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  • 101.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Not All About the Money: Children, Work, and Consumption2012In: Situating Child Consumption: Rethinking values and notions of children / [ed] Anna Sparrman, Bengt Sandin och Johanna Sjöberg, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2012, p. 81-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Out of place? Children's ideas on work2007In: Children's Work in Everyday life / [ed] Kristina Engwall and Ingrid Söderlind, Stockholm: Institutet för framtidsstudier , 2007, p. 49-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Barns arbete har under hela 1900-talet varit en viktig politisk fråga. Men när den diskuteras idag handlar det framför allt om barns arbete i tredje världen. Med utökad skolgång tycks frågor om barn och arbete tappat sin politiska betydelse i västvärlden.

    Men vad som uppfattas som arbete hör samman med hur arbete definieras. Med en bred definition framträder en bild som visar att barns arbete har betydelse både på individnivå, för familjer och i samhällsekonomin. Arbete är också idag en viktig del av barns liv och många barn vill arbeta.

    Boken handlar om barns arbete i Sverige, England och Nordirland med fokus på vår egen tid.Boken är skriven på engelska.

  • 103.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Out of Place? Swedish Children's Perspectives on their Participation on the Labour Market2006In: Childhood and Youth: Participation and Choice, 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Law in great parts of the world ban child labour. In Sweden of today, a general idea of childhood seems to be that childhood is and should be a phase of life free from work. Labour laws regulate children-s access to the labour market and compulsory school attendance places children in demarcated school areas. From a societal point of view, children are -out of place- when it comes to work. However, investigations and research show that children often work in their spare time outside of school. Children deliver papers, hand out advertisement leaflets, and go around from door to door selling various things etc. It has been shown that children-s work in Sweden creates considerable profit to the companies that employ children. Despite this, children are seldom categorised as workers and their activities seldom as work. This paper is based on an ongoing ethnographic study of children and work in two Swedish communities and provides an analysis of children-s experiences of work. In this paper, I use the children-s perspectives and argue that working children are not out of place. Rather participation in work is a common and natural part of childhood.   

  • 104.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Perspectives on Children's Everyday Life and the Paradox of "Working" Children and Children's "Work" in Sweden2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden of today a general idea of childhood seem to be that childhood is and should be a phase of life free from work. Labour laws regulate children-s access to the labour market and compulsory school attendance places children in demarcated school areas. However, investigations and research from different parts of the world show that children often work in their spare time outside school. Given this, it is not presumptuous to assume that children do participate in work life and on the labour market. But what is the nature and extent of the work the children take part in and how can it be studied? In my ethnographic research I have found that children-s work in Sweden of today often takes place at home, a few short moments every day or during short periods every week at different locations in the communities where the children live, and not in one particular relatively demarcated workplace. This seems to have created a paradoxical situation in which children-s work has been hidden and in which children-s activities seldom are noticed, registered or considered and defined as actual forms of work.   

  • 105.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Välkommen till förorten2008In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, Vol. 20, no 3-4, p. 100-106Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det ”mångkulturella” Sverige ses förorten som intergrationspolitikens misslyckande. I Förorten i huvudet visar Nils Hammarén hur förtortskillar använder sig av stereotypa föreställningar om dem själva för att utmana stereotypen. Boken är en kritik mot förenklade världsbilder, enligt recensenten

  • 106.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Välkommen till Phobocity2007In: Stockholms Fria tidning, ISSN 1650-4674, Vol. 2007-05-19, p. 18-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 107.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Välkommen till rädslans stad2007In: Sesam : nyhetstidningen på lätt svenska, Vol. 2007-05-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 108.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Berner, Boel
    Linköpings universitet.
    Effektivare vård på distans med multidisciplinära medicinska videokonferenser?2014In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 23-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Berner, Boel
    Tema Teknik och social förändring, Linköpings universitet.
    Swift transport versus information gathering: telemedicine and new tensions in the ambulance service2013In: Journal of contemporary ethnography, ISSN 0891-2416, E-ISSN 1552-5414, Vol. 42, no 6, p. 722-744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swift transport used to be the predominant way ambulance services provided care. During the past few decades, advanced information and communication technologies have increased the amount of patient information that ambulance crews can transmit to hospitals. The ambulance service has thus, in principle, been transformed from a swift transport unit into a complex information-gathering unit. The new telemedicine technologies available to crews are linked to demands concerning organizational changes and alterations in work procedures that challenge traditional ways of providing “good” ambulance care. In this article, we draw on both ethnographic observations and concepts from the field of science and technology studies to demonstrate how established work practices and complex local situations format the ambulance crews’ use of information-gathering technologies. We highlight how ambulance crews employ strategies of localization, including taming and deliberate nonuse of telemedicine technologies, to align these technologies with their established stance about how everyday ambulance care is best implemented.

  • 110.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Engwall, Kristina
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    How to Grasp a Child Perspective Concerning Children's Work2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 111.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Engwall, Kristina
    Institutet för Framtidsstudier.
    Vad är arbete? Barns perspektiv på arbete2008In: Barndom och arbete / [ed] Ingrid Söderlind, Kristina Engwal, Umeå: Boréa bokförlag , 2008, p. 177-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Barns arbete beskrivs ofta som att de ”hjälper till”. Många föreställer sig att barn i Sverige inte längre arbetar och att skolan ersatt arbete. Men arbete har fortfarande en plats i barns vardag och det vi betraktar som arbete beror i hög grad på hur arbete definieras. Arbete kan vara både informellt och formellt, oavlönat och avlönat, utföras i och utanför hemmet. Vilken syn har barnen själva på arbete? Hur kontrollerar och definierar myndigheter barns arbete?

    Boken handlar om barns och ungas arbete under tiden 1950-2000. Författarna är knutna till Institutet för Framtidsstudier och Tema Barn, Linköpings universitet.

  • 112.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    Institutionen för beteendeskap och lärande, Linköpings universitet.
    Av stor betydelse för ett framtida liv: Föräldrars uppfattningar om varför deras barn ska åka till kollo2015In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 27-40Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 113.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    En koloniverksamhets gränsarbete2007In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 4, p. 34-42Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 114.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Barn.
    Cardell, David
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Barn.
    Lindgren, Anne-Li
    Stockholms universitet, Barn- och Ungdomsvetenskap.
    The Active, Competent Child, Capable of Autonomous Action: An inherent quality or the outcome of a research process?2015In: AnthropoChildren, ISSN 2034-8517, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article explores how “the active, competent child capable of autonomous action” is enacted through the methodological consequences of participant observations. The underlying idea is to investigate what ethnographic participant observations can tell us about child culture. Methodological choices and the ways in which researchers approach a field are not neutral processes. Moreover, the methodological choices made produce the ‘realities’ of the topic under study. The article highlights how a research project’s methodological outline, the way the field was approached, and the way the researcher and research participant interacted during the study enacted notions of the active, competent child capable of autonomous action in child culture. This is done by exploring – using detailed analyses of a single example – how research methodologies, in general, and participant observation, in particular, can tell us something about a research topic.

  • 115.
    Sandberg, Mikael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Hur skapas demokratier?: Förklaring av demokratispridning genom systemdynamisk simulering2008In: Tvärsnitt, no 4, p. 36-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Demokratistudier har länge tillhört statsvetenskapens kärnområden. Ändå har man inte inom ämnet kunnat enas om en entydig förklaring till den moderna demokratins framväxt. En svaghet i många analyser är att man söker förklaringar till demokratin genom statistiska sambandsanalyser med samtida faktorer och förbiser de förändringar som sker globalt snarare än nationellt, menar statsvetaren Mikael Sandberg. I ett försök att komma till rätta med detta använder han sig av en Bass-grundad diffusionsmodell för att få fram en dynamisk förklaring till demokratins spridning 1800—2000.

  • 116.
    Sandberg, Mikael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Soft Power, World System Dynamics, and Democratization: A Bass Model of Democracy Diffusion 1800–20002011In: JASSS: Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, ISSN 1460-7425, E-ISSN 1460-7425, Vol. 14, no (1) 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Political scientists seldom translate system terminology into systems analysis. This article uses Polity IV data to probe system dynamics for studies of the global diffusion of democracy from 1800 to 2000. By analogy with the Bass model of diffusion of innovations (1969), as translated into system dynamics by Sterman (2000), the dynamic explanation proposed focuses on transitions to democracy, soft power, and communication rates on a global level. The analysis suggests that the transition from democratic experiences (“the soft power of democracy”) can be estimated from the systems dynamics simulation of an extended Bass model. Soft power, fueled by the growth in communications worldwide, is today the major force behind the diffusion of democracy. Our findings indicate the applicability of system dynamics simulation tools for the analysis of political change over time in the world system of polities.

  • 117.
    Sandstedt, Annica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Eidering, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Därför säger vi NEJ till barnhem!: En kvalitativ studie om tre svenska organisationers avståndstagande samt agerande relaterat till barnhemsproblematiken.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 118.
    Sellert, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Chyssler, Linnéa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    ”Man av den rätta kalibern”: En kvalitativ studie om sociala konstruktioner av maskulinitet i relation till psykisk ohälsa hos unga män2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental ill-health has increased among the Swedish population over the past decade, especially among young adults and is expected to become the leading public health challenge both nationally and globally in 2030 (Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting, 2018). Previous research indicates that men, young and old, tend to not seek help or not until it might be too late (SOU 2014: 6). Research also shows that norms in the society create ideas that men should be able to control their emotions, be tough and not cry, which has created a society that is limiting for young men (Pattyn et al., 2015).

     

    The study examines how social constructions of masculinity contribute to mental ill health among young men with an equality and sustainability perspective. The method used is semi-structured interviews with informants in terms of staff from Swedish youth guidance centres and guidance centre for young men. Social constructivism has been used as a theory to explain phenomenon in our society that are considered natural and what impact different socialization processes have for the creation of masculinity norms (Wenneberg, 2001).

     

    The result showed that the social constructions of masculinity create unreachable ideals that can contribute to mental ill health among young men. Men tend to not seek and consume healthcare since seeking help is considered a feminine rather than a masculine behaviour, which results in consequences both for men themselves and their surroundings. The results also showed that the centres are designed to be equal, but that the social constructions of masculinity are the reason why many young men not seek for help. The study findings draw attention to the complex problem of mental ill-health among young men, its consequences and which gaps of knowledge that needs to be filled.

  • 119.
    Sigurðardóttir, Sigurveig H.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ernsth Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Older caregivers in Iceland: Providing and receiving care2013In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 4-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have looked at care provided by older caregivers. This study analysed the characteristics of older informal caregivers and investigated how those caregivers interacted with other informal caregivers and the formal care system. The ‘Icelandic Older People’ (ICEOLD) survey provided data for 782 participants, of whom 157 were caregivers aged 65 years and older. The analysis demonstrated that older people who live with someone are more often informal caregivers than those who live alone. Emotional support was the most frequent help provided. The older caregiver was often alone in his/her role as a caregiver, but when the care was extensive, the formal care system provided support in addition to the care provided by the older caregiver. Almost half of the older caregivers needed help themselves, mostly with ‘Instrumental Activities of Daily Living’ (IADL). This study provides information about older caregivers and how their care interacts with the formal care system. This group is likely to grow as more people live longer. Thus, the number of older caregivers and the care they provide must be taken into account when making plans to care for older people in the coming years.

  • 120.
    Sparrman, Anna
    et al.
    Tema Barn, Linköpings universitet.
    Cardell, David
    Sociologiska institutionen, Örebro universitet.
    Lindgren, Anne-Li
    Barn och ungdomsvetenskap, Stockholms universitet.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    The Ontological Choreography of (Good) Parenthood2017In: Doing Good Parenthood: Ideals and Practices of Parental Involvement / [ed] Anna Sparrman, Allan Westerling, Judith Lind, Karen Ida Dannesboe, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Sparrman, Anna
    et al.
    Tema barn, Linköpings universitet.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Lindgren, Anne-Li
    BUV, Stockholms universitet.
    Cardell, David
    Tema Barn, Linköpings universitet.
    The ontological practices of child culture2016In: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 255-271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article asks questions about the ontology of child culture. It aims to position the concept of child culture at the forefront of theoretical research without creating a ‘true’ or singular definition of the concept. It is rather a conceptual exploration of partial consistencies of child culture in and through practices. The focus of the analyses is on five institutional cultural practices created for children: two children’s museums, a science centre, a theme park and an amusement park. A cross-analysis of these practices provides the empirical material for proposing the notion of ‘child culture multiple’.

  • 122.
    Ström, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Lund, Josefine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Att flyga eller inte flyga: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om klimatengagerade personers syn på flyget2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Antalet flygresor har ökat markant i världen de senaste decennierna. Detta har medfört en ökning av flygets koldioxidutsläpp som därmed har gett en ökad påverkan på klimatet. Forskning angående människors syn på och uppfattning om flyget är relativt ny och forskning rörande ämnet är mer förekommande idag än för ett decennium sedan. Tidigare undersökningar är dock i stort sett eniga om att människor, både miljömedvetna och icke-miljömedvetna personer, inte tänker ändra på sina flygvanor och flyga mindre på grund av flygets klimatpåverkan. Denna studie undersöker klimatengagerade personers flygvanor och vad de har för syn på flyget och flygets påverkan på klimatet. Resultatet i studien skiljer sig från tidigare forskning genom att de klimatengagerade personerna i undersökningen antingen försöker begränsa sina flygresor eller inte längre flyger alls på grund av den klimatpåverkan en flygresa innebär. The low-cost hypothesis har använts som ett teoretiskt ramverk för att undersöka om det finns ett attitude-behavior gap. Det framkom att the low-cost hypothesis endast delvis kan appliceras och att det finns ett litet attitude-behavior gap hos de respondenter som flyger. Det finns inget attitude-behavior gap hos respondenterna som inte flyger. Det framkom även att sociala normer till viss del påverkar valet att flyga eller inte flyga. 

  • 123.
    Svensson, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    ”Dra på dig bootsen, sadla hästen och ladda knallpulverpistolen, för nu är du i Vilda Västern!”: High Chaparral, historiekommunikation och formell/informell utbildning2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Svensson, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    High Chaparral, historiekommunikation och formell/informell utbildning2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 125.
    Svensson, Åsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The multiple faces of insecurity: An analysis of security from the Chocoano women's perspective2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the complexity of the concept “security” in theory and practice. The traditional security concept is replaced by a human-centred security approach in order to analyse women's security,. The stories of Afro-Colombian and indigenous women from the poor and war-torn region Chocó in Colombia demonstrate that the insecurity of the Chocoano women is not only created by the armed conflict in Colombia, but that insecurity fundamentally has its roots in societal structures and systems as well. This thesis argues that the category “woman” is insufficient and that an intersectional approach is the only way to fully understand the Chocoano women’s security and insecurity. In the case of Chocó, the population's ways of relating to the ancestral territories is one example of how ethnicity and culture play a mayor role for their security. The concept human security will be embraced for its recognition of the intimate relation between human rights, development and individual security. Galtung's theory on violence will also be used in order to complete the picture of how the direct and indirect violence that Chocoano women suffer from is reinforced by unequal power relations.

     

    Furthermore, women’s possibilities to act for security, mainly through nongovernmental organizations and the Church, are investigated. The peripheral positions of the Chocoano women in Colombia as well as within their own cultures are found to be barriers to women’s effective participation in security policy. It is also concluded that the relation between security and activism for human rights is rather complex and contradictory in Chocó. Finally, it is argued that there exist several parallel and competing discourses of security. The predominant discourse of security in Colombia ignores many of the dangers that women in Chocó are exposed to. The concept of security must be seriously challenged both in theory and in practice if women’s security is to be guaranteed in Colombia.

     

  • 126.
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Linköpings universitet, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    Ageing and Care Among Disabled Couples2013In: Ageing with disability: a lifecourse perspective / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman and Anna Whitaker, Bristol: Policy Press , 2013, p. 109-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "This is the first book to address the issue of ageing after a long life with disability. It breaks new ground through its particular life course perspective, examining what it means to age with a physical or mental disability and what the implications are of 'becoming old' for people who have had extensive disabilities for many years. These people may have had to leave the labour market early, and the book looks at available care resources, both formal and informal. Ageing with disability challenges set ideas about successful ageing, as well as some of those about disabilities. The life course approach that is used unfolds important insights about the impact of multiple disabilities over time and on the phases of life. The book highlights the meaning of care in unexplored contexts, such as where ageing parents are caregivers or regarding mutual care in disabled couples. These are areas of knowledge which have, to date, been totally neglected."--Publisher's website.

  • 127.
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Ageism, disablism and growing old with disabilities2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Linköpings universitet, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    Caringscapes, caring routes and the care context of couples growing old together with disabilitites2011In: The Gerontologist, vol 51, p.621, Boston, MA: Gerontological Society of America , 2011, p. 621-621Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 129.
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Linköpings universitet, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    Grounding care in social relationships2013In: NNDR 2013, Åbo, 2013, p. 205-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Within disability studies and feminist care research as fields, problems regarding "caring" have been framed in different ways that set the care giver and care receiver as opposing stakeholders. Both views have however tended to limit the discussions on care to certain issues. Consequently, other meanings and actors of care had become invisible. What this paper shows is that studying care as enacted in relationships not only provides an alternative way to discuss care outside the traditional disciplinary frames but also can contribute to a broadened understanding of what actions to define as "caring". Studies that ground their discussion of care in relationships already question the definition of "carers" as mostly able-bodied women and "care" mostly as instrumental tasks. What these studies also do is to broaden understanding of care through raising it as something ongoing and temporal. Both carer / care receiver roles and the nature of what one defines as caring can thus change over time. This can lead to interesting and broadened discussions in disability studies, where the word "care" has long been linked to dependence and "help" often limited to discourse on assistance. For example, disabled people as both carers and receivers of help can be a possibility for study

  • 130.
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Linköpings universitet, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    Older couples with long-term disabilities: Multiple jeopardy or successful ageing?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 131.
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Linköpings universitet, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    On couples ageing together with disabilities2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Government decentralization and disaster impact, an exploratory study2013In: Building Resilience 2013: Individual, institutional and societal coping strategies to address the challenges associated with disaster risk : book of abstracts / [ed] Martin Hall, Salford: University of Salford , 2013, no 1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the link between decentralization and the impact of natural disasters through empirical analysis. It addresses the issue of the importance of the role of local government in disaster response through different means of decentralization. By studying data available for 50 countries, it allows to develop the knowledge on the role of national government in setting policy that allows flexibility and decision making at a local level and how this devolution of power influences the outcome of disasters. The study uses Aaron Schneider’s definition and rankings of decentralization, the EM-DAT database to identify the amount of people affected by disasters on average per year as well as World Bank Indicators and the Human Development Index (HDI) to model the role of local decentralization in mitigating disasters. With a multivariate regression it looks at the amount of affected people as explained by fiscal, administrative and political decentralization, government expenses, percentage of urbanization, total population, population density, the HDI and the overall Logistics Performance Indicator (LPI). The main results are that total population, the overall LPI and fiscal decentralization are all significant in relation to the amount of people affected by disasters for the countries and period studied. These findings have implication for government’s policies by indicating that fiscal decentralization by allowing local governments to control a bigger proportion of the countries revenues and expenditures plays a role in reducing the amount of affected people in disasters. This can be explained by the fact that local government understand their own needs better in both disaster prevention and response which helps in taking the proper decisions to mitigate the amount of people affected in a disaster. The reduction in the implication of national government might also play a role in reducing the time of reaction to face a disaster. The main conclusion of this study is that fiscal control by local governments can help reduce the amount of people affected by disasters.

  • 133.
    Vestling, Veronika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Forsberg, Viktoria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    The livelihoods of female seaweed farmers: A study about women's experiences of old and new techniques of seaweed farming on Zanzibar, Tanzania.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seaweed has been hit hard by climate change around the world. The island of Zanzibar, which is the world’s third biggest exporter of seaweed, is one of the places where seaweed is affected. 80 percent of the seaweed farmers on Zanzibar are women who are directly affected by climate change since they are making a living from seaweed farming. New efforts to tackle the impact of climate change on seaweed has been made on Zanzibar through the SEA PoWer project which is a new technique of growing seaweed and enables twenty-four female seaweed farmers to grow in deep and cooler waters instead of the more traditional way which is in shallow waters. The aim of this study is to, from a livelihood perspective, examine women’s experiences and perceptions of the old versus the new techniques of farming seaweed on Zanzibar, Tanzania.  The research questions for this study focus on finding out the women’s experiences and perceptions of the changes in the techniques in relation to opportunities for livelihoods through seaweed farming. Furthermore, this study investigates if women experience conflicts of interest with men regarding the use of ocean space. Semi-structured interviews with eleven women who have used the new technique of growing seaweed were conducted and the results was analyzed in the light of previous research, through the definitions of livelihood and gender, and the theoretical concept of feminist political ecology. The result has shown that all women experienced improvements in their livelihoods through the new technique of seaweed farming. One clear improvement was that there were no negative health effects when using the new technique. The study also found that there are no conflicts of interest between men and women regarding the use of ocean space when using the new technique of seaweed farming. The women had a positive view on the future and had high expectations, they had already noticed positive effects on their livelihoods in form of social, human, physical capital and health.  

  • 134.
    Wilson, Isabel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication. Globala studier.
    Andersson, Clara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication. Globala studier.
    Arktiskt självstyre eller arktiskt självintresse?: Begränsad frigörelse för den arktiska ursprungsbefolkningen inom nationalstater2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This multiple case study has the purpose of examining how the Arctic indigenous population is given regional influence in issues that directly or indirectly are affecting their traditional livelihoods in the Arctic areas belonging to Russia, the United States, Canada, Denmark (Greenland) and Norway. The study applies the method of Ethnographic Content Analysis and uses the international relation theories of liberalism and realism to analyze the nations’ Arctic policies and institutional processes that affects their Arctic indigenous population. The matter of influence within the states institutional processes is of vital significance for the continued survival of the Arctic indigenous population, and since the Arctic is believed to become a new global area of development, it is important to identify the dangers that bad strategies, policies, legal framework and cooperation could create in relation to the well-being of the Arctic indigenous people. The result of the study show that the Arctic is important both as a geostrategic and an economic perspective for the countries, which limits or obstruct the influence given to the indigenous peoples in issues affecting both parties. The majority of the countries recognize the Arctic indigenous peoples’ human rights, but the countries differ in both how the rights are implemented and to what extent the indigenous population are part of the implementation. The difference lies especially in how power is distributed between the state and the indigenous people, where some countries showcase a strong centralized power within the government and other states devote a greater space for self-determination and autonomy. Generally, the states’ role for decision-making is therefore of great importance, influenced by both realistic and liberal values. When acting upon liberal values, the states actively work towards cooperation with the indigenous people and recognizing the indigenous people’s right to influence, to generate a representative depiction of the society. However, the nation state’s central role in decision-making display that realistic values still are paramount in the structure of society and in the formation of national interests and policies.

  • 135.
    Ågren, Axel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen Åldrande och social förändring.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen Åldrande och social förändring.
    Reducing loneliness among older people – who is responsible?2018In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish news-press, loneliness among older people is presented as a severe problem that needs to be solved. The issue of who is responsible for reducing loneliness and how this responsibility is designated is, however, rarely discussed. In this study, we have analysed how responsibility is designated and constructed in articles from the Swedish news-press. Focus has been on identifying responsibility in discourses proceeding from the concept of subject positions. This concept has enabled analysis on how responsibility is negotiated and who is positioned as a responsible actor with the ability to perform actions that reduce loneliness. Three dominating discourses were found. In the discourse of responsibility within politics and the welfare state, the responsibility is both self-taken and designated to other institutions held responsible for not initiating sufficient measures to reduce loneliness. In the discourse of responsibility within societal and evolutionary perspectives on loneliness, developments beyond the individual's control are considered to contribute to loneliness. At the same time ‘we’ in ‘society’ are considered capable of reducing loneliness, thereby constructing individuals as responsible actors. Within the discourses of responsibility within senior organisations, both senior organisations and people who participate in activities are constructed as responsible actors. In conclusion, the responsibility for reducing loneliness is, apart from the discourse on senior organisations, designated to those working with older people.

  • 136.
    Øvretveit, John
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Andreen-Sachs, Magna
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Carlsson, Jan
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Gustafsson, Helena
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Hansson, Johan I.
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Löfgren, Susanne
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Mazzocato, Pamela
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Tolf, Sara
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Brommels, Mats
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Implementing organization and management innovations in Swedish healthcare: Lessons from a comparison of 12 cases2012In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 237-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to compare the implementation of twelve different "organization and management innovations" (OMIs) in Swedish healthcare, to discover the generic and specific factors important for successful healthcare improvement change in a public health system.

    Design/methodology/approach: Longitudinal cross-case comparison of twelve case studies was employed, where each case study used a common framework for collecting data about the process of change, the content of change, the context and the intermediate and final outcomes.

    Findings: Clinical leaders played a more important part in the development of these successful service innovations than managers. Strategies for and patterns of change implementation were found to differ according to the type of innovation. Internal organisational context factors played a significant role in the development of nearly all, but external factors did not. "Developmental evolution" better described the change process than "implementation".

    Research limitations/implications: The 12 cases were all of relatively successful change processes: some unsuccessful examples would have provided additional testing of of the hypotheses about what would predict successful innovation which were used in the case comparison. The cross-case comparative hypothesis testing method allows systematic comparison if the case data are collected using similar frameworks, but this approach to management research requires considerable resources and coordination.

    Practical implications: Management innovations that improve patient care can be carried out successfully by senior clinicians, under certain circumstances. A systematic approach is important both for developing and adapting an innovation to a changing situation. A significant amount of time was required for all involved, which could be reduced by "fast-tracking" approval for some type of change.

    Originality/value: This is the first empirical report comparing longitudinal and contextualised findings from a number of case studies of different organisational and management healthcare innovations. The findings made possible explanations for success factors and useful practical recommendations for conditions needed to nurture such innovation in public healthcare.

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