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  • 13101.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Self-rated occupational balance – a generic instrument2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13102.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Hagell, Peter
    Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Construct validity of a revised version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Occupational balance is fundamental to occupational therapy and occupational science. Therefore, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed and has previously been found psychometrically valid according to classical test theory.

    Aim: To investigate the internal construct validity of the OBQ using Rasch measurement theory.

    Material and methods: Data from two general population samples were used to investigate the psychometric properties of the OBQ according to Rasch measurement theory.

    Results: The analyses identified problems with the current response scale and multidimensionality of two items. As a result, a revised version, the OBQ11, was suggested and exhibited response categories that worked properly, good reliability (0.92), model fit and measurement invariance across age and gender groups. The hierarchical item ordering was in agreement with previous research.

    Conclusion: The new OBQ11 satisfies the measurement criteria defined by the Rasch model. However, further studies of additional samples are needed to validate its generic properties.

    Significance: The purpose of the OBQ11 is to measure occupational balance of individuals or groups, and to identify aspects of occupational balance in need of improvement. Our observations suggest that the OBQ11 is a valid and promising complement to other instruments.

  • 13103.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Avdelningen för arbets- och miljömedicin, Lunds universitet, .
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Hagell, Peter
    Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap, Högskolan i Kristianstad.
    OBQ11 – ny version av Occupational Balance Questionnaire baserat på Raschanalys2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13104. Håkansson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Seiger Cronfalk, Berit
    Henriksen, Eva
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Sandberg, Jonas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    First-line managers' views on leadership and palliative care in Swedish nursing homes2013In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13105.
    Håkansson, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ordell Almqvist, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Fritidshemslärares upplevelser av naturen och dess betydelse för elevernas utveckling och lärande2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur fritidshemslärare upplevde naturen och vilken betydelse den har för elevernas utveckling och lärande. Studien är kvalitativ och sex fritidshemslärare har intervjuats på sex olika fritidshem. När det handlar om vilken betydelse utevistelsen har för eleverna menade lärarna att sättet eleverna lär sig saker på var den största förändringen. I naturen lär eleverna med alla sinnen i kroppen vilket lärarna i studien var överens om ger en bättre inlärning. När lärarna svarade på hur de arbetar med utevistelsen i naturen var leken den gemensamma nämnaren. Leken kopplat till situation och upplevelsebaserat lärande med alla sinnen ger lärarna möjlighet att använda naturen som ett extra klassrum. Samtliga lärare berättade också att de arbetar kontinuerligt med utevistelse minst en gång i veckan. Hela utevistelsen genomsyras av elevernas förbättrade hälsa och hur lärarna upplevde ett större lugn hos eleverna. Alla saker som nämnts ovan var möjligheter som lärarna såg i utevistelsen. Det hinder som lärarna berättade om är personaltätheten i förhållande till stora elevgrupper. I praktiken betyder det att alla lärare

  • 13106. Håkansson, Emma
    et al.
    Crnoja, Ana-Marija
    En kropp i obalans - att leva med Parkinsons sjukdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13107.
    Håkansson, Emmy
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Fördelning av ankomst- och avgångstider på flygplatser i Europeiska Unionen: Reglering av andrahandshandel - nu och i framtiden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to make take-off and landing procedures possible at an airport, an organized allo- cation of slots is necessary. How these slots shall be distributed among airlines is, at pre- sent, governed by the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EEC) No 95/93 of 18 Janu- ary 1993 on common rules for the allocation of slots at Community airports. It is important for the air- lines to be allocated a beneficial slot. Hence it is of great interest for the airlines to ex- change and transfer the allocated times among themselves, a form of secondary market. Whether such practices are allowed or not is not regulated by specific detail in the regula- tion, which leads to legal uncertainty. As a step in clarifying the Union's approach to the secondary market the commission presented an amendment suggestion, the so-called air- port package. The Airport package proposes an admissable secondary market.

    This essay is analyzing the impact of the current wording of the regulation, but also the im- pact made if accepting the airport package. The question that arises is which amendment contains the least disadvantages compared to most advantages. The conclusion of this es- say is that the current wording of the Regulation is unclear, as it opens up the possibility for abuse. The airport package leads to a great amount of freedom; that also opens up the pos- sibility for abuse. The proposal originally made by the commission, before the present wording of the Regulation, should be seen as the most suitable solution. 

  • 13108.
    Håkansson, Filip
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    3D PDF2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about Adobe Acrobat 3D and their new PDF format witch can contain 3 dimensional models that are interactive. The purpose is to find out if the program and the format work in a level that is suitable for the market. To create this PDF you need Acrobat 3D installed on your computer but it only needs Acrobat Reader 7 or 8 to open it, and the Reader is free to download on the internet.

    The examination is focusing on four formats: U3D, 3DS, DWG and DXF because they are the most common in the building industry seen from the architects’ way. From a 3D model exported to these four formats they where converted to PDF in different settings to be compared in different points as information and size of the files. The result where put together in tables for an easy overview.

    During the work there were no big differences between the results from the different settings noticed. The differences depended more from which format the PDF where converted from. Then the program is not that old on the market there are still some things that can be improved.

  • 13109.
    Håkansson, Gustav
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    New significant player in the oil market: What is the response on China's oil consumption from changes in oil price and income growth2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien analyseras hur Kinas konsumtion av olja påverkas av förändringar i oljepris och inkomst. Resultat visar att deras konsumtion av olja i förhållande till BNP per capita är relativt låg samt att deras fordonskoncentration är låg. År 2004 konsumerade Kina 14 procent mindre olja per capita än vad genomsnittligt land gör vid samma BNP per capitanivå. Fordonskoncentration år 2003 var 25 fordon per 1000 invånare, denna studie visar att om de hade haft en genomsnittlig fordonskoncentration skulle denna siffra varit 40 samma sätt till att vara på Deras ovan nämnda relativt låga fordonskoncentration och konsumtion av olja, kan peka mot att en fortsatt konsumtionsökning.

    År 2004 var den globala konsumtionen av olja i genomsnitt 81 miljoner fat dagligen (mb/d) och Kinas uppgick till 6.7 mb/d (BPstats ). Ett antal prognoser finns gjorda angående Kinas framtida konsumtion av olja. Enligt EIA 2005, kommer den att uppgå till 12.3 mb/d år 2020 och enligt IEA 2005 till 11.2 mb/d år 2020.

    Den empiriska undersökningen i denna studie belyser med signifikanta resultat hur Kinas konsumtion av olja påverkas utav pris- och inkomstförändringar. De ekonometriska resultaten i denna studie indikerar att deras konsumtion av olja är mer känslig för inkomst- än prisförändringar. Den långsiktiga inkomstelasticiteten uppmättes i den här studien till 1.317 och den långsiktiga priselasticiteten till -0.633. Med hänvisning till detta och ceteris paribus, kan en inkomstökning på 100 procent över perioden 2005-2020 leda till att Kina år 2020 konsumerar 17.6 mb/d. Således kan prognoserna från EIA (2005) och IEA (2005) vara underestimerade.

    De inkomst- och priselasticitet som är estimerade i denna studie konfirmerar Dargay och Gatelys resultat från 1994 att ett mindre utvecklat lands konsumtion av olja påverkas mer av förändringar i inkomst än i pris.

  • 13110.
    Håkansson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Lundquist, Hans
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Bestämning och jämförelse av lägsta detektionsintervall för odling och qPCR vid analys av Staphylococcus aureus2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hospital-acquired infections (HAI) are an increasing problem in health care facilities. In the neonatal intensive care unit at Länssjukhuset Ryhov in Jönköping, inconsistent cultivation results have been observed for suspected HAI caused by Staphylococcus aureus. To prevent HAI and to maintain patient safety, sensitive and reliable laboratory tests are essential. The aim of the study was to determine and compare the lowest range of detection for cultivation and qPCR with and without enrichment in MAMSA broth, for S. aureus. Serial dilutions of S. aureus were made, and the original concentration was determined through viable count. Cultivation on blood agar and qPCR with and without enrichment in MAMSA broth was performed. The results were used to determine a minimum detection range. For cultivation, a minimum detection range of 0,5–62 CFU/ml was determined and for qPCR a range of 6400–140 000 CFU/ml. For qPCR after enrichment in MAMSA broth, a lowest detection range of 0,6–140 CFU/ml was determined. For detection with cultivation single to tenths of CFU/ml were needed in the sample. For qPCR thousands to tenths of thousands of CFU/ml were needed. For qPCR with enrichment in MAMSA broth the detection range could be lowered to levels comparable with cultivation. For clinical application, further studies are needed with more bacterial species and replicates.

  • 13111.
    Håkansson, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Dom var liksom inte inom en viss fyrkantig ram": En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare som undervisar i årskurs 3-6 bedömer elevers multimodala texter i svenskämnet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how teachers who teaches in grades 3-6 assess students' multimodal texts in the school subject Swedish, to highlight which semiotic modalities are emphasized as important in teacher assessments of students' multimodal texts and the reasons behind it. The study is based on a socio-cultural perspective. To answer the research questions of the study, a qualitative method was used in form of semi-structured interviews. Five teachers who teach in grades 3-6 were interviewed about their experiences of assessing multimodal texts in the school subject Swedish.

    The result shows that it is important for the teachers' assessments that the students could create texts that combine typographic texts and images. The assessment of the students' images varies, as some of the teachers have assessment criteria for the picture itself and others do not.  When students are instructed to create multimodal texts that contain typographical text, the typographic text is usually the semiotic modality that is most important in teacher assessments. However, when students' multimodal texts combine spoken language and typographical text, the oral ability is considered the most significant. The support that the teachers describe they receive from the Swedish curriculum derives from the criteria that students should be able to combine typographical texts with images and sounds.

  • 13112.
    Håkansson, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Multimodala texter i skolan: En litteraturstudie om elevers läs-och skrivutveckling med hjälp av multimodala texter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Litteraturstudien behandlar elevnära, multimodala texter i undervisning. Syftet med litteraturstudien är att belysa hur undervisning med olika multimodala elevnära texter påverkar elevers läs-och skrivutveckling. Frågeställningarna som kommer att besvaras är:  Vilka möjligheter erbjuder elevnära multimodala texter för att utveckla elevers läs-och skrivförmåga?  Och på vilka sätt kan elevnära multimodala texter utgöra ett hinder för elevers läs-och skrivutveckling?

    Litteraturstudien bygger på nationell och internationell forskning om hur elevers läs-och skrivutveckling påverkas av arbete med multimodala texter. Studien behandlar 6 stycken doktorsavhandlingar och 9 vetenskapliga artiklar. Komparativ analysstrategi har använts som metod för att göra en jämförande analys. Resultatet visar att multimodala elevnära texter i undervisningen bidrar till att elever får användning av sina förkunskaper om populärkultur och att tillgången till autentiska mottagare gör att eleverna anpassar sitt textinnehåll efter mottagare. Vidare visar resultatet även att tillgången till bilder kan bidra till ökad läsförståelse men även till distraktion om utformningen är bristfällig. I resultatet framkommer det även att bedömningen av multimodala texter är något som behöver utvecklas eftersom modaliteter som ljud och bild knappt blir bedömda i elevernas multimodala texter. Slutligen visar resultatet även att multimodala E-böcker bidrar till ökad motivation och att elever läser längre stycken.

  • 13113.
    Håkansson, Mattias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Petersson, Linus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Inkomstskatteeffekter vid verksamhet i joint ventures: Med fokus på FoU-samarbeten2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The legal position concerning income taxation of R&D-cooperations in “simple companies”

    (enkla bolag) seems to be somewhat uncertain. Despite this, income tax effects of

    R&D-cooperations have been sparsely discussed in the doctrine. The emphasis of this thesis

    is on the possible income tax effects of the division of income and the possible income

    tax effects of those transfers of property that may arise in connection with R&Dcooperations.

    When studying these transactions we have found that there is a need for

    clarifications on how they shall be treated in the income tax law.

    On the basis of our thesis it is clear that the cooperation contract is of decisive importance

    for the taxation of “simple companies”. The current opinion seems to be that a cooperation

    contract can be of importance for the division of income at the income taxation without

    the need of a previous transfer of property. Nevertheless it should be required, as put

    forward in the doctrine, that the division is considered to be economically motivated and

    not only based on tax evasion purposes. Transfers of property within a cooperation could

    in some cases conduct withdrawal taxation.

    In our comparison with other forms of cooperation we have found that there are some differences

    concerning the point of time of taxation for income and the time for deducting

    expenses. This means that there could be income tax incentives to run R&D-cooperations

    in a “simple company” rather than in other forms of cooperation.

  • 13114.
    Håkansson, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Käck, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Assessing the Value of BIM: A Contractors Perspective2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BIM has been claimed to be a revolution for the construction industry and contractors are sure about the value that BIM use brings even though no one has been able to prove them. Multiple studies have been made by academics trying to create methods to either quantify or identify the value with BIM, however none of these methods are being used in practice. The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of how contractors assess the value of BIM and the reasoning behind their assessments. This is done through nine semi structured interviews with respondents from three big sized contractors in Sweden. The data from the interviews was coded and thematically analyzed. It was concluded that depending on the respondents´ perception of BIM, the value of BIM was seen as different and subsequently both the performed and aspired assessment processes. Based on that, a matrix was created, outlining the two perceptions: BIM as part of something bigger i.e. BIM as a prerequisite or BIM as a mean in of itself. Furthermore, the matrix displays four dimensions of BIM assessment: the tangibility focus, the structured approach, the intangibility focus and lastly, the non-action approach.

  • 13115.
    Håkansson, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Zäther, John
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Företagets påverkan för ett ökat BIM-användande i byggproduktionen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: There is an academic exaggeration about what potential BIM has to revolutionize the construction industry. Despite the potential, BIM is not fully utilized in the construction field, which is partly due to a lack of competence. There is too much focus on what BIM can be used for, instead of focusing on how BIM can be used. There is a mythical enthusiasm about the term, which is sometimes seen as a universal tool. BIM-coordinators are rarely located at the construction site and have difficulty understanding the problems that may arise and there is a gap in the information chain between the production and planning departments that needs to be bridged to promote the work of the production department. The aim of the report was to investigate how the use of BIM can increase in the production department. 

    Method: This report consists of a qualitative study based on the latest research in the field. The theories presented in the framework of the report have been the foundation for the formation of the study’s issues and the formation of the semi-structured interviews that where the main method for data collection.  

    Findings: In order to increase the use of BIM in the construction field, clear strategies and guidelines are required for how the construction field workers will use BIM. More resources needs to be added to BIM planning and the knowledge in the construction sites needs to be more in-depth about the processes that BIM entails so that they can set requirements for the construction planning. A clearer shared goal is required through better cooperation and an early dialogue between production and planning. BIM needs to be seen as a way of working and not as a role.  

    Implications: In order to accept BIM as a new way of working, it requires that the benefits has to be proven. Today’s BIM-coordinators have no excellence, but instead they work as a teacher for the staff in the constructions sites. More staff in the construction sites need to work with BIM daily and resources in terms of time and space needs to be set aside in construction sites. The boundary between the production and the planning departments needs to be erased to increase trust in each other. 

    Limitations: This report consists internal factors that a company itself can influence to increase the use of BIM in the construction field. The report does not consist external factors such as legal barriers, software and client requirements. The thesis is done together with Skanska Hus Syd and is thereby geographically restricted to the region Skåne. 

    Keywords: BIM, implementation, standardization, organisation, attitude, knowledge, production. 

  • 13116.
    Håkansson, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Vasaskolan, Skövde.
    Gunnarsson, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Frågan är vad frågan gör – olika frågeställningars betydelse för hur elever uttrycker och använder förändringstakt i matematik2018In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 44-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to compare the impact of different phrasings of questions as of how students relate and express relations between different quantities in student tasks concerning rate of change. Through a qualitative analysis we compare how students in ninth grade (age 15) respond to two different framings of questions, concerning how fast the volume of fluid in two medicine bags change. The analysis indicates that a comparing question (”which changes fastest?”) can open up a wide outcome space, in which we could observe five qualitatively distinct ways of solving the task. Furthermore, a question that requests a value (“how fast does it change?”) seem to encourage students to make multiplicative comparisons, which is close to the mathematical meaning of rate of change. Finally, we discuss the potential of each question for pointing to different aspects of rate of change, and how they could be used by teachers for different purposes in teaching situations.

  • 13117.
    Håkansson, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Gunnarsson, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    KEY ASPECTS OF EXPRESSING THE RATE OF CHANGE IN LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13118.
    Håkansson, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Vasaskolan, Skövde.
    Gunnarsson, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    What is critical in order to learn the average rate of change?2018In: Proceedings of the 42nd Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education: Vol. 5 / [ed] E. Bergqvist, M. Österholm, C. Granberg & L. Sumpter, Umeå: PME , 2018, p. 55-55Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13119.
    Håkansson, Sari
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Larsson, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    En studie om elevers förståelse för likhetstecknet: Ekvationsspelet i förskoleklass och årskurs 72010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13120.
    Hålander, Eva
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Competition in the Swedish Banking Sector2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to evaluate the competitive situation in the Swedish banking sector. The banking sector in Sweden is characterized by its high degree of concentration, with four major banks controlling a large share of the market. Combined with high profits and high interest margins, this has raised concerns regarding the competitive pressures in the sector. Many existing theories in the literature try to evaluate competition based on market structure, however modern research concludes that high concentration does not necessarily imply less competition. By using a model that estimates the elasticity of factor input prices, the competitive behavior among the market players can be assessed and the results reveal a less competitive situation on the Swedish market compared to previous research within the field of banking competition.    

  • 13121.
    Hållander, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Schrewelius, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med Multipel Skleros: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: To live with Multiple Sclerosis; a literature review. Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) affects people differently and their experience of the disease is different. The symptoms can affect the physical body, well-being and everyday life. The concept of sense of coherence (KASAM) is lifted, this can help people to manage the disease. The nurse can help to manage and find the everyday life more meaningful despite illness. Aim: The aim was to highlight the persons experience of living with Multiple Sclerosis. Method: A literature review of inductive approach with thirteen qualitative articles. Result: Two main themes were found with five subthemes. Losing a part of itself describes how the identity, everyday life and body image change as the body feels foreign and that the meaning of life changes. Strategies for managing daily life describe the management and acceptance of a new life situation. Appliance, planning and social contacts is a help to get control and understanding of the disease. Conclusion: The disease leads to an experience of changed identity and self-image. Social contacts and activities are affected by the disease in different ways. The management of the disease is different. The literature review provides an increased understanding and knowledge of how people with MS experience themselves in their daily lives.

  • 13122.
    Hålén, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Johansson, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Flerspråkighet i förskolan: Åtta förskollärares syn på samarbetet med modersmålslärare2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I läroplanen för förskolan betonas modersmålets betydelse både i förskolans uppdrag och i förskolans mål. Barnen ska ges möjlighet att utveckla både det svenska språket och sitt modersmål, sin kulturella identitet samt förmågan att kommunicera på både modersmålet och svenska.  Det är viktigt att redan i förskolan arbetar aktivt för att stötta barn med annat modersmål än svenska för att främja språkutvecklingen och stärka deras självkänsla.

    Studien syftar till att undersöka hur åtta förskollärare ser på samarbetet med modersmålslärare i förskolan. Våra frågeställningar är följande:

    -          Hur beskriver förskollärarna samarbetet med modersmålslärarna?

    -          Hur ser förskollärarna på vikten av samarbete med modersmålslärarna?

    För att få svar på våra frågeställningar genomförde vi kvalitativa intervjuer med åtta förskollärare i åtta olika förskolor. Vi utgick från en hermeneutisk syn i vår analysering av materialet vi fick fram genom de kvalitativa intervjuerna med förskollärarna. Urvalet av förskolorna gjorde vi medvetet med utgångspunkt att det skulle finnas minst ett par flerspråkiga barn i barngruppen.

    Resultatet av analysen visar att alla förskollärare utom en ser att det finns ett stort behov av samarbete med modersmålslärare i förskolan. Däremot menar de att det finns hinder som tid och resurser som gör att samarbetet inte är genomförbart. Främst lyfts avsaknaden av tid för gemensam planering och bristen på modersmålslärare i kommunerna. I undersökningen finns det två förskolor som har ett väl fungerande samarbete med modersmålslärare när det gäller planering, men det finns inte modersmålsstöd till alla språk. På de övriga förskolorna fanns det inget fungerande samarbete mellan förskollärare och modersmålslärare.  

  • 13123.
    Hård, Pehr
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Chemical Engineering.
    Miljödiplomering av HV712009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a degree paper made for the Engineering program in Technical Chemistry at the School of Engineering, Jönköping University.The intention of the project which is described, is to answer whether HV71 might become environmentally certified according to the criteria of "miljödiplomering". The project also included an investigation of which further steps and measures must be undertaken by the enterprise in order to achieve the certificate. The final part was to implement the necessary requirements for the certification.The report starts with a short background where the origin and function of environmental management is briefly explained.The report continues with how the practical work with the environmental certification was done according to requirements of Jönköping municipality. Motivations behind each part of the process are given as well as explanations of how each part of the process was carried out.The final result of the project was that HV71 took the measures needed to live up to the required demands. After a revision made by Miljöstrategen i Jönköping AB, HV71 passed the demands and became thereby an environmentally certified business.

  • 13124.
    Hård, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    ”Jag vill ge eleverna en upplevelse”: Pedagoger om utomhuspedagogiken och dess möjligheter och hinder i årskurs 4–6.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete var att försöka bidra till ökad förståelse för utomhuspedagogiken och dess fantastiska möjligheter! Detta genom att synliggöra pedagogers röster om hur de uppfattar utomhuspedagogikens möjligheter och hinder samt hur de använder undervisningssättet i sin undervisning. För att finna detta belystes även begreppet utomhuspedagogik och dess betydelse i studien. Många av de studier som tidigare gjorts kring utomhuspedagogik har behandlat barn i lägre åldrar, mest förekommande är barn i förskolans verksamhet. Under denna studie har det därför undersökts hur pedagoger arbetar med utomhuspedagogik i årskurserna 4-6. Metoden som har använts är en kvalitativ intervjustudie. I studien har sju stycken legitimerade lärare deltagit och samtliga arbetar i årskurs 4–6 och undervisar i de naturorienterande ämnena. 

    Slutsatsen är att samtliga pedagoger anser att utomhuspedagogik är ett viktigt inslag i undervisningen, trots detta används det inte så frekvent i undervisningen som pedagogerna önskar. 

  • 13125.
    Hård, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Svensson, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Utomhuspedagogik: En litteraturstudie om en naturlig lärmiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att skapa en bild av vilken påverkan utomhuspedagogik har på undervisningen. Studier visar att lärare och pedagoger upplever utomhuspedagogik som främmande och obekvämt, och irrelevanta argument hör till vanligheten. Detta trots att forskning visar på att elever utvecklas positivt både socialt och kunskapsmässigt ute i naturen. Metoden vi använt oss av är en kvalitativ litteraturstudie där forskning från främst Sverige har analyserats. Vi valde framförallt svensk forskning då vårt intresse varit den svenska skolan och dess läroplan. I läroplanen står det att undervisningen ska anpassas efter varje enskild individs behov och erfarenheter. Utomhuspedagogik kan vara en sådan anpassning och resultatet vi fått fram pekar på att arbetssättet till störst del gynnar elevernas utveckling, både socialt och kunskapsmässigt. Både det sociokulturella- och det konstruktivistiska perspektivet av lärande talar för att utomhuspedagogik kan vara till stor fördel när det gäller kunskapsinhämtning för elever. Samhället blir allt mer mångkulturellt och detta syns även i klassrummet där det talas mer än bara ett språk. Vår studie prövar därför även hur utomhuspedagogik kan vara stöd vid integrering av nyanlända elever med bristande kunskaper i svenska språket.

    Slutsatsen är att lärare måste bli medvetna om utomhuspedagogikens fördelar. Att använda sig av naturen som redskap gynnar såväl den enskilda eleven som hela gruppen. Studien avslutas med en diskussion där resultatet jämförs med de tidigare erfarenheter och kunskaper vi har. Resultatet vi erhållit har gjort att vi båda funnit ett intresse för utomhuspedagogik och vi hoppas kunna applicera detta på vår framtida roll som lärare i årskurs 4–6. 

  • 13126.
    Hårsmar, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Rubensson, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Ett barnanpassat boende2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This degree project is an inquiry in how plan layouts and functions should be designed to suit families with children. The project aim to, if possible, find good solutions and designed houses that satisfy the requirements a family have.

    Last spring we contacted Willa Nordic AB, a company that produce houses, and they had a suggestion to investigate living for families with children. Their motif were that they lacked in information and knowledge in how to design houses that correspond to a family's needs. We thought the idea was exiting and motivating.

    The autumn 2008 studies were made on earlier published reports, in the subject "living environment", to get a solid background. The earlier inquiries shows a clear development through the whole 1900's, from being without standards to have well defined norms. Though, there are still today no defined guidelines for how to design a house for a family.

    As a complement to the earlier published reports we have implemented one questionnaire and two interviews. Both the questionnaire and the interviews have shown us qualities that are important to provide houses made for families. We have also decided to clarify aspects as children's health and secure, and general, functional and open plan layouts.

    To get to a result we discuss a few different headlines; storage, spaces for children and youths, one or two storey, general layouts, bedrooms, open plan layout and a second entry. The discussion is made from a children and family life perspective.

    The result shows that it's impossible to design one solution that fits all families. Every family constellation and their habits looks different and there are no plan layout that satisfies all. Although we believe that there are some common points that should be considered when planning a house for families with children. It's important that the family answer questions to fulfill their needs. In the result we have illuminate some qualities that we assume positive for families with children.

  • 13127. Hérard, Jenny
    Tallinjen i det digitala läromedlet Vektor: en intervjustudie om lärares beskrivningar av tallinjen i Vektor2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13128.
    Hérard, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Karlsson, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Appar i matematikundervisningen: En litteraturstudie om appars användning i de lägre åldrarna2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler skolor satsar idag på att införa digital teknik som ett verktyg i undervisningen, vilket innebär att elevers tillgång till en dator eller surfplatta har ökat. Även om den digitala tekniken har potential att förbättra lärandet, om den används på ett medvetet sätt, sker användandet av den här teknik relativt sparsamt i dagens matematikundervisningen. Den digitala tekniken har således god potential att påverka lärandet positivt men det är viktigt att införandet av tekniken görs med ett tydligt definierat syfte av det som har för avsikt att läras ut och hur det ska ske. Det är en utmaning, inte minst då forskning om hur appar kan användas i matematikundervisningen är begränsad.

     

    Syftet med litteraturstudien är att bidra med kunskap om vilken funktion appar kan fylla för matematikundervisningen i de lägre åldrarna. Litteraturstudien har en kvalitativ ansats där innehållet i 9 tidskriftsartiklar och 2 konferensbidrag har granskats och tolkats. Vid materialanalysen arbetades olika teman fram som sedan användes för att presentera resultatet.

     

    Resultatet visade att användning av appar kan bidra till att höja nivån av motivation och engagemang hos elever. Det framgick även att appar erbjöd en del unika möjligheter som kan vara svåra att uppnå med traditionell undervisning. Till de här hör möjlighet till omedelbar feedback och vägledning, individanpassning och användning av flera sinnen. Slutsatsen är att användning av appar kan ha potential att stärka elevers lärande. Lärare har en viktig roll i att kunna avgöra när en app är ett lämpligt verktyg för att uppnå lektionsmålet eller när traditionell undervisning lämpar sig bättre.

  • 13129.
    Höcker, Filip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sturén, Carl-Oscar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Troedsson, Jacob
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Cross-Channel Integration Towards Omnichannel Retailing: A Dynamic Capabilities Approach: A case study on IKEA2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapidly changing consumer behaviour and the increasing demand of convenience has put pressure on corporations to utilise their various capabilities more dynamically. As a result, operating through channels that are not synergised is no longer as effective as it used to be, and businesses are struggling with combining their existing channels with the market development. For Multinational corporations (MNCs) traditionally based on brick-and-mortar retailing, this has proven to be especially difficult as the market develops towards electronic solutions, but with a significant demand still for physical stores.

    This study aims to, by the assistance of theory, investigate the practice of how MNCs can utilise their capabilities dynamically in order to make their cross-channel integration process more dynamic, and thus maintaining their competitive advantage.

    Empirical data has been gathered through a case study on a brick-and-mortar MNC that is, at the time of this research, going through the process of cross-channel integration. Primary data has been gathered through semi-structured interviews that has also resulted in providing the secondary data in regard to the process. The combined data has then been analysed, using a pattern matching method, together with literature within both cross-channel integration and dynamic capabilities.

    The findings indicate that resources that can be connected to theory within dynamic capabilities play a central role in successful cross-channel integration. Furthermore, being up-to-date in terms of trends & development, having clear, change encouraging, company values and making sure that the employees are actively participating in the process is indicated to be of especial importance.

  • 13130.
    Högberg, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Corporate governance, legal origin and firm performance: an Asian perspective2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with corporate governance, legal origin and firm performance with a focus mainly on Asia. The dissertation consists of four individual papers and an introductory chapter. All papers can be read individually but share a common theme in corporate governance and investments. The main region of interest is Asia due to its special characteristics of ownership structures and governance. However, comparative studies of Asia and Europe as well as global outlooks are included in the dissertation too. The papers contribute to research by studying effects on investment performance, firm performance, capital allocation and capital structure from legal traditions, institutional indicators and ownership type.

    The first paper focuses on family ownership which is found to affect firm performance negatively when using measures of firm valuation and returns, but investment performance positively when measured by marginal q. This suggest that family owned firms may be better at avoiding bad investments but at the same time have lower market valuation and returns to capital compared to firms with other owners.

    The second paper investigates investment performance and firm size in terms of number of employees in 58 countries around the world. It is found that initial increase of staff size tend to positively affect investment performance overall, but excessive employment has a negative impact on investment performance.

    The third paper studies the capital allocation in India after their economic reforms in the 1990s. It is found that allocation of capital has been slow to respond to reforms and firms face significant costs in adjusting their capital stock, leading to inefficient capital allocation.

    The fourth paper deals with firm capital structure in 24 Asian and European countries. Both financial market indicators of maturity and firm specific characteristics influence the leverage of firms. Financial market maturity measures have a negative effect on debt levels as do family ownership of firms.

  • 13131.
    Högberg, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Formal and Informal Institutions in Asia: A Survey of Asian Corporate Governance2009In: Risk Management and Corporate Governance / [ed] Robert W. Kolb, professor Loyola University, Chicago, US, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Comparative literature in corporate governance typically separate between countries with different legal origin, institutions and corporate traditions. However, the importance of informal institutions and their effects on the economic development, firm performance and corporate governance should not be neglected. Informal institutions have been claimed to be of extra importance foremost Asia.

    This paper comprise of a general discussion on legal origin and formal and informal institutions. This discussion is then connected to recent studies on corporate governance issues in Asia. The results are mixed, but a general picture of corporate governance in Asia is presented. Foremost formal institutions and legislations seems to have their intended effect on the economy in general.

    However, differences between the countries become clear and the influence of informal institutions seems to differ substantially between the Asian countries. The impact of formal institutions in contrast to informal institutions is important since the economical effects for many of the developing countries in the region may be imperative.

  • 13132.
    Högberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Large Listed Firms in Europe: Impact of legal tradition and ownership structure onperformance2009In: Europeisk integration i svensk ekonomisk forskning: SNEE:s 11 årliga konferens / [ed] Lars Oxelheim, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the impact of legal tradition and ownership on investment performance in large European listed firms. Europe is of special interest in this sense since the legal systems differs widely. Anglo Saxon, Scandinavian, German as well as French variants of legal systems can be found in representative forms in a concentrated geographical area. It is also interesting as the dispersed ownership pattern discussed and theoretized in much of the corporate governance literature is only common in Anglo Saxon countries. Most countries show a rather concentrated ownership of listed firms.

    This study differs from earlier studies by concentrating on large listed firms. These are firms in which shareholder protection should be most important for handling typical corporate governance problems. The results show in line with the expectations that performance is lower in these large firms. Somewhat unexpectedly the results also indicate that the Anglo Saxon legal system is no guarantee for good governance and importance. A possible explanation is that shareholder protection changes over time in a fashion that does not always follows legal origin demarcations.

  • 13133.
    Högberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Legal Origin and Size Effects in European Listed Firms2010In: European Academy of Management, EURAM 10th annual conference: Back to the future, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the impact of legal tradition and firm size on investment performance for firms in 16 European countries. Europe as a region is of special interest since the legal systems differs widely. Anglo Saxon, German, French as well as Scandinavian variants of legal systems can be found in Europe. Previous studies suggest that minority shareholders enjoy a higher degree of property rights protection in common law (Anglo Saxon) countries compared to civil law (French, German and Scandinavian) countries. The cost of governance as a function of firm size is examined. We also look at expropriation of minority shareholders as a result of large organizations and hierarchies.This study differs from earlier studies by concentrating on the firm size and its effects on investment performance and by connecting it to the legal origin in each of the 16 European countries included in the study. For civil law countries we find, as expected, a negative relation between firm size and performance while there is no relation for common law countries. For individual countries, the effect of firm size and legal origin on investment performance is however ambiguous.

  • 13134.
    Högberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Eklund, Johan E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Desai, Sameeksha
    University of Missouri Kansas City.
    Promarket reforms and allocation of capital in India2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The government of India initiated pro-market reforms in the 1990s, after almost five decades of socialist planning. These and subsequent policy reforms are credited as the drivers of India’s radical economic transformation. Prior to reforms, private investment was strictly regulated and restricted to limited sectors. There have since been numerous changes in sectors important for investment, such as the bank sector, which affects outcomes of firm-level strategic decision making and investment behavior. By most estimates, India’s economy will continue to grow rapidly. The purpose of this paper is to investigate changes in investment behavior from the introduction of reforms to current conditions. Reforms changed several institutional frameworks for firm operations, allowing firms to pursue more competitive strategies. Given the importance of ownership in determining firm efficiency and access to capital, we examine the effect of ownership type, and also control for industry differences in capital allocation. We compute a measure of investment efficiency derived from the accelerator principle: Elasticity of capital with respect to output. We find that the allocation of capital has been slow to respond to reforms, indicating similar pace of firm responses. The findings suggest that firms face significant costs in adjusting their capital stock, which in turn leads to inefficient capital allocation. Surprisingly, we find no significant improvement over the 1991-2006 time period.

  • 13135.
    Högberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Firm performance in Scandinavia and South East Asia2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that differences in corporate governance systems, traditions, and both formal and informal institutions appear to correlate with firm performance. It has been suggested that Scandinavia and South East Asia have similar ownership structures with vote differential shares, pyramids and strong family ownership. However, the regions have different legal traditions and hence formal institutions, and also informal institutions. This paper presents a detailed overview of firm performance for a sample of listed firms in Scandinavia (represented by Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) and South East Asia (represented by Malaysia, Thailand, Hong Kong, Taiwan and South Korea). Firm performance is estimated using both the Marginal q-approach and the Tobin’s Q on an unbalanced dataset from 1998 to 2006.

  • 13136.
    Högberg, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Att undervisa i de litterära epokerna: Gymnasielärares syn på epokundervisningen i svenskämnet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13137.
    Högberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Pettersson, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sär skrivning - ett problem?: En studie om elevers uppfattningar om särskrivningar samt hur lärare beskriver att de arbetar med det2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att bilda kunskap om elevers uppfattningar av och lärares undervisning om särskrivningar. Det görs utifrån frågeställningarna:

    • Hur uppfattar elever särskrivningar?
    • Hur beskriver lärare att de arbetar med särskrivningar i undervisningen?

    För att besvara syfte och frågeställningar byggdes studien på en kvalitativ undersökning där lärare och elever på två skolor i södra Sverige intervjuades. Intervjuerna genomfördes med fem lärare som undervisar i svenska samt med sju elever i årskurs sex.

    Datamaterialet analyserades utifrån en fenomenografisk ansats, vilken är den grund studien vilar på. Materialet analyserades och ledde fram till sex kategorier. Kategorierna från elevintervjuerna blev; uppfattas sällan i text, känner igen ordet, ord kan missuppfattas och förstår ändå. Kategorierna från lärarintervjuerna blev; individuell undervisning och gemensam undervisning.

    Resultatet utformas utifrån kategorierna och visar bland annat att elever inte uppfattar särskrivningar i text och att vissa särskrivna ord kan missuppfattas men i de allra flesta fall anser elever att läsaren förstår ändå. Resultatet visar även att lärare främst undervisar om särskrivningar individuellt med elever under pågående arbete med skrivna texter. Enstaka tillfällen hålls gemensam undervisning där lärare vanligtvis lyfter exempel på särskrivningar.

    Syftet med studien är att bilda kunskap om elevers uppfattningar av och lärares undervisning om särskrivningar. Det görs utifrån frågeställningarna:

    • Hur uppfattar elever särskrivningar?
    • Hur beskriver lärare att de arbetar med särskrivningar i undervisningen?

    För att besvara syfte och frågeställningar byggdes studien på en kvalitativ undersökning där lärare och elever på två skolor i södra Sverige intervjuades. Intervjuerna genomfördes med fem lärare som undervisar i svenska samt med sju elever i årskurs sex.

    Datamaterialet analyserades utifrån en fenomenografisk ansats, vilken är den grund studien vilar på. Materialet analyserades och ledde fram till sex kategorier. Kategorierna från elevintervjuerna blev; uppfattas sällan i text, känner igen ordet, ord kan missuppfattas och förstår ändå. Kategorierna från lärarintervjuerna blev; individuell undervisning och gemensam undervisning.

    Resultatet utformas utifrån kategorierna och visar bland annat att elever inte uppfattar särskrivningar i text och att vissa särskrivna ord kan missuppfattas men i de allra flesta fall anser elever att läsaren förstår ändå. Resultatet visar även att lärare främst undervisar om särskrivningar individuellt med elever under pågående arbete med skrivna texter. Enstaka tillfällen hålls gemensam undervisning där lärare vanligtvis lyfter exempel på särskrivningar.

  • 13138.
    Högberg, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Jansson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Upplevelsen av smärta vid fibromyalgi - en litteraturöversikt.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fibromyalgia is a disease characterized by pain, fatigue and stiffness and the disease is more common in women than in men. The purpose of this literature review was to describe peoples experience of pain in fibromyalgia. SOC was used as the theoretical anchor. A qualitative approach was chosen and a total of 13 scientific papers compiled a result. Articles have been quality assessed under Health Academy review protocols, focusing on ethical considerations. They were analyzed according to a five-stage model. The results formed the three themes which included how people with fibromyalgia experienced ambient distrust over their pain, how their social life were affected and how this led to loneliness. It also showed that the perceived limitations of various kinds in daily life contributed to difficulty in planning their lives. Sleep, fatigue and pain emerged as interconnected, forming a vicious cycle that affected each other. Different feelings and experiences emerged, and ways to deal with life after illness onset and various mitigation factors. The conclusion is that people with fibromyalgia often feel distrusted from the environment and even health care. Fibromyalgia was found to affect people on many levels such as mentally, physically, socially and emotionally.

  • 13139.
    Högberg, Gustav
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Karlsson, Pontus
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Detektion och kvantifiering av två olika isoformer av PDIA3 i prostatacancerceller2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need for more specific biomarkers related to prostate cancer, which would increase treatment options. Different isoforms of protein disulfide isomerase family A, member 3 (PDIA3) are associated with prostate cancer and can potentially be used as biomarkers. The aims of this study were to detect, quantify and examine the gene expression of the protein coding isoform PDIA3-201 and a newly discovered isoform of PDIA3 (PDIA3-Novel) in prostate cancer cells in varying stages. The expression was analysed using droplet digital Polymerase Chain Reaction (ddPCR) in normal prostate cells and in prostate cancer cell lines (PNT2, DU145, PC3 and LNCaP). Variation within replicates and between different dilutions were observed. The ratio of concentrations between PDIA3-Novel and PDIA3-201 differed both within and between the cell lines. The expression of PDIA3-Novel was higher in PNT2 and PC3 compared to DU145. The expression of PDIA3-Novel was higher in the metastatic stage of prostate cancer (LNCaP), but the flaws in the study reduces the reliability of the results. The results of this study indicate that PDIA3-Novel can be used as a biomarker for prostate cancer and provide information beneficial for treatment. More experiments on a larger scale needs to be performed.

  • 13140.
    Högberg, Joanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Jansson, Linn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bråkenhielm, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Såg du, älskling?: En studie om könsskillnader i produktplacering2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Användningen av produktplacering har ökat då traditionell marknadskommunikation till viss del förlorat sin trovärdighet och kan undvikas av mottagaren. Framväxten av produktplacering har inneburit att det kommit att bli ett betydande kommunikationsverktyg. Kommunikationen mellan sändare och mottagare beskrivs i kommunikationsprocessen där sändaren skickar ett meddelande/budskap genom ett visst media som ska avkodas av mottagaren. Vad mottagaren uppfattar beror på vad som avkodas, och detta skiljer sig mellan individer. För att gruppera individer används ofta kön, och i marknadsföringssammanhang utgör det en stor segmenteringsvariabel. Vidare är skillnader mellan män och kvinnor ett ämne som ständigt uppmärksammas.

    Det verkade intressant att knyta samman ovanstående områden och undersöka könsskillnader i hur produktplacering uppfattas. Uppsatsens syfte var att skapa förståelse kring vad för produktplacering som uppfattas av män och kvinnor.

    För att uppnå detta gjordes en innehållsanalys av ett avsnitt av ett tv-program och intervjuer med respondenter som tittat på avsnittet genomfördes. Sju män och sju kvinnor deltog i undersökningen.

    Studiens indikationer är att män uppfattar fler produktplaceringar än kvinnor. Det kan dock inte sägas att vissa klassificeringar av produktplacering uppfattas bättre än andra då det framkommit att det kan vara andra bakomliggande faktorer till att just en produktplacering har uppfattas. Dessa faktorer har visat sig kunna vara exempelvis intresse, varumärkeskännedom, genus/självscheman, psykologisk orientering, selektiv perception, brus etcetera. Förhoppningsvis ger studien ett underlag och väcker intresse inför framtida forskning inom ämnet.

  • 13141. Högberg, Johanna
    et al.
    Nilsson, John
    Att leva med en familjemedlem som har en demenssjukdom: en litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13142.
    Högberg, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Web-based counselling to patients with haematological diseases2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with haematological diseases are entitled to supportive care. Considering organisational and technological development, support in the form of caring communication provided through the web is today a possible alternative. The aim of this thesis was to examine the usefulness and importance of a web-based counselling service to patients with haematological diseases. The basis for the thesis was a development project funded by the Swedish Cancer Society, which provided an opportunity to offer patients communication with a nurse through a web-based counselling service.

    Four studies were performed from a patient perspective. Study I had a cross-sectional design, measuring occurrence of anxiety and depression, and these variables’ associations to mastery, social support, and insomnia among patients with haematological diseases. Study II was a qualitative content analysis focusing on conditions for provision and use of the web-based counselling service. Study III used a qualitative hermeneutical approach to focus on patients’ experiences of using the counselling service. Study IV was a qualitative deductive analysis examining how communication within the web-based counselling service can be caring in accordance to caring theory.

    The results revealed that females of 30-49 years of age are vulnerable to experiencing anxiety. Low sense of mastery and support are associated with anxiety and/or depression. Being able to self-identify the need for support as well as appreciate the written medium are necessary conditions for the web-based counselling service to be used. The counselling service must also be part of a comprehensive range of supportive activities and web-based services to be useful. The main importance of the communication is that the patient’s influence on the communication is strengthened, and that the constant access to individual medical and caring assessment can imply a sense of safety. When patients share their innermost concerns and search for support, nursing compassion and competence can substantiate in explicit written responses.

    A conclusion is that there is a caring potential in communication within a web-based counselling service. To make this form of communication possible, nurses should take possession of and ensure that this medium for communication is offered to patients. Nurses should also increase their knowledge of caring communication in writing and how this possibly can impact patients.

  • 13143.
    Högberg, Karin M
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Sandman, Lars
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Stockelberg, Dick
    Southern Älvsborg Hospital, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Caring Through Web-Based Communication: A Qualitative Evaluation of a Nursing Intervention to Create Holistic Well-Being Among Patients With Hematological Disease.2018In: Journal of Holistic Nursing, ISSN 0898-0101, E-ISSN 1552-5724, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 218-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To examine how written communication between patients with hematological diseases and a nurse within a web-based communication service can be caring.

    DESIGN: The study is based on qualitative deductive content analysis of 109 written messages between 10 patients and a responding nurse. The evaluated nursing intervention is a web-based communication service where patients could request support from a responding nurse during 2 months of use. A structured theoretical matrix based on Swanson's theory of caring including compassion, competence, and upholding trust is used for the analysis.

    FINDINGS: Nursing compassion emerges when patients share personal matters and the nurse has an opportunity to explicitly display genuine interest and understanding. Nursing competence is required when patients ask for or are in need of information, advice, and emotional support. The nurse can uphold trust when compassion and competence are exhibited and patients share their innermost feelings.

    CONCLUSIONS: Web-based communication has the potential to contribute to holistic well-being according to Swanson's theory of caring. The written word lasts, can be read repeatedly, and in connection with writing there is time for reflection. However, the lack of nonverbal cues makes it important that the nurse answers in a fully accurate and explicitly caring way.

  • 13144.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Sandman, Lars
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nyström, Maria
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås.
    Caring through web-based counselling — A nursing intervention2015In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13145.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Sandman, Lars
    School of Health Science, University of Borås.
    Nyström, Maria
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås.
    Stockelberg, Dick
    Section for Hematology and Coagulation, Dept of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Prerequisites required for the provision and use of web-based communication for psychosocial support in haematologic care2013In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 596-602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study was to describe the prerequisites required for the provision and use of web-based communication for psychosocial support within a haematology clinic, from a patient and family perspective.

    Method

    A qualitative design using content analysis was used. A strategically selected sample of patients (n = 11) and family members (n = 6) were offered access to a web-based communication capability with a nurse. After four months, individual interviews were conducted with all participants, in order to identify necessary prerequisites.

    Results

    Preferences and characteristics of the individual patient or family member are crucial as to whether web-based communication for support is perceived as useful. To feel comfortable with writing and to self-identify the need for support are fundamental in getting motivated to use web-based communication. An effective organization around psychosocial support in general is another prerequisite. Goals and responsibilities must be clearly defined for patients and family members to understand their rights and enable the transformation of opportunities into practice. The use of web-based communication must also be a convenient and naturally incorporated part of both individual and organizational use of the web in general.

    Conclusions

    Prerequisites of taking into account caretakers' different preferences and needs, providing highly structured psychosocial support activities and providing a congruent range of web services, are necessary for successful provision and use of web-based communication for psychosocial support.

  • 13146.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Sandman, Lars
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås.
    Stockelberg, Dick
    Department of Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nyström, Maria
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås.
    Psychosocial factors associated with anxiety and depression in patients with hematological diseasesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 13147.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Stockelberg, Dick
    Department of Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sandman, Lars
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nyström, Maria
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås.
    The meaning of web-based communication for support: From the patients' perspective within a hematological healthcare setting2015In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 145-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Being critically ill with a hematological disease is a challenge, sometimes causing a need for support in the adjustment to the stressful life situation. By providing Web-based communication for support from a nurse, patients get access to an alternative and untraditional way to communicate their issues.

    OBJECTIVE:

    The aim was to describe the meaning of using Web-based communication for support from a patient perspective.

    METHODS:

    A comprehensive randomized pilot study (n = 30) was conducted, allowing 15 patients in the experimental group to have access to the Web-based communication, to evaluate feasibility. Of these 15 participants, 10 were interviewed, focusing on their experiences. An empirical hermeneutical approach was used and the interpretive analysis focused on the meanings.

    RESULTS:

    Web-based communication for support means a space for patients to have their say, consolidation of a matter, an extended caring relationship, access to individual medical assessment, and an opportunity for emotional processing. The main interpretation indicates that the patient's influence on the communication strengthens according to the asynchronous, faceless, and written communication. The increased, and in some sense constant, access to an individual medical and caring assessment, in turn, implies a feeling of safety.

    CONCLUSION:

    Web-based communication for support seems to have the potential to enhance patients' participation on their own terms.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:

    To achieve the possible advantages of Web-based communication for support, nurses must acquire knowledge about caring writing. It requires respect for the patient and articulated accuracy and attention in the response given.

  • 13148. Högberg, Li
    et al.
    Salomonsson, Kent
    Simulation of an adhesive layer using a novel mixed mode cohesive law2006In: CDCM 2006-Conference on Damage in Composite Materials 2006 18th-19th of September 2006 in Stuttgart, Germany: Online-Proceedings, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work is to develop a flexible cohesive law to simulate the constitutive behaviour of an adhesive layer under mixed mode loading. A mixed mode cohesive law that captures the linear elastic and softening behaviour before fracture is presented. This simple model uses a coupled formulation to describe the mixed mode cohesive behaviour. It also allows for different fracture parameters, such as fracture energy, strength and critical separation in different mode mixities. Thus, the fracture process in mode I (peel), in mode II (shear) or in mixed mode (a combination of peel and shear) can be modelled without the usual constraint of a common fracture energy in peel and shear. Examples are given of FE-implementation of the normalised cohesive law, namely for the Unsymmetric Double Cantilever Beam (UDCB) specimen and the Mixed-mode double Cantilever Beam (MCB) specimen. Both specimens are adhesively bonded and loaded in mixed-mode.

  • 13149. Högberg, Sören
    et al.
    Jadrny, Reinhard
    Karlsson, Sven-Erik
    Malmsten, Göran
    Nilsson, Örjan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Physics.
    Relative internal conversion electron intensities of the 113 keV transition in 177 Hf1972In: Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, ISSN 0939-7922, Vol. 254, no 2, p. 89-97Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13150.
    Högel, Markus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Schröder, Axel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Differences in Sharee Motivations to Participate in Car Sharing with Regard to Ownership Allocation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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