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  • 13001.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    International Copyright and Intellectual Property Law: Challenges for Media Content Producers2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The interaction between national and international laws, and the realities of contemporary global trade in media content in a predominantly digital environment, raise challenges, uncertainties and opportunities for media companies. When it comes to licensing, protecting and enforcing copyright and other intellectual property rights, media companies and their advisers need to understand and make use of not only national but international legal rules.

    The chapters in this book offer a variety of perspectives on the relevance of international copyright and other intellectual property regimes to media businesses. What do these international rules mean in reality, how are they taken into account in national systems, what challenges do they pose, what sort of future development are we likely to see, and what are the implications of all this for media businesses seeking to benefit from their content production in the international arena?

    The book is comprised of papers and edited transcripts of talks delivered at a symposium of the same name which took place in Stockholm, Sweden in October 2007 and which gathered together speakers from across Europe representing legal practice, academia, policy-making and media content production and distribution.

  • 13002.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    International copyright and the TV format industry2008In: International Copyright and Intellectual Property Law: Challenges for Media Content Producers, Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School , 2008, p. 71-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the limited, but growing, body of case law in various jurisdictions which has examined the question of copyright protection for TV formats. Two broad approaches can be identified on the part of the courts involved: (1) to try to draw analogies or parallels between TV formats and plays or scripted dramas; or (2) to examine the nature of the TV format on its own merits, in terms of its original and identifiable structure and fixed elements. The first approach makes it very difficult to find copyright protection; the second has borne fruit in some of the cases. One possible reason for these divergent approaches may derive from the way in which the definition in the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 1886 of copyright ‘works’ has been implemented into national legislation. Where the national legislation defines a copyright work as one of a limited list of categories, the courts have been forced to take the ‘dramatic work’-analogy approach: in other words, to try to shoe-horn TV formats into a particular pre-defined box. On the other hand, where national copyright acts have more faithfully followed the Berne Convention illustrative list, there seems to be less of an intellectual challenge in finding possible copyright protection. This paper examines whether there are patterns that can be followed and, without moving into the subsequent issue of copyright infringement, the implications for TV format producers and distributors at the licensing stage.

  • 13003.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    International Copyright and the TV Format Industry2008In: IUR-Information, Vol. 2007, no 8, p. 4-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the limited, but growing, body of case law in various jurisdictions which has addressed the question of copyright protection for TV formats. Two broad approaches can be identified on the part of the courts involved: (1) to try to draw analogies or parallels between TV formats and plays or scripted dramas; or (2) to examine the nature of the TV format on its own merits, in terms of its original and identifiable structure and fixed elements. The first approach makes it very difficult to find copyright protection; the second has borne fruit in some of the cases. One possible reason for these divergent approaches may derive from the way in which the definition in the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 1886 of copyright ‘works’ has been implemented into national legislation. Where the national legislation defines a copyright work as one of a limited list of categories, the courts have been forced to take the ‘dramatic work’-analogy approach: in other words, to try to shoe-horn TV formats into a particular pre-defined box. On the other hand, where national copyright acts have more faithfully followed the Berne Convention illustrative list, there seems to be less of an intellectual challenge in finding potential subsistence of copyright. This article looks to see whether there are patterns in the international treatment, concluding with a discussion of the Scandinavian position, as well as some commercial implications for TV format producers and distributors at the licensing stage. This article is only concerned with subsistence of copyright, and does not address infringement in any detail.

  • 13004.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Mr Chips says goodbye to reversionary interest2004In: World Copyright Law Report, no June 14 2004Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews the English case of Novello and Company Ltd v Keith Prowse Music Publishing Company Ltd (2004), the first case to consider the issue of how copyright in reversionary interests, which could not be assigned during the author's lifetime under the 1911 Copyright Act, may be assigned under later laws.

  • 13005.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Protection for television show formats: a review of the position under English copyright law2006In: IUR-Information, no 1, p. 4-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article surveys the scope of protection for television programme formats under English intellectual property law. It discusses what is meant by a 'TV format' and the growth in this phenomenon, and looks at the requirements for being a copyright work under English law and the circumstances in which such a work will be infringed, concluding that the law in this area is at best uncertain.

  • 13006.
    Hunter, Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Celebrity entrepreneurship and celebrity endorsement: Similarities, differences and the effect of deeper engagement2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasingly, celebrities appear not only as endorsers for products but are apparently engaged in entrepreneurial roles as initiators, owners and perhaps even managers in the ventures that market the products they promote. Despite being extensively referred to in popular media, scholars have been slow to recognize the importance of this new phenomenon.

    This thesis argues theoretically and shows empirically that celebrityentrepreneurs are more effective communicators than typical celebrityendorsers because of their increased engagement with ventures.

    I theorize that greater Engagement increases the celebrity's Emotional Involvement as perceived by consumers. This is an endorser quality thus far neglected in the marketing communications literature. In turn, Emotional Involvement, much like the empirically established dimensions Trustworthiness, Expertise and Attractiveness, should affect traditional outcome variables such as Attitude Towards the Advertisement and Brand. On the downside, increases in celebrity engagement may lead to relatively stronger and worsening changes in Attitudes Towards the Brand if and when negative information about the celebrity is revealed.

    A series of eight experiments were conducted on 781 Swedish and Baltic students and 151 Swedish retirees. Though there were nuanced differences and additional complexities in each experiment, participants' reactions to advertisements containing a celebrity portrayed as a typical endorser or entrepreneur were recorded.

    The overall results of these experiments suggest that Emotional Involvement can be successfully operationalized as distinct from variables previously known to influence Communication Effectiveness. In addition, Emotional Involvement has positive effects on Attitudes Toward the Advertisement and Brand that are as strong as the predictors traditionally applied in the marketing communications literature. Moreover, the celebrity entrepreneur condition in the experimental manipulation consistently led to an increase in Emotional Involvement and to a lesser extent Trustworthiness, but not Expertise and Attractiveness. Finally, Negative Celebrity Information led toa change in participants' Attitudes Towards the Brand which was more strongly negative for celebrity entrepreneurs than celebrity endorsers. In addition the effect of negative celebrity information on a company's brand is worse when they support the celebrity rather than fire them. However this effect did not appear to interact with the celebrity's purported Engagement.

  • 13007.
    Hunter, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Burgers, Henri
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Celebrity capital as a strategic asset: Implications for new venture strategies2009In: Entrepreneurial Strategic Content, Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press , 2009, p. 137-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite an increase in businesses started by celebrities, we have limited understanding as to how celebrity entrepreneurs benefit new ventures. Drawing on a reputational capital perspective, we develop the notion of celebrity capital and show how it can be used to uniquely differentiate the venture and to overcome liabilities of newness. We discuss how celebrity capital can negatively influence the venture in terms of limiting the scope of the venture and when negative information about the celebrity surfaces. We discuss the different strategic implications of celebrity capital for ventures using celebrity entrepreneurs versus endorsers.

  • 13008.
    Hunter, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Celebrity Entrepreneurship: An Experimental Study of a Phenomenon in Emergence2006In: Regional Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2006: 3rd International AGSE Entrepreneurship Research Exchange, Feb 7-10, 2006, Unitec, Auckland, New Zealand, Melbourne: The Australian Graduate School of Entrepreneurship, Swinburne University of Technology , 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13009.
    Hunter, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Celebrity Entrepreneurship: Communication Effectiveness through Perceived Involvement2007In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 505-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Increasingly, celebrities appear not only as endorsers for products but are apparently involved in entrepreneurial roles—as initiators, part owners and/or in managerial capacities—in the ventures that market the products they promote. We call this phenomenon Celebrity Entrepreneurship. Whether or not this type of involvement on the part of the celebrity is original and genuine, it may be suspected that celebrity entrepreneurs are more effective communicators than typical celebrity endorsers. This research hypothesizes that such is the case. Further, we hypothesize that this is because celebrity entrepreneurship leads to higher perceptions of a source’s Involvement—an endorser quality hitherto neglected in the marketing communication literature—which in turn affects traditional outcome variables such as Aad (Attitude toward the ad) and Abr (Attitude towards the brand). Based on two experiments using subjects from the relevant product target group (n=88 and n=77) we tested their reactions to advertisements containing the celebrity Cameron Diaz after exposure to one of three experimental conditions: entrepreneur; mere endorser, and no information (control). The results confirm that a) involvement can successfully be operationalized as distinct from variables previously shown to influence communicator effectiveness (trustworthiness, attractiveness and expertise), b) involvement has a positive effect on Aad and Abr over and above the traditional predictors and control variables, and c) the celebrity entrepreneur condition in the experimental manipulation leads to increased perceived involvement.

  • 13010.
    Hunter, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Celebrity entrepreneurship: The effect of negative celebrity information on the new venture2008In: Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC) 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Increasingly, celebrities engage in business not just as endorsers but also with a financial stake and decision-making role in the business. Whether initiated by the celebrity or by other founders, we refer to such instances of new ventures entering the market with a celebrity engaged in such ways as “celebrity entrepreneurship”. Partnering with a celebrity rather than contracting them as a celebrity endorser is not without its risks. Even the most mundane information concerning the lives of celebrities is newsworthy so when negative information concerning a celebrity surfaces, it spreads fast. When celebrities are involved with starting or owning a company, they carry their name with them. Under such circumstances, negative information about the celebrity might reflect negatively on the company as well. Our findings suggest that negative information a) leads to negative attitudes towards the new venture and promotion, b) which is comparable worse for celebrity entrepreneur led new ventures; c) new ventures can potentially reduce damage to their brand by distancing themselves from the celebrity, d) however, such a maneuver may not be as effective when the new venture is run by a celebrity entrepreneur.

  • 13011.
    Hunter, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Anderson, Helén
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Celebrity Entrepreneurship: An Experimental Study of a Phenomenon in Emergence2006In: Proceeding of the 35th EMAC Conference, Athens 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13012.
    Hunter, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Anderson, Helén
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Celebrity Entrepreneurship: Insights for New Venture Strategy2007In: Frontiers of entrepreneurship research 2007: Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference / [ed] Andrew Zacharakis et al., Wellesley, MA.: Babson College , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we investigate a relatively new empirical phenomenon: Celebrity Entrepreneurship. By conducting three experiments on a total of 314 participants, designed to reflect a new venture promotional setting, we find support for our hypothesis that celebrity entrepreneurs are more effective communicators than ordinary celebrity endorsers. This is apparently due to an increase in their perceived involvement with the companies they endorse. Specifically, our results show that increasing levels of perceived involvement has a positive effect on attitudes towards new ventures and advertisements.

  • 13013. Hunter, Robert L
    et al.
    Cunningham, Gary M
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Evans, Thomas G
    Are Multinational Liquidity Management Models Worth Their Cost?1979In: Management Accounting, ISSN 0025-1690, Vol. 61, no 6, p. 51-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As multinational corporations (MNCs) have increased the scope and complexity of their operations, the need for liquidity management systems has become increasingly apparent. The aftermath of FAS No. 8 on foreign currency translation and subsequent studies on foreign exchange risk management indicate that MNCs are increasingly seeking to use these systems to control and use...

  • 13014. Hunyadi, Laszlo
    et al.
    Fasth, Kay
    Sunnersjö, Staffan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Nilsson, Leif
    Dahlberg, Olof
    Sjödin, Jan-Olof
    Bruse, Anders
    Vibrationsövervakning av roterande komponenter1981Report (Other academic)
  • 13015.
    Huo, Hongwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Gidlund, Mikael
    ABB Corporate Research.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Coexistence Issues of 2.4GHz Sensor Networks at Home2010In: Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications, ISSN 1005-8885, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 9-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13016.
    Huo, Hongwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Shen, Wei
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Virtual hypercube routing in wireless sensor networks for health care systems2010In: Chinese journal of electronics, ISSN 1022-4653, E-ISSN 2075-5597, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 138-144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13017.
    Huo, Hongwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Shen, Wei
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Zhang, Hongke
    The effect of human activities on 2.4 GHz radio propagation at home environment2009In: Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on broadband network & multimedia technology (IC-BNMT2009), Beijing, China, Oct. 18-20, 2009 (EI, ISTP), IEEE , 2009, p. 95-99Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13018.
    Huo, Hongwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Bilen, Celal Can
    Zhang, Hongke
    Coexistence issues of 2.4 GHz sensor networks with other RF devices at home2009In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (Sensorcomm 2009), June 18-23, 2009, Athens, Greece, IEEE , 2009, p. 200-205Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13019.
    Huo, Hongwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Yan, Hairong
    Mubeen, Saad
    Zhang, Hongke
    An elderly health care system using wireless sensor networks at home2009In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (Sensorcomm 2009), June 18-23, 2009, Athens, Greece, IEEE , 2009, p. 158-163Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13020.
    Huq, Nasimul
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Shah, Syed Mushtaq Ali
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Why Selecting an Open Source ERP over Proprietary ERP?: A focus on SMEs and Suppliers perspective2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Open Source ERP is considered as a viable alternative of proprietary ERP paradigm. Open Source ERP is getting more and more acceptance among Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) recently. Majority of Proprietary ERP vendors are changing their strategy nowadays and extend their focus on SMEs, even though SMEs are not that interested in Proprietary ERP systems. The factors that may motivate SMEs to select an Open Source ERP over proprietary ERP are not identified empirically in previous researches. Few researches raised the issue of cost and thus proposed that Open Source ERP is appropriate for SMEs. The other factors than cost involved in the selection process are yet to investigate empirically.

    Purpose: The overall purpose of this thesis work is to contribute in knowledge domain of Open Source ERP. Open Source ERP is an emergent area but it has the potential to attract many organizations to implement this kind of ERP Systems. The issue under investigation throughout this research will be the selection process of Open Source ERP in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs). The focus will be to identify mutually most important factors, from the perspective of SMEs and Suppliers that may motivate the Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) to select OS ERP.

    Method: Data obtained from the respondents is quantified in the research. Information gathered from the SMEs who have implemented Open Source ERP and from the Suppliers through web based survey. Two separate questionnaires comprised of various questions related to different factors in selecting of Open Source ERP solutions were made and sent to both SMEs and Suppliers of Open Source ERP. Opinion from an Open Source ERP expert is obtained regarding different factors motivate SMEs to select Open Source ERP. The results obtained from respondents through empirical findings were analyzed thereafter.

    Conclusions: SMEs were investigated regarding the importance of various rationales when they were selecting Open Source ERP solutions. The degree of importance of various factors in selection process might be diverse from organization to organization. It might be dependent on the size, geographical location of the organization or many other issues. Despite all this, there might be some common factors that may be always considered as foremost factors which influence SMEs to select an Open Source ERP over proprietary ERP.

  • 13021.
    Hurtig Andersen, Philip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Björhag, Martina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Responses from Firm Failure- Attributions and Emotions2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13022.
    Hurtig, Charlotta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hortlund, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ledtidsreduktion på El-Björn AB - ur ett lönsamhets- och målkonfliktsperspektiv2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete har utförts vid El-Björn AB som är ett familjeföretag i Anderstorp, Småland. Deras produktsortiment består av mobila el-centraler, byggbelysning, avfuktare och värmefläktar. El-Björn AB har ungefär 60 anställda och en omsättning på cirka 170 MSEK. På grund av den ökande konkurrensen anser företaget att det är nödvändigt att effektivisera sin produktion för att göra den mer flexibel. Vårt angreppssätt för att uppnå flexibilitet är att studera möjligheten att reducera företagets ledtider.

    Målet med detta arbete är att presentera ett antal förslag på åtgärder för att korta ledtiden för en utvald produktgrupp och att visa på ett antal konsekvenser som dessa förslag får för ledtiden och lönsamheten samt vilka målkonflikter detta medför. Förslagen ska ses i relation till nuläget.

    Det finns i princip tre sätt att reducera ledtiden i ett produktionsflöde; operationstiden kan minskas, väntetiden mellan aktiviteter kan minskas och aktiviteter kan utföras parallellt. Olika metoder i enlighet med dessa principer har studerats. Eftersom El-Björn AB inte tillämpar parallella aktiviteter i utgångsläget har även batchstorleken stor betydelse för produktens ledtid genom flödet.

    Beräkningar av jämförande scenarier gällande utvalt flöde visar att minskade batchstorlekar i enlighet med EOQ (Economic Order Quantity) och införande av parallella aktiviteter medför kortare ledtider, lägre kapitalbindning och lagerhållningskostnad, samt ökad lönsamhet. Störst effekt ger den förändrade batchstorleken i jämförelsen.

    Införande av metoder för ledtidsreduktion medför ett antal målkonflikter. Dessa har identifierats och analyserats. Det är viktigt att företaget tar hänsyn till dem innan en förändring genomförs.

    En analys av lönsamheten visar att en ökning av vinstmarginalen ger större effekt på lönsamheten i jämförelse med ökad kapitalomsättningshastighet för El-Björn AB.

    Av arbetet har slutsatsen dragits att ett antal metoder för ledtidsreduktion är lämpliga att använda i företaget. Dessa är: reducering av icke värdeskapande aktiviteter, eliminering av slöseri av resurser enligt Lean Production, införande av parallella aktiviteter i flödet, koordinering av kommunikationen, arbete med flaskhalsreducering samt reducering av batchstorlekar. Metoder som inte anses tillämpbara är ställtidsreduktion enligt SMED samt införandet av ett pullsystem.

  • 13023.
    Huskic, Senada
    Jönköping University.
    Så var det ju det där med etik...: En kvalitativ studie kring undervisning i etik inom religionskunskap2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13024. Husmann, Sven
    et al.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    On Estimating an Asset's Implicit Beta2007In: Journal of futures markets, ISSN 0270-7314, E-ISSN 1096-9934, Vol. 27, no 10, p. 961-979Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13025.
    Huss, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Berggren, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    ENERGIANVÄNDNING: Beräknad kontra verklig energiförbrukning i enfamiljshus2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Idag står bygg- och fastighetsbranschen för stora delar av samhällets totala energianvändning och majoriteten av den energi som byggbranschen förbrukar används under bruksskedet. Då besparingar inom detta område skulle vara av stort ekonomiskt och ekologiskt värde är det viktigt att redan i projekteringsskedet få en rättvis bild av hur en byggnads energianvändning kommer att se ut. Idag utförs beräkningar för att se så att en byggnads specifika energianvändning uppfyller de krav som finns, problemet är att dessa beräkningar allt för sällan stämmer överens med hur den verkliga energiförbrukningen sedan ser ut. Syftet med arbetet är att minska skillnaden mellan beräknad energiförbrukning och verklig energiförbrukning när det gäller enfamiljshus, samt hitta ett effektivt sätt att samla in data kring verklig energiförbrukning från kunder. Målet med arbetet är att utreda varför beräknad energiförbrukning och verklig energiförbrukning skiljer sig åt samt att effektivisera insamlandet av data kring verklig energiförbrukning från kunder. Metod: Metoderna som har använts är huvudsakligen kvantitativa, med inslag av kvalitativa metoder. Fallstudier och litteraturstudier har utförts, samt dokumentstudier, enkäter och beräkningar. Resultat: De boendes vanor spelar stor roll i hur stor den specifika energiförbrukningen blir och ju noggrannare dessa vanor undersöks och används i beräkningarna desto närmare kommer beräkningarna och verkligheten komma varandra. Att följa upp verklig energiförbrukning och kontrollera utförda beräkningar i projekteringsskedet kommer också leda till noggrannare resultat. Denna uppföljning skulle kunna ge underlag som minskar felen som blir i beräkningarna i framtiden. Uppföljningen skulle enkelt kunna genomföras genom de tekniska hjälpmedel som finns på dagens marknad, genom att skicka ut formulär till de boende eller genom att behörig personal åker ut och utför de avläsningar som behövs. Konsekvenser: För att få en tydligare bild från början är följande aspekter viktiga att ta sig an: 1) Undersöka de boendes vanor i större utsträckning och inte enbart använda sig av de schablonvärden som används i beräkningarna idag. 2) Kontrollera de beräkningar som utförs. 3) Följa upp energianvändningen i de hus som projekteras för att jämföra med den energianvändning som beräknats under projekteringen. Dessa åtgärder kräver större resurser än vad som används idag, men då kraven på den specifika energianvändningen kommer att skärpas i framtiden är dessa resurser väl investerade för att de bostäder som produceras ska klara dessa krav. Resursinsatsen kommer även att vara störst i början innan rutiner skapats kring det som ska göras. Begränsningar: Denna rapport inriktar sig enbart mot enbostadshus, för att kunna utföra jämförelser på lika villkor, med ungefär samma storlek samt enbostadshus uppvärmda med frånluftsvärmepump från NIBE. Byggnadens beståndsdelar och dess Uvärden kommer inte att kontrolleras.

  • 13026.
    Hussai, Shakir
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Mohammed, Mohamed A
    University of Birmingham.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Congenial Multiple Imputation and Matched Pairs Models for Square Tables2013In: Journal of Business Administration Research, ISSN 1927-9507, Vol. 2, no 1, p. -8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experimental studies often measure an individual’s quality of life before and after an intervention, with the data organized into a square table and analyzed using matched pair modeling. However, it is not unusual to find missing data in either round (i.e., before and/or after) of such studies and the use of multiple imputations with matched-pair modeling remains relatively unreported in the applied statistics literature. In this paper we introduce an approach which maintains dependency of responses over time and makes a match between the imputer and the analyst. We use ‘before’ and ‘after’ quality-of-life data from a randomized controlled trial to demonstrate how multiple imputation and matched-pair modeling can be congenially combined, avoiding a possible mismatch of imputation and analyses, and to derive a properly consolidated analysis of the quality-of-life data. We illustrate this strategy with a real-life example of one item from a quality-of-life study that evaluates the effectiveness of patients’ self-management of anticoagulation versus standard care as part of a randomized controlled trial.

  • 13027. Hussain, S.
    et al.
    Elbergali, A.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Almasri, A.
    Parsimonious modelling, testing and forecasting of long-range dependence in wind speed2004In: Environmetrics, ISSN 1180-4009, E-ISSN 1099-095X, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 155-171Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13028. Hussain, Shakir
    et al.
    A. Mohamed, Mohamed
    Holder, Roger
    Almasri, Abdullah
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Performance Evaluation Based on the Robust Mahalanobis Distance and Multilevel Modeling Using Two New Strategies2008In: Communications in statistics. Simulation and computation, ISSN 0361-0918, E-ISSN 1532-4141, Vol. 37, no 10, p. 1966-1980Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13029. Hussain, Shakir
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Estimation and Forecasting of Hospital Admission Due to Influenza: Planning for Winter Pressure. The Case of the West Midlands, UK2005In: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 191-205Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13030. Hussain, Thu Al-Fikar
    Tager du mig...?: En komparativ studie om giftermål inom islam, från ett shiitiskt perspektiv samt ett sunnimuslimskt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13031.
    Hussein, Kaltum
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Pehlić Ćehić, Sumeja
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Fotbolls VM i Brasilien 2014 - Sportevenemangets påverkan på landets hållbara utveckling: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om vilka sociala, ekonomiska och ekologiska effekter VM har haft på värdlandet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine and explore the social, economic and ecological effects of hosting sports events. It will focus on the FIFA world cup 2014 and its effects on its host nation, Brazil. The study will explore the underlying factors behind the sports-event and whether the world cup has contributed or hindered the development of Brazils sustainable development. It seeks to understand the environmental impact of reconstructing infrastructure and implementation of arenas. The FIFA world cup is the highest viewed sports spectacle that connects football fans all over the world. It is strongly linked with joy, pride and entertainment that also holds cultural significance. In contrast, the preparation for hosting the world cup includes reconstructions of the city’s infrastructure. These redevelopment projects consisted of forced evictions, disposing of people, ostracization and further marginalization of people, cheap labor, demolishing buildings of historical and cultural value. Violations of human rights took place in order to host the event. It also diverted state funds from the education and health sector which were invested in building grandiose arenas. The result highlights the advantages and disadvantages of hosting the world cup. It will discover its effects on the country’s economy, whether it profits from hosting such an event.

  • 13032.
    Hussein, Zuhal
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Rönnlund, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Effektivisering av avvikelsehantering: En fallstudie om avvikelsehantering i ett producerande företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the study is to investigate how a deviation process can be streamlined and integrated into a manufacturing company’s daily work. Two questions have been created to answer the purpose:

    • How should defective products be handled effectively?
    • How can the deviation process become a natural part of the daily work?

     

    Method – The study is formed as a single case study from the case company’s problem. Different methods for data collection have been used, such as; literature review, interviews, observations, document studies and a comparison to another manufacturing company. An understanding of the problem area has been reached through the literature review. Five people with different work roles at the case company were interviewed with the aim to understand the communication picture, obtain a complete image of the daily work and its challenges. Observation has been performed on two occasions, in order to gain insight into the work steps covered by the deviation management. Document studies have been used to create empirical data. Finally, a comparison with another producing company has been drawn out with the intention of gaining insight into how the deviation management is designed in another company.

     

    Findings – In order to achieve a more efficient handling of deviations at the case company, three main problems have been identified. The first problem is communication, which includes the lack of a common reporting system, resource shortage, communication between management and employees, as well as between departments. The communication can be improved by implementing a new reporting system, assign an extra employee for the deviation handling and through an increased understanding from the management about the employee’s needs. The second problem is standardized work that deals with the lack of a common working method and work steps for handling deviations. A standardized working method in which both defects and misunderstandings are reduced can be achieved through a systematically designed storage shelf and a new flow chart, which has been developed. The third problem is education that involves difficulties in assessing and reporting defective material. In order to reduce uncertainty about the assessment and reporting of defects in production and to release time for other departments, increased training for employees is required.

     

    Implications – The study has drawn attention to a lack of existing theory regarding deviation management. It has been noted that the root cause of the problem is due to more reasons than assumed from the beginning and thus new knowledge has been developed. Companies with similar problems as the case company can apply some of the study's suggestions for action.

     

    Limitations – The limitations that are found in the study include confidentiality where the case company has chosen not to be named by the company name and not to disclose certain information. Since the study is a single case study, the generalisability is limited to a certain extent.

     

    Keywords – Internal deviation handling, Deviation handling, Defects, Waste, Standardized work, Reporting system, Communication.

  • 13033.
    Hussmann, Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Schippert, Jonna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Do Leaders Prioritise Crisis Preparedness?: A study of how leaders can affect the level of crisis preparedness in SMEs2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Crisis and crisis management is a research topic that since the 1980s has gotten increasing amounts of attention in research. A crisis refers to an event that may have severe effects on an organisation's survival, making it important to know how to prepare for them. Interest in research about crisis preparedness has been growing. However, literature tends to focus on crisis preparedness in an MNE (Multinational Enterprises) context, thus, leaving out SMEs (Small and Medium-sized Enterprises). Nonetheless, SMEs are a large and crucial part of the economy that may equally, if not more, be affected by crises. In SMEs, the leader has a significant impact on the strategic decisions in the business, making them a crucial part of the crisis preparedness process and an important aspect to study.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explore what factors could influence the way a leader prioritises to work with crisis preparedness in SMEs. Further, this research aims to understand how those priorities affect the level of crisis preparedness in SMEs.

    Method:  This study was conducted as a qualitative exploratory research in the form of a cross-sectional multiple case study. The data was collected through twelve semi-structured in-depth interviews, where all the participants were active as leaders in SMEs. The data collected in the interviews was subsequently analysed through a thematic analysis approach.

    Conclusion: It was found that besides the previously found external factors of SMEs, crisis preparedness is also influenced by the leader’s attitude about crisis preparedness. This attitude, in turn, is primarily formed through the leader’s understanding of crises and their personality. It was further found that the type of industry could be a factor in crisis preparedness due to for example, differing amounts of rules and regulations. In conclusion, the thesis was able to connect much of what has been found in previous research while adding a focus on the leader and their attitude about crisis preparedness. 

  • 13034.
    Hussmo, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Dammhantering vid väggsågning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Wall sawing in concrete generates a lot of dust. The dust is partly collected by the water that is applied as a coolant for the blade, which leads to a mixture called ”slurry”. The slurry as well as the dust needs to be removed after the sawing has been completed, which adds extra steps to the process for the user of the saw. The biggest issue here is the dust that is inhaled by the user, which can lead to diseases such as silicosis . This will probably lead to new regulations regarding how dust is managed, which has been the background of this thesis. The purpose of this study is therefore to evaluate how dust and slurry can be collected during wall sawing.

    The problem in wall sawing compared to other forms of processing of concrete is the difficulty in creating a seal towards the surface where the processing is being executed. It is for instance easier to create a sealed space around the are of processing during drilling where you can create a vacuum to collect the dust and slurry.

    An observation was conducted in order to give a basis for how the dust and slurry is acting during sawing. A case study was also executed to gather data regarding how the problem is solved today in the industry as well as to provide intel regarding important attributes that  concepts must have in order to be considered attractive to the industry.

    Concepts were generated with the collected data as a base through brainstorming and morphology. The concepts were evaluated together with Husqvarna as well as with pugh’s matrix, where the set of criterias had been collected from the case study. The result was a slide on unit that locks to existing geometries and collects dust and slurry at the point where the biggest concentration is achieved during sawing.

    After the evaluation, a prototype was constructed in order to verify that dust and slurry could be collected and to measure the efficiency of the concept. The result of the test was that the prototype could collect approximately 23% of the slurry as well as significantly reduce the amount of visible dust. The concept could thereby fulfil the purpose of the study, especially regarding the decreasion of dust since the harmful effects of inhalation could be reduced.

  • 13035.
    Hutchings, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Vree, Robin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Institutional Logics in Continuous Improvement: A study of nurses’ involvement in healthcare change2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Continuous improvement is important in modern healthcare to control increasing costs and fulfil the demand for higher quality. This requires interdisciplinary collaboration between healthcare professionals. However, these professions are seeking to maintain and improve their social status through a ‘professional project’. There are existing professional barriers based on historical privileges and boundaries, leading to nurses holding lower status. The extent to which this motivates medical professionals and nurses in particular to be involved in continuous improvement is unclear. Is it that nurses are driven to become involved in continuous improvement by their ‘professional project’, and is there any evidence that involvement in continuous improvement benefits their status?

    Purpose: This thesis explores (a) the effect that the ‘professional project’ of nursing, gaining relative equality with doctors, has on involvement in continuous improvement activities, and (b) how involvement in continuous improvement activities affects the status of nurses relative to doctors. 

    Method: This qualitative study has been performed through an interview study based on themes, on the topic of improvement in healthcare. The empirical data is gathered through semi-structured interviews conducted with professionals from Sweden, New Zealand and The Netherlands. The participants were active within Hospitals and Primary Care, and had the position of nurse, manager or doctor. Data was analysed using the Thematic Analysis approach as proposed by Braun & Clarke (2006). 

    Findings: The results of our research suggest that nurses’ status has certainly improved. However, rational status-seeking described by many other researchers, could be better described as ‘seeking a voice’. Nurses are driven by ambition and improving patient care, rather than seeking strict equality with doctors. Continuous improvement has given nurses the opportunity to take on more technical roles and have more input on the way medical tasks are conducted. Enhanced communication between all levels of healthcare organisations has given nurses the opportunity to show their knowledge. It has resulted in more understanding and respect by doctors of what nurses are capable of. Nurses are highly motivated to participate in continuous improvement, driven by the common logic of patient centricity. However, external factors such as limited time and financial support slow them down. 

  • 13036.
    Hutton, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Lighting.
    Belysning för barn i biblioteksmiljö2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to create conditions in order to plan lighting to a library room after children's needs and wishes, and to gain deeper knowledge about how children experience different lighting environments and what they perceive as good lighting. I was given the task by Huskvarna library to design a lighting plan for their children's department. This is part of the project "Library 2.1-room as a medium" that is going on at Huskvarna library since fall 2007.

     

    My questions at issue are: 1. What do children consider as good lighting in a library? 2. How do children experience different lighting environments?

     

    I have done an experimental study with both quantitative and qualitative elements. The study was conducted in the children's department at Huskvarna library. Twenty children in the ages between 10 and 12 participated in the study, which consisted of four surveys. The first three surveys were designed in the same way but were answered in three different lighting environments in the same room; 1) daylight only, 2) daylight in addition with reading lights, and 3) daylight and the existing lighting in the room. These first three surveys where designed primarily to answer the second question at issue, to get a deeper understanding of how children experience different lighting environments. The fourth survey was intended primarily to answer the first question and included statements about lighting, which the children had to consider.

     

    The results are: The children want to have a varied light in the room and do not like the high light levels as the existing lighting provide. They want reading armatures next to the seating and preferably colored lighting in the shape of decoration. I also discovered that most of the children preferred “cosy” lighting.

     

    Of the lighting environments that the children have been examining in this study, the lighting environment with reading armatures is the one that the children experience as the most positive in most aspects. The light environment that the children experience as the least positive is the existing lighting in the room.

     

    The conclusion is that the light level from the existing lighting in the library's children department is considered to high by the children in the study and should be adjusted to the children's individual needs.

     

  • 13037.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Brekke, Hilde
    Ludvigsson, Jonas
    Ludvigsson, Johnny
    Relationship of food frequencies as reported by parents to overweight and obesity at 5 years2009In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 98, no 1, p. 139-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate if food frequencies are related to overweight/obesity in 5-year-old children.

    Methods: During 1997–1999, 21 700 infants were invited to participate in ABIS (All Babies in Southeast Sweden), a prospective, cohort study. Participants were followed from birth (n = 16 058) to 5 years (n = 7356). Food frequencies reported by parents at 2.5 and 5 years were studied in the relation to overweight/obesity at 5 years using multiple logistic regressions. A p-value < 0.01 was considered statistically significant.

    Results: At 2.5 years frequencies of intake of cheese were positively associated with overweight/obesity at 5 years while porridge, fried potatoes/french fries and cream/crème fraiche showed a negative association. When adjusting for known risk factors, porridge and fried potatoes/french fries remained negatively associated with overweight/obesity. At 5 years, chocolate and lemonade were positively associated with overweight/obesity whereas cream/crème fraiche, pastries and candy were negatively associated. Candy remained negatively associated to overweight/obesity after adjustment for potential confounders.

    Conclusion: Food frequencies do not offer any simple explanation for overweight/obesity. Porridge at 2.5 years may protect against overweight/obesity at 5 years, while lemonade may contribute to overweight. Our finding that fried potatoes/french fries may protect against overweight/obesity is unexpected and must be interpreted with caution. These findings should be confirmed by prospective studies using objective recordings.

  • 13038.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Castor, Maria
    Rosander Ek, Charlotte
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Hur syskon påverkas av att ha en bror eller syster med diabetes - ett föräldraperspektiv2012In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 41-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13039.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Dada, S.
    University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Bornman, J.
    University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Lygnegård, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    The awareness of primary caregivers in South Africa of the human rights of their children with intellectual disabilities2016In: Child: Care, Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, Vol. 42, no 6, p. 863-870Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Besides the right to freedom, human rights can be seen as a basic requirement also for the maintenance of human dignity and the opportunity to thrive – particularly in the case of children with disabilities. It is imperative to explore primary caregivers' awareness of the human rights of their children with intellectual disabilities in view of the role they may play in either facilitating or restricting these rights. This paper explores the awareness of 219 primary caregivers of the human rights of their children with intellectual disabilities.

    Method

    A descriptive survey design was used with a custom-designed questionnaire that employed a deductive content analysis based on the articles of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child. Comparisons were drawn between the awareness of primary caregivers from urban and those from rural areas.

    Results

    The majority (85.5%) of participants agreed that their child with intellectual disability had rights. Three broad kinds of right were mentioned (in descending order): provision rights, protection rights and participation rights. Participants from both urban and rural areas mentioned education (a provision right) most frequently. However, participants from urban areas were more aware of the different rights that existed than were their counterparts from rural areas.

    Conclusion

    Primary caregivers in both rural and urban areas are aware of the rights of their children with disabilities, although there are significant differences between them.

  • 13040.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Adolescents' experience of living with diabetes2007In: Paediatric Nursing, ISSN 0962-9513, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 29-31Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13041.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Living with diabetes type 1 from an adolescent's perspective2006In: Diabetic medicine: journal of diabetes UK Vol. 23 Suppl. 4: Abstracts of the 19th World Diabetes Congress, Cape Town, South Africa, 3-7 December 2006., 2006, p. 261-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13042.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Bornman, J.
    Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Lygnegård, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Human rights of children with intellectual disabilities: comparing self-ratings and proxy ratings2015In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 1010-1017Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    A child rights-based approach to research articulates well with Article 12 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and highlights the importance and value of including children's own views about aspects that concern them. The aim of this study is to compare children with intellectual disability's own ratings (as self-raters) to those of their primary caregivers (as proxy raters) regarding human rights of children. The study also aims to establish whether there is an inter-rater agreement between the self-raters and proxy raters concerning Maslow's hierarchy of needs.

    Method

    This study is nested in a larger study examining the human rights of children with intellectual disability in South Africa. In total, 162 children with intellectual disability from 11 schools across three provinces and their primary caregivers participated by answering parts of a Children'sRightsQuestionnaire (CRQ) developed by the researchers based on the United Nation's CRC. We compared the answers for six questions in the questionnaire that were addressed to self-raters (children) and proxy raters (primary caregivers) in the same way.

    Results

    Questions regarding basic needs, such as access to clean water or whether the child had food to eat at home, were answered similarly by self-raters and proxy raters. Larger differences were found when self-raters and proxy raters were asked about whether the child had things or friends to play with at home. Socio-economic variables seemed to affect whether self-raters and proxy raters answered similarly.

    Conclusion

    The results underscore the importance of promoting children's rights to express themselves by considering the opinions of both the children as self-raters and their primary caregivers as proxy raters – not only the latter. The results indicate that it is especially important to include children's own voices when more complex needs are surveyed. Agreement between self- and proxy ratings could be affected by socio-economic circumstances.

  • 13043.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Division of Pediatrics, Diabetes Research Centre, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Ludvigsson, Jonas F
    Department of Pediatrics, Clinical Research Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Ludvigsson, Johnny
    Division of Pediatrics, Diabetes Research Centre, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Exclusive breastfeeding of Swedish children and its possible influence on the development of obesity: a prospective cohort study2008In: BMC Pediatrics, ISSN 1471-2431, E-ISSN 1471-2431, Vol. 8, article id 42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing among children all over the world. Socio-economic factors may influence the development of overweight and obesity in childhood, and it has been proposed that breastfeeding may protect against obesity. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and obesity when potential confounders, such as socioeconomic factors, are considered. METHODS: The data analyzed was from ABIS (All Babies in Southeast Sweden), a prospective cohort study. All parents with children born between October 1, 1997 and October 1, 1999 in Southeast Sweden (n = 21,700) were asked to participate. Parents were asked to answer periodic questionnaires from the time of the child's birth (n = 16,058) until he/she was five years of age (n = 7,356). Cutoffs for overweight and obesity were defined according to Cole et al, age and gender adjusted. Short-term exclusive breastfeeding was defined as < 4 months of exclusive breastfeeding. Multiple logistic regressions were used to identify variables that predict the child's BMI (Body Mass Index) at five years of age. RESULTS: At five years of age, 12.9% of the children in the study were overweight and 4.3% were obese. At the age of three months, 78.4% of the children were being breastfed exclusively. The median exclusive breastfeeding duration was four months. High maternal BMI > 30 (AOR = 1.07; CI = 1.05-1.09; P < 0.001), maternal smoking (AOR = 1.43; CI = 1.05-1.95; P = 0.023) and being a single parent (AOR = 2.10; CI = 1.43-3.09; P < 0.001) were associated with short-term exclusive breastfeeding (less than 4 months). Short-term exclusive breastfeeding was less common if one of the parents had a university degree (Mother: AOR = 0.74; CI = 0.61-0.90; P = 0.003 Father: AOR = 0.73; CI = 0.58-0.92; P = 0.008) or if the father was more than 37 years old (AOR = 0.74; CI = 0.55-0.99; P = 0.045). Short-term exclusive breastfeeding was associated with obesity in five-year-old children (simple logistic regression: OR = 1.44; CI = 1.00-2.07; P = 0.050), but when including other independent factors in the analysis, short-term exclusive breastfeeding did not attain statistical significance. CONCLUSION: We cannot exclude the possibility that exclusive breastfeeding influences weight development, but it does not seem to protect against obesity at five years of age.

  • 13044.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Ludvigsson, Jonas F
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Ludvigsson, Johnny
    Risk factors in childhood obesity: findings from the All Babies In Southeast Sweden (ABIS) cohort2007In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 96, no 9, p. 1321-1325Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13045.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Ngoc, Luc Dang
    Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Viet Nam.
    Dam, Kim An
    Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Viet Nam.
    Ljusegren, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Gimbler Berglund, Ingalill
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Caring for children in pain: a Vietnamese perspective2016In: Annals of Nursing and Practice, ISSN 2379-9501, Vol. 3, no 7, article id 1071Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify and describe Vietnamese nurse’s pain management in children.

    Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional study using a questionnaire measuring 110 registered Vietnamese nurse’s perception of pain and pain management in children.

    Results: The results showed that many nurses in Vietnam are using pain assessment instruments as well as non-pharmacological alleviations methods extensively. Vietnamese nurses had high levels of knowledge in physiology of pain. Nurses’ knowledge about the use of pain medication was correlated to attitudes. The higher level of knowledge the nurses had about pain medication, the more positive was their attitude towards pain management in general.

    Conclusion: In conclusion, the most commonly used non-pharmacology pain alleviation method among the nurses was talking to the child and be close to the child. This method to attempt to relive pain is valuable as it doesn’t require any specific equipment. Vietnamese nurses had high levels of knowledge about physiology of pain.

  • 13046.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Olsson, Lena M.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Elgmark Andersson, Elisabeth
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Kristianstad University.
    Perceived needs among parents of children with a mild intellectual disability in Sweden2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 307-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parents of children with a mild intellectual disability experience more distress and require more support than other parents. The aim was to investigate the perceived family needs of parents of children with an MID and to investigate the relationship between parents’ perceived self-efficacy in their parental role and in collaborating with professionals as well as with their perceived needs for support. Interviews were based on questionnaires to the parents of 38 children. The results revealed that parents perceived need for information, respite, and venues in which to meet other parents in similar situations. The informational needs were related to parental self-efficacy and obtaining support. A lower need for information was related to higher perceived control over services. In conclusion, it appears that professionals need to work to strengthen parents’ ability to ask for support and to express the needs. Well-informed parents will develop stronger parental self-efficacy and perceived control over services.

  • 13047.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Åkerman, Linda
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Raustorp, Anders
    Linnaeus University and University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ludvigsson, Johnny
    Linköping University and Östergötland County Council, Sweden.
    Physical Activity, Blood Glucose and C-Peptide in Healthy School-Children, a Longitudinal Study2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 6, article id e0156401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    To further elucidate the relationship between physical activity and several risk factors for development of diabetes (glucose, C-peptide and obesity) over time.

    Methods

    A prospective longitudinal study where physical activity was measured on 199 children from Kalmar and Linköping at age 8, and the same 107 children from Linköping again at age 12. Anthropometric data was collected and blood was analyzed for C-peptide and f-glucose. The children in the study were representative for the general Swedish child population, and on an average lean.

    Results

    High physical activity was related to lower C-peptide at age 8 and 12. This correlation was especially pronounced in boys, who also were more physically active than girls at both time points. The association seen at 8 years of age was similar at age 12 in most children. Children with higher BMI Z-Score had a higher fasting C-peptide (age 12) but linear regression showed that children with more steps per day were less likely to have a higher fasting C-peptide irrespective of BMI. Longitudinal follow-up showed that a decrease in physical activity increased insulin resistance and β-cell load.

    Conclusions

    Already in young children, physical activity improves insulin sensitivity and decreases the need of C-peptide over time. This seems to become even more pronounced with increasing age when children are followed longitudinally. Low physical activity increases the load on insulin producing β-cells, might increase the risk for both type 1- and 2 diabetes.

  • 13048.
    Huusko, Emil
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Utveckling av dokumenthanteringsprogram för investeringsprojekt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes a further development of an application for handling documents in investment projects. The older version of the application is developed in VB6, which is a relatively out-of-date programming language. This application is also developed for a specific customer and handles therefore only their needs regarding the handling of documents.

    There are two main reasons for the further development of this application. The first is modernization, i.e. that the new application is going to be developed in C#, which is both a more modern programming language and adds new opportunities to further develop the application into a web-based application. The second and most important reason is that the new application shall be more general and easy to adapt for several costumers needs.

    The most important function for the further development was that you should not have to change anything in the code to customize the application for different customers, but instead just have to modify a database which then defines the structure of the application.

  • 13049.
    Huynh, Leslie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Roos, Julius
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Power Asymmetry's Influence on Supplier On-Time Delivery Performance: A Case Company at Telia Company2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose with the study is to get an understanding of how a low-power retailer can incentivize their high-power supplier(s) to improve their supplier on-time delivery performance. The purpose was fulfilled by answering the two research questions:

    1. How does power asymmetry influence supplier on-time delivery performance in a low-power retailer and high-power supplier context?

    2. How can low-power retailers work with high-power suppliers to increase their supplier on-time delivery performance?

    Method – To answer the research questions, both theoretical and empirical data was required. A literature study was conducted to gather relevant theories about on-time delivery performance and supplier relations. To get the required empirical data, a case study was conducted at a case company that suited the subject. The case study consisted of multiple interviews and document studies. This enabled for an analysis in the form of pattern matching in order to answer the research questions and thereby fulfill the purpose.

    Findings – The power asymmetry between a supplier and a retailer influences the supplier on-time delivery performance in several ways. The low-power retailer can experience difficulties with setting the demands they need. Having to deal with high-power suppliers while being a low-power retailer has its challenges when a satisfying level of supplier on-time delivery performance is needed. The study found four appropriate ways for low-power retailers to work with high-power suppliers to get improved supplier on-time delivery performance. Improvement and changes can be done, these could be major and minor, internal and external.

    Implications – Both practical and theoretical implications have been provided. The practical implications are that the low-power retailer needs to know their power position in the dyadic relation and act accordingly to enable for a satisfying level of supplier on-time delivery performance.The theoretical implications are that this study has filled a knowledge gap regarding improvement of supplier on-time delivery performance. The knowledge gap would be the power asymmetry subject from a low-power retailers’ perspective. Not much attention has been devoted into this subject.Limitations – The limitation with this study was conducting a case study. The results are limited to this type of telecommunication retailing company. The case study was the choice of method as it gave a deeper understanding for the subject.

    Keywords – On-time delivery performance, supplier relations, power asymmetry, dyadic relationships

  • 13050.
    Huynh, Mai
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Bengtsson, Linnea
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    VERTIKAL BOSTADSUTFORMNING I FRAMTIDENS FÖRTÄTNING AV STÄDER2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The Swedish population is urbanizing, residents move from the countryside to densely populated areas. Housing design becomes an important part of being surface efficient without impairing living standards for residents. The governing rules limit how to build. As they are constantly evolving to meet the development of society and technology, more reliefs of housing design requirements have been made. This thesis aims to investigate how increased height in a smaller apartment can affect habitat quality. The governing questions are: (1) what factors affect residential quality in terms of smaller housing? (2) How does the room change if one strives for the minimum floor space in favor of vertical room design? (3) To what extent can you satisfy the requirements / regulations of BBR and SIS in relation to vertical room design? 

    Method: In order to gain knowledge of the subject, literature search was used in densification, habitat quality, the physically influencing factors and housing preferences. Document analysis was made on a reference apartment plan solution and the governing rules. An observation of the reference apartment was performed as well as experiments in which different parameters such as room height, floor imprint, storage and fixed furnishing were changed.

    Findings: The crucial parameters that affect habitat quality when it comes to housing are; opportunity for work, dining space, storage, openness and airiness, transparency and axiality, the possibility to furnish, originality, comfort, functionality and generality. A limited floor space can be compensated by another parameter from the list of habitat quality parameters. If the measurable and functional values are reduced, it is possible to compensate with the immeasurable and aesthetic values. Accessibility requirements aggravate the convergence of housing functions and generally require a larger floor area. All SIS requirements can be met, even when combining housing functions.

    Implications: By designing apartments with increased height and reduced floor space but at the same time maintaining the habitant quality, it is possible to concentrate housing in the future densification of cities. By allowing the integration of residential functions at the height, it is possible to build apartments with less floor space containing all basic functions for a home.

    Limitations: This work aims to investigate smaller apartments up to 35m2 for one person. When mentioning the term “residential quality” it refers to the spatial perception of the apartment, which is mainly the geometry of the room and the permanent furnishing. The regulations considered are BBR and SIS. Construction and cost are not considered.

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