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  • 12901.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Persson, Håkan
    ISMOD-systemets flersektormodeller av den svenska ekonomin1987Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12902.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Persson, Håkan
    Self-Organised Adjustments in a Market with Price-Setting Firms2003In: Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, ISSN 0960-0779, E-ISSN 1873-2887, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 463-475Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The model depicts a single market where firms select prices every new transaction date. The customers, who are input-purchasing firms, decide every new date how much to buy from each supplier. The optimisation decisions of customers are based non price information and are, in addition, influenced by adjustment costs associated with changing the amount ordered (purchaed) from each supplier. It is shown that such a market can have a stable equilibrium even when the product sold on the market is completely homogenous. Moreover, the solution is compatible with U-shaped decreasing and increasing costs of the supplying firms. the main result is that if transaction inertia is sufficiently strong, it will stabilise the market adjutsment process. In equilibrium the market has a self-organised structure of transactions.

  • 12903.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Persson, Håkan
    Stability in a Multi-Location Model with Interaction Inertia and Congestion Costs2001In: Journal of Applied Regional Science, no 6, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12904.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Pettersson, Arne
    A method of outcome prediction for games, with an application to duopolistic competition1976Report (Other academic)
  • 12905.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pettersson, Arne
    Välfärdsteori och politiskt beslutsfattande: välfärdsanalytiska metoder - historia, relevans och utvecklingsmöjligheter1971Book (Other academic)
  • 12906.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Quigley, John
    Agglomeration and Networks in Spatial Economies2004In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 83, no 1, p. 165-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the parallel developments in the economics of agglomeration and the economics of networks. We explore the complementarities betwen the productivity benefits of agglomeration and those of network linkages, arguing that networks of actors dispersed over space may substitute for agglomeration of actors at a single point.

  • 12907.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Roy, John R
    A model of trade flows in differentiated goods1993In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 95-115Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12908.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ryder Olsson, Amy
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Lööf, Hans
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Firm Location, Corporate Structure and Innovation2009In: Entrepreneurship and Innovations in Functional Regions / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Roger R. Stough, Börje Johansson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009, p. 77-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12909.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Snickars, Folke
    Byggsektorns långtidsutredning1989In: Plan, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 292-296Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12910.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Snickars, Folke
    Conservation and Fuel Switching in Sweden1985In: Large-scale energy projects: assessment of regional consequences : an international comparison of experiences with models and methods, Amsterdam: North-Holland , 1985Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12911.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Snickars, Folke
    Development of Gas Deposits in Western Siberia1985In: Large-scale energy projects: assessment of regional consequences : an international comparison of experiences with models and methods, Amsterdam: North-Holland , 1985Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12912.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Snickars, Folke
    Infrastruktur: byggsektorn i kunskapssamhället1992Book (Other academic)
  • 12913.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Snickars, Folke
    Jämnare byggande och jämnare prisutveckling1989In: Jämnare byggplanering - men hur?, Stockholm: Bostadsdepartementet , 1989Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12914.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Snickars, Folke
    Large-Scale Introduction of Energy Supply Systems: Issues, Methods, and Models in Some National-Regional Impact Evaluations in Sweden1982Report (Other academic)
  • 12915.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Snickars, Folke
    Modelling Economic Dynamics of a Knowledge-Intensive Metropolis1988In: Sistemi Urbani, ISSN 0393-5493, Vol. 1, p. 63-91Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12916.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Snickars, Folke
    Ömsesidiga beroenden mellan transportsystem: planering, beslut och värderingsmetoder2001Report (Other academic)
  • 12917.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Strömquist, Ulf
    Arbetsområden med industri i svenska tätorter: utvecklingsförlopp och samhällsplanering1979Report (Other academic)
  • 12918.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Strömquist, Ulf
    Byggherrar: efterfrågan och effektivitet1977Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12919.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Strömquist, Ulf
    Investeringsmönster och strukturförändring: svensk tillverkningsindustri i ett internationellt perspektiv1981In: Ekonomisk debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12920.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Strömquist, Ulf
    Regional rigidities in the process of economic structural development1981In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, E-ISSN 1879-2308, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 363-375Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12921.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Strömquist, Ulf
    Stockholmsregionen: Sveriges tillväxtcentrum2002In: Stockholmsregionen: 50 år av regionplanering : 1952-2002, Stockholm: Regionplane- och trafikkontoret , 2002Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12922.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Strömquist, Ulf
    Teknikspridningsprojektet: Teknikspridning och importsubstitution : Stockholmsregionens roll för svensk teknikförnyelse1986Report (Other academic)
  • 12923.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Strömquist, Ulf
    Vinster och sysselsättning i svensk industri: en strukturanalys av Sveriges industri 1969-77 : utredning från Statens industriverk1980Book (Other academic)
  • 12924.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Westin, L
    Revealing Network Properties of Sweden's Trade with Europe1994In: Moving frontiers: economic restructuring, regional development, and emerging networks, Aldershot: Avebury , 1994Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12925.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Westin, L
    Revealing Network Properties of Sweden's Trade with Europe1994In: Patterns of a network economy, Berlin: Springer , 1994Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12926.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Westin, Lars
    Affinities and frictions of trade networks1994In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 243-261Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12927.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Westin, Lars
    Affinities and network attributes in Sweden's trade with Europe1993Report (Other academic)
  • 12928.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Westin, Lars
    Technical change, location and trade1987Report (Other academic)
  • 12929.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Westin, Lars
    Technical Change, Location and Trade1987In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 62, no 1, p. 13-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12930.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wigren, Rune
    Production milieu and competitive advantages1996In: Infrastructure and the complexity of economic development, Berlin: Springer , 1996, p. 187-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12931.
    Johansson, Camilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Hultqvist, Tabita
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Köpprocessen via en mobilanpassad webbshop ur användarens perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The e-commerce is increasing and more consumers choose to shop with their phone. A study made by Episerver shows that 90 percent of all people surf on their phone but only 19 percent buy with their phone. The main reasons are technical problems, difficulties, limited access to information and registers that requires many steps. There is a high risk that a user will leave the website if they experience it complicated.

    There are general principles of design for websites to create good design and Google Analytics is used to analyse how a user navigates on the website. But the navigation does not describe why the user navigates in a certain way. Even though the general principles of design are being used users still experience websites complicated and decides to leave. To get a better understanding of the users experience of the website it is important to do a qualitative study.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how a user experience the usability and design during a buying process on a mobile webshop within fashion.

    Method – In order to achieve the purpose of this study, a small-N study has been conducted on three webshops. A case study has also been conducted that included an observation and an interview with six participants.

    Findings – The study shows that all three reviewed webshops are designed responsive. Recognized icons, such as the burger menu, the cart and the magnifying glass for search function are used. Color contrasts and contrast in typography against background, hierarchy and whitespace.  All webshops uses progressive disclosure to conceal information and compress content.  Confirmations by emphasizing are used. Frustration and confusion appeared in the case study during several parts of the buying process. The frustrating parts are: unexpected events and pop-up boxes that interrupt the process, the missing alternative to filter products with patterns in the filtration function or chosen sizes of clothes in the filtration function that do not follow through the process. Buttons were difficult to press because of the size of it or its placement. The user also got confused on how to use the navigation when several of the categories were merged and when the same words had different meaning in different words were used in different webshops. The study also shows that the user experience that the search function was easy and effective to use. At last the user experienced the scroll positive if the website is not too long.

    Implications –  The result of this study shows the importance of mapping the user’s perception of the website to be able to develop and offer a positive experience on the website during the buying process. The webshop therefore should focus on optimizing the interaction by following the User Interface Guidelines for applications and perform qualitative studies with the users to meet future needs as mobile usage increases.

    Limitations – The result of this study is limited to webshops in Sweden. The design and perception of the webshop can differ from other countries. If the mobile websites and the usability changes fast and with major changes, the lifetime of this study might be limited.

  • 12932.
    Johansson, Carina S
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Hildebrand, C
    Povlsen, B
    Anatomy and developmental chronology of the rat inferior alveolar nerve1992In: Anatomical Record, ISSN 0003-276X, E-ISSN 1097-0185, Vol. 234, no 1, p. 144-152Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12933.
    Johansson, Carina S
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Stenström, M
    Hildebrand, C
    Target influence on aging of myelinated sensory nerve fibres1996In: Neurobiology of Aging, ISSN 0197-4580, E-ISSN 1558-1497, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 61-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12934.
    Johansson, Carita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ekblom, Mia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Man är rädd om allting, ungefär: - tio förskolebarns uppfattningar om att arbeta med Grön Flagg.2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Grön Flagg är en utmärkelse som i Sverige finns på cirka 2000 förskolor/skolor, där syftet är att utveckla och synliggöra arbetet för Hållbar utveckling. I tidigare examensarbeten har det undersökts om förskollärares upplevelser och uppfattningar av vad Grön Flagg är och bör vara i verksamheten. Vi har istället undersökt Grön Flagg-verksamheten utifrån tio barns upplevelser och beskrivningar.

    Sammanfattningsvis visar resultatet att barnen främst associerar Grön Flagg till sopor och källsortering och de anser att detta är viktigt för att djur och natur inte ska ta skada. De flesta av barnen uttryckte att det är roligt att arbeta utifrån Grön Flagg, och de gav många konkreta exempel på förskolans aktiviteter samt sina egna handlingar i vardagen. Studien visar att barnen överlag diskuterar inom fyra olika teman; kompostering, källsortering, naturruta och omsorg till djur. Undersökningen har även visat att barnens erfarenheter av Grön Flagg kan delas in i känslomässiga upplevelser och moraliska ståndpunkter, då de ofta ger exempel på regler på vad som är och inte är tillåtet att göra i naturen.

  • 12935.
    Johansson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Lund.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West.
    Growth of Ecological Production in the Agricultural Sector2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: spatial dispersed production and network governance : papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: Department of Economics and IT, University West , 2008, p. 359-372Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12936.
    Johansson, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonals kunskap om karies samt vilken patientinformation som ges om oral hälsa i möten med barn och ungdomar med astma.: En pilotstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: För att främja en god oral och allmän hälsa så har nationella och internationella mål utarbetats. Ett sätt för att uppnå målen kan vara att samarbeta och samverka mellan olika yrkeskategorier.

    Syfte: Syftet för studien var att undersöka hälso- och sjukvårdspersonals kunskap om oral hälsa vid astma hos barn och ungdomar.

    Resultat: Totalt besvarade trettiosju personer enkäten. Hälften av deltagarna svarar att astmasjukdom innebär en ökad risk för försämrad munhälsa. Resultatet visar att patientinformationen som ges av hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalen främst innehåller information om medicinering, lungfunktion och den allmänna hälsan. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor i lägre grad än läkare innefattar oral hälsa i sin patientinformation. Resultatet uppvisar både kunskap och okunskap för kliniska symptom, tecken, åtgärder och behandlingar aktuella vid karies och muntorrhet. Hälften av deltagarna ser vikten av mer kunskap om oral hälsa.

    Slutsats: Läkare och sjuksköterskor har delvis kunskap om de orala hälsoriskerna som finns. Samverkan mellan tandvård och hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal kan resultera i gemensamt preventiva åtgärder som främjar oral hälsa hos barn och ungdomar med astma. En undersökning i en större population förordas för att kunna generalisera resultatet.

     

  • 12937.
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Mekanisk anpassningsenhet enklaste lösningen på positioneringsproblematiken1981Other (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 12938.
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Robots in flexible assembly1985In: Proc. of CIRP, Brno, Tjeckoslovakien, 1985, 1985Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12939.
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Some problems in assembling with industrial robot1980In: Proc. of the Conference Assembly Automation, Brighton, England 1980, 1980Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12940.
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Subassembly of gear shaft by industrial robot1980In: Proc. of the 10th International Symposium on Industrial Robots, Milan, Italy, 1980, 1980Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12941.
    Johansson, Christer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Bergenkull, Mattias
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Gearwheel® – FEM-analys i ABAQUS samt designförslag för växlat rullstolsnav2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This master thesis considers the analysis and calculation of a modified bicycle hub, intended for a wheelchair, including design and material suggestions for the wheel.

    The initial hub was a common bicycle hub, which had been worked on to accommodate the demands of a wheelchair user. The bicycles function of free wheel is not desirable and therefore taken out of the construction. The goal of the principal Gearwheel AB is to design a wheel, where nothing else differs from the current, than the gearing system. The feel of the wheel should be identical to the current regarding the geometry, play and vibration of the grip ring.

    The gear wheel hub was assumed to be over dimensioned, and therefore analysis’s for each gear was modelled and calculated using ABAQUS. This was done for the purpose of finding alternative materials and reconstructions to minimize the weight of the hub. This was of great interest of the company for selling purposes. The hub is undoubtedly adding weight to the wheel compared to an ordinary wheel with just a single axle.

    The calculations however showed that the torque affecting the gear parts did not differ much from the bicycle, which meant that material’s strength could not be changed to a greater extent. This restricted the material choice to materials similar to the existing stainless steel or titanium. Titanium, however, is an expensive and exclusive material and the use of it was considered limited.

    The possibility of alternative materials was found in the cover of the hub, for the reason of lower strength demands than the inner parts of the hub. Therefore design suggestions were made for the entire wheel according to the common product development theories.

  • 12942.
    Johansson, Christer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Gröndahl, Peter
    An Analysis and Decision Method for Design of Customer Oriented Manufacturing Systems – A Possible Approach2002In: Seventh International Conference on Manufacturing & Management. Bangkok, Nov. 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12943.
    Johansson, Christer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Karlsson, Lennart
    Aktiva och passiva inpassningsdon1983Report (Other academic)
  • 12944.
    Johansson, Christer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Karlsson, Lennart
    Verktyg och gripdon vid flexibel automatisk montering1983Report (Other academic)
  • 12945.
    Johansson, Christer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Mårtensson, Nils
    Grippers Tools and Fixtures for Flexible Automatic Assembly1985In: CIRP, Vol 34/1, 1985, Palermo, Italien, 1985Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12946.
    Johansson, Christer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Mårtensson, Nils
    Robots in Flexible Assembly1987In: Robotics, ISSN 0167-8493, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 41-46Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12947.
    Johansson, Christian
    et al.
    NODA, Karlshamn, Sweden.
    Bergkvist, Markus
    NODA, Karlshamn, Sweden.
    Geysen, Davy
    EnergyVille, Genk, Belgium.
    De Somer, Oscar
    EnergyVille, Genk, Belgium.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Vanhoudt, Dirk
    EnergyVille, Genk, Belgium.
    Operational Demand Forecasting In District Heating Systems Using Ensembles Of Online Machine Learning Algorithms2017In: 15TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON DISTRICT HEATING AND COOLING (DHC15-2016) / [ed] Ulseth, R, Elsevier, 2017, p. 208-216Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Heat demand forecasting is in one form or another an integrated part of most optimisation solutions for district heating and cooling (DHC). Since DHC systems are demand driven, the ability to forecast this behaviour becomes an important part of most overall energy efficiency efforts. This paper presents the current status and results from extensive work in the development, implementation and operational service of online machine learning algorithms for demand forecasting. Recent results and experiences are compared to results predicted by previous work done by the authors. The prior work, based mainly on certain decision tree based regression algorithms, is expanded to include other forms of decision tree solutions as well as neural network based approaches. These algorithms are analysed both individually and combined in an ensemble solution. Furthermore, the paper also describes the practical implementation and commissioning of the system in two different operational settings where the data streams are analysed online in real-time. It is shown that the results are in line with expectations based on prior work, and that the demand predictions have a robust behaviour within acceptable error margins. Applications of such predictions in relation to intelligent network controllers for district heating are explored and the initial results of such systems are discussed.

  • 12948.
    Johansson, Christian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lext, Carl-Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Corruption and Income Inequality: A study of the impact from different legal systems2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines the relationship between corruption and income inequalities and whether if a countries legal system has any impact. Our contribution in this paper was to seek for significant indications by dividing the world`s countries into segments.

    Information on the subject of both corruption and income inequalities that is used in this thesis are from several well-cited authors. Data was collected for countries that had suffi- cient data for the GINI coefficient and the corruption index, and where the total ended up to be 99 countries. As a measure for Corruption we used the Corruption Perception Index (CPI), which is gathered by Transparency International and is the far broadest index availa- ble as per today. Important to take into account is the difficulty of gathering accurate and high qualitative data on the subject of corruption, as it is illegal and often of hidden nature. So therefore the interest in this paper has been the perceived level of corruption in any country, which makes the CPI fit our model the best.

    For the GINI coefficient, which is a measure of income inequality, data has been collected from the World Income Inequality Database 2 (WIID2).

    We used a Weighted Least Square (WLS) regression method throughout the paper. One of the reasons for a WLS regression among others was to deal with our heteroscedasticity. In order to get a balanced dataset and to avoid short-run fluctuations the regressions are based on a five-year average between the years 2002 and 2006.

    What we find is significant result measuring the CPI against GINI. By using the WLS method we had good results in the values of R2 and Std. Error of the Estimate. When in- cluding the dummy variables such as French, Scandinavian, Socialist or English, none of these dummies showed any significant results. However, we found significant results when all cases were tested individually between the CPI and the GINI coefficient for each specif- ic segment. 

  • 12949.
    Johansson, Christine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Caldana, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Företagsvärdering2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie kan ses som en introduktion till ämnet företagsvärdering då vi presenterar en förenklad sammanfattning av hur en värdering går till. Syftet med denna studie är att presentera teori och praktik inom företagsvärdering. Vi vill undersöka om den teoretiska läran inom ämnet följer praktiken. För att kunna genomföra denna undersökning har vi intervjuat personer som i sin yrkesroll sysslar med värdering av företag och gjort en studie av Swedbanks årsredovisningar.

  • 12950.
    Johansson, Christofer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Bergström, Gustaf
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Springboarding : A study of Swedish SMEs established in Singapore2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: For Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SME), international expansion is important strategy for growth. However, considering the facts that SMEs often are characterized by limited personal and financial resources, and that new international markets pose challenges in terms of differences in for instance culture, language and political systems, international expansion is a risky business. We argue that there might be an easier way for SMEs to enter challenging markets and regions through establishing in a springboard country. Such a country is characterized by a possibility to in a westernized context accumulate learning about countries in the rest of the region and also to develop and utilize networks. At the moment, Asia is a rapid developing region and is expected to contribute with two thirds of the world’s GDP in 2050. Hence, the Asian region provides immense opportunities for companies, however particularly for SMEs, also severe challenges. We argue that Swedish SMEs could learn how to overcome these challenges establishing in the westernized Singapore, hence finding an easier way when entering more difficult Asian countries.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explore the phenomenon of SMEs expanding their international activities via a springboard country. This will be done by studying how Swedish SMEs perceive that their establishment in Singapore has affected (1) the development of their networks with other actors in the Asian region, and (2) their accumulation of knowledge and experience regarding doing business in Asia.

    Method: In order to fulfil the purpose, we have conducted a qualitative multiple case study including seven Swedish SMEs that are established in Singapore. We have primarily used semistructured telephone interviews for our data collection.

    Conclusion: We found that there is support for the existence of the Springboarding phenomena. We can conclude that Swedish SMEs, by being established in Singapore, can develop and utilize their networks as well as gaining general market knowledge of other countries in the Asian region. We can also see tendencies regarding how these benefits associated with the Singapore establishment can decrease the perceived uncertainties of doing business in other more difficult Asian counties.

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