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  • 101.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Johansson, Boo
    Psykologisk utveckling: Intelligens och minne1989In: Läkartidningen, Vol. 86, p. 2778-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 102.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Johansson, Boo
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    En studie kring isolering och ensamhet bland äldre1983In: Ensamhet och isolering: rapport från ett seminarium, Jönköping: Institutet för gerontologi, Jönköping , 1983Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Johansson, Boo
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ensamhet1982In: Nordisk Psykologi: teori, forskning, praksis, ISSN 0029-1463, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 303-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social isolation and loneliness are often considered to be important and frequent problems in old age. However, the empirical support for this notion is weak. Results from Swedish studies show that rather extensive social networks continue into old age. Only a small minority can be said to be isolated and suffering from feelings of loneliness. This minority, however, reports a lower life satisfaction, which can also produce physical and psychological problems. Increased attention must be directed toward such negative consequences of weak social networks. This is especially important in discussions of how to alter a social situation characterized by loneliness and isolation. It is emphasized that further research within this field must be based on more explicit theories.

  • 104.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Landahl, Sten
    Psychological functioning in 70- and 75-year-old people: Intellectual functions and cardiovascular disease.1979Report (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Landahl, Sten
    Steen, Bertil
    Steen, Gunilla
    SCAG-S: beteendeskattningsskala för geriatriska och psykogeriatriska patienter : en svensk version1980Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 106.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Landahl, Sten
    Steen, Bertil
    Steen, Gunilla
    Vasopressin of value as a drug in psychogeriatric medicine?: Evaluation of a double blind trial.1981Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 107.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Psykosociala aspekter på personlig hygien1977In: Personlig hygien, Stockholm: Liber , 1977, p. 12-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Socialpsykologiska problemområden i åldrandeprocessen1977Report (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Äldres flyttningar till service och vårdinstitutioner - erfarenheter från Vetanda kommun1983In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 60, no 10, p. 539-544Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 110.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    McClearn, G
    Pedersen, N L
    A twin register of unlike sexed elderly swedes1995In: The 12th International Twin Congress, Richmond, 1995Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 111.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    McClearn, G E
    Genetic and environmental effects on symptoms of depression in old old twins1997In: World Congress on Psychiatric Genetics, 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    McClearn, Gerald E
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Pedersen, Nancy
    Genetic and environmental effects on exercise from early adulthood to old age1995In: Toward healthy aging: international perspectives, Albany, N Y: Center for the Study of Aging , 1995, p. 35-40Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 113.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Melin, Else
    Hypnotic susceptibility in old age: Some data from residential homes for old people.1975In: International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis, ISSN 0020-7144, E-ISSN 1744-5183, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 184-189Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 114.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Melin, Else
    Hypnotiserbarhet hos personer som bor på ålderdomshem samt ett försök till behandling av sömnbesvär med hjälp av suggestioner1973Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 115.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Mellström, Dan
    Persson, G
    Svanborg, Allvar
    Loneliness in the swedish aged1981In: Journal of Gerontology, ISSN 0022-1422, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 342-349Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Mårtensson, Ewert
    Åldrandets psykologi1975Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 117.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Mårtensson, Ewert
    Åldrandets psykologi1976In: Psykologisk uppslagsbok, Natur & Kultur, Stockholm , 1976, p. 476-479Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 118.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Mårtensson, Ewert
    Malmberg, Bo
    Pensionering: Psykologiska och sociala aspekter1976Book (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Svanborg, Allvar
    Behavioural and clinical aspects: Longitudinal studies1988In: Psychological assessment of the elderly, London: Churchill Livingstone , 1988, p. 47-60Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 120.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Nordqvist, Persy
    Tubbin, Monica
    Arfwidson, Samuel
    Vårdbehov och medicinkonsumtion bland äldre på servicehus med helinackordering: En 14-årsuppföljning1983Report (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Norlin, Eva
    Olsson, Agneta
    Psykoterapi och andra metoder vid psykologisk behandling av äldre1974Report (Other academic)
  • 122.
    berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Olsson, A
    Psykoterapi inom geriatrik, psykogeriatrik och social åldringsvård1974In: Nordisk Psykologi, Vol. 26, p. 119-128Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 123.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Psykogerontologisk forskning om intelligens och kreativitet1982In: Nordisk Psykologi, Vol. 34, p. 275-289Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 124.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Sjöberg, T
    Psykologens roll inom åldringsvården1976In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, Vol. 53, p. 48-52Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 125.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Sjöås Karlsson, K
    Steen, Bertil
    Den fysiska miljön på sjukhem - patienter och personals synpunkter1977In: Sjukhuset,,,, Vol. 54, p. 324-327Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 126.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Steen, G
    Kohortskillnader och intellektuell förmåga1998In: 14. Nordiska kongressen i Gerontologi, Trondheim, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 127.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Kommunal och regional variation inom äldreomsorgen1989Report (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 128.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Svensson, Torbjörn
    An orientation scale for geriatric patients1980In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 215-219Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 129.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Svensson, Torbjörn
    En orienteringsskala för geriatriska och psykogeriatriska patienter1978In: Nordisk Psykiatrisk Tidskrift, p. 507-512Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 130.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Svensson, Torbjörn
    Långtidsvård - ett område för förändring1978In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, Vol. 55, p. 585-590Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 131.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Svensson, Torbjörn
    Skattningsskalor för bedömning av den fysiska miljön hos service- och vårdanläggningar för äldre: BFMÄ-skalan1983Report (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Svensson, Torbjörn
    Tjellden, A L
    Milieu treatment in a ward for psychiatric long-term care1977In: Scandinavian journal of social medicine. Supplementum, ISSN 0301-7311, Vol. 14, no Suppl. 14, p. 163-172Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 133.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    On the Context of Elderly Persons' Occupational Performance2003In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, ISSN 0270-3181, E-ISSN 1541-3152, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 49-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the context of elderly persons’ occupational performance in order to expose factors affecting their opportunities to age successfully. The study design is a descriptive pilot study and consists of interviews, based on a standardized questionnaire, with thirteen elderly people in their home settings. The results show that the informants’ occupational performance problems are mostly related to their occupational function and physical environment. The informants seem to be satisfied with their life as elderly individuals, but with adequate support, aiming to increase their occupational performance, their wellbeing may increase to benefit both themselves and the society in which they live.

  • 134.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Technical support for family caregivers2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project was to investigate if support received by family care givers in the form of products, technology and web-based services corresponds to their needs when taking care of a person aged over 65 years at home. Questionnaires related to activity limitations, need for support and received support were distributed nationally and answered by 368 family care givers and 332 occupational therapists, who had met family care givers within their services. Furthermore, 58 family care givers were individually interviewed. The results from the questionnaires demonstrated that family care givers experienced activity limitations with the person they take care of to a higher degree than their expressed need for support in the form of products/technology and web-based services. In addition, they stated their need for support as greater than that they had received. Family care givers experienced activity limitations with the person they took care of to a higher degree than occupational therapists within all nine activity areas in WHO’s classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF). Family care givers expressed a need for products/technology to a larger or to the same extent as occupational therapists. Exceptions were mobility and personal care, where occupational therapists perceived the need for products/technology as greater than the family care givers. When it comes to web-based services, data was not sufficient to enable a comparison between family care givers’ and occupational therapists’ perceptions. The results from the interview studies conducted in two counties indicated that information on what could be offered needs to be improved and that family care givers expressed a desire for improved follow-up of the prescriptions given. Their knowledge of web-based services was limited, but they considered them to be good, especially for others than themselves. Additionally, the family care givers thought that the products and technology they had become aware of needed to be developed to be more user-friendly, but felt that those they had received brought them security, safety and independence. In conclusion, it is important to consider the point of view of the family care giver and their perception of activity limitations with the person they take care of in order to provide relevant information and appropriate support in form of products, technology and web-based services for the person they are caring for.

  • 135.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att ta reda på om erhållet stöd i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster motsvarar de behov som anhörigvårdare har när de vårdar en person över 65 år i hemmet. Enkäter med nationell spridning angående aktivitetsbegränsningar, behov av stöd och erhållet stöd besvarades av 368 anhörigvårdare och 332 arbetsterapeuter, som mött anhörigvårdare inom tjänsten. Dessutom intervjuades 58 anhörigvårdare från två län individuellt. Resultatet av enkätstudierna visar att anhörigvårdare uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den person de vårdar i högre grad än vad de ansåg sig ha behov av stöd i form av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster. De angav dock behov av stöd i större omfattning än vad de uppgav att de erhållit. Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar i högre grad än arbetsterapeuterna inom samtliga nio aktivitetsområden i WHO:s klassifikation över funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF). Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade behov av produkter/teknologi i något större utsträckning eller i lika stor utsträckning som arbetsterapeuterna. Undantagen var förflyttning och personlig vård, där arbetsterapeuterna uppfattade behoven av produkter/teknologi som större än anhörigvårdarna. När det gäller webbaserade tjänster var underlaget alltför bristfälligt för att möjliggöra jämförelse mellan anhörigvårdarnas och arbetsterapeuternas uppfattningar. Resultatet av intervjustudierna visar att informationen om utbudet behöver förbättras och att man efterfrågade bättre uppföljning av de förskrivningar som skett. Kunskapen om webbaserade tjänster var begränsad men man tyckte att de verkade bra, framförallt för andra än sig själv. Man ansåg vidare att de produkter och den teknologi som man fått ta del av behöver utvecklas så att de blir mer användarvänliga, men att det man erhållit gav säkerhet, trygghet och självständighet. Sammanfattningsvis kan inte nog betonas vikten av att utgå från anhörigvårdarnas egna uppfattningar om aktuella aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar för att kunna ge relevant information och rätt stöd för vårdandet i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster.

  • 136.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare2009Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att ta reda på om erhållet stöd i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster motsvarar de behov som anhörigvårdare har när de vårdar en person över 65 år i hemmet. Enkäter med nationell spridning angående aktivitetsbegränsningar, behov av stöd och erhållet stöd besvarades av 368 anhörigvårdare och 332 arbetsterapeuter, som mött anhörigvårdare inom tjänsten. Dessutom intervjuades 58 anhörigvårdare från två län individuellt. Resultatet av enkätstudierna visar att anhörigvårdare uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den person de vårdar i högre grad än vad de ansåg sig ha behov av stöd i form av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster. De angav dock behov av stöd i större omfattning än vad de uppgav att de erhållit. Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar i högre grad än arbetsterapeuterna inom samtliga nio aktivitetsområden i WHO:s klassifikation över funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF). Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade behov av produkter/teknologi i något större utsträckning eller i lika stor utsträckning som arbetsterapeuterna. Undantagen var förflyttning och personlig vård, där arbetsterapeuterna uppfattade behoven av produkter/teknologi som större än anhörigvårdarna. När det gäller webbaserade tjänster var underlaget alltför bristfälligt för att möjliggöra jämförelse mellan anhörigvårdarnas och arbetsterapeuternas uppfattningar. Resultatet av intervjustudierna visar att informationen om utbudet behöver förbättras och att man efterfrågade bättre uppföljning av de förskrivningar som skett. Kunskapen om webbaserade tjänster var begränsad men man tyckte att de verkade bra, framförallt för andra än sig själv. Man ansåg vidare att de produkter och den teknologi som man fått ta del av behöver utvecklas så att de blir mer användarvänliga, men att det man erhållit gav säkerhet, trygghet och självständighet. Sammanfattningsvis kan inte nog betonas vikten av att utgå från anhörigvårdarnas egna uppfattningar om aktuella aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar för att kunna ge relevant information och rätt stöd för vårdandet i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster.

  • 137.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Inom ramen för regeringens utvecklingsprogram "Teknik för äldre" har Hjälpmedelsinstitutet (HI) tilldelats 6 miljoner kronor/år under en treårsperiod, med början 2007, för uppdraget att utveckla kunskap inom området "Teknik för anhöriga som hjälper och vårdar närstående". I uppdraget ingår att genomföra en behovsstudie via enkäter och intervjuer med anhöriga för att få bättre kunskap om anhörigas situation i fråga om hjälpmedel och annat teknikstöd. HI beviljade i november 2007 medarbetare vid Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, avdelningen för rehabilitering, utvecklingsstöd under en tvåårsperiod för att utföra denna behovsinventering. Syfte: Syftet med projektet är att kartlägga och beskriva de behov av stöd som anhörig-närståendevårdarna har av produkter och/eller teknologi samt webbaserade tjänster, när de vårdare en äldre person över 65 år i hemmet samt att kartlägga i vilken utsträckning erhållet stöd motsvarar behoven. Metod: Datainsamling sker genom ett frågeformulär som har skickas ut till ca 1000 anhörigvårdare/närståendevårdare och 1000 arbetsterapeuter runt om i Sverige. Intervjuer med ett mindre antal anhörigvårdare/närståendevårdare (ca 60) i Jönköpings län kommer också att genomföras. Förväntat resultat: Tydliggörande av behov och erfarenheter av produkter och/eller teknologi samt webbaserade tjänster i hemmet hos olika grupper av anhörig-/närståendevårdare till personer över 65 år. Dessutom avser projektet att belysa i vilken utsträckning de hjälpmedel som förskrivs motsvarar de behov som finns. I sin förlängning kan projektet leda till utveckling av nya produkter och ny teknologi. Konklusion: Projektet är pågående.

  • 138.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare2009Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att ta reda på om erhållet stöd i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster motsvarar de behov som anhörigvårdare har när de vårdar en person över 65 år i hemmet. Enkäter med nationell spridning angående aktivitetsbegränsningar, behov av stöd och erhållet stöd besvarades av 368 anhörigvårdare och 332 arbetsterapeuter, som mött anhörigvårdare inom tjänsten. Dessutom intervjuades 58 anhörigvårdare från två län individuellt. Resultatet av enkätstudierna visar att anhörigvårdare uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den person de vårdar i högre grad än vad de ansåg sig ha behov av stöd i form av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster. De angav dock behov av stöd i större omfattning än vad de uppgav att de erhållit. Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar i högre grad än arbetsterapeuterna inom samtliga nio aktivitetsområden i WHO:s klassifikation över funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF). Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade behov av produkter/teknologi i något större utsträckning eller i lika stor utsträckning som arbetsterapeuterna. Undantagen var förflyttning och personlig vård, där arbetsterapeuterna uppfattade behoven av produkter/teknologi som större än anhörigvårdarna. När det gäller webbaserade tjänster var underlaget alltför bristfälligt för att möjliggöra jämförelse mellan anhörigvårdarnas och arbetsterapeuternas uppfattningar. Resultatet av intervjustudierna visar att informationen om utbudet behöver förbättras och att man efterfrågade bättre uppföljning av de förskrivningar som skett. Kunskapen om webbaserade tjänster var begränsad men man tyckte att de verkade bra, framförallt för andra än sig själv. Man ansåg vidare att de produkter och den teknologi som man fått ta del av behöver utvecklas så att de blir mer användarvänliga, men att det man erhållit gav säkerhet, trygghet och självständighet. Sammanfattningsvis kan inte nog betonas vikten av att utgå från anhörigvårdarnas egna uppfattningar om aktuella aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar för att kunna ge relevant information och rätt stöd för vårdandet i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster.

  • 139.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare: Problem, behov och försörjning av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att ta reda på om erhållet stöd i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster motsvarar de behov som anhörigvårdare har när de vårdar en person över 65 år i hemmet. Enkäter med nationell spridning angående aktivitetsbegränsningar, behov av stöd och erhållet stöd besvarades av 368 anhörigvårdare och 332 arbetsterapeuter, som mött anhörigvårdare inom tjänsten. Dessutom intervjuades 58 anhörigvårdare från två län individuellt. Resultatet av enkätstudierna visar att anhörigvårdare uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den person de vårdar i högre grad än vad de ansåg sig ha behov av stöd i form av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster. De angav dock behov av stöd i större omfattning än vad de uppgav att de erhållit. Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar i högre grad än arbetsterapeuterna inom samtliga nio aktivitetsområden i WHO:s klassifikation över funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF). Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade behov av produkter/teknologi i något större utsträckning eller i lika stor utsträckning som arbetsterapeuterna. Undantagen var förflyttning och personlig vård, där arbetsterapeuterna uppfattade behoven av produkter/teknologi som större än anhörigvårdarna. När det gäller webbaserade tjänster var underlaget alltför bristfälligt för att möjliggöra jämförelse mellan anhörigvårdarnas och arbetsterapeuternas uppfattningar. Resultatet av intervjustudierna visar att informationen om utbudet behöver förbättras och att man efterfrågade bättre uppföljning av de förskrivningar som skett. Kunskapen om webbaserade tjänster var begränsad men man tyckte att de verkade bra, framförallt för andra än sig själv. Man ansåg vidare att de produkter och den teknologi som man fått ta del av behöver utvecklas så att de blir mer användarvänliga, men att det man erhållit gav säkerhet, trygghet och självständighet. Sammanfattningsvis kan inte nog betonas vikten av att utgå från anhörigvårdarnas egna uppfattningar om aktuella aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar för att kunna ge relevant information och rätt stöd för vårdandet i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster.

  • 140.
    Blomdahl, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Gunnarsson, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Fou Växjö.
    Guregård, Suzanne
    Södra Älvsborgs sjukhus.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    A realist review of art therapy for clients with depression2013In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 322-330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is a serious disease affecting an individual's entire life-situation, which can lead to great suffering and a reduced level of activity in everyday life. The aim of this study is to explore and describe how art therapy works regarding therapeutic factors, application, and circumstances for clients with depression. A systematic literature search of relevant databases was carried out to find articles concerning art therapy for depression, meeting criteria for reproducibility. This yielded 16 articles published in seven journals. The art therapy methods employed in each selected study were then examined and compared in order to understand the healing mechanism or mechanisms. These healing mechanisms are here termed “therapeutic factors”. The analysis resulted in eight therapeutic factors; self-exploration, self-expression, communication, understanding and explanation, integration, symbolic thinking, creativity, and sensory stimulation. No general conclusions could be drawn regarding circumstances, but the results indicate that art therapy can be performed successfully in a wide variety of clinical situations. The results were discussed in relation to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core sets for depression.

  • 141.
    Bokenberger, Kathleen
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Pedersen, Nancy
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Gatz, Margaret
    University of Southern California.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    The Type A behavior pattern and cardiovascular disease as predictors of dementia2014In: Health Psychology, ISSN 0278-6133, E-ISSN 1930-7810, Vol. 33, no 12, p. 1593-1601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Research has suggested that greater psychophysiological reactivity to stress increases risk of dementia and that those with the Type A behavior pattern (TABP) are predisposed to elevated stress reactivity and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but no study has evaluated the associations among TABP, CVD, and dementia, prospectively. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate dementia risk in relation to TABP and CVD.

    Methods: A population-based cohort of 1,069 persons with a baseline mean age of 64.81 years from the Swedish Twin Registry was followed consecutively for up to 23 years. Based on self-reported items, TABP was measured using 6 scales: Ambition, Stress, Hard-driving, Neuroticism, Cynicism, and Paranoia. CVD was self-reported and dementia was diagnosed adhering to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, third edition, revised (DSM-III-R) or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) criteria.

    Results: TABP was generally not associated with dementia risk. However, significant interaction effects of stress, paranoia, and cynicism with CVD on dementia risk were observed. That is, for those with CVD, high scores on stress, paranoia, and cynicism were associated with increased risk of dementia (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.95-2.15; HR = 1.39, 95% CI = 0.83-2.33; HR = 1.25, 95% CI = 0.76-2.06, respectively), whereas for those who did not have CVD, high scores on these measures appeared to be protective (HR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.50-1.14; HR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.34-0.89; HR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.29-0.84, respectively).

    Conclusion: Some features of TABP confer an increased risk for dementia in those with CVD, whereas those without CVD are protected. When evaluating the risk of dementia, CVD and personality traits should be taken into consideration.

  • 142.
    Boström, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Lundgren, Dan
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Promoting sense of security in old-age care2013In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 5, no 6A2, p. 56-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The concept of security is related to the experience of health but has ever so often been argued from a risk perspective rather than from a promotional perspective. The experience of older persons’ sense of security in private homes and in nursing homes seems to be missing when it comes to promote aging well throughout the life span. This study aimed to describe and analyze factors related to the sense of security of older persons receiving care in nursing homes in Sweden. Design and Methods: The study was based on a questionnaire from a total of 495 persons aged ≥ 65 in private homes (n = 350) or nursing homes (n = 145) in Sweden. Results: Secure relationships, sense of control, and perceived health were significantly related to the subjects’ sense of security. No significant relationships were found between sense of security and having a personal emergency response alarm. Implications: Experience of sense of security from the older person perspective differs depending on the context. To promote the sense of security within the care of older persons, methods on how to establish secure relations as well as the sense of control and knowledge need to be further tested, developed and analyzed together with older persons.

  • 143.
    Boström, Martina
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Teknik och åldrande.2011In: Äldre och åldrande.: Grundbok i gerontologi. / [ed] Marie Ernsth Bravell, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB , 2011, p. 330-347Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 144.
    Boström, Martina
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Trygghet - på vems villkor? Uppfattningar om och erfarenheter av trygghet hos äldre personer med behov av omsorg2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to increase the knowledge and understanding of how older people with varying needs of care perceive and experience sense of security in ordinary homes and in nursing homes.

    This thesis comprised four studies, which are to be found at the end of this manuscript. The first two studies were based on the same data material, collected using focus group interviews with 45 elderly individuals living in senior housing with minimal care needs. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis (I, II). The third study was based on secondary analysis of a user survey of 350 older individuals in ordinary housing with some kind of elder care/service and 145 older individuals with around-the-clock care needs living in nursing homes. The material was processed using descriptive and analytical statistics (III). The fourth study followed three older individuals for 12-16 weeks, using four in-depth interviews and observations to examine the move from ordinary into nursing homes. This material was also analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The use of a personal emergency response system (PERS) was perceived as limiting the lives of elderly people, because the alarm only functions within a person’s apartment. The limited range of the PERS was perceived as reducing elders’ freedom and increasing insecurity, anxiety, and fear (I). Increased reliance on care interventions using monitoring technology, with which the individual and their position is monitored on a larger scale, was not considered a problem, as long as it led to increased security and allowed older individuals to maintain control and a sense of self (II). Perceived health, secure relationships, knowledge, and control were factors that were related to perceived sense of security in the daily lives of older individuals with care, both in ordinary homes and in nursing homes (III).

    Moving to a nursing home and gradually transferring the control of one’s belongings and daily routines to care staff led to a feeling of greater safety for the older person, but not necessarily a sense of security (IV). In summary, older individuals value, prioritize, and perceive sense of security as very important in their life, but do not always experience a sense of security in ordinary housing and nursing homes. Security is perceived as something so important in life that older people will consider sacrificing their privacy and integrity in lieu of security. Because the sense of security is not always perceived and experienced as good, older individuals search for strategies that contribute to their sense of security through material objects and through relationships with other people. These results indicate that it is essential to support older individuals’ everyday life, regardless of care type, to promote a sense of security on their terms.

  • 145.
    Boström, Martina
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Vad finns det för aktörer och vad gör de för äldre i Jönköpings län?: En kartläggning på uppdrag av Regionförbundet Jönköpings län med fokus på kommersiella företag, offentliga resurser, allmännyttiga, ideella och trossamfund samt utbildning i länet.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 146.
    Boström, Martina
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    What do old persons think about the first generation of security systems?2010In: Gerontechnology / [ed] Sixsmith, A & Gutman, G, 2010, p. 266-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Older people don’t always know what new technology can do, so it may be difficult to outline needs, constraints and specifications. The marketing functions, the demand for technology and the supply of technology therefore needs to be strengthened. Though many older persons rely on various assistive technologies in their daily life and therefore represent a large group of consumers with the experience of existing technology, their influence over the technology they have access to as well as their involvement in design processes and product development is also very small.

    Aim: This study has two objectives; the first is to describe older people's experiences about using their existing security systems. The second is to highlight and make the older peoples thoughts and wishes available in further development and innovations of the second generation of context-aware distributed assistive systems, like wireless sensor network (WSN).

    Method: Five focus group interviews including 7-10 persons were conducted. Totally, 45 community living men and females (75-85 years of age) without home help and who had not been diagnosed with dementia participated. Data were analyzed by content analysis and selected into six themes.

    Result: The preliminary results show that the old persons feel dissatisfied as well as unsafe with their present security alarms. They feel limited when security alarms are only fit in their own apartment, and therefore they feel insecure and restricted in their freedom. They are experiencing a need to compensate the lack of safety with other products or persons. They also report that they have received poor information, which affect their sense of security. The elderly seem to have specific needs with their alarm systems that might be useful in further development of context-aware distributed assistive systems as well as ethical issues also has arisen in the discussion about enlarged alarm systems.

  • 147.
    Boström, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ernsth Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Sexualitet och åldrande.2011In: Äldre och åldrande.: Grundbok i gerontologi. / [ed] Marie Ernsth Bravell, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB , 2011, p. 221-240Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 148.
    Boström, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Kjellström, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Older persons have ambivalent feelings about the use of monitoring technologies2013In: Information Technology and Disabilities, ISSN 1073-5127, E-ISSN 1073-5127, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 117-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: As they age, older persons prefer to continue to live in their own homes. Sensors in the environment and/or bodily worn systems that monitor people might contribute to an increased sense of safety and security at home, but also raise concerns about the loss of privacy by surveillance. Little is known about how older persons, living at home independently and stating good health, perceive monitoring technology in terms of personal privacy.

    OBJECTIVE: to identify and describe how older persons, perceive monitoring technology in terms of personal privacy.

    METHOD: A qualitative study based on five focus group interviews was used. Concepts of "freedom" and "surveillance" were used as content areas in the data analysis.

    RESULTS: The results comprised three categories of ambivalence; "independence vs. security", "privacy vs. intrusion", and "in the best interest of me vs. in the best interest of others". These three categories merged into the overarching theme "maintaining a sense of self" which illustrates a desire to maintain control of one's life as long as possible.

    CONCLUSIONS: Older persons generally have positive feelings and attitudes toward technology and strive to maintaining a sense of self as long as possible, by having control. They stated high value to privacy, but valued being watched over if it ensured security. To feel good and bad about monitoring technologies, rather than good or does not necessarily lead to feelings of conflict.

  • 149.
    Bouillon, Kim
    et al.
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.
    Kivimäki, Mika
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.
    Hamer, Mark
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.
    Sabia, Severine
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.
    Fransson, Eleonor
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Singh-Manoux, Archana
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.
    Gale, Catharine R.
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
    Batty, G. David
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.
    Measures of frailty in population-based studies: An overview2013In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 13, no 64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although research productivity in the field of frailty has risen exponentially in recent years, there remains a lack of consensus regarding the measurement of this syndrome. This overview offers three services: first, we provide a comprehensive catalogue of current frailty measures; second, we evaluate their reliability and validity; third, we report on their popularity of use.

    Methods: In order to identify relevant publications, we searched MEDLINE (from its inception in 1948 to May 2011); scrutinized the reference sections of the retrieved articles; and consulted our own files. An indicator of the frequency of use of each frailty instrument was based on the number of times it had been utilized by investigators other than the originators.

    Results: Of the initially retrieved 2,166 papers, 27 original articles described separate frailty scales. The number (range: 1 to 38) and type of items (range of domains: physical functioning, disability, disease, sensory impairment, cognition, nutrition, mood, and social support) included in the frailty instruments varied widely. Reliability and validity had been examined in only 26% (7/27) of the instruments. The predictive validity of these scales for mortality varied: for instance, hazard ratios/odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for mortality risk for frail relative to non-frail people ranged from 1.21 (0.78; 1.87) to 6.03 (3.00; 12.08) for the Phenotype of Frailty and 1.57 (1.41; 1.74) to 10.53 (7.06; 15.70) for the Frailty Index. Among the 150 papers which we found to have used at least one of the 27 frailty instruments, 69% (n = 104) reported on the Phenotype of Frailty, 12% (n = 18) on the Frailty Index, and 19% (n = 28) on one of the remaining 25 instruments.

    Conclusions: Although there are numerous frailty scales currently in use, reliability and validity have rarely been examined. The most evaluated and frequently used measure is the Phenotype of Frailty.

  • 150. Braungart Fauth, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Zarit, Steven H
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Mediating relationships within the Disablement Process model: a cross-sectional study of the oldest-old2008In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 161-179Article in journal (Refereed)
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