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  • 1.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Pittino, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. EGADE Business Sch, Tecnol Monterrey, San Pedro Garza Garcia, Mexico.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Res Inst Ind Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts2019Ingår i: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 360-385Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study analyzes the nexus among business growth, ownership structure, and local embeddedness—that is, the involvement of economic actors in a geographically bound social structure—in rural and urban contexts. This work combines regional economics with studies on family business and firm growth and uses a coarsened matched sample of privately held Swedish firms. The findings indicate that family firms benefit more than nonfamily firms from local embeddedness and as such they achieve higher levels of growth and that this effect is more pronounced in rural areas. Research implications are shared in the Conclusion section.

  • 2.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Pittino, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Sieger, Philipp
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Eddleston, Kimberly
    Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States.
    Special Issue: “Career issues in family business: Understanding career ladders and glass ceilings” call for papers2016Ingår i: The Journal of Family Business Strategy, ISSN 1877-8585, E-ISSN 1877-8593, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 272-273Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Caccamo, Marta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Pittino, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Tecnológico de Monterrey, EGADE Business School, San Pedro Garza García, Mexico.
    Family firm density and likelihood of failure: An ecological perspective2019Ingår i: The Palgrave handbook of heterogeneity among family firms / [ed] S. Memili & C. Dibrell, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, s. 821-846Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter aims at establishing a link between family business research and regional science. Drawing from the density dependence model from organizational ecology and embeddedness theory, we develop four testable propositions to inquire about the effect of the emergence of family firms’ agglomerations in the territory on firms’ survival.

    We theorize that increased family firm density reduces the likelihood of firm failure and this effect is (a) higher for family firms than for non-family firms, (b) lower in urban than in rural areas, and (c) higher in fine-grained variable environments than in stable environments. Contributions and future research implications are detailed in the concluding section.

  • 4.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Baù, Massimo
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Karlsson, M.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    No Firm is an Island: Local Embeddedness and Rural-Urban Contexts for Business Growth in Family versus non-Family Firms.2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 5. Compagno, C.
    et al.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Succession processes and top team evolution in small family firms2001Ingår i: Research Forum Proceedings of the 12th FBN World Conference: The role of the family in family business / [ed] D. Montemerlo, G. Corbetta, Jyväskylä: School of Business & Economics, University of Jyväskylä , 2001Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Compagno, C.
    et al.
    Department of Economics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Department of Economics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Visintin, F.
    Department of Economics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Corporate governance and advanced forms of internationalisation in Italian SMEs2005Ingår i: International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business, ISSN 1479-3059, E-ISSN 1479-3067, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 168-182Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of small firms lack the resources and competences required to implement advanced international strategies and to engage in global business activities; small firms face considerable barriers when attempting to engage in international partnerships, joint ventures and foreign direct investments, and are more likely to fail than large firms. In this paper, we investigate the role of corporate governance system in providing the small firms with resources and competences and in promoting the changes in the entrepreneurial culture which are necessary to pursue advanced internationalisation strategies. Results suggest that the governance system is important for the cooptation of new members in the strategic decision-making groups of the firm and indicate that the environmental context can be an important moderating variable in the relationship between corporate governance and internationalisation.

  • 7. Compagno, C.
    et al.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Visintin, F.
    Family firms and empowerment: a way to sustainable competitive advantage2003Ingår i: New frontiers in family business research: the leadership challenge / [ed] Panikkos Poutziouris & Lloyd P. Steier, Lausanne: Academic Research Forum , 2003Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 8. Compagno, C.
    et al.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Visintin, F.
    M&A operations as a growth strategy for SMEs (in Italian)2006Ingår i: Organizzazione, regolazione e competitività, McGraw-Hill, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 9. Compagno, C.
    et al.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Visintin, F.
    Performance, corporate governance and top executive turnover in Italian listed companies (in Italian)2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 10. Compagno, C.
    et al.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Visintin, F.
    Rebuilding social capital during the succession process: The role of stakeholders' trust2002Ingår i: The future of family business: values and social responsibility: research forum proceedings / [ed] Matti Koiranen & Nina Karlsson, Jyväskylä: School of Business & Economics, University of Jyväskylä , 2002Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 11. Compagno, C.
    et al.
    Visintin, F.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Management of social capital: challenges for the next generation entrepreneurs2004Ingår i: Family Business Casebook Annual 2004 / [ed] J. Astrachan, P. Poutziouris, K. Soufani, Kennesaw, GA: Cox Family Enterprise Center , 2004Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12. Compagno, C.
    et al.
    Visintin, F.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Baù, Massimo
    Fornasier, E.
    Lauto, G
    Mazzurana, P
    Cagnina, M
    Chiarvesio, M
    Misurare le performance innovative di un sistema regionale2011Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13. Compagno, Cristiana
    et al.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Visintin, Francesca
    Heterogeneity in corporate governance structures and advanced forms of internationalisation in Italian SMEs2007Ingår i: Sinergie: rivista di studi e ricerche, ISSN 0393-5108, Vol. 26, s. 137-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Small firms often lack the resources and competences required to implement advanced international strategies. In this paper we investigate, through an empirical research, the role of corporate governance system in providing small firms with the capabilities which are necessary to engage effectively in international business. Results suggest that the heterogeneity in the governance system is a significant explanatory determinant for internationalization strategies and that the environmental context can be assumed in future studies as a moderating variable.

  • 14. Costa, G.
    et al.
    Gubitta, P.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Organizzazione aziendale: mercati, gerarchie e convenzioni2014 (uppl. 3)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Migliori, Stefania
    et al.
    Department of Management and Business Administration, “G. d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-Pescara, Pescara, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
    Consorti, Augusta
    Department of Management and Business Administration, “G. d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-Pescara, Pescara, Italy.
    Lucianetti, Lorenzo
    Department of Management and Business Administration, “G. d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-Pescara, Pescara, Italy.
    The relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation, Market Orientation and Performance in University Spin-Offs2017Ingår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims to examine the relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO), Market Orientation (MO) and performance in University Spin-Offs (USOs). Initially, the paper, assesses the existence of a moderating effect of MO in the relationship between EO and performance, next, it analyses the mediation role of MO between EO and performance. To strengthen paper results, we test our hypotheses on a cross-sectional sample of 162 Italian USOs using both perceived and objective performance. Findings suggest that there is no synergistic effect of MO and EO as mutually independent constructs. Instead, our evidences support the idea that EO and MO in USOs occur within the same learning process. Both EO and MO support USO performance, but MO cannot occur without EO as an antecedent condition. At the same time, a significant portion of the EO contribution to performance occurs through MO. 

  • 16.
    Miller, Danny
    et al.
    HEC Montreal & University of Alberta.
    Le Breton-Miller, Isabelle
    HEC Montreal & University of Alberta.
    Minichilli, Alessandro
    Bocconi University.
    Corbetta, Guido
    Bocconi University.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine.
    Talent-based and conflict perspectives in family firm governance2013Ingår i: Academy of Management Proceedings, January 2013 (Meeting Abstract Supplement) 11851, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Top executive talent has been seen as a core driver of firm performance since it vitally influences how resources are invested and managed to create competitive advantage. However, there is relatively little research into the managerial and ownership contexts which enable that talent to be most effective. We shall argue and demonstrate that within family firms, complementary leadership and ownership resources and circumstances are critical to the effective performance of non-family CEOs. It will be shown that family firms perform best when non-family executives are present within a context that minimizes conflict among owners and executives and among family and non-family executives.

  • 17.
    Miller, Danny
    et al.
    HEC Montreal and University of Alberta, Canada.
    Le Breton-Miller, Isabelle
    HEC Montreal and University of Alberta, Canada.
    Minichilli, Alessandro
    Bocconi University, CRIO, Italy.
    Corbetta, Guido
    Bocconi University, CRIO, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine, Italy.
    When do non-family CEOs outperform in family firms? Agency and behavioural agency perspectives2014Ingår i: Journal of Management Studies, ISSN 0022-2380, E-ISSN 1467-6486, Vol. 51, nr 4, s. 547-572Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Family firms represent a globally dominant form of organization, yet they confront a steep challenge of finding and managing competent leaders. Sometimes, these leaders cannot be found within the owning family. To date we know little about the governance contexts under which non-family leaders thrive or founder. Guided by concepts from agency theory and behavioural agency theory, we examine the conditions of ownership and leadership that promote superior performance among non-family CEOs of family firms. Our analysis of 893 Italian family firms demonstrates that these leaders outperform when they are monitored by multiple major family owners as opposed to a single owner; they also outperform when they are not required to share power with co-CEOs who are family members, and who may be motivated by parochial family socioemotional priorities.

  • 18.
    Palese, Alvisa
    et al.
    University of Udine, department of Medical Science, Italy.
    Gnech, Denise
    University of Udine, department of Medical Science, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Capretta, Franco
    University of Padua, Corso di Laurea i Infermieristica, Italy.
    Cossalter, Ornella
    University of Padua, Corso di Laurea i Infermieristica, Italy.
    Tonet, Saverio
    Nursing Board I.P.A.S.V.I. in Bellunom Belluno, Italy.
    Pais Dei Mori, Luigi
    Nursing Board I.P.A.S.V.I. in Bellunom Belluno, Italy.
    Grosso, Silvia
    University of Padua, Corso di Laurea i Infermieristica, Italy.
    Non-nursing tasks as experienced by nursing students: Findings from a phenomenological interpretative study2019Ingår i: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 76, s. 234-241Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: During their clinical learning experience, students are exposed to the nursing profession as a powerful structural reality, experiencing the so-called professional socialisation, a process recognised as the basis of professional identity. Inside this process, students progressively acknowledge their professional identity as being composed of several competencies and, among these, also non-nursing tasks.

    OBJECTIVES: To explore non-nursing tasks in the context of nursing students' clinical learning experiences.

    DESIGN: An interpretative phenomenological study design was performed and carried out in 2016. The COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative (COREQ) research principles were used in reporting study methods and findings.

    SETTING: Two Italian Bachelor of Nursing degree programmes located in Northern Italy.

    PARTICIPANTS: Students attending their nursing programmes who a) had successfully passed one or more theoretical examinations; b) had one or more clinical learning experiences in varied contexts (e.g. hospital, community); c) were attending the 1st, 2nd or 3rd year, and d) were willing to participate, were interviewed with an open-ended, face-to-face, audio-recorded interview.

    METHODS: A thematic analysis was performed.

    RESULTS: Participating students (n = 18) were between 20 and 25 years old and were attending the 1st to the 3rd (and final) academic year. Non-nursing tasks were experienced by them according to three main themes: a) "Being out of the scope of the learning experience," b) "Being forced by external and internal forces," and c) "Dealing with mixed outcomes by looking for a compromise." All students have reported learning to perform non-nursing tasks by shadowing clinical nurses and also practising these tasks by themselves. Internal and external forces prompted students to perform non-nursing tasks, which were recognised as having positive, negative, and neutral effects on themselves and on their learning outcomes.

    CONCLUSIONS: Non-nursing tasks are acquired since the beginning of the clinical experience, thus shaping the nursing students' professional identity. At the undergraduate nursing level, strategies should be implemented to prevent the phenomena that a) threaten the acquisition of more complex nursing competences expected by patients and society, and b) shape future generations to be flexible and to perform different tasks, included those below their role.

  • 19.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Corporate governance and product innovation in Italian family SMEs: The moderating role of the technological regimes2007Ingår i: Dimensions on family business research. Vol. 1, Values and responsible ownership / [ed] Juha Kansikas & Stiina Lehti, Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20. Pittino, Daniel
    Knowledge sharing and innovation in SME: An application of social network analysis2004Ingår i: The modern business function and environment / [ed] Cleopatra Veloutsou & Gregory T. Papanikos, Athens: ATINER , 2004, s. 677-692Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 21.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Henssen, Bart
    Broekaert, Wouter
    Does increased generational involvement foster business growth? The moderating roles of family involvement in ownership and management2019Ingår i: European Management Review, ISSN 1740-4754, E-ISSN 1740-4762Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Building upon the upper echelon perspective, we examine the effect of generationalinvolvement in management on various measures of business growth and consider differentlevels of family participation. Specifically, we argue that generational involvement and theparticipation of family actors in ownership and management foster cognitive diversity at theTMT level, which may ultimately positively or negatively impact family business growth. Ourtheory, which is tested using a longitudinal sample of unlisted Belgian family firms, contributesprimarily to the literature related to the determinants of family firm growth, which, to date, haspaid limited attention to the combined effect of different family involvement factors.

  • 22.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. University of Udine, Department of Economics and Statistics, Udine, Italy.
    Martínez, Ascensión Barroso
    Department of Business Management, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Galván, Ramón Sanguino
    Department of Business Management, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.
    Psychological ownership, knowledge sharing and entrepreneurial orientation in family firms: The moderating role of governance heterogeneity2018Ingår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 84, s. 312-326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Adopting a stewardship perspective and relying on a sample of 93 Spanish family firms, we emphasize the importance of psychological ownership as a primary determinant of entrepreneurial orientation in terms of proactiveness, innovativeness and risk taking. We also suggest that the relationship between psychological ownership and entrepreneurial orientation is mediated by knowledge sharing. Finally, we assess the potential moderating roles of heterogenous governance conditions in terms of the generation in control, generational involvement and family involvement in the top management team with regard to the relationship between psychological ownership and knowledge sharing. Research and managerial implications are shared in the concluding section.

  • 23.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Mazzurana, Paola Angela Maria
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Alliance governance and performance in SMEs: Matching relational and contractual governance with alliance goals2013Ingår i: Entrepreneurship Research Journal, ISSN 2157-5665, E-ISSN 2157-5665, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 62-83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article offers author's insights on the alliance governance and performance in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It states that throwing some light on the process of alliance governance mechanism selection is the objective of the research by SMEs. It adds the evidence provide by the study on the effect of relational and formal governance on the alliance performance.

  • 24. Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Visintin, F.
    Entrepreneurial teams, innovation and performance in high tech start ups2003Ingår i: Proceedings of the 33rd EISB Conference, "Entrepreneurial and Professional Management In Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: Combining Creativity and Technical Skills", 2003Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Visintin, F.
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    The propensity toward inter-organizational cooperation in small- and medium-sized family businesses2011Ingår i: The Journal of Family Business Strategy, ISSN 1877-8585, E-ISSN 1877-8593, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 57-68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this paper is to explore the propensity toward inter-organizational cooperation in small- and medium-sized family businesses as compared to non-family businesses, and to assess the factors that could influence the establishment of collaborative agreements at the family-business level. We apply transaction governance theories and resource-based views as theoretical perspectives to analyze a sample of 272 Italian family and non-family small- to medium-sized enterprises. Results suggest that family firms are less likely to establish cooperation agreements as compared to non-family firms. Among family firms, cooperation propensity is influenced both by the generation in charge and by the stage of the succession process. Our results contribute to the family business literature, indicating that the inter-organizational strategies of family firms are influenced both by the dynamics of trust formation and by the characteristics of the family-business resource configuration.

  • 26. Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Visintin, F
    Baù, Massimo
    Corporate governance and CEO turnover in insider dominated systems: Are family firms different?2009Ingår i: Book of proceedings: global perspectives on family business developments : theory, practice, policy / [ed] Poutziouris P., Hadjielias E., 2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 27. Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Visintin, F
    Baù, Massimo
    Corporate governance e innovazione di prodotto nelle PMI italiane, l’influenza del regime tecnologico2012Ingår i: Strategie per il Family Business: Passaggio Generazionale, Governo e Crescita / [ed] Cassia L., & De Massis A., Este , 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Economics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Visintin, F.
    Department of Economics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Compagno, C.
    Department of Economics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Front end innovation and stakeholder involvement in machine tools sector2011Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, ISSN 1368-275X, E-ISSN 1741-5098, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 96-112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Are there differences among companies operating pursuing different types of innovation in the organisational settings and in the combination of internal and external competencies employed to innovate? In this paper we try to answer this question focusing on the front end phase of innovation because, although the early stages are well recognised as vital for the subsequent success of the entire innovative process, research on these topicis still very limited. Our argument is that, since incremental and radical innovation leverage on different knowledge sources, the organisational approach adopted in the front end to realise the full potential of open innovation will be also different. In particular, we concentrate on front end activities that lead to radical/discontinuous and incremental innovations and analyse the different organisational and network arrangements implemented by companies operating in the machine tools industry. We decided to analyse this particular setting because in recent years the sectoral system of innovation in machine tools has experienced important transformations that have led to significant changes in firms' organisation and technological performance.

  • 29.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Economics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Visintin, Francesca
    Department of Economics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Innovation and strategic types of family SMEs: A test and extension of Miles and Snow's configurational model2009Ingår i: Journal of Enterprising Culture, ISSN 0218-4958, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 257-295Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper is we attempt to construct and validate a typology of innovation strategies among family SMEs applying the Miles and Snow's configurational model. We also try to extend the scope of the model testing the fit between entrepreneurial, managerial and governance characteristics and innovative posture of the firm. Research has been carried out on a representative sample of small and medium family firms of the Italian region Friuli Venezia Giulia. Results indicate that significant differences in the mentioned contextual variables exist among different strategic typologies of family firms, however some questions remain unanswered and more effort is needed to develop the configurational approach in the field of family business.

  • 30.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Università degli Studi di Udine.
    Visintin, Francesca
    Università degli Studi di Udine.
    Innovation and technology sourcing in family firms. Exploration or exploitation?2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Udine.
    Visintin, Francesca
    University of Udine.
    Insider capitalism: opening the black box of CEO replacement decisions2013Ingår i: Academy of Management Proceedings: Meeting Abstract Supplement 15492, 2013, Vol. 2013, s. 15492-15492Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyzed the behaviour of family owners in the relationship with non-family managers, focusing on the CEO replacement decision. We compared family and non- family controlled companies and explored the differences among family firms with respect to relevant governance attributes. We perform our analysis on data drawn from a panel of Italian listed companies over a 10 year period. Our results suggest that family owners are special category of major shareholders with respect to (1) the definition of goals that the CEO must pursue and (2) the characteristics of the monitoring process.

  • 32.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Visintin, Francesca
    University of Udine, Italy.
    The adoption of high-performance work systems in family versus non-family SMEs: The moderating effect of organizational size2013Ingår i: Handbook of Research on Family Business / [ed] Kosmas X. Smyrnios, Panikkos Z. Poutziouris and Sanjay Goel, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, 2, s. 406-424Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 33.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Visintin, Francesca
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Baù, Massimo
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Mazzurana, Paola
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Collaborative technology strategies and innovation in family firms2013Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, ISSN 1368-275X, E-ISSN 1741-5098, Vol. 17, nr 1/2/3, s. 8-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the fundamental importance of innovation capabilities for firms 'competitiveness worldwide, in this paper we contribute to filling the research gap in the literature on the innovation processes carried out by family firms, focusing in particular on product innovation strategies. We first assess whether family firms, compared with non-family firms, are more likely to engage in explorative or exploitative innovation strategies; then, we focus on the way family firms manage their access to technology (technology sourcing) to pursue product innovation strategies, evaluating: 1) the extent to which family firms activate external networking strategies to carry out product/service innovation; 2) which kind of networking strategy, exploration-or exploitation-oriented, is more likely to be implemented by family firms. Our results suggest that family firms, compared with non-family firms, rely more on exploration-oriented alliances; the technology sourcing strategy tends to shift towards exploitation goals as organisational knowledge codification and formalisation take place.

  • 34.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Visintin, Francesca
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
    Lauto, Giancarlo
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
    A configurational analysis of the antecedents of entrepreneurial orientation2017Ingår i: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 224-237Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial orientation is widely acknowledged as a strong predictor of firm performance. It is therefore critical to understand the factors and conditions that nurture it. In this paper, we investigate what configurations of motivations and personality traits trigger entrepreneurial orientation in three strategic leadership situations: successor of a family business, family-oriented founder, non-family founder. Strategic leaders in these situations are differently exposed to the opportunities and constraints to pursue entrepreneurial posture, because of the influence of family embeddedness and organizational resistance. We apply Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis to a sample of 257 Italian SME owner/managers. We identify 12 coherent configurations of internal and external motivations, and personality traits that are all conducive to entrepreneurial orientation. These configurations are consistent with features of the family and organization environments in which the entrepreneurial action takes place; furthermore, in each strategic leadership situation, different configurations of attributes lead to entrepreneurial orientation.

  • 35.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Visintin, Francesca
    University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
    Lauto, Giancarlo
    University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
    Fly Away From the Nest?: A Configurational Analysis of Family Embeddedness and Individual Attributes in the Entrepreneurial Entry Decision by Next-Generation Members2018Ingår i: Family Business Review, ISSN 0894-4865, E-ISSN 1741-6248, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 271-294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to determine how family embeddedness conditions combine with the goals and attributes of individuals with a family business background to engender to two patterns of entrepreneurship: succession in the family business and foundation of a new venture. Our empirical study is conducted using 169 cases of entrepreneurs operating in Italy. Inductively building on the configurations derived from the analysis, we suggest a series of theoretical propositions focusing on family embeddedness, individual attributes, and entrepreneurial paths of next-generation family business members.

  • 36.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Visintin, Francesca
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Lenger, Tamara
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Sternad, Dietmar
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Are high performance work practices really necessary in family SMEs?: An analysis of the impact on employee retention2016Ingår i: The Journal of Family Business Strategy, ISSN 1877-8585, E-ISSN 1877-8593, nr 2, s. 75-89Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines the adoption of high-performance work practices (HPWPs) in family versus non-family firms, and evaluates the effect of such practices on the retention of valuable employees in light of different family contingencies. The analysis is carried out on a sample of 232 companies with more than 10 and less than 250 employees, operating in Austria and Hungary. The results indicate that the relational mechanisms originating from the family social capital may act as substitutes of formal practices aimed at fostering employee involvement and commitment and that those mechanisms depend on the extent family involvement in the governance of the business.

  • 37.
    Pittino, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Visintin, Francesca
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Mazzurana, Paola A.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Alliance governance in entrepreneurial firms: the influence of family control and organizational size2017Ingår i: Handbook of Research on Corporate Governance and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Jonas Gabrielsson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, s. 227-247Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 38.
    Sanchez-Famoso, Valeriano
    et al.
    University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Spain.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Maseda, Amaia
    University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Spain.
    Iturralde, Txomin
    University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Spain.
    Social capital and innovation in family firms: The moderating roles of family control and generational involvement2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 35, nr 3, artikel-id 101043Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on the social capital literature, we examine whether the co-existence of distinct yetinteracting social groups, namely family and non-family members, creates the conditions forincreased family firm innovation. In particular, we theorize that family and non-family socialcapital have a joint positive effect on family firm innovation and this joint effect is stronger thanthe single effects of family and non-family social capital. In addition, we predict that while familycontrol has a positive moderating effect, generational involvement has a negative moderatingeffect on the above-mentioned relationship. With supportive empirical results, our research makesimportant contributions to the existing literature.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2021-04-13 00:00
  • 39.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Assessing the effect of different dimensions of top management team diversity on the growth of university-based spin-off firms2015Ingår i: New technology-based firms in the new millennium / [ed] Aard Groen, Gary Cook, Peter Van Der Sijde, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, s. 173-186Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we aim at examining the influence of early top management teams (TMTs) on the growth performance of university-based spin-off firms, presenting an empirical research on spin-off companies in Italy. The chapter proceeds along the following lines. First we describe the context of analysis, briefly reviewing the literature on TMT and performance. In the second section we outline the hypotheses of our research. The third section describes the sample and the method for the empirical analysis. The fourth section presents and discusses the results. In the last section we highlight the main implications and limitations of our results and suggest further lines of research.

  • 40.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, DanielHögskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Fast Growing Firms in a Slow Growth Economy: Institutional Conditions for Innovation2016Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe needs more innovative companies that grow quickly and end up big. This book examines SME growth, innovation and success, to suggest that fast growing firms could offer a major contribution to the recovery of a European economy. The contributors examine 11 case studies from Italian firms, breaking the book up into three parts: context, actors and strategy. The topics discussed include entrepreneurship and technological clusters, innovative start-ups and growth factors, and family firms as the incubators of new ventures.

  • 41.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Founding team composition and early performance of university-based spin-off companies2014Ingår i: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 31-43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The start-up of business ventures (university spin-offs-USOs) is an important channel that universities can use to transfer the results of public research to the economic system. Several empirical investigations however show that the majority of public-research spin-offs perform rather poorly (see for example Mustar et al., 2008. Science and Public Policy 35(2), 67-80). Therefore, identifying and analysing the obstacles that limit the success of this type of high-tech start-ups appears extremely important to better understand and, where possible, leverage their potential contributions in terms of innovation and growth. The existing literature on the performance of USOs studies these companies as any other high-tech start up, overlooking the peculiarities related to the presence of academic personnel in the entrepreneurial/management team. The aim of this paper is to fill this gap by analysing the relationship between founding teams and USO performance through a multi-level approach to the team demography. In particular, we try to account for some of the peculiar features which may shape the functioning of USO founding teams and arise mostly from the need to properly balance the scientific and commercial orientation with one another. The empirical analysis, carried out on a sample of 103 Italian USOs, shows that founding teams with a composition that promotes simultaneously differentiation and integration of academic and non-academic profiles, exhibit superior levels of performance in terms of growth.

  • 42.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Organizational culture, entrepreneurial orientation and growth in family firms: A case study from a mature industry2011Ingår i: International Journal of Management Cases, ISSN 1741-6264, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 43-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a case study to describe how organizational culture influences the growth processes of the family firm through its impact on entrepreneurial orientation and family firm's goals. The case shows that growth processes of family business may occur not through an holistic strategy aimed at the maximization of the overall value of the activities, but focusing on those activities that can have a positive impact on the family firm's identity, even through the pursuit of non economic goals.

  • 43.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Minichilli, Allessandro
    Bocconi Universitt, Italy.
    Financial performance and non‐family CEO turnover in private family firms under different conditions of ownership and governance2017Ingår i: Corporate governance: An International Review, ISSN 0964-8410, E-ISSN 1467-8683, Vol. 25, nr 5, s. 312-337Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Manuscript Type: Empirical 

    Research Question/Issue

    Family firms, as insider-controlled companies, should be less likely to exhibit CEO turnover after poor performance and may thus promote enhanced focus on long-term goals. However, when a non-family CEO is in charge, the relatively limited empirical evidence is contrasting. Some studies find that only family CEOs are immune from the threat of dismissal following poor financial performance, while other studies show that family firms discipline their CEOs for poor financial performance regardless of their family status. In this work, we try to reconcile these contrasting findings and investigate what ownership and governance conditions influence the owners’ pressure on the CEO to achieve short-term financial results.

    Research findings/insights

    Drawing on a longitudinal dataset that covers the entire population of Italian medium and large family companies, we find that when family ownership is concentrated in the hands of few family shareholders or there is a low number of family members involved in the board of directors, non-family CEOs are less likely to be dismissed after poor performance.

    Theoretical/Academic Implications

    Our study, adopting the behavioral agency theory as the guiding framework, highlights the importance for governance decisions of the potential goal divergence among principals in closely held ownership structures. Our results also add to the still scant literature on the relationship between family owners and non-family CEOs.

    Practitioner/Policy Implications

    Our research suggests that, in the decision to hire a non-family CEO, family business owners should not only assess their gaps in managerial skills but also carefully consider the ownership structure and family involvement conditions. On the side of professional non-family managers, our results offer insights on ways to address the employment relationship with the controlling family.

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