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  • 13001.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Stereotypes about caregiving and lessons from the Swedish panorama of care [Stereotyper kring omsorgsgivare och det svenska omsorgspanoramat]2015In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 185-197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the panorama of care provision in Sweden from the informal carers' perspective. We consider informal care, publicly financed services, for-profit agencies and voluntary organizations, using a survey conducted in 2009. Most cared-for persons with minor needs living in a separate household are helped also by others, but only a tenth use public services or other providers. About half of cared-for persons with major needs living in a separate household receive care also from other informal carers as well as public services. Only 1 in 10 of them relied on no one else beyond the carer interviewed. Among intra household carers—a minority of all persons cared for—it was common that the carer was alone in his/her commitment, without any contributions from public services or others. For the large majority of informal carers it is not a solitary undertaking as the commitment is often shared with family members and others and/or public services. The results suggest that ideal types about complementarity and substitution may understate the complex interplay between informal care and the public services (and potential other providers). The findings may suggest a need for more empirical research about ‘Care Cultures’ and expose simplistic representations of welfare societies; informal care plays a major—and increasing—role also in Sweden, a country with extensive public services.

  • 13002.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Wilińska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bülow, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Department of Psychiatry, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Filling the gaps? – The role of voluntary organizations in supporting older people with severe mental illnesses in Sweden: Towards increased responsibility for the civil society beyond the dichotomous substitute-or-complement paradigm2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13003.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Whitaker, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Upptäckten av anhöriga?: kommuners och frivilliga organisationers stöd till äldres anhöriga i Stockholms län2000Report (Other academic)
  • 13004.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Department of Social Science, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wilińska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Social Work, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
    Bülow, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Ryhov County Hospital, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Filling the gaps? The role of voluntary organizations in supporting older people with severe mental illnesses2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Older people ageing with severe mental illness (SMI) usually fall in between mental health care and old age care services. The role of informal care in filling this gap is recognized. The role of other welfare providers, such as voluntary organizations, is unclear. The aim of this article is to analyze and discuss local voluntary organizations' ability to recognize and respond to the needs of older people with SMI in the community.

    11 local organizations focusing on mental illness, social care or old age were identified in a mid-sized Swedish city. Seven voluntary organizations participated in the study.

    Our analysis revealed three overarching themes: 'Age as a non-issue?', 'Public and voluntary sector (non)links' and 'organizational vulnerabilities'. Our results show that older people with SMI are to some extent also invisible in the voluntary sector. We were also able to discern differences in the 'we-for-us' organizations that provide support for their own members with SMI, and 'we-for-them' organizations that provide help to a broader group.

    Overall, older people with SMI remain a relatively invisible as a group for the voluntary organizations. We discuss these findings in relation to the specificity of the group and welfare contexts of voluntary work in communities.

  • 13005. Jeirud, Amanda
    et al.
    Helgeson, Victoria
    Berndt, Adele
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Feng, Songming
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    IKEA’s online content marketing - Attitudes and purchase intentions of generation Y2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is estimated that consumers are exposed to approximately 5000 advertising messages per day (Story, 2007), resulting in advertising clutter (Elliott & Speck, 1998). This advertising clutter results in organisations not being able to communicate easily with consumers. Pralahad and Ramaswamy (2004) describe the emergence of consumers who are more informed, empowered, connected as well as active in searching and using information. Consequently, consumers try to avoid advertising and instead seek valuable information for decision­-making.

    With the advancements in web technology and social media, increasing alternatives exist for consumers in their search for this valuable information. Valuable information is described by Jefferson and Tanton (2013) as relevant, useful, informative or entertaining. Research indicates consumers increasingly demand valuable information rather than traditional advertising (Larsson, 2013), and one way to access valuable information is through online content marketing.

    The use of content marketing has increased by companies (Lieb, 2011). Pulizzi (2014) defines content marketing as “the marketing and business process for creating and distributing valuable and compelling content to attract, acquire, and engage a clearly defined and understood target audience - with the objective of driving profitable customer action” (p5). While this is not the only definition, central to the various definitions are the concepts of creating and distributing valuable content in order to attract and acquire a defined target audience and drive customer action (Pulizzi, 2014; Content Marketing Institute, 2014; Jefferson & Tanton, 2013).

     

    Limited academic research has been undertaken on attitudes toward online content marketing. In this study, use was made of the attitude-toward-the-website construct to understand this phenomenon, thus focusing on the extent to which specific content marketing is entertaining, informative and its organisation. The segment that spends most time online and uses multiple types of media is Generation Y and the Boston Consulting Group (2014) argue that they represent the consumer market of the future, since this generation’s usage of e-commerce will grow along with the increase of their income (Smith, 2012). It is therefore of interest for companies to recognise what type of content marketing that appeals to this target audience in order to stay attractive.

    The purpose of this research was to investigate Generation Y’s attitudes toward IKEA Sweden’s online content marketing and to investigate any potential effect on purchase intention.

    In order to meet the research purpose, a quantitative method was applied. The survey investigated the respondent’s awareness of IKEA’s online platforms and attitudes towards IKEA’s online content marketing and their purchase intentions. Non-probability sampling was employed in order to reach the desired target group.

    High levels of awareness of IKEA’s online content marketing were identified. The main purposes for visiting IKEA’s online content marketing was to get inspired, collect price details and information. The overall attitude was positive, and most favourable to the structure of the online content marketing. The informative nature of online content marketing together with its entertaining nature and structure of the content all contribute to the positive attitudes among this group. These positive attitudes were reflected in stated purchase intention of the respondents, indicating that the online content marketing was able to drive consumer action (as suggested in the earlier definition).

    Women also had more positive attitudes towards the informative and entertainment nature of online content marketing. Consequently, it is suggested that IKEA focus on attracting women to this media due to the correlation with purchase intention.

  • 13006.
    Jelcic, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Zahirovic, Tarik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Värdeflödeskartläggning på ett tillverkande företag för att förbättra den interna leveransprecisionen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Med tanke på dagens marknad där allt större konkurrens finns gäller det att som företag ha en flexibilitet och lyhördhet som tillfredsställer kunden med rätt produkter, kvalitet och kvantitet. En låg leveransprecision kan orsaka problem i en verksamhets produktion, vilket innebär att företag bör kontinuerligt förbättra de interna processerna.

    Aros Quality Enclosure Systems AB (AQ AB), där projektet utfördes, är en del av koncernen Aros Quality Group. Företaget bearbetar plåtdetaljer och färdigställer produkter inom till exempel telekommunikation, bensinpumpar, kaffemaskiner och bankomater.

    Syftet med denna rapport är att presentera förbättringsförslag och rekommendationer som AQ AB kan genomföra för att förbättra den interna leveransprecisionen på den produkt som har studerats, den så kallade Ericsson-ram. För att uppnå syftet behövdes två frågeställningar besvaras, nämligen ’Vilka förbättringsområden i produktionen för Ericsson-ramar kan identifieras?’ samt ’Vilka förbättringsförslag, utifrån de identifierade förbättringsområden, kan presenteras för företaget?’.

    För att uppfylla detta syfte och svara på frågeställningarna har 14 besök på AQ AB i Vaggeryd gjorts. Dessa besök har bland annat innefattat intervjuer, direkta observationer och tidsstudier för att kartlägga nuläget i produktionen. Metoden som använts för att uppfylla syftet och svara på frågeställningarna är värdeflödesanalys.

    Resultatet av värdeflödeskartläggningen visade att den tillverkningsorder som följdes tog 14 dagar att passera alla stationer i produktionen medan det för den enskilda Ericsson-ramen som följdes tog det 7,54 dagar. Värdeflödeskartläggningen visade även var produkten tillbringade mest tid i väntan på nästa station. Utifrån den informationen skissades ett framtida läge för företaget, det vill säga vad AQ AB kan göra för att minska liggtiden för produkten i produktionen och förbättra flödet.

    Slutsatsen är att om AQ AB vill förbättra den interna leveransprecisionen bör företaget genomföra förändringar i produktionen. Med implementering av en FIFU-bana erhåller företaget en bättre kontroll på flödet av Ericsson-ramarna jämfört med dagens situation, vilket bör resultera i att den interna leveransprecisionen blir högre.

     

  • 13007. Jelenkovic, A.
    et al.
    Hur, Y. -M
    Sund, R.
    Yokoyama, Y.
    Siribaddana, S. H.
    Hotopf, M.
    Sumathipala, A.
    Rijsdijk, F.
    Tan, Q.
    Zhang, D.
    Pang, Z.
    Aaltonen, S.
    Heikkilä, K.
    Öncel, S.Y.
    Aliev, F.
    Rebato, E.
    Tarnoki, A. D.
    Tarnoki, D. L.
    Christensen, K.
    Skytthe, A.
    Kyvik, K. O.
    Silberg, J. L.
    Eaves, L. J.
    Maes, H. H.
    Cutler, T. L.
    Hopper, J. L.
    Ordoñana, J. R.
    Sánchez-Romera, J. F.
    Colodro-Conde, L.
    Cozen, W.
    Hwang, A. E.
    Mack, T. M.
    Sung, J.
    Song, Y. -M
    Yang, S.
    Lee, K.
    Franz, C. E.
    Kremen, W. S.
    Lyons, M. J.
    Busjahn, A.
    Nelson, T. L.
    Whitfield, K. E.
    Kandler, C.
    Jang, K. L.
    Gatz, M.
    Butler, D. A.
    Stazi, M. A.
    Fagnani, C.
    D’Ippolito, C.
    Duncan, G. E.
    Buchwald, D.
    Derom, C. A.
    Vlietinck, R. F.
    Loos, R. J.
    Martin, N. G.
    Medland, S. E.
    Montgomery, G. W.
    Jeong, H. -U
    Swan, G. E.
    Krasnow, R.
    Magnusson, P. K.
    Pedersen, N. L.
    Dahl-Aslan, Anna K.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    McAdams, T. A.
    Eley, T. C.
    Gregory, A. M.
    Tynelius, P.
    Baker, L. A.
    Tuvblad, C.
    Bayasgalan, G.
    Narandalai, D.
    Lichtenstein, P.
    Spector, T. D.
    Mangino, M.
    Lachance, G.
    Bartels, M.
    Van Beijsterveldt, T. C.
    Willemsen, G.
    Alexandra Burt, S.
    Klump, K. L.
    Harris, J. R.
    Brandt, I.
    Nilsen, T. S.
    Krueger, R. F.
    McGue, M.
    Pahlen, S.
    Corley, R. P.
    Hjelmborg, J. V. B.
    Goldberg, J. H.
    Iwatani, Y.
    Watanabe, M.
    Honda, C.
    Inui, F.
    Rasmussen, F.
    Huibregtse, B. M.
    Boomsma, D. I.
    Sørensen, T. I. A.
    Kaprio, J.
    Silventoinen, K.
    Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 19942016In: eLIFE, E-ISSN 2050-084X, Vol. 5, article id e20320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human height variation is determined by genetic and environmental factors, but it remains unclear whether their influences differ across birth-year cohorts. We conducted an individual-based pooled analysis of 40 twin cohorts including 143,390 complete twin pairs born 1886-1994. Although genetic variance showed a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts, heritability estimates (0.69-0.84 in men and 0.53-0.78 in women) did not present any clear pattern of secular changes. Comparing geographic-cultural regions (Europe, North America and Australia, and East Asia), total height variance was greatest in North America and Australia and lowest in East Asia, but no clear pattern in the heritability estimates across the birth-year cohorts emerged. Our findings do not support the hypothesis that heritability of height is lower in populations with low living standards than in affluent populations, nor that heritability of height will increase within a population as living standards improve.

  • 13008.
    Jelenkovic, Aline
    et al.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Social Res, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Basque Country UPV EHU, Dept Genet Phys Anthropol & Anim Physiol, Leioa, Spain..
    Yokoyama, Yoshie
    Osaka City Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Nursing, Osaka 558, Japan..
    Sund, Reijo
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Social Res, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Honda, Chika
    Osaka Univ, Osaka Univ Grad Sch Med, Osaka, Japan..
    Bogl, Leonie H.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Aaltonen, Sari
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Social Res, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Ji, Fuling
    Qingdao Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis Prevent, Qingdao, Peoples R China..
    Ning, Feng
    Qingdao Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis Prevent, Qingdao, Peoples R China..
    Pang, Zengchang
    Qingdao Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis Prevent, Qingdao, Peoples R China..
    Ordonana, Juan R.
    Univ Murcia, Dept Human Anat & Psychobiol, Murcia, Spain.;IMIB Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain..
    Sanchez-Romera, Juan F.
    IMIB Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain.;Univ Murcia, Dept Dev & Educ Psychol, Murcia, Spain..
    Colodro-Conde, Lucia
    Univ Murcia, Dept Human Anat & Psychobiol, Murcia, Spain.;QIMR Berghofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Burt, S. Alexandra
    Michigan State Univ, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Klump, Kelly L.
    Michigan State Univ, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Medland, Sarah E.
    QIMR Berghofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Montgomery, Grant W.
    QIMR Berghofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Kandler, Christian
    Univ Bielefeld, Dept Psychol, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany..
    McAdams, Tom A.
    Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, MRC Social Genet & Dev Psychiat Ctr, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Eley, Thalia C.
    Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, MRC Social Genet & Dev Psychiat Ctr, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Gregory, Alice M.
    Univ London, Dept Psychol, London, England..
    Saudino, Kimberly J.
    Boston Univ, Dept Psychol & Brain Sci, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Dubois, Lise
    Univ Ottawa, Sch Epidemiol Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Boivin, Michel
    Univ Laval, Ecole Psychol, Quebec City, PQ, Canada.;Tomsk State Univ, Inst of Genet Neurobiol & Social Fdn Child Dev, Tomsk 634050, Russia..
    Tarnoki, Adam D.
    Semmelweis Univ, Dept Radiol & Oncotherapy, H-1085 Budapest, Hungary..
    Tarnoki, David L.
    Semmelweis Univ, Dept Radiol & Oncotherapy, H-1085 Budapest, Hungary..
    Haworth, Claire M. A.
    Univ Bristol, MRC Integrat Epidemiol Unit, Bristol, Avon, England..
    Plomin, Robert
    Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, MRC Social Genet & Dev Psychiat Ctr, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Oncel, Sevgi Y.
    Kirikkale Univ, Fac Arts & Sci, Dept Stat, Kirikkale, Turkey..
    Aliev, Fazil
    Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Virginia Inst Psychiat & Behav Genet, Dept Psychiat, Richmond, VA USA.;Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Virginia Inst Psychiat & Behav Genet, Dept Psychol, Richmond, VA USA.;Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Virginia Inst Psychiat & Behav Genet, Dept Human & Mol Genet, Richmond, VA USA.;Karabuk Univ, Dept Actuaria & Risk Management, Karabuk, Turkey..
    Stazi, Maria A.
    Natl Ctr Epidemiol Surveillance & Hlth Promot, Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    Fagnani, Corrado
    Natl Ctr Epidemiol Surveillance & Hlth Promot, Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    D'Ippolito, Cristina
    Natl Ctr Epidemiol Surveillance & Hlth Promot, Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    Craig, Jeffrey M.
    Royal Childrens Hosp, Murdoch Childerens Res Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Melbourne, Dept Paediat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Saffery, Richard
    Royal Childrens Hosp, Murdoch Childerens Res Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Melbourne, Dept Paediat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Siribaddana, Sisira H.
    Inst Res & Dev, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka.;Rajarata Univ Sri Lanka, Fac Med & Allied Sci, Saliyapura, Sri Lanka..
    Hotopf, Matthew
    South London & Maudsley NHS Fdn Trust, NIHR Mental Hlth Biomed Res Ctr, London, England.;Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Sumathipala, Athula
    Inst Res & Dev, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka.;Keele Univ, Fac Hlth, Sch Primary Care Res, Res Inst Primary Care & Hlth Sci, Keele, Staffs, England..
    Rijsdijk, Fruhling
    Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, MRC Social Genet & Dev Psychiat Ctr, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Spector, Timothy
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Mangino, Massimo
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Lachance, Genevieve
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Gatz, Margaret
    Univ So Calif, Dept Psychol, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Butler, David A.
    Natl Acad Sci, Inst Med, Washington, DC 20418 USA..
    Bayasgalan, Gombojav
    Hlth Twin Assoc Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongol Peo Rep..
    Narandalai, Danshiitsoodol
    Hlth Twin Assoc Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongol Peo Rep.;Hiroshima Univ, Grad Sch Biomed & Hlth Sci, Hiroshima, Japan..
    Freitas, Duarte L.
    Univ Madeira, Dept Phys Educ & Sport, Funchal, Portugal..
    Maia, Jose Antonio
    Univ Porto, Fac Sport, CIFI2D, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Harden, K. Paige
    Univ Texas Austin, Dept Psychol, Austin, TX 78712 USA..
    Tucker-Drob, Elliot M.
    Univ Texas Austin, Dept Psychol, Austin, TX 78712 USA..
    Kim, Bia
    Pusan Natl Univ, Dept Psychol, Busan, South Korea..
    Chong, Youngsook
    Hong, Changhee
    Pusan Natl Univ, Dept Psychol, Busan, South Korea..
    Shin, Hyun Jung
    Pusan Natl Univ, Dept Psychol, Busan, South Korea..
    Christensen, Kaare
    Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Publ Hlth Epidemiol Biostat & Biodemog, Danish Twin Registry, Odense, Denmark.;Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Biochem & Clin Pharmacol, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark.;Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Genet, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark..
    Skytthe, Axel
    Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Publ Hlth Epidemiol Biostat & Biodemog, Danish Twin Registry, Odense, Denmark..
    Kyvik, Kirsten O.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Clin Res, Odense, Denmark.;Odense Univ Hosp, Odense Patient Data Explorat Network OPEN, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark..
    Derom, Catherine A.
    Univ Hosp Leuven, Ctr Human Genet, Leuven, Belgium..
    Vlietinck, Robert F.
    Univ Hosp Leuven, Ctr Human Genet, Leuven, Belgium..
    Loos, Ruth J. F.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Mindich Child Hlth & Dev Inst, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Cozen, Wendy
    Univ So Calif, Keck Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA.;Univ So Calif, Kenneth Norris Jr Comprehens Canc Ctr, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA..
    Hwang, Amie E.
    Univ So Calif, Keck Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA..
    Mack, Thomas M.
    Univ So Calif, Keck Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA.;Univ So Calif, Kenneth Norris Jr Comprehens Canc Ctr, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA..
    He, Mingguang
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, State Key Lab Ophthalmol, Zhongshan Ophthalm Ctr, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.;Univ Melbourne, Ctr Eye Res Australia, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Ding, Xiaohu
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, State Key Lab Ophthalmol, Zhongshan Ophthalm Ctr, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Chang, Billy
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, State Key Lab Ophthalmol, Zhongshan Ophthalm Ctr, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Silberg, Judy L.
    Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Virginia Inst Psychiat & Behav Genet, Dept Human & Mol Genet, Richmond, VA USA..
    Eaves, Lindon J.
    Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Virginia Inst Psychiat & Behav Genet, Dept Human & Mol Genet, Richmond, VA USA..
    Maes, Hermine H.
    Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Psychiat & Massey Canc Ctr, Dept Human & Mol Genet, Richmond, VA USA..
    Cutler, Tessa L.
    Univ Melbourne, Ctr Biostat & Epidemiol, Australian Twin Registry, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Hopper, John L.
    Univ Melbourne, Ctr Biostat & Epidemiol, Australian Twin Registry, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Seoul Natl Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Seoul, South Korea..
    Aujard, Kelly
    Univ Melbourne, Ctr Biostat & Epidemiol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Magnusson, Patrik K. E.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Aslan, Anna K. Dahl
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Song, Yun-Mi
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Sch Med, Samsung Med Ctr, Dept Family Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Yang, Sarah
    Seoul Natl Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Seoul, South Korea.;Seoul Natl Univ, Inst Hlth & Environm, Seoul, South Korea..
    Lee, Kayoung
    Inje Univ, Coll Med, Busan Paik Hosp, Dept Family Med, Busan, South Korea..
    Baker, Laura A.
    Univ So Calif, Dept Psychol, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA..
    Tuvblad, Catherine
    Univ So Calif, Dept Psychol, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA.;Univ Orebro, Sch Law Psychol & Social Work, SE-70182 Orebro, Sweden..
    Bjerregaard-Andersen, Morten
    INDEPTH Network, Bandim Hlth Project, Bissau, Guinea Bissau.;Statens Serum Inst, Res Ctr Vitamines & Vaccines, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark.;Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Endocrinol, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark..
    Beck-Nielsen, Henning
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Endocrinol, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark..
    Sodemann, Morten
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Infect Dis, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark..
    Heikkila, Kauko
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Tan, Qihua
    Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Publ Hlth, Epidemiol Biostat & Biodemog, Odense, Denmark..
    Zhang, Dongfeng
    Qingdao Univ, Coll Med, Dept Publ Hlth, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China..
    Swan, Gary E.
    Stanford Univ, Dept Med, Sch Med, Stanford Prevent Res Ctr, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Krasnow, Ruth
    SRI Int, Ctr Hlth Sci, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Jang, Kerry L.
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Psychiat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Knafo-Noam, Ariel
    Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Mankuta, David
    Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Sch Med, Hadassah Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, IL-91010 Jerusalem, Israel..
    Abramson, Lior
    Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Krueger, Robert F.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    McGue, Matt
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Pahlen, Shandell
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Tynelius, Per
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Duncan, Glen E.
    Univ Washington, Ctr Clin & Epidemiol Res, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Buchwald, Dedra
    Univ Washington, Ctr Clin & Epidemiol Res, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Corley, Robin P.
    Univ Colorado, Inst Behav Genet, Boulder, CO 80309 USA..
    Huibregtse, Brooke M.
    Univ Colorado, Inst Behav Genet, Boulder, CO 80309 USA..
    Nelson, Tracy L.
    Colorado State Univ, Dept Hlth & Exercise Sci, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA.;Colorado State Univ, Colorado Sch Publ Hlth, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA..
    Whitfield, Keith E.
    Duke Univ, Psychol & Neurosci, Durham, NC USA..
    Franz, Carol E.
    Univ Calif San Diego, Dept Psychiat, San Diego, CA 92103 USA..
    Kremen, William S.
    Univ Calif San Diego, Dept Psychiat, San Diego, CA 92103 USA.;VA San Diego Ctr Excellence Stress & Mental Hlth, La Jolla, CA USA..
    Lyons, Michael J.
    Boston Univ, Dept Psychol, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Ooki, Syuichi
    Ishikawa Prefectural Nursing Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Kahoku, Ishikawa, Japan..
    Brandt, Ingunn
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, Dept Genes & Environm, Oslo, Norway..
    Nilsen, Thomas Sevenius
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, Dept Genes & Environm, Oslo, Norway..
    Inui, Fujio
    Osaka Univ, Osaka Univ Grad Sch Med, Osaka, Japan.;Kio Univ, Fac Hlth Sci, Nara, Japan..
    Watanabe, Mikio
    Osaka Univ, Osaka Univ Grad Sch Med, Osaka, Japan..
    Bartels, Meike
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    van Beijsterveldt, Toos C. E. M.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Wardle, Jane
    UCL, Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Care, Hlth Behav Res Ctr, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Llewellyn, Clare H.
    UCL, Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Care, Hlth Behav Res Ctr, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Fisher, Abigail
    UCL, Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Care, Hlth Behav Res Ctr, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Rebato, Esther
    Univ Basque Country UPV EHU, Dept Genet Phys Anthropol & Anim Physiol, Leioa, Spain..
    Martin, Nicholas G.
    QIMR Berghofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Iwatani, Yoshinori
    Osaka Univ, Osaka Univ Grad Sch Med, Osaka, Japan..
    Hayakawa, Kazuo
    Osaka Univ, Osaka Univ Grad Sch Med, Osaka, Japan..
    Sung, Joohon
    Seoul Natl Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Seoul, South Korea.;Seoul Natl Univ, Inst Hlth & Environm, Seoul, South Korea..
    Harris, Jennifer R.
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, Dept Genes & Environm, Oslo, Norway..
    Willemsen, Gonneke
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Busjahn, Andreas
    HealthTwist GmbH, Berlin, Germany..
    Goldberg, Jack H.
    Univ Washington, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Rasmussen, Finn
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hur, Yoon-Mi
    Mokpo Natl Univ, Dept Educ, Jeonnam, South Korea..
    Boomsma, Dorret I.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Sorensen, Thorkild I. A.
    Univ Bristol, MRC Integrat Epidemiol Unit, Bristol, Avon, England.;Univ Copenhagen, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn, Ctr Basic Metab Res,Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hosp, Inst Prevent Med, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Kaprio, Jaakko
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.;Natl Inst Hlth & Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.;FIMM, Inst Mol Med, Helsinki, Finland..
    Silventoinen, Karri
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Social Res, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.;Osaka Univ, Osaka Univ Grad Sch Med, Osaka, Japan..
    Zygosity Differences in Height and Body Mass Index of Twins From Infancy to Old Age: A Study of the CODATwins Project2015In: Twin Research and Human Genetics, ISSN 1832-4274, E-ISSN 1839-2628, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 557-570Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A trend toward greater body size in dizygotic (DZ) than in monozygotic (MZ) twins has been suggested by some but not all studies, and this difference may also vary by age. We analyzed zygosity differences in mean values and variances of height and body mass index (BMI) among male and female twins from infancy to old age. Data were derived from an international database of 54 twin cohorts participating in the COllaborative project of Development of Anthropometrical measures in Twins (CODATwins), and included 842,951 height and BMI measurements from twins aged 1 to 102 years. The results showed that DZ twins were consistently taller than MZ twins, with differences of up to 2.0 cm in childhood and adolescence and up to 0.9 cm in adulthood. Similarly, a greater mean BMI of up to 0.3 kg/m(2) in childhood and adolescence and up to 0.2 kg/m(2) in adulthood was observed in DZ twins, although the pattern was less consistent. DZ twins presented up to 1.7% greater height and 1.9% greater BMI than MZ twins; these percentage differences were largest in middle and late childhood and decreased with age in both sexes. The variance of height was similar in MZ and DZ twins at most ages. In contrast, the variance of BMI was significantly higher in DZ than in MZ twins, particularly in childhood. In conclusion, DZ twins were generally taller and had greater BMI than MZ twins, but the differences decreased with age in both sexes.

  • 13009. Jeleń, Piotr
    et al.
    Wit, Andrzej
    Dudziński, Krzysztof
    Nolan, Lee
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Expressing gait-line symmetry in able-bodied gait2008In: Dynamic Medicine, ISSN 1476-5918, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 17-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gait-lines, or the co-ordinates of the progression of the point of application of the vertical ground reaction force, are a commonly reported parameter in most in-sole measuring systems. However, little is known about what is considered a "normal" or "abnormal" gait-line pattern or level of asymmetry. Furthermore, no reference databases on healthy young populations are available for this parameter. Thus the aim of this study is to provide such reference data in order to allow this tool to be better used in gait analysis. METHODS: Vertical ground reaction force data during several continuous gait cycles were collected using a Computer Dyno Graphy in-sole system(R) for 77 healthy young able-bodied subjects. A curve (termed gait-line) was obtained from the co-ordinates of the progression of the point of application of the force. An Asymmetry Coefficient Curve (AsC) was calculated between the mean gait-lines for the left and right foot for each subject. AsC limits of +/- 1.96 and 3 standard deviations (SD) from the mean were then calculated. Gait-line data from 5 individual subjects displaying pathological gait due to disorders relating to the discopathy of the lumbar spine (three with considerable plantarflexor weakness, two with considerable dorsiflexor weakness) were compared to the AsC results from the able-bodied group. RESULTS: The +/- 1.96 SD limit suggested that non-pathological gait falls within 12-16% asymmetry for gait-lines. Those exhibiting pathological gait fell outside both the +/- 1.96 and +/- 3SD limits at several points during stance. The subjects exhibiting considerable plantarflexor weakness all fell outside the +/- 1.96SD limit from 30-50% of foot length to toe-off while those exhibiting considerable dorsiflexor weakness fell outside the +/- 1.96SD limit between initial contact to 25-40% of foot length, and then surpassed the +/- 3SD limit after 55-80% of foot length. CONCLUSION: This analysis of gait-line asymmetry provides a reference database for young, healthy able-bodied subject populations for both further research and clinical gait analysis. This information is used to suggest non-pathological gait-line asymmetry pattern limits, and limits where detailed case analysis is warranted.

  • 13010. Jeng, Sainabou
    et al.
    Tengler, John
    Cultural influences on board gender balance: A comparative study among Sweden, Denmark, South Africa and Nigeria2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13011.
    Jenholt Nolbris, Margaretha
    et al.
    Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital and Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Hellström, Anna-Lena
    Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital and Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg.
    Grief related to the experience of being the sibling of a child with cancer2014In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 37, no 5, p. E1-E7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Few studies have described the well siblings' experience of grief when a brother or sister is treated for cancer. Knowing how sibling grief is expressed will guide clinician and family efforts to provide appropriate support.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe siblings' reports of grief related to the experience of having a brother or sister with cancer.

    Methods: A qualitative descriptive method was chosen based on open-ended interviews with 29 siblings aged 8 to 24 years. Qualitative content analysis was applied to the interview data.

    Results: Four categories of grief were identified: anticipatory grief after receiving information about the cancer diagnosis, grief and concern about the ill sibling's loss of a normal life, grief about being unimportant and forgotten in the family, and grief that continues after the sibling's death as a kind of bond.

    Conclusion: Despite variations in age and gender among participating siblings, their thoughts were similar. Grief was experienced differently from the time of the diagnosis onward, in the form of concerns related to the illness and situation of the ill sibling. Grief related to sibling bonds remained after death.

    Implication for practice: This study recommends offering siblings realistic information about their ill sibling and support for them in their situation from diagnosis and continuously thereafter. To meet the needs of well siblings, it is necessary to ask the siblings about their thoughts and discuss with them their emotions and worries.

  • 13012.
    Jenkins, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    After Firm Failure: Emotions, learning and re-entry2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Uncertainty is inherent to the entrepreneurship process. As such, the outcomes of entrepreneurial endeavors are unknown and unknowable a priori– some will be successful and others will fail. Entrepreneurship research, however, often focuses on new ventures and the entrepreneurs who own and run them in the start-up and growth phases. As a consequence, little is known about the failure experiences of entrepreneurs.

    In this dissertation I investigate how entrepreneurs interpret and respond to the failure of their firms. I focus on learning, re-entry into self-employment, and emotional recovery as important adaptive outcomes. To do this, I draw on cognitive-emotional theories of adaptation and motivation to capture the interplay between the interpretations of the failure, emotions, financial loss, coping behaviors, and adaptive outcomes. I employ a longitudinal quantitative design and survey owner-managers of firms that had recently gone bankrupt.

    The results are presented in four empirical papers that each focus on a specific aspect of the failure experience. The findings highlight that there is substantial variance in how entrepreneurs interpret firm failure and this has important implications for how they respond. Specifically, I show that loss of self-esteem is one mechanism which transfers failure of the firm to a personal failure for the entrepreneur and this help can explain why firm failure is emotionally devastating from some entrepreneurs and not others. I also found that coping can play a mediating role between the emotional and financial costs of failure and adaptive outcomes, providing empirical support for studying firm failure as part of an on-going entrepreneurial process rather than a single isolated event.

    Focusing on learning as an outcome from failure, I found that attributions for the failure influence what an entrepreneur learns from failure and through their influence on learning, motivation to re-enter self-employment. Hence, I tease out the relationship between learning from firm failure and motivation to apply what has been learned. Lastly, I consider how failure provides feedback information to entrepreneurs regarding their return to human capital in self-employment and that entrepreneurs factor this information into their decision making when deciding whether or not they re-enter self-employment.

    Taken together the dissertation provides a comprehensive picture of the implications of firm failure for entrepreneurs. The dissertation contributes to understanding why failure can be devastating for some entrepreneurs and not others and why some entrepreneurs learn from failure experiences and apply their new knowledge while others do not.

  • 13013.
    Jenkins, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Attributions, learning, and the motivation to re-enter self-employment after firm failureManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study draws on attribution theory (Weiner, 1985, 1986) and experiential learning theory (Argyris, 1976; Kolb, 1984) to explain the interdependencies among attributions, learning, and motivation to re-enter self-employment after firm failure. The hypotheses are tested using a unique sample of 122 Swedish entrepreneurs who had recently experienced firm failure and filed for firm bankruptcy. The results suggest that attributions for the causes of failure influence the types of knowledge and skills entrepreneurs gain from failure experiences. In turn, the nature of what is learned can influence entrepreneurial motivation. The results suggest that there are two types of entrepreneurs who are motivated to re-enter self-employment after experiencing firm failure— those who potentially learn the most and those who  potentially learn the least.

  • 13014.
    Jenkins, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Attributions Learning and the Motivation toRe-enter after Firm Failure2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13015.
    Jenkins, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    It is not what is felt but how it is managed: The implications of coping for grief and re-entry after firm failure2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Using coping theory as an overarching theoretical framework, this paper investigates the effects of emotional and financial loss on re-entry into self-employment after firm failure and subsequent feelings of grief. I hypothesize that how firm failure is experienced influences the choice of coping strategies. In turn, the choice of coping strategies influences re-entry and feelings of grief. To test these hypotheses I developed a unique, longitudinal database of entrepreneurs who recently filed for firm bankruptcy. The findings largely support the hypothesized relationships. This paper shows that how entrepreneurs manage and cope with firm failure has implications for how they feel and whether they re-enter self-employment. Future research could investigate the relationship between entrepreneurial motivation and the use of adaptive coping strategies.

  • 13016.
    Jenkins, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Managing Grief: a key to re-entry after firm failure2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13017.
    Jenkins, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    On the rebound: The implications of coping for adaptive outcomes after firm failureManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the transactional model of stress and coping developed by Lazarus and colleagues as an overarching theoretical framework, this paper investigates the mediating role coping plays in re-entry into self-employment and emotional recovery after firm failure. I hypothesize that the psychological and financial costs of firm failure influence the relative use of different coping strategies. In turn, the choice of coping strategies influences re-entry into self-employment and emotional recovery. To test these hypotheses, I developed a unique longitudinal database of entrepreneurs who recently filed for firm bankruptcy. The findings largely support the hypothesized relationships. The findings contribute to the emerging stream of literature on entrepreneurial failure and the habitual entrepreneurship literature by providing insights into the role of coping after firm failure.

  • 13018.
    Jenkins, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Who fails over and over again and who learns from firm failure?2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13019.
    Jenkins, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Who learns from firm failure and who fails again and again: Attributions, learning and motivation to re-enter2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13020.
    Jenkins, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Brundin, Ethel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Anger, Guilt or Shame: A Study of Emotional Responses to Firm Failure2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13021.
    Jenkins, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Brundin, Ethel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Grief or Relief: Emotional responses to firm failure2010In: Frontiers of entrepreneurship research 2010: proceedings of the thirtieth annual entrepreneurship research conference / [ed] Zacharakis et.al., 2010, p. -15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a first systematic assessment of how entrepreneurs react to firm failure. As hypothesized, we find that these reactions are complex and multifaceted, involving grief as well as relief. We use appraisal theory as an overarching theoretical framework. To test the hypotheses we develop a unique, hand collected, database of entrepreneurs who recently filed for firm bankruptcy. 310 telephone interviews were conducted (response rate 65%) directly followed by a mail questionnaire. After a three-wave mailing (i.e. two reminders) 147 valid mail questionnaires were returned (response rate 31.2%). This paper constitutes an important step in advancing empirically valid theory of emotional responses to entrepreneurial failure.

  • 13022.
    Jenkins, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. The University of Queensland, Australia.
    Hunter, Erik
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Hellerstedt, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
    Stigmatization of failed entrepreneurs: prevalence and solutions2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13023.
    Jenkins, Anna S.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Markowska, Magdalena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    The Changing Role of Different Learning Methods During The Entrepreneurship Process: A Conceptual Framework2008In: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research: Proceedings of the Twenty-Eight Annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference / [ed] Andrew Zacharakis et al., Babson College , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13024.
    Jenkins, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Wigren, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Getting to Know the Academic Entrepreneur: An investigation into Commercialization of Knowledge and Research2007In: The Academy of Management Conference, Philadelphia, US, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13025.
    Jenkins, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    A risky decision or an informed choice: Re-entry after firm failureManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We use human capital theory to investigate how entrepreneurs frame the decision to re-enter self-employment after experiencing firm failure. We suggest that in the context of re-entry individuals have valuable information regarding the return on their human capital in self-employment and factor this into their decision making. We develop hypotheses that incorporate this reduction in uncertainty regarding the returns to human capital in self-employment for predicting the likelihood that an individual re-enters self-employment after experiencing firm failure. We explain our results using human capital theory and prospect theory and suggest that there are two types of entrepreneurs who re-enter after experiencing firm failure: those who make an informed choice based on the return on their human capital in self-employment and those who take the chance to “win back” prior losses.

  • 13026.
    Jenkins, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Brundin, Ethel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Individual responses to firm failure: Appraisals, grief, and the influence of prior failure experience2014In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 17-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a systematic assessment of how entrepreneurs react to firmfailure. We use appraisal theory as an overarching theoretical framework andhypothesize that the more the failure experience is appraised as stressful interms of its implications for harm or loss, the greater the feelings of grief. Totest this hypothesis we developed a unique database of entrepreneurs whorecently filed for firm bankruptcy. Our results support that there is greatvariation in responses to firm failure, and we provide theoretically validexplanations to why this is the case. These findings have substantialimplications for how scholars conceive and theorize about entrepreneurialfailure.

  • 13027.
    Jennie, Henrysson
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Cecilia, Panchas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Upplevelser av att leva med KOL: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13028.
    jennifer, lundgren
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    risker för fostreskador i sammband med MR-undersökningar på gravida2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Magnetresonanstomografi (MRI) har med sin bildkvalitet och detaljrikedom börjat bli ett alternativ till ultraljud som idag är ledande inom fosterdiagnostik. Tidigare forskning har studerat magnetfältets inverkan på fostret, denna inverkan har fortfarande inte kunnat bekräftas. Syfte: Syftet är att svara på evidensfrågan: Vad finns det för evidens för att MR-undersökningar på gravida kvinnor leder till fosterskada? Metod: Arbetet är en systematisk litteraturstudie som innehåller 13 vetenskapliga artiklar, som har sökts fram via olika databaser. Resultat: Ingen evidens för biologiska effekter eller hörselnedsättning kunde ses hos exponerade foster, dock gavs motstridiga resultat gällande gadolinium och värmeökning. Gadolinium kan ge NSF biverkningar och ökad risk för missfall. Värmeökning kan ske hos fostret om normal mode inte används och längre sekvenser körs. Det är osäkert vem av fostret och modern som uppnår högsta helkropps-SAR värdet. Slutsats: Resultatet av denna studie skall bejakas med försiktighet då resultaten visar olika och få studier har gjorts med högsta evidensvärdet. Alla 13 studier i detta arbete påpekar att mer forskning bör göras för att kunna säkerställa riskerna med MR på gravida.

  • 13029.
    Jenschke, Albin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Piers, Clement
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Framtagande av mätningsmetod för internt läckage i ventilationsaggregat2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ventilationsbranschen är i nuläget, som så många andra branscher, i ett utvecklande stadie. Aggregaten optimeras för att visa sin kvalité genom olika klassificeringar inom relevanta områden. Det interna läckaget i aggregaten är ett av dessa områden.

    För att ventilationsenheterna skall erhålla en sådan klassificering krävs ett bevis där en genomförd läckagetestning har genomförts. Dessa tester görs enligt den Europiska standarden vilket innefattar två metoder. I detta examensarbete har de två metoderna spårgasmätning och trycksättningsmätning studerats genom en litteraturstudie och sedan jämförts. Slutsatser som har konstaterats i rapporten är att spårgasmätningen beskriver luftens väg och läckaget på ett mer trovärdigt sätt då mätningsmetoden genomförs under normala tryckförhållanden.

    Studenterna har sedan arbetat vidare med att applicera en förenklad metod av spårgasmätning. Litteraturstudien som genomförts har utvidgat förkunskaperna om hur mätningsmetoden genomförs och har därför legat till grund för hur den alternativa mätningsmetoden utvecklats. Den alternativa metodens validitet och reliabilitet har testats genom experiment som redovisas i resultatdelen.

    Den alternativa metodens funktionssätt bygger på spårgasmetodens teori. Skillnaden mellan de båda är att istället för att tillföra en spårgas i frånluftskanalen, tillsätts en vätska med en avdunstningsyta som ökar upp koncentrationen av VOC. Detta för att gasmängden vid spårgasmätningar ofta är stor vilket utgör en stor kostnadspost. Den valda vätskan är citronkoncentrat då detta innehåller limonen som en VOC-mätare känner av.  Detta medför att företagets egna VOC mätare kunnat användas vilket besparar företaget att köpa in mätutrustning.

    Slutsatser som åstadkommits från experimenten visar dock att koncentrationen VOC som den valda vätskan avdunstar avtar med längden den transporteras. Detta gör vätskan till oanvändbar för mätningsmetoden. Dock visar den alternativa mätningsmetoden potential att fungera då stabila VOC koncentrationer har åstadkommits från vätskan. Detta innebär att om en vätska med önskvärda egenskaper används kan den alternativa mätningsmetoden ge relevanta resultat.

  • 13030.
    Jensen, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Oliv, Ebba
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    “Det största målet är att man ska ha samma språk med bilder”: En kvalitativ studie av förskollärares användning av metoden bildstöd i förskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån ett didaktiskt perspektiv få förståelse för förskollärares användning av metoden bildstöd i förskolans undervisning. För att få svar på förskollärares uppfattningar om meningen med bildstöd samt vilka didaktiska val som görs i samband med det, har en kvalitativ studie gjorts. Metoden som användes i studien grundar sig på fem semistrukturerade intervjuer tillsammans med fem olika förskollärare. De semistrukturerade intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av Denscombe (2018) fem steg vid analys av kvalitativ data, vilket synliggjorde förskollärarnas uppfattningar kring bildstöd. I resultatet framkom det att förskollärarna använder bildstöd genom olika metoder, vilka beskrivs som skida/tag, tavellist och ordningsföljder vid rutinsituationer. De olika metoderna av bildstöd uppvisas har stor betydelse för syftet och användningen av bildstöd då det beror på bildstödets tillgänglighet. Den metod som beskrivs vara mest tillgänglig och den mest omtyckta metoden av förskollärarna, är skidan/tagen. Resultatet visar också att det är förskollärarna som hänvisar barnen till bildstödet och att bildstöd i det flesta fall används i kombination med Tecken som Alternativ och Kompletterande Kommunikation (TAKK) samt verbal kommunikation. Bildstödet används tillsammans med alla barn och särskilt med de barn som förskollärarna anser är i behov av metoden.

  • 13031.
    Jensen, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Stenberg, Linnéa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Empowerment och egenvård vid diabetes mellitus typ II2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 2 (DMT2) är en snabbt växande sjukdom i dagens samhälle. Vid diabetes är egenvård viktigt och ett stort ansvar ligger på individen. Att ha en hälsosam livsstil kan göra mycket för att minska risken för komplikationer och för att skapa balans i sitt dagliga liv. Empowerment vid diabetes kan vara viktigt för att känna sig trygg och för att känna kontroll över sin sjukdom.

    Syfte: Att beskriva empowerment och egenvårdsförmåga hos personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2.

    Metod: Examensarbetet genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt och baserades på 12 vetenskapliga studier med kvantitativ ansats. Dataanalys genomfördes enligt Fribergs trestegsmodell.

    Resultat: Ett positivt samband kunde ses mellan empowerment och egenvårds-förmåga hos personer med DMT2. Kunskap och utbildning har visats vara viktigt för att skapa trygghet. Hög känsla av empowerment och god egenvårdsförmåga har visat sig ha en reducerande effekt på HbA1c-värdet.

    Slutsats: Utbildning i empowerment kan tillämpas för att främja personer med DMT2 egenvårdsförmåga. Det är betydelsefullt att vårdpersonal har god kunskap kring empowerment för att kunna ge råd och stöd till personer med diabetes, och för att kunna skapa en god vårdrelation.

  • 13032.
    Jensen, Anne-Mette
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Effekten af Silversplints til personer med Ehlers-Danlos syndrom og hypermobilitet målt på håndfunktion og mentalt arbejde. Et crossover kontrolleret pilotstudie.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [da]

    Introduktion: Silversplints til personer med hypermobil Ehlers-Danlos syndrom er blevet udbredt i Danmark, men der findes ingen dokumenteret evidens for fingerortoserne til denne målgruppe. Hypermobilitet gør simple greb krævende og indikerer, at personer med EDS bruger væsentligt mere mental opmærksomhed på simple håndbevægelser sammenlignet med raske personer.

    Formål: Formålet med studiet var at undersøge effekten af silversplints til personer med EDS og hypermobilitet målt på henholdsvis håndfunktion og den mentale arbejdsbyrde præfrontalt.

    Metode: 5 deltagere med EDS samt 5 matchede kontrolpersoner blev rekrutteret. Den relative koncentration af O2Hb og HHb præfrontalt blev målt med fNIRS under Box and Block testen samt 3 øvrige modificerede håndfunktionstest. Målinger af deltagerne med EDS blev foretaget under to konditioner; uden og med silversplints.

    Resultat: fNIRS målingerne viste en signifikant reducering af den relative O2Hb koncentration og en tilsvarende signifikant øgning af den relative HHb koncentration ved anvendelsen af silversplints kontra ingen ortoser. Box and Block testen viste en signifikant forskel ved de to konditioner, og mens skrivetesten demonstrerede en signifikant forskel mellem deltagerne med EDS og kontrolgruppen.

    Konklusion: Silversplints reducerer den mentale arbejdsbyrde ved personer med EDS.

  • 13033.
    Jensen, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Flerspråkiga elever: en oanvänd resurs?: En studie kring lärares erfarenhet av flerspråkiga elever i engelskundervisningen.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13034.
    Jensen, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    The Social Life of the Student - A design Project2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes from start to finish how a new design and extension of the Gengras student union center at the University of Hartford was done. The report will be using a project that was made by me and explains how the whole project was planned by contacting S/L/A/M Collaborative Inc. all the way until the final outcome was presented for a final jury. It explains the whole chain process one should use when designing a building such as different analysis, precedent studies, concept development and how to approach the design project. New technologies, the feature of access and flexibility are the main influence words in the design that is being used as an example. These words can be found and felt throughout the whole building both in the façade drawings and in the plan solutions. The result was a building that is more organic and flexible in its forms and spaces than current architecture is today. A sort of architecture that comes more and more in which will shape the society in the future. My building also keeps a sense of the old façade to create a transition between the new and the old. The old and the new cooperation prove that the innovative design does not destroy the old building; it only enhances it and prepares it for the future.

  • 13035.
    Jensen, Hanne
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    "Sen blev det lättare och nu är det jätteenkelt": En kvalitativ studie om elevers upplevelser av sin läs- och skrivutveckling2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on students' reading and writing learning highlights the teachers' opinions about the subject and the factors that are important for a favorable reading and writing, but is missing the students' perspectives and experiences regarding their learning. The aim of the study was to investigate the students' perceptions of their literacy development and their thoughts on the importance of learning to read and write. With this aim as a starting point the following questions will be answered:

    • How do the students describe the importance of learning to read and write?
    • How do the students describe their own reading and writing development?
    • How do the perceptions and experiences differ between students who, according to the teacher, have had various individual conditions in the early reading and writing process?

    The study is based on six semi-structured interviews with students in second grade, and an interview with the students' teacher. The base for the study is the hermeneutic theory and approach. The results show that the students' experiences and thoughts are of great importance for teachers to be able to understand how students feel about their reading and writing skills. It reveals some differences in the students' experiences, which may be due to their varying conditions at the beginning of their reading and writing process. Some students believe that the importance of learning to read and write is because it is required in adult life while other students believe that it is significant to be able to cope with school work. Four of the six students have experienced some problems in their literacy development in spelling, writing long words and reading a lot of text.

  • 13036.
    Jensen, Jacob Bjerregaard Feveile
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Andersen, Jesper Beyer Fuglevig
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Opnår protesebrugeren en bedre komfortmulighed gennem dagen med henblik på trykfordeling og volumenkontrol ved at anvende en volumenjusterbar crusprotese med RevoFit2 frem for et traditionelt hylster?: Et casestudie med test af reliabilitet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Prosthetic users often have problems with optimal fit and experience changes in volume. A RevoFit2 lamination kit allows the prosthetist to apply targeted compression gates that allows the user to change or reduce pressure without removing clothes.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a volume-adjustable prosthetic with RevoFit2 can give the user a better comfort throughout the day based on pressure distribution and volume change compared to a traditional laminated prosthesis.

    Method: The pressure between the lower leg and the prosthetic and the volume of the lower leg were measured on a healthy person diagnosed with longitudinal dysmelia. The static and dynamic tests and volume of the residual limb were examined over four days. All tests spread over morning, noon and afternoon.

    Results: Significant pressure reduction occurred using the RevoFit2-prosthetic compared to the traditional laminated prosthetic on most of the pressure points. The change of pressure throughout the day was also significantly decreasing on the RevoFit2-prosthetic compared to the laminated prosthetic, which were significantly increasing. No significance was found when measuring volume changes throughout the day.

    Conclusion: RevoFit2 is a useful and easily manageable method to gain increased comfort for the user. By using RevoFit2 it is possible to reduce the pressure on the bony landmarks.

  • 13037.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Analyzing third-party logistics providers through the concept of position2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of this paper

    Third-party   logistics firms have been described in a number of ways through different   role schemes based on industrial development.    This article uses one such role scheme to expand on the concept of   position for analyzing third-party logistics.   

    Design/methodology/approach

    The paper   uses a case study of one third-party logistics firm involved in several   complex distribution systems within the car industry to act as a focus for   the concept of a position. 

    Findings

    The paper   shows the relevance of using a specific conception of roles to expand on the   position concept from the literature and discusses how this can be used to   analyze TPLs.

    Research limitations/implications  

    The   research is based on a single case where position was not the only aspect   studied and would benefit from other empirical data especially from smaller   and more specialized third-party logistics firms. 

    Practical implications

    The   opportunities for TPL firms are seen to depend on both how the distribution   system is structured as well as their own capacities and the roles they   already possess.

     

    What is original/value of paper

    Combining   different literatures that have studied different aspects of 3PLs gives a   better overall understanding of the development of this industry at a   conceptual level.

  • 13038.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Humanitarian cluster leads: lessons from 4PLs2012In: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 148-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to improve the understanding of the role of humanitarian cluster leads through applying lessons from the fourth-party logistics (4PL) literature.

    Design/methodology/approach – The primary data for this paper are based on an extensive case study of coordination mechanisms in humanitarian logistics covering specifically the UNJLC (United Nations Joint Logistics Centre) and the Logistics Cluster. In total, 37 semi-structured interviews were conducted, together with site visits and review of official documentation.

    Findings – The paper finds that the 4PL concept provides a partial match for the cluster leads with important lessons from the 4PL literature. In particular, lessons are related to selectivity of central participants for the cluster, and the need to develop relationship management skills.

     Research limitations/implications – The paper shows some clear areas where lessons from the 4PL literature are highly relevant to the logistics cluster lead. Some of these implications can also be applied to the other clusters, but further concepts should be developed for the cluster system as a whole.

    Social implications – The analysis shows that cluster leads should think of themselves more as facilitators rather than channel captains.

     

    Originality/value – The tasks for the humanitarian cluster leads have been outlined in some detail, but the ways to accomplish them and how they should operate in relation to other actors in the field has been less clear. By using the 4PL concept the paper demonstrates a number of lessons that are relevant to the logistics cluster lead in particular.

  • 13039.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Opportunities and constraints for intermediaries in distribution: The challenge of variety2010In: The IMP Journal, ISSN 2059-1403, E-ISSN 0809-7259, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 194-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The variety in contemporary distribution systems is large and reflects complex customer demands and new technological and organizational possibilities. Changes in the distribution system lead to new challenges and constraints for intermediaries trying to establish consistent roles for themselves. The challenge for theory is how to describe these changed and complex roles.

    This article is based on a case study of one intermediary (a third-party logistics provider) in the car distribution industry. The article presents a framework of six roles, four of which find parallels in functionalist discussions of roles, and two of which appear more closely tied to new developments in distribution. These are specifically tied to the way intermediaries have increased opportunities to act as resource providers and organizers in contemporary distribution.

    The opportunities and constraints for intermediaries in the type of distribution context studied are analyzed using the IMP literature. This proves fruitful in particular through discussing the impact of actor bonds and resource ties. The resources the intermediary controls may be less important in defining its role than the fit with resources possessed by others and the resulting opportunities.

  • 13040.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Outcomes of reshoring for Swedish firms: The influence of industrial networks2017In: Proceedings of the 24th International Annual EurOMA Conference, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13041.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Sourcing from China: Approaches and outcomes for Swedish firms2017In: The 29th NOFOMA Conference ”Taking On Grand Challenges” / [ed] Daniel Hellström, Joakim Kembro and Hajnalka Bodnar, Nordic Logistics Research Network, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The large and   persistent trend of firms sourcing from China is in itself well-established with many success stories. However, managing the sourcing is a complex issue confounded both by cultural differences and the length of the supply chain. Outcomes are often described primarily in terms of cost savings.

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse how Swedish firms manage their sourcing in China and connect this to the types of outcomes achieved.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This study is based on a series of semi-structured interviews with Swedish production firms sourcing from China. These findings are then confronted with previous research on sourcing from China from other regions.

    Findings

    The paper finds that the firms have developed good monitoring systems for their sourcing work and are generally satisfied with the outcomes, but also have persistent communication issues. The ability to source effectively from China, based on many years of experience and having handled prior difficulties is seen as a competitive advantage.

    Research limitations/implications  

    One archetype of Swedish firms successfully sourcing from China emerges from the research. The research only deals with selected Swedish production firms however and may not show the general situation for Swedish firms sourcing from China.

    Practical implications

    The implications are that the development and use of monitoring systems seems to be a critical component of sourcing success.

    Original/value

    The research addresses a gap where the actual outcomes of sourcing beyond general   assessments of whether they are successful are little explored in the literature, in particular from the Swedish perspective.

  • 13042.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Hammervoll, TrondHarstad University College.
    International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management: NOFOMA conference special issue on logistics and supply chain management2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 13043.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Outsourcing to TPL firms: Present customers as a decision criteria2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Third-party logistics providers (TPLs) and their connections with customers have been described in different ways in the literature.  In this article we consider three important aspects TPLs interactions with their customers.

    First, TPLs can be usefully analyzed in terms of the different economies that they achieve, and how they can coordinate differing demands from their customers to achieve efficiency.  The second aspect of TPL interaction with customers is the relation between one TPL and a specific customer, with the TPL providing services of superior quality or low cost.  The third aspect of TPL interaction with customers is the relation between the customers themselves.  We know from previous studies that TPL firms have few customers and deep relationships in most cases (Andersson, 1997).  The consequences for the buyer of the TPL losing or gaining a big customer can then influence the economies of scale and scope extensively. 

    The IMP literature has a great deal to say about interaction between industrial actors and we propose to connect this study to IMP writings on interaction and network effects rather than just the effects between a TPL and single customer.  The position of a service provider such as a TPL can usefully be studied by considering IMP dimensions of actors, activities and resources (Håkansson & Snehota, 1995).

    We report on the initial interviews of a study to explore the relations between TPLs and their buyers, with particular focus on how coordination of services is handled.  Initial results show that the points from the interviews really touch upon two levels.  There is one level to do with the physical network and logistics operations, and another which deals with the actors and the way they interact.  We suggest that the Johansson & Matsson (1992) model of the network and production system can explain how these two levels interact and propose to employ it more extensively.

  • 13044.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Outsourcing to TPL firms: Present customers as a decision criteria2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Third-party logistics providers can create economies of scale and scope through activity coordination and specialization.  The size and type of customers and not least the way the TPL works with these is highly important in allowing the TPL to create scale and scope.  The issue of TPL relations with other customers is not however part of purchasing criteria as presented in the literature, presenting a significant and for the firms dangerous gap which needs to be closed.  We review the literature and report on the initial steps of a study to address this gap.

  • 13045.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Phases of coordination in humanitarian logistics2012In: NOFOMA 2012 - proceedings of the 24th annual nordic logistics research network conference: 7-8 June 2012, Naantali, Finland / [ed] Juuso Töyli, Laura Johansson, Harri Lorentz, Lauri Ojala and Sini Laari, 2012, p. 885-886Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of this paper

    The number of organisations involved in   relief work in general and humanitarian logistics specifically is large and   increasing, creating new complexity. In this paper we analyse different types   of coordination in two case studies.    This has implications along many dimensions, including the roles of   participants, long and short term development and coordination.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The study is based on two case studies,   one showing the initial stages of the development of the cluster system in   humanitarian relief, the other the post-election crisis in Kenya.  The original cases were restructured   according to our theoretical framework and analysed accordingly.  In total the cases are based on 39   semi-structured interviews.

    Findings

    We find that the start-up of operations   is skewed by the need for a clear disaster declaration for the cluster   system.  The different roles of the   organisations and differing formal requirements create significant problems   before and after cluster activation and de-activation.  Individual organisations take on many roles   in the cluster system and beyond it, both in terms of vertical and horizontal   coordination. 

    Research limitations/implications

    The two cases have slightly different   foci with the Kenya case relating to a specific emergency whereas the cluster   system describes the system itself based on development in several   emergencies.

    Practical implications

    It may be necessary to treat different   groupings of organisations differently, ideally restricting access based on   the role of the organisation and the stage of the disaster.  Participating organisations are of widely   different types and the same way of coordinating all of these may not be   appropriate.

    What is original/value of paper

    There is a strong need for more academic   empirical research in the field.    Combining these two case studies for comparison allows us to learn new   lessons about how different approaches to coordination have worked in practice.

  • 13046.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    The coordination roles of relief organisations in humanitarian logistics2016In: International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, ISSN 1367-5567, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 465-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of organisations involved in relief work in general and humanitarian logistics specifically is large and increasing, creating new complexity. In this paper we analyse different types of coordination and roles in two case studies of the humanitarian cluster system based on its initial development and the Kenyan Post-election crisis. The different and unclear roles of the organisations create significant problems before and after cluster activation and deactivation. Individual organisations take on many roles in the cluster system and beyond it in terms of coordination. The clarity of the roles affects the need for and ease of coordination. We suggest a simple basic categorisation of roles as a starting point for developing this concept in the field of humanitarian logistics and connect this to coordination.

  • 13047.
    Jensen, Lotte
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Platsen för tillhandahållandet av kunskapstjänster: Mervärdesbeskattning vid gränsöverskridande handel med tjänster2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Företag vars produkt utgörs av kunskap är en bransch med stark tillväxt, som spelar en allt större roll i dagens internationella handel. Eftersom marknaden inom Europeiska Unionen, (EU), skall fungera som en inre marknad med fri rörlighet, är mervärdesskattelagstiftningen inom EU till stor del harmoniserad, genom ett flertal direktiv, varav det centrala är rådets sjätte direktiv.

    Platsen för tillhandahållandet är det främsta instrumentet inom mervärdes-skatterätten för att undvika att en gränsöverskridande tjänst dubbel- eller icke-beskattas, eftersom det avgör vilken stat som har rätt att mervärdesbeskatta tjänsten. Huvudsyftet i denna uppsats är att utreda och analysera vad som utgör platsen för tillhandahållandet av kunskapstjänster, enligt artikel 9 i sjätte direktivet, och ett delsyfte är att undersöka i vilka situationer tillämpningen av artikeln kan resultera i att en transaktion dubbelbeskattas, icke-beskattas eller på annat sätt snedvrider konkurrensen. Med kunskapstjänster avses framför-allt tjänster utförda av konsulter, konsultbyråer, ingenjörer, jurister och revisorer.

    Platsen för tillhandahållandet kan avgöras antingen genom att tjänsten beskattas där leverantören är etablerad, enligt ursprungslandsprincipen eller genom att tjänsten beskattas där den konsumeras, enligt destinationslandsprincipen. I sjätte direktivet används en kombination av principerna. Huvudprincipen i artikel 9.1 i sjätte direktivet är baserad på ursprungs-landsprincipen, men i artikel 9.2 finns ett flertal undantag från huvudregeln, där tjänsten istället anses tillhandahållen där den konsumeras. Att destinationslandsprincipen tillämpas kan innebära att tjänsten exempelvis anses tillhandahållen där kunden är etablerad eller där tjänsten fysiskt utförs. Avgörande för vilken regel kunskapstjänsten omfattas av är hur den klassificeras. I uppsatsen framkommer att det föreligger tolknings- och gränsdragningsproblem, emellan de olika reglerna i artikel 9 i sjätte direktivet, samt att medlemsstaterna inte tolkar direktivet enhetligt. En oenhetlig tolkning kan leda till att en kunskapstjänst, vid handel mellan två medlemsstater, blir dubbelbeskattad eller icke-beskattad. En oenhetlig tolkning av begreppen fast driftställe och skattskyldig i artikel 9 kan också få samma konsekvenser, eftersom tolkningen av begreppen kan vara avgörande för platsen för tillhandahål-landet.

    När det gäller handel mellan ett EU-land och tredje land kan också icke-beskattning och dubbelbeskattning uppkomma. I ett sådant fall är orsaken dock inte en oenhetlig tolkning av sjätte direktivet. Om dubbel- eller icke-beskattning uppkommer är istället beroende av om det tredje landet mervärdesbeskattar tjänsten eller inte. Om ursprungslandsprincipen eller destinationslandsprincipen används för att avgöra platsen för tillhandahållandet i artikel 9 påverkar dock om en situation av dubbel- eller icke-beskattning kan uppkomma.

    Om en tjänst dubbelbeskattas eller icke-beskattas resulterar detta i snedvridning av konkurrensen, eftersom liknande tjänster beskattas olika. En snedvridning av konkurrensen kan också uppkomma genom att tjänsten beskattas med olika skattesatser. Om ursprungsprin-cipen tillämpas beläggs tjänsten med den skattesats, som finns där leverantören är etablerad. Skattesatserna inom EU inte är harmoniserade, vilket kan resultera i att samma typ av tjänst beläggs med olika skattesatser, beroende av var leverantören är etablerad. Om istället destinationslandsprincipen tillämpas, beläggs tjänsten med den skattesats som finns där kunden är etablerad. Det innebär att tjänsten påförs samma skattesats, oavsett i vilket land leverantören är etablerad. Vid valet av princip måste dock även hänsyn tas till andra kriterier, såsom vilken administration principen kräver och hur enkel den är att tillämpa.

    Kommissionen har lagt fram två lagförslagsändringar rörande platsen för tillhandahållandet av tjänster, som syftar till att bättre anpassa reglerna till dagens handel. Det utgör därför ett andra delsyfte att analysera vilken påverkan dessa har, i jämförelse med de nuvarande reglerna, på platsen för tillhandahållandet av kunskapstjänster. Om reglerna införs kommer de i princip inte att förändra platsen för tillhandahållandet av kunskapstjänster till icke-skattskyldiga. Vid tillhandahållanden till skattskyldiga kommer dock de nya reglerna ha en påverkan på platsen för tillhandahållandet av kunskapstjänster.

  • 13048.
    Jensen, Marina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Conversion Rate Optimization: A Qualitative Approach to Identifying Optimization Barriers2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examined the question “What barriers are preventing Swedish companies from performing a structured conversion rate optimization process?”. As the purpose is to obtain an understanding of what is preventing companies from successfully execute conversion rate optimization (CRO). Given that CRO is an important part in most digital marketing activities. And despite increase in budget and importance in marketing, resource constraint continues to be the biggest obstacle. 

    The method employed to investigate this question was qualitative interviews with participants who worked with websites in seven different companies. An analysis was carried out, estimating the participating companies’ level of knowledge, overall structure, what to prioritize and current obstacles.

    It was established that the interviewees had several different areas of concern with regards to conversion rate optimization. Limited time, budget, priorities, knowledge, ownership, structured approach and interpreting data, were all treated in the analysis. A discussion was carried out to argument the definition of “biggest” barrier, as some barriers were more common than others but easier to overcome. Overall, these obstacles could all be traced back to barriers as prioritization, structure and ownership.

    The conclusion was that companies must have a more structured working process within the area of conversion rate optimization in order for this practice to be prioritized as a substantial part of companies online marketing activities.

  • 13049.
    Jensen, Åsa
    et al.
    Volvo Powertrain.
    Palm, Lena
    Volvo Powertrain.
    Claesson, Frida
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Supply chain planning in automotive sector: Swedish Case Study2010In: Proceedings of the Plan Research Conference, Skövde, 2010, p. 53-72Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to enhance current knowledge of supply chain planning (SCP) by analyzing the importance of collaboration, information exchange and a supporting information system in its successful execution. The issues are examined through a case study from international manufacturing company, Volvo Powertrain, which operates in automotive industry through its worldwide manufacturing network. This research reveals that collaboration is a complex and important issue of SCP, and occurs simultaneously in vertical and horizontal dimensions. It is important to select strategic partners and to develop a structured work processes and routines. The main objective of collaboration is to determine common goals and objectives and to facilitate the exchange of information and these together drives the performance of a supply chain. A sufficient information system supporting the SCP is vital to facilitate collaboration, and information exchange between the different supply chain participants. However, currently in Volvo Powertrain quite many phases of SCP are completed without appropriate and integrated information systems and the process itself contains severalmanual phases. This study is explorative in nature and more empirical data, from similar and other research settings, is needed to further validate the findings. However, its empirical findings strengthen research discipline knowhow of SCP in global manufacturing companies.This research provides insights to managers and practitioners on how to coordinate operations planning and control (OPC) across organizations within the supply chain to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. The SCP procedures described in this research work also are valuable for Volvo Powertrain and other industrial actors to further develop processes to respond on competitive pressure. This research work empirically demonstrates, as very few before have done so, how OPC can be coordinated across the supply chain. It is also based on the most recent observations from the automotive industry sector, where structural renewal has been ongoing in the recent decade due to global production overcapacity.

  • 13050.
    Jeong, Hayeong
    et al.
    Kyoto University.
    Kobayashi, Kiyoshi
    Kyoto University.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Social capital for sustainable rural regions: the roles of voluntary association-mediated public service2013In: Social Capital and Rural Development in the Knowledge Society / [ed] Hans Westlund and Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2013, p. 299-332Chapter in book (Refereed)
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