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  • 12851.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Minichilli, Allessandro
    Bocconi Universitt, Italy.
    Financial performance and non‐family CEO turnover in private family firms under different conditions of ownership and governance2017In: Corporate governance: An International Review, ISSN 0964-8410, E-ISSN 1467-8683, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 312-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manuscript Type: Empirical 

    Research Question/Issue

    Family firms, as insider-controlled companies, should be less likely to exhibit CEO turnover after poor performance and may thus promote enhanced focus on long-term goals. However, when a non-family CEO is in charge, the relatively limited empirical evidence is contrasting. Some studies find that only family CEOs are immune from the threat of dismissal following poor financial performance, while other studies show that family firms discipline their CEOs for poor financial performance regardless of their family status. In this work, we try to reconcile these contrasting findings and investigate what ownership and governance conditions influence the owners’ pressure on the CEO to achieve short-term financial results.

    Research findings/insights

    Drawing on a longitudinal dataset that covers the entire population of Italian medium and large family companies, we find that when family ownership is concentrated in the hands of few family shareholders or there is a low number of family members involved in the board of directors, non-family CEOs are less likely to be dismissed after poor performance.

    Theoretical/Academic Implications

    Our study, adopting the behavioral agency theory as the guiding framework, highlights the importance for governance decisions of the potential goal divergence among principals in closely held ownership structures. Our results also add to the still scant literature on the relationship between family owners and non-family CEOs.

    Practitioner/Policy Implications

    Our research suggests that, in the decision to hire a non-family CEO, family business owners should not only assess their gaps in managerial skills but also carefully consider the ownership structure and family involvement conditions. On the side of professional non-family managers, our results offer insights on ways to address the employment relationship with the controlling family.

  • 12852.
    Visser, Arold
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Lu, Daniella
    Jönköping University.
    Incumbent leaders and their effect on the successor generation in family business SME's2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12853.
    Vithanage, Radeeka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Oyuntugs, Solongo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Internationalization of Family Firms: The effect of family-specific resourceson internationalization decisions2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sweden is known for encouraging entrepreneurship where 99.9% of the business organizations are SMEs. Including Sweden, several other countries in the world provide significant importance to family firms, as their contribution is noteworthy to the global economy. Due to numerous reasons such as globalization and growth aspects, FSMEs are forced to gain competitive advantage through international diversification. Internationalization of FSMEs can be influenced by unique characteristics of family firms.Purpose: Internationalization is a process where the decision of internationalization can be affected by several factors including resources. Among unique characteristics of family firms, FSMEs also possess family-specific resources that may influence these decisions. Hence the purpose of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding on which and how family-specific resources influence internationalization decisions.Method: With the use of a single case study method, we gained valuable insight of a Swedish candy manufacturing family firm which engaged in internationalization successfully. The data was collected through in-depth interviews, observations, company website, published press interviews, press articles and other databases.Conclusion: Internationalization can be a daunting decision for family firms where availability of resources play a major role. The key family-specific resources that influenced the decision of internationalization of the family firm studied in this thesis were bridging social capital, human capital and governance capital. The remaining capitals may have contributed to the internationalization process. Other than the family-specific resources, factors such as generational change and ability to gain substantial financial support in further influenced their internationalization decisions. These findings likewise confirm the existence of heterogeneity of family firms which makes them unique.

  • 12854.
    Vitija, Majlinda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Ingabire, Darlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    En vinjettstudie om etnicitetens betydelse i socialsekreterares bedömningar av unga lagöverträdare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that ethnicity can have an impact in social worker’s assessments. Despite this, research is relatively limited when it comes to the subject of the influence of ethnicity in child health investigations, particularly in assessments of juvenile offenders. The purpose of this study is to investigate if and how social worker’s assessments of juvenile offenders differ based on the ethnicity of the youth. This issue is essential in today's society, as Sweden is characterized by a multi-culture and a variety of ethnicities. To achieve the purpose of the study, two vignette surveys were designed where the only difference was the name of youth. In one vignette the youth had a Swedish name (Adam) and in the second vignette the youth had a name linked to a foreign name (Amir). The vignettes were sent in the form of a web survey to social workers who are active in the child and youth care of social services. The vignette surveys were answered by 25 social workers, of which 12 treated the survey on Adam and 13 the survey on Amir. The results show that there aren’t any statistically significant differences in social worker’s assessments based on youth ethnicity. However, there is a statistically significant difference between the age of social workers in relation to the estimation of concern in particularly one aspect of the youth life. The results have been linked to previous research in the field and to theoretical starting points from social constructivism, street-level bureaucracy, categorizations and stereotypes.

  • 12855.
    Vllasalija, Etrit
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Factors affecting municipal debt2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12856.
    Vogel, Maria A.
    et al.
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Enell, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Staten och kapitalet: Om Statens institutionsstyrelses roll på barnavårdsmarknaden2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs & Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 83-205Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12857.
    Volkers, Gerardus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Oostveen, Bartholomeus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    External guest speakers, Curse or Blessing?: A study on external guest speakers and the personal fables they carry out, to see if, and mainly how, they can establish collective sense-making and centring within an organizational context.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of the paper is to explain how executives can make effective use of fables provided by external guest speakers to create a situation of collective sense-making and centring, based on the story used in a policy making context of a private, Dutch for-profit organization ( fictitiously called Con-Zelo recruitment agency in this article ).

     

    Design/methodology/approach The approach involved collecting and analyzing the ‘Swimming for gold’ fable as part of seven months phenomenological and symbolic study, to confirm organizational sense, identify categorized themes and analyze the process of creation. In which co-author Volkers, as a former member, had access to the organization and familiarity with the organization its history.

     

    Findings The findings emphasize that both fables and myths can in fact establish organizational sense and centring based on categorized themes. Most important is that fables shared by an external guest speaker should not be considered as a singular event, but as start of a process; a true vehicle for collective sense-making and centring. Organizations can then do so through changes and alignment in all five types of cultural artifacts.

     

    Originality/value This paper provides additional value by bridging the gap between theory and practice. Besides illustrating that fables do in fact contain the power to promote a particular point of view, specific meaning and or values and therewith establish organizational sense and centring. This study includes the documentation and cultural analysis of the fable, and illustrates the fable as a vehicle or process for collective sense-making and centring. Furthermore, the suggested fable-stretching model is a so called ‘soup-to-nuts’ approach that can serve as a blue-print for organizational researchers and change agents interested in using external guest speakers and the personal fables they carry out, to establish collective sense-making and centring within an organizational context. 

  • 12858.
    von Briel, Frederik
    et al.
    School of Management, QUT Business School, QUT, Brisbane, Australia.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research, QUT Business School, QUT, Brisbane, Australia.
    Recker, Jan
    Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences, University of Cologne, Germany.
    Digital Technologies as External Enablers of New Venture Creation in the IT Hardware Sector2018In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 47-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop theory about how and when digital technologies enable new venture creation processes. We identify two fundamental properties of digital technologies-specificity and relationality-and develop propositions that link these properties to six enabling mechanisms: compression, conservation, expansion, substitution, combination, and generation. We use the linked properties and mechanisms to determine how and when in the venture creation process-from prospecting to developing to exploiting-digital technologies have enabled start-ups in the IT hardware sector and develop stage-dependent propositions about their sector-level effects. We conclude our theorizing by discussing its implications beyond digital technologies and the IT hardware sector.

  • 12859.
    von Briel, Frederik
    et al.
    QUT Business School, Australia.
    Recker, Jan
    Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research, QUT Business School, Australia.
    Not all digital venture ideas are created equal: Implications for venture creation processes2018In: Journal of strategic information systems, ISSN 0963-8687, E-ISSN 1873-1198, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 278-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital ventures are formed around ideas that have digital artifacts at their core. We develop theory that explains how the composition of digital artifacts influences venture creation processes. First, we develop propositions that link differences in the embodiment and coupling of digital artifact components to tensions in venture creation process inputs, behaviors, and outputs. Second, we link compositional differences in digital artifacts to differences in venture creation process initiation, duration, and outcome. Our theorizing establishes a foundation for future research on digital artifacts within and beyond entrepreneurship contexts, and for future research on entrepreneurship within and beyond digital artifact contexts. 

  • 12860.
    von Essen, Johan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Svedberg, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Folk i rörelse: medborgerligt engagemang 1992-20142015Report (Other academic)
  • 12861.
    von Gertten, Jens
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Ansvarsbrotts relation till borgenärsskyddsregler: En undersökning av ansvarsgenombrott och borgenärsskyddsregler under olika lagstiftningsregimer2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Framställningen behandlar aktiekapitalets och värdeöverföringsreglers funktion som borgenärsskydd ur ett internationellt perspektiv med tyngdpunkt på Common Law jurisdiktioner. Ansvarsgenombrottsinstitutet, i ett internationellt sammanhang, har även en central funktion i framställningen då otillräckliga borgenärsskyddsregler lämnar borgenärer med att ansöka om ansvarsgenombrott som en sista utväg för att bli ersatta.

    Inledningsvis kommer teorin och lagstiftningen bakom dels aktiekapital och värdeöverföringsregler, dels ansvarsgenombrott att behandlas för att ge läsaren de förutsättningar som behövs för de mer analytiska delarna av framställningen.

    Detta kommer följas av statistik avseende frekvensen av ansvarsgenombrott i de två mest centrala jurisdiktionerna i framställningen, Storbritannien och Nya Zeeland. Jurisdiktionerna är av intresse då de har haft ett snarlikt ursprung men har sedermera tillämpat två väsentligen olika rättsordningar angående aktiekapital och värdeöverföringar. Storbritannien som är bundet av EG rättslig lagstiftning har tillämpat rättsregler avseende borgenärsskydd vilka härstammar från det andra bolagsdirektivet. Samtidigt har Nya Zeeland tillämpat rättsregler som härstammar från den amerikanska Model Business Corporation Act. Statistikens syfte är att på-visa eventuella skillnader i frekvensen av ansvarsgenombrott i och med införandet av de nya rättsreglerna i respektive jurisdiktion i relation till de tidigare väldigt likartade.

    En analys kommer sedermera företas i två steg där det första steget innefattar de teoretiska delarna av framställningen analyseras och de olika lagstiftningsregimer som tillämpas på aktiekapital, värdeöverföringsregler samt ansvarsgenombrott kommer att jämföras. Analysens andra del kommer behandla den framtagna statistiken och kommer in-nehålla en analys av varje undersökt jurisdiktion för sig där de faktorer som kan ha påverkat det erhållna resultatet behandlas.

    Detta följs av en jämförelse mellan resultaten från de två jurisdiktionerna vilket kan sägas utgöra kärnan av framställningen och ger ett svar på vilka eventuella skillnader de två olika lagstiftningsregimer som har antagits innebär och vilken som är att anse som mest adekvat avseende borgenärsskyddsaspekter.

    Slutligen kommer en slutsats där samtlig framkommen fakta och resultat i analysen sammanfattas och författarens åsikt om vilket system som är att anse som mest förmånligt även kommer att presenteras.

  • 12862. Von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Inst. for Intl. Mgmt. Development, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    A perspective on knowledge, competence and strategy1995In: Personnel review, ISSN 0048-3486, E-ISSN 1758-6933, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 56-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the idea that competencies are underlying sustainable competitive advantages is central, there has been no thorough investigation into the very nature of competencies in the strategic management literature. Theories on the sociology of knowledge are used to advance the resource-based perspective of the firm into a coherent perspective of competencies. The implications on sustainable competitive advantages are discussed, by focusing on the processes of imitation of competencies in different social contexts. It is proposed that the emergent competence-based perspective of the firm has several important implications for management research and theory building.

  • 12863. Von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Intl. Inst. for Mgmt. Development, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    A tale of the unfinished1996In: Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, E-ISSN 1097-0266, Vol. 17, no 9, p. 729-737Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the work of Prahalad and Bettis (1986, 1995), the objective of this article is to generate dialogue for further understanding of the concept of dominant logic. Our focus is on the level of basic assumptions. First, we demonstrate the conceptual plasticity of 'dominant logic. ' Then, we retrofit two relatively unknown concepts - self-reference and scale-with the concept of dominant logic, with its 1995 meaning. Finally, we discuss three implications of our venture.

  • 12864. Von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    IMD, International Institute for Management Development, Switzerland.
    Conversation management1995In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 390-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies communicate internally through their own phrases and concepts - their own language. The local meaning of that language is very difficult to transpose into another company's language and culture. Georg von Krogh and Johan Roos point out that many businesses are careless in their use of language and internal conversations - yet nothing is of more importance to the company's strategy. These authors urge managers to develop their own internal company lexicon of language since language and knowledge development are interdependent. Most companies have mastery of operational conversations, but not of strategic conversations. This article sets out guidelines for managing and developing strategic conversations which are directed towards the future of the company. © 1995.

  • 12865. von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Norwegian School of Management.
    "Knowledge in organizations, knowledge transfer and cooperative strategies" A word from the guest editors1994In: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 331-335Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12866. von Krogh, G
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Norwegian School of Management.
    Slocum, K
    An essay on corporate epistemology1994In: Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, E-ISSN 1097-0266, Vol. 15, p. 53-71Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this essay is to contribute to a new perspective of strategic management by developing a new theory of organizational knowledge. The article focuses on how managers can understand and guide knowledge development processes in organizations. Our epistemology broadens strategic management to also include the advancement activities of the organization. In addition to discussing development of organizational knowledge, the essay also emphasises fundamental consequences for research methodology.

  • 12867.
    von Lüttichau, Max
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Villmann, Chris
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Governance in Small Family Firms: Laying the Groundwork in a Swedish Study2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The governance field is well studied. However, small family firms do not receive their fair amount of coverage, despite their importance. In this work the field of governance in small family firms is qualitatively explored, using a sample of eight Swedish firms with a total of ten interview partners. Using a Constructivist Grounded Theory, informed by previous literature, we find nine key themes characterizing governance in small family firms: (1) Ownership & Board, (2) Holding Company, (3) Advisor & External Help, (4) Responsibility, (5) Formality, (6) Informality, (7) Conflict, (8) Succession and (9) Discussion & Conversation. Our findings suggest that all small family businesses employ some form of governance, however, this is not always recognized as such in previous literature, showing that corporate governance is too narrowly defined. We also investigate why governance structures are (not) implemented and how this is done. In connection to this, we visualize the factors influencing whether or not a small family firm implements formal governance structures. Additionally, we discuss what actually makes a family firm small. We contribute by investigating governance concepts in another context, namely the one of small family businesses, and seeing to what extent they hold up. The work allows us to conclude that some findings confirm existing theory, while others question it or cannot be found therein at all. 

  • 12868.
    Vong, Amy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Hellberg, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Melander, Joanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Why Do Consumers Avoid Certain Brands?: A Study of Brand Avoidance Within the Swedish Cosmetics Industry2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background - As of today, the positive forms of consumer-brand relationships have been intensively researched, whereas its counterpart has attained far less attention. Whilst current literature is focused on increasing positive brand equity, the knowledge of negative brand equity is sparse. When the brand-consumer relationship is negatively affected and the brand equity is unfavourable, rejection of a specific brand, namely brand avoidance might occur. This may affect companies negatively if not managed properly. Therefore, brand avoidance is a phenomenon demanding further research.

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate, and gain a deeper understanding of the underlying reasons of why consumers engage in brand avoidance within the Swedish cosmetics industry for women. 

    Method – In this cross-sectional study with an underlying qualitative and abductive research approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted utilising a convenience sampling approach that also incorporated characteristics of snowball sampling. The participants, 18 Swedish female cosmetics consumers, were interviewed face-to-face or over Skype.

    Findings - This study has validated the main drivers of brand avoidance: Experience-, Identity-, Moral-, Deficit-Value- and Advertising. Furthermore, it confirmed that the reasons for engaging in brand avoidance could be intertwined and are highly individual, making it nearly impossible to generalise. Moreover, four new factors behind brand avoidance were found: Product Attributes, Employee-Brand Relationship, Ethical Concerns and Negative WoM. Lastly, the motive Food Favoritism was found to apply not only to food products, but also to cosmetic products. Finally, the findings resulted in a modified framework of factors behind brand avoidance.

  • 12869.
    Vong, Amy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Stax, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Uncovering the Motivations for Creating Brand-Related UGC on Instagram: A Study within the Apparel Industry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The emergence of the Web 2.0 has enabled users to create and distribute content on social media platforms. As consumers depend increasingly on each other when gathering and evaluating information, they are becoming influential on brand activities by producing UGC and eWoM. As this represents a cost-efficient marketing practice for brands, they are seeking ways to leverage the creation of positive brand-related UGC.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to explore motivations for brand-related UGC creation on Instagram in the apparel industry.

    Method

    The study is explorative with a grounded theory inspired research strategy, and an abductive approach. A total of 20 participants were included in semi-structured interviews using IM. The participants, who all had posted brand-related pictures on Instagram, were selected purposely through Instagram itself, and were German or Swedish. Inspired by a grounded theory strategy, data collection and analysis proceeded simultaneously with the aid of a deductively developed preliminary model and a qualitative content analysis method. New insights were found inductively through the interviews, leading to the development and revision of the preliminary model.

    Findings and Conclusion

    The findings demonstrate that motivations for UGC creation are rooted in three dimensions, namely personal, social, and brand-related dimensions, all comprising of several categories of motivations with their respective sub-categories. Remarkably, the brand itself appears to be a greater motivation for UGC creation than previously expected. The results further indicate a strong interconnectivity between the three dimensions.

    Contributions

    This research provides a conceptual framework of motivations for UGC creation. It contributes with knowledge for marketing practitioners, as the model can be used to generate more effective marketing strategies on social media, suggesting them to incorporate the three dimensions of personal, social and brand-related motivations to trigger high levels of consumer engagement in relation with the brand.

  • 12870.
    Voorbij, Priscilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Handbaek, Filip
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Better Together: Co-leadership Dynamics in Start-ups2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although leadership is a topic which has been extensively researched, there is limited literature concerning co-leadership, especially in connection to start-ups. Moreover, as those who are co-leaders in start-ups often also are co-founders and co-owners, it is vital that their co-leadership dynamic is functional as a way of staying in business. Co-leadership is described as a leadership form which has become more commonly used, which further adds urgency of exploring the topic of co-leadership dynamics, and how to make it functional. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explore how a functional co-leadership dynamic can be created between leaders who are simultaneously founders and owners of a start-up. Method: This is a qualitative study, for which is used semi-structured interviews to collect data from 11 co-leaders in 10 companies. The transcribed interviews have been used together with secondary data to point out specific elements that have shown to be important for a functional co-leadership dynamic. Both the themes of co-leadership dynamics and the context of entrepreneurship, foundership and ownership were used to find and highlight these elements. The elements have been discussed in the Analysis and are thereafter presented in a model. Conclusion: Six elements have been pointed out as important for a functional co-leadership dynamic: Collaborative Attitude, Shared Values & Vision, Open & Continuous Communication, Synergy, Learning & Personal Growth, and Trust. These elements are interrelated, and Collaborative Attitude, Shared Values & Vision, Synergy and Trust are also connected to the contextual factors.

  • 12871.
    Vrablova, Adriana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kalinic, Stjepan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Technology acceptance of IKEA mobile application2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past few years, rapid development of mobile technologies has been changing the way people approach purchasing. Using Technology Acceptance Model (Davis, 1986), the authors believe that IKEA’s furniture mobile application creates a certain value to its users. The study aims at examining the importance of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and compatibility dimensions of IKEA’s app and their impact on consumers’ behavioral intentions to see whether or not they lead to actual purchase.

     

    The thesis findings reveal that IKEA mobile application is not widely used. The results should have been applicable for similar companies as IKEA especially those which promote in-store app usage. However, it is not possible since the thesis contradicts the assumption of broad usage of such mobile application.

     

    The analysis of the surveys releaved gender having a role in IKEA mobile app perception as well as occupation. The analysis is also contributing by a realization that mobile technologies lead to faster decision-making, more information availability, and therefore, can create better marketing communication strategies.

  • 12872.
    Vrana, Amela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Andersson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Article 43 EC - A Freedom with Limitations?: What Constitutes a "Wholly Artificial Arrangement"?2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The freedom of establishment in Articles 43 and 48 EC is a fundamental freedom within the EU meaning that companies are free to set up secondary establishments in any other Member State. The freedom of establishment is an important means to achieve the com-pletion of the internal market and therefore it is important that this freedom is protected. Member States are obliged to legislate in accordance with the objectives of the fundamental freedoms, still Member States are restricting Articles 43 and 48 EC by applying discrimina-tory national legislation regarding direct taxation. In the Cadbury Schweppes judgment from September 2006 the ECJ found the British CFC legislation to be contrary to Community law. The purpose of CFC legislation is to prevent tax avoidance by conferring additional tax upon companies having subsidiaries in low tax states. According to the judgment in Cadbury Schweppes, if the CFC rules are too general in its application they are violating the freedom of establishment. Hence, the CFC legislation must be aimed specifically at “wholly artificial arrangements” aimed at circumventing national tax normally payable. Therefore it is of importance, in the context of applying CFC rules, to clarify the difference between use and abuse of freedom of establishment. It is also important to note that the CFC rules ap-ply even when a subsidiary is established outside the EU.

    The concept of abuse of Community law has been developed through case law and prohib-its companies to improperly use the provisions of Community law in order to circumvent national legislation. Even if an establishment in another State is made to avoid tax in the State of origin, it is not necessarily abuse of the freedom of establishment since companies are allowed to choose to establish subsidiaries in the Member States with least restrictive rules. The ECJ stated that establishing subsidiaries with the sole purpose to benefit from the lower tax regime do not constitute an abuse of the freedom of establishment as long as the subsidiaries pursue genuine economic activity. The criteria for what is regarded as eco-nomic activity has been discussed in both value added tax and direct tax cases. The re-quirements so far is that the subsidiary established has to be physically present in the host State on a durable basis and have staff and equipment to a certain degree. The ECJ has as-sessed the criteria similarly in value added tax and direct tax cases and stated that the activ-ity has to be considered per se and without regard to its purpose or result. The activity also has to be based on objective factors and be ascertainable by third parties.

    The Cadbury Schweppes case is the first case in the area of CFC legislation and the Court has provided little guidance regarding what constitutes a “wholly artificial arrangement”. As a consequence of this judgement some Member States have already changed their CFC legis-lation to comply with Community law. Nevertheless, there are cases pending before the ECJ that are further questioning the application of CFC rules and how to define a “wholly artificial arrangement”. The judgement of these cases may result in more changes in the na-tional legislation of the Member States. The future development of the difference between use and abuse of freedom of establishment is important for the protection of the principle of legal certainty. A clarification of what constitutes a “wholly artificial arrangement” will improve the foreseeability for companies and their cross-border transactions will be more efficient.

  • 12873.
    Vreeburg, Frank
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hesshaus, Daniela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Leadership in Born Globals: The Global Leader and their Influence on Individuals2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Globalisation has led to the perception of a “flat” world, meaning that it is fairly easy to cross geographical boundaries and do business in different countries. With globalisation, a new phenomenon arose, termed Born Globals. Born Globals seek international operations from or near their inception. These companies become more and more economically important, and their appearance has increased significantly over the last decades due to economic and technological developments. In this context, global leadership has gained importance, especially competencies such as the global mindset, cultural intelligence, and deutero learning.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyse global leadership, specifically cultural intelligence, the global mindset, deutero learning and the development of global leaders, and how it influences the entrepreneurial attitude of individual employees in Born Global Companies. To do so, we have analysed Prezi, a Born Global company, specifically from the employee’s perspective, complementing self-perception leadership research.  

    Method

    We have suggested four propositions, namely that the leader in Born Global Companies has high cultural intelligence, a global mindset, that these characteristics influence the entrepreneurial attitude of the individual, and that human resource management is highly involved in the development of global leaders. These have been tested in a case study strategy with both qualitative and qualitative methods.

    Conclusion

    We confirmed the propositions concerning the cultural intelligence and the global mindset, however we had to reject the propositions concerning the entrepreneurial attitude of the individual, since we could not establish a relationship between the individual entrepreneurial attitude and global leadership characteristics. Our research suggests that a relationship with the global culture in the company is more likely. Finally, the last proposition had to be rejected, because human resource management was not highly involved in developing the global leadership characteristics, but the diversity and culture within the company served as an “informal” intercultural training.

  • 12874.
    Vristel, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Aronsson, Alicia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Platsens betydelse för undervisning.: En fokusgruppstudie om förskollärares uppfattningar kring undervisning på olika platser.2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att utveckla kunskap om vilka föreställningar förskollärare har om platsens betydelse för undervisning. Forskningsfrågorna i studien är: Var väljer förskollärarna att bedriva undervisning? På vilka platser beskriver förskollärarna att den spontana undervisningen sker? Vilka förutsättningar för undervisning menar förskollärarna att platserna ger?

    Datainsamlingen har skett genom tre fokusgruppssamtal, sammanlagt har nio förskollärare deltagit i studien. För att få fram förskollärarnas föreställningar om platsens betydelse för undervisning har vi använt oss av stimulusmaterial. Resultatet i studien visar att planerad undervisning sker på bestämda platser, exempelvis på samlingsmattan. Förskollärarna i studien menar att den spontan undervisningen sker på de platser där nyfikenhet uppstår. Det framgår även i resultatet att olika platser ger barn olika upplevelser, exempelvis skapar platser utomhus fler sinnliga upplevelser. Utifrån studiens resultat är vår slutsats att förskollärarnas inställning till olika platser får inverkan för vilka platser som används vid undervisningen.

  • 12875.
    Vu, Long
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Phan, Nga
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Truong, Ha
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    E-Customer values in Vietnamese apparel industry: A study from customers' perception2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Key words:         Customer value, value-adding factors, e-commerce, apparel industry, Vietnamese market, customers’ perception. 

    Background:      Along with the development of many applications from Internet, Electronic Commerce (e-commerce) has changed the business scene in the global economy by emerging as a new, efficient channel of doing business. The apparel industry has also been approaching this way of doing business as an attempt to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of operations at various extents. In the Vietnamese market, Ninomaxx being well-known as leading fashion brand for young and proactive people is in the process of launching its very first online shop. However, the lack of information and the vagueness in regard to customers preference and shopping habit in the context of e-commerce leads to many difficulties for fashion companies like Ninomaxx. These lacking can all be traced back to one universal cause that is the insufficiency in understanding customers’ perceived value. Accordingly, it raises the authors’ interests to conduct a research of customers’ perception concerning customer value in Vietnamese apparel industry within the e-commerce context.

    Purpose:             The purpose of this thesis is to identify elements of e-commerce that customers perceive as value-adding factors in the context of Vietnamese apparel industry. Accordingly, thesis will examine how value can be created and enhanced for customers in the case of Ninomaxx and Vietnamese apparel firms in general.

    Method:              In this thesis, authors chose to collect and analyze data mainly through a quantitative approach. Prospective customers of Ninomaxx, whose ages were from 17 to 30, were the surveyed group. A questionnaire was employed to collect response from the group and was distributed in two ways: an online link and offline papers. Various nonparametric statistical techniques and one extensive model were used to analyze results of the survey.

    Conclusion:    From the perception of Vietnamese customers from 17 to 30 years old, there are 5 elements of e-commerce that are identified as very strong value-adding factors, namely, availability of information on the website, accuracy of demonstrating products’ color on website, seller’s ensuring products’ quality, seller’s trustworthiness and safety of using products. There are additionally 11 strong value-adding factors from perception of apparel customers in Vietnam. However, there is evidence of differences in customers’ response regarding their demographic characteristics and Internet usage. Apparel companies should consider accordingly in order to form the optimal strategy for e-commerce retail channel in Vietnam.

  • 12876.
    Vujisic, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Avila, Catalina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Svenska filmer: En spegelbild av det svenska samhället?: En kvalitativ studie om framställning av minoritetsgrupper.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the portrayal of minority groups shown in swedish films. The chosen objects are En underbar jävla jul (2015) and Sällskapsresan 2 (1985). The purpose of the study is to analyze how minority groups are represented in a forum whose main desire is to entertain rather than inform and to examine what occurs when different structures of authorities collide. The study’s main ambition is to illuminate and exposure this phenomenon. The study will apply discursive psychology as its method and theory along with intersectionality. The reason behind is solely to help us get a better understanding and deepen our knowledge. The combination of the aforementioned theories will provide a unique outlook for the analysis. All material collected from the films were at first hand transcribed and later analyzed. The analyses was divided into four different themes; gender roles and sexuality, class, politics and ethnicity. The four themes will contribute the answers of the study’s main questions. The results concluded that minority groups were often given stereotypic features as well as being given little to no exposure in films. However the results also showed that swedish movies are evolving and is being more open to discuss and display what once was considered prohibited subjects.

  • 12877.
    Vulic, Manuela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Law.
    Ekonomisk verksamhet: En analys av det mervärdesskatterättsliga begreppet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna uppsats är att analysera begreppet ekonomisk verksamhet i mervärdesskattehänseende och att utreda vid vilken grad av aktivitet en sådan verksamhet uppkommer samt vilka objektiva omständigheter som kännetecknar begreppet .

    Ekonomisk verksamhet är ett av de mest grundläggande begreppen inom mervärdesskatteområdet och mervärdesskattedirektivet. Begreppet är av väsentlig betydelse vid bedömningen av huruvida någon utgör en beskattningsbar person och ska vara underkastad mervärdesbeskattning. Definitionen återfinns i artikel 9 i mervärdesskattedirektivet. Med ekonomisk verksamhet  avses sådan verksamhet som bedrivs av en producent, en handlare eller en tjänsteleverantör. Här inbegrips både gruvdrift och jordbruksverksamhet samt verksamheter inom fria och därmed likställda yrken. Vidare definieras ekonomisk verksamhet som utnyttjande av materiella eller immateriella tillgångar i avsikt att fortlöpande vinna intäkter. 

    Begreppet infördes inom svensk rätt först år 2013 som en följd av Europeiska kommissionens fördragsbrottsförfarande mot Sverige som inleddes den 27 juni 2008. I samband med detta fick den svenska lagstiftningen samma lydelse som mervärdesskattedirektivet.

    Av praxis från Europeiska Unionens domstol framgår det att begreppet ekonomisk verksamhet ska ges en vid tolkning. Avsikten att bedriva en ekonomisk verksamhet ska styrkas med objektiva omständigheter. Det är upp till de nationella myndigheterna och domstolarna att i varje enskilt fall bedöma alla relevanta och objektiva fakta, såsom anskaffade tillgångar, ingångna avtal, antalet kunder och intäkternas belopp. Bedömningen ska göras oberoende av verksamhetens syfte och resultat. Vid bedömningen ska de svenska domstolarna utgå från mervärdesskattedirektivet och den rättspraxis från Europeiska Unionen som finns. Då förutsättningarna i de enskilda fallen sällan är de samma är den rättspraxis och direktiv från Europeiska Unionen som finns inte tillräckligt för att utgöra en grund som säkerställer att begreppet ekonomisk verksamhet tolkas enhetligt i medlemsstaterna.

  • 12878.
    Västfält, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Erll, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    A Dynamic Resource Allocation Framework for IT Consultancies2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master thesis provides a framework for analysis of the resource planning and allocation processes within an IT consultant firm. The aim is, to identify information, which can be reflected in an information system.

    The framework has been developed using multi-grounded theory method, considering theories from the areas of information systems design, project business performance, enterprise planning, and project planning. Based on a main process view and hypothesized information requirements, the dynamic processes of sales, project resource planning, miscellaneous activity planning, project portfolio planning, resource allocation and general management are discussed, along with their underlying concepts.

    A case study has been conducted, to test the validity of the framework and to evaluate its applicability. The findings are compared and contrasted to our frame of reference during analysis. From a reflection on the analysis, changes are proposed to the firm under study, as well as our framework.

  • 12879.
    Væver Kronborg, Katja
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Stockholm Terror Attack 2017: How Domestic and International Online News Media Framed the Act and Empowered Involved Actors2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this comparative study has been to identify similarities and differences in Swedish and British media’s framing and empowerment of actors in relation to the 2017 Stockholm terror attack. Theories on the risk society, framing, power and CDA have been used to create a framework that gives a deeper understanding of media’s role in framing actors and events, and how this can potentially affect the public. Moreover, to determine how media use their power to dis- tribute power among the actors and objects that are part of such an attack.

    A critical discourse analysis has been carried out on excerpts from a total of 15 articles, seven and six from Sweden and Britain respectively. In this analysis, both framing and power issues were identified, which was used to conduct a discussion on the findings in relation to the the- oretical framework used.

    It was found that while Sweden and Britain are part of the same culture and therefore largely covered the terror attack the same way, there was a significant difference in the portrayal of the perpetrator. Swedish media had a tendency to use othering and describe the perpetrator as one of “them” as opposed to the “we”. British media, on the other hand, made use of other- ing as well, but would also offer descriptions that could make the “we” relate to him. This difference can potentially be due to the fact that Swedes have been more emotional about the attack, as it happened in their own country.

    The distribution of power between actors were done similarly in both countries. Two power- plays were identified: the police vs. the perpetrator, and the act (the truck) vs. the public. In order to avoid giving the perpetrator credit for the act, when the act was portrayed, the truck would be described as the powerful actor. Thus, even though it is common sense that the truck did not drive into people on itself, the perpetrator’s actions has not been acknowledged in the media. Instead, when describing the perpetrator, it has been done in relation to the police, who were described as the powerful actors – they caught the perpetrator, i.e. he did not have the power to avoid them or escape.

    Thus, while Swedish and British media largely have covered the act the same way and with the same means, the Swedish media have used emotional means to further othering.

  • 12880.
    Væver Kronborg, Katja
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Transparency on Corporate Websites and Social Media During Crises: A Rhetorical and Semiotic Analysis on the Rhetorical Constructions of Transparency Online2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper is examining how corporations can create a rhetorical construction of transparency on digital platforms in order to make their communication appear transparent during a crisis. Crisis communication theory and theories of rhetoric and transparency have been used in order to analyse the crises situations and the linguistic means used in crisis related messages. By using the methods of semiotics and digital rhetoric, an analytical framework was developed to be able to analyse the level of both the rhetorical construction of transparency as well as the actual transparency by identifying what information has been disclosed and what has been withheld.

    The two companies used for the analysis were Toyota and Samsung, who both experienced a crisis in 2016. It was found that the two companies used different strategies in their crisis communication, in which Toyota came across as the best prepared corporation in times of crises due to a clearer reaction, which was not changed. Both corporations managed to construct a level of transparency through their use of language, however, some information was found to have been withheld, causing the actual transparency to be of a lower degree than the constructed transparency. Thus, by using language in certain ways, corporations are able to convince their stakeholders that they are transparent while being able to withhold different information that could prove valuable to some groups of stakeholders. 

  • 12881.
    Wachauf-Tautermann, Sebastian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Weichert, Stefanie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Impact of External Situational Factors on the Agility of Humanitarian Supply Chains: A Case Study of Haiti Earthquake 20102015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Developing, emerging and developed countries are vulnerable to disasters and might require external assistance to cope with their aftermaths. It is forecasted that disasters will increase five-fold over the next 50 years. In an environment, which is characterized by many uncertainties, humanitarian supply chains are created to provide disaster relief in a highly complex and dynamic setting. This environment is unique for every disaster, where infrastructure, government, physical, socio-economic and security situational factors can either facilitate or restrict humanitarian operations. Agile supply chain principles enable humanitarian organizations to quickly respond to disasters.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore and analyze the impact of external situational factors on the agility of humanitarian supply chains and humanitarian organizations’ actions taken to address those external situational factors during the immediate response phase of an emergency event.

    Methodology

    For the purpose of this study a combination of an inductive and deductive research approach was applied. The study was of exploratory and qualitative nature with a single case study in its focus. Empirical data was collected by conducting semi-structured interviews with nine respondents involved in the disaster relief operations of Haiti Earthquake 2010. Empirical findings were analyzed by using the template analysis.

    Conclusion

    External situational factors have a strong impact on capabilities enabling humanitarian supply chains to be agile during the immediate response phase. Humanitarian organizations are able to reduce the negative impact of external situational factors while in other cases the negative impact of external situational factors is further intensified by actions taken by humanitarian organizations. Furthermore, humanitarian organizations are able to utilize and enhance some of the positive impacts of external situational factors. However, the initially positive impact of some external situational factors may be reduced by inappropriate actions taken by humanitarian organizations. Therefore, understanding the context of the disaster’s broader environment is a prerequisite to an effective emergency response. 

  • 12882.
    Wadbring, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Lagerström, Ann
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Särskilt yttrande2013In: SOU 2013:66 Översyn av det statliga stödet till dagspressen: Slutbetänkande av Presstödskommittén, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2013, p. 451-454Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12883.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    The struggle for dignity by people with severe functional disabilities2009In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 453-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what strategies people with severe functional disabilities who receive personal assistance in their homes use in their daily life to achieve autonomy, integrity, influence and participation. Qualitative interviews were carried out and subjected to qualitative latent content analysis. The main finding was expressed in terms of six subthemes: trying to keep a private sphere; striving to communicate; searching for possibilities; taking the initiative; striving to gain insight; and using one's temperament. These generated the overall theme: maintaining dignity in close relationships. This study contributes an understanding of the strategies used by people who are dependent on personal assistance. Future efforts in nursing must focus on supporting personal assistants with ethical knowledge and guidance in order that people with severe functional disabilities are empowered to achieve autonomy, integrity, influence and participation in their daily lives.

  • 12884.
    Waerland, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Zetterholm, Björn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos flerspråkiga elever2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senare åren har skolvärlden förändrats angående språksituationen i Sverige. Migrationen ökar hela tiden och Sverige blir mer ett mångkulturellt land. För lärare blir uppdraget mer komplext när det gäller att identifiera ifall en flerspråkig elev har läs- och skrivsvårigheter än en enspråkig elev. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att undersöka forskning som behandlar undervisning och utveckling för flerspråkiga elever som har läs- och skrivsvårigheter i åldrarna 6-15 år. Frågeställningarna som resultatet ska svara på är följande:

    1. Hur identifieras läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos flerspråkiga?
    2. Vilka faktorer ska tas hänsyn till vid bedömning av flerspråkiga elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter?

    Litteraturstudien utgår ifrån är nationell och internationell forskning som undersökts efter våra kriterier för inklusion. Genom sex olika vetenskapliga artiklar sammanställs ett resultat. Ett genomgående resultat de flesta vetenskapliga artiklarna visade är att genom utvärdering av flerspråkiga elevers fonologiska medvetenhet med hjälp av fonologiska tester på majoritetsspråket och andraspråket underlättas identifieringen av läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Ett annat resultat visar hur viktigt det är att läraren tar hänsyn till elevens perspektiv, det vill säga elevens sociala och språkliga bakgrund och hur mycket eleven har blivit exponerad för majoritetsspråket. Det visar även att en lärare inte ska arbeta själv med detta uppdrag utan ta hjälp av alla sina kollegor som specialpedagoger, modersmålslärare och även vanliga lärare då alla resultat visar att det är komplext att identifiera och bedöma ifall en flerspråkig elev har läs- och skrivsvårigheter. 

  • 12885.
    Wahlbeck, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sandberg, Carl
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bernéus , Hannes
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Investors´ Rationality: Behavioral Finance2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine if professional investors areindicating tendencies of irrational behavior when exposed to certainpsychological dilemmas related to the financial world.

  • 12886.
    Wahlbin, Clas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wigren, Caroline
    Lunds universitet, Malmö högskola.
    Att utbilda för förändring och nytänkande: En studie av sex nationella högskoleutbildningar2008Report (Other academic)
  • 12887.
    Wahlgren, Joakim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University.
    Googles varumärkespolicy: En föränddring av varumärkets värde?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During September 2010, Google decided to change their trade mark policy to allow keywords which is equal to an already own trademark to be offered to all who intend to link the word to their ad. They offered a service for this called Adwords. The update followed since The Court Of Justice (CoJ) stated that Google does not commit trade mark infringement by doing this. The question to answer is whether the proprietors of trademarks can do something to stop them from being used by competitors as keywords in Adwords. CoJ has stated that the advertisers are infringing the exclusive right of a trademark if the used keyword is identical to the trademark, the commercial focuses on products that is identical to the products which are registered on the trademark and if the commercial makes it difficult or impossible to an average internet user to decide whether the products originate from the proprietor, a company which has a financial connection to the proprietor or a third party. If an advertiser limits the ad to contain commercial which focuses on their specific business and products it is most likely not possible for the proprietor to claim trade mark infringement. The opportunities to stop the advertising is found in the Swedish Marketing Act . This section of law prohibit so-called abuse of reputes and misleading marketing. In the case Blocket vs Metro it is tested whether Metro had conducted Abuse of Blockets repute by using the trademarked term "blocket". The Swedish Market Court (MD) stated without justification that some abuse of repute did not exist. The trade mark has, because of the policy change, reduced its value since the opportunities to protect a trade mark are still around but now the process is less efficient and more expensive. This however can be changed as soon as the possibility of “misleading advertising” is tested by the MD.

  • 12888.
    Wahlgren, Victoria C
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Den långa vägen till en jämställd gymnasieskola: Genuspedagogers förståelse av gymnasieskolans jämställdhetsarbete2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with the study is to form knowledge about the content of gender pedagogy with starting point in the experiences of gender pedagogues. The objective is to generate new knowledge about how the equality work in the upper secondary school can function and that students in the upper secondary school can to be treated in a more equal way, independently of sexes. The background to the study is the attention of the problem that students are not treated equally. Studies show that the students sexes influences how teachers relate to them and it also influences what grades the students receive. The study examines how gender pedagogues experience a gender pedagogical approach to change norms and structures in the upper secondary school. The empirical materials are interviews with six gender pedagogues who are active in the upper secondary school. The interviews are interpreted through a hermeneutical method in order to reach an understanding of how gender pedagogues' experiences and uses gender pedagogy in their work in the upper secondary school. The method is in-terviews done through digital technology: @ography, which are interviews via e-mail. The result shows that gender pedagogues experiences that it is possible to pursue a gender pedagogical approach in the upper secondary school, but that it will take time when the resistance against the approach from teachers, school managements and municipalities are immense. The most effective way to change the approach on the upper secondary school is if teachers are supervised in teams in order to change attitudes and subconscious standards.

  • 12889.
    Wahlqvist, Stina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Larsson, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Brand New City: A Place marketing study on Jönköping2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, branding is all about differentiate the product from its competi-tors. When the brand is a place another level of complexity is added. A place has several different stakeholders that all have to communicate the same mes-sage in order to create a strong brand. Place marketing is a rather new theoreti-cal field and not many researchers have explored this phenomenon, therefore, there does not exist any common practice within this line of study. Compared to a product the stakeholders of a city often have quite different objectives, and therefore there is a risk that they communicate messages that contradict each other. Which features of a city is needed to create a strong brand?

    The purpose of this thesis was to expore how the stakeholders within the city of Jönköping can cooperate in order to build a strong city brand.

    The authors have chosen to focus on a qualitative method and personal inter-views as the primary source of information. The respondents that participated in this study were influential persons in leading positions within the main stakeholder groups in Jönköping, that is the public sector, the private sector and the university. Further the Managing Director of FMJ was interview. In order to determine, which of these stakeholders that were of interest the authours have used the snowball approach. To complement these findings secondary data, including three attitude surveys, have been analysed.

    The authors have concluded that Jönköping does possess a few quite strong brand associations, however, the problem that the city has is the lack of an suf-ficient product to sell. A couple of years ago Jönköping established FMJ to take care of the external marketing and since than it has been many improve-ments, nevertheless the authors believe that another form of cooperation is needed. The city would have to develop a new organization with the base within the municipality, but it should include all the important stakeholders. The main tasks of this cooperation would be to integrate these stakeholders and build a strong product, which should emphasis the most important fea-tures of the Jönköping.

  • 12890.
    Wahlsten, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Hindocha, Anish
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Non-executive directors: a case study of four UK banks from 2005-20092011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12891.
    Wahlström, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Karlsson, Christian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Activist Funds' impact on Blue Chip Companies in Sweden: Analysing the implications on capital structure, valuation and credit rating2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Swedish blue chip companies are performing better than ever, but have been strongly criticised for being too slow in their excess fund allocation. Companies with overcapitalised balance sheets and no investment needs are potential targets for activist funds’ business idea of more aggressive capital structures and financial restructuring. In media, this debate has raised criticism against these so called short-sighted, greedy asset-strippers that destroy company values and increase the companies’ risk of default. In prior cases where activist funds have taken actions, the market has responded positively through increasing the share price. However, sceptics argue that the higher share price is merely a response to a speculative reaction with no fundamental argument supporting the upgrade in market capitalisation.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to establish a view of the phenomenon of activist funds and their impact on blue chip companies’, listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange, credit rating, capital structure and valuation.

    Method: To fulfil the purpose of our master thesis, a qualitative approach has been applied based on three cases involving the activities of activist funds. The empirical findings have been retrieved via personal communications with stock- and credit analysts, and the study also relies on articles and news coverage from media, stock market data and annual reports from each of the chosen companies respectively.

    Conclusion: The study has regarded the period of time which has been the investment horizon of the activist funds – explicitly and implicitly. Analysing their active ownership, the conclusion can be drawn that these activist funds have clearly had a positive impact on each of the blue chip companies’ performance and intrinsic value respectively. The financial restructuring has - contrarily to the criticism – strengthened the credit ratings in the cases of Lindex and Volvo. In the Skandia/Old Mutual-case, a marginally higher default risk was detected. Thus, the study has concluded that activist funds indeed add significant shareholder value without jeopardising the companies’ financial statuses.

  • 12892.
    Waibel, Laura
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Avkodningen är ju nummer ett": En kvalitativ studie om undervisningens innehåll i avkodning i årskurs 12016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on the socio-cultural perspective. The purpose of this study is to examine the educational content in decoding that teachers who have working experience in first grade chooses to teach about. To answer the questions and purpose of this study a qualitative research method was chosen in form of semi-structured interviews and a total of seven teachers from different schools were interviewed. The study has been focusing on the skill of decoding, which is a part of students' reading and writing development. The results show that teachers have chosen an educational content where the students work a lot with the shape of the different letters. Furthermore, the results show that instruction includes exercises to discover letter sounds as part of the decoding process. Teachers express the importance of pointing out the difference between the letter names and letters sounds, to distinguish the sound of the words and that letters can have multiple sound. For developing the ability to decode, decoding is taught in different contexts and through activities in the classroom as reading and writing. Teachers choose diverse ways of working to provide all students with the opportunity to develop the ability to decode and use various tools, such as Active boards, as support. Furthermore, teachers describe that it is through interaction with other students develop the ability to decode words. The results show that the teachers have chosen a varied teaching content in the decoding process. Furthermore, the result show what is processed in instruction is the phoneme grapheme correspondence, to distinguish sounds, word images and letter knowledge. The teaching content is processed in different contexts such as working with digital tools, playing, manipulative letters, but also through a varied approach in decoding instruction.

  • 12893.
    Waite, Sue
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER). Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK.
    Outdoor learning research: Insight into forms and functions2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From publisher's website:

    The term ‘outdoor learning’ covers many forms of practice outside the classroom, including Forest School and outdoor play. Outdoor learning has been rapidly growing as a topic of interest for educators and parents over the last ten years and research published in this field is also increasing. Despite the fact that we are inextricably part of the natural world, there is concern that contemporary children have become disconnected from nature and that their opportunities to access natural environments are declining. Given compelling evidence that time spent in natural places has multiple benefits for human health and wellbeing and pro-environmental behaviour (Bourn et al., 2016), there is an impetus to find ways to increase children’s exposure to and attachment to nature through their education.

    The chapters in this book were originally peer reviewed articles published in Education 3–13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education. They are amongst the most popular in the journal, reflecting the demand for more evidence of outcomes and high-quality information about how best to implement outdoor learning for children in this age group. The authors report qualitative and quantitative studies and consider implications of the findings for children and their development, and for the integration (or not) of natural environment contexts within school practices. Gathering this body of evidence together in a single volume enables important messages about outdoor learning’s various purposes, processes and outcomes to be more readily accessed by practitioners, policy makers and researchers.

  • 12894.
    Waite, Sue
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER). University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.
    Goodenough, Alice
    University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.
    What is different about Forest School?: Creating a space for an alternative pedagogy in England2018In: Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, ISSN 2522-879X, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest School in the UK has arguably provided a space of pedagogical ‘difference’ whilst wider structural pressures have reduced the room for novelty and diversity in delivery of state education. This article explores how perceived ‘differences’ between everyday educational contexts can benefit the wellbeing of participants in Forest Education across different ages. It calls into question the application of play-based learning theory to underpin English Forest School as advocated by Leather in this issue. Drawing on Forest School principles, empirical evidence and the theory of cultural density, we examine how Forest School can present important cultural and material contrasts in English young people’s experience and argue for the importance of this function within this context. We critique aspects of the dilution of Forest School principles, arguing that in England, and perhaps other cultures where outdoor experiences have become relatively rare, it is important that Forest School is valued as a site of divergence from more common learning spaces and situations.

  • 12895.
    Waite, Sue
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER). Faculty of Arts & Humanities, Plymouth Institute of Education, Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom.
    Quay, J.
    In Place(s): dwelling on culture, materiality and affect2019In: Research handbook on childhood nature: Assemblages of childhood and nature research / [ed] A. Cutter-Mackenzie, K. Malone, E. Barratt Hacking, Cham: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12896. Wakerius, Victor
    et al.
    Isaksson, Albin
    Wiklund, Emil
    Service Quality in Swedish Ice-Hockey: Case Study on HV712015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12897.
    Walden, Maria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Intresseavvägning: Integritetsskydd i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is no specific legislation governing what kind of control measures an employer may take. Preparatory works regarding privacy protection of employees have been made which suggestions that legislation should be seen as necessary. This paper is therefore based on the hypothesis that legislation will be applied.

    When determining whether an employer’s control measure is allowed when it intrudes a employee’s personal integrity a weighing of interests is made. This paper aims to describe and analyze how this weighing of interests is made in the current situation and how the weighing of interests should be regulated in a hypothetical legislation.

  • 12898.
    Walden, Maria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Ombildad hyresrätt – påverkar den en delning av egendom?: Vid äktenskapsskillnad eller upplösning av samboförhållande2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    When a couple divorce or when couples move apart a division of property can be done. A married couple's property constitutes of joint property and private property. In a division of property between spouses is only the value of the joint property included, not the value of the private property. In a division of property between couples that live together but not a married their joint property that are bought to be used by them together will be included. It is the value of the joint property that will be shared in the division of property. Other property that the couple has will either be kept by the person who bought it or if they hold the property in joint ownership, the value will be divided between them, but outside the rules of partition of property in the Swedish law.

    A rented apartment that has been converted into a co-operative apartment during the marriage and the time that the married couple lived in the apartment should be divided between them in a division of property. They have during the marriage done a purchase of the apartment and the co-operative apartment should be seen as joint property.

    A rented apartment that has been converted in to a co-operative apartment during the time that the couple, that not is married, lived in the apartment will affect the division of property in different ways. If the rented apartment was obtained to be used by the couple together the co-operative apartment shall be included in the division of property. If the rented apartment was not obtained to be used by the couple together, it could be that one of them lived in the apartment before the relationship, the co-operative apartment should not be included in the division of property. A rented apartment that are under transformation when the relationship ends have an economic value during the process. It should however be some security that the apartment will be a co-operative apartment before the value can be included in the division of property. What determines whether a converted co-operative apartment should be included in the division of property is if the rented apartment was obtained for the couple to use together or not.

    When a couple purchases the converted co-operative apartment together a joint ownership to the property can occur. If the joint ownership can be proved, the value of the apartment will be shared according to the Swedish law.

  • 12899.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    From professional interactions to relational work: Investigating relationships around non-family CEOs in family firms2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Relationships constitute a central and significant part of our lives and form the very foundation on which organizations are built. They provide meaning to work, create connections, and ultimately shape organizations. This dissertation adds to the growing literature on workplace relationships by studying the chief executive officer (CEO) in an organizational form that is inherently built on relationships: the family firm. Focusing on the introduction of a non-family CEO in a family firm, this dissertation investigates the meaning of relationships for non-family CEOs, the work they perform, and the organizations they reside in. It builds on a diverse set of relational perspectives and uses conceptual approaches and in-depth longitudinal case research.

    The first paper reviews, organizes and extends the literature on non-family CEOs by using gap-spotting and assumption-challenging. The second paper outlines how relationships in the triad between a non-family CEO and members of the current and next generation family owners influence whether a CEO stays or leaves the family firm. The third paper investigates how family firms adopt professional practices and outlines four modes of professionalization, showing how family firms‘ overprofessionalize’. The fourth paper follows a CEO succession and reorganization in a family firm over 16 months and investigates how contesting processes of job design and crafting change and create job systems.

    This dissertation contributes by introducing relational work as a core aspect of a CEO’s work, by extending our knowledge about non-family CEOs in family firms and by challenging the understanding of professionalization in family firms. It also contributes to practice by providing guidelines for structuring relations between family owners and (prospective) non-family CEOs.

  • 12900.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Investigating the impact of non-family CEOs: A review and agenda for future researchManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the field of family business matures, research has focused on actors outside the owner family. The most important non-family member a family firm can hire is arguably a non-family CEO. Given the limited pool of family members, family firms regularly hire such actors, but our knowledge of them is fragmented. Using a systematic literature review, this article collects, organizes and structures current knowledge on the impact of non-family CEOs in family firms. I then propose a research agenda by engaging in ‘gapspotting’ and ‘assumption-challenging’, first outlining gaps in the existing literatures and proposing research questions to fill them, then identifying and problematizing three underlying assumptions in the literature. Finally, I develop alternatives to stimulate new research about non-family CEOs.

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