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  • 101.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Looking for the true woman: An essay of the social construction of women and men1997Inngår i: Teorier och metoder för forskning om sociala representationer, School of Education and Communication at Jönköping University , 1997Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 102.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Motivation and adult education: a problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?2005Inngår i: Paper presented at the Nordic Conference on Adult Education, Turku, Finland, 2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 103.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Motivation in adult education: A problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?2006Inngår i: Paper (2nd edition) presented at workshop on Fouculdian perspectives on adult education. Nyköping, Sweden, 2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 104.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Motivation in adult education: A problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?2006Inngår i: Paper (3rd edition) presented at the Nordic Education Research Association, Örebro, Sweden, 2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 105.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Motivation in adult education: A problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?2006Inngår i: International Journal of Lifelong Education, ISSN 0260-1370, E-ISSN 1464-519X, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 385-405Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Adults' motivation to participate in continued education is of immediate interest, as lifelong learning is now considered as the solution to the pressing problems of increased levels of unemployment, not least among unskilled workers. Many theories concerning motivation and adult education maintain that individuals are innately motivated to learn, and conclude that motivation problems result from various dispositional, situational and structural impediments. If such barriers are removed, adults will be naturally motivated to educate themselves. This article argues against these theories and maintains that motivation should not be regarded as something residing within the individual. It is rather a construct of those who see it lacking in others. A critical reading of the literature shows how motivation theory stigmatizes people held ‘unmotivated’ in that the theories ascribe motivation problems to the individual, while assuming the basis upon which the problem is formulated for granted, and making those who formulate the problem invisible. Instead of a problem solver, motivation becomes a euphemism for direction and control. This article suggests that motivation should be seen as a relational concept, rather than as residing within the individual. Adults' motivation, or lack of this, is best understood in relation to those who formulate the problem. Instead of asking what motivates adults to study, research should focus on who states that this is a problem, and why, and the reasons for this conclusion. This approach makes the operations of power visible, and demonstrates how the discourse of lifelong learning, as a necessary political response to economic and technological determinism, constructs adults as inadequate.

  • 106.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Motivation och vuxnas lärande: en kunskapsöversikt och problematisering2004Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 107.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Motivation theory as power in disguise2008Inngår i: Foucault and Lifelong Learning: governing the subject, London: Routledge , 2008, s. 151-162Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 108.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Motivationsteori som verktyg för styrning och kontroll2007Inngår i: Studies in Educational Policy and Educational Philosophy Discourse, ISSN 1652-2729, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Narrating the entrepreneur in an entrepreneurship teaching case2006Inngår i: Paper presented at the 1:st Conference on Rhetoric and Narrative in Management Research, ESADE, Barcelona, Spain, 2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 110.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Oavsiktliga lektioner i kön: Hur ett praktikfall i entreprenörskap konstruerar kön och hur studenter lär sig annat än vad som var avsett2007Inngår i: Didaktisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1101-7686, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 185-206Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande artikel är en narrativ analys av ett praktikfall som används ientreprenörskapsundervisning. Analysen utgår från ett post-strukturalistisktfeministiskt perspektiv, där kön ses som socialt konstruerat. Analysen finner attpraktikfallet reproducerar en könsordning där kvinnor, och kvinnligt, systematisktnedvärderas. Praktikfallet avser att lära studenterna hur det kan gå till att starta ettföretag, men det lär samtidigt kvinnor att de inte hör hemma i affärslivet. Män lärsig att entreprenörskap är till för dem, samtidigt som de lär sig att kvinnor är tillför att gifta sig med och föda deras barn. De lär sig också att behandla kvinnorrespektlöst. För att förändra detta föreslås praktikfall med huvudpersoner som ärkvinnor, ett könsneutralt språk, samt berättelser som medvetet utmanartraditionella könsordningar. För att ytterligare berika lärandet från praktikfallföreslås vidare att studenter och lärare själva gör narrativa analyser av praktikfall.

  • 111.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Politik för kvinnors företagande i Sverige och USA2011Inngår i: Kvinnors företagande – mål eller medel? / [ed] E. Blomberg, G. Hedlund & M. Wottle, Stockholm: SNS Förlag , 2011, s. 292-322Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 112.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Sex business in the toy store: A narrative analysis of a teaching case2007Inngår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 673-693Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a narrative analysis of an entrepreneurship case performed from a post-structuralist feminist perspective. Acknowledging the social construction of reality, gender is conceptualized as performed rather than as an essential quality attached to male and female bodies. The analysis finds that the case reproduces discriminatory gender relations. While using such cases in entrepreneurship training may teach pragmatic lessons, they also teach women that there is no place for them in business. Suggestions for improvement include cases with female protagonists, gender-inclusive language, stories that challenge received entrepreneurship ideas, and the introduction of narrative analysis to enrich students' learning opportunities.

  • 113.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Ställde vi oss jämnt?: (An evaluation of an equal opportunities initiative)2003Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 114.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Testing empowerment as a way of building networks among women entrepreneurs: Or how theory plus practice became two theories2001Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 115.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The construction of the adult learner in motivation theory2007Inngår i: Adult education - liberty, fraternity equality?: Nordic views on lifelong learning, Turku: Finnish Educational Research Association , 2007, s. 139-160Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 116.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The construction of the female entrepreneur as the other2002Inngår i: Casting the Other: The production and maintenance of inequalities in work organizations / [ed] Barbara Czarniawska and Heather Höpfl, London: Routledge , 2002, s. 52-67Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 117.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The desperate search for a difference in gender research2007Inngår i: Presented at “Doing and undoing gender in entrepreneurship research”, HEC/Advanzia, Paris, France, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 118.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The desperate sesarch for a difference: an instituional perspective on resesarch on female entrepreneurship1998Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 119.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The equality work that needs to be done2019Inngår i: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2019, s. 105-118Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender inequality continues to exist in many organisations, which leads to dysfunctional workplaces and an underexploitation of existing competence. The chapter discusses the most common failures in enforcing gender equality and explains terms such as glass ceiling and vertical-, horizontal-, and internal gender segregation. The chapter examines and deconstructs the most common arguments that are present in the debate on gender equality and ends with an argument for justice, but with a new twist: people who feel that they have been treated unjustly also take up an adversarial stance towards the organisation, irrespective of their gender. Justice is thus a matter of proper resource utilisation.

  • 120.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The making of the female entrepreneur2003Inngår i: Edamba journal: 1st thesis competition, Vol. 1, s. 69-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 121.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The problematic relationship between social capital theory and gender research2008Inngår i: Women, entrepreneurship and social capital: A dialogue and construction, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press , 2008, s. 167-189Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 122.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The scientific reproduction of gender inequality: A discourse analysis of research texts on women's entrepreneurship2004Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 123.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The scientific reproduction of gender inequality in entrepreneurship texts2003Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 124.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Ways to study the text of entrepreneurship2003Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 125.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Why research on women entrepreneurs needs new directions2008Inngår i: Small business and entrepreneurship / [ed] Robert A. Blackburn and Candida G. Brush, Thoasand Oaks: Sage , 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 126.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Why research on women entrepreneurs needs new directions2006Inngår i: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 30, nr 5, s. 595-621Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research articles on women's entrepreneurship reveal, in spite of intentions to the contrary and in spite of inconclusive research results, a tendency to recreate the idea of women as being secondary to men and of women's businesses being of less significance or, at best, as being a complement. Based on a discourse analysis, this article discusses what research practices cause these results. It suggests new research directions that do not reproduce women's subordination but capture more and richer aspects of women's entrepreneurship.

  • 127.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Women and entrepreneurship: Contemporary classics2006Inngår i: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 26, nr 6, s. 661-664Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 128.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Women and humanities: Allies or enemies?2006Inngår i: Management Education and Humanites, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2006, s. 45-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 129.
    Ahl, Helene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Women’s enterprise – a boost or a detriment to the Scandinavian welfare system?2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 130.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Berglund, K.
    Pettersson, K.
    Sköld, B.
    Tillmar, M.
    Entrepreneurship in rural areas: The role of women?2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 131.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Berglund, Karin
    The introduction of entrepreneurship in contemporary Swedish education policy: Ugly duckling or beautiful swan?2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 132.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Can governments support both women and entrepreneurship?  2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism in Sweden as well as in the other Scandinavian countries was largely formulated as state feminism. The women’s movement has cooperated with feminists in the state, resulting in societies that count as the most gender equal in the world. The Scandinavian countries are consistently ranked in the top position on international gender equality indices. The state has provided a large publicly financed welfare sector that both employs many women, and makes it possible to combine work and family through family friendly policies. The last decade has seen a political change influenced by neoliberal thought, in which politicians hand over welfare state responsibilities to the market, and instead encourage entrepreneurship, not least among women. The Swedish government has since 20 years back programs and policies to promote women’s entrepreneurship. The Swedish state has during the same period shrunk the public sector and privatized many operations in services and care, which traditionally employ many women. Instead, women are encouraged to start businesses in former public sectors. Empirical studies suggest however, that all of the increase of women’s entrepreneurship in these sectors is within low-paid, micro service businesses, typically child minding.

    Traditional state feminism has also changed character. Instead of public regulations, market solutions are advocated. In this paper we ask how to theorize this change from a feminist theory perspective; we ask what the implications for feminist action are, and we ask what consequences for women’s position in society are. We use research literature and policy texts as our empirical material and conduct a critical literature analysis. We conclude that the entrepreneurship discourse challenges, and possibly weakens state feminism and feminist action as we have known it in the Scandinavian countries, but may also offer new forms of feminist resistance, on market terms. 

  • 133.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Entrepreneurship for Equality?2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 134.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    From feminism to FemInc.ism: On the uneasy relationship between feminism, entrepreneurship and the Nordic welfare state2016Inngår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 369-392Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism in the Nordic countries was primarily formulated in terms of ‘state feminism’. The women’s movement cooperated with feminist government officials and politicians, resulting in societies that can be considered to be the most gender-equal societies in the world. Historically, the state provided for a large publicly-financed welfare sector which made it possible for many women to combine work and family through the state’s implementation of family-friendly policies, while simultaneously providing employment opportunities for many women.

    However, since the financial crisis of the 1990s, there has been a political change influenced by neo-liberal thought, in which politicians have handed over the welfare state’s responsibilities to the market, and, instead, the politicians have encouraged entrepreneurship, not least among women. Further to this development, there has been a change in emphasis from entrepreneurship (understood as starting and running a business) to entrepreneurialism which, in addition to a belief in the efficacy of market forces, also contains a social dimension where individuals are supposed to be flexible and exercise choice. In this article, we ask whether this entails a change in the feminist project in the Nordic countries, and if so, what the likely consequences are for this project, both in practice and in research.

    In order to answer this question, we reviewed existing Nordic research on women’s entrepreneurship and examined how this body of work conceptualizes entrepreneurship, gender, the state, and equality. We also considered whether any trends could be identified. We relate our findings to recent changes in government policy and conclude that the current discourse on entrepreneurship challenges, and possibly weakens, state feminism, but we also conclude that this discourse may also provide space for new forms of feminist action, in market terms. We coin the term FemInc.ism to denote feminist action through enterprise and we discuss a number of important challenges that research on this phenomenon is faced with.

  • 135.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Is institutional support for women’s entrepreneurship feminist?2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 136.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Nordregio.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Will business ownership support gender equality?2012Inngår i: g12 Nationell konferens för genusforskning / [ed] Alnebratt, Kerstin & Holgersson, Charlotte, Göteborg, 2012, s. 38-38Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 137.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Berglund, Karin
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    Women’s entrepreneurship in rural areas: A literature review2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 138.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, IngelaStockholms universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.Kilhammar, KarinHögskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 139.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, IngelaHögskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.Kilhammar, KarinHögskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell. Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Human resource management: A Nordic perspective2019Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 140.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Conceptualizing entrepreneurship as creative space 2011Inngår i: Presented at 4th EuroMed Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, Elounda, Greece, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews and challenges received conceptualizations of entrepreneurship. We find entrepreneurship too narrowly defined, the business contexts in which it is customarily applied limiting, and the focus of input measured as forms of capital and output measured as economic gain restrictive. It black-boxes what entrepreneurs really do, reveals little about the process or the phenomenon of entrepreneurship, and its application in contexts other than business unnecessarily imposes business values that are not appropriate in such contexts. We further argue for the use of case studies as a fruitful way of unpacking the entrepreneurial process, and offer an example of such a case study. The analysis of the case results in a conceptualization of entrepreneurship as creative space, with three interrelated and co-dependent process movements: conservation, coordination and creation. We suggest entrepreneurship as creative space as a productive metaphor in studying what entrepreneurs really do, and also recommend a return to the original definition of entrepreneurship as entreprendre, that is, to undertake something.

  • 141.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Czarniawska, Barbara
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Many words about tea2010Inngår i: ENTER: Entrepreneurial Narrative Theory Ethnomethodology and Reflexivity: An Issue about The Republic of Tea / [ed] William B. Gartner, Clemson University Digital Press , 2010, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 191-210Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 142.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Florin Samuelsson, Emilia
    Networking through empowerment and empowerment through networking: results from a practical experiment using networking through empowerment to enhance women's entrepreneurship2000Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 143.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Florin Samuelsson, Emilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Testing networking strategies for nascent women entrepreneurs2001Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 144.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan.
    Florin Samuelsson, Emilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan.
    Walking a tightrope: Women entrepreneurs on the pricing decision as a delicate act of balancing inner and outer forces1999Inngår i: Sailing the Entrepreneurial Wave into the 21st Century: proceedings for the USASBE Entrepreneurship Conference in January 1999 / [ed] Scott William Kunkel, San Diego: University of San Diego , 1999Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a pilot study on the rationales for pricing decisions among a group of female entrepreneurs. For the purpose of avoiding pre-determined categories and allowing novel ideas and concerns to emerge, a focus group methodology was employed. Unlike the dominating literature on the subject which sees pricing as a rational decision based on costs, customer value and competition, this study suggests that both contextual factors and psychological factors are important. Important contextual factors were culture, regional characteristics and gender. Important psychological factors were sense of fairness, morals, identity, self-image, need for confirmation and self-confidence.

  • 145.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The theory of conditional social equality: Group homogeneity as a prerequisite for challenging (some) inequalities among older men2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 146.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Golding, B.
    Federation University Australia.
    How the Men’s Shed idea travels to Scandinavia2017Inngår i: Australian Journal of Adult Learning, ISSN 1443-1394, Vol. 57, nr 3, s. 316-333Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Australia has around 1,000 Men’s Sheds – informal communitybased workshops offering men beyond paid work somewhere to go, something to do and someone to talk to. They have proven to be of great benefit for older men’s learning, health and wellbeing, social integration, and for developing a positive male identity focusing on community responsibility and care. A Men’s Shed is typically selforganized and ‘bottom-up’, which is also a key success factor, since it provides participants with a sense of ownership and empowerment. Men’s Sheds are now spreading rapidly internationally, but the uptake of the idea varies with the local and national context, and so too may the consequences. Our paper describes how the Men’s Shed travelled to Denmark, a country with considerably more ‘social engineering’ than in Australia, where Sheds were opened in 2015, via a ‘top-down’ initiative sponsored by the Danish Ministry of Health. Using data from the study of the web pages of the Danish ‘Shed’ organizations, from interviews with the central organizer, and from visits and interviews with participants and local organizers at two Danish Men’s sheds, we describe how the idea of the Men’s Shed on the Australian model was interpreted and translated at central and local levels. Preliminary data indicate that similar positive benefits as exist in Australia may result, provided that local ownership is emphasized.

  • 147.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Golding, Barry
    Federation University, Australia.
    How the idea of a Men’s Shed travels to Scandinavia2017Inngår i: Getting of wisdom – Learning in later life: International Exchange and Conferences, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Australia has around 1,000 Men’s Sheds – informal community-based workshops offering men beyond paid work somewhere to go, something to do and someone to talk to. They have proven to be of great benefit for older men’s learning, health and wellbeing, social integration, and for developing a positive male identity focusing on community responsibility and care. A Men’s Shed is typically self-organized and ‘bottom-up’, which is also a key success factor, since it provides participants with a sense of ownership and empowerment. Men’s Sheds are now spreading rapidly internationally, but the uptake of the idea varies with the local and national context, and so too may the consequences. Our paper describes how the Men’s Shed travelled to Denmark, a country with considerably more ‘social engineering’ than in Australia, where Sheds were opened in 2015, via a ‘top-down’ initiative sponsored by the Danish Ministry of Health. Using data from the study of the web pages of the Danish ‘Shed’ organizations, from interviews with the central organizer, and from visits and interviews with participants and local organizers at two Danish Men’s sheds, we describe how the idea of the Men’s Shed on the Australian model was interpreted and translated at central and local levels. Preliminary data indicate that similar positive benefits as in Australia may result, provided that local ownership is emphasized.

  • 148.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Golding, Barry
    Federation University, Australia.
    The Nordic translation of “Men’s Shed”, a gendered model for adult learning2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research topic/Aim:

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight empirical examples of habilitation effects of an adjusted education for young adults with high-functioning autism. Our paper draws upon findings from a project researched - an IT education called the IT-track  - which is an example of an initiative that has had the intention to help to break the isolation and exclusion in favor of inclusion. The IT-track started in January 2012 and is founded by The European Social Fund (ESF), Region Jönköping, Höglandet’s Coordinating Association and Eksjö Municipality. It targets young people diagnosed with high-functioning autism between 19-30 years old. The IT-track offers upper secondary and university courses in programming, CAD and computer systems, as well as internship experience.

    Theoretical/Methodological framework

    • Supported education
    • Supported employment
    • Sense of coherence

    The study is inspired by ethnographic methodology (Hammersley & Atkinson, 2007), where researchers reside within the environments and situations they want to learn about. Data was collected by way of participant observations, natural conversations, research interviews with students and one focus group interview with the staff (van Manen, 1990). The different data collection methods complemented each other and, taken together, provide a rich description of the students’ experiences of the IT-track.

    Expected findings:

    The context of the present study is focused on (i) the students’ experiences of the IT-track, (ii) the students’ previous school experiences, and (iii) how they relate to their future. The findings involve:

    • Identified adjustments at the IT-track
    • To get structure in everyday life
    • To function better socially with others 
    • Extended horizons of possibility
    • Employment and internship

    Relevance for Nordic adult education and learning research:

    The findings have relevance for Nordic adult education and learning research due to a prior lack of research into Asperger syndrome and education of younger adults. This paper highlights the need for a better understanding of how environments can be adapted in order to be supportive and contributing to learning and habilitation.

  • 149.
    Ahl, Helene J.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    The Making of the Female Entrepreneur: A Discourse Analysis of Research Texts on Women’s Entrepreneurship2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from a social constructionist understanding of gender, this thesis examines how the female entrepreneur is constructed in research articles about women’s entrepreneurship. It finds that even if the texts celebrate women’s entrepreneurship, they do it in such a way as to recreate women’s secondary position in society.

    Building on Foucault’s theory of discourse, the thesis analyzes the discursive practices by which this result was achieved. These practices include certain assumptions that are taken for granted about women, men, business, work, and family. One of these assumptions is that men and women must be different. Despite research results to the contrary, many texts insist that the genders are different and construct three kinds of arguments in support of this. One is making a mountain out of a molehill, i.e. stressing small differences while ignoring similarities. Another is the self-selected woman, which proclaims women entrepreneurs as unusual women. The third is called the good mother and consists of molding an alternative, feminine model of entrepreneurship while leaving the dominant model intact. These arguments reproduce the idea of essential gender differences and the idea of the woman as the weaker sex.

    The discursive practices also include certain ontological and epistemological assumptions, which are questioned in the thesis. In addition, they contain disciplinary regulations as well as writing and publishing practices that reinforce the discourse. The practices and the ensuing research results are moreover dependent on the particular context in which the articles are produced. This means that their results and conclusions cannot be transferred to other contexts uncritically.

    By discussing these practices, the thesis opens the way for alternative ways of theorizing and researching women’s entrepreneurship. Suggestions for alternative research practices include the addition of institutional aspects to the research agenda, such as labor market structure, family policy, and legislation. The thesis also suggests a shift in epistemological position – from gender as something that is given, to gender as something that is produced.

  • 150.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Marlow, S.
    Gendering entrepreneurship: have the sisters done for themselves?2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
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