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  • 13001.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    dotNet som multimediaplattform2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the speed and complexity of computers have increased so have software and the expectations of users. Software development follows a straightforward evolution where complicated tasks are made easier by better tools; this repeats itself as those tasks in turn are automated.

    Software mechanics that were seen as revolutionary a decade ago are seen as obvious requirements that no multimedia application can be without.

    dotNet is the next step in line and makes it easier and faster to build software.

    This report focuses on the development of a multimedia platform developed in dotNet. It does this by developing the tools and framework from which a complete game can be built.

    A game is selected because it combines the most aspects of multimedia development, such as interaction, graphics, sound & music. The report goes further by describing why the game looks like it does as well as the mechanics of the game and the benefits of the dotNet platform.

  • 13002.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Incorporating environmental concern in product development: A study of project characteristics2006In: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 421-436Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The paper aims at providing empirically-based insights into product development when environmental performance requirements are addressed. The purpose is to investigate characteristics of product development projects when environmental performance requirements are considered.

    Design/methodology/approach – The research was carried out as in-depth case studies of two commercial product development projects. Data was primarily collected via open-ended semi-structured interviews. Other sources of data include written project material, such as minutes from meetings, project and product specifications, company-internal education material, etc. A few project meetings were also attended.

    Findings – The paper indicates that the characteristics of product development projects differ when environmental performance requirements are considered. On the basis of the identified differences a two-dimensional model is suggested. It contains the dimensions “level of ecodesign experience” and “environmental complexity”. The model outlines a tentative contingency framework that can be used for positioning different organisations concerning their level of experience in ecodesign and the challenges they face concerning complexity in the interrelationships between the products and the environment.

    Practical implications – The findings presented in the paper provide some insights into the characteristics of projects carried out in organisations in which the “level of ecodesign experience” and “environmental complexity” differ. Aspects related to the two dimensions represented in the model are discussed in the paper. This should support companies to be better prepared for managing the challenges associated with the incorporation of environmental performance requirements into product development projects.

    Originality/value – Although different issues have been addressed in earlier ecodesign research, one problem is that ecodesign research often addresses the environmental impacts exclusively, whereas other aspects of product development are omitted or only briefly discussed. Taking the starting point in a number of elements that have been outlined in the literature as representing vital areas of concern in product development, this paper contributes to the understanding of how development organisations consider environmental performance requirements in the product development projects.

  • 13003.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Product innovation for sustainability: on product properties for efficient disassembly2008In: International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, ISSN 1939-7038, E-ISSN 1939-7046, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 32-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to increasing societal awareness, nowadays companies need to consider environmental issues in their business activities. A requirement that has entered the agenda is the design of products to support efficient end‐of‐life management. However, though previous research has addressed various disassembly aspects there is a need for more understanding on which product properties are essential for efficient disassembly processes. Better understanding is also required regarding when, during the product development process, these properties are established. On the basis of empirical studies of disassembly of electrical and electronic equipment and vehicles, this paper suggests a number of product properties that are essential for efficiency of the disassembly process. Furthermore, the paper analyses when these properties are set in the product development process. Four product properties, denoted disassembly properties, have been identified: ease of identification; accessibility; ease of separation; and ease of handling. The analysis shows that these properties are affected during all product development phases. Especially in the early phases it is crucial to consider the disassembly properties in order to avoid unnecessary and costly design changes that may occur in the later development phases if the design solutions are pulled in the wrong direction.

  • 13004.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Success factors for integration of ecodesign in product development: A review of state of the art2002In: Environmental Management and Health, ISSN 0956-6163, E-ISSN 1758-7085, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 98-107Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of a literature review, 20 factors essential for successful integration of ecodesign in product development are presented in this paper. The success factors are structured according to six areas of concern: management, customer relationships, supplier relationships, development process, competence and motivation. By relating the factors to a number of product development elements that are generally claimed to be important for product development success, it is indicated that the integration of ecodesign to a great extent are related to the same elements. A few factors seem to be specific for the integration of ecodesign. These factors are related to competence and motivation. As many of the ecodesign integration success factors relate to those elements that are acknowledged to affect product development success, this implies that a company that manages product development well increases the likelihood of being successful when integrating ecodesign into product development.

  • 13005.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bröte, Staffan
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Entwicklung von Demontagesystemen1997In: Kolloquium zur Kreislaufwirtschaft und Demontage / [ed] Helmut Baumgarten, 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13006.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bröte, Staffan
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Modelling the Disassembly Process - An Approach to a Model of the Generic Disassembly Process1997In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Production Research, Osaka 4-8/8 1997, 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13007.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Cederfeldt, Mikael
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design.
    The role of decentralized purchasing to ensure supplier involvement in geographically dispersed new product projects2011In: Proceedings of The 4th International Swedish Production Symposium, SPS11 / [ed] Jan-Eric Ståhl, The Swedish Production Academy , 2011, p. 322-328Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13008.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Elmquist, Lennart
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Teaching international students: The value of having experience from teaching in a foreign country2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13009.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Greif, A
    Fleischer, G
    Managing the design/environment interface: Studies of integration mechanisms2007In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 45, no 18-19, p. 4041-4055Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the various barriers that seem to hamper integration between product designers and environmental specialists, few studies have addressed how different mechanisms may reduce these barriers. This paper focuses on such mechanisms, specifically addressing product development within the electronics industry. On the basis of empirical case studies, different mechanisms are addressed regarding their potential to support integration between product designers and environmental specialists. Consistent with the literature on conventional product development, the findings indicate that both organizational mechanisms and technological mechanisms seem valid for facilitating such integration.

  • 13010.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Huge Brodin, Maria
    Linköpings universitet.
    An analysis of product properties affecting performance of end-of-life systems for electrical and electronics equipment2008In: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 705-717Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – On the basis of empirical studies, the purpose of this paper is to identify and analyse product properties that affect performance of end-of-life systems for electrical and electronic equipment (EEE).

    Design/methodology/approach – The research was carried out as case studies of end-of-life management of EEE. Case A focused on disassembly of computer screens and TV-sets, whereas Case B addressed logistics systems for recycling of various types of EEE. Data collection methods include interviews, on-site visits and observations, video recording, and studies of documents.

    Findings – In total, nine product properties that affect performance of end-of-life systems for EEE are identified. The properties relate to three different product levels: the product assortment, the product structure, and the component levels. A model is presented which indicates that choices made and decisions taken in the product development process affect the end-of-life system performance. Application of modular product architectures and component standardisation are suggested as relevant design strategies during product development.

    Practical implications – The implications for managers are that the findings presented in this paper provide strengthened arguments that modular product architectures and component standardisation are favourable approaches to apply in product development. Complementary to the benefits for manufacturing and logistics also end-of-life system performance will improve when these approaches are applied.

    Originality/value – Previous research has indicated some product properties that are supposed to influence performance of end-of-life systems. These properties originate primarily from conceptual discussions rather than empirical studies. This paper adds to current understanding by presenting empirically-based insights regarding which specific product properties affect performance.

  • 13011.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Magnusson, T
    Organising for environmental considerations in complex product development projects: Implications from introducing a “green” sub-project2006In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 14, no 15-16, p. 1368-1376Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from a case study of a product development project in which environmental performance requirements were introduced. Focus is set on how the project was organised in order to ensure that the environmental performance requirements were considered. A specific “Green” sub-project was included in the project organisation. The analysis shows that such a sub-project can: (1) serve as a means to put environmental considerations on the agenda, (2) introduce a risk for confusion regarding who is responsible for fulfilling the environmental performance requirements, (3) act as an arena for communication about the environmental performance requirements, (4) serve as a platform for environmental champions to be active, and (5) serve as a means for environmental specialists to become part of established contact networks in the product development organisation.

  • 13012.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Magnusson, T
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lakemond, N
    Case studies on the application of interface dimensions in industrial innovation processes2006In: Technology and global integration: proceedings of the Second European Conference on Management of Technology, Birmingham, 10th to 12th September 2006 / [ed] David Bennett, Ben Clegg, Andrew Greasley, Pavel Albores, 2006, p. 328-335Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13013.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    School of Management and Industrial Engineering, Linköping University.
    Eco-innovations - a novel phenomenon?1998In: Journal of Sustainable Product Design, ISSN 1367-6679, E-ISSN 1573-1588, no 7, p. 7-15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13014.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet.
    Planned or experience-based processes for ecodesign innovation: Exploring product development driven by environmental performance targets2001In: International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, ISSN 1466-2132, E-ISSN 1741-511X, Vol. 1, no 1-2, p. 164-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Eco-design research suggests that environmental considerations should be integrated with product development with no or only minor changes to existing development processes. These processes are expected to be systematic, predictable and thoroughly planned. This paper explores if this assumption is still valid when requirements on environmental performance call for more innovative product development. An analytic model is derived from innovation management literature and used to analyse the development of a new industrial gas turbine, a project for which challenging emission level targets meant that new combustion technology had to be applied. The main conclusion is that the application of new technology is followed by changes of the development process, meaning that development becomes guided by real-time experiences rather than by formal plans.

  • 13015.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköping university.
    Lean and green product development: two sides of the same coin?2014In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 85, no 15, p. 104-121Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares and contrasts the lean product development (LPD) and green product development (GPD) concepts through a systematic literature review including 102 journal publications. The review resulted in 14 findings that were organised according to four dimensions: general, process, people and tools/techniques. A number of similarities between the concepts were found. For example, implementation of both concepts calls for a systems perspective where the dimensions of process-people- tools/techniques are linked holistically. Differences between the LPD and GPD concepts lie in: their goal and focus, value construct, process structure, performance metrics, and tools/techniques used. The findings do not unambiguously support that “green thinking is thinking lean” and consequently it cannot be argued that LPD and GPD are two sides of the same coin, meaning that LPD automatically leads to greener products or that GPD ensures improvements and efficiency in the product development process. However, it is reasonable to conclude that LPD and GPD belong to the same “currency”. That is, the concepts share a number of similarities that indicate a synergistic relationship. This synergistic relationship has been accentuated by a nine propositions where the potential for cross-field learning is shown.

  • 13016.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Assessment of challenges in the innovation process: Experiences from application of the interface management method2009In: Proceedings of The International 3rd Swedish Production Symposium, SPS'09, Göteborg, The Swedish Production Academy , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13017.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Managing uncertainty, complexity and dispersion in product development projects2015In: International Journal of Product Development, ISSN 1477-9056, E-ISSN 1741-8178, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 25-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports findings from the application of a new method, denoted the Interface Management Method (IMM), for managing uncertainty, complexity and dispersion in product development projects. The method was applied in three commercial projects and evaluated against desired features of product development methods reported in the literature. The findings indicate the potential of the method to support product development teams when facing challenges related to uncertainty, complexity and dispersion as it helps create focus and a dialogue on how to deal with the challenges. The paper also adds to the discourse regarding product development methods by discussing and defining four interrelated concepts: method, tool, procedure and system. Through more precise definitions, the dialogue between academics and practitioners can be refined and lead to better methods, which will ultimately result in improved product development efficiency and effectiveness.

  • 13018.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Towards management of challenges in the innovation process: a case study on the application of the interface assessment tool2013In: Product: Management & Development, ISSN 1676-4056, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 15-23Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Product development projects face a broad range of challenges. In this paper, we report the results of acase study in which the so-called Interface assessment tool was used to assess six key challenges in a commercialproduct development project: 1) market uncertainty, 2) technological uncertainty, 3) product complexity and/ordegree of change in product, 4) production complexity and/or degree of change in production, 5) dispersion betweentechnology development and product development, and 6) dispersion between product development and production.Evaluation of the Interface assessment tool indicates consistency with ideal features that tools should have in order toaid in product development. Furthermore, the collective view of the project team members involved in the assessmentindicates that the Interface assessment tool offers valuable support for identification of uncertainties, establishmentof a joint vision of the project, and minimization of multiple interpretations of the challenges a product developmentteam might face. Consequently, this tool may contribute to sensemaking capability in a product development team.

  • 13019.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production. Mälardalen University.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Adolfsson, Ann-Cathrine
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Implementation of R&D management models in global organisations2015In: Ds 80-3 Proceedings Of The 20Th International Conference On Engineering Design (Iced 15) Vol 3: Organisation And Management, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses implementation of R&D management models in global product development organisations. The study rests upon empirical material originating from five industrial companies that was collected via workshops and interviews. A number of enablers for and barriers to implementation of R&D management models have been identified. The study adds to the current theory on how companies with global organisations can ensure that the R&D management model is implemented throughout the entire organisation. In addition, the practical value refers to that the identified enablers and barriers support companies in their strive towards better adherence to the R&D management models in product development projects.

  • 13020.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Winroth, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Introducing environmental concerns in manufacturing strategies: Implications for the decision criteria2010In: Management Research Review, ISSN 2040-8269, E-ISSN 2040-8277, Vol. 33, no 9, p. 877-899Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Concern for environmental issues has entered the agenda in many companies within the manufacturing industry. The purpose of this paper is to analyse implications for the decision criteria when environmental issues are introduced into manufacturing strategy. Furthermore, the purpose is to present a framework illustrating how concern for environmental issues affects the manufacturing strategy formulation process.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on a review of literature on environmentally conscious manufacturing and literature on manufacturing strategy. These two fields of research are merged in the analysis.

    Findings – The analysis shows that concern for environmental issues may lead to a number of potential implications for the decision criteria. These implications may, in turn, affect the manufacturing strategy formulation process. A framework is presented that illustrates the interrelationships between the drivers for environmental concern, effects for the competitive priorities, implications for the decision criteria, and how it may affect the manufacturing strategy formulation process.

    Research limitations/implications – Inclusion of environmental issues potentially complicates the manufacturing strategy formulation process. This implies a need for further studies on the challenges companies face in the strategy formulation process.

    Practical implications – The implications for the decision criteria and the framework presented in the paper may encourage companies to prepare for inclusion of environmental concern in the manufacturing strategy formulation process.

    Originality/value – Manufacturing strategy has not traditionally included concern for environmental issues. The paper adopts a novel approach in which research findings on environmental concern are integrated with literature on manufacturing strategy.

  • 13021.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Winroth, Mats
    Lean vs. Green Manufacturing : Similarities and differences2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13022.
    Johansson, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How do edible insects fly among Swedish consumers?: Exploring consumers’ evaluation of edible insects as a meat substitute2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative research paper was to explore how consumers with

    an environmental identity evaluate new, environmentally friendly substitutes for meat,

    with edible insects given as an example.

    Problem: An increasing number of Swedish consumers show an overall negative attitude towards consuming meat, mainly due to environmental concerns, and express this by identifying themselves as vegetarians or flexitarian. Edible insects possess the potential to become an environmentally friendly, nutritious and innovative meat substitute in Sweden. Although the demand for new environmentally friendly meat substitutes is high, the intentions of consuming edible insects are low in Western societies. This causes researchers to ask why this conflict is.

                                                                                                                                  Methodology: In order to fulfill the purpose and to answer the research question, a qualitative research approach was adopted. Eight semi-structured interviews were used in the empirical data collection process. The chosen target group was vegetarians and flexitarians of Generation Y, and the sample was chosen through judgmental sampling.

                                                                                                                                    Findings: This empirical study examines an extensive confusion and conflicted standpoints among consumers when evaluating edible insects. However, the authors examine a high willingness and positive attitude towards consuming edible insects. Five key factors that influence the evaluation of edible as a meat substitute have been identified: the animalistic qualities of insects, if insects are perceived as meat or vegetarian, if edible insects are ‘green’, proof and facts, and what product category edible insects belong to.

  • 13023.
    Johansson, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Linnros, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Nu ska vi läsa...: En litteraturstudie om hur skönlitteratur inkluderas i undervisning samt dess effekter.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Litteraturstudien behandlar skönlitteratur i undervisning, vilka effekter den har samt varför skönlitteratur bör läsas i skolan. Syftet med litteraturstudien är att kartlägga skönlitteraturens roll i undervisningen samt synliggöra dess möjligheter. Frågeställningar som används är: Vilka faktorer påverkar läsning?; Varför ska skönlitteratur läsas i skolan?; Hur används skönlitteratur i undervisning och vad ger det för effekter? Studien är en litteraturstudie där datainsamling av texter gjorts utifrån tidigare nämnt syfte. Komparativ analysstrategi har även använts för att visa på ett vidgat perspektiv inom problemområdet. De teorier som genomsyrar detta arbete är den sociokulturella teorin, kognitivismen och pragmatismen.

    Resultatet visar att undervisning kring skönlitteratur ofta saknas och bakomliggande orsaker till detta samt beskriver hur tillgång till skönlitteratur främjar läsning. Resultatet belyser såväl fördelar som nackdelar med skönlitteratur i undervisning. Slutsatsen av detta arbete är att skönlitteratur kan ha en positiv påverkan på elevers utveckling av ett flertal förmågor. För att möjliggöra denna utveckling krävs att en mängd faktorer samspelar såsom lärarens unika kompetens, ett tydligt syfte med undervisningen och elevernas aktiva deltagande.

  • 13024.
    Johansson, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sjölin, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ibland är vi inne och ibland är vi ute, det behöver inte vara så stora skillnader.: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares beskrivningar av hur de arbetar på förskolans gård.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att utveckla kunskap om förskollärares beskrivningar av hur de arbetar med den pedagogiska verksamheten på förskolans gård i relation till tidigare forskning. Det är en kvalitativ studie och empirin har samlats in genom tre fokusgruppsamtal där ljudinspelningar kompletterats med fältanteckningar. Fokusgruppsamtalen bestod av totalt tio förskollärare, två grupper bestod av tre förskollärare och en grupp av fyra förskollärare. Den insamlade empirin har analyserats med en tematisk analys och utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv med fokus på tre centrala begrepp: den proximala utvecklingszonen, kontext och artefakter. I resultatet framgår det att förskollärarna arbetar med att interagera barns intressen under utevistelsen. Det framkommer att ett närvarande och lyhört arbetssätt är en förutsättning för det. Utevistelsen är ofta en stund som används till att genomföra praktiska uppgifter. Det bidrar till att förskollärarna sällan genomför planerade aktiviteter i utemiljön och barnen får leka fritt. Förskollärarna belyser vikten av att tillföra material som barnen kan utforska gården med, grundläggande är att det ska vara material som barnen visar intresse för. Förskollärarna beskriver att samarbete och kollektiva diskussioner mellan personalen är nödvändiga inför arbetet på förskolans gård.

  • 13025.
    Johansson, Helena
    Jönköping University.
    Inkomstskattelagens spärrar för underskottsavdrag: En analys ur ett neutralitetsperspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A company with accumulated losses from previous years has the ability to deduct these losses from future profits and thereby reduce their taxable income. Since this opportunity has no limit in time it increases the risk for trade with loss making companies for tax purposes without business reasons. Hence, limitations to deduct losses from previous years are applicable when these companies are subject to a change of ownership and business restructurings.

    These limitations are based on the principle of neutrality. Its goal is to prevent that business decisions are influences by tax consequences. To achieve this the outcome of different limitations applicable in different situations has to be equal for tax purposes. The limitations would otherwise prevent businesses from restructuring decisions.

    The legislation regarding these limitations is described as complex and hard to apply. It is therefore difficult to determine the outcome when several rules are applied to the same company. A separate study of the rules shows certain differences between those that apply to ownership changes and those applicable to business restructurings. Since the purpose with the last mentioned limitations is to prevent  circumvention from the group contribution restriction, applicable after change of ownership, it is strange that these limitations seems to go further and obstruct the right to deduct accumulated losses that comes after change of ownership.

    A study shows that the application of several limitation rules at the same time results in consequences that cannot be described as compatible with the principle of neutrality. Since the rules applicable to business restructurings go further when limiting the right to deduct accumulated losses this could have a negative effect on decisions regarding business restructurings.

  • 13026.
    Johansson, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nellvik, Tobias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The European Monetary Union's effect on trading patterns: A comparison of Sweden, Finland and the Netherlands trading patterns between 1996-20062008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis analyses whether the Swedish trade has been affected by the in-troduction of the European Monetary Union and the common currency Euro. Com-paring Sweden with Finland and Netherland, two countries with similar economic situation but who chose to adopt the euro as their currency, makes the result clearer.

    Using a modified gravity model based on Flam and Nordström’s (2006) and Rose and Glick’s (2002) gravity models has made it possible to see how the Euro has affected trade in the three chosen countries. By using a panel regression the possibility for standard errors have been minimized.

    After running a regression for all three countries together the conclusion is that the Euro has had a positive effect on the export. Also when running regressions for each country separately the positive effect of the Euro is clear. How much the Euro itself has affected trade in the chosen countries are hard to tell. There are many reasons for the past years increasing trade and the introduction of the Euro is only one of them. Due to a simplication of the gravity models used in this thesis the full extent of the Euro influence can not be seen here.

    The effect of the Euro on Swedens trade is a subject that has been discussed for many years. An introduction of the Euro in Sweden would most likely increase Swedens trade even more, but even without the Euro Swedens trade has increased over the past years.

  • 13027.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    High Frequency Trading: Market abuse and how   to reestablish confidence in the market?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s highly technologic advanced trading environment traditional investors are no longer competing at same levels as companies using automatic trading strategies. Advanced technology is of significant importance in today’s trading strategies and has forced the trading process away from humans. Instead, using programed computers packed with algorithmic formulas, these robots can spot trends before an ordinary investor can blink, changing strategies and execute orders within milliseconds. Given this technological advantage firms perhaps have crossed the line when trying to earn abnormal return by using market manipulating trading strategy without any respect to traditional investors and business ethics. My research at hand will bring clarity to what extent this problem are related to Swedish markets and discussion around upcoming market regulations and firms social ethics and responsibility will be made.

  • 13028.
    Johansson, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Tingåker, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Exploring financing decision making in Swedish family firms: An outlook on crowd equity2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Family businesses and financial decision making is a growing topic of research. It is of value given the impact family businesses have on many economies. Family businesses are regarded to have it more difficult to attain feasible financing and also being led by another logic compared to non-family businesses. Characteristics attributed to family businesses are that they take non-financial values in to consideration, and aims to preserve the so called Social Emotional Wealth. Therefore this thesis aims to explore financial decision making in the context of family businesses and extend current research by looking at a new financing alternative, crowd equity. The purpose aims to be met by a qualitative study, with the FIBER model as base. Interviewing family business owners and management, and explore their reasoning linking it to crowd equity as a financing form. The findings in this study is in line with much of existing literature, concluding that the reasoning behind financial decisions are to a large extent motivated by non-financial factors, such as ownership and control of the businesses. The risk of losing control over the business by raising capital via equity financing is one argument against that form of financing. If equity financing is an alternative, then crowd equity seems to have characteristics that could be of interest for family businesses.

  • 13029.
    Johansson, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wilandh, Niklas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Trading Volume: The behavior in information asymmetries2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to theory, trading volume decreases in information asymmetries, i.e. when there are differences in information. This is due to the fact that uninformed investors delay their trades when they are facing adverse selec-tion. When the asymmetry is resolved there should be a corresponding in-crease in trading volume. Around earnings announcements (scheduled an-nouncements) this asymmetry is greater than normal, hence one can expect a decrease in trading volume. Around unexpected announcements such as acquisition announcement (unscheduled announcements) a total increase is instead expected because of an increase in trading by informed investors. All these effects are likely to be greater for smaller stocks.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the trading volume before- and after scheduled announcements and the trading volume before unscheduled announcements in order to investigate how informed- and uninformed in-vestors behave in information asymmetries on Stockholmsbörsen.

    Method: The method is quantitative with secondary data from the Stockholm Stock exchange from 1998-2004. The method is the same as Chae (2005) uses with paired-samples t-tests. It tests whether the change in trading volume is different from a benchmark consisting of an average of the trading volume 30 days before the announcement.

    Conclusion: We found a statistically significant decrease in trading volume in 6 of 10 days before a scheduled announcement and an increase also on 7 of 10 days after the announcement. For unscheduled announcements we found an in-crease before it was released but were not able to prove it statistically. We conclude that uninformed investors behave strategically before scheduled announcements in order to avoid adverse selection. We could not conclude that the effects are greater for smaller stocks.

  • 13030.
    Johansson, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wilandh, Niklas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Trading volume: The behavior in information asymmetries2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to theory, trading volume decreases in information asymmetries, i.e. when there are differences in information. This is due to the fact that uninformed investors delay their trades when they are facing adverse selection. When the asymmetry is resolved there should be a corresponding increase in trading volume. Around earnings announcements (scheduled an-nouncements) this asymmetry is greater than normal, hence one can expect a decrease in trading volume. Around unexpected announcements such as acquisition announcement (unscheduled announcements) a total increase is instead expected because of an increase in trading by informed investors. All these effects are likely to be greater for smaller stocks.

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the trading volume before- and after scheduled announcements and the trading volume before unscheduled announcements in order to investigate how informed- and uninformed investors behave in information asymmetries on Stockholmsbörsen.

    The method is quantitative with secondary data from the Stockholm Stock exchange from 1998-2004. The method is the same as Chae (2005) uses with paired-samples t-tests. It tests whether the change in trading volume is different from a benchmark consisting of an average of the trading volume 30 days before the announcement.

    We found a statistically significant decrease in trading volume in 6 of 10 days before a scheduled announcement and an increase also on 7 of 10 days after the announcement. For unscheduled announcements we found an increase before it was released but were not able to prove it statistically. We conclude that uninformed investors behave strategically before scheduled announcements in order to avoid adverse selection. We could not conclude that the effects are greater for smaller stocks.

  • 13031. Johansson, I
    et al.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Hildingh, C
    Coping strategies of relatives when an adult next-of-kin is recovering at home following critical illness2004In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 281-291Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13032. Johansson, I
    et al.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Hildingh, C
    What is supportive when an adult next-of-kin is in critical care?2005In: Nursing in Critical Care, ISSN 1362-1017, E-ISSN 1478-5153, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 289-298Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13033. Johansson, I
    et al.
    Hildingh, C
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Coping strategies when an adult next-of-kin/close friend is in critical care: a grounded theory analysis2002In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 96-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13034.
    Johansson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Gustafsson, Antonia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hållbar utveckling i förskolan: Förskollärares föreställningar om konflikter, lösningar och möjligheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på hur förskollärare ser på begreppet hållbar utveckling.  Frågeställningarna handlar om hur förskollärare arbetat med hållbar utveckling och vilka konflikter, möjligheter och lösningar de stött på eller kan tänka sig skulle kunna uppstå i ett sådant arbete.    Arbetet är inspirerat av ett poststrukturellt och ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv där kunskap ses som något socialt och språkligt konstruerat. Detta perspektiv hänger samman med de valda metoderna; fokusgruppsintervju och kortare enskilda intervjuer med förskollärare. Diskursanalysen som sedan gjorts på det insamlade materialet utgår också från detta teoretiska perspektiv.     I resultatet framkommer att flera olika synsätt bidrar till att skapa olika hållbarhetsdiskurser och att det påverkar vad som blir ett lärande för hållbar utveckling i förskolan. Till exempel påverkar en antropocentrisk natursyn hur begreppet hållbar utveckling kan förstås och i mötet med förskolediskurs skapas konflikter, möjligheter och lösningar. I en antropocentrisk natursyn värderas mänsklig aktivitet och mänsklighetens bästa högre än till exempel djur eller växters liv. I resultatet framkommer till exempel att förskollärarna använder uttryck som ”ta hand om” och ”värna om” naturen vilket kan tyda på en antropocentrisk natursyn.      Förskollärarna pratar om att plocka skräp och återvinna men de tycks främst arbeta med den sociala aspekten av en hållbar utveckling och barns trygghet. Att arbeta med hållbar utveckling är svårt, säger de, och det kan till exempel leda till konflikter i ett arbetslag om en person vill arbeta mer med det än vad de andra i arbetslaget vill.    

  • 13035.
    Johansson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Widlund, Linnéa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    ”Så en viss bedömning gör man ju”: En kvalitativ studie om förskolepedagogers beskrivningar av komplexiteten kring att bedöma barns behov och anpassa förskoleverksamheten därefter.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att belysa hur förskolepedagoger uttrycker att de bedömer barns behov samt anpassar undervisning och förskoleverksamhet därefter. För att besvara forskningsfrågorna genomfördes tre fokusgruppssamtal med tre olika arbetslag. Den framkomna empirin har transkriberats och analyserats genom en tematisk analys samt kopplats till tre socialkonstruktivistiska begrepp: sanning, språk och kultur. Resultatet visar utifrån de sanningar som skapats i samtalen att alla barn bedöms ha någon form av behov i större eller mindre omfattning. Dessa behov bemöts på olika sätt. Olika områden och behov prioriteras inte lika högt. Barnen får därför vänta till en viss ålder för att få denna stimulans. Det finns skiftande metoder för att bedöma ett barns behov och olika aktörer är betydelsefulla för genomförandet av detta. Resultatet visar även problematiken med att kunna möta alla barns behov, grundat i begränsningar som personaltäthet, tidsbrist och historiska kopplingar till begrepp i myndighetstexter. Våra slutsatser är att ämnet bedömning i förskolan är svårdiskuterat, begreppet ges flertalet definitioner samt att alla barns behov inte prioriteras lika högt.

  • 13036.
    Johansson, Ilja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Sinichenko, Daria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Triggering Factors of Consumer Behavior to Sustainable Consumption: Research of Carsharing in Jonkoping2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore and reveal specific factors that affect consumers’ environmental concern, attitude and intention to use carsharing.

    Background: Due to the current environmental problems especially air pollution, the consumption of sustainable products has developed to be an upcoming trend. Consumers are increasingly concerned of the environmental issues and are more willing to act on those concerns. However, this willingness is not always translated into sustainable consumer behavior due to different reasons such as availability, affordability, convenience, product performance, skepticism and force of habit.

    One of the examples of sustainable consumption is carsharing which is often referred to as an alternative to owning a car. The service is eco labeled and all the cars in the fleet are driven on alternative and environmentally friendly fuel. Carsharing in Sweden is not so developed as in other European countries and companies which provide this service predominantly turns to business companies and municipalities. There is quite little research conducted when it comes to carsharing use by private households. The main focus of this study is to look at carsharing as a part of the sustainable consumption, studying consumers’ environmental concern, attitude and intention to use carsharing.

    Method: In order to answer the purpose a deductive approach has been applied where the data was collected through the questionnaires. Theories and previous research has been used in order to form the hypothesis which later has been tested. The data retrieved through the research has been processed and analyzed using SPSS software.

    Conclusion: The results show that personal environmental concern has an influence on attitude and intention to use carsharing. Control beliefs and behavioral beliefs have a stronger impact on formation of attitude and intention compare to normative beliefs which has a low impact. Perceived consumer effectiveness has a strong impact on intention to sustainable behavior where respondents believe that carsharing can contribute to a better environment. Government regulations and information about the service are strong triggering factors for intention to use carsharing. The study showed that consumers have insufficient amount of information about carsharing service and indicate that local authorities and government should provide incentives in order to facilitate usage of this service.

  • 13037.
    Johansson, Inez
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Berterö, Carina
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Getting no respect: Barriers to mammography for a group of Swedish women2003In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 8-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mammography screening is a highly sensitive and specific method to detect breast cancer at an early stage. If screening campaigns are to be cost effective, compliance is valuable. However, many women do not attend when called for mammography screening.

    Our aim in this study is to understand and explain why women become nonattenders. A sample of 16 nonattending women, aged between 43 and 73 years, participated in this qualitative study, by interviews or written comments. The core category discovered in the data was "getting no respect." The informants did not feel respected from either the society or the health care system. Below this core category, two categories were identified: the mammography examination and affecting circumstances. The performance and its effects comprised the content of the category of mammography examination. The category affecting circimstances included knowledge about risk factors, prevention, and practical or emotional arguments.

  • 13038.
    Johansson, Inez
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Berterö, Carina
    Social support and self-esteem in patients afflicted with cancer in the reproductive organs, including breasts2003In: Australian-Asian Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0972-2556, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 116-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social support is generally considered as having positive effects on cancer patients´ health and well being by supporting the patient to manage the crisis. But, a cancer diagnosis and its treatment do often have negative effects on self-esteem and the cancer patients´ life-concepts. The relation between perceived social support and self-esteem among cancer patients were identified and explored in present study. Two hundred and sixteen respondents, living in the south of Sweden, completed the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The sample consisted of 116 females and 100 males, ranged in the age from 26-82. The majority of the sample was married, had children and grandchildren. The average duration of illness was 5 years. The average number of people in each network was 8.0, and relatives and friends were most frequently listed. The majority of the sample scored high self-esteem and statistical significance was shown in relation to age. No statistical significance was shown with respect to self-esteem and social support, but moderate correlations were found. Strongest correlations were found between emotional support and self-esteem. Increased knowledge about cancer patients´ long-term experiences is needed in order to perceive them as patients with a chronic disease.

  • 13039.
    Johansson, Inez
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Berterö, Carina
    Types and sources of social support among cancer patients: are there differences with respect to gender.2002In: Australian-Asian Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0972-2556, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 3-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The uncertainties and fears experienced by an individual diagnosed with cancer are likely to result in an enhanced need for social support. Social support is beneficial to cancer patients in adjusting to the stress of the disease, but those who have cancer may be especially likely to experience difficulties in obtaining adequate support. Types and sources of social support available to people afflicted with cancer related to reproductive organs and breast were assessed in this study, focusing on gender differences wit respect to social support. Two hundred and eighteen respondents completed the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire. Significant differences were found with respect to gender and being married, age, having grandchildren and being employed. Statistically significant differences were also found with respect to emotional support and frequency of contact with network members. Female scored higher emotional support, as well as higher total function support than males, even though the females were more likely to be single, divorced or widowed. This contests the statements about the marital relationship as the most powerful life support source and the significant factor for cancer survival. It seems that there might be other affecting factors that make the cancer patient perceive and experience social support, perhaps a gender factor.

    Health care providers must take into consideration that there are differences in how human beings act and perceive things with respect to gender.

  • 13040. Johansson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    Wenneberg, Stig
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Theoretical model of coping among relatives of patients in intensive care units: a simultaneous concept analysis.2006In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 56, no 5, p. 463-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the development of a theoretical model of relatives' coping approaches during the patient's intensive care unit stay and subsequent recovery at home by performing an analysis of concepts generated from two empirically grounded, theoretical studies in this area. BACKGROUND: When supporting relatives of intensive care unit patients, it is important that nurses have access to evidence-based knowledge of relatives' coping approaches during the period of illness and recovery. METHOD: Simultaneous concept analysis was used to refine and combine multiple coping concepts into a theoretical model of coping. The concepts were generated in two previous empirical studies of relatives' coping approaches during mechanically ventilated patients' intensive care unit stays and recovery at home. FINDINGS: The theoretical model was developed in 2004-2005 and illustrates the effectiveness of different coping approaches in relation to each other and to social support. Definitions summarizing each coping approach and containing the knowledge gained through the simultaneous concept analysis method were also formulated. CONCLUSION: This middle-range theory of relatives' coping approaches may make a valuable contribution to international intensive care unit nursing practice, especially as it is based on empirical studies and may therefore serve as a basis for the development of future clinical guidelines. However, the theoretical model needs to be empirically validated before it can be used.

  • 13041.
    Johansson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Oral health status of older adults in Sweden receiving elder care: Findings from nursing assessments2016In: Nursing Research, ISSN 0029-6562, E-ISSN 1538-9847, Vol. 65, no 3, p. 215-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Frail elderly people often have poor oral hygiene, contributing to oral health problems that can detract significantly from quality of life.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe oral health status of frail elderly individuals using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide-Jönköping (ROAG-J), a mouth assessment instrument that can be used in daily nursing care.

    METHODS: Data were obtained from the Swedish Senior Alert quality registry in one Swedish municipality. ROAG-J assessments on admission to elder care and one subsequent occasion were used. ROAG-J measurements documented oral health in nine areas: voice, lips, oral mucosa, tongue, gums, teeth, saliva, swallowing, and presence of any prostheses or implants. Assessments were made by nursing staff during the course of daily nursing care.

    RESULTS: Individuals 65 years of age or older and receiving elder care services (N = 667) were involved; 1,904 assessments made between November 2011 and March 2014 were used for the analysis. On the basis of both assessments, less than one third of participants had oral health problems. No significant difference in any of the oral health variables was found between first and subsequent assessments. At first assessment, men and women differed in tongue health (p < .01); at the subsequent assessment, gender differences in voice (p < .05), mucous membranes (p < .003), tongue (p < .01), and saliva (p < .006) were observed.

    DISCUSSION: Most participants had good oral health. Assessments made by nursing staff using the ROAG-J demonstrate that this tool can be used in daily nursing care, where different, important oral conditions may be encountered. However, knowledge about oral health conditions and the ROAG-J instrument is important to ensure high validity. The ROAG-J enables nursing staff to detect problems in the mouth and to guide decisions related to oral health interventions.

  • 13042.
    Johansson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Effekt på munhälsa av samarbete mellan tandhygienist och personal i äldreomsorg2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13043.
    Johansson, J.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology.
    Belov, I.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology.
    Johnson, E.
    Leisner, P.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology.
    An approach to life consumption monitoring of solder joints in operating temperature environment2012In: Proceedings of 13th IEEE International Conference on Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics Simulation and Experiments in Microelectronics and Microsystems, EuroSimE 2012, Cascais, Portugal, April 16-17-18, 2012, IEEE, 2012, p. -8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper elaborates the 3T-approach to life consumption monitoring of solder joints in operating temperature environment without requiring simplification of operating loads. An overview of the 3T-approach is provided including assumptions made for a proposed realization in an avionic application. Associated implementation routines are highlighted and exemplified for a lead-free PBGA256 package with creep strain energy density (SEDcr) as damage metric. Factors that affect the prediction accuracy are investigated. A data resolution has been determined that delivers response surfaces that provide results comparable to 3-D finite-element (FE) simulations, while bearing two orders of magnitude higher computational efficiency. A stress-free temperature modification routine is proposed and proves to further mitigate accuracy problems.

  • 13044.
    Johansson, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Folkesson, Oscar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Henningsson, Jacob
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Brand image in the Sharing Economy: An exploratory study of how to achieve positive customer perceptions in the sharing economy2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Most of existing literature in the field of sharing economy has focused on aspects of sustainability and business model structure. Research on brand image in the sharing economy has up until today not been an area of investigation. The purpose of a company’s marketing activities is to influence the perception and attitude towards the brand and stimulate consumers’ purchasing behavior by establish the brand image in consumers’ mind. The peer-to-beer based structure of sharing goods and services in the sharing economy consequently means less involvement from the focal company and presents the challenge of influencing the customers’ perception of the brand.

    Purpose: Page and Lepkowska-White (2002) developed the ‘Web Equity Framework’ which illustrates factors affecting brand equity in an online environment. By using this framework as a foundation for interviews, the purpose of this study is to understand how brand image is built and uncover factors that affects brand image in the sharing economy.

    Method: This is a qualitative study using an abductive approach. Seven in-depth interviews have been held with sharing economy companies in Sweden to collect data and gain an understanding in the field of study.

    Conclusion: The findings of this study show five factors that affect brand image in the sharing economy. The factors in Page and Lepkowska-White’s (2002) framework have been found to affect brand image also in the sharing economy, to different extent. However, two of them have been renamed to more appropriately fit the field of study and one additional factor has been identified, namely Peer trust, which has been illustrated in a revised model. Since trust between consumers becomes more apparent in the sharing economy, this is also one of the factors that impact the way consumers perceive the brand.

  • 13045.
    Johansson, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Halvorsen Stålmarck, Jacob
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Determinants of Venture Capital: A Study of the Nordic Countries2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes the determinants of venture capital in the Nordic countries. Historically, venture capital markets have gone through several boom and bust cycles, providing external capital to what has become some of the world’s largest corporations. In recent years, the Nordic venture capital market has gained an increasing amount of attention globally and established itself in the top of the global VC community. The purpose of this study is to find and examine the drivers of venture capital over time, providing an understanding of the fluctuations in the market. We analyze different stages of venture capital investments from 1989 to 2014. This thesis considers the exit environment, economic growth, the development of the stock market and interest rate levels to be important drivers of venture capital. The theoretical framework of supply and demand in the venture capital market serves as a base for the empirical study, where panel data techniques with fixed effects have been used to estimate the impact of the determinants. We find evidence that there is a clear connection between the stock market and the venture capital industry, since initial public offerings and Nordic stock market indices are found to have a positive impact on venture capital investments. Furthermore, we find that different stages of VC investments have different sensitivities to some determinants.

  • 13046.
    Johansson, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Klerfelt, Anna
    Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, enheten för Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap.
    Pramling, Ingrid
    Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Att skriva och lösa problem i grundskolans tre första årskurser1997Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under åren 1991-1992 deltog 77 barn i en förskoleverksamhet som arbetade enligt en fenomenografiskt inspirerad pedagogik vid sex förskolor, med tonvikt lagd på att utveckla barns tänkande och förståelse för olika fenomen omvärlden. När dessa barn slutade i förskolan följdes huvuddelen av dem in skolan genom ett projekt kallat "Att möta skolans värld", finansierat av Skolverket. Syftet med projektet var dels att beskriva och utvärdera barns möte med skolans värld, dels att studera hur barn som gått i en "traditionell", dvs den vanligast förekommande förskoleverksamheten respektive hur barn som deltagit i en fenomenografiskt inspirerad förskoleverksamhet klarar skolan. Barnen har följts genom observationer och intervjuer. I slutet av årskurs 1, årskurs 2 och årskurs 3 har barnen deltagit i ett flertal kunskapsprov. Genom kunskapsproven har man sökt ta reda på hur barnen som deltagit i den försöksverksamheten klarar några ämnen i skolan i jämförelse med sina klasskamrater som fungerar som kontrollgrupp. I detta bidrag kommer resultat från barnens färdigheter inom matematik och skrivning att redovisas och diskuteras. Inom området skrivning uppvisar flickorna bättre resultat än pojkarna både inom försöksgruppen och kontrollgruppen. Samma tendens kan observeras även inom de matematiska färdigheterna även om skillnaderna via en statisktisk prövning visar sig vara relativt små. I provresultaten från kunskapsproven i matematisk problemlösning i årskurs 1 och 2 uppvisar barnen från försöksverksamheten generellt bättre resultat än barnen från kontrollgruppen. I årskurs 3 har denna skillnad ebbat ut.

  • 13047.
    Johansson, Jennie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Andersson, Leni
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    To move or not to move: Factors affecting the career mobility of engineers2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The most important resource of today’s companies is human resources. This has lead to a vast literature in the field of Human Resource Management, and within that are the fields of motivation and career management. Given the importance of technology intensive companies’ and the fact that engineers are increasingly dissatisfied and recognized as being difficult to manage a part of the literature have focused upon management of engineers. In this it is widely ac-cepted that engineers need special treatment, however, literature is not complete and a part which, up until now, has gained little attention is the one concerning career mobility.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to identify the inducements and obstacles to the career mobility of engineers.

    Frame of Reference: The first part of the theoretical framework covers motivation, in which the authors focus on McClelland’s Content Theory of Motivation, given its close connection to need for achievement, a central aspect in career mobility. The second part deals with previous research on management of engineers. Based on the Frame of Reference the authors construct the Career Mobility Model, which serve as a foundation for subsequent structure and interpretation.

    Method: In order to fulfill the purpose of the thesis the authors chose a qualitative research method, and conducted twelve semis structured interviews. The results were then analyzed in the light of the theoretical framework.

    Empirical Findings: The empirical findings consist of interviews with engineers of different ages, employment time and stages of their career. The interview results are organized based on the theoretical framework to aid forthcoming interpretation.

    Analysis: In the analysis the authors apply the empirical findings on the Career Mobility Model, thus interpret the different obstacles and inducements to career mobility. The authors’ interpretations reveal a clear excess of obstacles compared to inducements at the company participating in the study.

    Conclusions: By creating a challenging work situation and offering continuous education companies can create a good foundation for career mobility. However, without a uniform career management program combined with visible career routes and established communication channels a company will lack critical aspects of in-ducements to career mobility. Moreover, technical companies need to remember that the best specialist may not always be the best manager, given the many ob-stacles a specialist focused manager can induce.

  • 13048.
    Johansson, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Karlsson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Anhöriga- till hjälp eller hinder?: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares erfarenheter av anhörigas medverkan under utredningsprocessen i missbruksvården2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13049.
    Johansson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Fawaz, Hiba
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Byt skor: En studie om köpbeteende och kundvärde kring produkter som ännu inte lanserats2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: We are exposed to advertising on a daily basis and it is difficult for products to differentiate themselves. Since we also live in a expectation society, we believe that the next product will be better than the last. Within the technologic area, this is very clear: we often wait for the next launch. This leads to firms marketing their product long before it comes out on the market. There is not much former research on products that are not launched, but we see that it is increasingly common for people to advertise their product before launch.

    Objective: We want to examine if the theories regarding buying behavior and customer value are also applicable for products not yet available for purchase but are marketed before launch.

    Method: We have studied the theories that today are located on buying behavior and customer value in the market. We have then used the semi structured interviews to collect the empirical material. The selection was made using the so-called snowball sample, all respondents are related to Högskolan i Jönköping. We analyze our material on the basis of hermeneutics in which we use our own understanding and knowledge in the analysis.

    Theory: We start with the theories of buying behavior and customer value in our analysis.

    Results: There are many underlying factors that influence a consumer  to buy a product. Our respondents use the same main factors as reasons to their buying need for the product that was not yet available in the market, when the study began, that the theories of buying behavior and customer value indicates for the products that have already been launched. The brand has managed to communicate the values that consumers appreciate and managed to create loyalty among most respondents. Our conclusion is therefore that the theories concerning buying behavior and customer value in the market also apply to products that are not yet available for purchase but are marketed before the launch.

  • 13050.
    Johansson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Nilsson, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Närståendevårdares syn på teknologi och webbaserade tjänster i vårdandet av en äldre närstående i hemmet med en diagnostiserad demenssjukdom2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society, it has emerged that the development of technology rarely or never accommodates to the significant others’ needs and situation. In order to change significant others’ requirements for the use of technology and web-based services, it is important that their views on technology and web-based services are attended to. The study aim was to describe significant others’ views on technology and web-based services in home care of an elderly next-of-kin with diagnosed dementia. Convenience sampling of nine informants, in relation to certain inclusion criteria, was conducted in collaboration with relative consultants. The method for data collection was qualitative interview by use of an unstructured guide. Data processing was carried out by qualitative analysis. The results show that there are three distinctive areas which highlight significant others’ views on technology and web-based services in home care of an elderly next-of-kin with diagnosed dementia. These areas are: that technology and web-based services will facilitating care, will facilitate communication, and barriers to use technology and web-based services. According to informants, it is important that technology and web-based services will facilitate the care of an elderly next-of-kin, that they are easy to use, providing the security and adapted significant others’ situation based on their suggestions. It is also important that technology and web-based services will facilitate communication in the care of their next-of-kin. The informants believes it is important to communicate with professionals/ network, that they get support and help in using technology and web-based services and communication facilitated by the sound and image combined. Barriers for using technology and web-based services depends according to informants on the absence of need, lack of information and that there is something for others but not for them. It is important that these aspects are taken into account so technology and web-based services will be adjusted based on the audience.

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