Change search
Refine search result
255256257258259260261 12851 - 12900 of 29161
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 12851.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Dimensions of the Concept of Mobile Manufacturing2007In: Proceedings of CARV 2nd International Conference on Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12852.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Fault Diagnosis of Industrial Robots using Acoustic Signals and Case-Based Reasoning2004In: 7th European Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, Madrid, Spain, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In industrial manufacturing rigorous testing is used to ensure that the delivered products meet their specifications. Mechanical maladjustment or faults often show their presence as deviations compared to a normal sound pro-file. This is the case in robot assembly, the selected application domain for the system. Manual diagnosis based on sound requires extensive experience, and the experience is often acquired through costly mistakes and reduced production efficiency or quality loss caused by missed faults. The acquired experience is also difficult to preserve and transfer, and often lost if personnel leave the task of testing and fault diagnosis. We propose a Case-Based Reasoning approach to collect and preserve experience. The solution enables fast experience transfer and leads to less experienced personnel required to make more reliable and informed testing. Sounds from normal and faulty equipment are recorded and stored in a case library together with a diagnosis. Addition of new validated sound profiles continuously improves the system’s performance. The system can preserve and transfer experience between technicians, reducing overall fault identification time and increases quality by reduced number of missed faults. The original sound recordings are stored in form of the extracted features to-gether with other experience, e.g. instructions, additional tests, advice, user feedback etc.

  • 12853.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Is it possible to compete with internal production?2002In: Proceedings of ISR 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12854.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Managing Production Requirements within Product Development2003In: Proceeding of the TMCE conference, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12855.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Manufacturing competition through the factory in a box concept2007In: 18th Annual Conference of the Production and Operations Management Society, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12856.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Productivity: An Overall Measure of Competitiveness1999In: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, Leuven: Katholieke Univ. Leuven , 1999Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12857.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Visionary production systems and Industrial IT2002In: Proceedings of ISR 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12858.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Factory-in-a-box - Demonstrating the next generation manufacturing provider2008In: Manufacturing systems and technologies for the new frontier / [ed] Mamoru Mitsuishi, Kanji Ueda and Fumihiko Kimura, Springer London , 2008, p. 341-346Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Meeting customer demands require manufacturing systems with a high degree of flexibility, low-cost/low-volume manufacturing skills, as well as short delivery times. On top of these challenges, there is a gigantic need within industry for technologies and strategies that will reduce CO(2) emissions globally. In this challenging environment there is a need to identify and develop new and improved manufacturing capabilities within the manufacturing industry. The Factory-in-a-Box concept consists of standardized production modules that are e.g. installed in a container and transported by truck or by train. The concept has been developed, exemplified and realized in five industrial demonstrators developed by researchers together with competitive manufacturing companies in Sweden such as ABB Robotics, Bombardier and Pharmadule. The objective of this paper is to discuss the possibility of realizing a Product Service System (PSS) using the results from the Factory-in-a-Box project.

  • 12859.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Ekman, Sten
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wikström, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Innovation and Design Inspired Product Realization2009In: DS 58-3: Proceedings of ICED 09, the 17th International Conference on Engineering Design, Stanford, 2009, p. 263-274Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long term growth and future jobs in society rely on that industry is able to realize new sustainable product ideas and develop these to profitable products in the market. This encompasses both short time-to-market and continuous development and adaption of existing products and processes to improve productivity. Innovative skills are required in both product/service development and in product/service introduction. Thus, there is a need for new innovative methods and models that supports and strengthens industry in generating new ideas and realizing these into successful products and improved processes. This paper discusses and compares engineering design, innovation, and design. The paper argues that there is a need to integrate the disciplines and work practices of innovation and design in the engineering design field and to build multi-disciplinary environments to be successful in research, education and in industry. A conceptual framework for innovation and design inspired product realization is presented in the paper. 

  • 12860.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Elfving, Sofi
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Improving producability of new products through concurrent engineering2003In: Concurrent engineering –advanced design, production and management systems, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12861.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Fagerström, Björn
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    A Holistic approach to modularization2003In: International conference on engineering design, ICED 03, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12862.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Fagerström, Björn
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Distributed Manufacturing – A Solution for Industrial Competition in a Turbulent Market Environment2000In: Proceedings of the 33rd CIRP International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems, 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12863.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Implementation of IT tools on an automatic robotic manufacturing cell a verification of an information/ production model2005In: Proceedings the 2nd International Conference on Mechatronics 2005 (ICOM´05), 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12864.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    The Need for Reconfigurable Robotic Systems2007In: Proceedings of CARV 2nd International Conference on Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12865.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hellström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Robot Automation in a Lean Manufacturing System2009In: Proceedings of CARV International Conference on Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12866.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hellström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Friedler, Niklas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Lean Automation: Requirements and Solutions for Efficient use of Robot Automation in the Swedish Manufacturing Industry2011In: International Journal of Engineering Research & Innovation, ISSN 2152-4165, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 36-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization, demographic changes, and environmental challenges put a strong pressure on European manufacturing industry and increase demands on resource efficiency, sustainable manufacturing, innovative products and individualized products. Today, Swedish manufacturing in mature traditional sectors is increasingly migrating to low-wage countries such as China and India. There is a strong need for the manufacturing industry in Sweden to enhance the ability to develop and manufacture products competitively. One way could be through an increased level of automation and increased use of industrial robotics. However, robot automation investments are in many cases, regarded as too expensive and too technically advanced, especially within small and medium sized enterprises. The objective of this paper is to investigate requirements as well as possible solutions for efficient use of robot automation in the Swedish manufacturing industry. Results from two research projects are presented. In the first project, requirements on automation solutions within small and medium sized manufacturing companies have been analyzed. The second project has investigated and developed possible solutions for increased reconfigurability of robotic systems enabling production of different products and simple configuration to handle future product variants without large additional investments. 

  • 12867.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Johansson, Christer
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Agility Within a Manufacturing Industry2000In: Transactions of NAMRI/SME / [ed] Frank M Marlow, William L Galvery Jr, 2000, Vol. 28Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12868.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Johansson, Christer
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    An Agility Analysis from a Production System Perspective2000In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Gearing, Transmissions, and Mechanical Systems, 2000, p. 329-339Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     The competition is becoming truly global with fragmented markets and customers expecting to get the best product at the best price with immediate availability. In this business environment we need to be agile to handle changes within the production system as well as changing the system to new circumstances. This paper is investigating the concept of agility and how it can be applied within industry. A proposal on how to make an "Agility" analysis from a production system perspective is presented and a case study has been performed to test this analysis in practice.

  • 12869.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Johansson, Christer
    KTH.
    An Agility Analysis from a Production System Perspective2003In: Integrated Manufacturing Systems, ISSN 0957-6061, E-ISSN 1758-583X, Vol. 14, no 6, p. 482-488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The competition is becoming truly global, with fragmented markets and customers expecting to get the best product at the best price with immediate availability. In this business environment we need to be agile to handle changes within the production system as well as changing the system to new circumstances. This paper is investigating the concept of agility and how it can be applied within industry. A proposal on how to make an "agility" analysis from a production system perspective is presented and a case study has been performed to test this analysis in practice.

  • 12870. Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Calculating the Cost of Poor Quality Using Discrete Event Simulation1998In: Of the First Int, Workshop on Intelligent Manufacturing Systems April 1998. Lausanne, Switzerland, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12871.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Johansson, Christer
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Calculating the Cost of Poor Quality Using Discrete Event Simulation1998In: Proceedings of the first International Workshop: Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12872. Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Calculating the Cost of Poor Quality Using Discrete Event Simulation1998In: Of the First Int, Workshop on Intelligent Manufacturing Systems April 1998. Lausanne, Switzerland, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12873.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Johansson, Christer
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Production strategy development with consideration to the information strategy- an approach for integrated production/information strategy2003In: MIM2003, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12874.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    ABB Management Consultants AB, Västerås, Sweden.
    Johansson, Christer
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Real Time Discrete Event Simulation of a PCB Production System for Operational Support1997In: Proceedings of the 1997 Winter Simulation Conference, 1997, p. 832-837Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12875. Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Real Time Event Simulation of a PCB Production System for Operational Support1997In: Proceedings of the 1997 Winter Simulation Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A., 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12876. Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Johansson, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Real Time Event Simulation of a PCB Production System for Operational Support1997In: Proc. Of the 1997 Winter Simulation Conference. Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A., 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12877.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Petersson, P.
    A Model for Development of Future Manufacturing Systems1999In: Proceedings of the 32nd CIRP International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems, 1999, p. 449-457Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12878.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Zaman, Abedullah
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Factory-In-a-Box – Mobile Production Capacity on Demand2007In: International Journal of Modern Engineering, ISSN 1930-6628, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 12-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Change and uncertainty dominate today’s business environment. Meeting customer demands require a high degree of flexibility, low-cost/low volume- manufacturing skills, and short delivery times. In this highly competitive environment there is a great need to identify and develop unique manufacturing capabilities within industry. This paper will present an ongoing research project in Sweden called Factory-in-a-Box with the objective to develop mobile production capacity on demand. The Factory-in-a-Box concept consists of standardized production modules that are installed in e.g. a container and transported by e.g. a truck or by train. The modules may rapidly be combined into production systems that can be reconfigured for a new product and/or scaled to handle new volumes. The key features of this futuristic production system concept are flexibility, mobility, and speed. In the research project five fully operative demonstrators have been developed and implemented in close cooperation between different academic and industrial partners in Sweden.

  • 12879.
    Jacob, Andrew
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Scott, Melissa
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    The costs and benefits of employing an adult with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review2015In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 10, p. 1-15, article id e0139896Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Despite an ambition from adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to be employed, there are limited opportunities for competitive employment for this group. Employment is not only an entitlement enjoyed by others in society, but employing adults with ASD also has economic benefits by decreasing lost productivity and resource costs for this group. Few studies have explored the cost-benefit ratio for employing adults with ASD and even fewer have taken the viewpoint of the employer, particularly applying this situation to ASD. Until such study occurs, employers may continue to be reluctant to employ adults from this group.

    Objective

    This review aimed to examine the costs, benefits and the cost-benefit ratio of employing adults with ASD, from a societal perspective and from the perspective of employers.

    Methods

    Eight databases were searched for scientific studies within defined inclusion criteria. These databases included CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Emerald, Ovid Medline, ProQuest, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science.

    Results and Conclusion

    Enhancing the opportunities for adults with ASD to join the workforce is beneficial from a societal perspective, not only from an inclusiveness viewpoint, but also from a strict economic standpoint. Providing supported employment services for adults with ASD does not only cut the cost compared with providing standard care, it also results in better outcomes for adults with ASD. Despite the fact that ASD was the most expensive group to provide vocational rehabilitation services for, adults with ASD have a strong chance of becoming employed once appropriate measures are in place. Hence, rehabilitation services could be considered as a worthwhile investment. The current systematic review uncovered the fact that very few studies have examined the benefits, the costs and the cost-benefit ratio of employing an adult with ASD from the perspective of employers indicating a need for this topic to be further explored.

  • 12880.
    Jacob, Björktorp
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Källenius, Robert
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Comply-or-explain in Sweden: A study on the quality of non-compliance explanations2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the comply-or-explain principle in Sweden to determine if the flexible approach is functioning as in-tended.

    Research design: This paper scrutinizes the quality of the explanations with respect to the Swedish Corporate Governance Code. A quantitative research with a cross-sectional design has been performed and the data collection covers 241 companies listed on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm for the fiscal year of 2014. The secondary data has been gathered from corporate governance reports of the researched companies and analysed by using a tax-onomy of explanations.

    Findings: The report demonstrates that the comply-or-explain principle in Sweden is effective. A clear majority of the explanations, 71,8%, were deemed as informative, mean-ing that a large proportion of the Swedish firms are utilizing the flexible approach in an effective manner. However, one out of four explanations were classified as insufficient and we have thus provided recommendations in order for the code to become even more effective.

    Contribution: Our findings provide insights on how the comply-or-explain principle works in a country that is supposed to be a leading example of how the comply-or-explain approach should be implemented. This study should be of significance for policy makers considering that we have outlined how the principle works and provided recommenda-tions on how the Swedish Corporate Governance Code can be improved.

    Value: Our findings demonstrate that companies listed on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm pro-vide high quality explanations that can serve as an inspiration for companies listed in other countries. Furthermore, the results indicate that managers are likely to act within ethically desired norm. Considering the social implications, as Swedish firms are informative in terms of explanations, it minimizes the risk of firms acting dishonestly.

  • 12881. Jacob, Merle
    et al.
    Hellström, Tomas
    Adler, Niclas
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Norrgren, Flemming
    From sponsorship to partnership in academy-industry relations2000In: R &D Management, ISSN 0033-6807, E-ISSN 1467-9310, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 255-262Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12882.
    Jacobsen, P.-H.
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Winter, R.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bjällmark, Anna
    Royal Institute Of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larsson, M.
    Royal Institute Of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nygren, M.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westholm, C.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brodin, L.-Å.
    Royal Institute Of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bull's eye presentation of speckle tracking data: A simple and user independent method for detection of regional myocardial ischemia2006In: European Journal of Echocardiography, ISSN 1525-2167, E-ISSN 1532-2114, Vol. 7, no suppl_1, p. S85-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12883.
    Jacobson, Alma
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    A Cohesive Downtown from a Knowledge City Perspective - A Study in Urban Planning2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The escalating urbanization process has given rise to various complications in the urban structure. One of the major issues is the one concerning urban cohesion. As modern cities are facing a transformation from industrial to knowledge societies, many aspects have to be taken into consideration in the planning of cities.

    This thesis aims to study the significance of a cohesive city centre from a social and spatial point of view, and to understand modern cities’ development towards innovative Knowledge Cities. The objective is to present proposals for how a unification of a fragmented downtown can be made possible seen from a Knowledge City perspective. The two main research questions of this thesis are answered by literary reviews of existing theories in urban planning, by a case study of the downtown area in the Swedish city of Jönköping, and finally also by a design proposal showing on how urban cohesiveness can be obtained from a Knowledge City perspective.

    If cities are to become successful knowledge cities they have to promote culture, attractiveness and above all an innovative urban environment. Innovation is mainly achieved by so called “innovation engines” – simple urban elements, such as a café or a library. For innovation to emerge, human interaction and meetings have to occur in the urban environment, why innovation engines are key factors in the development towards knowledge cities. As human interaction is maximized in the simple meetings between people, added interaction possibilities are enabled in public spaces such as a square or a pedestrian street.

    Public spaces are used as a tool for assembling people in the city. They have positive impact on the city only when they are part of a whole, and works as a network system in the urban structure. This is why urban cohesiveness is essential in the planning of modern cities. Public space is a fundamental feature in the urban structure, endorsing coherence, urban quality and human affiliation, making it an essential element if a city is to be coherent. Cohesion in public spaces can be regulated by the design and planning of cities and either stimulate or dampen the public areas. Gathering people creates opportunities for people to interact on an individual level and thereby stimulate each other, and it is people that need to be gathered rather than buildings.

    Urban activities and the complementarity between public spaces needs to promote social dynamics, which in turn enhances the urban experience, enables urban cohesion and minimizes social exclusion and urban fragmentation.

  • 12884.
    Jacobson, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Broman, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Effekten av fysisk aktivitet hos överviktiga barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12885.
    Jacobson, Max
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Producibility Assessment System: Enhancing modularization, robustness and flexibility2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Developing high-end aerospace components is a complex and highly competitive business. Hence methods for decreasing lead-time, while still providing the same quality and at a lower cost, has to be developed. This thesis is conducted at Research & Technology - GKN Aerospace in Trollhättan Sweden. A multidisciplinary analysis system known internally as Engineering Workbench, forms the base for implementation of the methods and tools developed in this thesis work. The system applies set-based engineering approach to develop new components. The evaluation of the design space is performed through parametric studies to find relations between the design parameters and performance metrics of the design. The engineering workbench allows GKN to define and evaluate a large design space within a limited timeframe. This thesis will look to improve the current producibility assessment system within the EWB by increasing the robustness and flexibility of the system. This is done by re-designing the producibility analysis part system and into a modular knowledge-based system that implements various techniques to increase the robustness and flexibility of the system. The re-designed system is automated, flexible and robust and is able to perform user defined weld assessments on a various designs and provides GKN with weld producibility data.

  • 12886. Jacobsson, A
    et al.
    Pihi-Lindgren, E
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Malnutrition in patients suffering from chronic heart failure: the nurse's care2001In: European Journal of Heart Failure, ISSN 1388-9842, E-ISSN 1879-0844, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 449-456Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12887.
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Schwerin, Erika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sundqvist, Emma
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    An Effective Way of Transferring Knowledge: A Case Study of Knowledge Transfer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12888. Jacobsson, Anna
    et al.
    Pihl, Emma
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Emotions, the meaning of food and heart failure: a grounded theory study.2004In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 514-22Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12889.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Karies och kariesassocierade faktorer bland svenska 15-åringar med invandrarbakgrund2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of caries and caries associated variables in 15-year-olds with a foreign background in relation to Swedish 15-year-olds and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in immigrant adolescents according to their length of residence in Sweden. Methods: All 15-year-old adolescents (n=143) at one public school in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, were asked to participate in the study. The adolescents were divided into two groups according to their background: immigrants and non-immigrants. The final study cohort comprised 117 adolescents: 51 immigrants and 66 non-immigrants. All participants were interviewed individually in a structed interview on background data, diet, oral hygiene habits and fluor exposure. Data on caries prevalence were extracted from the dental records of the examination made when the participants were 15 years old. Results: Immigrant adolescents had significantly more surfaces affected by enamel and dentine caries than non-immigrants, but the proportions of immigrants and non-immigrants who had symptoms of enamel or dentine caries were equal. Adolescents born in Sweden of immigrant parents or who had arrived before 1 year of age had caries prevalence similar to those of non-immigrant adolescents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after seven years of age had a caries prevalence that was 2–3 times higher. Among immigrant adolescents, compared with non-immigrants, a lower proportion ate breakfast regularly and had a higher intake of snack products, and sucrose intake was positively correlated with caries prevalence among immigrants. There were no statistically significant differences in toothbrushing or flossing frequency or use of fluorides between immigrants and non-immigrants, but immigrant adolescents who brushed their teeth only once a day had more than twice as many proximal surfaces affected by caries as immigrants who brushed twice a day. Conclusion: Caries prevalence is higher in immigrant than in Swedish adolescents, especially in adolescents who immigrated to Sweden. After seven years of age. As caries was mainly restricted to the enamel. Immigrant adolescents had on average more caries associated factors than non-immigrants.

  • 12890.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Karies och Kariesassocierade faktorer hos 15-åringar med respektive utan invandrarbakgrund2004In: Nationell tandhygienistkonferens, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of caries and caries associated variables in 15-year-olds with a foreign background in relation to Swedish 15-year-olds and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in immigrant adolescents according to their length of residence in Sweden. Methods: All 15-year-old adolescents (n=143) at one public school in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, were asked to participate in the study. The adolescents were divided into two groups according to their background: immigrants and non-immigrants. The final study cohort comprised 117 adolescents: 51 immigrants and 66 non-immigrants. All participants were interviewed individually in a structed interview on background data, diet, oral hygiene habits and fluor exposure. Data on caries prevalence were extracted from the dental records of the examination made when the participants were 15 years old. Results: Immigrant adolescents had significantly more surfaces affected by enamel and dentine caries than non-immigrants, but the proportions of immigrants and non-immigrants who had symptoms of enamel or dentine caries were equal. Adolescents born in Sweden of immigrant parents or who had arrived before 1 year of age had caries prevalence similar to those of non-immigrant adolescents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after seven years of age had a caries prevalence that was 2–3 times higher. Among immigrant adolescents, compared with non-immigrants, a lower proportion ate breakfast regularly and had a higher intake of snack products, and sucrose intake was positively correlated with caries prevalence among immigrants. There were no statistically significant differences in toothbrushing or flossing frequency or use of fluorides between immigrants and non-immigrants, but immigrant adolescents who brushed their teeth only once a day had more than twice as many proximal surfaces affected by caries as immigrants who brushed twice a day. Conclusion: Caries prevalence is higher in immigrant than in Swedish adolescents, especially in adolescents who immigrated to Sweden. After seven years of age. As caries was mainly restricted to the enamel. Immigrant adolescents had on average more caries associated factors than non-immigrants.

  • 12891.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    On Oral Health in Young Individuals with a Focus on Sweden and Vietnam: A Cultural Perspective2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The overall aim of this thesis was to study culture as an oral health determinant for dental caries and gingivitis in children living in Jönköping, Sweden, in relation to children living in Da Nang, Vietnam.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with clinical examinations and questionnaires were performed in Jönköping, Sweden, with a random sample of 130 children from each of four age groups; 3, 5, 10 and 15 years. The final study sample comprised 739 children, 154 (21%) with two foreign-born parents and 585 (79%) with two Swedish-born parents (Paper I). In 2000, all 15-year-olds (n=143) at one school in Jönköping, Sweden, were asked to participate in a questionnaire study connected to clinical data. The final sample comprised 117 individuals, 51 (44%) with foreign-born parents and 66 (56%) with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In 2008, a cross-sectional study with clinical examinations and questionnaires was performed in Da Nang, Vietnam with 840 randomly selected children, 210 in each of four age groups; 3, 5, 10 and 15 years. The final sample comprised 745 individuals (Papers III and IV).

    RESULTS: In 2003, the mean number of decayed (initial and manifest) and filled tooth surfaces was significantly higher in all age groups in children with foreign-born parents compared with children with Swedish-born parents. The gap between children with foreign-born parents and Swedish-born parents increased over the ten-year period from 1993 to 2003. The odds ratio of dental caries development among 10- and 15-year-old children with foreign-born-parents was more than six times higher than for their counterparts with Swedish-born parents (Paper I). Fifteen-year-olds born in Sweden of foreignborn parents and those who had immigrated before one year of age had a caries prevalence similar to 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents, whereas the caries prevalence in children who had immigrated to Sweden after 7 years of age was 2-3 times higher (Paper II). Among the 3- and 5-year-olds in Vietnam, 98% suffered from dental caries, compared with 91% of 10- and 15-year-olds (Paper IV). The distribution of the most frequent values of decayed and filled primary tooth surfaces (dfs) in 5-year-olds was 16–20, and of decayed and filled permanent tooth surfaces (DFS) in 15-year-olds was 1–5. The maximum dfs was 76–80, and significant numbers of children had dfs between 20 and 50. The percentage of tooth sites with plaque and gingivitis was higher for children in all age groups with foreign-born parents compared with children with Swedish-born parents, except among the 15-year-olds in 2003. In Vietnam, the prevalence of plaque and gingivitis was high in all age groups, especially in 10- and 15-year-olds. Fifteen-yearolds in Sweden with foreign-born parents had a higher intake of snack products between principal meals compared with 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In Sweden, most children in all age groups brushed their teeth themselves or with help from their parents twice or more than twice a day (Paper I). Among 3- and 5-year-olds in Vietnam, about half of the parents reported that their children brushed their teeth themselves or with help from parents twice or more than twice a day (Paper III). All 3-year-olds and 99% of 5-year-olds in Sweden brushed their teeth with fluoride toothpaste (Paper I). Among 15-year-olds in Sweden with foreign-born parents, 88% reported that they brushed their teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day compared with 98% of 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In Vietnam, 44–78% of the children used fluoride toothpaste for toothbrushing and 51% consumed sweets between principal meals at least once a day (Paper III). Sweetened milk was the most common source of this sugar intake for the 3- and 5-year-olds (Paper III).

    CONCLUSIONS: Culture is an important oral health determinant for dental caries and gingivitis in children. There is an urgent need to improve oral health care promotion and preventive programmes for children with foreign-born parents in Sweden, but also a great need for such programmes for children in Vietnam.

  • 12892.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    On oral health in young individuals with foreign and Swedish backgrounds2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, children and adolescents with two foreign-born parents constitute 17% of all children in the Swedish population.

    AIMS: The aims of this thesiswere to collect knowledge of the prevalence of gingivitis, caries and caries associated variables, in the 3-, 5-, 10- and 15-year age groups with two foreign born parents compared with their counterparts with Swedish-born parents in a ten-year perspective (Study I). To investigate the prevalence of caries and caries-associated variables in 15-year-olds in relation to foreign backgrounds and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in adolescents with foreign backgrounds according to their length of residence in Sweden (StudyII).

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups of 3, 5, 10 and 15 years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. The oral health status of all individuals was examined clinically and radiographically. The children or their parents also answered a questionnaire about their attitudes to, and knowledge of, teeth and oral health care habits. The final study sample comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with two foreign-born parents (F cohort) and 585 with two Swedish-born parents (S cohort) (Study I). In Study II, all 15-year-olds(n=143) at one school in the city of Jönköping were asked to participate in the study. The final sample comprised 117 individuals, 51 with foreign-born parents and 66 with Swedish-born parents. All the individuals were interviewed using a structured questionnaire with visualisation e.g. food packages, sweets and snacks. Information about DFS was collected from case records at the Public Dental Service.

    RESULTS: In both 1993 and 2003, more 3- and 5-yearolds in the S cohort were caries free compared with the F cohort. In 1993, dfs was higher among 3- and 5-year-olds in the F cohort (p<0.01) compared with the S cohort. In 2003, dfs/DFS was statistically significantly higher in all age groups among children and adolescents in the F cohort compared with the S cohort. In 2003, the odds ratio of being exposed to dental caries among 10- and 15-year-olds in the F cohort, adjusted for gender and age, was more than six times higher (OR=6.3, 95% CI:2.51-15.61; p<0.001) compared with the S cohort (Study I). Fifteen-year-olds born in Sweden with foreign-born parents, or who had arrived before one year of age, had a caries prevalence similar to that of adolescents with Swedish-born parents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after seven years of age had a caries prevalence that was two to three times higher (p <0.06) (Study II). Both in 1993 and 2003, the mean of the percentage of tooth sites with plaque and gingivitis was numerically higher in all age groups in individuals with foreign backgrounds compared with Swedish background, except between the 15-year-olds (Study I).

    CONCLUSIONS: The decrease in caries prevalence, in a ten-year perspective, was less among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents compared with children and adolescents with Swedish-born parents. In 2003, there was statistically significantly more caries in all age groups among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents compared with children and adolescents with Swedish-born parents. Children who immigrated to Sweden at age seven or later had a two to three times higher caries prevalence compared with their Swedish counterparts. The odds ratio for being exposed to dental caries was almost six times higher for 10- and 15-year olds with foreign-born parents compared with their Swedish counterparts. The intake of carbohydrate-rich food was higher among 15-year olds with foreign backgrounds compared to those with Swedish background. There is an obvious need to improve the promotion of oral health care programmes among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents.

  • 12893.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Research to develop system for oral health among children in Vietnam: a cross sectional study between Sweden and Vietnam (Da Nang)2008In: Making Health care Sustainable and Affordable, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12894.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ho, Thanh Thi
    Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Chuong, Hoang Ngoc
    Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care, and dietary habits2015In: Journal of Public Health Dentistry, ISSN 0022-4006, E-ISSN 1752-7325, Vol. 75, no 4, p. 308-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    This study's aim was to present data on the sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care, and dietary habits among children aged 3, 5, 10, and 15 years in Da Nang, Vietnam.

    Methods

    A cross-sectional epidemiological questionnaire study was conducted in a population of 840 children randomly selected by their year and month of birth (January to July), including 210 individuals in each age group. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by the parents of 3- and 5-year-olds, and a modified questionnaire was given to 10- and 15-year-olds to complete by themselves.

    Results

    Mass media constituted the main source of oral healthcare information. Parents assisted with tooth brushing in 86 percent of 3-year-olds and 71 percent of 5-year-olds. Fluoride toothpaste was used by 44-78 percent of children, with no clear age-related trend. Within the past year, 60 percent of 3- and 5-year-olds, 20 percent of 10-year-olds, and 49 percent of 15-year-olds reported they had not visited a dental professional. Sweets were consumed between principal meals by 70-80 percent of children. Milk with sugar was regularly consumed by 71 percent of 3-year-olds and 91 percent of 5-year-olds.

    Conclusions

    Children showed frequent sugar consumption and insufficient frequency of brushing their teeth with fluoride toothpaste. Food-based dietary guidelines should play a significant role in nutrition and oral health. It is especially important that oral health prevention programs reach preschool children before they establish unhealthy dietary habits. Parental education about oral health and access to oral healthcare services are also needed to improve children's oral health.

  • 12895.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ho Thi, T
    Hoang Ngoc, C
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral Health of Children in Da Nang, Vietnam: Dental caries, caries associated factors and gingivitisManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 12896.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ho Thi, T
    Hoang Ngoc, C
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral Health of Children in Da Nang, Vietnam: Sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care and dietary habitsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 12897.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Ho Thi, Thanh
    National Technical College of Medicine No II.
    Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour about dental diseases and dental care habits in adolescents in Jönköping, Sweden and in Da Nang, Vietnam2008In: Knowledge, attitude and behaviour in oral health care among 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and DaNang, Vietnam, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article was to present data about oral hygiene and knowledge about dental diseases and dental care habits in 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and 10-11 year-olds in Da Nang, Vietnam in 2003. Methods A random sample of 206 individuals 10 and 15 year olds, from the City of Jönköping and 369 individuals from the City of Da Nang, were asked about their attitudes towards and knowledge of teeth and dental care habits. Results In Jönköping 9% answered that gingivitis is the same as inflammation of the gum. In Da Nang study 40% knew about early sign of gingivitis (easily gum bleeding).  67% in Jönköping answered that bacteria and sugar cause the acid that gives caries. In Da Nang 47% could answer correctly the cause of dental caries. The percentage of children who brush their teeth twice a day was the same, around 80 %, in both studies. In Jönköping 100% of the children used fluoride toothpaste. In Da Nang 73 % always used Fluoride toothpaste and 14 % did not know if the toothpaste they used contained Fluoride or not.

  • 12898.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Koch, Göran
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral health and coherent determinants in children and adolescents with foreign background compared to Swedish youth2010In: Oral health - new concepts for the new millenium: Glasgow 1/3 July 2010 / [ed] Marjolijn Hovius, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children and adolescents with foreign background compared to children with Swedish background. Methods: In 1993 and 2003 cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3-,5-,10- and 15-years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. All individuals were personally invited to a clinical and radiographic examination of oral health status. They were also asked about their attitudes and knowledge about teeth and oral health care habits. The final study cohort comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with Foreign background (F-cohort) and 585 with Swedish background (S-cohort). Results: Both in 1993 and 2003 more 3- and 5-year-olds in the S-cohort were caries-free compared to the F-cohort. In 1993 dfs/DFS was higher among 3- and 5-year-olds in the F-cohort (p=0.01). In 2003 dfs/DFS was significantly higher in all age groups in the F-cohort compared to the S-cohort. The cumulative percentage of proximal caries-free, initial and manifest lesions and restorations among 10-year-olds in the F-cohort were in 1993 55%, 23%, 4% and 18%. The corresponding figures for the S-cohort were 69%, 20%, 6% and 5%, respectively. In 2003 figures in the F-cohort were 54%, 29%, 4% and 13% compared to 82%, 12%, 1% and 5% in the S-cohort (p=0.037). Among males with foreign background and lived in families with low education, the odds was four times higher (OR=4.0 +95%CI; 2.2-7.2) to be exposed to dental caries, then among their Swedish counterparts. Conclusions: There had been a decline in caries prevalence between 1993 and 2003 in all age-groups except among the 3-year-olds. However the improvement of dfs/DFS was stronger in the S-cohort in all age-groups and the gap between the F- and S-cohorts was considerable larger in 2003 compared to 10 years earlier.

  • 12899.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Koch, Göran
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral Health in young individuals with foreign and Swedish backgrounds - a ten-year perspective2011In: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, ISSN 1818-6300, E-ISSN 1996-9805, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 151-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:

    To investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children with foreign backgrounds compared with children with a Swedish background, during a ten year period.

    DESIGN AND METHODS:

    In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3, 5, 10 and 15 years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. All the individuals were personally invited to a clinical and radiographic examination of their oral health status. They were also asked about their attitudes to and knowledge of teeth and oral health care habits. The final study sample comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with a foreign background (F cohort) and 585 with a Swedish background (S cohort).

    RESULTS:

    In both 1993 and 2003, more 3- and 5 year olds in the S cohort were caries-free compared with the F cohort. In 1993, dfs was higher among 3- and 5 year olds in the F cohort (p<0.01) compared with the S cohort. In 2003, dfs/DFS was statistically significantly higher in all age groups among children and adolescents in the F cohort compared with the S cohort. When it came to proximal tooth surfaces, the percentages of individuals who were caries-free, with initial carious lesions, with manifest carious lesions and with restorations among 10-year-olds in the F cohort were 55%, 23%, 4% and 18% in 1993. The corresponding figures for the S cohort were 69%, 20%, 6% and 5% respectively. In 2003, the values for the F cohort were 54%, 29%, 4% and 13% compared with 82%, 12%, 1% and 5% in the S cohort. In 2003, the odds of being exposed to dental caries among 10- and 15-yearolds in the F cohort, adjusted for gender and age, were more than six times higher (OR=6.3, 95% CI:2.51-15.61; p<0.001) compared with the S cohort.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    There has been a decline in caries prevalence between 1993 and 2003 in all age groups apart from 3-year-olds. However, the improvement in dfs/DFS was greater in the S cohort compared with the F cohort in all age groups. The difference between the F and S cohorts in terms of dfs/ DFS was larger in 2003 compared with 10 years earlier. In 2003, the odds ratio for being exposed to dental caries was almost six times higher for 10- and 15-year-olds with two foreign-born parents compared with their Swedish counterparts.

  • 12900.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Thanh, Ho Thi
    Dental Department, Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Chuong, Hoang Ngoc
    Dental Department, Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral health of children and adolescents in Da Nang2014In: Oral Hygiene & Health, ISSN 2332-0672, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study comprising 840 randomly selected children in the age groups of 3, 5, 10 and 15 year-olds. All children were clinically examined for number of teeth, dental caries, dental fillings, plaque, gingivitis and probing pocket depth. Dental care and dietary habits were collected using a self-reported questionnaire. Among 3 and 5 year olds, 98% suffered from dental caries, compared to 91% of 10 and 15 year olds. The mean (SD) of decayed (initial and manifest) and filled tooth surfaces (dfs/DFS) in the different age groups was: 18.2 (14.1), 23.0 (15.4), 5.1 (4.2) and 6.9 (6.0), respectively. There was an average of ~ 30% in all age groups with plaque and gingivitis. Consuming milk with sugar more than 2–3 times a week (3 and 5 year olds) and eating sweets between principal meals twice a day (in 10 and 15 year olds) were statistically significant with caries prevalence. It is concluded that dental caries and gingivitis are significant public health problems among children in Da Nang, Vietnam.

255256257258259260261 12851 - 12900 of 29161
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf