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  • 101.
    Beselin Hallberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Uhrbom, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Volvo Logistics Corporation Returnable Packaging System: a model for analysing cost savings when switching packaging system2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study for analysing costs affected by packaging in a producing industry. The purpose is to develop a model that will calculate and present possible cost savings for the customer by using Volvo Logistics Corporations, VLC’s, returnable packaging instead of other packaging solutions.

    The thesis is based on qualitative data gained from both theoretical and empirical studies. The methodology for gaining information has been to study theoretical sources such as course literature and articles, as well as through interviews and consolidation with staff at Volvo Logistics Corporations office in Gothenburg.

    The model is constructed in Microsoft Excel and consists of six different sheets. The first sheet is a front page that summarises the costs calculated in the other sheets and presents the possible cost savings. After the front page there are three sheets with calculations for the costs in different scenarios, Today’s Situation, VLC Packaging Solution (Pre implementation) and VLC Packaging Solution (Post implementation). The first sheet, Today’s Situation, presents the result of the model that will calculate the customers’ current costs that are associated with packaging. The different costs presented in the model are costs for unloading, repacking, today’s cost for an internal packaging solution, quality related costs, one-way packaging costs and the costs for other packaging solutions. The next sheet, VLC Packaging Solution (Pre), presents an estimation of the cost for thecustomer when using VLC’s returnable packaging system. The estimation will serve as an investment tool, for calculating possible cost savings compared to the present situation. The different costs that will be discussed are handling costs, quality related costs, distribution cost, transaction cost, and investment cost. The third and final calculation sheet, VLC Packaging Solution (Post), presents the actual costs for the customer after the implementation. When the costs have been calculated they will be used to evaluate the actual cost savings for the customer. The last two sheets are a data sheet, which consists of data needed for the calculations in the previous sheets, and an instruction sheet where there are instructions to the different calculations in the model.

    The conclusion shows that the objective to create a model for calculating the costs for different packaging systems and present possible cost savings is fulfilled.

  • 102.
    Bevenby, Hanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Palmquist, Erik
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Kapitalrationalisering i materialanskaffningsprocessen på Huskvarna Prototyper AB2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Huskvarna Prototyper AB started as a producer of prototypes, but has, during the latest years also started producing small series of products. This development of becoming a batch producer has brought about new strategies for material supply and for controlling inventory. The need for new strategies is also what initiated this work. The purpose of the work is to analyze the company’s material supply methods, and study if there are any possibilities to improve the methods that are used in the present situation, to reduce the cost of the raw material inventory.

    A general mapping of the company, and a more profound mapping of customers and items, generates a helicopter view of the company and its flows and processes. From the description of the current situation, an analysis of the customers and items is carried out. In the analysis, the customers and items are divided into groups through ABC-analysis. A profound analysis is made on a few items to find similarities considering throughput time, cost of material, frequency of delivery and volume.

    The items related to the customers Preciform AB and Henjo Plåtteknik AB have been analyzed further, and cover times have been calculated for the materials. The cover time analysis of the items of Preciform AB shows stock levels for the years of 2007 and 2008, which are considerably higher than required. An apparent problem in the methods of materials supply is shown and a proposal of a method for controlling stock levels and materials supply is using cover time. Using this also requires batch sizing methods, and the method periodic order quantity, is recommended. In this method of batch sizing, the time between the orders is calculated, and the quantity of each order is based on the demand of the period. One important aspect is continuous follow-up of the stock levels, to control the cover time not being exceeded.

    Analysis of Henjo Plåtteknik AB’s materials shows stock levels which are not securing more cost of inventory than necessary in most stock-taking intervals. The raw material of this item is also used for producing other items, which have not been analyzed. Thus, the analysis of this material is not absolute.

    Inventory control using cover time is applicable for other items within the same group as Preciform AB’s items, but also for items in other groups. Conclusions have been made for low frequency materials and low value materials as well. Low frequency material with high or medium high value should be controlled with lot for lot batch sizing, to avoid tying up capital in stock. Low value materials are appropriately controlled using fixed order quantity. An important issue of this group is to not spending too much time working with different methods of batch sizing, since the low value of materials does not provide a significant contribution to cost of inventory.

    The simplicity of the methods of material supply is considered important by the authors. Visualization of stock levels, and how cover time and cost of inventory is affected by actual actions, is important for the acknowledgement of the methods from the employees.

  • 103.
    Bheema Raju, Prajwal
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Manoj Patil, Shreyan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    LAYOUT DESIGN OF A NEW INCOMING INVENTORY WAREHOUSE: A Case Study on a Swedish Sheet Metal Manufacturer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the most recent years, the importance of managing inventory in the form of raw materials to the industries has expanded, marking a need to design a new warehouse for inventory management (Ackerman, 1997). Today, it is a requirement for industries to enhance each of their activities with a very effective manner. The optimization of managing raw materials inventory is concerned to smooth material flow with the internal activities of the industries. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to design a layout for new incoming inventory warehouse, which smoothens raw material distribution along the manufacturing shop floor and improves flow in production.

    For this purpose, a case-study was carried out in one of the sheet metal manufacturing companies at Jönköping, Sweden. During the investigation in the company, data collection techniques utilized for gathering the required information are interviews and observation. Later, the gathered information is analyzed by relating them with the subject of the theoretical background, which mainly include warehouse management, warehouse processes, storage method, ABC Analysis and Lean production.

    By reviewing the information from literature search and case study, initially the drawbacks of current situation in the company are determined. Later, the layout design for a new incoming inventory warehouse is suggested based on the appropriate features, to smoothen the material flow in the shop floor and finally concluded with suggestions for future research.

  • 104.
    Birkehag, Johanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Sohlman, Sofie
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Exploring the ICT market with learning´s from a leading market: With an internationalization perspective2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of the thesis is “To explore the Thai ICT market and identify

    differences with the leading market” Where the research questions are:

    1. How are the main actors influencing the ICT market in Thailand?

    2. How can the ICT market in Thailand be improved by identifying the gaps to

    the leading market?

    Method – For reaching the purpose a qualitative case study has been carried out,

    methods that are used are interviews, observations, document studies and literature

    study. Secondary data has been collected from document studies and was compiled in

    excel documents. Primary data has been collected from interviews, employees at

    Ericsson in Thailand has contributed when gather data about organizational

    culture. Interview with representatives from institutions in Thailand were made to

    achieve current data. Interviews were made to receive a primary source of information

    with high focus on the thesis subject and strengthen by secondary data.

    Findings – The most urgent problem to improve the ICT market in Thailand is to

    develop the infrastructure. The infrastructure needs to be developed in rural areas and

    urban areas. Institutions in ICT need to do active work on the market in order to

    expand and develop the market. Service operator’s needs to standardise and offer less

    price plans in order to minimize confusion among the consumers. The consumers

    need to increase their usage of ICT services in order to decrease the gap to the leading

    ICT market. One solution could be that the government push the development with all

    actors on the ICT market. Changing the foreign business act can lead to investments

    needed to expand the infrastructure. Further, creating a demand of higher technology

    from the consumer’s perspective will pressure the actors to develop robust network of

    high technology and benefit future development of technology.

    Implications – This study has been carried out on location in Thailand but

    communication has not been made in the national language in Thailand, which can

    contribute to misunderstandings of data. The study´s result is strengthened by being

    on location in Thailand, gathering primary data by interviews and do observations on

    place in the target environment.

    Delimitations – The delimitations have been made to look at the ICT market from

    Thailand’s perspective with learning’s from Sweden. Further, delimitations to explore

    the main actors that are influencing the market has been done. A market has many

    environmental forces and they needed to be restricted in this study.

  • 105.
    Bladh, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Magnusson, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Layout och flöden på Pan Nordic Logistics framtida terminal2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Pan Nordic Logistics (PNL) är ett logistikföretag som skickar gods inom huvudsakligen Norden men även övriga världen. PNL erbjuder olika

    logistiklösningar för företag och deras kunder.

    En av PNL:s godsterminaler är lokaliserad i Jönköping. Terminalen i Jönköping är inte anpassad efter dagens verksamhet. Godsmängden ökar ständigt och det råder platsbrist på terminalen. Dessa faktorer skapar ett behov av den framtida terminalen.

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att underlätta PNL:s expansion genom ett väl genomtänkt förslag på hur den framtida terminalen kan se ut. Tyngdpunkten i arbetet ligger på hur terminalen på bästa sätt utformas ur layout- och flödessynpunkt.

    Insamling av data har skett genom observationer, intervjuer och mätningar. För att vidare underbygga arbetet har litteraturstudier genomförts. Förslaget på den framtida terminalens utformning har utarbetats genom skalenliga skisser i CAD.

    För att arbeta fram ett förslag är det nödvändigt att samla in relevant data om befintlig terminal. Den befintliga terminalens layout och flöde styrs i hög grad av sorteringsbanan som ligger centralt i lokalen. Sorteringsbanan har en flaskhals som stoppar upp flödet. Sorteringsbanan är tillsammans med portarna och den tidigare nämnda platsbristen, terminalens största svagheter.

    Vid utformning av förslaget av den framtida terminalen har hänsyn tagits till de krav, behov och förutsättningar som PNL ställt upp.

    Förslaget på den framtida terminalen innehåller en mängd förbättringar jämfört med den befintliga. Sorteringsbanan har förändrats för att minimera befintlig flaskhals. Den framtida terminalen har ett betydligt större antal portar med en genomtänkt struktur. Större ytor i den framtida terminalen innebär möjligheter till bredare transportgångar och smidigare godshantering. Vidare har terminalens layout utformats så att huvudgodsflödena kan passera centralt genom terminalen. Resultatet av skalenliga mätningar visar att interntransportsträckor för huvudgodsflödet blir kortare i den framtida terminalen.

  • 106.
    Blidby, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Lundberg, Lovisa
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Samhällstrender och förändringsarbeten: En fallstudie i ett charktillverkningsföretag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the study is to understand how a cured meat manufacturing company can succeed with an internal change project when the reason is external triggers from society. With this purpose in mind two research questions have been formulated.  

     They are formulated as followed: 

    1. Which triggers are the reason for change projects to take place in a cured meat manufacturing company? 

    1. Which factors are crucial for a successful change project in a cured meat manufacturing company?  

    Method – A case study has been conducted at a cured meat manufacturing company, that previously has been through the work of a change project. 13 semi structured interviews were conducted. The interviewees ranged from top management to workers in the production unit. In addition, all employees received a survey about the change process. On top of this, a document study was conducted. The data that was collected was then analyzed in relation to the theoretical framework and then generated the study’s results.  

    Findings and discussion – the study’s findings show that there is a connection between trends in society and the effect they have on change project through triggers. These connections in this study has a relation to the Leavitt-Ry-theory (Bakka & Fivelsdal, 2006) and Hughes’ triggers theory (Hughes, 2010). The most visible triggers are politics, environment and socio-culture. Trends in society have a direct connection to the outcome of change projects vision and mission, factors which lead the way in the work of a change project. This shows a connection between trends in society and change projects, because of the four identified key factors of a change project. These four factors are vision & mission, targets & sub-targets, communication & dedication and lastly time.  

    Limitations – In this study the focus was on one single case. A company that previously had been through the work of a change project. Interviews were held with collective employees that had taken part in the previous change project, although many of the previous participants had quit their job. Therefore, their impressions/experiences were lost. On top of that the documentation from the previous change project were inadequate. These factors together with the fact that the study only had one case in focus made the generalizability a question for discussion.  

    Keywords – change projects, project, trends, society, vision, communication, cured meat manufacturing company, triggers.  

  • 107.
    Blomkvist, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Cervall, Samuel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Globala försörjningsbeslut i en industriell kontext2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose with this study is to investigate which factors that needs to be considered for sourcing decisions to ensure an optimal long-term decision, and which of these factors that can be quantified in a product costing model. To fulfill this purpose two research questions have been proposed:

    1. Which factors needs to be considered for a sourcing decision?
    2. Which of these factors that needs to be considered can be quantified in a product costing model?

    Method – A case study was conducted to fulfill the purpose of this study. The case study produced empirical data through interviews and document studies. The empirical data was interpreted and analyzed on the basis of the theoretical framework, created through literature studies. This process produced the result of this study.

    Findings – Factors to be considered for a sourcing decision have been identified and categorized in four over-arching categories: unit cost, logistical factors, capability factors and risk factors. These factors have been quantified in a product costing model. A preparatory decision model was created to further integrate some risk factors that could not be quantified.

    Implications – Both the make or buy decision and the manufacturing location decision have been considered in the product costing model presented in this study. The product costing model visualize and take into account hidden costs, rarely considered in sourcing decisions. This further enables optimal long-term sourcing decisions.

    Limitations – Risk factors remain difficult to quantify. This makes it difficult to determine the cost of risk factors, and as a result of that, to include them in a product costing model. Companies with similar conditions suites the model since the case study was conducted at only one company. Whether the product costing model is true for business in other contexts remain uncertain.

  • 108.
    Bohlin, Fredrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Persson, Johannes
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    INTERN MATERIALHANTERING PÅ ISABERG-RAPID2009Student paper other, 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Isaberg-Rapid has problems with their internal material handling. The goal with this report is to create a layout for a pilot group in the production. Furthermore will appropriate carriers be suggested and the way of communicate between the stock keeping unit through coating to the assembly group will be analyzed.

    The focal point is on a pilot group where the assembly of staple guns occurs. We have reviewed the material handling in the pilot group. By doing a spaghetti diagram the assemblers’ movements in the group is being analyzed and from that a new layout is proposed that will facilitate the handling of material in the assembly group.

    Besides the spaghetti diagram the report is based on observations, interviews, a process flow schedule, a layout flow schedule and calculations.

    To make the material flow to the assembly group more effective a proposal with a supermarket has been developed. The reason for using a supermarket is also to minimize tied up capital after coating. The transportation of material is handled by a dedicated material handler to minimize the interruptions in work for the assemblers.

    The carriers that are used in the assembly group has been reviewed and to easily handle these a proposal with FIFO lines has been developed to make it easier for the assemblers.

  • 109.
    Borgö, Åsa
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Vestergaard, Kari
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Projektanalys vid Stora Enso Packaging Concept i Torsvik2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In a global economy it is important to understand what project management is and how it functions in a contemporary company. This report includes an empirical case study of a project flow, which was conducted in the department Packaging Concept (PC) which is a part of Stora Enso. As all of PC´s customer enquiries are unique and must be considered an individual project, PC continuously works in projects. An analysis of the project flow was conducted based on interviews at and visits to PC as well as relevant documents distributed by the department. The report gives an understanding and analysis of how PC works in projects. A description of the project flow is given and the project roles are defined. Furthermore, PC´s way of following up projects as well as managing risks are presented and analysed. The analyses in this report are based on a chapter that includes relevant project- and process management theory. PC´s project flow is long and includes many steps that must be conducted in order to deliver a good result to the customer. This project flow can be divided into the initial phase, the preliminary study phase, the planning phase, the implementation phase and the completing phase. In order to support the employees, PC has templates and instruction manuals that give clear guidelines and directives on how to manage a project. The management and the employees at PC see the project flow as a process giving an overall picture of the project flow. There are many players involved in the course of a project. Internally in PC, the project roles are divided between the management, the salesmen, the project engineers and the service engineers. Management orders the project while the project engineer is the project manager. A team of suppliers, a salesman and service engineers constitute the project group. Special focus has been placed on how PC manages project evaluation and risk management. Analyses of these two elements were done, and the findings in this report are that PC has inadequate guidelines for managing project evaluation and for managing risk. PC has managed to make the project flow clear and easy to work with. Everybody in the department understands the general picture of the project flow and the role that they and their colleagues play. In our opinion this is due to the clear guidelines and directives communicated through templates and instruction manuals. These are, however, not currently sufficient. Better documented guidelines for managing project evaluation and risk management should be completed by the management.

  • 110.
    Boström, Patrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Johansson, Adrian
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    MEANS TO GAIN EFFICIENCY IN THE SUPERMARKET CONCEPT2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 111.
    Bringestedt, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Palmgren, Lina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Analys av kundorderuppfyllelseprocessen på Pallco AB2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been performed as a part of the Bachelor degree in Industrial Engineering and Management at the School of Engineering in Jönköping. The thesis is written on behalf of Pallco AB, which is an engineering company that performs subcontracting, surface treatment, and assembly of components, mainly in steel and aluminium. The thesis focuses on identifying and analyzing the customer order fulfillment process of three customers at Pallco AB.

    The main objective of the thesis is to distinguish time differences in the company’s administrative work for each of the three customers. Furthermore, Lean thinking is following as a thread through the whole thesis. A comprehensive survey has been made to gain a greater understanding of the company’s processes and order flow. A deeper analysis of the administrative processes has then been made by value stream mapping and analysis, which shows how Lean can be applied through administration. Suggestions of key performance indicators linked to Lean are associated with the order flow. The information of the thesis has been gained through interviews with relevant personnel at Pallco AB.

    The current situation for Pallco AB is that they carry out an unspecified amount of work and service for different customers without taking extra cost. The analysis and the result of the thesis show that there is one specific customer who is often given priority. Special and urgent orders are accepted, and often given priority over others. The result shows that about 45 percent of the identified administrative time of the customer order fulfillment process is applied on this priority customer. Characteristic examples of the other customers are that duplication of work is performed by Pallco AB in terms of reporting information to the customer’s own business information sys- tem.

    Improvement and suggestions for further work of the customer order fulfillment process are given as a result of the thesis. The main suggestions are to further identify the extra service for the priority customer, and to further work with Lean administration through value stream mapping and key performance indicators linked to Lean.

  • 112.
    Brkic, Marko
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Stojanac, Dario
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Kvalitetssäkring av en reparationsprocess i ett tillverkande företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate how working practices associated with routines and communication in a manufacturing company’s support processes can be quality assured, to ensure the ability of operational processes to maintain competitiveness. Based on the purpose, three questions have been formed:

     

    • What challenges associated with routines can be identified in the working practice of manufacturing companies support processes?
    • What challenges associated with communication can be identified in the working practice of manufacturing companies support processes?
    • How can challenges associated with routines and communication be managed to increase manufacturing company’s quality of support processes?

     

    Method – To answer the study’s questions and fulfill the purpose, a case study has been conducted at DS Smith in Värnamo. The case study has consisted of a single case study design for the first two questions, while question three was answered with the help of a multiple case design due to an internal benchmarking conducted at DS Smith in Mariestad. The empirical data consisted of interviews, observations and documentary studies. An analysis of the empirical data from DS Smith in Värnamo has been compared with the theoretical framework, as well as the collected empirical data from the internal benchmarking at DS Smith in Mariestad.

     

    Findings – An improvement in working practices in the supporting processes is necessary to improve the operational process of a manufacturing company. Routines and communication are two factors that affect the working practices in a support process, but also other parts of the company. Regarding routines, it is important for the management to take responsibility and ensure compliance with the routines. It is also important to ensure that they fulfill the purpose for which they are intended. Otherwise management should consider opportunities to update or clarify existing routines. Communication must work in all directions within the company, this applies both between employees within departments and between different departments. The management should appoint a person responsible for the transmission of information given to the right staff within the company. Poor communication and information sharing at the beginning of a process can lead to major consequences and impacts further down in the process.

     

    Implications – The results highlighted by the study are reinforced from existing theory of how routines and communication should work within an organization. The study’s results also show that these factors have an impact on a support process, which results in an impact on the operational processes. Some practical implications that the authors have formulated are: To create clear communication channels as well as defining responsibilities and appoint responsible ones.

     

    Limitations – Support processes in manufacturing companies have been perceived as a limited area theoretically. The theory found has mostly been very summarized and fundamental, which has limited the study from providing empirical data to previous theory or research on the subject.

     

    Keywords – Routines, communication, quality, support process, operational process, manufacturing company

  • 113.
    Brko, Admir
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Carlsson, Simon
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Förslag på effektiv materialstyrning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Då konkurrensen på marknaden ökar måste företag se över sina kostnader för att kunna bli effektivare och attraktivare för kunden. En effektiv lagerstyrning har en betydelsefull inverkan på verksamheters lönsamhet och kombinationen av effektivitetsvariablerna kapitalbindning, kundservice och kostnader kan orsaka målkonflikter samt komplex lagerstyrning.

    Syftet med denna rapport är att utreda och föreslå förslag på materialanskaffningsprinciper som kan effektivisera företagets nuvarande lagerstyrning med hänsyn till säkerhetspolicy, genomsnittlig kapitalbindning samt lagerhållningskostnad per år.

    För att uppnå syftet har litteraturundersökningar gjorts parallellt med empiriska utredningar på det aktuella företaget. Datainsamlingen har skett utifrån intervjuer, observationer samt datainsamling ut företagets affärssystem. De metoder som därefter har används för att frambringa ett resultat är grundade på beprövade teorier.

    Ur företagets artikelsortiment har 1716 artiklar analyserats och klassificerats utifrån en ABC-analys med flera kriterier, volymvärde samt antal uttag från lager år 2011. Ur klassificeringen har nio olika delgrupper fastställts och artikelgrupperna har därefter analyserats vidare i syfte att få fram en lämplig materialstyrningsprincip för respektive grupp. Tjugo representativa artiklar har valts ut för djupare analys med avsikt att jämföra de föreslagna styrningsprinciperna med företagets nuvarande i avseende på genomsnittlig kapitalbindning i färdigvarulagret samt lagerhållningskostnad per år.

    Rapportens slutsats är att om företaget ändrar sin nuvarande lagerstyrning och tillämpar de föreslagna styrningsprinciperna för respektive artikelgrupp skulle besparingar göras på de analyserade artiklarna. Den genomsnittliga kapitalbindningen skulle därmed sänkas med 85 % och lagerhållningskostnaden skulle reduceras med 82 %

  • 114.
    Bruch , Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Karltun , Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Johansson , Christer
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Stahre, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Towards a Methodology for the Assessment of Information Requirements in a Proactive Assembly Work Setting2008Inngår i: Swedish Production Symposium, November 18-20, 2008, 2008, s. 311-318Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Assembly work settings enabling proactive behaviour of the assembly operators are considered to be an important factor enabling customization of assembly work. As a consequence, access to necessary and essential information is a critical means to support proactive behaviour of assembly operators. In this paper we propose a methodology for assessing information requirements supporting operators’ proactive activities and decisions. The methodology is based on work domain analysis and it was used for assessing the information flow in a real assembly setting. By analysing the structure of information exchange and the hierarchical means-ends relationships a number of conclusions could be drawn. The first is that in order to consider information needed for all possible work activities, work domain analysis is a suitable approach. Additionally, proactive behaviour is related to the access to information answering why and what-questions. Furthermore, development towards more proactivity among assembly operators may necessitate decentralised decision-making. It is also concluded that in order to identify intentional constraints of an assembly system with increased proactivity, it is necessary to examine the levels of automation. Furthermore, to reach productivity gains the levels of competence must be developed so that most proactive decisions will remain on the skill- or rule-based levels.

  • 115.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Information Requirements in a Proactive Assembly Work Setting2009Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasingly competitive climate, the on-the-job behaviour of an operator becomes more and more essential for the success of a manufacturing company.  In working contexts, which are dominated by changes and uncertainty, knowledge-based behaviour and work role aspects that cannot be formalized, proactive behaviour of the operator can contribute to competitive advantages.

    Without waiting to be asked or instructed, the proactive operator uses his/her own initiative to change the present situation in the light of anticipated future demands and needs. In order to obtain and support proactive behaviour among operators on the shop floor, access to correct and essential information at the right time and in the right way is one important requirement. Hence, the objective of this thesis is to analyse information requirements in order to provide a basis for information interface design that supports a proactive behaviour of assembly operators.

    A system approach was adopted and the foundation for this thesis is an extensive literature review. Further, an empirical case study was performed at a Swedish manufacturing company. The case study was analysed using work domain analysis and the purpose of this case study was to investigate the information used in an assembly work setting to accomplish various activities related to proactive behaviour. The result of this thesis is a synthesis of the information requirements found in the literature study and the empirical findings.

    The thesis argues that the ability of the assembly operator to anticipate and plan for changes is highly dependent on what information to provide and when to present this information to the assembly operator. Both operational information and information related to the development of the assembly work setting are required to enable proactive behaviour of the assembly operator. When analysing the empirical findings in relation to the information requirements stated in literature, it was found that proactive behaviour of operators is, above all, related to access to why and what information. How-related information, however, can also be relevant for the proactive assembly operator if it relates to knowledge-based behaviour. Additionally, the expertise of the assembly operator refers to the control behaviour performed by the operator and determines the amount of information needed by the assembly operator. Finally, for information to be experienced as useful by the operator, it has to fulfil various criteria determining information quality. The thesis concludes that by analysing the type and amount of information to be presented to the assembly operator, and how to orchestrate information in a systematic way, it is possible to change the assembly operator from a passive monitor to an active problem solver.

  • 116.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Bellgran, Monica
    The critical role of design information for improved equipment supplier integration during production system design2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the 44th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The acquisition of production equipment is one step of the production system design process. When design and building of production equipment is handed over to an equipment supplier, higher requirements are placed on the design information exchange to secure that the equipment corresponds to technical and financial requirements of the buying company. The paper presents results on characteristics of design information exchanged and success factors for effective collaboration between equipment suppliers and manufacturing companies. Results are based on an in-depth case study at a Swedish manufacturing company and a survey of 25 equipment suppliers.  

  • 117.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Angelis, Jannis
    Information Management for Production System Design with a New Portfolio Approach2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Production Research: Innovation in Product and Production, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An effective management of information is vital for successful development of new products. However, knowledge is lacking about the management of information during production system design and its effects on innovation. This exploratory case study in the automotive industry furthers understanding of how management of information contributes to the design of robust and dynamic production systems that can handle changing production situations. The results from the case study indicate that the management of information should consider requirements of current and future production system generations facilitating a conscious planning of a production systems portfolio that corresponds to the product portfolio. This approach allows for new ways of designing production system concepts and production technology solutions, which also can accelerate the innovation capabilities of the manufacturing company.

  • 118.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Eskilstuna, Sweden .
    Johansson, Christer
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Exploring requirement specification of the production system – a position paper2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s turbulent environment, manufacturing companies are forced to efficiently change or develop production systems that are robust and dynamic enough to handle changing production situations during its entire life-cycle. To achieve such a production system requires a structured development process that should be carried out simultaneously to the product development process and considers the company’s product portfolio. Within a structured development process, the requirements specification of the proposed system is vital since it will guide the design process and the evaluation of the system on a conceptual as well as a detailed level.  The aim of this paper is to address the requirement specification process that covers all aspects of the production system to be designed. This paper argues for the need of a holistic view in the requirement specification process of production systems. A holistic view of the overall process will facilitate to manage the various demands and categories important to deal with in the specification of requirements. Based on the holistic view it will be possible to identify the gates and stakeholders of the process itself, but also the substantial content of this process map.

  • 119.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Johansson, Christer
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Karltun, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Winroth, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Considering design demands of a proactive assembly system: A position paper2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 1st Swedish Production Symposium, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper reviews the idea of proactivity in an assembly system with respect to information and decision making. It begins with an explanation about the term proactivity and moves on to a discussion of necessary changes of the assembly system to become proactive. Further, this paper will consider the role of information in a proactive assembly system and its impact on the proactive behavior of an operator. The method applied in this paper is a literature study.

  • 120.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Dual Perspective on information exchange between design and manufacturing2011Inngår i: Proceedings of Iced11: Design Information and Knowledge, Vol. 6, Glasgow Design Society , 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the exchange of information between the design and manufacturing interface from both perspectives in order to ensure interdepartmental integration and improve the performance of new product development projects. Based on two in-depth case studies, this article illustrates that there are differences in the type of information transferred between design and manufacturing as well as how this information is shared. While design engineers ask for feedback to their work regarding both the product and the project, relies the production system designer heavily on feed-forward information concerning the product per se. For effective new product development, it seems however beneficial that design engineers also should give feedback to the production system concept. The implication is that project managers need to carefully consider how to improve the sharing of information upstream in new product development projects and what communication medium to apply to transfer the information between design and manufacturing.

  • 121.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Karltun, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Information Requirements in a Proactive Assembly Work Setting2009Inngår i: 3rd International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production (CARV 2009), Munich, Germany, October 5th - 7th, 2009: Proceedings, München: Herbert Utz Verlag GMbH , 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Proactive behaviour of an assembly operator can be essential in a complex and uncertain work context, where it is not longer possible to anticipate and predefine all possible work situations an operator has to handle. Access to correct and essential information is a critical means to support proactive behaviour. This paper clarifies information requirements of a proactive assembly work setting by analysing the information needed of an assembly operator to anticipate and prepare the work system for external and internal changes. The results show that proactive behaviour is above all related to the access to information answering why and what-questions. Additionally, the expertise of the assembly operator refers to the control behaviour performed by the operator and determines the amount of information needed by the assembly operator. Finally, for information to be experienced as useful by the operator, it has to fulfil various criteria determining information quality.

  • 122.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Karltun, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Dencker, Kerstin
    Department of Production Engineering, KTH.
    Assembly Work Settings Enabling Proactivity - Information Requirements2008Inngår i: Manufacturing Systems and Technologies for the New Frontier: The 41st CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, 2008, s. 556-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Information is a critical factor to support a proactive behaviour of operators in complex work settings characterized by flexible levels of automation and need for knowledge-based decision making. In this conceptual paper the authors define proactive behaviour as the ability of operators to control a situation by taking action in advance. Information requirements that enable proactivity and different control behaviour are identified. Moreover, several demands on the information support system are outlined. Further, the paper presents some implications for management as a result of the new work role of the operator regarding decision making, planning, and control.

  • 123.
    Brynning, Nicklas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Kihlström, Joakim
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Development of materials supply system requirements2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In industry today, the need for excellent product development and realization in many different aspects is increasing. This calls for excellent quality, while at the same time time-to-market is increasingly important. A concurrent engineering (CE) approach is directed towards simultaneously developing different aspects of product realization in order to enhance both quality and speed. This thesis deals with the internal materials supply system (MSS) from a CE approach. Logistics aspects are often not dealt with until later stages of development, which leads to limitations in the possible solutions for the MSS. While designing a new production system, including MSS aspects early on in the project implies stating at an early stage what is required by the system. In order to aid the development of such requirements, this thesis aims at suggesting a structure for the requirements on the MSS where the relevant stakeholders of the system are involved. The thesis results are achieved through literature reviews and a case study at a manufacturing company in the automotive industry.

    Through literature reviews the thesis suggests a four-level hierarchic approach to requirements, considering four levels: stakeholder level, system level, sub system level and component level. This approach is supported by the case study, where stakeholders and requirements are analyzed and content and important aspects for the requirements specification in a current product realization project are considered. Through the case study, the thesis suggests a view of MSS stakeholders and a two-part structure for MSS requirements with a requirements specification matrix and a tree diagram. The requirements specification matrix contains the four suggested levels, where twelve different requirement categories are considered on each level. The stakeholder level considers the stakeholder requirements, which are translated into requirements on the system. These are broken down into requirements on the various flows (sub systems) of the system, which are then broken down into six components (materials feeding, storage, transportation, handling, packaging and planning and control). The stakeholders considered are divided into operational, contextual and internal stakeholders to the system.

    The thesis results are considered to have the possibility of aiding the inclusion of MSS aspects at an early stage of product realization, and many different aspects are considered through the inclusion of all the relevant stakeholders in the study. The results are expected to be applicable in many different contexts. However, this needs to be examined further and also the robustness of the results need to be established through further studies.

  • 124.
    Burnett, Susan
    et al.
    Imperial College London, UK.
    Mendel, Peter
    Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA.
    Nunes, Francisco
    Lisbon University Institute, Portugal.
    Wiig, Siri
    University of Stavanger, Norway.
    van den Bovenkamp, Hester
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Karltun, Anette
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Robert, Glenn
    King’s College London, UK.
    Anderson, Janet
    King’s College London, UK.
    Vincent, Charles
    Oxford University, UK.
    Fulop, Naomi
    University College London, UK.
    Using institutional theory to analyse hospital responses to external demands for finance and quality in five European countries2016Inngår i: Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, ISSN 1355-8196, E-ISSN 1758-1060, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 109-117Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Given the impact of the global economic crisis, delivering better health care with limited finance grows more challenging. Through the lens of institutional theory, this paper explores pressures experienced by hospital leaders to improve quality and constrain spending, focusing on how they respond to these often competing demands.

    Methods: An in-depth, multilevel analysis of health care quality policies and practices in five European countries including longitudinal case studies in a purposive sample of ten hospitals.

    Results: How hospitals responded to the financial and quality challenges was dependent upon three factors: the coherence of demands from external institutions; managerial competence to align external demands with an overall quality improvement strategy, and managerial stability. Hospital leaders used diverse strategies and practices to manage conflicting external pressures.

    Conclusions: The development of hospital leaders’ skills in translating external requirements into implementation plans with internal support is a complex, but crucial, task, if quality is to remain a priority during times of austerity. Increasing quality improvement skills within a hospital, developing a culture where quality improvement becomes embedded and linking cost reduction measures to improving care are all required.

  • 125.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Att välja rätt nivå av samverkan i kund- och leverantörsrelationer2008Inngår i: Inköp & logistik, Stockholm: Bonnier Ledarskapshandböcker , 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 126.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Differentierat inköp kan öka konkurrenskraften2014Inngår i: SILF Supply Chain Outlook, ISSN 2001-614x, nr 1, s. 26-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 127.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Introducing the Interaction life cycle: Extending the purchasing process2013Inngår i: Past and Future in Logistics Research, Nordic Logistics Research Network, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 128.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Kunddifferentierat inköp som ett komplemet till kraljic och Category management2014Inngår i: SILF Supply Chain Outlook, ISSN 2001-614x, nr 3, s. 26-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 129.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Kunddrivet inköp2013Inngår i: Inköp & Logistik / [ed] Gösta Hultén, Hilda Hultén & Lena Sonne, Stockholm: Bonnier Business Publishing , 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 130.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Kundfokuserade varor och tjänster (vol. 9)2007Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 131.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Levels of Interaction in Supply Chain Relations2007Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To be able to retain the manufacturing industry durably, in Europe in general and in Sweden in specific, manufacturing companies have to be competitive also on the global market. One way for companies to realize this ambition is to interact with suppliers and customers in different kinds of supply chains. In the dyadic relation between two companies, three different levels of interaction have been identified. To be able to enhance the competitiveness instead of requiring excess workload, the level of interaction has to be adequate for the specific company and their market conditions.

    The aim of this thesis is to clarify the characteristics of supply chain interaction, both in terms of different levels of interaction and concerning the factors affecting the appropriate level of interaction. A basic prerequisite to enable companies to select an appropriate level of interaction within their supply chain is also to clarify the present use of terminology.

    This research is conducted through theoretical studies. The theoretical findings are synthesized in order to fulfill the research objective.

    Characteristics of supply chain interaction in terms of affecting categories and factors are identified. The factors are sorted according to the category they support. An interaction framework that can be used to gain an overview over the categories and factors affecting the level of interaction in a specific situation is developed.

    The resulting interaction framework is aiming at industry applicability but is based only on theoretical studies (which in turn are based on empirical data).

    The aim is to support the interaction level decision for, primarily, small and medium sized manufacturing companies in order to increase their competitiveness.

    Despite the amount of research within the supply chain area, the question how companies should select the way to interact within their supply chain has so far been left unanswered. In this thesis, a number of categories and factors that affects the appropriate level of interaction are identified and listed.

  • 132.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Levels of Interaction in Supply Chains2006Inngår i: PLAN's Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2006: Effektivitet och samverkan i försörjningskedjor, Trollhättan: Högskolan i väst , 2006, s. 279-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To be able to retain the manufacturing industry durably, in Europe in general and in Sweden in specific, manufacturing companies have to be competitive also on the global market. One way for companies to realize this ambition is to interact with suppliers and customers in different kinds of supply chains. In the dyadic relation between two companies, three different levels of interaction have been identified. To be able to enhance the competitiveness instead of requiring excess workload, the level of interaction has to be adequate for the specific company and their market conditions.

    The aim of this thesis is to clarify the characteristics of supply chain interaction, both in terms of different levels of interaction and concerning the factors affecting the appropriate level of interaction. A basic prerequisite to enable companies to select an appropriate level of interaction within their supply chain is also to clarify the present use of terminology.

    This research is conducted through theoretical studies. The theoretical findings are synthesized in order to fulfill the research objective.

    Characteristics of supply chain interaction in terms of affecting categories and factors are identified. The factors are sorted according to the category they support. An interaction framework that can be used to gain an overview over the categories and factors affecting the level of interaction in a specific situation is developed.

    The resulting interaction framework is aiming at industry applicability but is based only on theoretical studies (which in turn are based on empirical data).

    The aim is to support the interaction level decision for, primarily, small and medium sized manufacturing companies in order to increase their competitiveness.

    Despite the amount of research within the supply chain area, the question how companies should select the way to interact within their supply chain has so far been left unanswered. In this thesis, a number of categories and factors that affects the appropriate level of interaction are identified and listed.

  • 133.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Levels of Interactions in Supply Chains2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 134.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Rethinking Purchasing logistics teaching: Converting a lecture based purchasing course to a web-distributed intercontinental course2015Inngår i: Preparing for new competetive challenges / [ed] W. Dullaert, N. Hofstra, D.J. Kamann, S. de Leeuw), International Purchasing and Supply Education and Research Association (IPSERA) , 2015, Vol. 24Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will describe the reason for converting a traditional lecture based purchasing course to a web-distributed online course taught over two continents simultaneously. It will cover the planning needed, the technological tools used, the benefits, the hindrance and the lessons learned.

  • 135.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Using the interaction life cycle in an educational setting2014Inngår i: 23rd Annual IPSERA Conference 2014: Purchasing and Supply Management in difficult times: The sky is the limit, International Purchasing and Supply Education and Research Association (IPSERA) , 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 136.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Varför differentierat inköp kan ge ökad konkurrenskraft2014Inngår i: SILF Supply Chain Outlook, ISSN 2001-614x, nr 2, s. 26-27-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 137.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Vikten av att identifiera och differentiera ledtider2017Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 138.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Välj rätt nivå av samverkan i kund- och leverantörsrelationer2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 139.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Engström, Annika
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Overcoming Contradictions through Cross-functional Integration in an ETO-context2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 140.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Engström, Annika
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    The lead time tree as a boundary object for developmental learning and improved conditions for purchasers2016Inngår i: 5th World P&OM Conference Proceedings, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Contradictions between individuals and different functions in organizations can serve asbasis for a constant challenge which, as it gets responded to and demand is fulfilled, canhelp people to develop and create viable organizations. (Argyris, 1990). Thesecontradictions, handled in an effective way drives, empowers and enables developmentin organizations. In order to get interdisciplinary functions to collaborate collectivelyboundary objects can be useful (Star and Griesemer, 1989). The purpose is toinvestigate if the lead time tree (Bäckstrand, 2012) can be used as a boundary object tosupport knowledge creation process across functional boundaries of purchasing,manufacturing, product development, sales etc.

  • 141.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Jansson, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Karlsson, Joel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Löfving, Malin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Guidelines for designing a purchasing process for small businesses2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this paper is to contribute towards a deeper understanding of the purchasing process in SMEs. This is done by investigating general research regarding purchasing, business strategy and SMEs to create a framework of factors influencing purchasing processes in SMEs. The factors are then authenticated with an empirical study of an SME. It is concluded that all influencing factors from the framework can be applied to the SME, but that the SME tend to handle them with a short-term perspective. This paper will provide guidelines for SMEs in order to create purchasing processes with a long-term perspective, which is more integrated with their business strategy.

  • 142.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Johansson, Eva
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Customer-driven Purchasing: Empirical applications2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 143.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Johansson, Eva
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Ohlson, Nils-Erik
    Siemens Turbomachinery AB.
    Extending the customer differentiated supply method to new product development2014Inngår i: Operations Management in an Innovation Economy, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 144.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Johansson, Eva
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Andersson, Rikard
    Husqvarna AB.
    Carlsson, Björn
    Parker Hannifin AB.
    Kornebäck, Fredrik
    Siemens Turbomachinery AB.
    Ohlson, Nils-Erik
    Siemens Turbomachinery AB.
    Kärnborg, Beatrice
    Combitech AB.
    Malmstedt, Andréas
    Ericsson AB.
    Hjertén, Alexander
    Ericsson AB.
    Spaak, Björn
    Fagerhult AB.
    A method for customer-driven purchasing2013Inngår i: Operations Management at the Heart of the Recovery, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 145.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Sandgren, Andreas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    A Review of Supply Chain Classifications2005Inngår i: Produktionslogistik 2005: kvalitet och effektivitet i hela försörjningskedjan : artiklar från PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens i Borås den 18-19 augusti, Borås: Högskolan i Borås , 2005, s. 240-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 146.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Stillström, Carin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Investigating the Aspect of Interaction in the Mobile Manufacturing Concept2007Inngår i: NOFOMA 2007, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the mobile manufacturing concept is to provide solutions for mobile and flexible manufacturing capacity on demand. The idea with the concept is that a mobile manufacturing unit (MMU) could sent to the place where it is needed, either within the company, to a local supplier, to a customer, or to a partner, in order to, for example, cover a temporary volume peak.

    Within the research project Factory-in-a-Box, five fully operative MMUs have been designed and realized in close contact with Swedish manufacturing industries. The main logistic focus within the research project has been put on optimizing the transport solutions, while the implications on the relations in the supply chain have still not been analyzed. It is however, important to clarify that the geographical and organizational distance between the stationary site and the site where the MMU temporarily is located, affects the complexity of the information and material flow. In order to secure MMU productivity, both information and material flow to and from the stationary factory, the stationary factory’s sub-suppliers, the local suppliers, and the customer, must be handled.

    In order to use the MMU’s resources efficiently, the level of interaction with all these actors has to be selected wisely. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to investigate the information flow and material flow in one of the demonstrators within the Factory-in-a-Box project, in order to highlight the importance of selecting appropriate level of interaction and how mobility affects the supply chain relations.

  • 147.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Review of Supply Chain Collaboration Levels and Types2005Inngår i: Proceedings : International conference on operations and supply chain management: Bali-Indonesia, 15-17 December 2005, 2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 148.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Rigor, relevance, funding and qualifications: The catch 22 of University – industry interaction research2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 149.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Supply Chain Interaction: Market Requirements Affecting the Level of Interaction2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the mobile manufacturing concept is to provide solutions for mobile and flexible manufacturing capacity on demand. The idea with the concept is that a mobile manufacturing unit (MMU) could sent to the place where it is needed, either within the company, to a local supplier, to a customer, or to a partner, in order to, for example, cover a temporary volume peak.

    Within the research project Factory-in-a-Box, five fully operative MMUs have been designed and realized in close contact with Swedish manufacturing industries. The main logistic focus within the research project has been put on optimizing the transport solutions, while the implications on the relations in the supply chain have still not been analyzed. It is however, important to clarify that the geographical and organizational distance between the stationary site and the site where the MMU temporarily is located, affects the complexity of the information and material flow. In order to secure MMU productivity, both information and material flow to and from the stationary factory, the stationary factory’s sub-suppliers, the local suppliers, and the customer, must be handled.

    In order to use the MMU’s resources efficiently, the level of interaction with all these actors has to be selected wisely. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to investigate the information flow and material flow in one of the demonstrators within the Factory-in-a-Box project, in order to highlight the importance of selecting appropriate level of interaction and how mobility affects the supply chain relations.

  • 150.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Tiedemann, Fredrik
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Carlsson, Björn
    Parker Hannifin.
    Skyllt på skylten2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta papper är att undersöka hur graden av kundanpassning av ingående komponenter påverkar kostnad och ledtid. För att illustrera denna situation används ett exempel från hydraul pumptillverkaren Parker från när en ingående komponent ändrades från standard till kundunik utan att analysera hur detta påverkade ledtider och leveransförmåga. I pappret visar vi att KDI-metoden som simultant tar hänsyn till strategiska ledtider, grad av kundanpassning och kundorderns position ökar möjligheterna att ta väl underbyggda beslut, att undvika suboptimering och där igenom minska totalkostnaden.

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