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  • 12901.
    Hultman, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Razafimandimbison, Sylvio Hardy
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nazem, Ramin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Aligning Brand Identity with Brand Image: An evaluation of a proposed method2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Branding and the management of brands has become a highly prioritized aspect for com-panies to maintain lasting competitive advantage and to provide meaning to consumption. Therefore companies have adopted an inside-out approach in order to manage their brand. The challenge with an inside-out approach is to align the internal brand identity,what brands communicate, with the external brand image, what consumers perceive. Therefore two questions are crucial to answer; how does the brand want to be perceived and how is the brand actually perceived? There is a risk that gaps occur in the communication of the brand, and these gaps are crucial to monitor and prevent for effective brand management.

    This paper proposes a method on how to measure and align brand identity and brand im-age, based on existing theories and models regarding brand management. The method is evaluated through a case study, where the difference between Happy Plugs’ brand identity and brand image is analyzed. The method was designed using Kapferer’s Brand Pyramid and Brand Identity Prism. Both qualitative and quantitative data is used to examine how wide the gap between Happy Plugs’ brand identity and brand image is. The Happy Plugs brand is solely used as a tool to apply the designed method and evaluate the validity of it.

    The findings show that a gap in brand identity and brand image does occur, at higher levels of the brand pyramid, or brand identity. The results from the case study indicate that the designed model is an effective tool in identifying and measuring possible gaps, and is a use-ful approach for companies who wish to align their brand identity with brand image.

  • 12902.
    Hultman, Jens
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rethinking adoption: Information and communications technology interaction processes within the Swedish automobile industry2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On different levels and with different strategic importance, business managers face technology decisions every day. These decisions concern not only which technologies to use, but also which ones not to use. Technology is a strategic issue in business in the sense that decisions to reject or adopt a specific type of technology, at either firm or industry level, can in the long run have an impact on the ability to develop and fulfill market needs. The purpose of this thesis is to empirically explore information and communications technology (ICT) adoption in an industrial context in order to challenge prevalent conceptualizations of adoption. The thesis proposes that ICT adoption in an industrial context needs to be understood and evaluated through a processual and longitudinal approach. The thesis specifically concerns organizational level adoption (cf. individual/user level adoption) of ICT applications for processual support (cf. manufacturing technology or product technology) in an industrial marketing context (cf. consumer marketing context). Through an empirical exploration of five cases of ICT adoption processes found in the Swedish Automobile industry, this thesis presents a view on adoption as interaction that is different from prevalent conceptualizations within the field.

    The empirical material was collected through in-depth interviews with key actors in the five adoption processes and observations made over time in the adoption processes under study. The study has a focus on capturing rich descriptions concerning five entities constituting a conceptualization of adoption: object of adoption, subject of adoption, process of adoption, outcome of adoption and context of adoption. The thesis contributes with an alternative view on adoption in the industrial setting with a focus on adoption as a process of interaction. Through an exploration of my empirical materials, I challenge prevalent conceptualizations of adoption. I conclude that given the embedded and organic nature of the adoption process, it is necessary to approach adoption as a process of interaction. For the presented conceptualization and given the industrial context, this thesis asserts that the object of adoption technology is to be viewed as an open solution (cf. given product), that the subject of adoption is to be viewed as something ongoing between and within an actor (cf. adoption as a single-firm issue), that the process of adoption is to be viewed as an ongoing process of interaction (cf. linear), that the context of adoption is to be viewed as embedded interaction and context as part of the process (cf. context as ‘out there’), and that the outcome is to be discussed in terms of status (cf. binary).

  • 12903.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Axelsson, Björn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Change through leveraging information and communications technology2005In: Developing Sourcing Capabilities: Creating strategic change in purchasing and supply management, New York: John Wiley & Sons , 2005, p. 169-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies are becoming more and more aware of the competitive advantage that can be realised through effective sourcing. The trend towards more outsourcing and effective supply chain management shows the importance of advanced purchasing management. This book, by leading experts in the field, covers a wide range of purchasing topics by focusing on the change processes involved in creating competitive advantage.

  • 12904.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Axelsson, Björn
    Towards a typology of transparency for marketing management research2007In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 627-635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores and extends the concept of transparency, as transparency-related terminology in marketing management research is limited in its typological development. Building on previous research, it outlines four types of transparency and extends them by adding three related facets. The four types are: cost transparency, supply transparency, organizational transparency and technological transparency. The expanded concept of transparency is discussed and analyzed using four illustrations, based on case studies conducted at two focal firms in the Swedish manufacturing industry. The study contributes to the field of marketing management research by showing the interrelatedness of information technology exploitation, trust and transparency. In addition, the study highlights the dynamic aspects of the transparency concept. In contrast to results of former studies, the present findings indicate that increased transparency in buyer–supplier relationships brings about not only positive, but also some negative effects.

  • 12905.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Eriksson, Lars Torsten
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    The Balancing Acts in SME e-Commerce Development: a multiple case study2008In: International Journal of Electronic Business, ISSN 1470-6067, E-ISSN 1741-5063, Vol. 6, no 5, p. 476-497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying a resource-based view on SME development and analysing empirical data collected from qualitative and longitudinal research on e-commerce development among 20 Swedish SMEs, the authors identify and discuss the post-adoption decision dilemmas – or Balancing Acts – faced by managers. The study contributes to the existing literature on SME e-commerce development by suggesting that SME management faces three major decision dilemmas: e-commerce capacity and competence development, e-commerce scope and e-commerce development drive. By outlining a set of managerial aspects of e-commerce development, we point out the contextual and resource dependence of SME management.

  • 12906.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Challenges of global supply chain development: the case of IKEA2008In: Proceedings of the CeLS Workshop on Global Retail Supply Chain and Marketing Innovation, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The dynamic, interactive and complex nature of global supply chains provides a tremendous challenge for supply and logistics executives. The development of global supply chains has become a critical success factor not least for Nordic companies, and should be seen as important in gaining entry into emerging markets such as China and East Asia. Many companies have experienced problems in shifting their supply chain abroad into low cost regions, and supply chains often end up with high total landed costs. This paper reports on the findings from a case study at IKEA and their global supply chain development. The research aims to better understand the challenges supply chain managers face in global supply chain development.

     

  • 12907.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Exploring the dynamics of global sourcing development over time: The case of IKEA2011In: The International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, ISSN 1477-5360, E-ISSN 1741-8097, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 109-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims at contributing to the literature on global sourcing and particularly to the literature on global sourcing development over time. Using case study materials on the home furnishing retailer IKEA, this research constitutes a picture of the sourcing landscape of IKEA from the 1950s onward. The case of IKEA's global sourcing development over time is discussed over three dimensions: sourcing market development (where?), sourcing scope development (what?), and sourcing mode development (how?). The results of the study imply that modelling the linkages between the dimensions and the overarching operational principles of the firm provides a more comprehensive view on how, and why, global sourcing development evolves over time.

  • 12908.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    International retail sourcing development: the case of IKEA2008In: Proceedings of the 1st Nordic Retail and Wholesale Conference, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper explores how international sourcing in retail operations in the case of IKEA of Sweden have evolved over time. The internationalization process of IKEA has been subject for quite a lot of scholarly attention over the years. In contrast to most other studies on the internationalization process of IKEA, this study has its focus on the development of international sourcing. International retail sourcing development in the case of IKEA is discussed over three themes concerning international retail sourcing development at IKEA; sourcing market development (where?), sourcing scope development (what?), and sourcing strategy development (how?). The paper identifies three distinct characteristics of IKEA’s sourcing operations can be identified. The paper suggests that although IKEA’s overarching goals and characteristics of sourcing operations have been consistent, the sourcing operations have still undergone significant change. The paper also suggests that the scope, the strategy selection and the market development aspects of retail sourcing development are highly interrelated.

  • 12909.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Challenges in the creation of supply chain transparency2005In: Nofoma Conference / [ed] Britta Gammelgard and Tage Skjøtt-Larsen, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12910.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Johnsen, Rhona
    Audencia University.
    Johnsen, Thomas
    Audencia University.
    Global Sourcing development at IKEA: A case study2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12911.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Lund University, School of Economics and Management.
    Johnsen, Thomas
    Audencia Nantes School of Management, France.
    Johnsen, Rhona
    Audencia Nantes School of Management, France.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    An interaction approach to global sourcing: A case study of IKEA2012In: Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, ISSN 1478-4092, E-ISSN 1873-6505, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 9-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the process of global sourcing through a case of the Swedish furnishing retailer IKEA from an interaction perspective. With a point of departure in the streams of existing research on global sourcing and the internationalization process of firms through networks, a research question is proposed concerning supply network interactions as an influence in the global sourcing process. The study uses an in-depth qualitative case study methodology, focusing on IKEA and its development of a supply network for the PAX wardrobe system during the years 2003–2009. The findings draw on 29 interviews in Sweden and China, ranging from interviews with the supply management function of IKEA to interviews with Swedish and Chinese suppliers and sub-suppliers. The findings show that the global sourcing process is influenced by interactions and network effects between supply network actors. In particular, we find that relationships between suppliers were identified and set up by IKEA, but cascaded into deeper interactions amongst suppliers at different supply network tiers. Our study contributes to global sourcing research in indicating the importance of interaction amongst supply network actors, showing how the global sourcing strategy of one actor may significantly influence the sourcing strategies of other actors. Global sourcing decisions therefore need to be understood and coordinated across global supply networks.

  • 12912.
    Hultman, jens
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Johnson, Thomas
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    The effects on supplier integration under different market dynamism2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12913.
    Hultman, Jens
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Lianguang, Cui
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    In search of the Holy Grail: challenges faced when striving for supply transparency to reach the agile supply chain2008In: Proceedings of the 17th IPSERA Conference, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With increased competitiveness, increased pressure to exploit scale advantages in operations and with increasing customer demands of availability, adaptability and responsiveness, supply chain management has become a cornerstone in modern business administration. One concept that has attracted attention from scholars and practitioners is the concept of supply chain agility. This paper concerns the development of responsive supply chains and presents a case study concerning a Swedish global retail firm. The purpose of the paper is to explore the relationship between supply chain transparency and the agile supply chain. We also aim to explore the challenges that firms face when striving to attain transparency and implementing response-based supply strategies in buyer-supplier relationships. Our findings in this research project in progress points at the critical role of a system handing real-time information. Our study also corroborates the view that it is perhaps more realistic to discuss agility as a current status and something that is continuously developing, rather than as a static property of a supply chain.

  • 12914.
    Hultman, Jim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Jonsson, Sanny
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Internetspråk: En studie i högstadieelevers språk på internet2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay we describe the characteristics of the internet language used by senior-level school pupils. Our primary question formulation is: ”Which are the significant features of the youth’s internet language on a morphological, lexical, syntactical and orthographical level?” In order to answer this question we have analyzed 45 text ex-amples which is brought from two different internet forums, Bilddagboken.se and Un-gdomar.se, forums which are widely used by youths. The analysis has been made on a morphological, lexical, orthographical and syntactical level. We have also another question formulation which is: “How is emoticons used in youth’s internet conversa-tions?” Thereby we also study the use of emoticons in the examples we have analyzed.Our conclusion in this essay is that the youth’s internet language is a language that in many cases should be seen as an own language; it should be seen as an entirely new and unique way of communication. Therefore it should not be placed in any of the cat-egories you use to talk about when it comes to linguistic studies.

  • 12915.
    Hultman, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Ambjörnsson, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Skanskas säkerhet på arbetsplatsen: Personlig skyddsutrustning2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This degree projekt deals with Skanska´s safety at the construction site with focus on personal safety equipment. The purpose of this dissertation is to examine how the rules of personal safety equipment are applied and experienced at Skanska´s construction sites.

    In October 2004 Skanska started a projekt to make the construction sites more safe. With use of a questionnaire we have made a survey at different construction sites. 80 questionaires have been handed out to Skanska´s employees in the southeast region. While they were handed out we conrolled if the employees at Skanska´s construction sites used head protection, easy visible clothing, safety shoes and identification cards.

    The result of the survey shows how the rules are applied. Differences can be seen in employees of different ages, types of labour and positions. The report also includes a list of all answers from the questionnaire. The result showed that over 90 % of the emplyees used head protection, easy visible clothing, safety shoes and identification cards always or almost all the time. Our visits to the construction sites confirm that result. Our visits and surveys also show that the employees are careless with eye-, ear-, and muuth protection. It also showed a lack of use of visitors identification cards and information to the visitors.

    The conclusion of this report is that Skanska´s information to the employees about how to use personal safety equipment is insufficient. To inform the emplyees about what the consequences will be if handling careless with personal safety equipment, could encourage them to always use it.

  • 12916.
    Hultman, Sophie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hur mycket är klockan?: En learning study om relationen mellan undervisning och elevers förmåga att avläsa den analoga klockan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12917.
    Hultqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Larsson, Viktor
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Vicinity and consequence: A qualitative text analysis of the news report during the case Mild2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report investigates the news reporting of two net based newspapers during the killing of a student in Jonkoping, Sweden. The two papers which are investigated are one local and one national and the main purpose is to see the differences between these two papers under two different conditions. First is the question of which the meaning of range of the place where the situation was and where the papers offices are placed. It’s interesting to see if there are any direct differences in the reporting between the papers due to its closeness to the actual place. Second is based on the situation, a close relative to the dead student was a celebrity, a well known persons from various mediums. This person was anonymous in the initial phase but was revealed by the media. This ads to the question how the investigated papers reports and what they focus on when this information is revealed.

    After a formal analysis we found some interesting differences between the papers. We also discovered some new information that wasn’t answers to our mains questions but was important and relevant to the context. We found that both newspapers used two categories of articles, “the inform” article and the “story-telling” article and the differences between the papers was not in these categories but instead in the language and expressions.

    This led to the first main question, which we found some differences between the papers. The local papers use names on places in a higher level than the national. They also have more articles to describe places and people in the direct surrounding of the dead student and the place were she lived. The local paper is also more objective and constrained in their “inform” articles.

    The main differences we could see were in the second question, the entrance of a national celebrity related to the case. The national newspaper put a much greater focus on this celebrity than the local paper. Even if the celebrity at that time didn’t commented the event, the national paper published pictures and tried to write about him as a person in his situation. Even if this celebrity were of great news value to both papers the local papers used the information more objective and silenced in contrast of the other events in the whole news reporting.

  • 12918.
    Hultqvist, Jeanette
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lefverman, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Validering av självvald gånghastighet.2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Purpose: The goal with the studie is to investigate if there is any difference in walking speed individually and between female and male, when they are aware and not aware of being observed while walking on overground walking and treadmill in a self selected walking speed that they use everyday.

    Method: In the studie participated 16 subjects in the age of 21-30 years old. The walking speed was measured at a distance on 11 meters with a laserdoppler LDM300C Sport, during one occasion. The studie had different tests where the self-selected walking speed was measured on level ground and treadmill while the test persons were aware and not aware of being observed.

    Result: There was a significant difference for each test person in walking velocity between treadmill and the other occasions. No significant difference was found between female and male.

    Conclusion: Each test person walked significantly slower on treadmill compared to their self-selected walking speed when they were not aware of being observed.

     

    Keywords: Overground walking, Pedestrians, Treadmill, Unobserved gait, Walking speed.

  • 12919.
    Hultqvist, Jonatan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Melin, Gustav
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hyttinen, Kristian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ett innovativt småföretag: En marknadsanalys av energivisualiseringsbranschen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12920.
    Hultsbo, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Fridén, Ellinor
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Den självskattade aktivitetsbalansen hos sammanboende män och kvinnor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12921. Hultsjö, S
    et al.
    Hjelm, K
    Immigrants in emergency care: Swedish health care staff's experiences.2005In: International Nursing Review, ISSN 0020-8132, E-ISSN 1466-7657, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 276-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: During the past few decades Sweden has developed into a multicultural society. The proportion of patients with different cultural backgrounds increases, which naturally makes new demands on health care staff.

    AIM: To identify whether staff in somatic and psychiatric emergency care experienced problems in the care of migrants, and if so to compare these.

    METHOD: The study design was explorative. Focus group interviews of 22 women and 13 men working as nurses and assistant nurses at an emergency ward, an ambulance service and a psychiatric intensive care unit were held.

    FINDINGS: The results showed that the main problems experienced in all wards were difficulties related to caring for asylum-seeking refugees. Some dissimilarities were revealed: unexpected behaviours in migrants related to cultural differences described by staff working in the emergency ward; migrants' refusal to eat and drink and their inactive behaviour in the psychiatric ward; and a lot of non-emergency runs by the ambulance staff because of language barriers between the emergency services centre and migrants.

    CONCLUSION: The main problems experienced by the health care staff were situations in which they were confronted with the need to care for asylum-seeking refugees.

    PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: These emphasize the importance of support from organizational structures and national policies to develop models for caring for asylum-seeking refugees. Simple routines and facilities to communicate with foreign-language-speaking migrants need to be developed. Health care staff need a deeper understanding of individual needs in the light of migrational and cultural background.

  • 12922.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Caring for foreign-born persons with psychosis and their families: Perceptions of psychosis care2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to describe and analyse perceptions of psychosis care among those involved in care, foreign‐born persons with psychoses, their families and health care staff, and further to reach agreement about core components in psychosis care. This was in order to find out whether current psychosis care in Sweden is suitable for foreign‐born persons and theirfamilies.

    The study design was explorative and descriptive. Health care staff (n=35), persons with psychosis (n=22) and families (n=26) of persons with psychosis were chosen from different regions in Southern Sweden. To capture health care staff’s experiences and to explore whether specific needs occurred within psychiatric care, nine focus group interviews were held. The perspectives of psychosis care among persons with psychoses and their families were captured through individual interviews. Finally, a study was accomplished all over Sweden in which staff, foreign‐born persons with psychosis and foreign-born families of persons with psychoses answered a questionnaire to identifycore components in psychosis care of foreign‐born persons and their families.

    There was agreement that the core components in psychosis care concern general psychiatric caring, even though varying perceptions were identified. Asking about foreign‐born persons’ religious and ethnic background or having the possibility to decide whether care should be provided by male or female staff were agreed to be less important.

    No agreement could be reached concerning the importance of considering different perceptions of psychosis care, treatments and different ways of managing the psychosis. Nor could agreement be reached as to whether staff should have specific cultural knowledge and whether interpreters should be unknown to the family but speak the right dialect.

    Perceptions among staff in somatic and psychiatric care as well as perceptions among foreign‐and Swedish‐born persons with psychosis and their families were more similar than different. General psychiatric care is important for Swedish‐born as well as foreign‐born persons with psychosis and their families, indicating the importance of not letting culturally determined perceptions dictate the care and take away energy from health care staff and make them lose their focus on the basic elements in general psychiatric care. However, within the general care there were individual perceptions on whose importance those involved in care did not agree. Further development suggested is to illuminate the importance of identifying individual perceptions which may differ between different persons and could be related to cultural background. Staff need to acquire strategies so they can easily manage to encounter and offer general care to foreign‐born persons. Development must be achieved on both an organizational level and an individual level.

  • 12923. Hultsjö, Sally
    I mötet med psykvården2009In: Invandrare och Minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, Vol. oktober, no 4-5, p. 37-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Utlandsfödda svenskar kan ha en annan syn på psykiatrisk vård än svenskar födda i Sverige. Men de vill bli bemötta på samma sätt och få samma möjlighet till delaktighet som alla andra, oavsett bakgrund och språkkunskaper.

  • 12924.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Psychiatric Clinic, County Hospital, Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden; School of Health Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Mental healthcare staff's knowledge and experiences of diabetes care for persons with psychosis: a qualitative interview study2013In: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 281-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: This paper aims to explore and analyse mental healthcare staff's (MHCS) knowledge and experiences of diabetes care for persons with psychosis.

    BACKGROUND: There are a range of studies concerning the increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among persons with psychosis, and the need for healthy lifestyle interventions to prevent the illness. MHCS are often trusted and have regular follow-ups with the patients, and their attitudes and actions often play an important role for the person's care behaviour. There is still little documentation of their experiences of diabetes care.

    METHODS: A qualitative, explorative design was used, collecting data through semi-structured interviews with 12 MHCS working in psychosis outpatient care in Sweden. Data were analysed with qualitative content analysis. Findings Three categories emerged and provide a deeper understanding of how staff were aware of the risks of type 2 diabetes among their patients and therefore performed lifestyle interventions to promote these. Nevertheless, they lacked knowledge of diabetes care and simultaneously felt a lack of training among diabetes nurses to adapt diabetes care to suit persons with cognitive dysfunctions. Patients who were overconfident in their ability to manage diabetes care reported to have experienced most difficulties. Cooperation among those involved in these persons' health was considered necessary. Implications Diabetes care for persons with psychosis could improve if knowledge of type 2 diabetes was increased among MHCS and training in how to adapt diabetes care to persons with cognitive dysfunctions was enlarged among diabetes nurses. A challenge for nurses is to see how the care of different illnesses and support given by the family and others affect the persons total life situation and health. Healthcare plans and cooperation among all those involved in these persons' health is necessary for this.

  • 12925.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Linneuniversitetet, växjö.
    När olika kulturer möts2012In: Att leva med Psykisk ohälsa: Ett närståendeperspektiv / [ed] Susanne Syrén och Kim Lützén, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, 1:1, p. 140-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I mitt arbete som specialistsjuksköterska inom psykiatrisk vård möter jag personer från olika länder. Det var min osäkerhet i möten med dem som väckte mitt intresse för att få mera kunskap om hur utlandsfödda närstående upplever den psykiatriska vården och om hur de upplever sig bli hjälpta av den. Detta intresse mynnade ut i min avhandling om bemötande av utlandsfödda personer med psykossjukdom och deras familjer (Hultsjö 2009a). Kapitlet har sin grund i mina erfarenheter som psykiatrisjuksköterska, aktuell litteratur och min forskning, där jag har intervjuat närstående till personer som lever med psykisk ohälsa i samband med psykossjukdom. De var föräldrar, barn, syskon, kusiner, svägerskor och sambon i varierande ålder och som varit olika lång tid i Sverige. De kom från Asien, Afrika, Sydamerika, USA, Mellan Östern och Europa. För att i kapitlet tydliggöra vad som kan vara specifikt för utlandsfödda i övergången[1]till hälso- och sjukvården i ett annat land med andra normer och förklaringar av psykisk sjukdom, har jag fokus på kulturella olikheter, snarare än på alla de likheter som också förekommer.

    [1]Transition

  • 12926.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    et al.
    Department of Psychiatry, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö.
    Berterö, Carina
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Arvidsson, Hans
    Department of Psychology, The University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö..
    Core components in the care of immigrants with psychoses: A Delphi survey of patients, families, and health-care staff.2011In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 174-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to identify core components in the care of immigrants with psychosis in Sweden. Experts (n=43) from different perspectives (immigrants, families, and health-care staff) were assembled and used to score the importance of statements regarding components in the care for a person with psychosis in three questionnaire rounds. After each round, the opinions were consolidated and compared to identify whether consensus was reached. Consensus was reached about the importance of being treated on equal terms, regardless of country of birth. Staff interest and respect, shown in different ways of understanding, was valued. Consensus could not be reached on approximately half of the statements, of which four tended to be ranked towards unimportant. Those included that staff should have specific cultural knowledge or that the patient should be allowed to decide whether to be cared for by male or female staff. Nor was it regarded as important to identify a person's religious or ethnic background. The results illustrate the importance of fundamental psychiatric nursing, which should enable nurses to identify and meet the basic needs of all patients, regardless of country of origin. Areas for which consensus was not reached illustrate a future challenge for health-care staff to identify situations when cultural clashes could appear. Staff should have strategies to accomplish cultural negotiations to build an effective treatment alliance with the patient, as well as the family, to meet individual needs.

  • 12927. Hultsjö, Sally
    et al.
    Berterö, Carina
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Foreign-born and Swedish-born families' perceptions of psychosis care.2009In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 62-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe how foreign-born and Swedish born families living in Sweden perceive psychosis care. Eleven foreign-born and 15 Swedish-born family members were interviewed and the data were analyzed using a phenomenographic approach. The findings showed three main descriptive categories: taking responsibility, access to care, and attitudes to psychosis. The degree of responsibility in the family decreased if there was easy access to care and support from health-care staff. Knowledge of psychosis was considered to be important in order to counteract prejudiced attitudes in the family and the community. Foreign-born families did not want to be treated differently from Swedes and stressed the importance of finding ways to communicate despite communication barriers. Foreign-born families also were affected by their experiences of psychiatric care and different beliefs about psychosis in their home country. The results indicate how important it is that health-care staff members treat families on equal terms. It is necessary to take the time to identify how to communicate in a good manner and to identify families' previous experiences of and beliefs about psychosis care in order to help families face prejudice in society and to see beyond the psychosis.

  • 12928. Hultsjö, Sally
    et al.
    Berterö, Carina
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Perceptions of psychiatric care among foreign- and Swedish-born people with psychotic disorders.2007In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 279-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: This paper is a report of a study to explore different perceptions of psychiatric care among foreign- and Swedish-born people with psychotic disorders.

    BACKGROUND: Research from different countries reports a high-incidence of psychosis among migrants. The risk-factors discussed are social disadvantages in the new country. To understand and meet the needs of people from different countries, their perspective of psychiatric care must be illuminated and taken into consideration.

    METHOD: A phenomenographic study was conducted in 2005-2006 using semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of 12 foreign-born people and 10 Swedish-born people with psychosis.

    FINDINGS: Three categories were identified: personal and family involvement in care; relating to healthcare staff; and managing illness and everyday life. Foreign-born people differed from Swedish-born people in that they struggled to attain an everyday life in Sweden, relied on healthcare staff as experts in making decisions, and had religious beliefs about mental illness. Among Swedish-born people, the need for more support to relatives and help to perform recreational activities was important.

    CONCLUSION: It is important to identify individual perceptions and needs, which may be influenced by cultural origins, when caring for patients with psychosis. Previous experience of care, different ways of relating to staff, and individual needs should be identified and met with respect. Social needs should not be medicalized but taken into consideration when planning care, which illustrates the importance of multi-professional co-operation.

  • 12929. Hultsjö, Sally
    et al.
    Blomqvist, Kristina Brenner
    Health behaviors as conceptualized by individuals diagnosed with a psychotic disorder.2013In: Issues in mental health nursing, ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 9, p. 665-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe health behaviors as conceptualized by individuals diagnosed with a psychotic disorder. Data were collected by qualitative interviews (n = 20) and were analyzed using phenomenography. Mental well-being took priority over physical health and guided health behaviors. Social relations were significant, and when they proved insufficient, health care professionals were utilized as a substitute. Some relied on religion, complementary treatments, and folk beliefs for health. Interventions not dependent on mental well-being, and assisting individuals to participate in appropriate networks could have advantages. Interventions adapted to the individual's financial situation and cultural values are useful as issues related to these areas can obstruct implementation of health behaviors. Implementing the findings of this study in nursing research and education will prepare nurses to meet the varying health needs of different individuals.

  • 12930.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    et al.
    Psychiatric Clinic, County Hospital, Ryhov, Jönköping, and School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Community health-care staff's experiences of support to prevent type 2 diabetes among people with psychosis: an interview study with health staff2012In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 480-489Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe mental health staff experiences of giving support to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) among people with psychosis in community psychiatry. A qualitative interview study with a purposeful sample of 12 community health staff was conducted. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The results show how staff reported continuously supporting people with psychosis to adapt to healthy lifestyles, but stated that support is not given until after a person becomes overweight or is diagnosed with type 2 DM. Support was described as a never-ending process of motivation facing many reverses. Individually-adapted support given in practical situations was perceived as most successful. Cooperation between health-care organizations was seen as essential, but inadequate. Limitations in income and social network, and easy access to fast food and alcohol, were seen as obstacles to support. The results indicate that community health staff are in a position to make a considerable impact in motivating and supporting healthy lifestyle changes in practical situations in daily life among people with psychosis. This study raises awareness of how community health staff's support can be useful when developing nursing skills and health-care plans for people with psychosis.

  • 12931.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    et al.
    psykiatriska kliniken, Jönköpings Läns Landsting.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Mötet mellan vårdpersonal och patienter med utländsk bakgrund inom akutsjukvård i sverige.2006In: Flervetenskapliga perspektiv i migrationsforskning: Årsbok 2006 från forskningsprofilen Arbetsmarknad, Migration och Etniska relationer (AMER) vid Växjö Universitet / [ed] Katarina Hjelm, Göteborg: Intellecta Docusys, Göteborg , 2006, p. 15-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet ger en sammanfattning av vilka svårigheter vårdpersonal inom svensk akut hälso- och sjukvård stöter på i vården av personer med utländsk bakgrund.

  • 12932.
    Hultsjö, Sally M
    et al.
    Department of Psychiatry, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö.
    Organizing care for persons with psychotic disorders and risk of or existing diabetes mellitus type 22012In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 19, no 10, p. 891-902Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This literature review aimed to explore previous knowledge about specific care requirements for persons with psychotic disorders and risk of or existing type 2 diabetes. Sixteen qualitative and quantitative studies in the area were identified and summarized. The studies together indicate that mental health nurses play an important role in motivating people to perform diabetes care as they are often known to and trusted by the patients. A holistic approach to the person's health, with close follow-ups by psychiatric care and cooperation with diabetes care, may have benefits for the person with diabetes. Screening for and treating psychotic symptoms is an important task for the mental health nurse, as these symptoms drain energy from the person and prevent diabetes self-care. Lifestyle and diabetes education needs to be practical, adapted to the individual and focused on maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, changing smoking habits and preventing diabetes complications. Treatment with antipsychotic drugs increases the need for follow-ups of glycaemic control.

  • 12933. Hultsjö, Sally
    et al.
    Syren, Susanne
    Beliefs about health, health risks and health expectations from the perspective of people with a psychotic disorder.2013In: The open nursing journal, ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 7, p. 114-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To examine beliefs about health, health risks and health expectations from the perspective of people diagnosed with a psychotic disorder.

    BACKGROUND: People with psychotic disorders have a threefold higher risk of developing physical health problems than the general population, and prevention of these problems is warranted. Examining patients´ health beliefs could help deepen our understanding of how to plan successful health interventions with this group.

    METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted from November 2010 to October 2011 with 17 people with psychotic disorders. Data were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: An overall positive picture of health was found despite the fact that physical health was found to be hard to verbalize and understand. Health was mainly associated with psychological wellbeing, while health risks were found to be related to uncertain bodily identity, troublesome thoughts and inner voices, and exclusion from society. Interest in learning, and visions and goals of health seemed to increase awareness of health risks and health expectations, while not worrying could be viewed as a hindrance for health expectations.

    CONCLUSION: There is a lack of expressed awareness of physical health risks, but such awareness is fundamental to performing life-style changes [14]. Nurses thus have an important task to help patients understand and verbalize potential physical health risks, and to find out what motivates them to adopt health behaviors.

  • 12934.
    Hultström, Mattias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Stighagen, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sköld, Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Elbolag i blåsväder: Investering för att säkra eldriften2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem Efter stormen Gudrun drog över Sverige den 8 januari 2005 var en naturkatastrof ett faktum. Träd blåste ner och många skogsägare förlorade åtskilliga hektar skog. Elledningarna som sträcker sig genom den småländska skogen blev ett lätt byte för stormen. En del elbolag har valt att satsa på driftsäkerhet genom att gräva ner elledningar. Att genomföra en sådan radikal förändring av nätstrukturen skulle troligen innebära lång förberedelse och en mångmiljoninvestering.

    Syfte Syftet med denna uppsats är att söka svar på vilka faktorer Sydkraft Nät AB tar hänsyn till vid planläggande av investeringar

    Metod Utifrån syftet med uppsatsen valdes en kvalitativ metodansats med personliga intervjuer där fokuspunkter användes. Dessa var framtagna utifrån uppsatsens frågeställning med intention att uppfylla uppsatsens syfte. Vår avsikt var att granska Sydkraft Nät ABs agerande utifrån deras eget perspektiv och tolka dessa med hjälp av på området vedertagna teorier.

    Resultat Sydkraft Nät AB tar hänsyn till en rad olika faktorer vid planläggande av en inve-stering:

    • Vilken investeringstyp det är, det vill säga om ett nät behöver bytas ut/byggas ut eller så projekteras ett helt nytt nät fram.

    • Vilket syfte investeringen har.

    • Vilken sorts elledning som passar bäst till investeringens syftet.

    • Kostnader för investeringen.

    • Vilka intäkter investeringen förväntas generera.

    • Vilken nättariff som är skälig enligt Statens reglering.

  • 12935.
    Hultström, Mattias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Stighagen, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Sköld, Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    SJ - Bredbandsoperatör: En investering i tiden2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Restid är idag en stor del av många arbetande människors vardag. Storföretagens många omorganisationer har lett till att anställda har längre resor till sina arbetsplatser idag än tidigare. Fler och fler finner av denna anledning det fördelaktigt att kunna arbeta under sin restid. Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva tekniken som ligger som grund för SJs, statens järnvägars, trådlösa Internetsatsning samt att studera om SJ har gjort en väl genomtänkt ITinvestering. SJ har granskat de konsekvenser investeringen kommer att få för företaget likviditet. Effekterna beskrivs dock av SJ som ringa och hela investeringen beräknas kunna finansieras med befintligt kapital. Således söker SJ inte ytterligare kapital för genomförandet. De svårbedömda faktorerna som det är svårt att sätta värden på är SJ medvetna om. SJ har valt att inte kalkylera på några positiva eller negativa svårbedömda effekter. Detta kan således sammanfattas som att SJ har en neutral ställning till de svårbestämda effekterna. SJ har noggrant tagit ställning till de alternativa uppkopplingsmöjligheter deras kunder erbjuds. SJ har studerat och utvärderat sina konkurrenter och gjort jämförelser med andra hotspot-lösningar. Faktorer som egna 3G-kort i datorn, priset, driftsäkerheten, hastigheten, uppgraderingsmöjligheten och säkerheten för tjänsten är bara några faktorer som SJ diskuterat fram och analyserat som avgörande faktorer i framtiden. SJ har använt en nuvärdesmetod som är en allmän vedertagen kalkylmodell och väl lämpad för investeringsbedömning. Den risk som investeringen innebär för SJ har kalkylerats utifrån SJ sedvanliga kalkylränta som används till alla SJs investeringar. SJ har bestämt sig för att investeringen skall betala sig helt själv. Utöver de kalkylerade intäkterna har de svårbedömda synergieffekterna i form av ökat resande ej tagits i beaktande. I framtiden är det möjligt att SJ kommer att kunna åtnjuta ett ökat resande som indirekt kan härledas till det mervärde som denna investering medför.

    Den huvudfråga som denna uppsats skall besvara; Har SJ gjort en väl genomtänkt ITinvestering? Vår uppfattning att den investering SJ gjort är väl genomtänkt. SJ har följt samtliga steg genom investeringsprocessen på ett välstrukturerat och väl genomarbetat sätt. Hänsyn till betalningskonsekvenserna har tagits samt SJ avkastningskrav. De tekniska aspekterna har även övervägts och saknar enligt vår bedömning större begränsningar för framtiden.

  • 12936.
    Hultén, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    BIM – Hur entreprenören påverkas av Trafikverkets nya krav.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12937.
    Hultén, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    Skönlitteratur i svenskundervisningen: Svensklärares uppfattningar om skönlitteratur i svensundervisningen 2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This interview study is inspired by phenomenography and concerns the subject of fiction as a part of teaching Swedish. The study answers the questions What genres of fiction are used in teaching and to what purpose is fiction used?, What does the selection process of fiction look like? and How do the teachers view their own part in creating a desire to read among the pupils?

     

    The semi structured, qualitative interviews were carried out with teachers who teach Swedish in middle school. The interviews were transcribed and then analysed by placing them in different categories that show teachers perceptions´ concerning the three questions What genres of fiction are used in teaching and to what purpose fiction is used?, What does the selection process of fiction look like? and How do the teachers view their own part in creating a desire to read among the pupils?

    Parts of the sociocultural perspective such as scaffolding, the zone of proximal development and learning in interaction with others provide the reader with an understanding of the basis of the interviewed teachers´ practice and the curriculum. The perspective affects incorporating fiction into teaching.

     

    The different categories of perceptions that make up the result show the different perceptions that teachers who teach Swedish have concerning the three main categories: Purpose of fiction, Selection process and willingness to read. The result shows that novels constitute a genre that is over-represented in the teaching of Swedish and that genres such as poetry is completely missing. The teachers in the study view fiction as a way to escape reality, a way to achieve peace and quiet in the class and as a way to develop the pupils´ language. The results also show that the teachers choose fiction that many pupils appreciate but also that the teachers do not always make the choice of which fiction to use alone but are inspired by colleges as well as different kinds of media. Finally the results show that the teachers in the study consider that the willingness to read is created through giving the pupils tips on fiction to read, providing them with fiction and being a reading role model for the pupils. 

     

    The conclusion is that the teachers in the study have many and wide conceptions concerning fiction as a part of teaching Swedish and that fiction has a multifaceted role in teaching Swedish.

     

     

  • 12938.
    Hultén, Isabelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Lundberg, Emil
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Hur verklig är reality-tv?: En studie kring dokusåpan Paradise Hotel utifrån deltagarnas perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Realityshows and docusoaps gets more and more space in our TV-guides and are under constant debate. It is more usual nowadays that the shows are being aired on prime time than before, and the shows are constantly available on internet. Right now the show Paradise Hotel is most current and has endured a lot of criticism because of the amount of alcohol and sex it contains.

     

     

    The name of the genre, reality-TV, makes it sound like it is the reality that is reflected in the shows, but how real is actually reality-TV? How much power does the production company have over the participants and how much is the filmed material edited afterwards to attract the audience? It is questions like this we will try to give answers to in this study. Our purpose is to examine how real reality-TV is, from the participants' point of view.

     

     

    To do this we have chosen to do semi structured interviews with six participants from the reality show

    Paradise Hotel. This has been analyzed through a hermeneutic point of view.

     

     

    It's hard to give any exact answers to the questions that the study is based on because of the different opinions of the participants. Though, we found that most of the persons that we have interviewed did not apply for the show themselves, they got handpicked from the production company. Also, it is obvious

    that the participants have been assigned characters afterwards when the shot material has been edited. It is

    also clear that some of the participants are pleased with the character they have been assigned, while others are upset with how they have been changed into someone they are not. 

  • 12939.
    Hultén, Manne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Rommel Benedikt, Lukas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Goodness is the only investment that never fails": En studie om hur Volvo Cars kommunicerar CSR på sin webbplats2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, more and more companies are implementing CSR-strategies into their businesses. Although many consumers find it important that companies engage in sustainability issues, there are still not that many who are aware of who engages and how they engage. Therefore, it is essential for organizations to communicate about their CSR engagement in order to create credibility and maximize business returns. Previous research show that communicating CSR is a difficult and complicated task.

    The purpose of this thesis is to create an increased understanding in how the car manufacturer Volvo Cars communicates its CSR commitment on their corporate website. The study examines how the communication is structured based on style and message content, how often Volvo Cars communicate their economic, social and environmental commitments and how the communication is framed to various stakeholder groups based on the three motives from the triple bottom line theory. Volvo Cars is interesting to investigate in this context since the company is part of an industry that has a major impact on the environment. In addition, the company also describes itself as an active participant in sustainability-issues.

    The study has been conducted by using two qualitative and one quantitative content analysis. The data was collected from Volvo Cars landing page of sustainability and from the company's sustainability report from 2015. The data has been analyzed based on the triple bottom line-theory, the stakeholder model and a conceptual framework for CSR-communication.

    The findings of this thesis show that Volvo Cars CSR-communication is relationship building and contains a relatively complicated and “heavy” language. The company communicates its commitment about environment most often and the communication is framed very differently to various stakeholder groups.

  • 12940.
    Huma, Sergiu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Low Cost Carriers effect of entry on airfare and passenger traffic within US Airline Industry2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes how the presence of a low cost carrier is going to affect the airfares and the passenger traffic. The present structure of the US carriers market is also overviewed, in order to determine the share of incumbent carrier market power. A number of factors such as distance, number of passengers, market concentration, income, low cost presence, type of travel (leisure or not) playing an essential role in analyzing ticket fares and helped in providing a reliable outcome. Most of the findings in previous research reveal that the entry effect of a low cost carrier decreases the airfares and leads to an increase in the passenger traffic. The regressions essentially determine if the fares strategy is different taking into account the presence of a low cost carrier on a specific route. Based on fixed effects and an instrumental variable approach over 2000 to 2014 it can be concluded that the entry of low cost aviation companies do indeed diminish the airfares though at a lower level and in the same time the passenger traffic will rise due to a cut down in ticket price. Precisely, the findings of this paper according to the panel instrumental variable method reveal a 6.3% drop in airfares concomitant with a 6.7% increase in the passengers’ traffic once the entry is established.

  • 12941.
    Hummelblad, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Antonsson, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Introducering av 3D-skrivare i byggproduktionen2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: 3D-skrivartekniken har etablerat sig inom flera stora industrier och nu talas det om en introducering i byggbranschen. Branschen är känd för att vara konservativ, men en rad fördelar ses med den nya tekniken; kortare byggtider, mindre materialspill och arbetsplatser som är hälsosammare och mer säkra. Därför är det av intresse att se hur tekniken kan användas inom byggbranschen samt att se vad ett första steg skulle kunna vara. Realistiskt sett är det också viktigt att se till vilka hinder som finns för 3D-skrivarens etablering. Målet med arbetet är att konkretisera på vilka sätt 3D-skrivare kan användas inom husproduktion i byggbranschen.

    Metod: För att nå målet med studien används litteraturstudie för att ta del av tidigare forskning kring ämnet och i växelverkan utförs kvalitativa intervjuer för att få en god inblick i byggbranschens syn på 3D-skrivartekniken och dess implementering i husproduktionsstadiet. Totalt 9 personer som arbetar inom byggbranschen intervjuas.

    Resultat: 3D-skrivartekniken används i dagsläget till komplicerade gjutformar till exempelvis fasadutsmyckningar. Tekniken öppnar upp möjligheter för arkitekter. Möjligheter som på traditionellt byggnadssätt hade blivit för dyrt, för komplicerat eller helt enkelt omöjligt. Tekniken har stor potential och när tekniken kommit längre finns möjlighet att använda den i fler led inom byggproduktionen. Många fördelar ses vid användning av tekniken i prefabindustrin. Där är miljön kontrollerad och det behöver inte oroas över hur 3D-skrivare skulle klara arbetsplatsens klimat.

    Konsekvenser: Byggbranschen kommer att använda sig mer och mer av digitala verktyg och automatisering i framtiden. En rekommendation författarna har är att uppmana företag eller personer att ta del av tekniken och ligga i framkant då tekniken sprider sig i byggbranschen för att genom denna investering kunna tjäna pengar och även bidra till utveckling inom den allmänt känt konservativa byggbranschen.

    Begränsningar: Examensarbetet behandlar 3D-skrivare som skriver ut enskilda byggnadselement som sedan monteras på traditionellt vis och fokuserar på användning i den svenska byggbranschen. Intervjustudien begränsas till att intervjua en person från följande yrkesroller: affärschef, arbetschef, arbetsledare, arkitekt, forsknings och utvecklingschef, kundcenterchef, produktionschef, utvecklingschef och VD.

  • 12942.
    Hummerdal, Björn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Our Rights, Our Development: A Research about Christian Women in Egypt and Their Perception of Everyday Life2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12943.
    Hummerdal, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Gustavsson, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research.
    Att lära elever att lära sig själva: En fokusgruppsstudie om lärares föreställningar om att arbeta metakognitivt i undervisningen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka lärares föreställningar om sitt uppdrag att främja elevers metakognitiva förmåga och hur de beskriver att de arbetar för att lära elever att lära sig själva.

    I undersökningen användes fokusgruppssamtal med sammanlagt sex grundskolelärare. Då samtalen var genomförda transkriberades och sammanställdes de. Resultatet visar att lärarna beskriver uppdraget som svårt och komplicerat men att metakognition genomsyrar stora delar av undervisningen. Några av lärarna är väl medvetna om vad begreppet metakognition innebär medan andra har en vag uppfattning om vad det är. I resultatet framträder två sätt att se på elevers utvecklande av metakognitiva förmågor. Med det ena synsättet ligger ansvaret till största del på eleven själv och det finns en förväntan att förmågan ska växa fram. Med det andra synsättet ser lärarna sin egen roll som en avgörande faktor för att eleverna ska utveckla metakognitiva förmågor. Samtliga lärare ger konkreta exempel på hur de arbetar för att eleverna ska få syn på sitt lärande men de lyfter också kritiska aspekter med att arbeta metakognitivt.

  • 12944.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Albert Moran with Justin Malbon: Understanding the Global TV Format2007In: Journal of Media Business Studies, ISSN 1652-2354, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 71-73Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Book Review of 'Understanding the Global TV Format' by Albert Moran with Justin Malbon (Bristol, Intellect 2006) (ISBN 1-84150-132-8)

  • 12945.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    In Person2008In: Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, ISSN 1747-1532, Vol. 3, no 8, p. 533-533Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12946.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    International Copyright and Intellectual Property Law: Challenges for Media Content Producers2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The interaction between national and international laws, and the realities of contemporary global trade in media content in a predominantly digital environment, raise challenges, uncertainties and opportunities for media companies. When it comes to licensing, protecting and enforcing copyright and other intellectual property rights, media companies and their advisers need to understand and make use of not only national but international legal rules.

    The chapters in this book offer a variety of perspectives on the relevance of international copyright and other intellectual property regimes to media businesses. What do these international rules mean in reality, how are they taken into account in national systems, what challenges do they pose, what sort of future development are we likely to see, and what are the implications of all this for media businesses seeking to benefit from their content production in the international arena?

    The book is comprised of papers and edited transcripts of talks delivered at a symposium of the same name which took place in Stockholm, Sweden in October 2007 and which gathered together speakers from across Europe representing legal practice, academia, policy-making and media content production and distribution.

  • 12947.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    International copyright and the TV format industry2008In: International Copyright and Intellectual Property Law: Challenges for Media Content Producers, Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School , 2008, p. 71-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the limited, but growing, body of case law in various jurisdictions which has examined the question of copyright protection for TV formats. Two broad approaches can be identified on the part of the courts involved: (1) to try to draw analogies or parallels between TV formats and plays or scripted dramas; or (2) to examine the nature of the TV format on its own merits, in terms of its original and identifiable structure and fixed elements. The first approach makes it very difficult to find copyright protection; the second has borne fruit in some of the cases. One possible reason for these divergent approaches may derive from the way in which the definition in the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 1886 of copyright ‘works’ has been implemented into national legislation. Where the national legislation defines a copyright work as one of a limited list of categories, the courts have been forced to take the ‘dramatic work’-analogy approach: in other words, to try to shoe-horn TV formats into a particular pre-defined box. On the other hand, where national copyright acts have more faithfully followed the Berne Convention illustrative list, there seems to be less of an intellectual challenge in finding possible copyright protection. This paper examines whether there are patterns that can be followed and, without moving into the subsequent issue of copyright infringement, the implications for TV format producers and distributors at the licensing stage.

  • 12948.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    International Copyright and the TV Format Industry2008In: IUR-Information, Vol. 2007, no 8, p. 4-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the limited, but growing, body of case law in various jurisdictions which has addressed the question of copyright protection for TV formats. Two broad approaches can be identified on the part of the courts involved: (1) to try to draw analogies or parallels between TV formats and plays or scripted dramas; or (2) to examine the nature of the TV format on its own merits, in terms of its original and identifiable structure and fixed elements. The first approach makes it very difficult to find copyright protection; the second has borne fruit in some of the cases. One possible reason for these divergent approaches may derive from the way in which the definition in the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 1886 of copyright ‘works’ has been implemented into national legislation. Where the national legislation defines a copyright work as one of a limited list of categories, the courts have been forced to take the ‘dramatic work’-analogy approach: in other words, to try to shoe-horn TV formats into a particular pre-defined box. On the other hand, where national copyright acts have more faithfully followed the Berne Convention illustrative list, there seems to be less of an intellectual challenge in finding potential subsistence of copyright. This article looks to see whether there are patterns in the international treatment, concluding with a discussion of the Scandinavian position, as well as some commercial implications for TV format producers and distributors at the licensing stage. This article is only concerned with subsistence of copyright, and does not address infringement in any detail.

  • 12949.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Mr Chips says goodbye to reversionary interest2004In: World Copyright Law Report, no June 14 2004Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews the English case of Novello and Company Ltd v Keith Prowse Music Publishing Company Ltd (2004), the first case to consider the issue of how copyright in reversionary interests, which could not be assigned during the author's lifetime under the 1911 Copyright Act, may be assigned under later laws.

  • 12950.
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Protection for television show formats: a review of the position under English copyright law2006In: IUR-Information, no 1, p. 4-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article surveys the scope of protection for television programme formats under English intellectual property law. It discusses what is meant by a 'TV format' and the growth in this phenomenon, and looks at the requirements for being a copyright work under English law and the circumstances in which such a work will be infringed, concluding that the law in this area is at best uncertain.

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