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  • 12951.
    Johansson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Brandt, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Are ethical mutual funds safer than conventional mutual funds in the European market?: A matched pair analysis of the risk in ethical mutual funds based on three GARCH models´estimates from a five factor model2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ethical investing is growing in importance due to investors’ concern with environmental and social issues. However, there is difference of opinion regarding the extent to which the limited investment universe affects the financial return of ethical investments. Recent empirical findings suggest that while there is no statistically significant difference in the returns of ethical and conventional funds, ethical funds tend to be less risky due to having better managed firms in the portfolio. More nuanced conclusions are drawn by Nofsinger and Varma (2014) who provide evidence that US ethical mutual funds outperform conventional funds in times of crisis at the cost of underperformance in non-crisis times, indicating that ethical funds are “safer” investments.

    Purpose: This thesis builds on the latter findings, focusing on the European market instead. Its purpose is to examine whether European ethical mutual funds are safer than European conventional mutual funds in times of crisis and non-crisis. An analysis of the ethical funds’ screening-styles, returns and risk factor loadings will be performed to explain their volatility relative to conventional funds. The empirical investigation is based on a matched pair analysis of 33 European ethical mutual funds and 33 European conventional mutual funds with a European investment universe between 01-2005 and 01-2015.

    Method: Volatility in the funds’ returns is estimated econometrically by means of three types of GARCH models (GARCH, TGARCH and EGARCH). To explain volatility differences, we moreover calculate the funds’ risk factor loadings from a five factor model. In addition, we test to what degree the variance in the ethical funds’ returns is influenced by screening techniques, and whether there are any significant differences regarding the techniques being applied.

    Conclusion: Basedonthevariance,weobservethatethicalfundshavealowermeanreversionfroma shock and greater exposure in the volatility to certain market news. We moreover show that they are less exposed to systematic market risk and small firms. During the crisis we find that ethical funds react more to certain market news but less exposed to the systematic market risk. The empirical results also suggest an overperformance of ethical funds in times of crisis at the expense of underperformance in times of non-crisis, indicating support for Nofsinger and Varma’s (2014) conclusion. The PRO/ESG screen exhibits an asymmetric return while the Best-in-Class approach has the highest return and lowest variance. 

  • 12952. Johansson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Brandt, Mattias
    Are ethical mutual funds safer than conventional mutual funds in the European market?: A matched pair analysis of the risk in ethical mutual funds based on three GARCH models´estimates from a five factor model2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12953.
    Johansson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School age educare.
    Forsander, Anton
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School age educare.
    Hur beskriver fritidshemslärare tillkomsten av del fyra som en egen del i läroplanen?2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Anton Forsander & Christoffer Johansson

    Hur beskriver fritidshemslärare tillkomsten av del fyra som en egen del i läroplanen?

    Engelsk titel: Perceptions of school-age educare teachers on chapter four in the school-age educare curriculum

    Antal sidor: 27

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka om del fyra i läroplanen, som är tillskriven fritidshemmet, förtydligar fritidshemslärarens yrkesuppdrag samt hur uppfattningarna av yrkesrollen skiljer sig mellan olika fritidshemslärare. Studiens frågeställningar är följande:

    • Hur beskriver fritidshemslärare sitt uppdrag med utgångspunkt i del fyra av läroplanen?
    • Hur beskriver fritidshemslärare implementeringen av del fyra i läroplanen?

    För att få svar på dessa frågor genomfördes sex stycken intervjuer med fritidshemslärare vid olika skolor inom ett avgränsat geografiskt område.

    Genom att del fyra tillkommit som en egen del i läroplanen har uppdraget för fritidshemslärare förtydligats och delvis förändrat uppfattningen av densamma. Dock framgår det av resultatet att det fortsatt finns ett stort behov av att förtydliga yrkesuppdraget för andra än fritidshemlärare.

    Implementeringen av del fyra i läroplanen har till största del upplevts som positivt. Fritidshemslärarna själva har länge kämpat för en egen del i läroplanen och uttrycker sig därför positivt till detta. Dock har det framgått att implementeringsarbetet varierat mellan de olika skolorna som deltagit i studien.

    Då forskning inom området rörande implementering av läroplaner samt hur det berör fritidshemsverksamheten är detta ett område som fortsatt är i stort behov av vidare forskning, samt att denna forskning efterfrågas.

  • 12954.
    Johansson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Gustavsson, Michael
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Produktivitet i robotcell2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report describes the process of identifying the interference that exists in a newly installed automated robotic cell and suggest improvements to increase productivity. The cell is used for lifting up extruded aluminum sections onto a conveyor which deliver the material to a anodising line at a company that manufactures aluminum extrusions.

    To find the areas with the best possibility for improvements in the cell we used a variety of job measurements e.g. measure of standard times for each operation in the cell. The core of the report is a study of the robots.

    One reason for this study is that the robots do not reach the productivity they were purchased to. The main cause not reaching the productivity is the visionsystem. The results that emerged from the robotics study also showed that there were a number of problems in the cell that could be addressed. The study also revealed a number of other reasons why the cell could not achieve the desired production rate for example set-up times and drop spacers. The measurement of default times for each operation in the cell showed that a major reason why the robots did not work was that they had to wait for the trolley to run and leave empty baskets.

    The time studies work resulted in a number of different proposals for how the problems which appeared could be solved. To reduce the time it takes for the wagon to drive out empty basket we engineered a solution that uses chain conveyors to move the empty basket out off the workstation. By implementing this solution the wagon does not need to drive back and forth and thus we expect that the robot driving time could be reduced to half. Through the robot study and time studies we conclude that it is possible to switch between manual/auto in less than one minute. This is not possible unless routines are constructed for the operators. If these changes are implemented they would reduce the large amount of set-up time identified.

  • 12955.
    Johansson, Christopher
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Ingvarsson, Carl-Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Spak, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Entry Mode Strategies for ire in to the Polish Market: A Case Study of ire Möbel AB2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today’s business environment it is important to find new customers. An action that has been widely used is to enter foreign

    markets. Most firms are always seeking to maximize their profits,

    which can be achieved if an entry into a foreign market is performed.

    Due the European Union (EU), new economies open their

    borders for international trade and foreign investments. In 2004 Poland received membership. Even though Poland may be a country

    with potentials, there are aspects that the firm has to take into consideration in a potential market entry. Among these are market related and firm related factors.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the important factors related to the firm and the market in order to present feasible entry mode(s) which ire can use in a potential entry into the Polish market.

    Method: The authors have conducted a case study of ire Möbel AB. A qualitative method approach has been used to fulfill the purpose of the thesis. Semi-structured telephone interviews have been used for the empirical findings. The authors want to attain convincing and in

    depth information in the field of interest, therefore three firm related interviews and three market related interviews have been

    conducted to obtain valid and reliable empirical results.

    Conclusion: The case study has led to conclusions on how ire could enter the polish market. ire’s needs and resources have been compared

    to the Polish market factors and analyzed for pros and cons.

    The mode that is currently used on ire’s other markets, exporting, is

    working very well. Equity joint ventures have a three year tax relief

    but are still considered a quite expensive mode of entry. Other entry

    modes could be successful, but ire’s size and resources limits

    the modes available. The thesis has come to the conclusion that

    exporting and/or equity joint ventures are the modes of entry most

    appropriate for ire.

  • 12956.
    Johansson, Christopher
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Ingvarsson, Carl-Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Spak, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Entry Mode Strategies for ire into the Polish Market: A Case Study of ire Möbel AB2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today’s business environment it is important to find new customers. An action that has been widely used is to enter foreign markets. Most firms are always seeking to maximize their profits, which can be achieved if an entry into a foreign market is performed. Due the European Union (EU), new economies open their borders for international trade and foreign investments. In 2004 Poland received membership. Even though Poland may be a country with potentials, there are aspects that the firm has to take into consideration in a potential market entry. Among these are market related and firm related factors.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the important factors related to the firm and the market in order to present feasible entry mode(s) which ire can use in a potential entry into the Polish market.

    Method: The authors have conducted a case study of ire Möbel AB. A qualitative method approach has been used to fulfill the purpose of the thesis. Semi-structured telephone interviews have been used for the empirical findings. The authors want to attain convincing and in depth information in the field of interest, therefore three firm related interviews and three market related interviews have been conducted to obtain valid and reliable empirical results.

    Conclusion: The case study has led to conclusions on how ire could enter the polish market. ire’s needs and resources have been compared to the Polish market factors and analyzed for pros and cons. The mode that is currently used on ire’s other markets, exporting, is working very well. Equity joint ventures have a three year tax relief but are still considered a quite expensive mode of entry. Other entry modes could be successful, but ire’s size and resources limits the modes available. The thesis has come to the conclusion that exporting and/or equity joint ventures are the modes of entry most appropriate for ire.

  • 12957.
    Johansson, Dana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Lindholm, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vad styr lärarnas val av skönlitteratur på gymnasieskolan?: Hur skulle lärarna påverkas och skulle deras yrkesutövning förändras av en litterär kanon?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en undersökning angående de faktorer som styr lärarnas val av skönlitteratur på gymnasiet samt hur ett införande av en litterär kanon skulle påverka deras yrkesutövning. Syftet med uppsatsen är att se hur gymnasielärare kopplar sina val av skönlitteratur till styrdokumenten samt hur de resonerar kring ett införande av en litterär kanon. En kvalitativ undersökning har gjorts genom intervjuer med fem lärare på en gymnasieskola i södra Sverige. Utgångspunkt för uppsatsen är följande frågeställningar: Vad styr lärarnas val av skönlitteratur inom svenskundervisningen på gymnasiet och hur motiverar lärarna sitt val? Finns det likheter eller skillnader beroende på program, lärare och elevunderlag, vilka är de i så fall och hur märks de? Hur anser svensklärarna att ett eventuellt införande av en nationell kanon skulle påverka deras och elevernas förutsättningar?

    Resultatet visar att styrdokumenten inte är en av lärarnas huvudsakliga motiveringar. Det som istället angavs som motivering var externa faktorer såsom tillgång och ekonomi tillsammans med tidigare erfarenheter av olika verk. Det existerar en väsentlig skillnad beroende på program, lärare och elevunderlag i både inställning och utförande. Då skolan redan har en inofficiell kanon skulle ett införande av en nationell litterär kanon förmodligen bekräfta de redan valda verken och författarna, något som skapar blandade känslor hos respondenterna.

  • 12958.
    Johansson, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Bengtsson, Nicklas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    The silence at trade shows:: A case study at Hannover Messe2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the non-verbal communication such as the body language in the context of a trade show. The non-verbal communication is one of the primary conveyors of messages and trade shows are one of the major channels were firms attract new customers. However the combination of trade shows and non-verbal communication is overlooked.

    The method consists of interviews with visitors and observations of the booths and the visitors. The setting was chosen as the annual Hannover Messe were five booths of Swedish firms were studied.

    The result indicates that firms can further improve their body language. Suggested improvements involve to not having the sales representative work in the booth. This is remarked as a taboo by authors within the area; still this action commonly occurs.  The booth design plays a prominent role in the visitor interactions so does the staffing.

    The way to approach a visitor is not differing much between the booths in the study however there are three possible ways to physically approach visitors as a sales representative. The best way has not been established and the visitor interviews gave a mixed result regarding this matter.

    Although the best way is not found all observed booths missed out on dialogs with prospective customers much due to that full attention was not directed towards the visitors. The authors want to emphasis on the adaptation towards visitor as an important pawn in the exhibiting, some sales representatives automatically does this.

  • 12959.
    Johansson, Deborah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lundberg, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Assurance Process of GRI Sustainability Reports: ­Influence on Accountability and Transparency2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability reporting aims to inform stakeholders of the companies’ activities within environmental, social and economic issues. The reporting is a tool to increase transparency and it shows the company’s effort to take responsibility and account for its actions. Assurance of sustainability reports is an increasing trend that strengthens the credibility of the reports. There is a risk, however, of management taking control over the assurance process. In order to improve the quality of the sustainability report and its usefulness for the stakeholders, reporting and assurance standards have evolved. The purpose of the study is to describe and analyse the assurance statements of sustainability reports of public listed companies in Sweden. The findings allow the evaluation of how the assurance process influences accountability and transparency. The study is a content analysis of eleven assurance statements from 2010. The findings are categorized and analysed by assurance provider: accountants and consultants.

    The difference between the assurance statements were mainly due to the assurance standard used. The assurance statements provided by the consultants were more descriptive and stakeholder oriented compared to the accountants. We highlight the importance of the assurance process’ usefulness and discuss the limited level of assurance applied in the engagements. We argue that, an open and standardized assurance process increases transparency that enables stakeholders to make own judgements whether the company takes responsibility and accounts for its actions. Transparency also creates incentives for the reporting company to be accountable. To increase transparency and accountability, it is essential to involve stakeholders in the assurance process.

  • 12960.
    Johansson, Elias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Kamenjas, Kenan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Management of industrialization projects2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Short time-to-market is a key success factor in the todays’ dynamic business environment and many companies are trying to improve their product development processes. A challenge is to develop products according to the time plan and at the same time keeping the cost low and the quality high. This study focuses on the project management within the product development process in an automotive industry. The background of this study started as a request from the research and development department at the automotive company, which led to the following questions; 1) what are the most crucial factors for project success? 2) How can these factors contribute to a more successful outcome? 3) How can project management decrease product development lead time by sharing knowledge? The research approach is a case study and the data collection consist of interviews and questioners at two companies connected to project management in product development projects. Spider charts are created from the collected data containing eleven dimensions to show similarities and differences between the project managers working within the research and development department as well as between the two companies. The main conclusions are that there is a need to allow a certain level of flexibility when managing projects, in order to more easily handle late changes. Being involved in a project from the concept phase could facilitate the product development activities later on, due to a deeper understanding regarding previous decisions. Further, knowledge sharing methods, such as databases, has to be designed to be suitable for a specific organization and user friendly which enables the users to more easily search for specific types of knowledge. Lastly, a low level on the detailed focus is shown to be another success factor, however, in some cases there is still a need of this detailed focus to solve specific problems but the details may never become a higher focus than the holistic view.

  • 12961.
    Johansson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Affärsman och tv-kändis blev president: En kvalitativ studie av Donald Trumps användande av retorik under valkampanjen 20162018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Donald Trump, wellknown businessman, tv-host and nowadays the 45th president of The United States. How did a man without earlier political position convince a whole country that he had what it takes to rule it? This study will find out what rhetorical concepts Trump has used during his election and what effect it has given.

    With a qualitative study and a rhetorical analysis the speech made by Donald Trump during the Republican National Convention 2016 was examined. The rhetorical theory is used through different forms such as ethos, pathos, logos, word figures and thought figures as well as tropes. An analysis of his use if rhetoric and communication theories has been made to get an as clear picture as possible of how Trump affected his voters.

    By using both video format and a transcript of the chosen speech it can be concluded that Trump indeed was a skilled speaker during the chosen speech, which led to many people standing on his side. He acts like a politician should and is clear on what he wants to change and what will happen once he becomes president. Rhetoric is an important part of politics and should be used properly to reach out to as many supporters as possible. Trump has learned from earlier politicians how important rhetoric is and now he can be seen using it himself to win the presidental election, despite his lack of previous political activity and experience that his opponent possesses.

    Trump had through this analysis proven to be a great speaker and knowledgeble within the rhetorical field. He barely speaks a single sentence without any rhetorical concept and early on, the rhetorical impact on his voters can be understood. He follows different presidential structures and uses the communication theories which are presented. Trump wants to be a man for the people and succeeds to convince with arguments filled with ethos, pathos, logos as well as a comfortable usage of figures and tropes. His performance is as a presidents should be.

  • 12962.
    Johansson, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Bild, Jonna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Information på neonatalvårdsavdelning: Föräldrars upplevelser2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Inadequate information from health professionals to parents is an issue in the Swedish paediatric care today. Paediatric nurses have an important role in making parents more involved in their child's care. Promoting co-care, communication and information is essential, which can be possible when nurses are working together with other health professionals and the child's parents.

    PURPOSE: To explore parents' experiences of information given to them at a neonatal care unit.

    METHOD: This studies design is qualitative explorative and based on survey's collected from two different neonatal care units in Sweden. The material was analysed according to a content analysis based on codes, meaningful units and categories.

    RESULT: Parents' needs of information varies depending on the situation and their emotional condition. The way health professionals communicate affects the information given to the parents. Adherence, continuity and honesty were elements parents found essential to be able to understand and process the information that was given at the neonatal care unit.

    CONCLUSION: The paediatric nurse's knowledge can help and calm parents by informing them about what is happening and why. It is important that as a health professionals use a language that the parents understand and give information continuously. The parents' also find it meaningful to get information from the paediatric nurse regarding details about nursing and routines on the ward.

  • 12963.
    Johansson, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Humble, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hur kvalitetsstyrning kan förebygga avvikelser i en terminalprocess.2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In todays competitive business climate the concept of “quality management” is a significant part of daily work for many companies, as they want to achieve high performance quality and delivery success. Within the services sector third-party logistics companies play an increasingly central role when it comes to the goods that are being transported. These companies are presented with continuous challenges to ensure that goods are loaded on trucks efficiently and delivered on time, at the right place and in the right condition. The present case study was conducted in collaboration with Schenker AB and Schenker Åkeri in Jönköping, to help these two company branches serving under the same major corporation to solve a common problem they both encounter, namely the fact that it regularly occurs handling abnormalities in the terminal process that affects overall quality for customers.

    The study aims to find out how the daily quality control concerning the handling of goods in the terminal process can be improved hopefully resulting in a higher quality in cargo shipments. The aim of the study was approached by trying to answer the following two questions:

    1. What are the causes of management deviations in the terminal process and how can these be grouped into different classes?
    2. How can quality control be changed to prevent these handling deviations?

    The approach has consisted of a parallel collection of data and theory in order to continuously relate data and theory to find a coherent context for the problems that these branches are facing. Primary data has been obtained through observations and interviews from both branches. Secondary data was collected through a survey conducted by Schenker Åkeri regarding information flow in the present situation and the desired position of drivers. The results of the inquiry have shown that most of the deviations in the terminal process occur when the operator performs a task incorrectly, also known as handling errors. Furthermore, the study has shown that the information given regarding certain operations has been inadequate and not sufficiently clear, thus this has shown to be one of the reasons that handling errors occur. As a result, the framework for all proposed meetings was prepared with guidelines regarding what the meeting should include for the respective departments, as well as important advice to remember while performing a lean meeting.

    To correct and avoid handling errors that occur on an operational level, it is recommended the information architecture be improved. Thus, this was elaborated in the form of regular meetings based on the Lean philosophy between labor management level and operational level. Deviations are prevented also by a standardized approach, and visualized and distinct markup for what may be placed at any location. A significant aspect of a company is to create commitment and motivation of all employees at all levels. Collaboration between the two company branches is important when working in close proximity, meaning that the actions of one branch of the company will affect the others, and vice verse. In conclusion, we recommend that the branches work together to create a common vision applied within both Schenker AB and Schenker Åkeri.

    "Community and collaboration creates quality and customer value!"

  • 12964.
    Johansson, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Johansson, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Säg något intressant!: En kvalitativ studie av marknadskommunikation på Facebook2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Elin Johansson, Hanna Johansson, Camilla Nilsson Say something interesting! A qualitative study of marketing communication on Facebook                               Pages: 36

    With the emergence of social media, new ways has been created for companies to reach out to its audience. From being dependent on journalists to provide information, companies today have the ability to self-publish information in the open media channels. The use of social media should not replace traditional marketing communication though, but works best as a complement. It is a new environment that requires the company to adapt its working methods. Although the work is different, it is important that companies see social media as part of the overall marketing communication and not as a separate project. The purpose of this paper is to study recipient’s experience of company’s communications in social media. We have chosen to relate this to the instructions on methods of marketing communication and social media marketing as found in literature on the subject. This is to examine whether firms achieve the desired effect of the methods that are considered most appropriate. Does the message reach out? The focus of this study is marketing communication in the social media Facebook. The study consists of qualitative interviews to illuminate the recipients' views and experiences, as well as a literature study from the theoretical perspective of the sender of marketing communication in social media. The results showed that business as well as audience must interact in a functional relationship in social media. Companies should be more like the customer they are trying to reach. If companies choose to expose themselves in social media, time must be given to this, which is what the audience expects. 

    Key words: Marketing communication, social media, social media marketing, Facebook, recipients, sender

  • 12965.
    Johansson, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lindqvist, Edvin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How are family firm characteristics affected by acquisitions?: An initial study in the Gnosjö Region2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12966.
    Johansson, Elsie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Rektors arbete med elevresultat: med fokus på elever i behov av särskilt stöd2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12967.
    Johansson, Elvy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Hälsa är att må bra.: Äldre personers beskrivning av hälsa och deras hälsobeteende i vardagen.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to analyze and describe how elderly people (65+) perceive health and health behaviors. The study also intends to explore whether knowledge about healthy living habits controls their health behaviors. Finally, a comparison is made between how elderly people (65+) think and act as opposed to younger adults (18 - 64 years old) in terms of health and healthy lifestyles.

    The Mixed Method has been used to analyze the questionnaires and structured interviews from the study "Health and Responsibility" which emanated from the Jönköping University 2011 - 2012. The results show that the ability to function in everyday life becomes an important health factor for elderly people, but elderly and younger adults do not otherwise describe health differently.

    When assessing their health, the elderly put more emphasis on how they feel than whether they suffer from any diseases.

     There does not appear to be any correlation between how healthy lifestyles are described and how the knowledge is used in daily life in any of the age groups.

    Conclusions: there is a slight difference between how younger and older adults describe health. Knowledge of healthy lifestyles does not seem to control health behavior in daily life.

  • 12968.
    Johansson, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Edlund, Åsa Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Är vården vid armprotesförsörjning för barn med transversell reduktionsmissbildning lika i olika delar av landet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12969.
    Johansson, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Lindgren, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Intima-media tjocklek och lumendiameter i arteria carotis communis: en jämförelse av höger och vänster sida2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A common cause to cardiovascular disease is atherosclerosis. An increased IMT and LD reflects early stages of atherosclerosis. Ultrasound is used to investigate IMT and LD. There are several risk factors for an increased IMT and LD. Possibly there is a side difference of IMT and LD, but the cause is not clear. Aim: The aim was to compare intima-media thickness (IMT) and lumen diameter (LD) between right- and left common carotid artery (CCA). The aim was also to compare if there was any side difference based on risk groups related to each corresponding reference group. Method: This thesis was a retrospective study including 41 randomly selected participants. Results: No significant side difference of IMT and LD was seen in the entire group. When comparing side difference of IMT and LD between the risk groups and reference groups, no significant side difference could be seen. Discussion: The aim was achieved, but limitations that could affect the result occurred. Compared with previous studies, this work has both similar results as well as divergent results. Conclusion: Future studies are recommended to improve more knowledge. Thus, measurement of IMT and LD can be developed and used to prevent cardiovascular diseases. 

  • 12970.
    Johansson, Emilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Basel III: A study of Basel III and whether it may protect against new banking failures2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The financial crisis of 2007 until today affected the banking industry to a large extent. Many banks failed or got bailed out by governments. To protect against banking failures and new financial crises the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) has reviewed, renewed and extended the banking regulations. The result is a framework for banking regulations called Basel III. This study examines the Basel III framework and its potential effect on protecting the banks. The study answers the question: if Basel III may protect against new banking failures. The study has used a qualitative approach. The theoretical framework has been built up by the use of the literature review. Literature has mainly been found by use of the university library’s online databases. For the empirical results interviews were made with banks and supervisors from Sweden and from Finland to see their view on the emerging framework. The views of supervisors and banks are that Basel III should have tougher requirements than it now has. The capital requirements are seen as too low and the risk-weights are criticized not to reflect the reality. Supervisors are still positive and believe that Basel III will give a better protection, but it will not fully protect against failures. Banks have a similar view, some are positive and believe that it will give a better protection while others do not think it will protect against failures any better.

  • 12971.
    Johansson, Emma
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    ESG and Financial Performance: A study of how ESG scores impact the financial performance and risk of financial sector stocks in Europe2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12972.
    Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björklund, Susanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Ett lyft i vardagen: En beskrivning av äldre personers upplevelser av att ha deltagit i projektet ’Äldre på vift’2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how older people experienced their participation in the project ’Äldre på vift’. The authors chose to use a qualitive design. Interviews were conducted in order to obtain descriptive information from the participants’ experiences of the project ’Äldre på vift’ in Nässjö county. The overall number of participants in this study were 10 older people aged 70-90 years old. The content analysis of the interviews were conducted in accordance with content analysis as described by Graneheim & Lundman (2004). The conclusion of all the participants were that they all got positive experiences, for example increased feeling of participation, increased feeling of well-being and an increased belief in their own self-capacity which contributed to a more active every day living.

    All of the participants experienced the project as to be rewarding as an elevating in their every day life. They all put an emphasis on the importance of being able to participate in group activities outside of their home. The participants also wished to see the project ’Äldre på vift’ to be continued in the future so that more older people like them could get a elevating in their every day life.

  • 12973.
    Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Classon, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Förekomst av riskfaktorer för och attityder till dentala erosionsskador bland högskolestudenter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to examine occurrence of risk factors and attitudes to erosive tooth wear among university students. Method: This study was a prospective cross-sectional study where data were collected by a group survey through a cluster sampling of students at a university in southern Sweden. Results: Risk factors that the 99 students showed were fruit-, fruit juice consumption, time in front of computer/tv/tablet computer and exercise. A total of 24,2 % consumed fruit and 17,2 % consumed fruit juice more than three times/week. A statistically difference that woman ate more fruit then men could be demonstrated. It was a total of 23,5 % who spent time in front of the computer/tv/tablet more than five hours/day. It was a total of 25,5 % who exercised more than three times/week which men exercised statistically significantly more than woman. The participants were more doubtful to changes in their habits if they had risk to develop erosive tooth wear then when a trouble occurred like pain in form of tooth sensitivity. Participants in the older age group (22-42 years old) were statistically more doubtful to change a habit if the color of the teeth would be affected by erosive tooth wear.

  • 12974.
    Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Huseryd, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Lässtrategimetoders påverkan på elevers läsförmåga: En litteraturstudie om läsförmåga, lässtrategier och användningen av dessa i undervisningen i grundskolans årskurs F-32018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kunna läsa samt att förstå vad man läser är en viktig och grundläggande förmåga i dagens samhälle och i skolan. Syftet med litteraturstudien är därför att granska hur forskning beskriver relationen mellan lässtrategimetoder och elevers läsförmåga i ämnet svenska för åldrarna 6–10 år. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i frågeställningarna:

    • Vad är läsförmåga?
    • Vilka lässtrategimetoder beskrivs?
    • Vilken påverkan har lässtrategimetodernas påverkan på elevernas läsförmåga?
    • Hur används lässtrategimetoderna i undervisningen?

    Studiens material består av både internationella och nationella publikationer mellan åren 1984 och 2016. I denna litteraturstudie görs kopplingar mellan resultatet och den sociokulturella teorin samt den proximala utvecklingszonen. Resultatet visar att eleverna utvecklar läsförmåga genom undervisning om lässtrategimetoder och lässtrategier. Undervisningen om lässtrategimetoder är explicit, det är läraren som modellerar och visar för att eleverna sedan ska kunna tillämpa dem själva.

  • 12975.
    Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jakobsson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Fet och olycklig VS Smal och lycklig": En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av hur tv-programmet Biggest Loser Sverige 2018 framställer överviktiga2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses a Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis (MCDA) to investigate how the reality-show Biggest Loser Sweden 2018 presents obesity. The purpose of the study is to analyze how the finalists of the series are presented as obese and non-obese, as well as investigate if weight-stigmatized attitudes are being expressed in the program. The theoretical framework of the study is based on the field of health communication, focusing on the stigmatization theory and the stigmatization process. The analysis examines selected parts of Biggest Loser Sweden 2018 based on various analytical concepts. The analysis results shows that the program contains weith stigmatized attitudes, by portaying the finalists as miserable and lazy, dressed in inappropriately fitting clothing and eating unhealthy food. Additionally, they are being filmed from unflattering wiews that makes their bodys look bigger, with a dark lightning. When the finalists are normalweighted, they are being presented as happy, confident and with close-fitting clothes. They are also being filmed from angles that make their bodys look smaller, and with a lightning that emphasizes their bodies in an exclusive way. In conclusion, the study discusses how the big difference in the presentation of the finalists may promote weight-stigmatized attitudes by giving a discriminatory picture of overweight people.

     

     

  • 12976.
    Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Öhlén, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Johanson, Caroline
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ett rum med insyn: En studie i nystartade småföretags marknadskommunikation i Jönköping2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med denna studie var att förstå fenomenet marknadskommunikation som småföretag i Jönköping har använt sig av. För att belysa detta fenomen har vi utgått ifrån teorierna marknadskommunikationsmixen, kommunikationsplaneringen och word of mouth. Vi har prövat våra valda teorier genom att jämföra våra empiriska resultat med vår valda teoretisk ram.

    Vi har i denna studie använt oss av en kvalitativ ansats. Vi har genomfört samtalsintervjuer med ägarna till fyra olika småföretag. Det rör sig i samtliga fall om ägarna till nyöppnade butiker i Jönköping. Våra resultat visar att samtliga företag på något sätt, medvetet eller omedvetet, har använt sig av de olika stegen som vi utgått ifrån i vår teoretiska ram.

    Våra slutsatser i denna fallstudie är att småföretag använder sig av de olika stegen i teorierna gällande marknadskommunikationsmixen, word of mouth samt kommunikationsplaneringen. Momenten som ingår i marknadskommunikationsmixen, word of mouth samt kommunikationsplaneringen har tillämpats på något plan av ägarna till företagen. Dessa teorier är alltså tillämpbara på den marknadskommunikation de företag som ingått i studien har använt sig av för att nå ut med sitt budskap på marknaden.

  • 12977.
    Johansson, Emmelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Janhans, Louise
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Women, How Did You Come This Far?: A study of how women reach top positions2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social attitudes towards women’s role in management have during the last decades had a positive change. However, people have for long assumed that a top executive is a man. This indicates that women striving for top positions often come across barriers that are blocking their attempts to climb the career ladder. With this in mind, the purpose of the thesis was to provide an understanding of important dimensions for women who strive for top positions.

    As hermeneutic researcher, we used theory as a starting point. After the interviews, which enabled us to get deeper into the subject, we were able to move back to the theory again. We wanted to rate attitudes, beliefs and motivations among the interviewed women, and therefore a qualitative research choice was made. We were then able to get a deeper understanding of how women reach top positions, since the method permits us to come close to the research subject. Data was collected through in-depth interviews with six top positioned female leaders. The respondents selected for this study were, in alphabetical order: Amelia Adamo, Eivor Andersson, Gunilla Forsmark-Karlsson, Lena Herrmann, Anitra Steen, and Meg Tivéus.

    The major theoretical areas, which are touched upon, are factors contributing to women’s strive for top positions within organizations. Important topics are self-confidence, motivation, mentoring, networking, and balance in life. Barriers must also be considered as obstacles coming across women’s way to top positions. The empirical data, received through the in-dept interviews with top positioned women, was analyzed with assistance of the theories.

    It is not a simple task to understand the underrepresented part of women on top positions in the business life. The society today is very well developed and it is hard to realize the difficulties for women to get to the top. To understand we might have to look away from the details and barriers and start looking at the how women who actually are in the top made it so far. This guides us to the question; woman, how did you come this far? The findings enabled us to conclude that the major barriers, when striving for top positions, are internal factors within the women themselves and if they want to become top executives. However, the women are not isolated individuals. Therefore, not only the personal characteristics are enough when striving for top positions. There are still huge influences from people around the potential women, like networks and mentors.

  • 12978.
    Johansson Enell, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Hoffman, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Den ständiga kampen mellan serif och sans serif: Typografins digitala utveckling2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete är en del av utbildningen Kandidatpåbyggnad med inriktning Informatik som är ett påbyggnadsår för Grafisk design och webbutveckling på Jönköping University: School of Engineering.

    Vid en snabb granskning av hemsidor idag går det enkelt att se att det är dominerande att använda sans serif-typsnitt både till rubriker och i brödtext. I grafiska utbildningar lärs det ut att för bäst läsbarhet bör serifer användas i brödtext. Syftet med examensarbetet var att undersöka vad som påverkar läsbarheten på en digital skärm och varför det inte är vanligare att använda serifer på en webben, med tanke på hur långt tekniken kommit idag med nya högupplösta skärmar som inte borde påverka användningen av serifer. Syftet var även att undersöka om val av typografi idag alltid baseras på typografiska regler.

    Resultatet visade att ett serif-typsnitt upplevs som mer lättläst än ett sans serif-typsnitt oberoende på om de läses på en digital skärm eller på ett tryckt papper. Resultatet visade även att dominationen av sans serif-typsnitt på webben beror på en vana som hänger kvar sen förr, men att detta troligen kommer att förändras i framtiden.

    Det finns geografiska begränsningar i arbetet, då examensarbetet endast undersöker södra Sverige. För att öka validiteten kunde representanter från hela Sverige ha deltagit. Det hade kunnat påverka och förändra resultatet. Undersökningen hade kunnat förbättras generellt genom att utveckla den och använda fler typsnitt, för att få ett tydligare svar på frågeställningen den undersökte. Även detta hade kunnat påverka resultatet till något annat.

  • 12979.
    Johansson, Erik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Logistik inom byggprojekt: Förutsättningar för samlastade leveranser2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Det byggs mer inom de centrala delarna av städer, här finns det oftast begränsade

    ytor för projekten. De upplagsytor för material som finns är oftast minimala och det

    krävs nya logistiklösningar för att få en fungerande produktion. Arbetet undersöker hur

    samlastade leveranser kan påverka projekt och vilka förutsättningar som krävs för en

    fungerande samlastning. Allt detta sker med utgångspunkt hos produktionsledningen

    ute på projekten och deras erfarenheter och kunskaper.

    Målet med arbetet är att analysera hur samlastning kan användas mer inom byggprojekt.

    Metod: Fyra olika fall har studerats, varav tre är pågående och ett är avslutat. Som

    datainsamlingsmetod har intervjuer med involverade personer på pågående projekt och

    litteraturstudie på det avslutade projektet.

    Resultat: För att nå en fungerande samlastning är det viktigt att ha rätt förutsättningar,

    intresserade personer, enkla programvaror, god kunskap om planeringsverktyg och

    allmänna kunskaper om logistik. Det är med dessa förutsättningar det skapas

    möjligheter för att kunna använda samlastning på fler projekt inom bygg.

    Konsekvenser: De behöver utvecklas enkla programvaror som underlättar för

    involverade personer och det går att undvika onödiga förflyttningar av material med

    hjälp av samlastade leveranser framförallt i kombination med inbärning.

    Begränsningar: Arbetet begränsas av att alla fallstudier skett på samma företag och att

    det är ett av de större inom svensk byggindustri. Studien är inte generellt anpassningsbar

    för mindre och medelstora företag och förutsättningarna kan skilja mellan företag.

  • 12980.
    Johansson, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Holmér, Karl Pontus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Hur kommuniceras psykisk ohälsa?: En studie med fokus på ungdomar och unga vuxna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12981.
    Johansson, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Valmöjligheter inom IAS 40: Vad påverkar och hur motiverar svenska fastighetsbolag besluten?2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background – From the 1st of January 2005 should companies, within the EU, listed on a stock market implement International Accounting Standards, IAS. This means among other things that assets can be valued with the fair value model which was not an option before according to Swedish regulations. This opportunity implies that companies face different choices.

    Problem discussion – IAS 40, Investment Properties, is a standard that implies choices. The Standard makes it possible to value investment properties with the fair value model or the cost model. Another choice within IAS 40 concerns the question, who shall perform the valuation. There is no demand for independent valuers, it is up to the management to choose between a internal or external valuer. Another choice concerns if fair value should be determined by market price or cash flow analysis.

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to state which choices, Swedish real estate companies listed on the stock market, make in compliance with IAS 40, and also describe and explain how the management effects and what incentives that lies behind the choices.

    Method – This study have been carried out with a qualitative study of five real estate companies listed on the stock market. The annual reports have been examined and interviews were made with all of the companies. Theories that have been used to explain the incentives behind the choices are positive accounting theory, institutional theory and the interest model.

    Conclusion – Swedish real estate companies listed on the stock market, will choose fair value model. The incentives are mainly, institutionalization within the line of business, meet the interest of the stock market with better information and that the alternative is not adjusted to the real estate business. A solid majority of the companies choose a internal valuer. The incentives are mainly that it is recognized by the line of business, internal knowledge gives a more correct value and that independence is not highly considerated. The companies choose a cash flow analysis to determine the value because the market is not active enough to use market value. And also because of the professional organizations that have made it accepted. The Swedish real estate market is clearly effected by the institutionalization and the professional organizations have strong influence on the decisions.

  • 12982.
    Johansson, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Oscar, Karlsson
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Effektivisering av måltidsprocessen inom sjukvården2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to identify the challenges that may arise in the meal process at a hospital, and then develop approaches to address these. To fulfill the purpose of the study, the following question has been formulated:

    1. What challenges may arise in the meal process at a hospital?

    2. How can the challenges in the meal process at a hospital be managed?

    Methodology – An initial theoretical framework was established which has been pattern matched with the empirical data as the study progressed. A case study methodology was adopted to examine the meal process and the underlying challenges at Ryhov Länssjukhus in Jönköping. Methods of data collection consisted of interviews, observations, document studies and a questionnaire survey. The collected empirical data were then analyzed through the theoretical framework.

    Findings – The study has identified the following challenges in the meal process: variability, lack of communication, goods-specific characteristics and the absence of a holistic perspective. Challenges linked to variations originate from when patients are absent during the mealtime due to operations or examinations. To handle the challenges with both variations and good-specific characteristics, new approaches to the cooling of meals have been proposed. To improve the communication a coordinating function has been presented which simplifies the management and planning for the healthcare departments. Finally, to handle the challenge of absence of a holistic perspective, new approaches should be adopted related to Lean and process orientation.

    Implications – The study has identified a number of challenges in the meal process. While working towards improving the meal process, it is important for each individual hospital to assess the challenges that are the most critical to their situation. By implementing the proposed improvements the hospital should gain cost savings through reduced wastage of food and more efficient resource management.

    Research limitations – This case study examines solely the meal process at Ryhov Länssjukhus and is therefore of individual character. It might also be interesting with a study involving several hospitals to thus find additional challenges and also to verify the results of this study. The emphasis of this study has been activities related to the meal process. If the study had instead adopted a clear patient focus, a broader perspective might have been created with additional viewpoints. 

  • 12983.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    A design process for materials supply systems2007In: Proceedings of the 19th NOFOMA conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing interest in and importance of shortening product development times have underlined the necessity of working with overlapping activities in product development projects (PDPs), i.e. concurrent engineering. In the literature it has been argued that materials supply system (MSS) design should form one dimension of concurrent engineering and be coordinated with product and production systems design. However, the research on the integration of MSS design into PDPs is fragmented.

    The research presented in this paper aims at developing a design process for MSSs in order to achieve systematic MSS design as well as its integration at an early stage of PDPs, thus allowing the MSS to be designed in parallel with the product and the rest of the production system. The research is based on literature studies as well as on two single qualitative case studies conducted at two companies within the automotive industry; an end producer and a first tier supplier.

    An MSS design process has been developed, which is structured in accordance with the following phases: Planning, Concept development, System-level design, and Detail design. The MSS is modelled with materials flows as sub systems and six design areas as components. The six design areas are materials feeding, storage, transportation, handling, packaging, and manufacturing planning and control.

  • 12984.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Begränsning av inomobligatoriskt skadestånd: Adekvansläran, direkta och indirekta skador samt förutsebarhetsformeln - tre sidor av samma mynt?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Principen om fullt skadestånd utgör utgångspunkten vad gäller beräkning av skadestånd som uppkommer med anledning av kontraktsbrott. Ett skadestånds omfattning begränsas dock på olika sätt genom olika skadeståndsbegränsande metoder.

    Några skadeståndsbegränsande metoder som gäller enligt dispositiv rätt är adekvansläran, köplagens indelning av skador i direkta och indirekta sådana samt förutsebarhetsformeln i United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Vienna 1980. Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att analysera vilken eller vilka av de nämnda skadeståndsbegränsande metoderna som bäst kan anses motsvara målen med att skadeståndsskyldighet för parter i kommersiella köpeavtal över huvud taget begränsas.

    Den av Jan Hellner anförda målanalysen används för att identifiera de i rättskällorna nedlagda ultimära målen, annorlunda uttryckt syftena eller anledningarna, med att skadeståndsskyldighet ska begränsas. De identifierade ultimära målen utgörs av ett mål om att uppnå en ekonomiskt effektiv riskfördelning, ett mål om att åstadkomma jämställdhet mellan avtalsparter samt ett mål om att eftersträva största möjliga rättssäkerhet.

    Den av de analyserade skadeståndsbegränsande metoderna som bäst motsvarar de identifierade ultimära målen är förutsebarhetformeln. Att förutsebarhetsformeln är den metod som bäst motsvarar de ultimära målen har i grund och botten att göra med att metoden är den av de analyserade metoderna som begränsar en avtalsparts skadeståndsskyldighet i störst omfattning.

  • 12985.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Design of materials supply systems in product development projects: An empirical study from the car industry2001In: Proceedings of PLAN's forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens, Göteborg, Sweden, 2001Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the design of materials supply systems in product development projects is discussed. Companies try to shorten the product development time by working with different development activities simultaneously, i.e. concurrent engineering. This means that the production system, involving the materials supply system, is developed in parallel with the product. Early verification is important in order to make the right design decisions.

    A case study shows that it is difficult, early in a development project, to foresee what the consequences for the materials supply system and, accordingly, for the production system as a whole will be in operation. This insecurity is partly due to the difficulty in obtaining appropriate information at an early stage. The insecurity about the consequences results in difficulties in taking decisions about how the materials supply system should be designed. In addition, it is difficult for the logisticians to get attention for their point of view. It is also hard to survey the whole materials supply system, i.e. not only to focus on one single component, design question or process at a time. The case study shows that there is a lack of tools supporting such a holistic approach.

    It is concluded that, in order to facilitate early problem discovery and early decision-making concerning the design of the materials supply system, there is a need for directions about how to obtain and use partial information.

  • 12986.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Design of materials supply systems in product development projects: Difficulties and requirements2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology development is now very intense in several areas, and companies have much to gain from reaching the market with new technology and products ahead of their competitors. Therefore, companies try to shorten the product development time. This has accentuated the necessity of working with overlapping activities in development projects, which involves integrating the materials supply aspects at an early stage in product development projects in order to identify and solve problems.

    This thesis deals with the design of the materials supply system in product development projects and is directed towards the evaluation of the materials supply system at an early stage in product development projects. The research is delimitated to materials supply for assembly of physically large products, produced in high volumes.

    Empirical data have been gathered in three case studies. The results show that in order to improve the evaluation of materials supply systems in product development projects, new models and tools, together with appropriate work procedures, are needed. Four characteristics of the materials supply system in operation, namely: space needed for the materials supply, volumes and frequencies, inventory levels, and the investment in packaging, are shown to be important to assess at an early stage of as well as during product development projects. In addition, the results show that the models and tools must be able to utilise partial and incomplete data as well as to consider and handle uncertainty in the data used. The importance of transferring and using partial information, and the prerequisites for succeeding with this, is discussed.

  • 12987.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Information management for materials supply systems design2007In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Production Research, Valparaiso, Chile, 2007Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to categorise difficulties related to release and use of information for materials supply systems design during product development projects as well as specific approaches to deal with them. In the literature it has been argued that materials supply systems design should form one dimension of concurrent engineering and be coordinated with product and production systems design although little research on how to manage it is presented. The research presented in this paper is based on multiple sources of data, mainly gathered by means of three case studies conducted at two companies from the automotive industry. The difficulties are categorised in terms of whether or not they are related to a concurrent engineering context. The approaches are categorised with regard to whether or not they focus on difficulties related to a concurrent engineering context, and whether or not they focus on the materials supply systems designers and their work.

  • 12988.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Information management for materials supply systems design2009In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 47, no 8, p. 2217-2229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to categorise difficulties related to release and use of information for materials supply systems design during product development projects as well as specific approaches to deal with them. In the literature it has been argued that materials supply systems design should form one dimension of concurrent engineering and be coordinated with product and production systems design although little research on how to manage it has been presented. The research presented in this paper is based on multiple sources of data, mainly gathered by means of three case studies conducted at two companies from the automotive industry. The difficulties are categorised in terms of whether or not they are related to a concurrent engineering context. The approaches are categorised with regard to whether or not they focus on difficulties related to a concurrent engineering context, and whether or not they focus on the materials supply systems designers and their work.

  • 12989.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Integration of materials supply aspects in product development projects: A case study from the automotive industry2001In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Production Research, Prague, Czech Republic, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the design of materials supply systems in product development projects is discussed. Companies try to shorten the product development time by working with different development activities simultaneously, i.e. concurrent engineering. This means that the production system, involving the materials supply system, is developed in parallel with the product. Early verification is important in order to make the right design decisions.

    A case study shows that it is difficult, early in a development project, to foresee what the consequences for the materials supply system and, accordingly, for the production system as a whole will be in operation. This insecurity is partly due to the difficulty in obtaining appropriate information at an early stage. The insecurity about the consequences results in difficulties in taking decisions about how the materials supply system should be designed. In addition, it is difficult for the logisticians to get attention for their point of view. It is also hard to survey the whole materials supply system, i.e. not only to focus on one single component, design question or process at a time. The case study shows that there is a lack of tools supporting such a holistic approach.

    It is concluded that, in order to facilitate early problem discovery and early decision-making concerning the design of the materials supply system, there is a need for directions about how to obtain and use partial information.

  • 12990.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Materials supply systems design during product development projects2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims at contributing to the knowledge of how to effectively and efficiently integrate materials supply system (MSS) design at an early stage of product development projects (PDPs) and how to effectively and efficiently design the MSS in parallel with the product and the rest of the production system. The increasing interest in and importance of shortening product development times have underlined the necessity of working with overlapping activities in PDPs, i.e. concurrent engineering. In the literature it has been argued that MSS design should form one dimension of concurrent engineering and be coordinated with product and production systems design, where preliminary and partial information is released and used as it emerges. However, the research on the integration of MSS design into PDPs is fragmented. It is limited to one MSS design area (e.g. packaging), to the discussion of some MSS design areas as parts of the production system without considering these in relation to PDPs, or else focuses on coordinating decisions related to one or a few specific questions at a time (e.g. postponement structure and product architecture) without any reference to PDPs.

    The research presented in this thesis is based on literature studies on the subjects of materials supply, production systems design, design and development processes and PDPs as well as on three case studies conducted at two companies within the automotive industry; two studies at an end producer and one study at a first tier supplier.

    An MSS design process has been developed in order to achieve systematic MSS design as well as its integration at an early stage of PDPs, thus allowing the MSS to be designed in parallel with the product and the rest of the production system. The design process is structured in accordance with the following phases: Planning, Concept development, System-level design, and Detail design. The MSS is modelled with materials flows as sub systems and six design areas as components. The six design areas are materials feeding, storage, transportation, handling, packaging, and manufacturing planning and control.

    In addition, difficulties related to release and use of information for MSS design during PDPs as well as approaches for dealing with them are described and categorised. Attention is drawn to the fact that several of the difficulties experienced by MSS designers are not related to a concurrent engineering context with overlapping activities but to release and use of information between different departments on a more general level. It has also been underlined that responsibility for improving information management rests both with the MSS designers and with those who produce the information required for the MSS design as well as with the company as a whole.

  • 12991.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Selective distribution systems in practice: Consequences of and justifications for selective distribution together with effects of the new Block Exemption Regulation2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On 1 June 2010, a new Block Exemption Regulation (BER) and new Guidelines that affect the practical use of selective distribution systems enter into force. The BER exempts vertical agreements, such as selective distribution agreements, from the prohibition of Article 101 (1) TFEU. It is significant for individual market players to obtain knowledge of what impact the new BER and the new Guidelines have for the practical use of selective distribution systems.

    The Commission has amended the new BER and the new Guidelines in the light of the development the last decade. Two main changes are noticed that affect the content of the new legislative documents. Firstly, it is established that many distributors have obtained larger market shares. Secondly, it is stated that Internet sales have increased largely. The basic principles of the new versions of the BER and the Guidelines are identical with the former versions but the present changes are although noticeable for companies and their selective distribution systems.

    The new BER contains a new market share rule that is more restrictive than the corresponding rule in the former BER. However, the new market share rule is not an expression of a less tolerant approach towards selective distribution systems; rather an amendment necessary due to the development of distributors’ market shares.

    The growth of distribution in the Internet the last ten years is reflected in the new Guidelines. The Commission’s approach towards the Internet as a distribution method seems in general to be positive. It is noticeable that the Commission wants that parties of selective distribution agreements shall be able to benefit from all the positive effects of online sales at the same time as the Commission tries to preserve the positive effects of selective distribution.

    This thesis describes and examines the practical use of selective distribution systems. Different reasons for companies to use selective distribution systems and effects of the new BER and Guidelines are in particular examined.

  • 12992.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Structuring materials supply systems design according to a stage-gate process2004In: Proceedings of PLAN's forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens, Lund, Sweden, 2004Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the process of designing materials supply systems in product development projects. In the literature, the importance of success in new product development projects is stated. The structuring of new product development processes into some form of stage-gate process is advocated by many researchers and also widely used by companies. Much literature also states the necessity of shortening the time between concept and market for new products and highlights the need for working with overlapping activities in product development projects. The result presented in this paper is a structuring of the materials supply systems design process according to a stage-gate process. The structure was developed in close cooperation with a company within the automotive industry. The structure formalises the materials supply systems design process and facilitates the integration of materials supply aspects early on in product development projects. The materials supply systems design process is based on a general design method in order to further secure the quality of the design process.

  • 12993.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Towards a design process for materials supply systems2007In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 388-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The objective of this research is to develop a structure for a materials supply systems (MSSs) design process to be used during product development projects (PDPs).

    Design/methodology/approach – The research is based on a qualitative study at a first tier supplier in the automotive industry. Empirical data were gathered over the course of one year and analysed by means of a previously developed MSSs design model and the company's product development phases.

    Findings – A structure for a MSSs design process has been developed, based on the following four phases: planning, concept development, system-level design and detail design.

    Research limitations/implications – Future research could further develop the structure discussed in this paper and complement it with engineering tools for use during the design process.

    Practical implications – The results underline the importance of a MSSs design process and emphasise that such a process should cover activities at an early stage of PDPs. Moreover, the necessity of coordinating the specifications of the various materials flows and evaluating the entire MSS before becoming absorbed by detailed design issues is highlighted.

    Originality/value – This paper complements the rapidly growing literature on concurrent engineering by emphasising the importance of integrating the materials supply aspects at an early stage of PDPs and designing the MSS in integration with the product and the production system.

  • 12994.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Utveckling av logistiksystem i produktutvecklingsprojekt2005In: Transport och hantering, ISSN 0346-2773, no 19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12995.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Överföring och användning av information för utformning av logistiksystem2006In: PLAN-nytt, ISSN 1502-1467, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12996.
    Johansson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Johansson, Mats I
    Evaluation of materials supply systems during product development projects2004In: Proceedings of the Euroma Conference, 2004Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the process of designing materials supply systems during product development projects with focus on the evaluation part. A case study was conducted in close cooperation with a company within the automotive industry. Two performance measures for the materials supply systems evaluation were selected, namely inventory value and handling required for the materials supply. The result from the case study is an analysis of how these performance measures can be assessed early in product development projects and how they can be used in the process of materials supply systems design.

  • 12997.
    Johansson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Johansson, Mats I
    Evaluation of materials supply systems during product development projects2006In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 903-917Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyse how materials supply systems can be evaluated during product development projects in a concurrent engineering context. The focus is on performance assessment of materials supply systems and the input data required. A case study was conducted in close cooperation with a company and two performance measures were assessed during the concept definition phase and recalculated during the product and process validation phase. The results show that preliminary input data can be used to calculate performance measures by means of the following approaches: indicators, standards or scenarios. Furthermore, it is discussed how performance assessment can assist the materials supply systems design process in a concurrent engineering context by facilitating early problem discovery, early decision-making, and common understanding.

  • 12998.
    Johansson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Heuman, Stefan
    Johansson, Mats I
    Influence of shipment size on logistics costs in the ordering company2000In: Proceedings of the 12th NOFOMA Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows the great importance of taking transportation costs into account when deciding on the shipment sizes. During the last few decades companies have tried to reduce their shipment sizes, in order to increase their inventory turnover rates. However, the transportation cost is hardly ever included as an explicit parameter in the shipment size decision. The results from a case study show that it is economically advantageous, in the perspective of the model applied, to increase the shipment sizes for many of the suppliers. These results are discussed together with the factors that act for smaller shipment sizes. One of the final conclusions is, however, that if the manufacturing and the materials flow systems were changed in order to take full advantage of smaller shipment sizes and less material in house, it would possibly be profitable to decrease the shipment sizes even more than has hitherto been done.

  • 12999.
    Johansson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Johansson, Mats I
    Materials supply systems design in product development projects2006In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 371-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This research aims to develop a model for describing and analysing materials supply systems design in product development projects.Design/methodology/approach: Literature on materials supply and production systems design is reviewed in order to derive a materials supply systems design model. The model is applied to empirical data from a qualitative case study, which exemplifies how the model can serve to describe materials supply systems design in product development projects. Moreover, the model is used to analyse the empirical data related to the focus and characteristics of the design issues.Findings: The model developed contains the six areas: materials feeding, storage, transportation, handling, packaging, and manufacturing planning and control at four levels: supply chain, plant, subunit, and utility.Research limitations/implications: Future research could complement the model by developing a design process to enable systematic design of the materials supply system as well as the integration of materials supply aspects at an early stage of product development projects. Such a design process should also consider the design of the flows of specific components.Practical implications: The importance of considering the relations between the six design areas as well as evaluating the whole materials supply system is highlighted.Originality/value: The paper focuses on the materials supply aspects dealt with in product development projects, which have been the subject of little research interest so far, despite the fact that extensive resources are required for materials supply activities.

  • 13000.
    Johansson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Johansson, Mats I
    The information gap between design engineering and materials supply systems design2004In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 42, no 17, p. 3787-3801Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the design of materials supply systems in product development projects. In order to design the materials supply system in parallel with the product, product data must be available to the materials supply systems designers. The aim of this paper is to analyse the information quality of the required product data and to indicate how this information quality can be increased. Empirical data have been gathered through case studies conducted within the Manufacturing Industry. The empirical data show that it is possible to identify the product data required for materials supply systems design. It is also shown that there is an information gap between design engineering and materials supply systems design. The information quality of the required product data for the materials supply systems design has many imperfections, mainly in terms of accessibility, ease of operation, timeliness, understandability, interpretability, relevancy, and completeness. The information quality can be improved by the use of PDM systems, which are especially useful for facilitating an increase in accessibility, ease of operation, and timeliness.

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