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  • 1401.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), Lund University.
    Which Types of Relatedness Matter in Regional Growth? Industry, Occupation and Education2017In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 523-536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a conceptual discussion of relatedness, which suggests a focus on individuals as a complement to firms and industries. The empirical relevance of the main arguments is tested by estimating the effects of related and unrelated variety in education and occupation among employees, as well as in industries, on regional growth. The results show that occupational and educational related variety are positively correlated with productivity growth, which supports the conceptual discussion put forth in the paper. In addition, related variety in industries is found to be negative for productivity growth, but positive for employment growth.

  • 1402.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Skills, education and productivity - Firm level evidence on the presence of externalities2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1403.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Skills, education and productivity in the KIBS sector - Firm level evidence on the presence of externalities2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1404.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Disentangling innovation in small food firms: The role of external knowledge, support, and collaboration2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1405.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Disentangling innovation in small food firms: The role of external knowledge, support, and collaboration2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper applies unique survey data on innovation and external interaction of small food producers in Sweden.The overall purpose is to test if firms that are more engaged in external interaction are more innovative. To disentangle innovativeness beyond new goods and services, innovation is measured as new processes, new markets, new suppliers, new ways of organization, and new distributors. Findings point to a positive relationship between firm innovation and external interaction, both in terms of collaboration, external knowledge and support from regional actors. In particular, collaboration regarding transports and sales is shown to enhance most types of innovation. Product and process innovation benefit from external knowledge from extra-regional firms as well as regional support from the largest firm. Findings suggest that current innovation policies can improve their efficiency by increasing their flexibility to enable tailor-made innovation policies at the local level.

  • 1406.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Segregation and individual employment: A longitudinal study of neighborhood effects2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we test whether individuals who live in more-segregated neighborhoods have a lower propensity to be employed. We apply an individual fixed effects strategy in order to reduce issues of self-selection and individual heterogeneity. This is possible due to access to full population micro-data, which allows us to follow the same group of individuals between 1990 and 2011. The results show that individuals who live in segregated neighborhoods are less likely to be employed, primarily in metropolitan regions. This effect is mainly driven by males with foreign background. However, it is not spatial separation per se that causes the negative effect on employment but rather the distress of segregated neighborhoods. This indicates that these neighborhoods provide fewer opportunities for labor market integration, which is particularly challenging for already disadvantaged individuals. The results thus have a strong bearing on policy concerning both integration and urban planning.

  • 1407.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Segregation and individual employment: A longitudinal study of neighborhood effectsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we test whether individuals who live in more-segregated neighborhoods have a lower propensity to be employed. We apply an individual fixed effects strategy in order to reduce issues of self-selection and individual heterogeneity. This is possible due to access to full population micro-data, which allows us to follow the same group of individuals between 1990 and 2011. The results show that individuals who live in segregated neighborhoods are less likely to be employed, primarily in metropolitan regions. This effect is mainly driven by males with foreign background. However, it is not spatial separation per se that causes the negative effect on employment but rather the distress of segregated neighborhoods. This indicates that these neighborhoods provide fewer opportunities for labor market integration, which is particularly challenging for already disadvantaged individuals. The results thus have a strong bearing on policy concerning both integration and urban planning.

  • 1408.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    The impact of ethnicity and segregation on labor market outcomes2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1409.
    Wolf-Watz, Sanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Child Prostitution in Thailand: A Supply Side Analysis from an Economic Perspective2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the economic factors behind the supply of children engaged in child prostitution in Thailand. Children are recruited to the sex industry either by parents, adults in their immediacy or choose it themselves. There are several factors that contribute to pushing children towards prostitution. Many of these factors such as credit constraints and mortality are related to poverty, the most quoted of economic factors behind the supply of child prostitution. Associated to poverty is the high discount rate which means that people prioritize present over future consumption. In combination with a lack of alternatives, this makes people engage in risky activities such as prostitution. This also seems to be the case in Thailand.

     

    To analyze the different alternatives faced by children in Thailand, a calculation of present value of life time wages of the alternative activities a child faces was computed. The computation of present value of life time wages of alternative activities of children in the face of different discount rates is in line with economic theory and shows that education confers the highest reward unless the discount rate is extremely high. If education is unavailable, as it is for unregistered children in Thailand, or discount rates are very high, as it can be for very poor families, prostitution will be the occupation with the highest returns.

    

  • 1410.
    Wribe, Lars
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kinnefors, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Inflationary effects of changes in the price of oil: The case of Sweden2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by a period of time in which we face historically high oil prices, this thesis analyzes to what extent oil prices actually influence inflation. By constructing a simple chart, one can see that oil price and inflation seem to have a similar pattern. However, to draw any conclusions from that is impossible. We show with econometric methods the relationship between oil prices and inflation in the case of Sweden.

    Sweden, as a net importer of oil, spent approximately 43.3 billion SEK on crude oil during 2004. That is 414.200 barrels of crude oil each day. Taking this into account, what would happen if the oil price suddenly increased by 10%? Considering the fact that 43.3 billion SEK is a rather large amount of money, it seems obvious that such an oil price increase should have some impact on the Swedish economy and inflation. This would occur partly through higher prices of gasoline for example, but it would occur also due to the indirect effect that companies face through higher production costs and will most likely pass on some part of that cost to the consumers.

    We have gathered data for oil prices and inflation for Sweden since 1981 to 2004. Together with other variables that also affect the inflation, such as money supply and interest rates, we did econometric regressions to find evidence for the relationship. We reach the conclusion that if the oil prices increase by 10%, inflation is assumed to increase with about 0.15-0.20%.

  • 1411.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and CERBE.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and Ratio institute.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Liquidity risk and yield spreads of green bonds2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

  • 1412.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The impact of liquidity risk on the yield spread of green bonds2018In: Finance Research Letters, ISSN 1544-6123, E-ISSN 1544-6131, Vol. 27, p. 53-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-02-24 00:00
  • 1413.
    Xu, Yue
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The Relationship between Stock Prices and Exchange Rates in Sweden2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper empirically investigates the exchange rate effects of Swedish krona against euro (SEK/Euro) on stock prices in Sweden. The sample period for the study has been taken from March, 2001 to March, 2011 using monthly nominal exchange rate of SEK/Euro and monthly closing values of OMX Stockholm All Share (OMXPI) Index. The developed unit root test and cointegration technique have been applied for the research. It was found that both data series were nonstationary and integrated of order 1. The test result also showed there was no cointegrating relationship between stock prices and exchange rates. Further investigation into their contemporaneous relationship highlighted a statistically significant negative linear relationship between the said variables, suggesting that an appreciation of the Swedish krona against euro leads to a contemporaneous increase in the value of the Swedish stock market.

  • 1414.
    Xu, Yun
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Thai, Gia Linh
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Banking Market Competition and SME Financing in China: Case Study across Chinese Provinces2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries are reported to encounter difficulties in accessing to formal external financing resource. Banking systems in this category of countries are either under-developed or newly reformed. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether SME financing in China, measured by SMEs per capita, is affected by local bank competition, measured by number of banks per capita or share of foreign banks. Control variables such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), level of infrastructure and geographic location are also included in the regression models.

    The main findings are that: when disregarding the ownership of banks, bank competition has positive impact on SME financing across Chinese provinces, although the relationship is non-linear; and foreign banks do not significantly influence SME bank financing in China. The first finding generally support the conventional theories of industrial organization and the second one offers the basis for further arguments about the role of foreign banks in financing SMEs in China.

  • 1415.
    Yeo, M.
    et al.
    Department of Food and Resource Economics, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Healthy Residential Environments for the Elderly2014In: Journal of Housing for the Elderly, ISSN 0276-3893, E-ISSN 1540-353X, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to analyze the environmental elements of residential facilities for elderly people by using Antonovsky’s salutogenic concept. The relationship between the environment and health is clearly identified. This information facilitates the presentation and development of residential facilities with healthy living conditions for elderly people in South Korea. The concept includes providing a residential environment that is safe from a variety of dangers by applying a barrier-free concept to address the physical changes of elderly people. It also provides an environment equipped with a continuous protection system that considers both the physical and sociopsychological aspects of this particular treatment environment. ©2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 1416.
    Yuheng, Li
    et al.
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Zhang, Zhenghe
    College of Economics and Management in China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Department of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Yansui, Liu
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Rural household income in transitional China: Spatio-temporal disparity and its interpretation2015In: China: An International Journal, ISSN 0219-7472, E-ISSN 0219-8614, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 151-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to investigate the evidence of spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income at the provincial level in China during the 1978-2007 period. A research framework is developed to study the transitional processes of decentralisation, marketisation, urbanisation and globalisation. By computing the Moran's I index and using the spatial regression model, the findings indicate a highly clustered, spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income across the eastern, central and western regions in China during the post-reform era. Rural household income tends to be higher in the eastern provinces in comparison to inland provinces. This disparity is attributed to the impacts from the institutional, economic, social and external transitions that become increasingly significant in the recent decades in China.

  • 1417. Zeidlitz, Andreas
    et al.
    Wallin, Tina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Flyttströmmar till och från Jönköpings kommun2013Report (Other academic)
  • 1418.
    Zemoi, Jonas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Spillover effects of Multinational Enterprises on domestic firms productivity2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Since the 1990s and the Swedish membership in the European Union in 1995, the presence of Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) has increased radically in the Swedish economy. The objective with this study is to analyze MNEs effects in different regions within the Swedish manufacturing industry in terms of productivity. Is a region with more MNEs, more pro-ductive than a region with a lower share of MNEs? The theory claims that productivity spillovers of MNEs occurs through three channels namely, via R&D, increased competi-tion and transmission of technology. By observing 81 regions which consists of all 290 municipals in Sweden and taking the average value of productivity and the explanatory variables trough 1997-2004, a cross-sectional analysis is conducted. The results evidently showed signs of productivity spillovers of MNEs on local firms in the manufacturing in-dustry. Findings suggest that (1) a regions with higher share of MNEs did face a higher re-gional productivity. However the spillovers was not successfully absorbed by regions with a industry structure that was not dominated by a the manufacturing industry. (2) Larger re-gions, in terms of population, tend to show a lower productivity level compared to the av-erage levels of the rest of the regions, since their structure was dominated by the service sector. (3) Regions with small technological difference compared to the MNEs, tends to hold the skills and knowledge needed to efficiently exploit the productivity spillovers, hence MNEs influence on regional productivity was greater in these regions than regions with a lower level of technical capability.

     

  • 1419.
    Zemoi, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Cardona Cervantes, Gabriel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Economic Diversification in The United Arab Emirates: Is the economy leaving its oil dependency?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the public becomes more concerned with the natural environment, one of the major topics discussed is the oil. Since there is no true source of knowledge how long the oil can continue to be extracted, it is interesting to know how long the world can benefit from such as scarce resource. Instead of idly watching as oil production decreases with time, which pre-measures could be taken in order to minimize a negative impact on an economy? The UAE is a thriving oil rich countries which for the past 30 years have experienced a vast oil wealth. Even though the oil gave wealth to the UAE, they should avoid any future oil dependency since it could negatively affect its now flourishing economy. Therefore, for the UAE to continue growing in the future it is in the best interest for the government to focus on a diversifying strategy that promotes the non-oil economy. By referring to concepts and theories of previous research in this field such as the Solow growth model, Resource curse and Dutch disease the authors find that the UAE had managed to diversify or not. Three sectors in different periods between 1970 and 2007 were measured: The oil sector, the non-oil sector and the government sector. Diversification changes means a decreasing dependency of the oil sector to the non-oil sector while the latter instead depends more on the government sector. Using British Petroleum (2008) and United Nations (2008) as sources, data was collected in order to draw a time-series regression analysis and test empirically for these diversification trends. The results for all periods confirmed that the UAE have indeed diversified and it could thus be observed that it started its successful strategy already in the 1970s. With the right government policy investments and the stability in the union, the UAE prevented from becoming dependent on oil and thereby not crowding out its important non-oil economy.

  • 1420.
    Zienau, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    What Determines a Region’s Capacity to Integrate Refugees?: A Study of the Swedish Municipalities’ Characteristics and their Relationship with Integration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current refugee crisis has affected many European countries, not least Sweden with the highest number of asylum applications per capita. The crisis has brought an intense discussion on how refugees should be allocated, both across the EU member states and on a sub-national level, and it has undoubtedly put current dispersion policies on trial. Through a study of Sweden’s 290 municipalities, this thesis aims to identify certain characteristics of a host region that facilitates integration, in order to see whether current dispersion policies are optimal, and if not, how they could be altered. Through simple and multiple OLS regressions certain characteristics have shown a clear relationship with integration (positive or negative), while some have been deemed irrelevant. As dispersion policies suggest, a larger population seems to facilitate integration. Also labor market conditions are as expected important, but it seems that the situation for youths is more relevant than the general condition. Finally, it seems as though an ethnically fractionalized population facilitates integration, although the process is aggravated as the refugee influx increases. As surprisingly little research has been conducted on this field, this thesis has only laid the foundation for the topic and further research is necessary. Still, the research has induced some doubts regarding the optimality of current dispersion policies, and this thesis suggests that additional factors should be taken into consideration when dispersion policies are elaborated.

  • 1421.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Multiple paths of development: knowledge bases and institutional characteristics of the Swedish food sector2016In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 589-606Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore the relation between the critical knowledge base of firms and how firms respond to incentives embedded in the institutional framework surrounding them. The analysis gives us a better understanding of the complex development of the food sector in Southern Sweden in the past decades. Theoretically, the paper combines concepts of path dependency and knowledge bases, and applies this framework to a set of development trajectories of firms in the Scanian food sector. Three development paths are identifiedpath extension, path renewal and new path creation. Findings illustrate that these are rooted in different knowledge base combinations of firms, which make them respond differently to similar place- and sector-specific institutional conditions.

  • 1422.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Multiple paths of development: Knowledge bases and institutional characteristics of the Swedish food sector2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explain the complex development of the food sector in Southern Sweden in the past decades, focusing on the relation between institutions and innovation practices and taking into account the diversity of actors composing the sector. The paper develops a theoretical framework combining concepts of path dependency and knowledge bases, and applies it empirically. The three paths identified in the paper resemble path development via radical change, incremental change and diversification.

  • 1423. Zygaki, Ioanna
    et al.
    Rosskamp, Kevin
    A study of GARCH and EVT approaches in modeling Value-at-Risk of Nordic equity markets2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1424. Álvarez, R
    et al.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bellone, F
    Brandt, L
    Castellani, D
    Damijan, J P
    Fariñas, J C
    Fernandes, A
    Fryges, H
    Görg, H
    Greenaway, D
    Wagner, J
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Understanding Cross-Country Differences in Exporter Premia: Comparable Evidence for 14 Countries2008In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 144, no 4, p. 596-635Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1425.
    Åhström, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Traffic Safety in Economic Development: A Case Study of the United Arab Emirates2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transportation system is a growing concern as economic development progresses. It has become one of the major causes of air pollution as well as deaths world-wide. Hence, the transportation system is not a sustainable path in the world today. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a fast developing economy with poor traffic safety. Hence, the purpose of the thesis is to examine the relationship between economic development and traffic safety in the UAE. This is achieved with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis, which indicates a positive relationship between economic development and road traffic fatalities initially. However, it will come to change into a negative relationship as the economy develops further. In addition, Institutional Theory states that institutions and organizations contribute to a successful economic development. In order to identify the development of traffic safety in the UAE, the characteristics concerning the issue in the country must be defined. Hence, a comprehensive analysis of the traffic safety in the UAE is carried out with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis and Institutional Theory. A regression analysis confirms that there is a relationship between traffic fatalities and economic development. Until today, traffic fatalities have increased with national GDP in the UAE. Yet there is no reason to believe that this relationship has changed for the better. However, according to Institutional Theory, an improvement may be achieved through active work. It is important for the public authorities in the UAE to set explicit goals, so that institutions and organizations are able to integrate and coordinate their struggle for a safer traffic.

  • 1426.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Experience in Shopping Centers: An Accessibility Analysis of Swedish Shopping Centers2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how market size impacts the level of economic success, diversity, entertainment, arts, and experience of shopping centers in Sweden. More specifically the paper uses regression analyses to test the relation between different forms of shopping center performance and market size. The results show that the municipality market size plays an important role in all analyzed cases. The results also showed that local labor market size does not have a significant impact on the dependent variables.

     

  • 1427.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Location and Co-location in Retail: A Probabilistic Approach Using Geo-coded Data for Swedish Metropolitan Retail Markets2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper offers a unique empirical approach to detect co-location patterns in the retail sector. We analyse the co-location of retail service establishments in Sweden by using geo-coded data. We pinpoint each establishment in Sweden down to a 250 by 250 metre square. Our analysis captures a general pattern for the co-location of different types of retailing activities, also taking into account several spatial attributes of location. We study the three major retail markets in Sweden (Stockholm, Malmö, and Gothenburg). We position the paper within a framework in which the presence of an economic activity in space is explained by the spatial attributes of the place as well as the nature of the economic activity. Our empirical design follows a probabilistic approach, whereby the probability of finding a particular type of retailing activity in a square is explained by the presence of similar and different kinds of retailing activities in the respective square, as well as by the characteristics of their location. We select three major and distinct types of retailing stores: clothing, household appliances, and specialized stores. Our findings are well in line with the propositions of bid rent theory and central place theory for retail markets. We further document negative location tendencies between shops that sell frequently purchased products and shops that sell durables. Moreover, our results highlight the importance of demand in the close surroundings, which is particularly strong for small-scale establishments.

  • 1428.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    RETAIL CITY: Does accessibility to shops explain place attractiveness?2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the role of retail as an amenity and how it contributes to place attractiveness. In this investigation the impact of accessibility to shops on average house prices is investigated using a fixed effect estimation. The analysis use data for Swedish municipalities through the years 2002-2008. The empirical design is constructed using the across-cities spatial equilibrium framework of Roback (1982), and house prices are assumed to reflect the attractiveness of municipalities. In order to capture the precise impact from retail access, mean wages, population density, unemployment, leisure service concentration, and municipal tax levels are controlled for. Results indicate a strong relationship between retail access and place attractiveness, where a retail-premium on house prices is found to be present for Swedish municipalities.

  • 1429.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden.
    Retail Productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy2018In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 711-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non-central markets.

  • 1430.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    RETURNS TO LOCATION IN RETAIL: Investigating the relevance of market size and regional hierarchy2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates returns to location in the retail sector and further analyzes the systematic variations across central and peripheral retail markets, as well as across different types of retailing activities. The empirical design utilizes individual level data, where the earnings of individuals working in the retail sector are used as a proxy for retail performance, which allows for a comparison across different types of retailing activities, although the sector as a whole is highly heterogeneous. In order to capture the urban-periphery interaction in retail markets, an accessible market potential measure is used, which allows for capturing the impact from potential demand in close proximity, in the region and from outside of the region separately. In the analysis, the impacts of spatial, store, and individual characteristics are analyzed for four types of retailing activities: food retailing, clothing, household retailing and specialized stores. The results are in line with previous theoretical arguments that rely on traditional location theories. There is a distinct variation between urban and peripheral retail markets, as well as between different types of retailing activities. Market size in close proximity is found to play an important role for stores selling goods for frequent purchase, whereas the relevant market extends beyond municipal borders for retailers selling goods for less frequent purchase. The competition effect is evident for non-central markets, driven from close proximity to large central markets.

  • 1431.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Does ethnic enclaves foster immigrant entrepreneurship? The Swedish experience2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1432.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Location of leisure: the New Economic Geography of leisure services2017In: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 203-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding more about the geographic location of leisure services is an important quest for research. For a long time now in developed economies, almost all employment growth is occurring within the service sector. In this sector, leisure services are fast growers. This means that the location of these services is important for economic growth and for employment opportunities of local market areas. Regional policy-makers time and again highlight these sectors as future engines of growth. This paper investigates the role of local demand in determining the availability and the scale of various types of leisure services. The analysis is motivated by observed regularities that indicate large and persistent interregional differences in the location and growth of leisure services. Based on a New Economic Geography framework, we investigate the role of local and regional demand for the size of leisure services in geographically separate markets in Sweden. We use data for 290 Swedish municipalities for the period 2002–2013 and run year-municipality fixed-effects regressions. Our main findings suggest a strong dependency on local demand, and less on the demand originating from other regions.

  • 1433.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Which retail services are co-located?2014In: International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, ISSN 0959-0552, E-ISSN 1758-6690, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 281-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Which retail services are co-located in space? Is it possible to categorize retail stores of different kinds with respect to their location pattern? Acknowledging the spatial dependency between different and similar kinds of retailing activities, the aim of this paper is to find if and to what extent co-location is present in a retail market and what kind of retailing activities are co-located.

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors analyse the co-location of different types of retail stores in Sweden by using geo-coded data. The data they use allows them to pinpoint each establishment in Sweden down to a 250 by 250m square in space. First, they identify a measure of co-location for each retail service by utilizing pairwise correlations between the different retail service establishments with respect to the squares in which they are present. Later, by using the finest level of industrial categorization for all physical retailing activities (and limiting their geographical unit to the Stockholm metropolitan market), they perform factor analysis to nest these retailing activities under relevant categories based on their co-location pattern.

    Findings – In this analysis the authors obtain four major factors for the squares with retail stores, in which several kinds of retail activities are nested. These factors reveal a certain degree of location commonality for the markets in question.

    Originality/value – The authors' empirical design is based on a highly disaggregated spatial information and the methodology is novel in a sense that it has not been used to address a similar question. Rather than sampling, the authors use the total population, where they take all physical retailing activities into account to be able to draw a general picture for the co-location phenomena in the entire retail market.

  • 1434.
    Östberg, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Syk, Niklas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Budget and Employment Effects of a Change in the Payroll tax: For the manufacturing sector2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is examining the effects of a decrease in the payroll tax and the responding effect on the state budget. The emphasis is on the change in the number of employments for the manufacturing sector as a result of a decrease in the payroll tax. In order to analyze the effect a decrease in payroll tax has on employment, the elasticity of labor demand has been calculated. The result of this regression is significant, and therefore it can be concluded that a change in the payroll tax will have an effect on employment in the manufacturing sector. Since elasticity of labor demand is inelastic, the change in payroll tax will have a small impact on employment. The results of various surveys conducted in other countries are consistent with the findings of this thesis.

  • 1435.
    Östman, Beata
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Trade with emission allowances: the impact on the Swedish paper and pulp industry´s competitiveness2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In January 2005 a trading scheme with emission allowances, including carbon dioxide (CO2), was introduced in Europe. This has influenced the electricity price as well as the price of CO2 emitting production. The paper and pulp industry uses a high share of electricity and emits CO2 and is therefore chosen. This industry is investigated to see if the competitiveness for the industry has been influenced by the emission trading scheme. Since the trial period is too short to give any clear results, USA has been investigated to make comparisons with Sweden. Different theories about the subject together with electricity price and production price data from Statistiska Centralbyrån. A competitiveness model is calculated with help from production prices and show that Sweden has become relatively more competitive compared to the USA since 1995. A reason for this can be the introduction of an emission trading scheme in the USA in 1995. If this is the case, the Swedish paper and pulp industry can face a decrease in competitiveness in the near future.

  • 1436.
    Östman, Beata
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Jonsson, Björn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Taxes on fossil fuels: an incentive for FDI within the biofuel industry2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for biofuels has increased over the last 30 years and at the same time period the price of oil has risen. In this thesis we have investigated the impact that taxes on fossil fuels had on the demand for biofuels between 1970 and 2003. We have looked at five different fossil fuels; the chosen fuels are the most frequently used. A large impact would lead to an increase in the biofuel market in Sweden and therefore make Sweden a more attractive alternative for foreign investors. The result might indicate trends towards the conclusion that high taxes gets more effective the larger the biofuel market becomes, this since adequate substitutes for fossil fuels are required. Unfortunately, most of our results show insignificant results and therefore no strong conclusions can be drawn.

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