their graduation region. In addition to individual characters such as age and gender, there are also regional characteristics that can either retain graduates or make them choose another residence region. The results of this paper show that large and growing regions are good at keeping their graduates but are also good at attracting graduates from other regions.  

    The second paper examines what regional characteristics are preferable attributes in order to renew regional exports in the manufacturing sector with export products from other regions. The results indicate that to do so, regions need a specialised export support system and a large amount of sector-related knowledge.

    The third paper deals with the issue of how industries and regions absorb new knowledge. Focusing on the role of regional high-quality import flows, the results of this paper show that imports play an important role in regional high-quality export renewal.

    The fourth paper investigates how creative labour inflow affect the productivity in firms in knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS). Labour inflow bring new knowledge and increase firm productivity but only if the incoming knowledge is firm-related, which means that the firm can absorb this new knowledge and incorporate and add it into the existing knowledge stock.

  • 170.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Jonkoping Int Business Sch, Box 1026 551 11, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Swedish Board Agr, Box 1026 551 11, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Knowledge in agriculture: a micro data assessment of the role of internal and external knowledge in farm productivity in Sweden2016In: Studies in Agricultural Economics, ISSN 1418-2106, E-ISSN 2063-0476, Vol. 118, no 2, p. 68-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact of internal and external knowledge on firm productivity in the Swedish agricultural sector. It combines theories from regional economics about the geographical aspects of knowledge with traditional theories on the role of knowledge in productivity in agriculture. The study is a firm-level analysis using an unbalanced panel between the years 2002 and 2011 in Sweden. The results show that these firms are positively affected by employees with formal education related to the sector. Higher knowledge levels have a greater impact than lower levels. External knowledge, such as localised spillovers, is also important, but the results on this factor are more ambiguous.

  • 171.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Regional Export Growth: The Impact of Access to R&D2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master thesis is to study whether a high accessibility to R&D performed by firms and universities respectively generate export growth. This sug-gestion is founded in the theory of the product cycle why this thesis also scrutinizes its validity. Firms in a region which have a high access to knowledge and research should have a front position within export. This access can be sub-divided into the unit of performance or with respect to the geographical location.

    Due to the data used in the analysis and its complexity, the final result is an indica-tion rather than precise. The accessibility is doubtlessly of major importance for the export growth but the subdivisions give different results. Research performed by firms seems to affect the export growth positively irrespective of the localisation. Also, the external accessibility to firm research has a larger impact on the export growth than if it is performed internally.

    The access to research performed by universities gives the most notable results. Without statistical significance a tendency can only be distinguished. The research performed by universities seems more difficult to absorb by firms irrespective of geographical location. The relation between firms and universities may be two folded where it is positive as well as competitive.

  • 172.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Företagande och arbetsliv i Sveriges lands- och stadsbygder2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Både den ekonomiska och demografiska utvecklingen skiljer sig mycket åt mellan olika delar av Sverige. Det finns regioner som visar stark tillväxt i befolkning, inkomster, sysselsättning och företagande. Samtidigt finns det svagare regioner där såväl befolkning, som sysselsättning och arbetsställen minskar. Generellt sett är det storstadsregionerna som står för den starkaste utvecklingen i både demografiska och ekonomiska termer. Vad gäller stads- och landsbygdsområden utanför storstäderna finns en stor variation i tillväxt under det senare decennierna.Denna rapport ger en bred översikt av utvecklingen av näringsliv och arbetsmarknader i Sveriges olika regioner. Rapporten baseras på officiell statistik, vilken presenteras och diskuteras med stöd i och referenser till relevant forskning. Syftet med rapporten är att beskriva den långsiktiga utvecklingen och dess bakomliggande orsaker, med fokus på näringslivets förändring och därtill kopplade förändringar i efterfrågan och utbud av olika typer av arbetskraft i olika typer av regioner. Målsättningen är att ge en nyanserad bild av utvecklingen av näringsliv och företagande i Sveriges olika landsbygdsområden i jämförelse med utvecklingen i städer och storstadsregioner.

  • 173.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Patterns of innovation and collaboration in small and large firms2015In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 221-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the patterns of innovation and collaboration by using unique regional survey data on more than 600 Swedish firms. The data also include the smallest firms, which have been largely neglected in the existing literature on innovations. In the context of collaboration, however, small firms are of particular interest because external interactions and joint projects can be expected to play a very central role in innovation processes in firms where internal resources are very limited. The results show that the probability of innovation is higher among collaborating firms, yet not all types of collaborations matter. Extra-regional collaborations appear as most important in promoting firm innovation, and collaboration seems to be most favourable when the partners involved have some organizational or knowledge relatedness. Small firms, in particular, seem to gain from such extra-regional linkages.

  • 174.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Arbete och liv på landsbygden: Landsbygdens förutsättningar i kunskapsekonomin2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett hållbart samhälle bygger på att resurser används på ett effektivt sätt. En effektiv ekonomi bygger på att olika typer av verksamheter utförs på de platser där de kan utföras på ett effektivt sätt. Vissa platser har bättre förutsättningar för att skapa ekonomiskt välstånd. Både teoretisk och empirisk forskning visar att produktivitet, förnyelse och tillväxt gynnas av den täthet och mångfald som finns i befolkningstäta områden. Detta gäller inte minst för kunskapsintensiva verksamheter, vilka tenderar att koncentreras till urbana miljöer. Syftet med denna studie är att ge en översikt över vilka utvecklingsvägar som finns för landsbygden i en ekonomi som i växande grad koncentreras till kunskapsintensiva verksamheter.

    Denna studie belyser det faktum att landsbygden, trots urbaniseringskrafter, är en fördelaktig plats för verksamheter som är direkt beroende av fasta naturtillgångar som återfinns utanför urbana miljöer. Landsbygden är således en fördelaktig plats för att bedriva råvaruproduktion, tillverkningsindustri samt för många företag som är inriktade på exportmarknader. Även den småskaliga livsmedelsindustrin och delar av besöksnäringen drar nytta av landsbygdens specifika resurser. Det är främst inom besöksnäring, rekreation och småskalig förädling som man kan se en potential för sysselsättningstillväxt på landsbygden, eftersom stora delar av den storskaliga industriproduktionen fortgående ersätter arbetskraft med kapital och därmed visar på en svag tillväxt i sysselsättning.

    Både småskalig livsmedelsförädling och besöksnäring är växande branscher i flera landsbygdskommuner, inte minst i fjällvärlden och i kustområdena. Man ser emellertid också att det finns många platser i Götalands och Svealands inland som har en stark livsmedelsproduktion (både storskalig och småskalig) och dessutom har en attraktiv miljö för friluftsliv och därtill kopplad besöksnäring.

    Avgörande för möjligheterna till ekonomisk tillväxt på landsbygden är att miljön är attraktiv. Viktigt för att skapa en attraktiv miljö är att landskapet är varierat, och för detta förutsätts i många avseenden ett aktivt jordbruk. Jordbruksproduktion är nödvändig för att hålla marken öppen och bidrar till en stor artrikedom och bevarade natur- och kulturmiljöer. Att odlingslandskapet bevaras torde vara av stor vikt för landsbygdens långsiktigt positiva utveckling.

    En annan förutsättning för att en plats ska visa på en långsiktigt positiv utveckling är att det finns en lokal marknad med stark köpkraft. Denna studie visar att en kommun behöver ha ett lokalt tätortscentrum med minst ca 25 000 invånare för att den förväntade befolkningsutvecklingen ska vara positiv. Närhet till grannkommuner med större tätortscentra inom avstånd som upplevs som pendlingsbara, kan kompensera avsaknaden av egen större tätort.

    Avsaknad av en köpstark lokalbefolkning kan också kompenseras av en stark besöksnäring, vilken temporärt flyttar den inhemska köpkraften från storstadsregionerna till landsbygden. Ytterligare köpkraft kan också komma från utländska besökare. Det tycks finnas ett ömsesidigt positivt samband mellan besöksnäring och uppkomst av småskaliga lokala produkter i vissa delar av landet. Många sådana produkter har en direkt koppling till det lokala jordbruket, vilket påtalar jordbrukets roll för en levande landsbygd.

  • 175.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Handelskontakter i Borås: en studie av export- och importflöden2006Report (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Metropolitan Regions and Product Innovation2009Report (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Moving home again? Never! The locational choices of graduates in Sweden2017In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 707-729Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two major challenges in Europe’s rural areas are an aging population and the diminishing share of human capital. While this pattern has been occurring for a long time, the effects are becoming acutely visible and impactful. The long-term loss of younger individuals has in many ways “drained” the labor market and the economic market power of rural areas. This is the context of our research: the locational choice of university graduates from an urban–rural perspective. Using micro data covering the entire Swedish population, we identify all university graduates from the year 2001. We analyze them with respect to whether they live in a rural or urban region before starting university and where they live after graduation at two points in time: 5 and 10 years. We use a series of multinomial logit regressions to determine what factors affect their short-term and long-term choices of location. We find that having children is one of the most influential factors for moving back home after graduation, irrespective of type of region. We find only minor differences between the two time perspectives.

  • 178.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ingen tillväxt utan tillitsfrämjande lagstiftning: Robert D Cooter och Hans-Bernd Schäfer: Solomon’s Knot: How Law Can End the Poverty of Nations, Princeton University Press, 2012, 344 sidor, 978-0-69114-792-52015In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 83-87Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 179.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Ratio Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.;Jonkoping Int Business Sch, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Marginal q revisited2016In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 52-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two measures of firm investment behaviour used in the empirical research are Tobin's q (average q) and marginal q. The marginal q is a more recently introduced measure than Tobin's q and is not as well known. This article aims to demonstrate the advantages of using marginal q as a performance measure and is a response to an earlier critical article (Berglund, 2011) claiming an elusiveness bias. The pro arguments made in response are that the claimed elusiveness is not a problem. Furthermore, many of the evaluation problems inherent in the empirical use of Tobin's q, like estimation of replacement cost of assets, can be avoided. From a pure theoretical standpoint, it has long been recognized that marginal q is superior to an average measure of investment behaviour such as Tobin's q.

  • 180.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    ”Specialisering, marknad och företag” bokanmälan av Per Bylund: The Problem of Production: A New Theory of the Firm, Foutledge, 20172018In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 83-86Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Kommunal markskatt är mycket bättre2006In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, Vol. 22 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 182.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bohman, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ownership, control and performance in the most actively traded companies on Stockholm stock exchange: A comparison between 1999 and 20012006In: Corporate ownership & control, ISSN 1727-9232, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 146-155Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Domeij, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet.
    Horn, Anna
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sverige måste hantera patent snabbare2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, Vol. 13 novemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 184.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Dzansi, James
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Remittances and Investment2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Svenska storföretag måste höja sina aktieutdelningar2010In: Dagens Industri, Vol. 6 aprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 186.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    The cost of legal uncertainty: The impact of insecure property rights on cost of capital2009In: The Modern Firm, Corporate Governance and Investment / [ed] Per-Olof Bjuggren, Dennis C. Mueller, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 167-184Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 187.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Eklund, Johan E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Ownership structure, control and firm performance: The effects of vote-differentiated shares2007In: Applied Financial Economics, ISSN 0960-3107, E-ISSN 1466-4305, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 1323-1334Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Eklund, Johan E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ändra hellre skattereglerna än lex Leo2007In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, Vol. 24 aprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 189.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS). Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Wiberg, Daniel
    The Swedish Federation of Business Owners, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Institutional ownership and returns on investment2016In: Corporate Ownership & Control, ISSN 1727-9232, E-ISSN 1810-3057, Vol. 13, no 4Cont3, p. 419-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how institutional investors influence investment decisions and returns on investment. To measure investment performance, we use marginal q, which measures the ratio of the return on investment to the cost of capital. Institutional owners are found to have a positive but marginally diminishing effect on performance. Our paper uses longitudinal data on Swedish firms from 1999 to 2005; during this period, the ownership structure of Swedish firms underwent dramatic changes as institutional investors increased their ownership shares, while ownership by Swedish households decreased. However, controlling owners - who were often founding families - maintained their control of firms by resorting to extensive use of dual-class shares. This was an important determinant of firm performance that eradicated the positive influence of institutional ownership.

  • 190.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Laufer, Michel Elmoznino
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Startups, financing and geography – findings from a survey2018In: Geography, open innovation and entrepreneurship / [ed] U. Gråsjö, C. Karlsson, & I. Bernhard, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 257-284Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Mueller, Dennis, C.University of Vienna, Austria.
    The Modern Firm, Corporate Governance and Investment2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    A contractual perspective of the firm with an application to the maritime Industry2009In: The Modern Firm, Corporate Governance and Investment, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar , 2009, 1, p. 63-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Sund, Lars-Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    A Transaction Cost Rationale for Transition of the Firm within the Family2002In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 123-133Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 194.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Sund, Lars-Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Organization of transfers of small and medium-sized enterprises within the family: Tax law considerations2005In: Family Business Review, ISSN 0894-4865, E-ISSN 1741-6248, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 305-319Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Sund, Lars-Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Strategic Decision Making in Intergenerational Successions of Small- and Medium-Size Family-Owned Businesses2001In: Family Business Review, ISSN 0894-4865, E-ISSN 1741-6248, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 11-23Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 196.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Ownership, Succession and Entrepreneurship in an Aging Society: Is There a Transition Problem?2009In: Innovation, Agglomeration and Regional Competition / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson & Roger R. Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 57-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Björkman, Adam
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Rodriguez, Oscar Andres
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Migration in the European Union: Determinants and Effects of Enlargement2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an empirical analysis of the determinants of migration in the European Union with a focus on how enlargements and labour market restrictions affect migration flows. As of 2017, there are five potential candidates that can be part of the next enlargement. Therefore, it is important to analyse if the migration patterns changed with the expansion of the European Union in 2004 and 2007. In the analysis, we estimate the bilateral migration flows from ten origin countries to eleven destination countries in the period 1997-2014 by means of panel least squares. As a theoretical framework, we use the gravity model of migration to analyse the flows while assuming that individuals migrate based on a cost-benefit analysis. The results from the analysis indicate that the migration flows increased significantly in the years that the labour market restrictions were removed. Furthermore, the results from the EU enlargement show a positive effect on migration, although they are not significant across all specifications.

  • 198.
    Blick, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Mårtenson, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    FDI Impact on Gross Profit, Wages and Labour Productivity: A Study of Swedish Firms in the Industrial Goods and Services Sector2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses what effects foreign direct investments (FDI) has on a firm’s gross profit, wages and labour productivity. Focus is on the Swedish industrial goods and service sector which has shown on a rapid growth of offshore production. We use a theoretical framework with FDI and productivity theories. As a result of cost efficient alternatives to domestic production, a firm’s productivity should fall in the case of increased foreign production. Although, the increase in gross profit should rule out the negative affect that a decrease in productivity cause.

    There is a positive relationship between offshore production and gross profits, and expanded foreign production leads to a decreased wage rate. However, increased foreign employment showed a boost the labour productivity, which is wrong from a theoretical point of view.

  • 199.
    Bo, Pingjing
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Manduchi, Agostino
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Disclosure-based price discrimination by information exchange platforms2017In: Information Economics and Policy, ISSN 0167-6245, E-ISSN 1873-5975, Vol. 41, p. 54-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumers often face a trade off when considering whether to share more information with firms - for example, by letting an app access their list of contacts, location or browsing history. More precise information can help the sellers to make more targeted offers, and can yield multiple relevant offers and lower prices. However, information disclosure can entail costs via identity theft, fraud, extortion etc. In this paper, we explore this trade-off in a model in which a monopoly platform can gather personal customer information, and offer it to other sellers. The consumers differ relatively to their aversion to information disclosure, and the platform can offer them menus with different disclosure levels. In equilibrium, options featuring greater disclosure levels command a premium, and information about the consumers choosing them is sold to the sellers at a lower price. If we compare scenarios with alternative menus, a greater number of options corresponds to a greater average disclosure level and a greater surplus. If the potential surplus from the induced exchanges is relatively large, equilibrium with a binary menu features levels of the platform’s profit and the surplus close to those achieved with a continuum of offers.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-09-02 08:00
  • 200.
    Bo, Pingjing
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Manduchi, Agostino
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Informative transactions, disclosure and privacy2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates a model in which a monopolist obtains information about her customers’ preferences by delivering her product, and can disclose the same information to other sellers, at a price. More refined information is a more effective facilitator of further exchanges, and boosts competition among the sellers using it, but entails a greater nuisance for the consumers. The actual nuisance implied by any given disclosure level differs across consumers. The monopolist makes two alternative offers. In equilibrium, the prices can induce too many consumers to choose the low disclosure-offer, the disclosure levels can be inconsistent with surplus maximization, and the average disclosure level is lower than the surplus-maximizing one. A lower proportional participation of the monopolist in the profits from the induced exchanges typically entails more differentiated disclosure levels; the response of the average level is non-monotonic. The high disclosure-offer can feature a higher price, due to the higher probability of further trade and to the more intense competition among the sellers.

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