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  • 1151.
    Winroth, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Outsourcing vs. Collaboration in Manufacturing Networks: From a manufacturing strategy perspective2004In: Proceedings of the Second World Conference on POM and 15th Annual POM Conference, 2004Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most important components in manufacturing strategy is quality, which in fact has become more or less a matter of course. Purchased material is subject to inspection upon reception. At the same time, the degree of outsourcing is steadily increasing in the manufacturing industry, often motivated by reduction of cost. The dimension of interaction, concerning e.g. product design, is often lost on the way, which can cause problems in manufacturing. The company is thus forced to keep a certain competence in manufacturing in order to be able of discussing with the suppliers. One way of getting the advantages of outsourcing and still keeping a climate of continuous learning between the companies is to cooperate in manufacturing networks. This paper elaborates on different views on manufacturing strategies among Swedish manufacturing companies and the suggestion that collaborating networks can give certain competitive advantages.

  • 1152.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Almström, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University.
    Indicators of sustainable production: A survey among Swedish manufacturing industry2014In: Proceedings of the 1st International EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum, Groningen, March 24-25, 2014., International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development has become more and more in focus over a number of years. Sustainability is however quite large issue, involving environmental, economical, and social aspects, and the question is how it may apply to production within the factory walls. This paper describes the outcome from testing 52 suggested Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) in a survey to Swedish manufacturing industry. The answering rate was 10 %, resulting in 65 answers from randomly selected responding companies. All KPIs were more or less used, but 27 KPIs indicated statistical significance, constituting 6 environmental, 13 economic, and 8 social indicators.

  • 1153.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Almström, Peter
    Andersson, Carin
    Sustainable indicators at factory level – a framework for practical assessment2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1154.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Almström, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University.
    Sustainable production indicators at factory level2016In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 842-873Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Sustainable production (SP) is a very broad area and the awareness and communication of the concept differ between varying levels in a company. The supposition is that the awareness and improvement of sustainability on shop floor level would improve, if a suitable set of indicators for measuring sustainability was available. The purpose of this paper is therefore to identify a list of performance indicators relevant for a production manager.

    Design/methodology/approach – This paper presents a two-step analysis, where the first step is a literature review with the purpose of compiling a gross list of sustainability indicators relevant on shop floor level. In the second phase, the relevance of this list for production managers in Swedish small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is tested in a questionnaire survey.

    Findings – The conclusion from the survey is that 27 out of 52 proposed indicators were relevant with statistical significance and that another 20 indicators were supported by at least 50 percent of the respondents. The respondents found the economic indicators to be most relevant for their purpose. However, the economic field seems to need more indicators in order to be more useful for daily operation.

    Practical implications – This set of indicators may be beneficial for companies seeking relevant indicators to drive sustainability improvements.

    Originality/value – This paper takes a new perspective on SP, as it focusses on shop floor production, which is possible to influence for a production manager.

  • 1155.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bennett, David
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    International Production Networks in the Automotive Industry: Drivers and Enablers2017In: Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Production Research, International Conference on Production Research (ICPR) , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive industry was one of the earliest to internationalise, with overseas production by US companies already happening in the early 1900s. However, the arrangement for overseas automotive production at that time was quite different from the idea of international production networks in the contemporary sense. There were few linkages between international locations and overseas operations were designed either as largely self-sufficient, vertically integrated, replications of their domestic factories or as CKD/SKD assembly plants with little local technical content. By comparison, our current understanding of international production networks is that they are dispersed, collaborative, high value adding and centrally coordinated. This paper uses global company case analysis to identify the drivers and enablers that shape the international production networks of two automotive companies, BMW and Volvo Cars. The methodology contrasts with previous network studies of the automotive industry that have concentrated their analysis at the country and regional level.      

  • 1156.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Björkman, Mats
    LIU, IKP.
    Application of Manufacturing Strategies: The influence of manufacturing strategies upon the decision process when investing in new assembly equipment2001In: CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 31, p. 6-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results from a series of interviews at Ericsson Mobile Communications AB in Sweden.

    Topics covered are both the overall objectives of the company and the manufacturing strategies formulated to support these objectives. One interesting issue is the status of manufacturing and the influence manufacturing is allowed to have upon the process of designing new phones and developing new technology. The strategies are compared to some theory in the area and similarities and differences are discussed. Finally there is a discussion of manufacturing of cellular phones in the future, closely related to the design of future products.

  • 1157.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Björkman, Mats
    LiU, IKP.
    Application of Manufacturing Strategies: The influence of manufacturing strategies upon the decision process when investing in new assembly equipment2000In: Proceedings from the 33rd CIRP International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems, 2000Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results from a series of interviews at Ericsson Mobile Communications AB in Sweden. Topics covered are both the overall objectives of the company and the manufacturing strategies formulated to support these objectives. One interesting issue is the status of manufacturing and the influence manufacturing is allowed to have upon the process of designing new phones and developing new technology. The strategies are compared to some theory in the area and similarities and differences are discussed. Finally there is a discussion of manufacturing of cellular phones in the future, closely related to the design of future products.

  • 1158.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Björkman, Mats
    LIU, IKP.
    Aspects On Manufacturing Strategy: A Case Study At Saab Automobile, Sweden2001In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Production and Operations Management Society: POM-2001, 2001Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Saab Automobile, Sweden, is a relatively small car manufacturer in the prestige car segment. Saab is fully owned by GM since the beginning of 2000. This article is based on a series of interviews. Questions dealt with are: the process of going from a poor financial result to a successful car manufacturer, experiences so far from being a part of the largest company in the world, and implementation of manufacturing strategies. As a step in this process, Saab has developed its own model of lean manufacturing, called the QLE/H-concept, and is now introducing the Andon sys-tem.

  • 1159.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Björkman, Mats
    LIU, IKP.
    Manufacturing strategies: A survey among medium sized enterprises in Sweden2001In: Proceedings of the 34th CIRP International Seminar On Manufacturing Systems, 2001Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing is the part of many companies that involves most of the investments made in the company. Thus it is extremely important to get a sufficient return on these investments. The manufacturing equipment must be utilized in a competitive way. This paper presents the findings from a survey at 145 medium sized companies in Sweden regarding their work with manufacturing strategies. 62 companies answered the form and 52 companies said that they had a manufacturing strategy. Quality, lead-time, and flexibility were considered very important. Delivery precision appears to be even more important than the actual product cost.

  • 1160.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Björkman, Mats
    LiU, IKP.
    Manufacturing strategies: A survey among medium sized enterprises in Sweden2003In: CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 9-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing is the part of many companies that involves most of the investments made in the company. Thus it is extremely important to get a sufficient return on these investments. The manufacturing equipment must be utilized in a competitive way. This paper presents the findings from a survey at 145 medium sized companies in Sweden regarding their work with manufacturing strategies. 62 companies answered the form and 52 companies said that they had a manufacturing strategy. Quality, lead-time, and flexibility were considered very important. Delivery precision appears to be even more important than the actual product cost.

  • 1161.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Björkman, Mats
    LIU, IKP.
    Use of Manufacturing strategies in reality: A company’s overall view of manufacturing and possible obstacles to realization of the strategies2000In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Managing Innovative Manufacturing: MIM 2000, 2000, p. 658-667Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    A study of Ericsson regarding manufacturing and its position in the company. At Ericsson manufacturing has a fairly high rank and is also involved in the product development process at an early stage. The responsibilities for developing manufacturing strategies are delegated to the people at the different plants. Some small differences and competition between the plants are accepted, as long as it does not have a bad influence on the result. Any cultural differences could however be a severe obstacle to realizing the strategies. Further studies could cover small and medium enterprises and their adoption of manufacturing strategies.

  • 1162.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Borges, Luis
    Tech Monterrey, Mexico City.
    How different is Sweden from Mexico?: A continuous improvement survey comparison2004In: Proceedings of the Second World Conference on POM and 15th Annual POM Conference, 2004Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Continuous improvement techniques are important tools for enabling companies to improve their operations. The implementation of these techniques is however estimated to be quite different around the world. Continuous improvement is a thermometer that companies can use to feel their health in this hectic market. This paper compares two countries, Mexico and Sweden, which are considered to be quite different in culture and industrial structure, in terms of the use of continuous improvement tools and techniques, such as TQM, Kaizen, Six-Sigma, and Lean Manufacturing.

    The surveys in the two countries are based on the same scale, sample size, and industrial sector. A definition of each of the key-words was included in the questionnaire. The results indicate both similarities and differences in the strengths and weaknesses of the companies. The companies can work on the results to benchmark themselves and they can reinforce their strengths as well as to reduce their weaknesses.

  • 1163.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Linking Manufacturing Strategies to Design of Production Systems in Collaborative Manufacturing Settings2003In: Proceedings of the POM 2003 Conference, 2003Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Competition has forced companies to collaborate in manufacturing network settings to be capably to deliver complete subsystems. We suggest in this paper an analytical tool to analyze the linkages between manufacturing strategies and design of production systems in collaborative manufacturing network settings. We show how this analytical tool might be used to analyze how companies in such networks synchronize their manufacturing strategies and production systems in terms of competitive priorities and synergies between them. The findings in this paper are based on a series of interviews with people at companies in a collaborative network delivering heavy vehicles.

  • 1164.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Manufacturing Strategies: Congruence Of Manufacturing Processes Within A Supply Chain2002In: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Production and Operations Management Society: POM-2002, 2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    It is extremely important that companies, working together in a system manufacturer/sub supplier relationship, agree on which strategic factors to prioritize. A mismatch could make the cooperation less successful than if they agree on the competitive priorities. A tool for evaluating the congruence between the manufacturing strategies and the existing manufacturing system has been described by Professor John Miltenburg (1995). Säfsten and Winroth (2001) developed this tool further. The purpose of this paper is to show one example of using this tool for a supply chain, i.e. for a system manufacturer and his sub suppliers.

  • 1165.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Boix Miralles, Rafa
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya.
    Manufacturing Networks: Critical Factors to Successful Collaboration2004In: CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 33, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The competitive situation for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, SME’s, has become intensified during the last few years. Large customers, such as within the automotive industry, have increased the outsourcing of their manufacturing capacity and reduced the number of suppliers. At the same time the large systems integrators place demands on their suppliers to actively participate in the product development and to take full responsibility for manufacturing as well as to deliver complete systems or subsystems. Due to the limited capacity of the suppliers, in terms of the scarcity of resources and limited knowledge base, suppliers need to collaborate in networks. The purpose of this study is to identify critical factors to successful network collaborative settings. In this paper we also introduce a four dimensional tentative framework, in terms of surface of integration, the scope of integration, the time horizon of integration, and the intensity of integration. This framework can be used to analyze how well collaborative networks are developed from three aspects of corporate integration, in terms of structural design of the network, the design of the work flow in collaborative settings, and aspect of handling the psychological and social boundaries among people, that management has to handle in order to increase the degrees of network collaboration. This tentative framework is suggested as an analytical tool that can be used in order to understand how different collaborative networks are developed in terms of the network constellation, output of the collaborative process, as well as duration and robustness of the network.

  • 1166.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Fernández Aguilar, Alfonso
    Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Flaquer Borràs, Oriol
    Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Dynamics of sourcing A. & , O., 2007, , ,: Strategic implications of outsourcing and insourcing2007In: Proceedings of the 14th International Annual EurOMA Conference- Managing Operations in an Expanding Europe, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a strategic manufacturing perspective, companies are facing challenges in finding a balance in what they do on their own and what their suppliers do. This balance requires some times that companies are outsourcing and sometimes insourcing activities. One conclusion is that outsourcing should be considered as a strategic decision that is not easily made by purchasing or operations departments. Many companies tend to outsource more and more of their manufacturing to specialists, which however does not mean that companies can afford to loose their competence in manufacturing. It is still essential that the companies, even though another company performs parts of the actual manufacturing, understand the special conditions for manufacturing. Otherwise they are not in a position where they can discuss product development, specification of the different tasks that they want the contractors to do, and they can certainly not make the right decisions when buying components and parts from suppliers. Outsourcing decisions also need to be strategically justifiable; outsourcing only for cost reasons is rarely successful. Outsourcing should provide other advantages in terms of improvement of competitive priorities. For different reasons, it may also end up in a situation where the company needs to insource previously outsourced activities.

  • 1167.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management. Produktionssystem.
    Jackson, Mats
    PPD, MdH.
    Manufacturing competition through the Factory-in-a-Box concept2007In: Proceedings of the 18th Annual POM Conference, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s business environment is dominated by change and uncertainty, and global competition is diminishing defined markets. Manufacturing success and survival are becoming more difficult to sustain and it is recognized that low cost and high quality alone are not enough to sustain firm’s competitive position in market place. Market uncertainty and frequent introductions of new products has created a growing need for responsive manufacturing systems. Thus, there is a growing demand for well-formulated and implemented manufacturing strategies which provide necessary support for developing and sustaining relevant order-winners and qualifiers, which enable rapid product realization as well as flexibility and reconfigurability within operations. The objective of this paper is to analyze and investigate flexible and reconfigurable production systems from a manufacturing strategy point of view. An ongoing research project in Sweden called Factory-in-a-Box will be presented which is one initiative in this area.

  • 1168.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Jackson, Mats
    PPD, MdH.
    Manufacturing competition through the Factory-in-a-Box concept2007In: Proceedings of the 18th Annual POM Conference, 2007Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s business environment is dominated by change and uncertainty, and global competition is diminishing defined markets. Manufacturing success and survival are becoming more difficult to sustain and it is recognized that low cost and high quality alone are not enough to sustain firm’s competitive position in market place. Market uncertainty and frequent introductions of new products has created a growing need for responsive manufacturing systems. Thus, there is a growing demand for well-formulated and implemented manufacturing strategies which provide necessary support for developing and sustaining relevant order-winners and qualifiers, which enable rapid product realization as well as flexibility and reconfigurability within operations. The objective of this paper is to analyze and investigate flexible and reconfigurable production systems from a manufacturing strategy point of view. An ongoing research project in Sweden called Factory-in-a-Box will be presented which is one initiative in this area.

  • 1169.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Implications from introducing sustainability in manufacturing strategies2008In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual POM Conference, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing focus on sustainability in society forces industrial companies to consider environmental impacts resulting from their activities. Unfortunately, research within the “environmental” domain has to a high degree evolved separately from the “manufacturing” domain, leading to poor understanding regarding how to manage environmental issues in a manufacturing context. To reduce this flaw, this paper takes the starting point in a manufacturing strategy perspective and analyses implications occurring from the inclusion of environmental issues in industrial companies. The paper suggests that concern for environmental issues influence more or less all of the manufacturing strategy decision criteria. Environmental concern may e.g. affect the decision on manufacturing process choice (e.g. new product technology may require new types of manufacturing processes) or on process technology (e.g. new manufacturing equipment are needed). Therefore, the paper concludes that it is paramount to consider environmental issues when formulating and effectuating the manufacturing strategy.

  • 1170.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Muhammad, Abid
    Almgren, Bengt
    Bennett, David
    Nunes, Breno
    Sustaining local manufacturing: a longitudinal study of Swedish companies2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1171.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Solding, Petter
    Swecast, Produktionssystem.
    Effektiv produktion på låda med Factory-in-a-Box2005In: Gjuteriet, ISSN 0017-0682, no 2, p. 14-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1172.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Stahre, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Dynamiska Automationsnivåer2008In: Gjuteriet, ISSN 0017-0682, no 1, p. 24-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Man måste veta varför man automatiserar och hur det kan bidra till konkurrensförmågan. Alltför låg automation ger till exempel låg prestanda och höga kostnader. En för hög automation leder bland annat till höga investeringskostnader och svårhanterliga produktionssystem. Ett lämpligt val av automationsnivå leder däremot till strategiska fördelar och konkurrenskraft.

  • 1173.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Automation Strategies: Implications on strategy process from refinement of manufacturing strategy content2008In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual POM Conference, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Automation decisions are often based on vague ideas that it is always good to automate and thus reducing manpower. These decisions need however to be linked to company manufacturing strategies. If we study the manufacturing strategy field, we can see that these decisions give large consequences in many decision categories. Articles on manufacturing strategy content have been written by e.g. Skinner (1969), Wheelwright & Hayes (1985), Ward et al (1996), Hill (1995), and Swink & Way (1995). Hayes and Wheelwright (1984) developed the content, in terms of decision criteria, as they provided examples of decisions characteristics. This article reviews existing theory on manufacturing strategy content and highlights the implications for manufacturing strategy process when adding more decision characteristics from automation.

  • 1174.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Development Of A Manufacturing Strategy Tool Useful To SME – An Interactive Approach2013In: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Production Research, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper report results from a project that deals with manufacturing strategy in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The project followed an interactive research approach in an iterative manner through four main phases. With these four phases as a foundation, four case studies were carried out. As the project evolved, it became clear that the chosen research approach played a crucial role for the achieved results, which is also what this paper focuses upon. The paper argues that through an interactive research approach, working intensively together with the companies, we have been able to develop an easy-to-use tool that the companies can use and update as needed. The companies have all increased their knowledge on manufacturing strategy as a way of improving competiveness, The research team has increased the knowledge on how manufacturing strategy can be made available and useful for SMEs, and gathered this into an easy-to-use tool, the STRATEGO-tool.

  • 1175.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Research Results Improve Learning and Understanding in Master Courses - The use of a manufacturing strategy tool2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 25, p. 47-54Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The analytical STRATEGO-tool has been used in total 48 project groups in master courses at Chalmers University of Technology from spring term of 2015. The project trains the students in applying theoretical tools at real organizations with a specific interest in analyzing their use of operations strategy. This paper presents the outcome from these courses and specifically discusses its usability as a pedagogic tool in different contexts, even though the intention with the tool initially was to constitute a tool for SMEs who wanted to develop their manufacturing strategies. 

  • 1176.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lindström, Veronica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Frohm, Jörgen
    PPU, CTH.
    Stahre, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Automation Strategies: Refinement of Manufacturing Strategy Content2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Automated manufacturing systems are regarded as highly productive, which improves company’s competitiveness. Many companies consider automation as either fully automated or entirely manual. This is never true since there is always a combination of automated and manual tasks. The delicate issue is to choose the level of automation, LoA, which is best for the purpose. When planning and implementing automated manufacturing systems, a large number of issues need to be considered. Traditional manufacturing strategy theory however treats automation as one subset of process technology decision category. In our research we have come to the conclusion that automation decisions affect much more of the company’s operation activities. Thus, there is a need for developing the manufacturing strategy field in order to embrace relevant aspects/decisions in all of the decision categories. This paper aims at bridging the gap in traditional manufacturing strategy theory and highlights the additional decisions that are necessary in order to cover automation.

    The authors suggest a decision support tool that highlights the different actions that are needed when changing the level of automation in manufacturing systems.

  • 1177.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Löfving, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Edh, Nina
    A tentative comprehensive manufacturing strategy framework adapted to the requirements in SME2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well-known that small and medium sized manufacturing enterprises (SMMEs) lack resources to work actively with their manufacturing strategies. Previous frameworks and tools have shown to work fairly well, but they are too complicated for the SMMEs. This paper presents a suggestion for an easy to use tool.

  • 1178.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Stahre, Johan
    Automation strategies: Existing theory or ad hoc solutions?2005In: POM 2005 : 16th Annual Conference Proceedings of POMS: "OM frontiers: winds of change" : Chicago, April 29 - May 2, 2005 : proceedings - full length papers., 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern manufacturing systems are often semi-automated, i.e. integrating both manual and automated operations. How, and even if, automation should be realized are often ad hoc decisions and not based on structured decision making. This paper examines three approaches to automation decisions: top-down, bottom-up, and contingency. Top management initiates a top-down approach to automation of production. On the contrary, when the decision about automation stems from e.g. the operators, a bottom-up approach is applied. We propose a third way, the contingency approach, which links decisions regarding automation to manufacturing strategies and competitive priorities of the company. Making automation decisions is one of several decision areas that emerge as a consequence of choosing a certain type of production system. The paper discusses important factors for the success of different approaches. Different approaches are illustrated with examples from Swedish manufacturing industry.

  • 1179.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Stahre, Johan
    Automation strategies: Existing theory or ad hoc solutions?2007In: International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management (IJMTM), ISSN 1368-2148, E-ISSN 1741-5195, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 98-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Automating manufacturing systems potentially improves competitiveness. Empirical studies show that the most successful result is achieved when decisions concerning automation are linked to the manufacturing strategies and competitive priorities of the company. It is suggested that automation is regarded as a separate decision group, within the manufacturing strategy content field.

  • 1180.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Stahre, Johan
    Automation Strategies: Requirements on the Strategy Process2006In: The morphology of innovative manufacturing systems: 9th CIRP International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems / [ed] P Butala; G Hlebanja, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Automation is a way to improve competitiveness. Previous studies have shown that best results of automa-tion decisions are reached if decisions are integrated in the company’s manufacturing strategy. Automation decisions comprise much more than just the very choice to automate and many aspects need to be taken into account. In this article, we describe new demands that are raised on the strategy process when automa-tion is integrated in the manufacturing strategy. Furthermore, the implementation of automation strategies calls for a number of issues to take into consideration.

  • 1181.
    Wirzén, Andree
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Samuelsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Lagerhantering på Voice AB2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This examination paper is a lead in the educational program Industrial Management at Jönköping University. The paper itself contains an analysis of the warehouse organisation and its efficiency at the furniture company Voice AB in Torsvik, just south of Jönköping, Sweden. The report also contains propositions to raise the level of efficiency in the company warehouse and warehouse management.

    In the investigation of the warehouse a number of possible improvements were found. Examples are lack of a system for labelling shelves and racks, lack of an efficient location system and development possibilities in work routines. For the empirical investigation both qualitative and quantitative methods ware used. The quantitative methods were used to investigate the physical prerequisites of the warehouse layout, and ratios concerning the handling of components and products. The qualitative methods have been used to get an overview of the handling routines in the warehouse.

    Examples of proposals are among others a system for labelling racks and shelves, new routines in warehouse management and location system. The warehouse slots should be labelled with a system where department, racks, shelves and height can be read from the warehouse slot address. Voice AB should also write a document where it is stated which tasks are associated with specific workers in the warehouse. They should also have a discussion about the strategic parameters in forming an efficient location system for the warehouse.

  • 1182.
    Wirén, Carina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Stanikowski, Adrian
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Konceptstudie på plug-and-play system2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report deals with a bachelor’s degree project in Product Development and Design at Jönköping University 2018. The thesis was carried out on behalf of Orkla House Care AB as the concluding part of the Mechanical Engineering program. The work was carried out by Adrian Stanikowski and Carina Wirén.

    The work consisted of developing an extensional concept on a plug-and-play system. Orkla House Care AB bought Anza, a manufacturer of various painting tools, in 2012. Selected products have an extensibility that gives them a more ergonomic approach to painting ceilings, walls, and floors. The existing extension system has an outgoing patent and therefore Orkla House Care has designed this project focusing on product development and construction.

    To get a clearer picture of what users are looking for at the product, a preliminary study was carried out. After the completion of this preliminary study, a product specification could be created. At the idea generation phase, all ideas were recorded where the product specification was omitted to avoid limiting creative thinking. The specification was then the foundation of the final concepts chosen by screening.

    The work focused on creating a user-friendly extension system that clearly shows the function. The focus area has primarily included the elimination of the end plug of the extensible tool, as well as avoiding the use of buttons for attachment and detachment. This focus is to avoid as many misunderstandings for the user as possible.

    The result of the work was a new plug-and-play system with a new design solution.

  • 1183.
    Wixenius, Emmy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Olsson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Kalkyl för logistikkostnader; från leverantör till förbrukningsplats2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The globalization that has occurred during the last few years has made it more important for companies to have a well-functioning logistics system. Customers demand more options, which lead to an increased flow that creates greater demand regarding packaging and transports. Diverse logistics costs are nowadays a substantial cost for many companies. Therefore, more effort is aimed at optimizing transportation to lower these costs.

    The purpose of this project is to create a user-friendly calculation of logistics costs that illustrates how the costs vary, depending on how the flow is structured. This is done by examining which aspects that affect the total logistics costs and by mapping which aspects that should be included in a calculation of the logistics costs.

    Literature studies have been carried out parallel with empirical studies at Scania's production unit, MC, in Oskarshamn. A calculation of logistics costs is created for them with the purpose of making the materials supply system more efficient. Purchasing agreements are negotiated by Scania’s headquarters in Södertälje, whereas Scania Oskarshamn would like to evaluate the supplier suggestions from a logistics perspective. The company has declared that they are in need of a user-friendly calculation of logistics costs that can be used by many different employees.

    An analysis of the current situation is carried out in order to create a broad foundation of knowledge, regarding what aspects are most important to include in the calculation before creating it. The situation analysis is done through interviews and observations at the company. It shows that there are many different flows, both concerning internal material handling as well as transportation flows from suppliers to Scania Oskarshamn. As a consequence of this, a lot of effort is put into finding ways of simplifying the flows without decreasing the quality of the calculation, meaning its validity.

    The calculation includes five options: weight, volume, packaging, number of boxes on a EUR-pallet, and number of articles in a package. Further, it contains two different parts; one of them is a calculation of transportation costs and the other is a calculation of internal handling. The transportation calculation is founded on data from invoices, gathered and compiled during one year. The calculation of internal handling is founded on handling costs that occur depending on what packages the articles are delivered in, from the supplier. Many of the costs that occur cannot be ascribed to a certain category of packages. Therefore, the allocation of costs is done through allocation keys, according to Activity-Based Costing. The allocations of costs vary in the different areas, because it has not been possible to identify allocation keys to all of them.

    Finally a discussion takes place, concerning the aspects included in the current calculation against those mentioned in the literature. It is also discussed how other companies can make use of the result of this project, to create a calculation of logistics costs for their own business.

  • 1184.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Ahlin, Peter
    Husqvarna AB, Huskvarna, Sweden.
    Visual representations for communication in geographically distributed new product development projects2019In: Journal of engineering design (Print), ISSN 0954-4828, E-ISSN 1466-1837, Vol. 30, no 8-9, p. 385-403Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the role of visual representations in supporting communication between an R&D team and geographically distributed suppliers for a new product development (NPD) project. It specifically focuses on the design and use of visual representations as a feasible way for communication between the distributed actors when they face communication challenges originating from differences in skills in the English language, but also from differences in work experiences. Relying on empirical materials from a Swedish manufacturing company in the mechanical engineering industry, this paper makes the following contributions to the literature. First, it shows that visual representations are effective boundary objects able to support process-oriented and product-oriented communication in distributed NPD projects. Second, it illustrates that visual representations do not necessarily have to follow graphic design principles, but can still be effective if distributed actors share the same project context. Finally, it highlights the need for a dynamic and context-dependent perspective on communication in NPD projects. 

  • 1185.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna.
    Integration of Suppliers’ Workflows in the OEMs’ New Product Development Process2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 479-486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores integration of the suppliers’ workflows in the OEM’s new product development (NPD) process, to support the production ramp-up. Based on multiple-case study approach, incorporating both the OEM and the supplier perspective, this research explains critical aspects for the integration of suppliers’ workflows in the OEM’s NPD process, and when these aspects need to be addressed. The results show that face-to-face meeting on a project level, standardized work model, readiness of the component specifications, role of Supplier Quality Assurance (SQA) engineer, quality assurance document provided to the suppliers, etc. are critical aspects.

  • 1186.
    Wognum, Nel
    et al.
    Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands .
    Bil, Cees
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Peruzzini, Margherita
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy .
    Stjepandić, Josip
    PROSTEP AG, Germany.
    Verhagen, Wim
    Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands .
    Transdisciplinary Engineering Research Challenges2018In: Transdisciplinary Engineering Methods for Social Innovation of Industry 4.0: Proceedings of the 25th ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering / [ed] Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari, Cees Bil, Josip Stjepandić, Nel Wognum, IOS Press, 2018, p. 753-762Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transdisciplinary research (TDR) has been the subject of discourse in the past few decades, but has not been studied much in the context of engineering problems. Many engineering problems can be characterized as ill-defined, like open innovation, adoption of new technology, business development, and the adoption of the Industry 4.0 concept. Transdisciplinary engineering research (TDER) is also performed in large projects by multi-disciplinary teams, as in TDR projects, including stakeholders and people from practice. Such projects may last long, often years. In such large projects, the involved disciplines should include both engineering disciplines as well as disciplines from social sciences. In this paper we address the challenges that exist in adopting a TDER approach. Universities need to prepare students to work in TDER projects. We discuss the current situation in transdisciplinary engineering education (TDEE) and identify challenges that need to be addressed for including TDEE in curricula. The paper ends with a summary and ideas for further research.

  • 1187.
    Wognum, Nel
    et al.
    ATO Group, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Technical University of Delft, Netherlands.
    Bil, Cees
    School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Peruzzini, Margherita
    Department Engineering Enzo Ferrari, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
    Stjepandić, Josip
    PROSTEP AG, Darmstadt, Germany.
    Verhagen, Wim J.C.
    ATO Group, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Technical University of Delft, Netherlands.
    Transdisciplinary systems engineering: Implications, challenges and research agenda2019In: International Journal of Agile Systems and Management, ISSN 1741-9174, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 58-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transdisciplinary processes have been the subject of research since several decades already. Transdisciplinary processes are aimed at solving ill-defined and socially relevant problems. Many researchers have studied transdisciplinary processes and have tried to understand the essentials of transdisciplinarity. Many engineering problems can be characterised as ill-defined and socially relevant, too. Although transdisciplinary engineering cannot widely be found in the literature yet, a transdisciplinary approach is deemed relevant for many engineering problems. With this paper we aim to present an overview of the literature on research into transdisciplinary processes and investigate the relevance of a transdisciplinary approach in engineering domains. After a brief description of past research on transdisciplinarity, implications for engineering research, engineering practice, and engineering education are identified. In all three areas, the current situation is described, while challenges are identified that still exist. The paper ends with a research agenda for transdisciplinary engineering. 

  • 1188.
    Wolf, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Kapactitetsstudie: På SKF Motion Technology2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    A capacity study has been made on a production line for a leading bearing and seal manufacturing company – In a view of manufacturing technology, logistics and economic. 

    Simon Wolf is the author of this thesis and his mentor is named Jonas Bjarnehäll. 

    On the two types of actuators, line balancing should be made in order to decide the maximum capacity with a different amount of staff used. An investment analysis will be needed to investigate if an investment can be presumed to be appealing from a financial perspective. Finally, the location of the stations should be made which will be adapted to the investment and line balancing

    The purpose of this thesis is to develop the most effective layout possible regarding both operator- and production effectiveness.

    The thesis is made using the methods following: 

    • The six steps for line balancing

    • Systematic Local Planning

    • Carrying cost calculation

    In conclusion, 46 functional classifications and a placement arrangement that fits to those and other criterias has been produced. Following an investment analysis between two different layouts one can find the most successful and effective one. All these constitute the result of the thesis. 

  • 1189. Wong, Hartanto
    et al.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Naim, Mohammed
    Analysis of form postponement based on optimal positioning of the differentiation point and stocking decisions2009In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 1201-1224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyse the use of form postponement based on the positioning of the differentiation point and stocking policy. Six classes of manufacturing configurations are identified based on the choice of whether or not form postponement is employed and the decision regarding the stocking policy for the final product configurations as well as for the generic component. Analytical evaluation methods based on queuing models are used to assess operational measures for each class of configuration and solution algorithms are developed todetermine the optimal positioning of the differentiation point and the optimalstocking levels. This allows us to compare the relative merits of all manufacturingconfigurations based on their respective best performances. The results of anumerical experiment show how different operational parameters may influencethe choice of optimal configuration, the preference of early or late postponement,and the relative cost savings obtained from employing form postponement.

  • 1190.
    Xu, Yuchun
    et al.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design.
    Erkoyuncu, John
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Bankole, O.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Goh, Y.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK.
    Cheung, W. M.
    School of Computing, Engineering and Information Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK.
    Baguley, P.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Wang, Q.
    School of Engineering and Computing Sciences, Durham University, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK.
    Arundachawat, P.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Shehab, E.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Newnes, L.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK.
    Roy, R.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Cost Engineering for Manufacturing: Current and Future Research2012In: International journal of computer integrated manufacturing (Print), ISSN 0951-192X, E-ISSN 1362-3052, Vol. 25, no 4/5, p. 300-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims to identify the scientific challenges and point out future research directions on Cost Engineering. The research areas covered in this paper include: Design Cost; Manufacturing Cost; Operating Cost; Life Cycle Cost; Risk & Uncertainty management; Affordability Engineering. Collected information at the academic forum on Cost Engineering held at Cranfield University in 2008 and further literature review findings are presented. The forum set the scope of the Cost Engineering research, a brainstorming was held on the forum and literatures were further reviewed to understand the current and future practices in cost engineering. The main benefits of the paper include coverage of the current research on cost engineering from different perspectives and the future research areas on Cost Engineering.

  • 1191.
    Yildiz, Cagri
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Investment Performance of the World Automotive Industry2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines the investment performance of the world automotive industry using a sample of 21 original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) based in three major continents, North America, Europe and Asia between the years 1999 and 2004. The empirical findings suggest that there exists persistent overinvestment not only in the global level but also in the major automotive production regions analyzed. Proving that none of the 3 regions gain returns on investment at least as large as their costs of capital, shareholder wealth is not maximized in the world automotive industry. Europe, among these regions, proves to gain the highest return on investment of its cost of capital. The empirical results also show that the return on investment financed by debt is high around the world and close to 100% of its cost of capital.

  • 1192.
    Yuan, Wenjing
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Improvement of Work Process in a Global Verification Team: A case study at VSM2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing demands from customers, companies face the challenges of shortening the new product development (NPD) period, reducing development cost and increasing development efficiency. High quality and efficiency of NPD can increase the chance for companies to be competitive on the market. Forming up cross-functional teams becomes a popular way of maximizing the knowledge then increase the development quality and efficiency. However, it is challenging to integrate the resources from different functions and even more challenging when the resources are from different countries. To overcome the integration challenges can increase the efficiency of NPD projects therefore finally win global market shares. This study’s purpose is to identify and analyze integration challenges experienced by a verification team involved in global NPD and to suggest how those challenges can be managed by answering two research questions: 1) What are the integration challenges with the current work process encountered by the global verification team? 2) How can the integration challenges be met in the improved work process? The case study is used as the research method in order to get deep insight of the challenges that a global verification team faces. VSM Group AB, an international leading sewing company is selected as the case company.  The case team, a global verification team locates both in Sweden and China, plays the role of verification work within NPD process. The case team verifies the design and new products in the process.  Through interviews, observation and literature reviews, the challenges in this global verification team are identified. It is found that the case team needs to overcome language barriers, culture difference, task planning and formalization and standardization on work performance during integration. Based on the investigations, a set of solutions are proposed in the end to meet the challenges. These solutions are an improved work process, work performance system, training program and uniformed documentation. These proposals are inspired by the integration mechanisms such as formalization and standardization, special reports etc and then fit them into the case team context. By simulation and evaluation the solutions within the global verification team, the feedback on the proposals helped for improvement. This case study at VSM is an empirical example of implementation of integration mechanisms into a real life context.

  • 1193.
    Yurtkulu Akgun, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Supply chain related decisions in product development projects: Insights from the industry2015In: Proceedings of the 22nd International Annual EurOMA Conference, Neuchatel, June 26th-July 1st, 2015, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purposeof this study is to investigate supply chain related decisions that are considered in product development projects, product development related decisionsconsideredin product development projectsthathave an impact onsupply chain performance, andsupply chain related decisions that are missing in product development projects.Identified decisions consist of strategic level decisions and tactical level decisions. The findings indicate that the supply chain functions havesignificantdesire to get their decisionsinvolvedin product development projects. On the other hand, product development functions feel less pressureregardinghow product development decisions affectsupply chain performance.

  • 1194.
    Yusuf, Maryan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Sege, Victoria
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Framgångsfaktorer vid övergång till ISO 9001:20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study aims to identify the most important and critical factors for small-sized companies to make way for a successful transition to ISO 9001:2015. Because of the new structure, it is difficult for companies to interpret the standard and what is required to achieve a certification. This study has therefore been carried out at the manufacturing company FIG Metall in Gnosjö. 

    The study is based on qualitative research. Observation, interviews and document views were made at FIG Metall. Interviews were also carried out with the auditing company Qvalify and the Swedish Standards Institute to receive their views on which the important factors are as well as the general difficulties for companies when transitioning.  The interviews were semi-structured which resulted in an open discussion where the respondents were free to answer based on how they perceived the questions.

    The results of the empirical data were the basis of the analysis and the conclusion. The different methods used in the report can be seen in figure 10 which shows the triangular approach of the study. Qvalify and SIS agreed upon the same areas companies need to focus on when transitioning to ISO 9001:2015.

    The result of this study shows that the most important areas smaller companies need to focus on when transitioning are Leadership, Context of the organization, Risk based thinking and Process approach. The study concluded that ISO 9001:2015 is closely related to total quality management (TQM), organizational development and organizational psychology and can be used as complementary tools to the standard.

     

     

     

  • 1195.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    et al.
    Swerea, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Swerea, Sweden.
    Shabazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Winroth, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Landström, Anna
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Almström, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ericson Öberg, Anna
    Volvo Construction Equipment AB, Sweden.
    Myrelid, Andreas
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Sweden.
    Sustainability performance indicators at shop floor level in large manufacturing companies2017In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 61, p. 457-462Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates sustainability in the performance measurement systems of Swedish manufacturing companies. It builds on a previous study that documents relatively few direct environmental indicators at shop floor level, which raises questions about possible indirect links between existing indicators and the environment that could be used to improve the environmental aspect of company´s sustainability ambitions. 

    A method for identifying and categorizing indirect links to sustainability issues was defined and used. The results suggest that at shop floor level 90% of the indicators have at least an indirect relation to one or more of the sustainability dimensions economy, environment and social, of which 26% are at least indirectly related to the environmental dimension. Despite the many indirect connections, participating companies perceive a need to improve sustainability indicators and some ideas are suggested.

  • 1196.
    Zafarzadeh, Masoud
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Automation from lean perspective: Potentials and challenges2013In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013), Cranfield University, UK, 19th – 20th September 2013, International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR) , 2013, p. 437-442Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The competitive climate of production and high labour cost, motivate western companies to use technologies like automation as a mean to increase manufacturing competitiveness. On the other hand companies are aware about cost reductive policies like lean production which has shown noticeable achievement, consequently some manufacturers tend to follow such system. In this situation, in order to have lean enterprise, it is vital to find a clear picture of challenges and potentials of implementing automation within a lean environment. So, finding the right level and type of automation becomes vital for companies, and achieving this is not possible without a lean development of automation. The paper presents an overview of automation development from a lean perspective. The focus is on manufacturing and a case study in the automotive industry is presented. Challenges and potentials of automation are pinpointed and some suggestions regarding automation development is given.

  • 1197.
    Zander, Patrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Hammarström, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Värmebehandling av segjärn med hög kiselhalt2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this thesis was that Qumex Materialteknik at several occasions had received material of type SS 0725 that had shown deficient heat treatment results. The material, which is relatively new, is a cast iron of type ductile iron and differ against other ductile irons because of its high silicon content. According to EN standard ductile irons are classified by their mechanical properties. A problem then occurs with the new material SS 0725 because of this. The material fulfils the requirements for EN-GJS-500-7 and is therefore in the same classification as a ductile iron with much lower silicon content. Two materials having major differences in chemical composition ending up in the same classification can be problematic. The purpose of this report is to determine impact of high silicon content in ductile iron when heat treated and quench hardened.

    The experiment included four materials, and the major difference between the materials were their content of copper and silicon. The heat treatment process was performed at three different temperatures and three different treatment times. Afterwards the samples were quenched in oil. The ambition of the quench hardening was to obtain a material structure of 100% martensite. By optical microscopy and hardness measurements the results then were evaluated. An investigation of the phase transformation temperature in the materials was made by using Differential Scanning Calorimetry.

    The results show that the amount of silicon content has great influence on the temperature for receiving good hardening results. To achieve 100% martensite after quench hardening in materials with low silicon content the temperature needs to be over 840°C. For material with high level of silicon content the temperature for achieving 100% martensite needs to be 900°C and the treatment time should be over 1 h. The relative difference in phase transformation temperature was measured using Differential Scanning Calorimetry. The results of the measurements between the materials with high silicon content and materials with low silicon content was 45°C. This result combined with the analysis of the heat treatment process shows that a major increase of the temperature is needed to heat treat SS 0725.

  • 1198.
    Zeybrandt, Peggy
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Effektivisering och produktivitetsökning i produktionsflödet av Hammarhäftare på Isaberg Rapid AB2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The market’s demand to purchase more cost effective products is continuously increasing. The producers are forced to become more efficient and flexible with resources to produce high quality products at a low cost in order to maintain or increase market shares. With this in mind Isaberg Rapid AB is requesting a project to increase efficiency in the assembly cell of hammertackers. The company has found in Kaizen-events that there is a potential of efficiency improvements in the assembly group that has not been achieved.

    The objective with this paper is to identify the major factors that influence the efficiency in the assembly cell for hammertackers. At the same time the project is to generate data on new operation times, calculate the number of operators required in the cell and to implement standardized work instructions.

    The facts and data have been collected by discussions with operators, time studies and by filming the operation. A one week Kaizen-event with the operators was made, where the selected changes were implemented. The result of the changes in terms of efficiency and output were registered.

    The following basic questions are answered in the report.

    • What changes are required to increase efficiency?
    • What are the non-conformity reasons that prevent the group from reaching the production targets?
    • Is there a need for a different set up in the cell?

    In the Kaizen-event, a number of observations were made in the hammertacker group and the major wastes were identified. The largest wastes were identified to be that materials for packing were too far from the assembly cell, setting times for tool changes were long and that the operators’ workload was not in balance.

     A new layout was made to reduce the distance to packing materials. The height and setting of moulds were changed to get faster mould exchange. Operations were  introduced to the cell to get a better balance of the workload between operators.

    The observed interruptions have mainly been due to lack of different raw materials.

    There was no reason to modify the way work was carried out in the cell; never the less, some minor adjustments were made. The change with the biggest impact was to remind the operators of the factors that affect the productivity most.

    The number of produced products has increased by 21 %, which also gives the corresponding efficiency increase.

    The conclusion of this paper is that increased productivity is obtained by identifying and eliminating waste, increasing the participation of the operators and creating a standardized way of working.

  • 1199. Åkergren, Amanda
    Parametrize reinforcements for hoods in CATIA V52019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1200. Åsa, Fasth
    et al.
    Lundholm, Thomas
    Stahre, Johan
    Dencker, Kerstin
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Bruch, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Designing proactive assembly systems: Criteria and interaction between automation, information, and competence2009In: Proceedings of the 42nd CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Grenoble, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing customisation of products results in decreasing production batch sizes, especially in the final assembly. Industry must therefore increase their capability to handle smaller batches as well as radically decrease set up time between different product groups and new products. This paper suggests the need for further development, primarily addressing time parameters in dynamically changing assembly systems. We propose customer demands and decrease non value-adding tasks. In proactive assembly systems, the full and complementary potential of human operators and technical systems is utilised. Criteria for proactivity in assembly systems are reviewed from automation, information, and competence perspectives.

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