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  • 151.
    Resmini, Andrea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Tan, He
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Adlemo, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics.
    #ViewFromTheOffice - Reconceptualizing the Workplace as an Information-based Ecosystem2016In: Proceedings of the 6th STS Conference on Socio-technical Ecosystems, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Rosén, Bengt Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Industrial Design.
    Bergman, Martin
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Affective Surface Engineering: the art of creating emotional response from surfaces2015In: 15th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces, Charlotte, March 2-5, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Rosén, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Industrial design.
    Tool unit designed for equine dentistry2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most people have experienced toothache and know how much it effects the health. It hurts to eat, it ́s hard to sleep and sometimes a small gesture as a smile is avoided because it pains to much. Of course animals have the same issue and feel pain but they can’t tell us how they feel, instead we have to look for signs from their behavior. The recommendation to regularly check the horse’s teeth does minimize the risk of pain. The knowledge within the field of equine dentistry is on the rise and educations and regulations is developing to give the best dental care possible. This has created a need of the right tools adopted to this specific field and this is where a company like Accesia has a chance to be at the forefront of this development. Accesia is a company that have developed tools and educations about the animal dental profession since 2009. Until now the focus has been on smaller animals like cats, dogs and rodents but now they are widening their customer field and develops for this new market, equine dentistry. To get a understanding of this new customers some field studies has been performed and needs that are separate from the previous customer needs has been identified. It ́s not only the size that differs from the dentist working with cats and dogs, it ́s also the working environment and the anatomic conditions that looks completely different.

    For this thesis the main goal has been to identify how a unit for the tools used by equine dentists should be structured and what parts that should be included to endure the transportation and environment where it will be used. To gain this information, several interviews were conducted with the main users and the experts working on Accesia. The gathered information where later analyzed, concretized and explored in a product concept.

    This report will go through the different stages in the design process that led to a final design concept which were presented with a prototype and posters at a thesis fair organized by Jönköping University.

  • 154.
    Rundberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Oskarsson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    RESHORING: När svenska företag återvänder2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The study aims to investigate the drivers and enablers Swedish companies’ have when reshoring. To fulfill the purpose of the study, two research questions have been formulated:

    1. What drivers do Swedish companies’ have for reshoring?
    2. What enablers do Swedish companies’ have for reshoring?

    Method – In order to fulfill the purpose of the study, a literature review and a case study of three manufacturing companies was conducted. The literature review was conducted to create a theoretical framework of drivers and enablers when reshoring and the case study consisted of interviews and document studies which generated empirical data. This data was analyzed and the theory of reshoring has been developed and updated through the results of this study.

    Findings – In this study, 19 of the 45 drivers and 7 of the 19 enablers identified in theory are confirmed. The study shows that it is not only one driver or one enabler behind Swedish companies' reshoring decisions, it is a combination of many. The study also identifies 15 new drivers and 12 new enablers to Swedish companies when reshoring. These new drivers and enablers are not considered specific for Swedish companies, but can be seen as general. However, further research is required to confirm this.

    The study shows that there are major differences in the drivers and enablers for Swedish companies when reshoring, as only four drivers and four enablers are confirmed by more than one case company. Even though the case companies all are manufacturing companies, they differ in several aspects and have different conditions. This has resulted in the study showing a variety of drivers and enablers and that a number of new drivers and enablers have been identified. This confirms that more research of this type, about reshoring in a Swedish context, is needed to identify more drivers and enablers and fill the gap that exists in the theory.

    Implications – Since research about reshoring is fairly unexplored, the theoretical implications of this study have been to partially fill the gap of knowledge about drivers and enablers, as new ones have been identified at the case companies. However, the study has also contributed with a new dimension as it separates drivers and enablers from one another, something that is not clearly made in the existing theory. Furthermore, a suggestion of how the drivers and enablers can be categorized is presented. From a practical perspective, this study has given companies wishing to reshore, other companies experiences of reshoring. This can facilitate decision making, as decisions to a greater extent can be based on facts rather than gut feeling. This may result in companies becoming more competitive and long-term strengthening their survival.

    Limitations – The limitations of the study consists of the fact that only three companies were included in the case study and that only one person was interviewed from each case company. Had more companies and more respondents been included in the case study, more drivers and enablers probably would have been identified. Furthermore, the generalization is also limited by the fact that only manufacturing companies have been included in the study. Companies in the service sector have been reshoring, and if any of these companies were included in the study, other drivers and enablers would probably have been identified.

  • 155.
    Runslätt, Emilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Sundqvist, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Minska ångest i väntrumsmiljöer med belysning: Effekten av ljusnivå, ljusupplevelse och fönster ur ett patientperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Waiting rooms and anxiety have a strong connection with each other. Most of the Sweden's population visit a waiting room as patient at least once a year. At present, the lighting is primarily planned for the health professionals´ needs and conditions. Because of this, the lighting environment and the waiting room experience for patients suffers. To be able to create satisfying waiting room environments, this study wants to examine whether there is a connection between anxiety and light level. Also, it studies how the light will be experienced and if windows with views affects patient’s anxiety.  The study examined the influence of low and high illuminance and the influence of windows on anxiety. In addition, it was investigated how different room shapes and lighting solution affect the experience of the light environment and the environmental impact on the mood. With the help of a prestudy, an experiment could be designed where four different light scenes were tested. To investigate whether windows and views have an impact, two types of test rooms have been created: one with windows and one without windows. The participants in the study consisted of 16 women and 8 men with a mixture of students and professionals who had to answer 5 questionnaires. The questionnaires were developed from well-validated methods to get answers from the participants regarding how they have felt the last two weeks. Also, how the participants felt and experienced the light scenes during the experiment, in order to be able to answer the questions of the study.  The result showed no significant differences regarding the effect of illuminance or window on anxiety. The result showed however that there were significant differences in the light experience when it comes to brightness, safety, colour of the light and glare. The conclusion of the study is that the lighting can affect the light experience and the mood. But more research is needed when it comes to illuminance and windows and views impact on anxiety.

  • 156.
    Rösiö, Carin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Focusing Early Phases in Production System Design2014In: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 440, Springer, 2014, p. 100-107Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a well-known fact that it is in the early phases of production system design where the most important decisions are made. If the production system is not designed in a proper way, this will eventually end up with disturbances and problems during serial production and it is in the early phases the potential to influence is greatest. The purpose with this paper is therefore to describe how to work and what activities to focus on in early phases of production system design by proposing a structured production system design model focusing on the early phases which can be applied by practitioners and academics. Six production system design projects were studied in three real-time case studies and three retrospective case studies. Combined with literature studies a production system design model is developed describing the initial phases of initiation, project definition and concept including activities and decision points. 

  • 157.
    Rösiö, Carin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production. Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Anette
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Early production involvement in new product development2015In: POMS 26th Annual Conference POMS, Production and Operations Management Society (POMS) , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In early phases of production system design important decisions are made that set prerequisites for the whole project. However, production engineers often gets involved when the decisions already are made. This paper aims to develop support for early production involvement founded on multiple case studies.

  • 158.
    Saenyi, Betty
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Opportunities and challenges of Big Data Analytics in healthcare: An exploratory study on the adoption of big data analytics in the Management of Sickle Cell Anaemia.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With increasing technological advancements, healthcare providers are adopting electronic health records (EHRs) and new health information technology systems. Consequently, data from these systems is accumulating at a faster rate creating a need for more robust ways of capturing, storing and processing the data. Big data analytics is used in extracting insight form such large amounts of medical data and is increasingly becoming a valuable practice for healthcare organisations. Could these strategies be applied in disease management? Especially in rare conditions like Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)? The study answers the following research questions;1. What Data Management practices are used in Sickle Cell Anaemia management?2. What areas in the management of sickle cell anaemia could benefit from use of big data Analytics?3. What are the challenges of applying big data analytics in the management of sickle cell anaemia?Purpose: The purpose of this research was to serve as pre-study in establishing the opportunities and challenges of applying big data analytics in the management of SCDMethod: The study adopted both deductive and inductive approaches. Data was collected through interviews based on a framework which was modified specifically for this study. It was then inductively analysed to answer the research questions.Conclusion: Although there is a lot of potential for big data analytics in SCD in areas like population health management, evidence-based medicine and personalised care, its adoption is not a surety. This is because of lack of interoperability between the existing systems and strenuous legal compliant processes in data acquisition.

  • 159.
    Salmani, Mona
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Cost Modelling of Resources in the Personnel Life Cycle: A case study of the Swedish Air Force2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past few years, the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) in similarity with forces inmany other countries has been undergoing a major process of change. One of the majorreforms is the government‘s decision to replace the compulsory military service with aprofessional army. In order to manage this, SAF requires tools to evaluate the long-termconsequences of different decisions regarding its manpower, such as different recruitment,training and educations policies, mission rehearsal, mission planning, and etc.These tools should, for instance, include information about different type of resourcessuch as weapon systems and materials required for conducting training and missions, asthey directly affect planning of courses, training sessions, etc. These resources have a totallife cycle cost that besides the acquisition cost includes maintenance costs, cost forspare parts and cost of human resources which are required for training and deploymentof the resource.This thesis has been performed in collaboration with FOI (Swedish Defence ResearchAgency) in order to support development of a decision support simulation tool for assistingin the personnel planning process of the SAF. The main objective is to determinethe connection between LCC (Life cycle cost) of personnel and LCC of system Hence,the study facilitates flow of information between the Human Resource Department atSAF and the Defence Material Administration (FMV) in order to base their decisionmaking process on more accurate and complete information about resource costs relatedto different activities that are important to both organizations.In this paper, the inductive approach is the chosen approach as appropriate theories arestudied and used for making hypothesis in order to create a new model. Consequentlythe interpretive approach is deployed as it is associated with this reasoning style. Furthermore,the research purpose is exploratory as it is essential to identify the resourcescost factors and the relations between them.The research strategy is case study and the utilized technique for collecting primary datais interview. The secondary data is gathered by studying hard or digital copy of books,articles, journals, handbooks and dictionaries.Hence, through a set of interviews, information about different activities regarding theeducation and operation phases of the fighter pilots at the Swedish Air Force has beencollected. As a result a corresponding model consisting of resources employed in thoseiiactivities and their relation has been developed. The model is based on the Unified EnterpriseCompetence Modelling Language (UECML).The contributions of this thesis are (1) Identification of the cost factors of personnelrelatedactivities including courses, training sessions and missions, 2) Classification ofcost factor elements in a number of classes, and 3) Illustrating the connections betweenthe classes using UECML.

  • 160.
    Schedl, Markus
    et al.
    Johannes Kepler University, Austria.
    Ferwerda, Bruce
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Large-scale Analysis of Group-specific Music Genre Taste From Collaborative Tags2017In: Proceedings - 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia, ISM 2017, IEEE, 2017, p. 479-482, article id Code 134021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe the LFM-1b User Genre Profile dataset. It provides detailed information on musical genre preferences for more than 120,000 listeners and links to the LFM-1b dataset. We created the dataset by exploiting social tags, indexing them using two genre term sets, and aggregating the resulting annotated listening events on the user level. We foresee several applications of the dataset in music retrieval and recommendation tasks, among others to build and evaluate decent user models, to alleviate cold-start situations in music recommender systems, and to increase their performance using the additional abstraction layer of genre. We further present results of statistical analyses of the dataset, regarding genre preferences and their consistencies. We do so for the entire user population and for user groups defined by demographic similarities. Moreover, we report interesting insights about correlations between musical preferences on the genre level.

  • 161.
    Schedl, Markus
    et al.
    Johannes Kepler University, Austria.
    Lemmerich, Florian
    Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany.
    Ferwerda, Bruce
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Skowron, Marcin
    Austrian Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence, Austria.
    Knees, Peter
    Vienna University of Vienna, Austria.
    Indicators of Country Similarity in Terms of Music Taste, Cultural, and Socio-economic Factors2017In: Proceedings - 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia, ISM 2017, IEEE, 2017, p. 308-311, article id Code 134021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the cultural background of users is known to improve recommender systems for multimedia items. In this work, we focus on music and analyze user demographics and music listening events in a large corpus (120,000 users, 109 events) from Last.fm to investigate whether similarity between countries in terms of cultural and socio-economic factors is reflected in music taste. To this end, we propose a tag-based model to describe the music taste of a country and correlate the resulting music profiles to Hofstede’s cultural dimensions and the Quality of Government data. Spearman’s rank-order correlation and Quadratic Assignment Procedure indeed indicate statistically significant weak to medium correlations of music taste and several cultural and socio-economic factors. The results will help elaborating culture-aware models of music listeners and in turn likely yield improved music recommender systems.

  • 162.
    Seger, Janina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Tolstrup, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Gränsöverskridande interaktion i en Engineer to order-kontext: En studie om hur boundary object kan underlätta gränsöverskridande interaktion2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the study was to investigate the internal interaction of a small, manufacturing ETO-business's customer order process, as well as how boundary objects facilitate its boundary-crossing interaction. In order to fulfill the purpose of the study the following questions will be answered:

    1. What characterizes boundary-crossing interaction in a small, manufacturing ETO-business's customer ordering process?
    2. How can boundary objects facilitate boundary-crossing interaction in a small, manufacturing ETO-business?

    Method – To fulfil the purpose of the study, a case study has been conducted at Premould AB. Through interviews and document studies, their customer order process has been investigated and interaction objects in the process been identified. The collected data then formed a base for the establishment of the theoretical framework. With the empirical collection and the theoretical framework, an analysis has been conducted which, in turn, generated the results of the study.

    Findings – By examining the customer ordering process, in an ETO-business, different characteristics of boundary-crossing interaction has been identified. Interaction objects, which are used according to the principles of boundary objects, have been identified in the process. Boundary objects can facilitate internal interaction if used at the proper level of complexity of knowledge sharing found in the interfaces.

    Implications – The result that boundary objects facilitate boundary-crossing interaction provides a practical contribution to small, manufacturing ETO-business. Through the choice of boundary object used, it is possible to simplify knowledge sharing and make more effective work processes. There is also a theoretical contribution to further research on boundary objects in ETO-contexts.

    Limitations – One of the limitations of the study is that it can be difficult to generalize from the result, due to the use of a single-case design. Moreover, boundary-crossing interaction is complex to investigate with structural methods, and it was therefore difficult to closely investigate the identified objects.

    Keywords – Engineer to order (ETO), boundary-crossing interaction, knowledge boundaries, boundary object.

  • 163.
    Sethberg, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Wik, Nina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Ljusets påverkan på ljudnivån i ett klassrum i grundskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A good work environment in school is crucial in order to effectively teach and learn. Two factors that have a strong impact on the environment in a classroom is the lighting and the sound level. Research has shown that both light and sound have an impact on the health, and while a lot of research has been done on the work environment and the impact by different factors, very few studies have focused on how light and sound affect each other.

    The purpose of this study is to shed light on how the lighting can affect the sound level in a classroom. The results of this study could be used as a reference as to how the lighting should be set up in order to creative the most effective work environment in a classroom.

    In order to study if the sound level changes depending on the lighting, a quantitative field experiment has been performed. The study took place in a classroom with 6th graders in primary school. During 12 weekdays over a period of 3 weeks, the decibel values were logged to find out whether the sound level changed. During the first week, the original lighting was used. During the second week, the light was dimmed, and during the third and final week, the light was unevenly spread out.

    The results show that the sound level is indeed affected by the lighting in the classroom. The unevenly spread out lighting setup with a focus on vertical surfaces resulted in the lowest sound level.

    One conclusion that can be drawn is that more focus on the ambient light affects the students positively. The most important conclusion is that a lighting setup with different luminaires and a variety of the light levels and spread depending of the time of the day and season, is affecting the sound level and work environment in the classroom in a positive way.

  • 164.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Lenka, Sambit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Vägen till tjänsteinnovationer hos globala tillverkningsföretag: Från samarbetande till integrerande och slutligen dirigerande förmågor2015In: Management of Innovation and Technology, ISSN 2001-208X, no 3, p. 3-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Då multinationella tillverkningsföretag strävar efter att utveckla tjänsteinnovationer mot globala marknader, står huvudkontorens forsknings och utvecklingsenheter (FoU) inför enorma utmaningar på grund av omfattande heterogenitet i marknadsförutsättningar, kundbehov och leveransförutsättningar. I våra studier av 13 ledande multinationella tillverkningsföretag fokuserade mot ökad tjänsteinnovation, har vi identifierat fyra kompetenser som speciellt viktiga för utveckling av globala tjänsteinnovationsförmågor: utveckling av kundinsikt, integration av innovationsförmågor, skapande av ett globalt tjänsteutbud och bygga en digitaliseringskapacitet.

  • 165.
    Sjögren, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Fransson, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Utvecklingen av ett nytt såghandtag2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    SNA Europe’s handsaw concept is called “Bahco Handsaw System” and is constituted by a saw handle with the possibility to switch between different saw blades. The sales of “Bahco Handsaw System” products have not achieved the desired results probably due to the high price. Developing a more cost efficient handle, enabling a lower consumer price of the product, is assumed to increase the sales volume. The main goal of the project is to examine how the users perceive “Bahco Handsaw System” and to find out their requirements and preferences regarding the design of the new saw handle. This project will constitute the basis for SNA Europe’s further development of the future handle that will be included in the “Bahco Handsaw System”. The results of the studies will be presented together with a functioning prototype.

    The questions at issue is:

    • How do the users perceive “Bahco Handsaw System” in aspects of price, function and ergonomics?
    • What are the user requirements and preferences regarding the design of the new saw handle?
    • How can our prototype be developed to fulfill the user demands in function, design and also be as cost efficient as possible in terms of production?

     

    During the project, a survey has been conducted to generate feedback from the users regarding how the “Bahco Handsaw System” concept is being perceived on the market. The results of the survey showed that there was more than one issue with the product. Beside the price issue, the handsaw tool is growing obsolete and the users prefer the convenience of the modern day power tools. The users do not see the benefits offered by the exchangeable blade function, but feel that the ergonomic handle gives a higher value to the product. To find out what demands the users had regarding the new handle, a group interview, including a model test, was conducted. Based on those results, a prototype was developed, corresponding to the preferences of the users. The prototype shows how the handle looks and functions. The handle has been made as cost efficient as possible without neglecting the high quality value that SNA Europe stands for.

  • 166.
    Steinum, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Wibeck, Jane
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Påverkningsfaktorer samt anledning vid implementering av solpaneler; är processen solklar?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:The study’s aim is to shed light upon the reasons for implementation and factors that affect the implementation process of solar panels for companies. The purpose was to investigate what influences the implementation of new technology; what the reasons are and which factors influence the implementation. To be able to answer the purpose two research questions have been formulated: 

    • What is the reason for companies to choose to implement solar panels?
    • What factors influence the implementation process solar panels for companies?

    Method:The study was conducted by a literature study that laid the foundation for the theory and research questions. To be able to fulfil the aim of the research a case-study with a single-case-design has been carried out were three companies have been studied. The empirical data was collected through interviews and document studies. The research questions have been answered in the analysis in collaboration with the theory and the empirical findings which lead to the findings of the research.

     

    Findings:The results of the study show that marketing is a significant reason to why companies choose to implement solar panels together with the reason to be more sustainable. The influences that navigate the implementation are the pilot study, the supplier, the technology fit and the company’s collaboration and communication with the supplier. These factors have influenced the result of the implementation and how successfulness of the outcome. The focus does not lay on the economic incentive for the companies in this type of implementation but one can discuss the value of marketing. 

     

    Implications: The study’s theoretical implication is described by why companies choose to implement solar panels. The practical implication that this study provides is the determination of what navigates the implementation of solar panels. This has been done by studying which factors that influenced the implementation of solar panels for companies and which then resulted in the important influencing factors.

     

    Limitations: The reasons to why companies choose to implement sustainable new technology can be a sensitive subject due to the risk of being accused of “green washing”. This has made it important to emphasise anonymity of the companies to ensure that the answers from the interviews are as reliable as possible. It has been obvious during the interviews that some of the respondents have lacked the knowledge needed. 

  • 167.
    Stenqvist, Oscar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Claesson, Tommy
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    En jämförande studie i prestanda mellan React Native och Ionic2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To examine if there is any difference regarding performance between the two frameworks Ionic and React Native to ease decisions which one to use when developing mobile applications.

    Method – A comparative study with hypothesis based on earlier studies are tested with different experiments.

    Findings – Ionic is performing faster in the majority of the experiments, but at the same time its CPU and memory usage is higher. The results also show that React Native is struggling with larger data-sets.

    Implications – The study is contributing to a wider knowledge about cross-platform frameworks performance, and therefore facilitates the choice on which framework is more preferable to use.

    Limitations – The study only includes Ionic and React Native, and no conclusions can therefore be applied to any other cross-platform frameworks. The results are not generalizable to cross- platform native vs cross-platform hybrid, or Android vs IOS

  • 168.
    Stohm, Mikael
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Berglund, Sonny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Critical competitive priorities and capabilities in a high cost environment2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to identify the critical competitive priorities and capabilities that enables competitive manufacturing in the high cost environment of Sweden and how these can be improved to increase manufacturing performance.

    Method – The purpose of this thesis was achieved through two main research methods. First a systematic literature review was conducted in order to condensate the existing literature on competitive priorities and capabilities. Secondly a case study was conducted in order to examine the identified competitive priorities and capabilities in the context of a high cost environment.

    Findings – Initially, a set of articles were identified and included in the literature review. Through an analysis of the included articles, a framework was created including competitive priorities and competitive capabilities. A comparison between the framework and the empirical data collected at the case company identified a number of priorities and capabilities considered critical for competitive manufacturing in a high cost environment. The literature review revealed a set of improvement actions and methods that could be used to improve the identified critical competitive priorities and capabilities in order to increase manufacturing performance.

    Implications – The thesis makes a theoretical contribution by condensing the existing literature on competitive priorities and capabilities in a high cost environment, and creates a starting point for future research. Further it makes a practical contribution by providing awareness for practitioners regarding priorities and capabilities, what may be important in the future, and how these could be improved.

    Limitations – This study identifies how critical priorities and capabilities can be improved, however, it does not specify how they can or should be applied and used. Additionally, the inclusion criteria in the systematic literature review did not include improvement actions and thus other suggestions for improvements may not be included. The case study was limited to one company, making the result difficult to generalize.

  • 169.
    Strahl, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Ottosson, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Förbättring av ljudmiljö med produktutveckling2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 170.
    Ståhl, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Material Library: A sense of material2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This day of age when an increasing demands for better and more environmental friendlymaterial is requested. At the same time is also higher demands on the designers todevelop new products for the future. To design new products which express a futuristicfeeling and a “must-have-feeling”. Therefore is there a need to educate better designersand architects for the future a better knowledge for material. Both for existing designersand architects but also for new designers. To encourage learning and discover newmaterial is new tools important, a tool such as a meeting point in which people meet, talkand discover new materials. A meeting place in which a material library has its naturalplace, a place designers, architects and laymen can visit.

    The great advantages of a material library is the possibility to touch and feel the materialsamples. To invite people to use their senses and learn about materials.

    This report focus on how to best build and present a material library in the facility of apublic place. But also how to construct a mobile module used as a tool for education.Each scenario has their own dilemma and needs, for example, in the University library atJönköping has criterion for a module that fits into the regular exhibition. To present newand innovative material samples in a manner that reminds of how people search forbooks on the shelves.

    For the mobile module is focus more towards presenting material samples used in theproduction today. The presentation is more focus on presenting material samples during alecture in which the teacher stands in front of a class and pointing towards the materialand students are allowed to touch and feel the material samples when they have thepossibility to do so. Besides this will the mobile module also work as mobile storagelocation for each department’s material samples.

  • 171.
    Svahn, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Karlsson, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Produktframtagning av en stol ur ett ergonmiskt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 172.
    Svensson Harari, Natalia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Osterman, Christer
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Flexibility in Lean Mixed Model Assembly Lines2014In: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology: Volume 440, Issue PART 3, Springer, 2014, Vol. 440, p. 224-231Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the research presented in this paper has been to characterize flexibility in lean mixed model assembly lines through exploring mechanisms used to achieve flexibility. The study combines a literature review and a multiple case study in two manufacturing companies. Scenarios of volume, mix and operation flexibility, as well as flexibility to introduce or remove products were studied. The results showed that to achieve flexibility related to these scenarios other kinds of flexibilities were used. Common mechanisms to achieve flexibility have been found in the two cases. A characterization of mixed model assembly lines regarding flexibility will be discussed. 

  • 173.
    Svensson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Sijaric, Elvir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Konstruktion av kundvagns chassi: Construction of a shopping cart chassi2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 174.
    Söderlund Valencia, Lorens
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    PARAMETRISERAD DESIGN APPLICERAD PÅ EN MOTORSÅGSKEDJA2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this thesis was to develop appropriate strategies and find factors that affect the usability of parameterized designs. This was accomplished by investigate the user-interface and how it is designed to meet the user's information needs. The thesis also embraces the basic theories in terms of investigation, cognitive design principles and human behavior patterns in the interaction with the machine. The approach has led to an explorative investigation in this subject area.

    The thesis also had the purpose to achieve more efficient ways for development of motor chainsaws at Husqvarna AB's department Global Cutting Equipment. That can be achieved through reduce costs of development per sold unit. To reduce cost depends to what extend the program is helping the user to achieve goals during the design execution. The thesis also includes an investigation of the factors that affect the design of such a program. To explore appropriate strategies was a theoretical design process implemented in the study. From the perspective of technology has the author utilized knowledge in engineering design and programming. The program approach utilized was Visual Basic languish in Visual Studio enviroment for the user-interface and a Catia V5 CAD-platform for the chainsaw design.

    The result is a program which could use reconfigured parameters as needed to create customized designs correctly and effectively. This thesis has also resulted in appropriate principles for the design of a user-friendly interface that were up for the task to be a supporting tool through the execution. It has also been established appropriate tools and methods for analysis and optimization of the program. The author feels that the results of methods and principles in this study were of high reliability and can therefore be applied to other projects, even if the results only are valid for this specific case.

  • 175.
    Tang, Julia S. Y.
    et al.
    Curtin Autism Research Group, School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Chen, Nigel T. M.
    Curtin Autism Research Group, School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin Autism Research Group, School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Bӧlte, Sven
    Curtin Autism Research Group, School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin Autism Research Group, School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    A systematic review and meta-analysis of social emotional computer based interventions for autistic individuals using the serious game framework2019In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 66, article id 101412Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aim: Adopting the elements of the Serious Game framework has been hypothesised as a strategy to promote the efficacy of social emotional computer-based interventions (CBI) for autistic individuals. This systematic review aimed to review the application of Serious Game principles in current social emotional CBI targeting autistic individuals and evaluate the effect of these principles in remediating social emotional outcomes via meta-analysis.

    Methods: Database searches identified 34 studies evaluating social emotional CBI with 17 controlled efficacy studies included in meta-regressions analyses. Narrative synthesis summarised the attributes of each CBI based on the five Serious Game principles; motivating storyline, goal directed learning, rewards and feedback, increasing levels of difficulty and individualisation.

    Results: Based on the scores of the Serious Game assessment tool we developed, findings revealed on average a limited (45%) integration of Serious Game design principles in social emotional CBI for autistic individuals. Main findings from the meta-regressions of 17 controlled efficacy studies revealed a moderating effect of Serious Game design principles on the distant generalisation of social emotional skills and transferability of outcomes among autistic individuals. No significant moderating effects of Serious Game was found for close generalisation and maintenance outcomes.

    Conclusion: Overall, findings suggest that the Serious Game design framework has utility in guiding the development of social emotional CBI which improve the social emotional skills of autistic individuals. 

  • 176.
    Tang, Julia S Y
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin Autism Research Group, School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Chen, Nigel T M
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Bölte, Sven
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Designing a Serious Game for Youth with ASD: Perspectives from End-Users and Professionals.2019In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 978-995Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years have seen an emergence of social emotional computer games for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). These games are heterogeneous in design with few underpinned by theoretically informed approaches to computer-based interventions. Guided by the serious game framework outlined by Whyte et al. (Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 45(12):1-12, 2014), this study aimed to identify the key motivating and learning features for serious games targeting emotion recognition skills from the perspectives of 11 youth with ASD and 11 experienced professionals. Results demonstrated that youth emphasised the motivating aspects of game design, while the professionals stressed embedding elements facilitating the generalisation of acquired skills. Both complementary and differing views provide suggestions for the application of serious game principles in a potential serious game.

  • 177. Thulin, Felix
    Augmented Reality i utomhusmiljöer: En jämförelse mellan ARKit och ARCore2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to understand how the two frameworks: ARKit and ARCore works in the outside environment, in terms of possibilities and constrictions. This thesis intends to answer the following research questions:

    -        Which possibilities and restrictions does ARKit and ARCore have for usage in the outside environment?

    -        Which is the lowest illuminance needed for ARKit to work?

    Method – The study uses a literature study to answer the first research question. For the second research question a combination of literature study and experimental study is used, in which a hypothesis and prediction is formulated.

    Results – The results of the study show that there’s more restrictions than possibilities for using ARKit and ARCore in the outside environment. There are a lot of factors that can affect the frameworks ability to read the surroundings and place virtual objects. Dynamic elements, such as weather and illumination, is something that needs to be kept in mind. The experimental study showed that the minimal illumination needed for an ARKit based application to be able to place an object in an environment was 10.275 lx. In comparison; this is when the sun is positioned at a -5O under the horizon or higher. For example, this means that 1st of January only has 7h and 30min of the day where there is enough daylight for ARKit to read the surrounding. This does not account for other factors that can be troublesome, such as during the wintertime there is likely snow covering the ground.

    Implications – The study contributes to the exploration of an area which is relatively unknown since these frameworks have barely been out for a year. The results in the study can give an insight for developers and companies that have visions to use AR technology in the outside environment. The study covers the main areas AR, ARKit and ARCore.

    Limitations – The experimental study was only performed using ARKit, the reason being that the only testing device available was iOS

    Keywords – Augmented Reality, AR, Apple, Google, ARKit, ARCore, Lux, Experiment, Literature study.

  • 178.
    Tkalcic, Marko
    et al.
    Free University of Bozen-Bolzano.
    Ferwerda, Bruce
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Theory-driven Recommendations: Modeling Hedonic and Eudaimonic Movie Preferences2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most of the research in recommender systems focuses on data-driven approaches. In this paper we present our vision for complementing data-driven approaches with model-driven ones. We present a preliminary experimental set-up and we expose our research plan. In the experimental set-up we acquired eudaimonic characteristics of movies and user preferences. Furthermore, we performed a preliminary analysis of the acquired data.

  • 179.
    Tornberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Grahm, Sanna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Integrering av ekodesign i produktutvecklingsprocessen hos Blå Station2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Eco-design is all about improving products environmental performances throughout the products lifecycle by including the environmental aspect into the product development process. There are a large number of different tools that can be used for this, but there are several factors that can affect which one will be the best to use. Some tools for eco-design takes comprehensive studies and can only be performed by experts, while some tools can be used more time- and cost efficient and with basic knowledge. The choice of tool should be based on the company’s situation.

    This report describes the research of how the design and furniture company Blå Station could include a tool for eco-design in their product development process. The company had been working with environmental issues since the start in 1986 and used an environmental policy when developing new products. Although the product development process was vaguely defined, there were no specifications for how the environmental policy was to be included in the process. To investigate what tool would be the most suitable for Blå Station, a literature review was conducted. The review treated various eco-design tools, and product development processes.

    Based on the company’s resources and areas of expertise the LiDS-wheel was chosen as a suitable eco-design tool to use in future product development projects. The tool has great similarities with the company’s existing environmental policy, which facilitates a possible implementation. Furthermore, the tool is well known which may lead to a recognition factor for outsiders.

    The structure of the product development process was based on the company’s old way of working and the models of various researchers’. With LiDS-wheel included, the new product development process was applied when Blå Stations sound absorber was in need of a new wall mount. Earlier the sound absorber was mounted with magnets and steel washers, this solution made the product difficult to mount due to its great flexibility. A systematic wall mount with little adjustment range therefore became a new solution that increased the usability.

  • 180.
    Vadakkekara Bhaskaran, Bibin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Shaji, Visakh
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Methods to improve the effectiveness of a manual pick and place operation: A case study in a logistics regional distribution centre located at Jönköping, Sweden.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In today’s global world, supply chain and logistics operations have become far too complicated to be handled by individual firms. Nowadays, it is dealt by logistics and freight solution providing companies. The companies introduce an amount of flexibility for the firms doing their business. The performance of supply chain operations depends upon various dimensions such as location, quality, on-time delivery, dependability and cost. Reducing the operational costs by increasing effectiveness of process helps to gain a competitive advantage.

    Background: Logistics is a highly labour intensive industry. The primary role of a distribution centre as a supply chain element is to sort and forward the incoming goods(parcels) as effectively as possible within the minimum time. Due to the varied physical attributes of incoming goods/parcels, the sorting process in distribution centres involves different handling techniques. One such technique is the use of a parcel sorter conveyor system, there are various factors based on which the output increases or decreases in such systems. Flexibility is a factor that is seldom compromised, thus failing to operate effectively when volume increases, reduce a competitive advantage for the any distribution centre.

    Purpose: The purpose is to identify reasons for ineffectiveness during the process and find improvement opportunities which enables a distribution centre to handle more volume on a daily basis.

    Case: This single case study is carried out at a regional distribution centre aiming to grow regarding the number of suppliers and volume of handled parcels.

    Findings: The sources of ineffectiveness and improvement opportunities were identified (some of the improvement opportunities are case specific).

    Discussions: The study provides evidence that errors which are thought to be caused due to human actions can have other root causes, a synergetic approach is suitable in situations where high interdependency of variables exist.  

    Conclusions: The study has focused on a single case study, conducting the similar type of study with other companies working within a similar environment can provide more generalisable evidence. Improvement should be seen with a mentality of sustaining, with high variability of changes occurring, there should be a focus towards continuous improvement as well.  

  • 181.
    Vaezipour, Atiyeh
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Mosavi, A
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Visual Analytics for Informed Decisions2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy efficiency heavily depends on effective building construction. It is more appropriate if one can predict energy efficiency of the house before building it.Here simple application of the Nearest Neighbors lazy learning techniques improveestimating the energy efficiency of a building. Visual analytics tools considered a smart solution as a function of modeling parameters by using Machine Learning framework in a suitable way. It is a powerful way to improve energy saving in building construction and making informed decisions.“LIONsolver with a novel implementation of machine learning plus optimization provides a highly advanced environment for predictive analytics. In this poster a case study from the LIONbook is presented where the energy consumption for a newhouse project is predicted. The predictive analytics environment of LIONsolver in this case study has transformed the optimal design from a very complicated and time consuming process to a very speedy and simple strategy for design and decisionmaking.”

  • 182.
    Valciukaite, Diana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Mesinovic, Orhan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Supporting manufacturing reallocation decisions2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During past decades manufacturing companies started opening new plants and transfer their manufacturing to other countries in order to increase their competitiveness in the market. An important area in today’s complex business environment became manufacturing location decisions that have a direct impact on companies’ future success. Many scholars introduced suggestions in what factors should be considered in manufacturing location decisions when opening new plants. However, less research has been done by identifying what critical factors should be considered in manufacturing reallocation[1] decisions when a company operates within a manufacturing footprint and intends to move manufacturing activities between existing plants. In order to fulfil this gap the study was conducted by developing a conceptual framework for supporting manufacturing reallocation decisions. The main factors, evaluation and effects were explored. In order to conduct the study three cases were analysed in two Swedish manufacturing companies, where one of the companies was currently executing a manufacturing reallocation to another plant.

    It was found that sometimes companies are forced to reallocate manufacturing unwillingly due to currency value changes or local governmental regulations. A tendency was noticed that some of the factors are considered at the strategic level and some are left to be handled at the operational level. However, operational level factors have a great impact on the long term strategy and future costs and should be included when making manufacturing reallocation decisions. The evaluation of factors is mostly based on assumptions and intuition. Only evaluations of economic factors are based on facts. Improvements of economic factors’ evaluations could be made by closer collaboration between plants and involvement of the right people at the right time during data collection before making a decision. Manufacturing reallocations could have effects on the sending plant and long term strategy that increases the importance to include it during decision making since hidden costs and future risks could be prevented. Finally, the conceptual framework for manufacturing reallocations is presented that could be used as a support for manufacturing reallocation decisions.

    [1] to assign or allot to a different place from the one originally intended.

  • 183.
    VIJAYA KUMAR, BALU MAHESH
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    GANGADHARAN, NITHIN
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Energy efficiency technology transfer to developing nation: A study of challenges and strategies in the adoption of energy efficiency technologies to the industries in India (Waste heat to electricity generation)2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractProblem: Energy plays a vital role in the growth of economy and sustainable development ofa nation. Various technologies are discovered in the developed countries to improve energyefficiency. Considering, new EETs and trying to introduce into the developing nation wherethey are losing energy in terms of poor and inefficient system. The EETs from the developednations are trying to implement into the Indian industry, where they have a large requirementof energy. The EETs mentioned here are related to waste heat to electricity generation whereindustries release a large amount of waste heat. Due to the nature of new and advancedtechnology, there are lot of challenges need to face while transfer. This paper address differenttype of challenges like Market structure, Financial challenges, Management challenges andTechnical supply and strategies to overcome this challenge.

  • 184.
    Vock, Elena
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Managing Challenges in Product-Service System Development within Business Ecosystems: The example of an indoor localization system within the manufacturing industry2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the manufacturing industry a trend towards servitization is gaining traction due to the digital transformation, increasing customer expectations, and new competitors entering the market. Products and services are merging into integrated product-service systems, providing a higher added value to the customer. Their development is enabled by an increased cooperation with companies of different sizes and branches within a so-called business ecosystem. The increased technological and organizational interdependencies within this system presents management with challenges. The purpose of this study is to identify a wide set of challenges faced during product-service system development within a business ecosystem in order to develop a framework that helps management to navigate through them by presenting what needs to be designed and giving an idea about how the challenges can be tackled. A specific recommendation for a project within the case company is made.

    In order to answer the research questions, a single case study approach has been chosen, cooperating with a German machine manufacturer. A systematic literature search, questionnaires, and several workshops were conducted to identify fields of actions and requirements, evaluate them, develop possibilities to fulfill these requirements, and evaluate these design suggestions.

    18 fields of actions with 45 requirements could be identified. For the investigated case at the company, major challenges concerning trust between involved parties, awareness and understanding of the project, IT infrastructure, structures and processes, coordination and orchestration as well as performance measurement could be found. In order to give management design directions for fulfilling all derived requirements, a general management framework was developed consisting of seven design fields, namely, Objectives & Results, Fundamentals, Interconnectedness, Accountability, Enabling, Transparency & Transfer, and Controlling. All of these categories have two to four subcategories specifying the field. For the case at the company, all design fields were concerned. In order to tackle the challenges underlying the requirements, management should focus on goal determination and providing an argumentation for this, establishing common values and rules, integrating the actors to coordinate together, building up an identity and communicating achievements in the business ecosystem, determine responsibilities on all sides, and monitor the performance of the undertaking.

    In conclusion, the developed framework can be used for novel and current projects, enabling management to take action on the specific designed fields that have not yet reached maturity, ensuring the fulfillment of all requirements. Future research might be devoted to a simpler and enhanced relation of the requirements as a maturity measurement and the fields of the framework as a navigator. Studies should be carried out to confirm and enlarge the derived design possibilities qualitatively and quantitatively with a bigger sample.

  • 185.
    Vuckic, Asmir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Cosic, Renato
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Design Of A General Customer Segmentation Process2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To examine how the process of customer segmentation can be designed, and which variables to consider to offer an appropriate customer service. To achieve this purpose the following questions will be answered:

    1. Which variables should be included in customer segmentation?

    2. How can a customer segmentation process be designed?

    Method – A general process was designed. The process has been developed through qualitative research based on literature review and interviews conducted in a case study. During the literature review the authors sought for theories on the subject in order to answer the research questions. This was later compared to the empirical evidence collected from the case study.

    Findings – The designed process contains seven dimensions with related variables. During the study the variables were evaluated concerning their impact on the situation. Only variables that had a high influence on the situation were implemented in the process. The study showed that that there are various approaches towards performing customer segmentation. When designing a customer segmentation process, it is of high importance to know which variables suit the organizations line of business and how they affect the outcome.

    Research limitations – The thesis is restricted into designing a customer segmentation process, the process will therefore not be applied on the case company during the case study. The process can still be generalized and usable for companies with similar distribution setup. Further research could strive to include other variables.

    Implications – The designed process assists in the decision-making situation regarding customer segmentation. By balancing the variables it enables a basis for customer service offering. These variables take the requested generalization in consideration.

    Originality/value – The customer segmentation process presented in this thesis is, as far as the authors know, the first in its kind with its layout. The variables could be used in other segmentation processes as well which show a high grade of generalization. What is unique with the designed process in this thesis is that it contains a mixture of two well proven customer segmentation theories namely, Kotler’s (2009) Bottom-Up-Approach and Weinstein’s (2004) B2B Market Segmentation.

  • 186.
    Wall, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    G#, a graphical approach to functional programming2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to present a solution for how a graphical programming language with a functional mindset can be constructed with the help of inspiration from functional programming. An artefact was created by using design science as a research methodology and has in several iterations gone through development and testing to reassure the outcome works as intended. The graphical programming language which has been developed is a language that allows the programmer to code in depth, functions are written as blocks inside blocks and the language is made compact. A code structure in a JSON-format was developed at the same time as G#, allowing it to be presented in a texted data format. The purpose of the JSON-format was to enable execution of G# and the transformation to a text-based programming language. Implications can be made from this study by learning about how a graphical programming language can be built from scratch and what difficulties needs to be tackled to get a result that works as intended. G# was developed to only support a few selected and commonly used functions in programming due to time limitations. The final version of G# in this study can do calculations, handle lists and perform less complex algorithms. Under the development of G#’s graphical functions, the free tool Draw.io was used. Unknowingly from the start, Draw’s limitations made it not perform as expected. Therefore, it is recommended to investigate which available tools are most suited for the construction of the graphical functions before development begins.

  • 187.
    Westin, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ragnmark, Viktor
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    IMPLEMENTATION MODEL TO AN ANDON SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE MANUFACTURER2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to develop an implementation model to an Andon system, which makes the implementation efficient and effective on a vehicle manufacturing assembly line. In order to conduct this, the purpose was broken down to three research questions. 

    1. How can the Andon system at an assembly line be designed? 

    2. What are the contemporary models for implementing systems? 

    3. How can an efficient and effective implementation model for an Andon system be designed?

    Method – To find an answer to the first research question four case studies with interviews and observations have been made. A literature study was also conducted in order to understand the subject. The following question was answered from literature studies and collected empirical data. 

    Findings – Through case studies, empirical qualitative data about the Andon implementation were collected. This was later analysed by the authors by dividing the collected data into three parts. The first part is about how an Andon system can be designed using different layouts and how to decide a particular layout considering the different possibilities. The second part is how the implementation model PDCA can be used as a base of the implementation project for the implementation team. Finally, the last part describes the whole model and how to start and finish it.  

    Limitations – The case companies that were chosen are only those who already have done the Andon implementation on their assembly line. In order to see alternative solutions to otherwise similar problems, authors have chosen to study vehicle manufacturers as well as manufacturers outside of the vehicles branch. Only the implementations phase is in focus to investigate. Further more the thesis will however not include any economic aspects or any aspects regarding software.

    Further Research – During the study of research question one, six different layout features were highlighted. From the authors’ knowledge, these six layout features are the most essential features to consider designing an Andon system. However, it is important to state that this study do not mention all of the affecting features to design an Andon system. Further research on other features in an Andon System is therefore recommended. Secondly, as the authors are relying on the interviewed person’s feedback of the differences in the output of an Andon system, the authors recommend self- observations in order to raise the validation of the result.

  • 188.
    Wickström, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Hurtig, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Påverkan på växter av LED i gatuarmaturer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det blir allt vanligare att kommuner väljer att förnya och byta ut de befintliga gatuarmaturerna från högtrycksnatrium till LED (light emitting diode) då LED drar mindre energi och har en bättre färgåtergivning än högtrycksnatrium. Däremot skiljer spektralfördelningen mycket mellan LED-modulen och högtrycksnatrium vilket leder till att staden kommer se annorlunda ut på natten. Vad händer då med växterna som växer i närheten av dessa nya armaturer? Det forskas mycket om hur LED skulle kunna användas för att effektivisera odling, men det finns inte så mycket information om vad som kommer hända i staden när LED blir den dominerande ljuskällan. Därför har denna undersökning som syfte att se hur LED respektive högtrycksnatrium i gatuarmaturerna påverkar de växter som växer kring vägarna, och om något av alternativen påverkar växterna mer än den andra. Syftet är också att öka medvetenheten om hur strålningen från LED-armaturer påverkar vår miljö.Kattgräs (Hordeum vulgare L.), Rajgräs (Lolium multiflorum L.) och en blandning av vilda blommor odlades under en period på 20 dagar, under antingen högtrycksnatrium eller LED. Armaturerna var tända dygnet runt och mätningar av längden på ett skott per sort och rum gjordes varje dag. Vid slutavläsningen mättes också medellängden och medianen för 20 strån av respektive grässort per rum. För vildblomsblandningen gjordes en visuell utvärdering.Medelvärdet hos både rajgräset och kattgräset var kortare för odlingarna som exponerats för LED än de odlingar som exponerats för högtrycksnatrium. Kattgräset var 4% kortare, och rajgräset var 16% kortare. Vid den visuella utvärderingen ansågs vildblomsblandningen som vuxit under högtrycksnatrium vara högre och rangligare än växterna under LED. LED-odlingen uppfattades något grönare medan högtrycksnatriumodlingen uppfattades som något gulare och blekare.Undersökningen visade att växterna påverkades olika beroende på om de exponerades för högtrycksnatrium eller LED.

    Detta skulle kunna resultera i att kommuner som investerar i LED-armaturer inte bara kan spara pengar på energiförbrukning utan också på underhåll av stadsmiljön.

    Vidare bör det göras fler fältstudier om vad som händer med miljön när armaturerna byts ut från högtrycksnatrium till LED. Det bör även göras liknande studier men som pågår under en längre tid.

  • 189.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Management of the industrialisation process in distributed geographical and organisational contexts2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Management of new product development (NPD) is one of the most critical capabilities of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The industrialisation process plays a major role in NPD, where the final verification of the product and production system takes place. It is during the industrialisation process that various disturbances arise; if these are not managed, they can delay the production start and prolong production ramp up.

    Based on two dimensions, geographical and organisational distribution, the following four different types of contexts are defined in this thesis: industrialisation in the local and intra-organisational context (type 1), industrialisation in the local and inter-organisational context (type 2), industrialisation in the international and intra-organisational context (type 3) and industrialisation in international and inter-organisational context (type 4). This thesis addresses types 2–4 and contributes to the literature, which has primarily dealt with the type 1 context. The purpose of the research presented in the thesis is expanding the knowledge on the industrialisation process in distributed geographical and/or organisational contexts with a focus on challenges and mechanisms; this will serve to control the challenges during the industrialisation process.

    The findings are based on data from three studies in the manufacturing industry, covering both single and multiple case studies. They reveal that there are some similarities between the type 2–4 contexts and challenges and mechanisms previously identified for the type 1 context. However, several unique challenges and mechanisms are found for the type 2–4 contexts. The findings also show that the challenges can be characterised as internal and external. Internal challenges appear in a single industrialisation site and are associated with internal organisational capabilities at the site. External challenges originate from the research and development (R&D) site and the integration between the R&D and industrialisation sites.

    The findings also reveal that the identified challenges disrupt the industrialisation process in various ways and create uncertainty and equivocality during the industrialisation process. The studies presented in this thesis show that, to deal with challenges that create uncertainty and equivocality, it is wise to allow ad hoc mechanisms to be used. One of the key conclusions is that when the industrialisation processes are carried out in type 2–4 contexts, there is a need to allow for flexibility regarding the use of mechanisms depending on the dynamics associated with the specific context.

  • 190.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Johansson, G.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Managing disturbances during the industrialisation process from a supplier perspectiveManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Supplier involvement in product development: Critical issues from a supplier perspective2015In: Proceedings of the 22nd EurOMA International Annual Conference, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 26 June–1 July, 2015, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) typically outsource the industrialization of components to suppliers. Hence, the OEMs are dependent on the suppliers’ capabilities to perform industrialization projects. However, suppliers often experience various difficulties when involved in the OEMs’ product development projects. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to explore challenges that suppliers face during industrialization projects, their causes and the effects. Actions to mitigate these challenges are further explored. Based on an in-depth single case study at a Swedish supplier from the metal components industry, the study resulted in seven challenging issues during industrialization projects from a supplier perspective.

  • 192.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Original equipment manufacturer (OEM)-supplier integration to prepare for production ramp-up2019In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 506-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Although prior research provides evidence that production ramp-up is often disrupted by supplier-related problems, it fails to discuss how the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and various types of suppliers integrate their functions and operations to secure preparations for production ramp-up. The purpose of this paper is to investigate OEM–supplier integration in a new product development (NPD) project to prepare for production ramp-up.

    Design/methodology/approach: The results presented in this paper are based on a real-time, longitudinal study of a single collaborative NPD project in the mechanical engineering industry. The NPD project involves seven suppliers and it is carried out in a large Swedish company (the OEM) and fits the theory-elaborating approach of this research.

    Findings: This study argues that the aspect of timing in OEM–supplier integration, the OEM’s research and development (R&D) attitude toward collaboration and the OEM’s (R&D) operating procedure are challenges affecting the preparation for production ramp-up. The following three mechanisms to facilitate OEM–supplier integration in order to prepare for production ramp-up are also discussed: the mediator’s role, the OEM’s face-to-face meeting at the project level and suppliers’ formal face-to-face meetings with the OEM and internally.

    Originality/value: This paper elaborates on and extends prior research on production ramp-up by conducting an empirical analysis that incorporates supplier integration in NPD. It bridges the gap between the literature on production ramp-up and on supplier integration in NPD and clearly indicates that supplier integration is an important prerequisite for successful production ramp-up. 

  • 193.
    ZHANG, SHEN
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    USER INTERFACE FOR GENERIC SHIFTER2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 194.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Virtual Reality Retailing2018In: Encyclopedia of Computer Graphics and Games / [ed] Newton, Lee, Cham: Springer, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 195. Özturkcan, Selcen
    et al.
    de Kervenoael, Ronan
    Grey Market e-Shopping and Trust Building Practices in China2008In: Trust and New Technologies: Marketing and Management on the Internet and Mobile Media / [ed] Teemu Kautonen and Heikki Karjaluoto, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008, p. 56-73Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 196.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    et al.
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.
    Gumus, Burcu
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.
    Sustaining Competitive Advantage: Turk Telekom2015In: Strategic Marketing: Creating Competitive Advantage / [ed] Doug West, John Ford & Essam Ibrahim, Oxford University Press, 2015, 3rd, p. 519-525Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case covers 'market scan/scenarios', 'internal analysis,' and 'strategic fit' from phase 1 of the marketing strategy blueprint (see Chapter 1, Figure 1.8). It primarily focuses on the question: 'Where are we now?'

  • 197.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    et al.
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.
    Şengün, S.
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.
    Gaining reward vs. avoiding loss: When does gamification stop being fun?2015In: Emerging Research and Trends in Gamification / [ed] Harsha Gangadharbatla, Donna Z. Davis, IGI Global, 2015, p. 48-71Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter enhances the dyadic gain-loss concept by presenting findings of a research project on uncovering whether the efficiency component of gamification could be better attained by balancing a shift from gain to loss, or completely avoiding it altogether. The gamification of any system requires a good selection and balance of game design elements to make the overall experience fun, as well as gaming emotions to keep it intrinsically rewarding. However, if not designed properly, participators of a gamified system that expect the prospect of gaining rewards, may ultimately realize a shift of engagement from gain to avoiding losses any earned status, badge, experience, or popularity often defined within the periphery of the gamified system. Findings reveal changing levels of motivation within different participatory foci, where loss avoidance (punishment scenarios) generates more motivation than the prospect of gaining rewards.

1234 151 - 197 of 197
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