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  • 101.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Fröbel, Lisa
    Sustainable Rural Development and Social Capital Improvement2009In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 4 / [ed] Kobayshi, K., Westlund, H., Tamura, T. & Jeong, H., Kyoto: MARG, Kyoto University , 2009, 1, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Gawell, Malin
    KTH.
    Building Social Capital For Social Entrepreneurship2012In: Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, ISSN 1370-4788, E-ISSN 1467-8292, Vol. 83, no 1, p. 101-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By entrepreneurial combinations of voluntary resources, project means from public and private sources, commissions on contracts and other ways of financing, the youth house Fryshuset, with a great number of social activities for primarily young people in Stockholm, Sweden, has been able to allocate resources for establishing and expanding its activities. This development would not have been possible without struggle against established norms, values, traditions and institutions, not least the 'close to monopoly' that the public sector in practice was having on the fields in which Fryshuset emerged. Step by step, Fryshuset has built partnerships and alliances with public, private as well as civil actors. Expressed in a general way, Fryshuset has built a new social capital and created new norms and values. The aim of the paper is to investigate how Fryshuset has managed to build social capital through, and for entrepreneurial efforts aiming to facilitate young peoples' development.

  • 103.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Gawell, Malin
    ESBRI Stockholm.
    Social entrepreneurship as a construct of a liberal welfare regime?2014In: Social entrepreneurship and enterprise: Concepts in context / [ed] H Douglas and S Grant, Melbourne: Tilde Univeristy Press , 2014, p. 241-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 104.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Centre for the Future of Places (CFP), KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Introduction: In the post-urban world2017In: In the post-urban world: Emergent transformation of cities and regions in the innovative global economy / [ed] T. Haas & H. Westlund, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The complexities of contemporary global urban, political, economic, and environmental issues are evident. It is not hyperbole to say that human beings are now confronted with the greatest challenge that we have ever faced; in fact, it is a matter of life and death. The planet has recently been experiencing a convergence of natural and man-made crises that are unprecedented in our lifetime. We are also facing the consequences of accelerating and rapid urbanization, the scarcity of natural resources and their mismanagement, the impact of major errors in our responses to disasters, and the increasing demand for and complexity of greatly expanding transportation flows (Haas, 2012). Our societies have also undergone rapid and radical shifts in terms of age and class, increasing inequities between the rich and poor and intense demand for affordable and high-quality housing. All of these major challenges require immediate solutions from architects, urban planners, urban designers, landscape architects, and urbanists; actually, we need the combined efforts of all good people who are concerned with the physical condition and future of our cities. We need these professionals and experts to contribute their most imaginative, pragmatic, resilient, innovative, and just solutions. 

  • 105.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Maria
    Social capital enhancement through regional co-operation: A study of a Swedish policy program2008In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, E-ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 35-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 106.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Eliasson, Kent
    "New Rurality": Employment, Commuting and Entrepreneurship in Rural Sweden2011In: Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, ISSN 1939-1250, E-ISSN 1939-1269, p. 839-852Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 107.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Kobayashi, Kiyoahi
    Kyoto University.
    Matsushima, Kakuya
    Kyoto University.
    Social capital, creative services and rural development2014In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 9 / [ed] K Matsushima, H Westlund, K Kobayashi, Kyoto: MARG, Kyoto University , 2014, p. 1-7Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Kobayashi, KiyoshiKyoto University.
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol.52010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Kobayashi, KiyoshiKyoto University.
    Social Capital and Rural Development in the Knowledge Society2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 110.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Department of Urban Planning and Environment.
    Kobayashi, Kiyoshi
    Kyoto University.
    Social capital and sustainable urban-rural relationships in the global knowledge society2013In: Social capital and rural development in the knowledge society / [ed] Westlund, H. and Kobayashi, K., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 111.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kobayashi, KiyoshiHatori, Tsuyoshi
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 42009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 112.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Department of Urban Planning and Environment.
    Kobayashi, Kiyoshi
    Kyoto University.
    Jeong, Hayeong
    Kyoto University.
    Social capital formation and reformation for rural lives and disaster relief2012In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 7 / [ed] Kobayashi, K., Westlund, H., Jeong, H., Kyoto: MARG , 2012, p. 1-9Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 113.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kobayashi, KiyoshiMatsushima, Kakuya
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Kobayashi, KiyoshiKyoto University.Yehong, HayeongKyoto University .
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 62011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Start-ups and Local Entrepreneurial Social Capital in the Municipalities of Sweden2014In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 48, no 6, p. 974-994Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Start-ups and local entrepreneurial social capital in the municipalities of Sweden, Regional Studies. This paper contains one of the first empirical attempts to investigate the influence of local entrepreneurial social capital (ESC) on start-up propensity. A unique database, including not only total start-ups but also data on start-ups divided into six sectors, is used to study the impact of ESC on start-ups per capita. The results support the hypothesis that social capital, measured both as (1) firm perception of local public attitudes to entrepreneurship and (2) the share of small businesses influences start-up propensity in Swedish municipalities. The findings also support previous results suggesting that social capital has a somewhat stronger influence in rural areas than in urban areas.

  • 116.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Li, Yuheng
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.
    Analysis of local social capital2015In: Handbook of research methods and applications in economic geography / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson and Therese Norman, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 321-341Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter deals with social capital from a certain perspective, that is, local social capital. However, before we start the analysis of what it is that characterizes local social capital and how it is being studied, it is necessary to relate to some of the contentious issues of social capital in general – as these are sometimes also reflected in local social capital.

  • 117.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Li, Yuheng
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Collaboration Innovation Systems and the Significance of Social Capital2013In: Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context / [ed] Adam, F. and Westlund, H., New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 126-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 118.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Li, Yuheng
    College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University.
    From urban-rural to global dependencies2014In: International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, ISSN 1466-6650, E-ISSN 1741-5136, Vol. 13, no 2-4, p. 141-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Against the background of global urban knowledge economy, this paper discusses some of the challenges that sustainable urban life is facing in the global knowledge economy of the 21st century. The paper makes an overview of the fundamental change in urban-rural relations, urban and rural demographics, the concepts of place surplus and place attractiveness, agglomeration and the new economic geography, global threats to long-term urban sustainability and finally the needs of policy visions and strategies for sustainable urban life across the world.

  • 119.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Navabi, Pardis
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    The entrepreneurial/innovative place potential of Swedish cities and towns2014In: The social dynamics of innovation networks / [ed] R Rutten, P Benneworth, D Irawati, F Boekema, Abingdon: Routledge, 2014, p. 60-80Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 120.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Matsushima, KayuyaKobayashi, KiyoshiKyoto University.
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 92014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Nilsson, Elin
    Measuring enterprises' investments in social capital: a pilot study2005In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 39, no 8, p. 1079-1094Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 122.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Agriculture's transformation and land-use change in a post-urban world: A case study of the Stockholm region2022In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 93, p. 345-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to address the hypotheses of complete urbanization and the post urban world with an emphasis on the agricultural sector. The paper studies spatial and temporal changes in land-use and agricultural activities in one rapidly growing metropolitan region, the Stockholm region. We explore the number and size of agricultural firms, changes in their main activity and trends of diversification and land prices for various types of land and location, all in a disaggregated spatial dimension. The results contribute to a deeper understanding of agriculture's function in metropolitan regions and shed new light on the possibilities of the agricultural sector to transform in a world where the traditional urban-rural relations are ceasing to exist.

  • 123.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Wixe, Sofia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Case studies on innovation and entrepreneurship in rural areas from Sweden: Jönköping County and Jämtland County2021In: Smart Development for Rural Areas / [ed] A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund, Taylor & Francis, 2021, p. 134-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter aims to contribute to the research on innovation, entrepreneurship and their determinants by investigating these issues in two Swedish regions - Jonkoping County and Jamtland. Jonkoping County is representative for a rural and peri-urban area, with a central location in Sweden. Firm innovativeness is an important dimension of entrepreneurship and is regarded as playing a vital role for firm growth, including for firms located in rural areas. The ability of firms to renew themselves is becoming increasingly important from the perspective of firm survival and growth. The county has a strong entrepreneurial and small firm tradition in the manufacturing sector. The town of Gnosjo is famous for its “entrepreneurial spirit” and flexible small firms that both compete and cooperate. The county has a strong entrepreneurial and small firm tradition in manufacturing. Interesting regional differences emerge when looking at the factors that can facilitate innovation, i.e. firm size and human capital characteristics.

  • 124.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Olsson, Amy Rader
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Entrepreneurial governance for local growth2014In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 9 / [ed] K. Matsushima, H. Westlund, K. Kobayashi, Kyoto: MARG Kyoto Univeristy , 2014, p. 9-27Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 125.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Pichler, Wolfgang
    Settlement patterns on the Swedish countryside in the emerging knowledge society2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Pichler, Wolfgang
    Settlement Patterns on the Swedish Countryside in the Emerging Knowledge Society2006In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 2, Kyoto: MARG, Kyoto University , 2006, p. 103-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Pichler, Wolfgang
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis.
    The Swedish countryside in the neo-urban knowledge economy2013In: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 225-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As in other countries, urbanization and industrialization in Sweden was two sides of the same coin. To a large extent, the Swedish urbanization took place at a low level with the emergence of many small towns. In the last decades, a redistribution of the urban population to bigger cities has happened. This neo-urbanization is interpreted as a consequence of the breakthrough of the knowledge economy. This paper focuses on the ‘backside of the coin’ of this neo-urbanization, namely, how the rural areas have been affected. Westlund found that the countryside's population growth 1990–1997 primarily could be explained by income and the size of the local labour market. In this paper, we examine the current trends of population development in different age groups and extend the possible explanatory variables to among others, some variables measuring local social capital. Our main result is that it does not seem to be rural amenities per se that explain rural population growth in certain areas, but the rural areas' relative accessibility to urban amenities. This rural dependency on urban services and goods is a major challenge for rural policy in the neo-urban knowledge economy.

  • 128.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Department of Urban Planning and Environment.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH.
    Measuring political entrepreneurship: an empirical study of Swedish Municipalities2012In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 7 / [ed] Kobayashi, K, Westlund, H., Jeong, H., Kyoto: MARG , 2012, p. 121-147Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 129.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Economic Entrepreneurship, Startups and their Effects on Local development: The Case of Sweden2011In: Uddevalla Symposium 2011: Entreprenuerial Knowledge, Technology and Transformation of Regions / [ed] Bernhard, I., Trollhättan: Department of Economics and IT, University West , 2011, p. 451-470Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The current empirical entrepreneurship literature mainly shows a positive correlation between entrepreneurship (measured as the number of startups) and economic growth. However, the mechanisms by which entrepreneurship exerts its positive influence are not obvious. This paper studies the connections between startups and local development at the municipal level in Sweden 2000-2008. We use a unique database including not only total startups, but data on startups divided in six branches to study the impact of entrepreneurship on population and employment growth. Analyses are performed on all municipalities as well as by municipality type and by growth rate. In contrast to previous research, our results indicate that for several branch groups startup effects on growth may be more pronounced in low density areas than in urban agglomerations. This paper also contains one of the first empirical attempts to investigate the influence of local norms, values, networks and other spacebound assets on entrepreneurship propensity. We find that this “local Entrepreneurial Social Capital” (ESC) is highly correlated with startup frequency in Swedish municipalities.

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  • 130.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Entrepreneurship and its effects on local employment and population in Sweden2014In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 8. / [ed] S Westerdahl, H Westlund, K Kobayashi, Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School , 2014, p. 73-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    Division of RUrban and Regional Studies, KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Startups and their effects on local development: the case of Sweden2013In: Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Technology and the Transformation of Regions / [ed] B. Johansson, C. Karlsson & R. Stough, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 51-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Department of Urban Planning and Environment.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Startups, social capital and local development2012In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 7 / [ed] Kobayashi, K., Westlund, H., Jeong, H, Kyoto: MARG , 2012, p. 25-43Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 133.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Rutten, Roel
    Department of Organisation Studies, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands.
    Boekema, Frans
    Department of Human Geography, Nijmegen University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Social Capital, Distance, Borders and Levels of Space: Conclusions and Further Issues2010In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 965-970Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 134.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Malmö Högskola.
    Kobayashi, Kiyoshi
    Kyoto University.
    Globalisation, social capital and rural development2014In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 8. / [ed] S Westerdahl, H Westlund, K Kybayashi, Jönköping: CENSE (Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics), Jönköping International Business School , 2014, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Westerdahl, StigMalmö högskola.Kobayashi, KiyoshiKyoto University.
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 82013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 136.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Filippi, M.
    Bordeaux University BSA, France.
    Galliano, D.
    AGIR Research Unit (Toulouse), French National Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research (INRAE), France.
    Mossböck, J.
    Steiner, M.
    On smart business in rural areas: Entrepreneurship, innovation and their determinants2021In: Smart Development for Rural Areas / [ed] A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund, Taylor & Francis, 2021, p. 31-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability of firms and regions to renew themselves is becoming increasingly important from the perspective of survival and competitiveness. Renewal, technological change, or innovation is also commonly perceived as the main driver of economic growth, which implies that innovation is important from both a micro- and a macro perspective. Following Schumpeter, innovation should be regarded as a broad concept that incorporates not only new products, but also e.g. new production processes and new ways of doing business. This chapter focuses on the determinants of entrepreneurship and innovation in rural regions. The specific determinants for innovation and entrepreneurship can be broadly defined in three groups; knowledge, diversity and amenities. External knowledge in terms of collaboration with other firms and access to a diverse, but related, knowledge base provides potential determinants for innovation, as well as entrepreneurship.

  • 137.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Disentangling innovation in small food firms: The role of external knowledge, support, and collaboration2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper applies unique survey data on innovation and external interaction of small food producers in Sweden.The overall purpose is to test if firms that are more engaged in external interaction are more innovative. To disentangle innovativeness beyond new goods and services, innovation is measured as new processes, new markets, new suppliers, new ways of organization, and new distributors. Findings point to a positive relationship between firm innovation and external interaction, both in terms of collaboration, external knowledge and support from regional actors. In particular, collaboration regarding transports and sales is shown to enhance most types of innovation. Product and process innovation benefit from external knowledge from extra-regional firms as well as regional support from the largest firm. Findings suggest that current innovation policies can improve their efficiency by increasing their flexibility to enable tailor-made innovation policies at the local level.

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  • 138.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Disentangling innovation in small food firms: The role of external knowledge, support, and collaboration2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 139.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    The role of collaboration and external knowledge for innovation in small food firms2023In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 70, p. 135-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we use unique purpose-built survey data to show that small food firms are more innovative when externally engaged. To capture this, we apply a broad classification of innovative activities, including new products, processes, markets, organization, and distribution channels, and examine them against types of external interactions. The analysis, an ordered logit estimation, controls for heterogeneity across firms as well as geographic conditions. The results demonstrate a positive relationship between external interaction and firm innovation, though there are differences across types of external engagement and innovation activities. Product innovation benefits from knowledge from extra-regional firms, while several of the other forms of innovation show a positive relationship with support from regional and municipality boards. Additionally, firm collaboration regarding transports and sales enhances most types of innovation, but there are few relationships of benefit with research-intensive organizations. We conclude that, to be effective, innovation strategies of both the firms themselves and policymakers need to consider local context, access to intra- and extra-regional knowledge sources, and what types of innovation activities the firms are engaged in.

  • 140.
    Yuheng, Li
    et al.
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Zhang, Zhenghe
    College of Economics and Management in China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Department of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Yansui, Liu
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Rural household income in transitional China: Spatio-temporal disparity and its interpretation2015In: China: An International Journal, ISSN 0219-7472, E-ISSN 0219-8614, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 151-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to investigate the evidence of spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income at the provincial level in China during the 1978-2007 period. A research framework is developed to study the transitional processes of decentralisation, marketisation, urbanisation and globalisation. By computing the Moran's I index and using the spatial regression model, the findings indicate a highly clustered, spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income across the eastern, central and western regions in China during the post-reform era. Rural household income tends to be higher in the eastern provinces in comparison to inland provinces. This disparity is attributed to the impacts from the institutional, economic, social and external transitions that become increasingly significant in the recent decades in China.

  • 141.
    Zhang, Y.
    et al.
    China Center for Land Policy Research and College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing, 210095, China.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Report from a Chinese village 2019: Rural homestead transfer and rural vitalization2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 20, p. 1-22, article id 8635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the economic transition and changes in the urban–rural relationships, rural revitalization has become a great political concern in China. Reforming the rural land system is considered an important prerequisite for the revitalization of the countryside as the homestead transfer can provide new land utilization space for industries. This case study of the “hollow village” (villages with abandoned houses) reconstruction of Wantang in Yiwu city, which is a homestead system reforming pilot, aims at making a detailed analysis of the specific practice of homestead transfer. It analyzes the roles and functions of the local village collective organization in the reform of homestead transfer. From the capitalization on homestead value, the effect of densification of housing, and the effect of labor resource diversification of homestead transfer, this paper analyzes how the village collective uses the policy of the “hollow village reconstruction” to realize rural revitalization and farmers’ welfare. A conclusion is that the village collective’s leadership and mobilization played an indispensable role in the process of homestead system reform. Building up industry is the key factor for the village’s revitalization. It is significant not only for the use of the homestead resource but also for creating off-farm employment. Our findings also emphasize the need for bottom-up village collective initiatives to align with top-down government policy, regional resource endowments and enterprises, to achieve rural revitalization.

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