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  • 12951.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University.
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Knowledge Management Implications in Sustainable Vehicle Innovation and Development2008In: Communications of the IBIMA, ISSN 1943-7765, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 8-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12952.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Adjusting Classic Marketing Lenses on Retail Supply Chain Management: Revisiting Postponement and Speculation2010In: The Proceedings of The Nordic Retail and Wholesale Conference, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12953.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Application of Postponement in Retailing - Connections to Logistics Flexibility2012In: / [ed] H.J.P. Timmermans, Vienna, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12954.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Department of Marketing and Strategy, Stockholm School of Economics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Application of Postponement in Retailing: A Cross-Case Analysis of Major European Retailers2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12955.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Postponement in Retail Supply Chain Management: A Systematic Literature Review2012In: Nordic Retailing Research - Emerging Diversity / [ed] J. Hagberg, U. Holmberg, M. Sundström & L. Walter, Gothenburg: Bokförlaget BAS, 2012, p. 173-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12956.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Recapturing the Trends in the Application of Postponement in Retail Supply Chain Management2011In: / [ed] Pierre Semal, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12957.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Increased Flexibility in Retail Supply Chains through Postponement2012Report (Other academic)
  • 12958.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Fridriksson, Helgi-Valur
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Postponement in Retailing? Seeking a Connection2010In: The Proceedings of The 22nd NOFOMA Conference / [ed] Jan Stentoft Arlbjørn, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12959.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Postponement and logistics flexibility in retailing: A multiple case study from Sweden2016In: Industrial management + data systems, ISSN 0263-5577, E-ISSN 1758-5783, Vol. 116, no 3, p. 445-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how postponement is applied in retailing and how such application is connected to logistics flexibility.

    Design/methodology/approach – An overview of the established typological classifications of postponement and logistics flexibility is presented followed by empirical results from three case studies of retailers of electronics, furniture, and grocery in Sweden. The study relies on primary qualitative data gathered on the retailers as well as secondary material on some suppliers including logistics providers for further insight.

    Findings – The results of the study show that retailers have different practices when it comes to postponement and speculation; however, there is a growing tendency toward postponement among retailers by exploring new means of applying postponement. The results reveal that retailers that have higher application of postponement seem to be more flexible in their logistics operations.

    Research limitations/implications – The paper provides direction for further empirical research of the topic, by indicating the application of postponement is not constrained to the point of purchase and could be extended by involving consumers as well as capitalizing on suppliers’ competences and capabilities. Especially, sales services, software, and upgrades could provide opportunity for further expanding the concept.

    Originality/value – The paper contributes to the existing literature on logistics practices of postponement and speculation, as well as logistics flexibility by focussing on retail firms in Sweden. Most of the prior scholarly work on postponement and flexibility is on the manufacturing context.

  • 12960.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Osnes, Tone-Lise
    Schmitz, Annika
    Customization in Bicycle Retailing2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12961.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Osnes, Tone-Lise
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Schmitz, Annika
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Customization in bicycle retailing2015In: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, ISSN 0969-6989, E-ISSN 1873-1384, Vol. 23, p. 77-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the process of customization by investigating how retailers and consumers interact in bicycle retailing. The paper focuses on three high-end bicycle retailers. Building on qualitative data gathered through interviews and netnography, this study takes both retailers’ and consumers’ processes into account. The results show that retailers capitalize on external and internal opportunities for co-creation, including new technologies, production and distribution innovations, and social media. Retailers’ planning for co-creation plays a significant role in providing a unique shopping experience for consumers. This includes supply chain solutions such as effective inventory and warehousing systems, partnerships and outsourcing, tracking, and postponement, which facilitate simplicity. Retailers rely on feedback from consumers to improve their planning and implementation processes. In terms of consumer processes, several emotions are evident, including the sense of standing-out and self-esteem, fun and coolness, creativity and imagination, and most importantly, the possibility of reflecting one’s personality in self-designed bikes. Systems that are easy to interact with, such as interactive online configurators, contribute to consumers’ cognitive processes. Loyalty and positive word-of-mouth turns out to be a common manifestation of the behavior associated with such co-creation processes. We also reflect on how, by what means, and why consumers and retailers engage in co-creation through customization, mainly pertaining to learning and innovation. Our results also point to various possible outcomes from such processes for consumer and retailers; including expressing ones personality and individuality for consumers, and providing product variety efficiently, and boosting brand image for retailers.

  • 12962.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Omni-Channel Innovation in Grocery Retailing: The Drivers of Mobile Shopping2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12963.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    The Road to Omni-Channel – The Drivers of Shopping Apps in Grocery Retailing2016In: The store and the Internet of Things: retail operations, marketing and beyond, Toulouse, 2016, p. 126-129Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12964.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Paulraj, Antony
    An Empirical Taxonomy of Logistics Configurations in Retailing: The Role of Postponement and Logistics FlexibilityManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 12965.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Paulraj, Antony
    University of Southern Denmark.
    Logistics Flexibility in Swedish Retailing2013In: The European Institute of Retailing and Services Studies (EIRASS), Philadelphia, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12966.
    Jafari, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Paulraj, Antony
    Postponement, Logistics Flexibility, and Firm Performance: An Empirical Analysis of Swedish Retailing FirmsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 12967.
    Jagefeldt, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Norén, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sollenby, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Lära genom lek i förskoleklass: en intervjustudie om hur förskollärare beskriver sin syn på lekens roll i barns lärande2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 12968.
    Jagstedt, Siri
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Operations Management.
    Edh Mirzaei, Nina
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Operations Management.
    The missing link between local and global best practices within manufacturing2015In: Proceedings for the 22nd International Annual EurOMA Conference, Operations management for sustainable competitiveness, 26 June - 1 July 2015, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes a knowledge-based view on operations strategy and investigate how local best practices (LBPs) are used as contributors for identification and evaluation of a manufacturing global best practice (GBP). Semi-structured interviews with 14 respondents at seven multinational companies concluded that LBPs and GBPs are transferred by different mechanisms. LBPs are rarely used as contributors to GBPs but rather stay internal among local sites. GBPs more often concern development of systems and frameworks and are thereby less concerned with context. The importance of including local knowledge and practices and use existing internal resources to reach competitive advantages are emphasised.

  • 12969.
    Jahani, Aida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Samma rätt oavsett ålder?: En studie om åldersdiskrimineringsområdet i svensk rätt2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The prevention of age discrimination in Sweden did not have any solvent grounds until directive 2000/78/EG was implemented into Swedish law. Today age discrimination has been banned for just over two years. This ground of discrimination has, compared to other existing grounds of discrimination in Swedish law, a lot more opportunities to make exceptions from. Given the fact that the exemption rules are vague, it is difficult to determine whether the protection against age discrimination is in fact a protection at all. The purpose of this essay is to describe what the law regarding age discrimination means. Is the protection against age discrimination appropriate or are the prohibitions against age discrimination deficient? Both Swedish and EU-law applies in this essay, since the Swedish Discrimination Act has been influenced by EU-law.

    From the prohibition of age discrimination there are a few exemptions which are permissible under Swedish and EU-law. There are three possibilities to make exemptions to the age discrimination ban in Swedish law, one of which can be made in individual contracts and collective agreements as regards the right to pension- survivor - or invalidity benefits. The other two exemptions are more general and vague and therefore do not provide much guidance. Consequently, the main question is whether or not the Swedish Discrimination Act provides a protection with no actual effect, since the preparatory works mention situations where exceptions to the prohibition of age discrimination are considered to be permitted.

    In 2001 a mandatory rule came into force in the Employment Protection Act (LAS) which gave employees the right, to remain in their post until the month in which he or she reaches the age of 67. The issue however occurs after the employer has reached this age and whether or not this rule constitutes a direct discrimination by law.

  • 12970.
    Jahre, Marianne
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS). Department of Strategy and Logistics, BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Coordination in humanitarian logistics through clusters2010In: International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, ISSN 0960-0035, E-ISSN 1758-664X, Vol. 40, no 8/9, p. 657-674Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – In the field of humanitarianism, cluster thinking has been suggested as a solution to the lack of coordinated disaster response. Clusters for diverse functions, including sheltering, logistics and water and sanitation, can be viewed as an effort to achieve functional coordination. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to a greater understanding of the potential of cluster concepts using supply chain coordination and inter‐cluster coordination. The focus is on the conceptual level rather than on specific means of coordination.

    Design/methodology/approach – The cluster concept in humanitarian relief, along with some key empirical issues, is based on a case study. The concept is then compared to the literature on clusters and coordination in order to develop a theoretical framework with propositions on the tradeoffs between different types of coordination.

    Findings – The results provide important reflections on one of the major trends in contemporary development of humanitarian logistics. This paper shows that there is a tradeoff between different types of coordination, with horizontal coordination inside cluster drawing attention away from important issues of the supply chain as well as the need to coordinate among the clusters.

    Research limitations/implications – There is a need for more in‐depth case studies of experiences with clusters in various operations. Various perspectives should be taken into account, including the field, responding agencies, beneficiaries, donors, military and commercial service providers, both during and between disasters.

    Practical implications – The paper presents the tradeoffs between different types of coordination, in which basic aims such as standardisation through functional coordination, must be balanced with cross‐functional and vertical coordination in order to more successfully serve the users' composite needs.

    Originality/value – The focus on possible trade‐offs between different types of coordination is an important complement to the literature, which often assumes simultaneous high degrees of horizontal and vertical coordination.

  • 12971.
    Jahre, Marianne
    et al.
    Department of Strategy and Logistics, BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS). Department of Strategy and Logistics, BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Listou, Tore
    Norwegian Defence Command and Staff College, Oslo, Norway.
    Theory development in humanitarian logistics: A framework and three cases2009In: Management Research News, ISSN 0140-9174, E-ISSN 1758-6135, Vol. 32, no 11, p. 1008-1023Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: There is a need for theory development within the field of humanitarian logistics to understand logistics needs in different stages of a crisis and how to meet these. This paper aims to discuss three dimensions identified in logistics and organization theories and how they relate to three different cases of humanitarian logistics operations - the regional concept of the International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent Societies, the development and working of the United Nations Joint Logistics Centre and coordination challenges of military logistics in UN mandated peacekeeping operations. The purpose is to build a framework to be used in further studies.

    Design/methodology/approach: A framework for the study of humanitarian logistics along three dimensions is developed, followed by a discussion of the chosen cases in relation to these dimensions. The framework will be used as basis for the case studies to be undertaken for the purpose of understanding and identification of new questions and needs for other or revised concepts from theory.

    Findings: The paper shows the relevance of a wide literature to the issues pertinent to humanitarian logistics. There is considerable promise in extant literature on logistics, SCM and coordination, but this needs to be confronted with the particular issues seen in the humanitarian logistics setting to achieve further theory development.

    Originality/value: The major contribution of the paper lies in its breadth of theoretical perspectives presented and combined in a preliminary theoretical framework. This is applied more specifically in the three case studies described in the paper.

  • 12972. Jain, Sushil
    et al.
    Kumar, Anshul
    Kumar, Shashi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Hybrid Multi-FPGA Board Evaluation by permitting limited multi-hop routing2004In: Design automation for embedded systems, ISSN 0929-5585, E-ISSN 1572-8080, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 309-326Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12973.
    Jakobsen, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Svensson, Maja
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The Green Consumer: A Study of Income and Organic Consumption2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organic consumption is currently experiencing a boom of sales on the Swedish and international market. Whether this occurrence is a contemporary trend or if it will prove to be sustainable in the future, the demographics of the so-called ‘green consumer’ are of great interest for economic agents on markets such as foods and textiles. Therefore, the writers have chosen to highlight this topic by focusing on the relation between income and purchase of organic products.. Economic data for the Swedish market has been gathered and analyzed through various statistical and macroeconomic perspectives, where the basis has been Kelvin Lancaster’s models of consumer choice theory. The results showed that income does not generally have a direct effect on the choice of purchasing an organic good in Sweden, although it cannot be fully dismissed when discussing the demographics of the green consumer. Other factors are of importance as well, including education, marital status and geographical location. The study of the green consumer is a rather new area and this study, along with its previous counterparts, has proved it difficult to draw any firm conclusions regarding the characteristics of the organic consumer. Therefore, future studies within this area will have plenty to discover about a subject of increasing interest and importance on the market.

  • 12974.
    Jakobsen, Mikael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Vederbörliga justeringar vid internprissättningsfrågor: Analys av om gällande rätt är tillfredställande för lösning av tvister som uppkommer till följd av justeringar av internprissättningar2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today adjustments on the pricing of internal transactions between multinational enterprises can lead to economic double taxation for the involved companies. This circumstance will result in an obstacle for private enterprising on the international market. Rules regarding corresponding adjustments and the mutual agreement procedure, that is used to eliminate economic double taxation, are today not sufficient tools to achieve this purpose. Consequently, changes regarding these rules should be implemented.

    The main reason for why economic double taxation is not put right is the competent authorities’ inability to reach a suitable solution for the dispute. This is essentially because the lack of time limit for the procedure and the lack of obligation for the authorities to reach a solution on the issue. These weaknesses should be attended to, if the procedure shall have a larger effect in the future.

    Since it is not appropriate to introduce cogent rules for the competent authorities to solve the dispute between themselves other alternatives should be considered, as international arbitration procedure and an international tax court. Although an international tax court probably would be the most effective alternative in order to eliminate economic double taxation, the situation in the area of international taxation requires that the alternative concerning an international arbitration procedure initially should be considered.

  • 12975.
    Jakobsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ståhlgren, Sarah
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Jag växer som människa: En studie om vilka motiv förskollärare uttrycker om arbetet på mångkulturella förskolor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning har pekat på en del utmaningar i arbetet med mångfald och mångkultur. I styrdokument för förskolan betonas mångfald som ett viktigt värde. Förskollärare har uppdraget att levandegöra det i alla möten som sker i verksamheten. De förskollärare som brinner för arbetet med mångfald, vad är det de ser? Den här studien syftar till att bidra med kunskap om vad det är som driver förskollärare i deras arbete på mångkulturella förskolor. Studiens syfte undersöks genom dessa forskningsfrågor:

    • Vilka motiv uttrycker förskollärarna som betydelsefulla för arbetet på mångkulturella förskolor? • Vilken relation beskriver förskollärarna mellan privata och yrkesmässiga värderingar gällande mångkulturalitet?

    Detta har undersökts genom en kvalitativ undersökning där fyra förskollärare, som är yrkesverksamma på mångkulturella områden, intervjuades. Den empiri som växte fram har analyserats med hjälp av tematisk analysmetod. Urie Bronfenbrenners (2005) ekologiska systemteori har tillfört perspektiv till studien. Även Jerome Bruners (2002) tankar om varför det är viktigt att ta del av människors berättelser, och synen på tolkandet av dem, har studien tagit stöd av. Gällande synen på kunskap och möten är studien inspirerad av socialkonstruktionistiska idéer.

    I studiens resultat framkommer att förskollärarna relaterar sitt engagemang till en samhälls- eller människosyn som de burit med sig sen unga år. De beskriver olika motiv till sitt val av arbetsplats, men en gemensam koppling till tanken allas lika värde syns. Vi kan i studiens resultat skönja att relationen mellan de privata värderingar och de yrkesmässiga beskrivs av förskollärarna som sammanflätade hos dem själva, men också en önskan om att hela arbetslaget ska vara eniga kring dessa värden. En nyfikenhet och ett intresse för olika kulturer, och viljan till att förstå och kunna relatera till människor beskrivs som drivkrafter i deras arbete. Känslan av att vara i rörelse och föränderlighet uttrycks även som en drivkraft i studiens resultat. Förskollärarna talar om flödet av möten med olika människor, prövandet av nya metoder och arbetssätt, men också omprövandet av sina egna normer och tankar som anledning till att stanna kvar på arbetsplatsen. 

  • 12976.
    Jakobsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Markus, Catarina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Lära genom portfolio - men vad?: En kvalitativ studie om några elevers lärande med portfolio som redskap och metod2008In: Forskande lärare i praktiken: Vol. 4, Jönköping: Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation , 2008, p. 9-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12977.
    Jakobsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Markus, Catarina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Lära genom portfolio-men vad?: En kvalitativ studie om några elevers lärande med portfolio som redskap och metod2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Högskolan i

    Jönköping

    Högskolan för

    lärande och kommunikation

    D-uppats

    Lärande 91-120 hp.

    Abstract

    Anna Jakobsson & Catarina Markus

    Lära genom portfolio – men vad?

    – En kvalitativ studie om några elevers lärande med portfolio som redskap och metod

    År: 2008 Antal sidor: 47

    I föreliggande studie är huvudsyftet att utveckla kunskap om elevers och pedagogers kvalitativt skilda uppfattningar av vilket lärande som elever utvecklar genom arbete med portfolio. I ett vidare syfte jämförs skillnader och likheter av uppfattningar.

    Bakgrunden sammanfattar kort vad portfolio kan innebära. Forskning kring reflektion, metakognition, värdering och bedömning kopplas som centrala element till portfolioarbetet.

    Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt är den fenomenografiska forskningsansatsen och som metod har använts en halvstrukturerad intervjuform. Undersökningsgruppen innefattar nio elever i år 5- 6, samt fem pedagoger.

    Resultatet visar på kvalitativa skillnader i uppfattningar av vilket lärande som utvecklas hos elever genom portfolioarbete. Detta redovisas i fem kategorier: att lära sig reflektera, att lära sig värdera, att lära sig ta ansvar, att lära sig strukturera och personlig utveckling. Skillnader och likheter i uppfattningar mellan elever och pedagoger, elever och elever samt pedagoger och pedagoger belyses i en avslutande jämförelse i resultatdelen.

    Diskussionen följer upp resultatet och tar i ett vidare perspektiv upp tankar kring bland annat reflektion och kunskapsvärdering. Vidare diskuteras förhållningssätt kontra metod, portfolions utformning och tidsaspekt. i förhållande till denna.

    Sökord: portfolio, reflektion, metakognition, värdering, bedömning

    Postadress:

    Högskolan för lärande och Kommunikation

    Gjuterigatan 5 Box 1026, 551 11 Jönköping

    Phone: 036-101000

  • 12978.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Cathrin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Löfgren, Mikael
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Rapportera mera!: En kvantitativ observationsstudie av följsamhet till SBAR vid muntlig överrapportering på akutmottagning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A structured bedside handover in healthcare is important for reduce care damage. Nurses have a considerable role in the interprofessional team current to increase patient safety. Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation (SBAR) is an instrument for bedside handovers and implemented in Sweden 2010. It is used in hospitals, mainly within emergency Care. Purpose:  Examine how to study the following of SBAR at the bedside handover between ambulance and nurse in the emergency care. Another purpose was to examine if, when and which disturbing factors had an impact in the bedside handover. Method:  The method was quantitative with empirical assaulted.  The material was collected through 53 observations in emergency care on a medium sized hospital in Sweden. The data were collected by two different observation-protocols during bedside handover, one aiming at SBAR and the other disturbing factors. The result was processed in SPSS statistics. Result The result is described in two categories, Category 1 SBAR, which illustrates compliance with SBAR and Category 2, which illustrates the occurrence of disturbing factors. The result showed that compliance with SBAR was largely missed and that interfering factors were frequent. Conclusion: SBAR where produced as a result of shortcomings during bedside handovers, despite that important information according to the patient safety is lost. This means that the SBAR card for emergency can be questioned when it comes to suitability for bedside handover between ambulance and emergency care.

  • 12979.
    Jakobsson, Catrin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Edvardsen, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Henriksson, Ola
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Foreign Exchange Risk Management Practices: A Study of Swedish Medium- and Large-sized Companies2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to describe which foreign exchange risk techniques that are used by medium- and large-sized Swedish companies within the Jönköping region, and how they as well as a bank evaluate the techniques in the current recession.

    Background: The reason why companies decide to expand their operations abroad is to take advantage from imperfections in other national markets. The fluctuations in currencies and exchange rates can have a huge effect on a company’s cash flows when doing business abroad. Therefore, when companies manage their foreign exchange risk, they have to be familiar with all the methods and tools available in order to pick the ones that best suit their needs.

    Method: We sent out a questionnaire and got it answered by eight companies within the Jönköping region regarding their strategy when managing foreign exchange risk. We have also interviewed a financial adviser, working at Handelsbanken, regarding the techniques offered to companies. A “foreign currency table” located in Linköping, was also contacted. They are in charge of creating recommendations and products sold by Handelsbanken.

    Conclusion: Hedging is the most frequently used tool by the companies in our study. Leading and lagging strategies are used quite often, while swaps and invoice currency is used less frequently by them. Exposure netting and cash pooling does not seem to be used at all. We believe that companies generally should seek more information on new techniques introduced in the market and be open to new possibilities and solutions for managing currency risk. Most of the companies in our sample, according to us, are too comfortable in their choice of techniques.

  • 12980.
    Jakobsson, Catrin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Henriksson, Ola
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Can money be made on Mondays?: An empirical investigation of the efficiency on the OMXS302010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate if abnormal patterns concerning the rates of return during specific weekdays and months are observable for the companies in the OMXS30 during the period 2003-2010. A special focus will be put on the Monday effect anomaly.

    Background: Investors have a tendency to search for investment opportunities. If errors exist in the pricing of stocks it indicates that anomalies are present and that the stock market is inefficient. Investors then have the possibility to utilize the anomalies in order to receive above average returns.

    Method: This study is using data of stock prices from Nasdaq OMX in the period of 2003-2010. The strength and existence of the Swedish stock market efficiency is measured through autocorrelation-, chi-square- and regression tests. Average monthly stock returns are calculated on daily-, monthly-, and yearly basis. The returns are compared in order to examine if day-of-the-week and turn-of-the-year anomalies exist.

    Conclusion: No Monday effect is found in 2003-2010. However, positive Thursday- and positive Friday effects are detected. A negative turn-of-the-year effect as well as a positive April effect is found. The investment opportunities that could be utilized in 2003-2010 due to the specific anomalies in the period do not necessarily imply that the same anomalies can be expected on the OMXS30 in the future.

  • 12981.
    Jakobsson, Christian
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    EFFEKTIVISERING AV INTERNA PROVFLÖDEN INOM LABORATORIEVERKSAMHETEN: EFFICIENCY OFF INTERNAL SAMPLEFLOWS IN LABORATORY OPERATIONS2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Laboratories in Sweden have a big challenge when Sweden is a wide country and big parts is sparsely populated and many samples have limited durability. At same time as laboratories is a sensitive branch with high demands on time and quality which makes a functional internal and external logistic important.

    Purpose: The purpose is to increase the understanding of internal sample flows for companies who works with sample analysis, by analyse sample flows in companies that is analysing samples, from a logistic perspective.

    To answer the purpose, two research questions are formulated:

    • ·        What limitations can be identified in internal sample flows from delivery to analyses done for companies working with analyses of samples?
    • ·        How can limitations in internal sample flows be handled from delivery to analyses done for companies working with analyses of samples?

    Method: A case study has been made on Eurofins laboratory in Lidköping where data has been collected by interview studies and observations.

    Result: By the logistic perspective several possibilities to increase the efficiency have been found. By logistic tools proposals have been made how those hindrances can be handled. Those possibilities to increase the efficiency is:

    • Consolidation activities
    • Failsafe
    • Standardizations
    • Overlook unload/loading of trucks
    • Make the sample flow even during the week

    Conclusions: In this study have the writer made several recommendations for companies that is working with analysing samples. But it is important to consider that those recommendations are case-specific, but if same conditions occur is the result possibly to generalize.

  • 12982.
    Jakobsson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Kortenius, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Företeelsen Barnahus: En intervjustudie om ett svenskt exempel på en organisation för barnets bästa2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis in social work aims to study the interaction between the different professionals and organisations in the swedish version of Childrens Advocacy Centers, Barnahus, and if it ever can clash between the different professions. If so, we authors would like to see if there could be any consequenses for the child.

    The empirical data were collected through five qualitative interviews with different professionals at the chosen Children Advocacy Center. Three of our informants were social workers, one worked as a police officer and the fifth informant worked as a prosecutor. We transcribed the material we recieved to analyze it based on a thematic analysis. We created four different themes based on the result we got: Focus on the childs best, interaction on Childrens Advocacy Center, Difficulties on Childrens Advocacy Center and Strain of the child. The result was later on interpreted and analyzed and discussed from a chosen theoretical point of view; institutional theory. This study shows that the professionals experience interaction as well functioning, but sometimes they collide at work when they have different tasks. Some of these crashes can cause problems for the child, one of these strains is that the child is blamed.

  • 12983.
    Jakobsson, Ilone
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Jonsson, Jennie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med diabetes typ 2: Personers upplevelse av egenvård - En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Diabetes typ 2 är ett globalt växande hälsoproblem och antalet diagnostiserade fortsätter att öka. Sjukdomen kräver ett stort engagemang från personen på grund av de nya livsstilsförändringarna. Egenvården är därför en betydelsefull del för att kunna hantera sjukdomen. Förutsättningen för en fungerande egenvård är att personen är välinformerad samt upplever stöd från sin familj och omgivning. Hälso- och sjukvården har en betydelsefull roll i att informera, motivera och stödja personen i livsstilsförändringarna.

    Syfte: Var att beskriva personers upplevelse av egenvårdsmöjligheter vid diabetes typ 2.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie baserad på 14 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar som analyserades utifrån Fribergs femstegsmodell. Ordet personer syftar på personer med diabetes typ 2.

    Resultat: Egenvårdshanteringen upplevdes som svår. Mat- och samhällskulturen sågs som ett hinder för att genomföra livsstilsförändringarna på grund av rädslan att hamna i utanförskap.  Stöd söktes från familj, religion eller samhället för att kunna hantera sjukdomen.

    Slutsats: Personen med diabetes typ 2 bär ansvaret att genomföra livsstilsförändringar. Motivationsfaktorer behövs för att personen ska kunna genomföra förändringarna.

  • 12984.
    Jakobsson, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Johansson, Lucas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Energieffektivisering av byggnader med kulturhistoriskt värde2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the work is to help municipalities continue to manage, operate and use old historic houses in the future.

    Method: The methods chosen to achieve the objective is document analysis, literature studies and case study.

    Findings: Culture heritage buildings needs to get more energy efficient, so they can be kept in use and existence. It is possible to implement energy efficiency measures without damaging the building's cultural value. Measures like window replacement, insulation and replacement of ventilation systems should be selected depending on the character of the house. Insulation and window replacement are effective measures to reduce the energy consumption of old historically important buildings, but often risk distorting the character of the building. Ventilation system replacement can involve minor changes to the building but is a relatively expensive investment.

    Implications: Changes in an existing building will always affect its construction, but it does not mean that the building's heritage value is distorted.

    Limitations: Calculations will only be performed for a reference object, library in Tidaholm. The calculated result will be specific for this building, since the outcome varies with buildings and their different characteristics. However, the solutions can be applied to multiple objects. There are several energy efficiency measures, but this report will only involve insulation, window replacement and ventilation changes.

    Keywords: Energy efficiency, historically important buildings, heat exchanger, building regulations, ventilation.

  • 12985.
    Jakobsson, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Analys av verkstadsplaneringen: på Fläkt Woods i Jönköping2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is finishing part of the two-year master programme in Industrial Engineering and Management.

    Initially there was an inquiry of studying the queue-times that Fläkt Woods uses when they break down internal working orders. These times were assumed to be too generalised and does not apply to the actual value of the queue-times which generates incorrect data and delivery delays. During the work of this paper it has been established that it is not the queue-times that is the biggest problem. The problem is the shop floor control and the lack of manufacturing the right products at the right time. Therefore an analysis of the production planning process was made to bring forward the real problems. The purpose of this paper is to work out a decision basis how Fläkt Woods should plan their production in order to increase the internal and external delivery precision.

    The result of the analysed times and delivery precisions shows that the actual queue-times in many cases exceeds the planned queue-time. The actual delivery precision is below the target value in all the cases. The identified problems are in the first place that it is too much focus on the next few hours and that there is a sub optimization for the different production groups.

    A new planning system is suggested where focus is on the coming time periods and what is manufactured in a production group is based on the actual need. This is done by using individual dispatch lists for the different production groups. The dispatch lists is based on the actual need in the following group and there should be a capacity limit in order to reduce the risk of overbooking the production. In the end this system will provide a manufacturing order based on the actual need in the final assembly groups. The work of the production planner will focus on planning the coming production for the final assembly groups. In the future the system might be transferred to the suppliers in order to get the right products at the right time.

  • 12986.
    Jakobsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Svärd, Jennie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Utomhuspedagogik som arbetsmetod: i matematikundervisning för elever i årskurs 4-62018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med litteraturstudien var att utifrån ämnesdidaktisk forskning i matematik belysa hur utomhuspedagogik som arbetsmetod kan påverka elevers lärande i matematik i årskurs 4–6. Avsikten var att kartlägga hur utomhuspedagogik kan bidra till elevers lärande, vilka förmågor elever kan utveckla i matematik med hjälp av arbetsmetoden samt vilka hinder som kan påverka användningen av utomhuspedagogik i matematikundervisningen. Vidare var avsikten att genomföra en litteraturanalys över likheter och skillnader mellan de inkluderade vetenskapliga texterna. De bestod av två forskningsrapporter och flertalet tidskriftsartiklar, vilka resultatet grundades på. När litteraturanalysen var genomförd föll innehållet ut i kategorierna: matematik utomhus, kombinera utomhusmiljön med inomhusmiljön, elevers lust till att lära, utomhuspedagogikens inverkan på minnet och hinder med arbetsmetoden. Resultat som beskrivs i forskningen beträffande elevers lärande i matematik visar att utomhuspedagogik som arbetsmetod i kombination med traditionell klassrumsundervisning kan stärka elevers begrepps- och kommunikationsförmåga. Variationen av undervisning utomhus och inomhus synliggör även matematikämnets roll i vardagen för elever. Resultatet visar även på positiva effekter gällande elevers minne, motivation, lust till att lära och kognitiva förmåga. I resultatet beskrivs även att väder, ljudnivå, tid, lärares oro och självförtroende kan utgöra hinder för användande av utomhuspedagogik som arbetsmetod i matematikundervisning. Slutsatsen utifrån litteraturstudiens resultat är att utomhuspedagogik i kombination med traditionell klassrumsundervisning påverkar och motiverar elevers matematiklärande positivt.

  • 12987.
    Jakobsson, Kim
    et al.
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Klavebäck, Sofia
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nehm, Tobias
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Responsible Quality at Casall: Evaluating Corporate Social Responsibility Projects2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Much research has been conducted within Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), and it is currently a highly debated topic. Today, CSR is not only pursued in response to public pressure, but is also seen as a source of competitive advantage and differentiation. The problem that this thesis deals with is that many SMEs do not use CSR as a proactive competitive tool in a strategic manner. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to develop an evaluation framework for SME‟s CSR projects, and to use this framework to analyze Casall‟s CSR projects in order to provide recommendations for Casall regarding strategic CSR.

    CSR as a concept is first discussed with the use of previous literature. This leads to the development of an evaluation framework for SME‟s CSR projects. The methodology is carefully considered, and a qualitative case study is chosen to be conducted at Casall.

    The results and analysis are presented in accordance with the theoretical framework and method. An in-depth analysis is conducted with the help of the evaluation framework. This leads to recommendations on Casall‟s existing and future engagement in CSR projects. The five recommendations are to simplify the guidelines for producers, adapt the guidelines for producers, get engaged in the local community, implement an internal code of conduct, and raise customer awareness of their engagement in CSR.

    This thesis contributes to the academic society by combining theories into a practical framework for evaluating SMEs‟ CSR projects. More specifically, the framework is used to guide Casall in their future CSR involvement. The framework can also be useful for other SMEs to evaluate and integrate suitable CSR projects into corporate strategy. 

  • 12988.
    Jakobsson, Madelene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Aspegren, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    EFFEKTIVISERING AV MATERIALHANTERING MELLAN FÖRRÅD OCH MONTERINGSLINA2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This study aims to contribute to knowledge about a more efficient material handling. The following questions are formed to fulfill the purpose of this study.  1. What wastes can be identified in the material handling between storage room and assembly line?  2. In which way can these wastes be reduced?  Methodology - To fulfill the purpose of this study a case study was performed at a company in the manufacturing industry. At the same time a literature study was performed with topics about material handling and Lean Production. The data that was collected was analyzed according to the theoretical framework, this work led to the result of this study.  Findings - Wastes was the main cause to an inefficient material handling and six wastes of Liker and Meier (2006) eight wastes have been identified. After the wastes had been identified, proposals of improvements for the wastes are given. The recommended improvements for a more efficient material handling include a better division of operations, like implementation of kanban and dimensions of cargo carriers. Unnecessary stock was one of the biggest wastes that were identified and the stock levels should therefore be reduced. By using these improvements the material handling has potential to be more efficient.  Implications - This study have proposal of improvements about how a company can create a more efficient material handling. For a company that wants to achieve an efficient material handling, it is necessary to identify the wastes that have the biggest impact on the efficiency.  Research limitations - This case study have been a single case study with one analysis unit. The boundaries of this study are limited to wastes that emerge between storage room and assembly line. This leads to that the proposals about efficiency are limited within these boundaries. 

  • 12989.
    Jakobsson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ström, Liza
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vuxnas upplevelser av att leva med hemodialys: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: For a person who’s suffering from chronic renal failure, are dialysis or kidney transplant the only option for survival. The well-being can be affected by the life adjustment that is required of the patient. Treatment with hemodialysis is time-consuming and stressful as it involves limitations in daily life.

    Aim: To describe the experiences of living with hemodialysis.

    Method: Literature review with an integrated analysis based on 10 scientific articles.

    Results: The results are described in two categories; Well-being that describe the positive aspects which patients experienced in daily life and the importance of support from family and friends. Malaise that describes the limitations and restrictions that patients experienced in daily life and the impact on daily activities that arose in connection with the treatment. Well-being contains two subcategories and malaise contains four subcategories.

    Conclusions: The well-being impacted the patients. Support from family and friends as well as from health professionals were considered as valuable. Recurring factors considered stressful was the feeling of constant thirst and difficulty of living as desired.

  • 12990.
    Jakobsson, Marcus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ekonomiska effekter av automatiserad driftsättning i äldre förvaltningsprojekt: En studie för att motivera vilka ekonomiska effekter ett införande av CI eller CD har för äldre förvaltningsprojekt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is becoming increasingly important how IT projects handle production sets in order to ensure flawless deliveries and quickly satisfy customers and users with new qualityassured functionality. For newly started projects, it is a natural part to build a delivery structure around a Continuous Integration or Continuous Delivery workflow that are methods for automating and contributing to this. But for a management project that has been going on for several years without having adopted automated methods, it is not certain that it is just as economically justified from the customer's perspective. The purpose of the thesis project is to contribute with knowledge in automatic commissioning as older management projects can take part in to better understand whether there is an economic motivation to implement an automatic commissioning tool and a CI / CD method of operation. The knowledge can be used to better motivate a management group that annually bases the management project's budget to invest in an automated deployment flow. Based on the purpose, four questions were formed that have been answered by developing an automated commissioning tool and comparing it with the manual methods that a management project uses. The methods were evaluated by experiment and analysed by T-test to investigate the time efficiency of the tool and ROI analysis to assess whether the tool is a profitable investment. The result of the study indicates that an automatic tool is more time-efficient, but that the development time for developing the tool represents a higher cost than the time savings. This means that the management project on which the tool was applied would have a negative return of - 6% based on one year. Instead, the thesis highlights other positive consequences that should be emphasized by introducing automatic commissioning. The work responds to the purpose by clarifying how the two flows look from a developer perspective and presenting cost-related effects that the automatic tool constitutes compared to manual methods. The results of the study contribute to increase knowledge in automatic deployments and its effects on older management projects using manual methods.

  • 12991.
    Jakobsson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Ringström, Carl
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Hopfällbar hjullösning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In many products a compromise between ground clearance and the required space to store the product has to be made. This problem attracted the attention of the authors of this thesis.The objective of this project is to develop a functioning solution to a foldable wheel. The solution should be applicable to several types of product groups. A limitation for this work has been made so that the work only covers solutions for lighter vehicles.The purpose is to drive this project forward, so that a solution can be found. Furthermore the purpose of the report is to clarify how the authors proceeded to design and construct the wheel according to a fixed specification. The authors of this project also wishes to develop their knowledge within the field of product development.Set-Based Concurrent Engineering (SBCE) has been used as the underlying method on which this work was based. The work started with a preliminary study. Relevant specifications was established using the results from the study. The specifications was given a rang by the use of pairwise weighting, then a QFD was made using said requirements.The wheel was divided into three different areas. Solutions was developed to problems within each area, independently of one another. The project underwent three concept stages and three screening stages. During the third screening a final concept was chosen for further development.Strength simulations was performed in Solid Works, by using the results from the simulations adjustments to the design could be made.The authors succeeded in developing a wheel capable of a volume reduction by 70 %. When the wheel is dimensioned to fit an ordinary bike it weighs about 2.5kg and can take a radial load of over 1 000N. The final concept is called Arcas and is made up of four sections of a specially developed flexible arc-solution. The arc-solution enables the wheels curved surfaces to be straightened out when the wheel is about be stored.The authors consider that they have developed the knowledge in product development and also improved their ability to handle loose defined projects. It should be possible to further reduce the volume up to levels around 80 %. A detailed FEM analysis of the components should be of use.

  • 12992.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Googleplex and informational culture2010In: Media houses: architecture, media and the production of centrality / [ed] Staffan Ericson, Kristina Riegert, New York: Peter Lang , 2010, p. 113-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12993.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Pirates of Silicon Valley: State of exception and dispossession in Web 2.02010In: First Monday, ISSN 1396-0466, E-ISSN 1396-0466, Vol. 15, no 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates a paradox in the reception of Web 2.0. While some of its services are seen as creators of a new informational economy and are hence publicly legitimized, other features are increasingly under surveillance and policed, although in reality the differences between these services is far from obvious. Our thesis is that we are currently experiencing a temporary postponement of the law, in the context of Web 2.0. Agamben’s work on the state of exception is here used to theorize the informational economy as an ongoing dispossession, under the guise of ‘networked production’. This dispossession is seen as a parallel to the concept of ‘primitive accumulation’, as a means of moving things from the exterior to the interior of the capitalist economy. This theory lets us problematize the concept of free labor, the metaphor of the enclosure, and puts into question the dichotomy between copyright and cultural commons.

  • 12994.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Reinforcing Property by Strengthening the Commons: A New Media Policy Paradigm?2012In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 49-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In much scholarly writing and in many leftist and activist accounts the enclosures of the cultural commons have been fiercely critiqued. However, during the last years, new media business models, that challenge the notion of the cultural industries as “copyright industries”, has been taking shape. A new class of entrepreneurs is instead working to expand the commons as part of their businesses. Accordingly, representatives from these new media industries, policy makers, and politicians have joined the academic and political critique of the “enclosures of the cultural common”. The paper argues that this is a shift within the dominant media policy paradigm and an attempt to integrate existing practices on the Internet, based on cooperation and sharing, into the market. By relocating the struggle from “intellectual property” to “platform economics”, the media industry can exploit the productivity of the commons while holding on to the power that comes with ownership and property.

  • 12995.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The politics of organizing information on the web: computing centres and natural languages2009In: Storage and transmission, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12996.
    Jakobsson, Sebastian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lagerwall, Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Can Insiders follow outsiders to beat the market?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12997.
    Jakobsson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Slutet gott, allting gott?: Ett förbättringsarbete och en fallstudie om smärtskattning av patienter i livets slutskede på en akutsjukvårdsavdelning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: En utmaning inom akutsjukvården är att uppmärksamma svårt sjuka patienter med allvarliga sjukdomar, framförallt när det huvudsakliga målet med vården ändras från att vara livsförlängande till att vara lindrande. Smärta är vanligt hos patienter med långvariga sjukdomar särskilt i livets slutskede.  Att inte uppmärksamma patientens symtom kan innebära att risk att utsättas för onödigt lidande. Systematiska bedömningar och skattningar är enkla åtgärder för att uppmärksamma patientens behov.

    Syfte med förbättringsarbetet: att förbättra omhändertagandet av patienter i livets slutskede genom att förbättra upptäckten av och förebygga smärta.

    Syftet med studie av förbättringsarbetet: att beskriva och analysera medarbetares gemensamma erfarenheter av förbättringsarbetet.

    Metod: Förbättringsarbetet genomfördes med stöd av Nolans förbättringsmodell. För att studera förbättringsarbetet genomfördes en fallstudie med fokusgruppsintervjuer som analyserades.

    Resultat: Förbättringsarbetet resulterade i en ökning av patienter som smärtskattades med validerad smärtskattningsskala under sin sista tid i livet. Studien av förbättringsarbetet sammanfattades i temat ”Att balansera vardagens villkor för att skapa lärande och utveckling”.

    Diskussion: Vardagens villkor har stor betydelse för hur medarbetare upplever möjligheten att genomföra ett förbättringsarbete på avdelningen. Att ta vara på medarbetare vilja att förbättra vården och skapa förutsättningar för delaktighet kan bidra till mätbara resultat.

  • 12998. Jaksch, S
    et al.
    Pfennigschmidt, S
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Thiel, C
    Information Logistic Applications for Information-on-Demand Scenarios: Concepts and Experiences from WIND Project2003In: Proceedings, 29th EUROMICRO conference: Belek-Antalya, Turkey, September 1st to 6th, 2003, Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society , 2003, p. 141-147Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12999.
    Jakupovic, Jasmin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics.
    Educated to Learn: How to enhance the education of computer science and informatics2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The very nature of computer science with its constant changes forces those who wish to follow to adapt and react quickly. Large companies invest in being up to date in order to generate revenue and stay active on the market. Universities, on the other hand, need to imply same practices of staying up to date with industry needs in order to produce industry ready engineers. By interviewing former students, now engineers in the industry, and current university staff this thesis aims to learn if there is space for enhancing the education through different lecturing approaches and/or curriculum adaptation and development.

    In order to address these concerns a qualitative research has been conducted, focusing on data collection obtained through semi-structured live world interviews. The method used follows the seven stages of research interviewing introduced by Kvale and focuses on collecting and preparing relevant data for analysis. The collected data is transcribed, refined, and further on analyzed in the “Findings and analysis” chapter. The focus of analyzing was answering the three research questions; learning how higher education impacts a Computer Science and Informatics Engineers’ job, how to better undergo the transition from studies to working in the industry and how to develop a curriculum that helps support the previous two. Unaltered quoted extracts are presented and individually analyzed. To paint a better picture a theme-wise analysis is presented summing valuable themes that were repeated throughout the interviewing phase.

    The findings obtained imply that there are several factors directly influencing the quality of education. From the student side, it mostly concerns expectation and dedication involving studies, and from the university side it is commitment to the curriculum development process. Due to the time and resource limitations this research provides findings conducted on a narrowed scope, although it can serve as a great foundation for further development; possibly as a PhD research.

  • 13000.
    Jalal, Buwar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Kourie, Kima
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    En utredning av skyddsombudsroll - Varför är det svårt att rekrytera ett skyddsombud på en byggarbetsplats?2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The construction industry suffers from major problems concerning the recruitment of a safety officers at a construction site. The thesis project investigates why it is difficult to recruit a safety officers at a construction site? The thesis project will also investigate the safety officers ' personal aspect in terms of commitment, behavior, treatment, response, time and security thinking priority. Furthermore, it is analyzed what measures are required for the safety officers position to improve.

    The aim of the thesis project was to investigate why it is difficult to recruit a safety officers on a construction site and be able to clarify the problem. The aim of the goal was also to investigate the difficulties that exist in the role.

                                                                                                                                                   Method: During the work, a structured literature search and interviews are conducted as examination methods. The interviews were designed qualitatively and were semi structured. The interviews were conducted with the main and local safety officers.

    Findings: Some factors that stand out why it is difficult to recruit safety officers at construction sites are that the majority of workers do not have the commitment to the service. It is based on the fact that they do not want more tasks that entail a great responsibility and take time to perform. Future safety officers are afraid that they will not be heard by other workers. Some are confronted with fear of ending up in dialogue where they need to take a discussion and point out unsafe behaviors in the workplace. Safety officers who do not receive the time required to carry out the safety work carry out the safety work in a rapid manner. This can lead to serious accidents.

    Implications: In order for the safety officer’s position to be better at present with regard to the problems that are present, a number of factors should be fulfilled. The safety officers should receive more attention and acceptance from other groups. The subcontractors should be trained more inwardly about the risks that exist on a construction site. The safety officers have the right to take the time required to carry out their assignments and this should the work management clearly clarify. The company should talk positively about the safety role. Safety officers should be connected to an early stage in the project for more participation. Safety officers should be paid for their service.

    Limitations: The thesis delimitation is only to investigate the role of the safety officer at three construction sites. The work was limited to the main safety officer and local safety officers. The degree project was limited and for this reason subcontractors and management are excluded.

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