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  • 101. Kullberg, Angelika
    et al.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Reis, Maria
    Learning to see numbers as parts and whole in preschool.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 102.
    Kullberg, Angelika
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Runesson, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.
    Marton, Ference
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    What is made possible to learn when using the variation theory of learning in teaching mathematics?2017In: ZDM - the International Journal on Mathematics Education, ISSN 1863-9690, E-ISSN 1863-9704, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 559-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The variation theory of learning emphasizes variation as a necessary condition for learners to be able to discern new aspects of an object of learning. In a substantial number of studies, the theory has been used to analyze teaching and students’ learning in classrooms. In mathematics education, variation theory has also been used to explore variation in sets of instructional examples. For example, it has been reported how teachers, by using variation and invariance within and between examples, can help learners to engage with mathematical structure. In this paper, we describe the variation theory of learning, its underlying principles, and how it might be appropriated by teachers. We illustrate this by an analysis of one teacher’s teaching before and after he participated in three lesson studies based on variation theory. Both the theory and the empirical illustration focus on ‘what is made possible to learn’ in different learning situations. We show that in the two analyzed lessons, different things were made possible to learn.

  • 103.
    Larsson, Carolina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Lindstam, Isabelle
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    “Jag sjunger hellre än bra...”: En kvalitativ studie om arbetet i förskolan med musik i åldrarna 1–3 år och hur förskollärare upplever ordet musikalisk2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att synliggöra på vilka sätt förskollärare arbetar med musik mot yngre barn i åldrarna 1–3 år samt hur förskollärarna ser på musikalitet i arbetet med barnen. De frågeställningarna som vi har besvarat för att uppnå syftet är: På vilka sätt arbetar förskollärarna mot de yngre åldrarna (1–3 år) med musik? Och hur beskriver förskollärarna betydelsen av att vara musikalisk i användandet av musik? Studien har genomförts med kvalitativa intervjuer. Förskollärarna valdes ur ett bekvämlighetsurval där någon av oss haft kontakt med deltagaren tidigare. Datainsamlingen är analyserad ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv med fokus på redskap och den proximala utvecklingszonen. Resultatet visar att förskollärarna använder musiken på många sätt i utbildningen, de använder den bland annat spontant men även i planerade situationer i undervisningen. I det sociokulturella perspektivet talas det om redskap, förskollärarna använder sig av instrument, sång och rörelse och de förklarar att dessa kan vara redskap för bland annat språkutveckling och utvecklingen av barnens motorik. Förskollärarnas syn på musikalitet i arbetet med barnen är att man inte behöver vara musikalisk, så länge glädje visas inför att utöva musik tillsammans med barnen.

  • 104.
    Larsson, Hans Albin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Historieundervisningens framtid: en oviss historia2017In: Framåt uppåt!: Samhällsdidaktiska utmaningar / [ed] Rebecka Florin Sädbom, Mikael Gustafsson & Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Jönköping University , 2017, p. 171-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Larsson, Hans Albin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Samhällsdidaktiska utmaningar!2017In: Framåt uppåt!: Samhällsdidaktiska utmaningar / [ed] Rebecka Florin Sädbom, Mikael Gustafsson & Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Jönköping University , 2017, p. 5-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Larsson Lindberg, Britta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Att lära elever med dyslexi att skriva ett meddelande på engelska2017In: Lärarnas forskningskonferens 31 oktober 2017: Abstracts, 2017, p. 30-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Larsson Lindberg, Britta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Att lära elever med dyslexi att skriva på engelska2017In: Skriv! Les! Nordisk forskerkonferanse om skriving, lesing og literacy, NTNU Trondheim – 09.-11. mai 2017, 2017, p. 198-199Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Larsson Lindberg, Britta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Developing Teaching for Students with Special Needs2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Lecusay, Robert
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Mrak, Lina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Rethinking the Relation between Pedagogy and Sustainability: The Views of Preschool Teachers in Sweden2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A core value underpinning activities in early childhood education and care for sustainability (ECECfS) is that these activities be organized to support forms of democratic, intergenerational collaboration in which children can act as “agents of change.” From the perspective of mediational theories of mind, the possibilities for children to participate actively and agentively in ECECfS can be understood by studying the ECEC settings in which these activities unfold as systems of culturally-constituted and historically contingent conditions.

    The present study applied this perspective in qualitative case studies of how teachers in three Swedish preschools understand and practice ECECfS, and the degree to which children in these preschools could act as agents of change in relation to ECECfS activities. This research is based on survey and interview data collected from teacher teams in preschools that participated in a series of regional government-sponsored workshops designed to support teachers’ efforts to develop the outdoor spaces in their preschools as sustainable, multifunctional environments. Drawing on concepts from cultural historical activity theory (systemic tensions as underpinning expansive learning), surveys and interview transcripts were analyzed to characterize: how the participating teachers engaged with concepts relevant for understanding their approach to ECECfS (sustainability, teaching, pretend and exploratory play); pedagogical and organizational tensions that teachers described in relation to these concepts; and cultural means that mediated teachers relations to the general object of implementing ECECfS.

    Teachers conceptions and practices of ECECfS were in general consistent with findings of prior research of in-service and pre-service preschool staff in Sweden: While teachers understood ECECfS holistically as a project that integrates environmental, economic, and social dimensions, the majority of the activities organized by the teachers emphasized the environmental dimension, with none explicitly emphasizing the economic dimension. Furthermore, teachers in all three schools described their day-to-day preschool practices as inherently about and for sustainability, noting a kind of tension or contradiction with needing to make sustainability explicit in preschool activities.

    With respect to opportunities for children to act as agents of change in day-to-day preschool activities, we found examples in all three cases in which children engaged in actions that changed their material environment and/or their participation in relevant community(ies) of practice. Critically, what varied across preschools was if and to what degree these actions were clearly motivated by children’s questions, interests, and/or intentions. We draw on the concepts of instrumental and ontological communities of learners (Matusov et al., 2013) to argue that pedagogical and organizational aspects of each preschool’s idioculture (Fine, 2012) enabled or constrained the possibilities for children to act as agents of change.

  • 110.
    Lecusay, Robert
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Mrak, Lina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Nilsson, Monica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Teachers Making Sense of Children’s Sense-making: Negotiating Pretense, Exploration, and Teaching in Sustainable, Multi-functional Preschool Environments.2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preschool teachers in Sweden are currently coping with growing curricular demands to engage in a more formal instruction, and to further develop education for sustainable development (ESD). A consequence of this is that teachers feel pressure to organize activities for very young children that privilege ”knowing that” over ”knowing how,” and to do so in the service of an interdisciplinary project – ESD – that can be challenging to organize in early childhood. As teachers adapt to these new challenges they negotiate tensions consequential to preschool children’s learning and develop- ment. The pressure to reorient to disciplinary learning can detract from arrangements of activities involving pretend and exploratory play. This is because the learning outcomes of these activities can be unpredictable and difficult to define. However, these activities are also associated with the kinds of outcomes (e.g. creativity, innovation, empathy, counterfactual thinking) and ethics (e.g. cultures of collaborative learning) of concern in ESD.

    In this paper we consider how preschool teachers in Sweden are negotiating the demands of engag- ing in more formal instruction and ESD, while cultivating local idiocultures that support children’s pretend and exploratory play. Our examination is based on case studies of teacher teams in three preschools that participated in a series of regional government-sponsored workshops organized to support teachers’ efforts to design their preschools’ outdoor spaces as sustainable, multifunctional environments. The case studies were based on field observations at the participating preschools and teacher interviews conducted prior to, during, and following the said workshops.

    Drawing on cultural-historical concepts of disruptive and productive tensions, we characterize how the participating teachers conceived of pretend play, exploration, teaching, and sustainability in relation to children’s engagement in preschool activities. We focus in particular on how teachers considered examples of activities in which the interaction of children and the material environment afforded pretend and exploratory play; how the teachers and children made sense of their activities through pretense and exploration; and if/how the teachers remediated these activities in ways intended to make the children’s learning visible. How and for whom this learning becomes visible is a central question of concern for us.

  • 111.
    Lecusay, Robert
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Nilsson, Monica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Ferholt, Beth
    Brooklyn College, US.
    Exploratory playworlds: Reconsidering the relationship between pretend play and exploration in early childhood education2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preschools are increasingly focused on children’s cognitive development and school preparation at the expense of supporting the development of children as whole persons. Two preschool pedagogies that fall outside of this trend, and which have roots in Vygotsky’s theories of learning and development, are playworlds and the Reggio Emiliainspired pedagogy of listening. In playworlds, children’s pretend play is based in an understanding of children as creative. The pedagogy of listening does not focus on play but understands children as engaged, reflective culture creators, and focuses on the creation of environments that afford children’s exploration, a concept not theorized to the same degree as pretend play. In this paper we investigate the concept of exploration and exploratory play in relation to pretend play, and present our understanding of a preschool pedagogy that focuses simultaneously on play and exploration as sufficient for the growth of the whole person, that is, their becoming as a subject. We make this case by presenting two projects, drawn from an ethnography of three Swedish Preschools, in which children’s play and exploration were both foci. We argue that these examples force us to rethink what children do in pretend play and in exploration, and how both pretend play and exploration are related to learning and growth. Emphasizing subjectivity the introduction of scientific concepts, and school-based learning should be reconsidered from a didactical perspective: What, when, and how will scientific concepts be useful in the life of the child and for the growth of subjectivity?

  • 112.
    Lidberg, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Lärarkunskaper inom programmering i matematikundervisningen.: En kvalitativ intervjustudie som synliggör lärares kunskaper inom programmering i årskurs 1-3.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Programming is a relatively new element in the school, which teachers should work with. My perception is that teachers have mixed reactions about programming and its content. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of creating an understanding of teachers’ knowledge in programming in mathematics teaching in grade 1-3. Three questions were used to achieve the aim of this study, they are: what knowledge and competence do teachers in mathematics have in programming, what knowledge do teachers have of the subject matter in the curriculum in relation to programming, and how teachers work with the content programming in mathematics teaching.

    The study is an interview study that has been used to gather information about the teachers' knowledge in programming. In total, five teachers were interviewed, of whom 4 worked in grades 1-3 and one in grade 4. The theoretical framework MKT were used to collect the data, interview and for the analysis of the data. The result has shown that it is a benefit if the teachers know words and concepts that are used in programming and how different programming tools works. Furthermore, the results shows how the teachers' worked with programming and how it can be used in teaching mathematics.

  • 113.
    Lilliedahl, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Building knowledge through arts integration2018In: Pedagogies: An International Journal, ISSN 1554-480X, E-ISSN 1554-4818, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 133-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Educational research has shown the importance of adopting a multimodal approach to pedagogy by combining, integrating, and organizing diverse semiotic resources for learning. As aesthetic content and forms are significant aspects of multimodality, arts integration is crucial to achieve multimodal knowledge practices. In this paper, we develop a conceptual framework for analysing, discussing, and designing arts-integrated processes of teaching and learning. The framework integrates a social semiotic theory of multimodality and the Legitimation Code Theory of Semantics as a methodology through which teachers may avoid segmental learning practices in favour of an arts-integrated cumulative pedagogy. In this way, multimodal approaches to text and context relate to a social realist view on knowledge building, where boundaries between knowledge practices are weakened and meaning is condensed through processes of cumulative learning.

  • 114.
    Lilliedahl, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Läroplansteorin i svensk lärarutbildning: En semantiskt orienterad läroplansanalys2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 115.
    Lilliedahl, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    The ‘Original’ Legitimization of Music Classes in Sweden2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Lilliedahl, Jonathan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Hansén, Sven-Erik
    Wikman, Tom
    Contextual Coherence in Teacher Education2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 117.
    Lilliedahl, Jonathan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Rapp, Stephan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The status of aesthetic education in a revised centralized curriculum: a theory-based and content-orientated evaluation of the Swedish curriculum reform Gy112019In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 43-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of the recent curriculum reform of the Swedish upper secondary school, Gy11. Although aesthetics were not made compulsory subjects by this reform, all students have a statutory entitlement to be offered a minimum of one course in an aesthetics subject. We wished to determine whether students are actually being given the opportunity of choosing such subjects.

    The study is a theory-based and content-oriented evaluation. Data are based on curriculum studies and a comprehensive survey of upper-secondary school principals.

    Our findings indicate that while principals have generally organized aesthetics courses, students seldom choose this kind of educational content. Instead, students’ selection is ruled by indirect methods of manipulation.

  • 118.
    Lindberg, Viveca
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices. Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    Det svenska betygssystemet och dess aktörer2018In: Lärares bedömningsarbete: förhållningssätt, villkor, agens / [ed] Viveca LIndberg, Inger Eriksson & Astrid Pettersson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018, 1, p. 173-212Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Lindberg, Viveca
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices. Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    Eriksson, Inger
    Stockholms universistet, Du är här: Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    Pettersson, Astrid
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik.
    Lärares bedömningsarbete – en inramning2018In: Lärares bedömningsarbete: förhållningssätt, villkor, agens / [ed] Viveca LIndberg, Inger Eriksson & Astrid Pettersson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018, 1, p. 5-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Lindberg, Viveca
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices. Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    Eriksson, IngerStockholms universitet, Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.Pettersson, AstridStockholms universitet, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik.
    Lärares bedömningsarbete: förutsättningar, villkor, agens2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Lindberg, Viveca
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Hirsh, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Binde, Andrew
    Exploring students’ knowing by pre- and post-test in lesson and learning studies2018In: School development through teacher research: Lesson and learning studies in Sweden and Tanzania / [ed] Inger Eriksson & Kalafunja Mlang'a Osaki, Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers Ltd. , 2018, p. 23-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 122.
    Lindeberg, Ludvig
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Växande geometriska mönster i skolan: En studie om undervisningsmetoder, svårigheter och utveckling.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how teachers work with growing geometric patterns, with a focus on students aged 10-12 in the west of Sweden. Specifically, it uncovers what methods teachers use and the difficulties they experience when teaching growing geometrical patterns, as well as outlining how they believe teaching in this subject can be developed. 

    Teaching growing geometrical patterns is part of the Swedish curriculum, because it is seen as a pathway to algebra. Current research says that there are two main theories on teaching growing geometrical pattern, hierarchically or dynamically. This study takes a qualitative approach to investigate these theories further. It uses phenomenology as a theoretical framework, as a way to understand the complex phenomenon of teaching. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with four primary school teachers in Sweden. The data gained from these interviews was analysed multiple times using the hermeneutical spiral, to ensure scientific rigour. The findings demonstrate that teachers prefer using hands on methods when teaching growing geometrical patterns to students, such as a method called the “math machine” and using real objects to create patterns. However, they experience difficulties when instructing students how to turn the pattern into a formula, as students often find this progression difficult to grasp. Additionally, the teachers explained that study material has a big impact on how much time teaching growing geometrical patterns is allocated in the classroom, as most of them will only teach this topic if it is covered in the textbook. For the teaching to improve, teachers need more resources regarding how to teach growing geometrical patterns, particularly when it comes to developing formula, and the teaching of the topic needs to be further promoted by the Swedish National Agency for Education.

  • 123.
    Ljung, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Magnusson Koch, Linnea
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Att konstruera kön: En observationsstudie om språkligt bemötande i förskolan utifrån ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en observationsstudie vars syfte är att undersöka pedagogers språkliga bemötande i förskolans praktik utifrån ett genusperspektiv. Syftet besvaras utifrån följande frågeställningar: Hur ser pedagogernas språkliga bemötande med barnen ut i förskolans praktik? Vilka skillnader kan utläsas i hur pedagogerna bemöter flickor respektive pojkar? Denna studie utgår ifrån en feministisk poststrukturalistisk teori som ses som ett genusperspektiv då det grundar sig på att könsuppdelningen och tudelningen kvinnligt och manligt är socialt konstruerat och behöver ifrågasättas och överskridas för att generera att människan får fler sätt att vara på (Lenz Taguchi, 2004). Observationerna genomfördes på två förskolor och tio observationstillfällen verkställdes. För att besvara syftets frågeställningar har både kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder tillämpats då fältanteckningar och observationsschema utgjorde datainsamlingen. Analysverktygen för studien är begreppen positionering och subjektivitet som är centrala begrepp inom feministisk poststrukturalism och möjliggör en läsning av resultatet i förhållande till könets betydelse i en språklig kontext. De områden som presenteras i resultatet för den första frågeställningen är: Pedagogernas språkliga bemötande vid tillrättavisning och pedagogernas språkliga bemötande i dialog med barnen. Andra frågeställningens resultat utgår ifrån kategorier som skapades utifrån tidigare forskning. Dessa kategorier är: Komplimang av egenskap, uppmanas att hjälpa till, slutna frågor, öppna frågor, namn i positiv bemärkelse och namn i negativ bemärkelse. Resultatet visar att flickor och pojkar positioneras, det vill säga placeras på olika sätt via pedagogernas språk beroende på deras biologiska kön under de observerade tillfällena.

  • 124.
    Lundqvist, Ann-Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Vändal, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    “Man säger att det ska vara en likvärdig förskola, men vad innebär det?”: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares uppfattningar av likvärdighet i en förskolekontext.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att bidra med kunskap och insikt om hur förskollärare uppfattar begreppet likvärdighet och dess innebörd i en förskolekontext. Empirin har samlats in genom fem semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer med utbildade och verksamma förskollärare. Studien har sin grund i den fenomenografiska ansatsen och har därför utförts enligt en fenomenografisk analys. Resultatet har utmynnat i två utfallsrum innehållande fem beskrivningskategorier var. Första beskrivningskategorin visar att det finns en variation i hur begreppet likvärdighet uppfattas och andra beskrivningskategorin visar att förskollärarna har olika arbetssätt för att uppnå en likvärdighet. Resultatet visar även att uppfattningarna av begreppet stämmer överens med hur de arbetar för en likvärdig förskoleverksamhet. Däremot finns en osäkerhet kring likvärdighetsbegreppet och förskollärarna ser ett behov av ett förtydligande av definitionen.

  • 125.
    Löfgren, Håkan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Pérez Prieto, Héctor
    Karlstads universitet.
    Tanner, Marie
    Karlstads universitet.
    Löfgren, Ragnhild
    Linköpings universitet.
    Samuelsson, Johan
    Karlstads universitet.
    Lindberg, Viveca
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices. Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    Att ständigt bli bedömd2017In: Att ständigt bli bedömd: elevers berättelser om betyg och nationella prov / [ed] Héctor Pérez Prieto & Håkan Löfgren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 175-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 126.
    Löfgren, Ragnhild
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Löfgren, Håkan
    Linköpings universitet.
    Lindberg, Viveca
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices. Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    Betygens betydelse - nu och för framtiden2017In: Att ständigt bli bedömd: elevers berättelser om betyg och nationella prov / [ed] Héctor Pérez Prieto & Håkan Löfgren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 35-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Malmros, Henrietta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    ”Det är en svår balansgång, man vet inte hur man ska göra alla gånger”: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers bemötande av flickor respektive pojkar i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt (Skolverket, 2016) har alla som verkar inom förskolan ett ansvar att motverka traditionella könsmönster och könsroller. Syftet med studien är att visa på hur pedagogers bemötande av flickor respektive pojkar kan se ut i förskolan. Därmed görs ett försök att bidra till ökad kunskap kring hur genus kan göras i förskolan. Syftet uppnås med hjälp av följande frågeställningar: Hur ser personalens bemötande av flickor respektive pojkar ut på den observerade förskolan? Vilka skillnader blir tydliga i bemötandet av flickor respektive pojkar? I studien används ett poststrukturellt perspektiv som ser på språket som en grund som bildar sociala strukturer som styr hur vi ser på oss själva, hur andra ser på oss samt hur vi agerar i olika situationer (Davies, 2003). Skapandet av kön och genus baseras på performativitet vilket betyder att vi inte är man eller kvinna, vi konstruerar vad begreppet man och kvinna innebär (Butler, 2007). Studien är kvalitativ och datainsamlingen har skett genom observationer på en förskola.

    Resultatet av studien visar följande: (1) pedagogerna använder olika metoder för att påkalla barnens uppmärksamhet, (2) pedagogerna försöker se och bekräfta alla barn, (3) pedagogerna ställer olika typer av frågor till barnen samt (4) att pedagogerna upplever en osäkerhet kring hur de ska bemöta barnen för att motverka stereotypa könsnormer men samtidigt respektera deras fria val.

  • 128.
    Milopoulou, Filia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Preschool class: a one-way bridge to primary school: Examining preschool class teachers’ perspectives on preparatory practices for children’s transition to primary school2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The preschool class was built in 1998 in an effort by the Swedish government to achieve a smooth transition for the children from preschool to compulsory school. This voluntary, one-year class was envisioned as a bridge between preschool and compulsory school, and the activities would be unlike those in preschool or school. Nevertheless, presently the role of the preschool class seems to be unclear to the preschool class teachers. This is all the more concerning given that in 2018 this class will become mandatory children. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate how teachers understand preschool class and “preschool class pedagogy” as a distinct practice, that is “not preschool” and “not school”, and if and how in that case, mandatory attendance in preschool class will change their view. In this qualitative study, transition theories were applied to characterize teachers’ understanding of the preschool class meaning as a transition year, its preparatory role, and the teachers’ perspectives on this transition class. The sample consisted of four preschool class teachers who were either former or current preschool class teachers. The study data was based on semi-structured interviews, observations and document analysis. This study found that the preschool class teachers understand this class as a one-way bridge to primary school and emphasized the importance of the new policy of the mandatory attendance as a beneficial change for the children. 

  • 129.
    Mohringe Gustafson, Carolina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    "De visar med hela sig vad de vill och inte vill": En kvalitativ studie om hur förskollärare verkar för de yngsta barnens möjlighet till delaktighet och inflytande i förskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att bidra till kunskapandet om de yngsta barnens möjlighet till delaktighet och inflytande i förskolan. Det empiriska materialet har insamlats via fem intervjuer med förskollärare. Även icke-deltagande observationer av förskollärares möjliggörande för de yngsta barnens inflytande och delaktighet har utförts vid de två avdelningar där de intervjuade förskollärarna arbetar. Datan har analyserats med hjälp av narrativ analys utifrån ett normkritiskt perspektiv. 

    Studiens resultat visar att två arbetssätt dominerar vad gäller arbetet med de yngsta barnens delaktighet och inflytande i förskolan. Det första arbetssättet går ut på att förstå och bekräfta det barnet uttrycker, detta förutsätter att med lyhördhet lyssna till hela barnet med alla kroppens sinnen. I detta anses kärnan i arbetet således vara att som förskollärare förstå det barnet försöker uttrycka så att barnet upplever sig förstått och bekräftat. Den andra dominerande metoden att arbeta med inflytande och delaktighet är genom att skapa valtillfällen för barnen. Studiens resultat visar även att faktorer som påverkar detta arbete inkluderar säkerhetsaspekter, omvårdnadsrutiner, barnens verbala förmåga och personlighet, förskollärartäthet och lokaler. Studien visar att arbetet med de yngsta barnen står i relation till djupt rotade diskurser vilket således gör det kopplat till makt. Studiens resultat visar även att vuxna har en definitionsmakt jämtemot barn som påverkar arbetet med de yngsta barnens delaktighet och inflytande. Det viktiga för att tillmötesgå detta är medvetenhet gällande makten jämtemot barnen och att inte använda mer auktoritet än nödvändigt. 

  • 130.
    Mårtensson, Pernilla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Learning to see distinctions through learning studies: Critical aspects as an example of pedagogical content knowledge2019In: International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, ISSN 2046-8253, E-ISSN 2046-8261, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 196-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to identify changes in teacher’s pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) as a result of their participation in two learning studies in mathematics.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A group of four mathematics teachers and the researcher of this paper explored two objects of learning related to division with decimal numbers and the straight-line equation in a learning study (LS) project over the course of one year. The data used consist of eight video-recorded lessons, four written student tests, eight student interviews and 14 recorded team meetings. The analysis was based on the variation theory principle about learning (Marton, 2015) and on ontological assumptions within the phenomenographic approach (Marton, 1981).

    Findings

    It was found that teachers’ PCK was changed and refined through the LS process in terms of differences in ways of understanding and discussing critical aspects related to each object of learning. In the paper, the terms “presumed critical aspects” and “explored critical aspects” are used to illustrate this difference. Furthermore, the concepts are viewed in relation to three subdomains of PCK: knowledge of content and curriculum (KCC), knowledge of content and students (KCS) and knowledge of content and teaching (KCT).

    Originality/value

    Bringing out the difference between “presumed critical aspect” and “explored critical aspects” advances the view that critical aspects are dynamic and emergent in practice – in the interaction between teaching and student learning. The research exposes “explored critical aspects” as a specific form of PCK in which KCC, KCS and KCT are intertwined.

  • 131.
    Mårtensson, Pernilla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Utmaningar i ämnesdidaktiskt kollegium2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Mårtensson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Challenging teachers' ideas about what students need to learn: Teachers' collaborative work in subject didactic groups2018In: International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, ISSN 2046-8253, E-ISSN 2046-8261, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 98-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of the processes that make teachers learn in a collaborative arrangement similar to lesson study (LS) and learning study (LearS). The teachers in this collaboration wanted to enhance teaching and student learning (grades 4-7) about decimal numbers.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The analysis is based on data from five teachers’ collaborative work in an adaptive arrangement of LS and LearS called subject didactic groups. Data consist of eight audio recordings of the teachers’ meetings as well as written and photographic documentation of the meetings. The analysis was carried out through the lens of expansive learning within an activity system (Engeström, 1987). This entailed a focus on contradictions between teachers’ ways of thinking and acting when individually and collaboratively developing their teaching, on the solutions to the conflicts produced by the teachers, and on how these challenged the teachers’ ideas about what the students need to learn.

    Findings

    The authors identified contradictions between formative and summative assessment, exams and stressed students, prevailing norms about teaching and the theoretical tool used for planning and analyzing lessons and student learning, and the local curriculum and time constraints. The solutions to the conflicts were the driving force for developing new and more qualitative knowledge about what the students need to learn.

    Originality/value

    This paper gives explicit examples of contradictions and solutions that can challenge and drive teachers to expand their learning in an adaptive form of LS and LearS suited to daily teaching.

  • 133.
    Nersäter, Åsa
    et al.
    Per Brahegymnasiet, Jönköping.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Förstelärarens roll för skolutveckling: ett forsknings- och förstelärarperspektiv2017In: Framåt uppåt!: Samhällsdidaktiska utmaningar / [ed] Rebecka Florin sädbom, Mikael Gustavsson & Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Jönköping University , 2017, , p. 191p. 129-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 134.
    Nilsson, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Ferholt, Beth
    Brooklyn College, USA.
    Aesthetics of play and joint playworlds2017In: The Routledge International Handbook of Early Childhood Play / [ed] T. Bruce, P. Hakkarainen, M. Bredikyte, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 58-69Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Nilsson, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Ferholt, Beth
    Brooklyn College, USA.
    Playworld and the Pedagogy of Listening2017In: Routledge International Handbook of Play in Early Childhood / [ed] Tina Bruce, Pentti Hakkarainen, Milda Milda Bredikyte, Routledge, 2017, p. 261-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 136.
    Nilsson, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Ferholt, Beth
    Brooklyn College, USA.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    'The Playing-Exploring Child': Re-conceptualizing the Relationship between Play and Learning in  Early Childhood Education2018In: Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, ISSN 1463-9491, E-ISSN 1463-9491, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 231-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we problematize the dichotomization of play and learning that often shapes the agenda of early childhood education research and practice. This dichotomization is driven in part by the tendency to define lerning in terms of formal learning (i.e. learning as an outcome of direct instruction; and of school-based approaches that focus on teacher-led, goal directed activities and declarative knowledge; and learning in the content areas, such as math and literacy). We argue for a re-conceptualization of early childhood education that understands learning and development not as an outcome, primarily, of instruction and teaching, but as an outcome of play and exploration. We develop this argument by drawing on Vygotsky’s theories of play, imagination, realistic thinking and creativity. These theories challenge another dichotomy -  that between imagination and reality -  by arguing that imagination is implicated in the meaning making of both play and exploration. Instead of relating play to learning where play is characterized by imagination and learning by reality, our re-conceptualization relates play to exploration and proposes that learning, defined as leading to human development, is an outcome of both of these two activities. We further develop our argument by presenting ethnographic material from a qualitative research project implemented in three Swedish preschools, whose practices are influenced by the Reggio Emilia pedagogical approach. The research conducted in this study contributes to new perspectives on the relationship between play and learning by introducing exploration as a counterpart to play, and this new perspective has implications for the design and practice of early childhood education, as well as for early childhood education research.

  • 137.
    Nilsson, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Grankvist, Anna-Karin
    Johansson, Elin
    Thure, Jeanette
    Ferholt, Beth
    Department of Early Childhood and Art Education, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, USA.
    Lek, lärande och lycka - Lekande och utforskande i förskolan2018Book (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Nilsson, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Alnervik, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Undervisning i förskolan: Holistisk förskoledidaktik byggd på lek och utforskande2018In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 9-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we critically examine and problematizethe concept of teaching in contemporary Swedish preschoolprovision, and sketch a holistic preschool didactics aimed at addressingkey problems that emerge from the implementation of the concept ofteaching in preschool. We briefly survey how teaching is conceptualizedand managed from different theoretical perspectives and institutionaldiscourses. Drawing on cultural historical activity theory and situatedlearning approaches, we argue for the formation of a preschool didacticsbased on a socio-cultural understanding of play in combination with aReggio Emilia-inspired understanding of exploratory and project-basedwork methods.

  • 139.
    Nilsson, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Alnervik, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Ferholt, Beth
    Department of Early Childhood and Art Education, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, USA.
    Iscensättning av undervisning: målrelationellt lärande i förskolan2018In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 36, no 3-4, p. 109-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1998, preschool provision in Sweden has been supervised through the Ministry of Edu-cation. Since then, concepts from compulsory schooling have been formally incorporated in this provision. Teaching, is a particularly striking example, as it is currently applied to pre-school based on the definition in the Swedish school law: “teacher-led, goal-oriented pro-cesses.” This paper contributes knowledge concerning how teaching in preschool can be un-derstood. Drawing on the concepts of staging, and goal-relational versus goal-rational pro-cesses, we present analyses of preschool activities documented as part of a year-long project focused on children’s socio-dramatic play and exploration. We argue for a goal-relational ap-proach to thinking about and arranging for goal-directed processes in preschool.

  • 140.
    Pang, M. F.
    et al.
    Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Runesson, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    The Learning study: recent trends and developments2019In: International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, ISSN 2046-8253, E-ISSN 2046-8261, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 162-169Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 141.
    Papadopoulos, Ioannis
    et al.
    Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Gunnarsson, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    The use of ‘mental’ brackets when calculating arithmetic expressions2018In: Proceedings of the 42nd Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education: Vol. 3 / [ed] E. Bergqvist, M. Österholm, C. Granberg & L. Sumpter, Umeå: PME , 2018, p. 451-458Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 142. Pardue, C.
    et al.
    Mårtensson, R.
    Lindberg, Viveca
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    The Swedish case – Choosing and using kitchen utensils2018In: School development through teacher research: Lesson and learning studies in Sweden and Tanzania / [ed] Inger Eriksson & Kalafunja Mlang'a Osaki, Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers Ltd. , 2018, p. 94-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 143.
    Ramdhany, Viren
    et al.
    University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Venkat, Hamsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Christiansen, Iben Maj
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Dissonance and continuity in the mathematical education and training experiences of pre-service secondary mathematics teachers2018In: African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, ISSN 1811-7295, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 186-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The education and professional development of pre-service mathematics teachers occur across different contexts. Key contexts of mathematics learning and learning to teach are school, university undergraduate mathematics and mathematics teaching-related learning in teacher education courses. International literature suggests that each of these contexts legitimises different views of mathematics teaching and learning. For pre-service teachers traversing these contexts, moves between sites can be experienced in more continuous or more dissonant ways. The disjunctures associated with dissonant experiences lead to openings for value judgments related to the distinctions that are drawn, opening possibilities for a wider range of pedagogic decisions. In this paper, we explore, through interviews with four pre-service teachers in one post-graduate certificate of education (PGCE) course, perceptions of continuity and dissonance across sites related to mathematics and mathematics education, and teaching and learning. Our findings point largely to experiences of continuity between the high school and undergraduate contexts, with the PGCE course recognised as different from these contexts. 

  • 144.
    ramsén, lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Skogsberg, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Det finns liksom ingen begränsning: En kvalitativ studie om digitala verktyg i förskolans matematikundervisning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att bidra med kunskap om förskollärarens upplevelser om digitala verktyg i matematikundervisningen. För att få fram dessa upplevelser har vi ställt följande frågor: Hur beskriver förskollärare att de använder digitala verktyg i matematikundervisningen? 

    Vilken matematik beskriver förskollärarna att barnen får möjlighet att utveckla kunskap om, när de använder digitala verktyg i matematikundervisningen?

     

    Denna studien inspireras av fenomenologi. Fenomenologi söker efter enskilda individers erfarenheter och upplevelser. Studien undersöker förskollärarnas upplevelser om fenomenet digitala verktyg i matematikundervisningen.  

     

    I denna studie används kvalitativ intervju som metod för att samla in empiri. Sex deltagare från samma kommun har intervjuats. Deltagarna i studien är strategiskt utvalda. Urvalet i vår studie baseras på att förskolorna och förskollärarna arbetar aktivt med digitala verktyg i matematikundervisningen.  

     

    Studiens resultat visar på essensen av hur förskollärare upplever fenomenet digitala verktyg i matematikundervisningen. Essensen redogörs för i tre övergripande teman. Dessa tre teman menar vi bildar kärnan av deltagarnas upplevelser om det undersökta fenomenet. Förskollärarna beskriver att de använder digitala verktyg i matematikundervisningen som en pedagogisk resurs. Pedagogisk resurs innebär att de digitala verktygen är ett verktyg på förskolan som förskollärarna kan använda sig av för att bedriva undervisning. Förskollärarna lyfter att digitala verktyg används som ett komplement i deras matematikundervisning, med komplement betonar förskollärarna att de digitala verktygen exempelvis förstärker den matematik de vill undervisa. Avslutande essens är den matematik som förskollärarna upplever att barnen utvecklar i samband med digitala verktyg i matematikundervisningen. 

  • 145.
    Reinholdsson, Denise E
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Petersén, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Är utevistelsenförskollärarnaskaffepaus?: En kvalitativ studie om hur förskollärare arbetar medundervisning utomhus på förskolans gård2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien avser att bidra med kunskap kring hur förskollärare arbetar med undervisning utomhus påförskolans gård. Frågeställningarna berör hur förskollärare beskriver att de planerar och genomförundervisning utomhus, vad pedagogisk inriktning har för betydelse i undervisningen och hurundervisning utomhus kan bidra till att läroplansmålen uppnås. Studien är kvalitativ och empirinhar samlats in via enkäter med öppna frågor för att få förskollärarnas olika uppfattningar kringundervisningen utomhus på förskolans gård. Empirin har analyserats med hjälp av en tematiskanalys och ur den har tre teman konstruerats. Studien har hämtat inspiration ifrån detutomhuspedagogiska perspektivet, som belyser lärandet i miljöerna omkring förskolan samt atthandling och reflektion går hand i hand, som kan kopplas till ett learning by doing. Studiens resultatvisar att undervisning är pågående under hela dagen, men kräver eftertänksamma och medforskandeförskollärare för att skapa lärande. Utomhuspedagogikens didaktiska frågor vad, var, hur, när ochvarför synliggörs även i resultat och analys.

  • 146.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. WITS School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Teachers and researchers in collaboration. A possibility to overcome the research-practice gap?2019In: European Journal of Education, ISSN 0141-8211, E-ISSN 1465-3435, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 250-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking as its point of departure the discussion about the disconnection between research and practice, this article presents learning study as a research approach to overcoming this gap. Learning study has commonalities with design research and lesson study, but is a teacher-researcher collaboration where both have a common object of research. Thus, it is research with teachers, rather than on teachers and focuses on constructing knowledge concerning objects of learning as well as teaching-learning relationships. The focus of the research collaboration is professional problems related to the object of learning that teachers encounter in their everyday practice. The process is guided by a theory of learning and pedagogy?the variation theory. The knowledge product of learning study is a theoretical description of what must be learned in order to develop a specific capability. Examples of knowledge contributions from learning study are given and it is suggested that such knowledge can be considered to be public knowledge that can be shared, used and developed by other teachers in other contexts. Furthermore, it is suggested that there are specific features of learning study that make it a research approach that may strengthen connections between research and practice.

    The full text will be freely available from 2021-05-28 00:05
  • 147.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Kullberg, Angelika
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Learning to Teach with Variation: Experiences from Learning Study in Sweden2017In: Teaching and Learning Mathematics through Variation: Confucian Heritage Meets Western Theories / [ed] Rongjin Huang and Yeping Li, Sense Publishers, 2017, p. 355-374Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Lövström, A.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hellquist, Björn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Beyond the borders of the local: How “instructional products” from learning study can be shared and enhance student learning2018In: International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, ISSN 2046-8253, E-ISSN 2046-8261, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 111-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present how experiences gained from a theory-informed lesson study – learning study (LrS) – in regard to a specific learning goal can be shared and used by other teachers in new contexts.

    Design/methodology/approach: A group of teachers worked together in a cyclic, iterative process of planning, evaluating and revising teaching. The aim was to provide possibilities for grade 2 and 3 students to become familiar with negative numbers. The teacher group came to the conclusion that the students needed to be able to differentiate some aspects of negative numbers. The conjecture was put to the test in a follow-up study (FS) with five new teachers and eight classes. One lesson was taught based on the empirical findings in the LrS.

    Findings: The results suggest that teachers’ collaborative work has possibilities to produce knowledge about critical aspects of learning that can be communicated and adopted in new contexts. The teachers in the FS were able to make sense of the results from LrS and incorporate the critical aspects in their teaching in a way that enhanced students’ learning.

    Originality/value: It is demonstrated that teacher collaboration in LrS can create knowledge that goes beyond the border of the local context. 

  • 149.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Lövström, Anna
    Mörbylånga municipality, Mörbylånga, Sweden.
    Theory-informed lesson study as practice based research: identifying what is critical for grade 2 and 3 pupils’ learning of negative numbers2017In: Quadrante, ISSN 0872-3915, Vol. XXVI, no 2, p. 19-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to demonstrate how a theory-informed lesson study can be a form of practice-based research where knowledge is generated within the process of teachers’ actions. Learning study shares features with lesson study, such as the iterative design, the teacher driven approach and with attention to student learning, but is guided by a theoretical framework. The dominant theory has been variation theory. In learning study, the focus is the object of learning and what must be learned to make the object of learning one’s own. A learning study about learning and teaching negative numbers to young pupils (age 8-9) in a Swedish context is used as an example. Our proposal is in resonance with Morris’ and Hiebert’s (2011) suggestion; that lesson study is a system that can generate instructional products that are sharable and open for improvement by other actors. The ‘instructional product’ from learning study is a theoretical description of the object of learning, how it is constituted and can be taught. In the learning study reported, three teachers worked in collaboration to identify the critical aspects for realizing the existence of negative numbers. The critical aspects emerged and were successively specified in the process and as a result of a thorough analysis of data on pupils’ learning and the lessons. 

  • 150.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Lövström, Anna
    Hellqvist, Björn
    Making distinctions – critical for the learning of the 'existence' of negative numbers? Exploring how 'instructional products' from a theory informed Lesson study can be shared and enhance student learning2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present how experiences gained from a theory informed Lesson study in regards to a specific learning goal can be shared and used by other teachers in new contexts. A group of teachers worked together in a cyclic, iterative process of planning, evaluating and revising teaching. The aim was to provide possibilities for grade 2 and 3 students to become familiar with negative numbers, thus to extend the number range from N to Z. Based on theoretical tenets about learning and empirical findings in the study the teacher group draw the conclusion that the pupils needed to be able to differentiate some aspects of negative numbers. The conjecture was put to the test in a follow-up study with five new teachers and eight classes. One lesson was taught based on the empirical finding in the Lesson study. When learning gains from pre- to post-test in these classes were compared to those in the Lesson study, similarities were found. It is suggested that accumulate evidence about ‘what must be learned’ across different classroom settings can be gained through a theory informed and goal oriented Lesson study.

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