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  • 1.
    Abreu, Maria
    et al.
    University of Cambridge, Department of Land Economy, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). University of Cambridge, Department of Land Economy, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Brouwer, Aleid
    University of Groningen, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, Groningen, Netherlands.
    van Leeuwen, Eveline
    Urban Economics Group, Wageningen University, Netherlands.
    Well-being effects of self-employment: A spatial inquiry2019Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 589-607Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our paper presents an empirical analysis of entrepreneurial well-being using a large-scale longitudinal household survey from the UK that tracks almost 50,000 individuals across seven waves over the period 2009–2017, as well as a number of exploratory case studies. We contribute to the existing literature by investigating how entrepreneurial well-being varies across locations along the urban-rural continuum, and across wealthy-deprived neighbourhoods. We use a Coarsened Exact Matching (CEM) approach to compare the well-being outcomes of individuals who switch into self-employment from waged employment, and show that entrepreneurial well-being, in the form of job satisfaction, is significantly higher for those living in semi-urban locations, relative to those living in urban and rural locations. We argue that semi-urban locations provide an optimal combination of ease of doing business and quality of life. Our results also show that individuals in wealthy neighbourhoods who switch into self-employment experience higher job satisfaction than otherwise comparable individuals living in materially deprived neighbourhoods, although the latter experience greater levels of life satisfaction following the switch. 

  • 2.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Sex business in the toy store: A narrative analysis of a teaching case2007Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 673-693Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a narrative analysis of an entrepreneurship case performed from a post-structuralist feminist perspective. Acknowledging the social construction of reality, gender is conceptualized as performed rather than as an essential quality attached to male and female bodies. The analysis finds that the case reproduces discriminatory gender relations. While using such cases in entrepreneurship training may teach pragmatic lessons, they also teach women that there is no place for them in business. Suggestions for improvement include cases with female protagonists, gender-inclusive language, stories that challenge received entrepreneurship ideas, and the introduction of narrative analysis to enrich students' learning opportunities.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 3.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Nelson, Teresa
    Simmons College, Boston USA.
    How policy positions women entrepreneurs: A comparative analysis of state discourse in Sweden and the United States2015Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 273-291Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This research compares the positioning of women entrepreneurs through entrepreneurship policy over two decades (1989–2012) in Sweden and the United States. Given Sweden’s uniquely family-friendly welfare state, we could expect different results, yet in both countries we find a legacy of discourse subordinating women’s entrepreneurship to other goals (i.e., economic growth) and a positioning of women as ‘other’, reinforcing a dialogue of women’s inadequacy or extraordinariness without taking full account of the conditions shaping women’s work experience. From this analysis we derive a conceptual schematic of assumptions presented through the discourse, aligning and distinguishing the U.S. and Swedish approaches

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Andric, M.
    et al.
    Swiss Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, University of St. Gallen, Dufourstrasse 40a, St. Gallen, CH-9000, Switzerland.
    Hsueh, Josh Wei-Jun
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Zellweger, T.
    Swiss Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, University of St. Gallen, Dufourstrasse 40a, St. Gallen, CH-9000, Switzerland.
    Hatak, I.
    Swiss Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, University of St. Gallen, Dufourstrasse 40a, St. Gallen, CH-9000, Switzerland.
    Parental divorce in early life and entrepreneurial performance in adulthood2024Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 39, nr 3, artikel-id 106390Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how parental divorce in early life affects performance in entrepreneurship in adulthood. Drawing on life course theory and empirical analyses of US self-employment and childhood data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, we show that entrepreneurs' experience of parental divorce in childhood benefits their entrepreneurial performance in adulthood through a gain in self-efficacy while simultaneously suppressing entrepreneurial performance through a shortfall in human capital. We also show that whether the performance advantages or disadvantages from parental divorce dominate depends on parental human capital. While parental divorce is associated with underperformance for entrepreneurs whose parents have high levels of human capital, it is positively related to entrepreneurial performance for those with low parental human capital. Our study contributes new theory and evidence on the intertemporal relationship between past family contexts and present entrepreneurial performance.

  • 5.
    Bradley, Steven W.
    et al.
    Hankamer School of Business, Baylor University.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Shepherd, Dean A.
    Kelley School of Business, Indiana University.
    Swinging a double-edged sword: The effect of slack on entrepreneurial management and growth2011Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 537-554Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Resource slack represents a double-edged sword, simultaneously fueling and hindering growth. Drawing on Penrose's growth theory and Stevenson's entrepreneurial management theory, we have developed and tested a conceptual model that provides a more nuanced account of the resource slack–growth relationship. Using a large dataset spanning six years, we have found that slack has a positive direct effect on growth but a negative effect on entrepreneurial management, and that entrepreneurial management has a positive effect on growth. Our empirical and conceptual findings are important to the development of firm growth theory and explicate causal mechanisms transforming slack into firm-level outcomes.

  • 6.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entreprenörskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Patzelt, Holger
    Sheperd, Dean
    Managers' Emotional Displays and Employees' Willingness to Act Entrepreneurially2008Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 221-243Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 7. Chandler, G. N.
    et al.
    Honig, Benson
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. School of Business and Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ont., Canada.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Stockholm School of Economics, Center for Entrepreneurship and Business Creation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Antecedents, moderators, and performance consequences of membership change in new venture teams2005Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 20, nr 5, s. 705-725Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on initial team size and membership change of new venture teams in two studies: (1) a panel study of 408 emerging ventures, and (2) a cross-sectional study of 124 new ventures. The findings suggest that larger initial team size provides an advantage for new organizations, and that the benefits of adding and dropping team members are contingent on the stage of development of the organization and the dynamism of the environment. Both external environment and team composition factors are associated with turnover in venture teams.

  • 8. Chandler, Gaylen
    et al.
    McKelvie, Alexander
    Davidsson, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Asset specificity and behavioral uncertainty as moderators of the sales growth: employment growth relationship in emerging ventures2009Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 373-387Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9. Chandler, G.N.
    et al.
    Honig, B.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Antecedents, moderators and performance consequences of membership changes in new venture teams2005Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 20, nr 5, s. 705-725Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ireland, R. Duane
    Pittino, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Sanchez-Famoso, Valeriano
    Radical Innovation in (Multi)family Owned Firms2022Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 37, nr 3, artikel-id 106194Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By integrating organizational learning theory with the family firm literature, we seek to enhance our understanding of radical innovation in (multi)family-owned firms. We theorize that the goal diversity and path dependency that multifamily ownership creates negatively affects the positive relationship between knowledge integration and radical innovation. However, this is not the case for multifamily-owned firms in which family members embrace a commitment to change. We contend that commitment to change mitigates the negative moderating effect of multifamily ownership by ensuring the effective translation of integrated knowledge into radical innovation within the firm. Overall, our results highlight the complexity of radical innovation in (multi)family-owned firms as a product of the joint effect of knowledge integration, the number of unrelated owning families, and a commitment to change.

  • 11.
    Crawford, G. C.
    et al.
    Ohio University, College of Business, Athens, United States.
    Aguinis, H.
    Indiana University, Kelley School of Business, Bloomington, United States.
    Lichtenstein, B.
    University of Massachusetts-Boston, College of Management, Boston, United States.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Queensland Univ Technol, Sch Business, Brisbane, Australia.
    McKelvey, B.
    Kedge Business Sch, Dept Management, Marseille, France.
    Power law distributions in entrepreneurship: Implications for theory and research2015Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 30, nr 5, s. 696-713Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A long-held assumption in entrepreneurship research is that normal (i.e., Gaussian) distributions characterize variables of interest for both theory and practice. We challenge this assumption by examining more than 12,000 nascent, young, and hyper-growth firms. Results reveal that variables which play central roles in resource-, cognition-, action-, and environment-based entrepreneurship theories exhibit highly skewed power law distributions, where a few outliers account for a disproportionate amount of the distribution's total output. Our results call for the development of new theory to explain and predict the mechanisms that generate these distributions and the outliers therein. We offer a research agenda, including a description of non-traditional methodological approaches, to answer this call. 

  • 12.
    Criaco, G.
    et al.
    Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands.
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    A chip off the old block: Founders' prior experience and the geographic diversification of export sales in international new ventures2024Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 39, nr 1, artikel-id 106343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Integrating the cognition literature in entrepreneurship and strategy with the career imprinting literature, we propose that the geographic diversification of export sales in international new ventures (INVs) resembles that of their founders' most recent (geographically diversified) employer because founders bear a repertoire of the ‘logics of action’ from their employers regarding how to diversify geographically. We then propose two boundary conditions that influence the relationship between the geographic diversification of export sales of founders' most recent employers and that of their INVs: length of exposure and time since last exposure to their most recent geographically diversified employer. We test these hypotheses using longitudinal data on a sample of 3420 INVs. Our findings broadly support our theoretical propositions except for the moderating role of founders' length of exposure.

  • 13.
    Criaco, G.
    et al.
    Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands.
    van Oosterhout, J. H.
    Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands.
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). House of Innovation, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Is blood always thicker than water?: Family firm parents, kinship ties, and the survival of spawns2021Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 36, nr 6, artikel-id 106161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We theorize that due to their ability to draw upon the distinctive bonding and bridging social capital resources of their family firm parents, family member spawns have longer early survival times than nonfamily member spawns from family firms, which in turn should have longer early survival times than spawns from nonfamily firm parents. We also predict that the survival enhancing effects of family parent bonding and bridging social capital are conditional on the spatial, cognitive and social proximity between the parent and the spawn. Using a population wide sample of 114,837 spawns founded in Sweden between 2000 and 2007, we find that nonfamily member spawns survive longer than spawns from nonfamily firms, and that this survival enhancing effect is contingent on the spatial and social proximity between the spawn and its parent. We also find that spawns founded by family members, on average, do not survive longer than spawns from family firms founded by nonfamily members, and that greater spatial and cognitive distance even hurt the survival of family member spawns. We discuss the contributions of our research to the spawning, family firm, and entrepreneurship literatures.

  • 14.
    Dahlqvist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    The market newness of new venturesIngår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Dahlqvist, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Measuring the market newness of new ventures2012Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 185-196Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present lack of instruments for measuring entrepreneurial opportunity is hampering progress in entrepreneurship research and fundamental hypotheses about opportunity variance are not being tested. This paper sets out to validate a measure of market newness in new ventures based in Austrian Economics, assuming a view of opportunity as objective and discoverable. Empirically, a sample of 250 new internal ventures in gestation was examined regarding to whom these ventures presented something new in terms of geographical extension or new customer groups. The measure improves on existing instruments by providing more intrinsic range while being firmly anchored in an Austrian Economics framework.

  • 16.
    Davidsson, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research, Queensland University of Technology, Australia.
    Entrepreneurial opportunities and the entrepreneurship nexus: A re-conceptualization2015Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 30, nr 5, s. 674-695Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on "entrepreneurial opportunities" has grown rapidly since the publication of Shane and Venkataraman (2000). By directing attention to the earliest stages of development of new economic activities and organizations, this marks sound redirection of entrepreneurship research. However, our review shows that theoretical and empirical progress has been limited on important aspects of the role of "opportunities" and their interaction with actors, i.e., the "nexus". We argue that this is rooted in inherent and inescapable problems with the "opportunity" construct itself, when applied in the context of a prospective, micro-level (i.e., individual[s], venture, or individual-venture dyad) view of entrepreneurial processes. We therefore suggest a fundamental re-conceptualization using the constructs External Enablers, New Venture Ideas, and Opportunity Confidence to capture the many important ideas commonly discussed under the "opportunity" label. This re-conceptualization makes important distinctions where prior conceptions have been blurred: between explananda and explanantia; between actor and the entity acted upon; between external conditions and subjective perceptions, and between the contents and the favorability of the entity acted upon. These distinctions facilitate theoretical precision and can guide empirical investigation towards more fruitful designs.

  • 17.
    Davidsson, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Organisation, Ledarskap, Strategi och Entreprenörskap. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research, Queensland University of Technology, Australia.
    Grégoire, Denis A.
    HEC Montréal, 3000, Chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
    Lex, Maike
    Daimler Truck AG, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Venture Idea Assessment (VIA): Development of a needed concept, measure, and research agenda2021Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 36, nr 5, artikel-id 106130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To address challenges constraining prior research on evaluation of entrepreneurial projects, we develop the concept of Venture Idea Assessment (VIA) and validate an instrument to capture it. VIA concerns the assessment of Venture Ideas (VI) unbundled from assessment of any agents with whom they may be associated. The assessment can be performed by anybody at any stage of the venture development process, not just by potential founders at its outset. We develop and validate a parsimonious VIA measure across six empirical studies using a broad set of assessors and VIs using interviews, experiments and surveys following real-world start-up processes and decisions. In a research agenda we outline how the VIA platform—the concept and its operationalization—can be employed in novel research across various streams of entrepreneurship research. 

  • 18.
    Davidsson, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entreprenörskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Honig, Benson
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel.
    The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs2003Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 301-331Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines nascent entrepreneurship by comparing individuals engaged in nascent activities (n=380) with a control group (n=608), after screening a sample from the general population (n=30,427). The study then follows the developmental process of nascent entrepreneurs for 18 months. Bridging and bonding social capital, consisting of both strong and weak ties, was a robust predictor for nascent entrepreneurs, as well as for advancing through the start-up process. With regard to outcomes like first sale or showing a profit, only one aspect of social capital, viz. being a member of a business network, had a statistically significant positive effect. The study supports human capital in predicting entry into nascent entrepreneurship, but only weakly for carrying the start-up process towards successful completion.

  • 19.
    Davidsson, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Steffens, P.
    Fitzsimmons, J.
    Growing profitable or growing from profits: Putting the horse in front of the cart?2009Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 388-406Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20. Delmar, Frédéric
    et al.
    Davidsson, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Gartner, William
    Arriving at the high growth firm2003Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 189-216Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Genedy, Mohamed A.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Hellerstedt, Karin
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Wiklund, Johan
    Syracuse University, Martin J. Whitman School of Management, Department of Entrepreneurship and Emerging Enterprises, Syracuse, NY, United States of America.
    Growing pains in scale-ups: How scaling affects new venture employee burnout and job satisfaction2024Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 39, nr 2, artikel-id 106367Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although academic interest in organizational scaling is growing, extant research has focused primarily on the antecedents and processes, neglecting how employees experience scaling. Drawing on the scale-up, firm growth, and well-being literature, we take an employee perspective to examine the impact of scaling on employee burnout and job satisfaction. Using a sample of 10,908 new venture employees in Sweden, we show that scaling is positively associated with employee burnout, and negatively with job satisfaction. We also show that the link between scaling, burnout, and job satisfaction depends on whether the employee is in a managerial position or has prior new venture experience.

  • 22.
    Honig, Benson
    University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
    Human capital and structural upheaval: A study of manufacturing firms in the west bank2001Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 16, nr 6, s. 575-594Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms in various worldwide locations are repeatedly subjected to radical political, economic, and social upheavals, including changes in administrative governance, new economic paradigms, natural disasters, and warfare. Perhaps because of the difficulty of conducting research in these environments, little is known regarding the unique requirements of entrepreneurs and their business organizations in such troubled locations. Reliable research and information is necessary in order to design and assess methods of providing institutional support both during, and after, such turmoil. Based on data collected from field interviews over a six-month period, this article examines the characteristics of the owners of 64 small manufacturing businesses that have undergone or were experiencing radical political and economic upheaval in the West Bank town of Ramallah in the Palestinian Territories. The objective of the study is to examine characteristics that influence and assist an entrepreneur's resource allocation decision-making processes. This was done by comparatively assessing the effects on profitability of both firm and individual assets in a highly constrained rapidly changing environment. Understanding this allocation process will lead to more effective targeted assistance in regions experiencing or exiting environmental transitions and upheavals. Human capital theory is utilized in this study as a framework for understanding the comparative response of owners to reallocate resources under the stressful environment of the pre- and post-intifada West Bank territories. While human capital has been well studied in literature examining resource allocation in "typical" competitive environments, our understanding of the influence of human capital in transitional environments is quite limited. This study provides some useful, and perhaps surprising results, from both theoretical and practical perspectives. Owner's human capital (coded from formal education) was found to impact profitability only with the micro firms studied (those with three or fewer employees), however, it is possible that this finding reflects dilution of human capital in comparatively larger small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). One interesting departure from similar studies is that experience was not found to affect the profitability of the firm. Plant capital, on the other hand, was found to be associated with the profitability of only larger SMEs, controlling for business age and experience of the owner. This finding is significant because, presently, institutions such as the World Bank, NGOs and national development agencies focus their efforts primarily on providing credit to small businesses, whereas training and education currently are somewhat out of favor. A model is proposed in this study comparing resource requirements according to both the size and the productivity/technological level of the firm. The object is to explain the reduced importance of human capital and experience in environments of radical transition, specifically the arbitrary nature and lack of predictability of transitional governance, and the increased importance of financial capital only with large SMEs. It is argued that skills acquired in functional expertise do not necessarily prepare an entrepreneur for the abrupt environmental transformations characteristic of tumultuous political events. This research suggests that owners are in a better position to maximize their cognitive skills in decision making within smaller organizations. However, these skills are naturally diffused and so less effective at influencing the outcomes of somewhat larger organizations. Larger SMEs are necessarily more capital intensive and more bureaucratic, and so the cumulative human capital at the organizational level may be more important to allocative efficiency than the human capital of the individual firm owner. Further, larger SMEs require organizational expertise that may not be captured in the individual level characteristics of entrepreneurs. This research suggests that efforts to support such environments should carefully consider the size of the firms in question before designing and implementing programs of assistance, differentiating microenterprises from small businesses. In particular, the findings of this study suggest that smaller firms experiencing rapid environmental upheaval will benefit most from formal education, training and advice. Larger firms, in contrast, appear to benefit most from loans providing traditional capital support, and from advice across the entire firm's human capital base, particularly regarding organizational management and delegation skills. © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc.

  • 23.
    Honig, Benson
    Tel Aviv International School of Management, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    What determines success?: Examining the human, financial, and social capital of Jamaican microentrepreneurs1998Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 13, nr 5, s. 371-394Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines the performance of 215 informal microenterprises in Jamaica, studying the influence of human capital, social capital, and financial capital of the owners on their business profitability. Understanding the importance of particular relationships that result in successful micro-businesses is important for a number of reasons. First, among many developing countries, the growth of microenterprise provides the most visibly vibrant and growing economic activity. Although considerable effort and resources are being directed toward microenterprise promotion schemes, empirical research on the subject is quite limited. Second, economies in developing countries mirror many of the social and institutional problems existent in urban economically disadvantaged areas of the United States and other developed countries. For these areas, microenterprise may be an essential component of urban renewal and community development. This study helps in identifying important characteristics of social and individual attributes that may be relevant to those attempting to strengthen this subsector. Finally, this study seeks to provide insight into a dimension of microbusiness research for which there are limited data, specifically, the role that social capital plays among practicing entrepreneurs and owners. This research found that different structural environments, even within a singular and small economy, may considerably alter the rates of return to human, social, and financial capital. As a result, the analysis of enterprises includes segmentation according to both the usage, or not, of employees, and the sophistication of the technologies used. Several factors were determined to enhance the profitability of the businesses in all categories. Vocational training, for example, demonstrated consistently strong and positive effects. Mother's high occupational status (a proxy for socioeconomic status) and years of experience in the business were also consistently positive and strongly associated with increasing profits. Although additional starting capital played an important role for both the businesses with and without employees, increasing amounts failed to differentiate the success of those firms that were already operating in the higher technological tier. Obtaining a small business loan acted in a similar manner, enhancing the profitability of all firms, except those segmented into a high technological tier. One interpretation of this finding is that the role of technological choice is extremely important, and appears to dwarf that of varying amounts of starting capital. Social capital, as operationalized by frequent church attendance and marital status of the owner, was found generally to increase the profitability of the business. The data demonstrate that social networks play an important role in the success of these businesses, and that conditions in the highest tier utilize social capital in a somewhat unique manner.

  • 24.
    Jenkins, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Brundin, Ethel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Individual responses to firm failure: Appraisals, grief, and the influence of prior failure experience2014Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 17-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a systematic assessment of how entrepreneurs react to firmfailure. We use appraisal theory as an overarching theoretical framework andhypothesize that the more the failure experience is appraised as stressful interms of its implications for harm or loss, the greater the feelings of grief. Totest this hypothesis we developed a unique database of entrepreneurs whorecently filed for firm bankruptcy. Our results support that there is greatvariation in responses to firm failure, and we provide theoretically validexplanations to why this is the case. These findings have substantialimplications for how scholars conceive and theorize about entrepreneurialfailure.

  • 25.
    Karlsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Honig, Benson
    Wilfrid Laurier University, School of Business and Economics, Waterloo, Ont., Canada.
    Judging a business by its cover: An institutional perspective on new ventures and the business plan2009Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 27-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Business plans are widely spread among new businesses, and they are supported by various universities, governmental assistance agencies, management consultants and a wide array of literature. Business plans are often taken for granted as highly useful tools that should be frequently updated and used. This study is based on data from six companies and their environments, over five years, using several forms of data collection such as interviews, observations, and archival data. In contrast to previous studies, we found that initial conformity to business plan norms gradually and without exception lead to loose coupling. Entrepreneurs who wrote business plans never updated or rarely referred to their plans after writing them.

  • 26.
    Lin, Nidthida
    et al.
    Macquarie Business School, Macquarie University, North Ryde, 2109, NSW, Australia.
    Wilden, Ralf
    Macquarie Business School, Macquarie University, North Ryde, 2109, NSW, Australia.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Macquarie Business School, Macquarie University, North Ryde, 2109, NSW, Australia.
    Ghasrodashti, Elahe
    Macquarie Business School, Macquarie University, North Ryde, 2109, NSW, Australia.
    DeTienne, Dawn R.
    Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 80523, CO, United States.
    Persist or Let it Go: Do Rational Entrepreneurs Make Decisions Rationally?2022Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 37, nr 4, artikel-id 106210Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We theorize that both highly rational entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs with a high need for cognitive closure (NFCC) are likely to put more emphasis on retrospective factors (period and degree of underperformance, personal investments) and less on prospective factors (risk of going into default, potential for growth, personal options) when deciding whether to persist with an underperforming venture. Our findings from three discrete choice experiments with three independent samples of entrepreneurs (a sample of 176 Australian entrepreneurs; a narrow-replication with 128 Australian entrepreneurs; and a quasi-replication with 157 United Kingdom entrepreneurs) consistently show that entrepreneurs who perceive themselves as rational do not always demonstrate rational behavior and entrepreneurs with a high NFCC put more emphasis on retrospective factors in persistence decisions. Important theoretical and practical contributions flowing from our study are shared in the concluding section.

  • 27.
    Naldi, Lucia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Davidsson, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
    Entrepreneurial growth: the role of international knowledge acquisition as moderated by firm age2014Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 29, nr 5, s. 687-703Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In line with repeated recent calls for research on specific forms of growth rather than on an undifferentiated notion of “total growth,” our study contributes to the understanding of entrepreneurial growth. By this we mean growth through expansion into new geographic markets and/or via the introduction of new products or services. Building on Penrose's theory of the growth of the firm and on the research streams she has in part inspired, we investigate the impact of knowledge acquisition from international markets on entrepreneurial growth both at home and abroad. We further suggest that the effects of international knowledge acquisition on entrepreneurial growth will vary with firm age. Utilizing longitudinal data on 138 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), we find that the acquisition of knowledge from international markets fuels growth through market development, and that this effect is stronger for international expansion than domestic expansion. Our results also show that firm age negatively moderates the relationship between international knowledge acquisition and entrepreneurial growth via the introduction of new products or services. Specifically, international knowledge acquisition has a positive effect on growth via new products/services development in young firms, but a negative effect in mature firms. We assume this reflects changes over time in how international knowledge is managed.

  • 28.
    Perez-Luño, Ana
    et al.
    Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Valle Cabrera, Ramón
    Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain.
    The dual nature of innovative activity: How Entrepreneurial Orientation influences innovation generation and adoption2011Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 25, nr 5, s. 555-571Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes two modes of innovation that differ in their scope of newness — innovation generation and adoption. Building a theoretical model based on the Entrepreneurial Orientation literature and utilizing a unique sample of innovating firms, we find that 54% adopt innovations of other firms, 7% generate innovations internally whereas 39% combine the two. We also find that proactivity and risk taking influence the number of innovations generated and the extent to which firms favor generation over adoption and that environmental dynamism moderates one of these relationships. These findings add to the innovation and Entrepreneurial Orientation literatures.

  • 29.
    Shepherd, Dean A.
    et al.
    Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, USA.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entreprenörskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Haynie, J. M.
    Department of Entrepreneurship and Emerging Enterprises, Whitman School of Management, Syracuse University, USA.
    Moving forward: Balancing the financial and emotional costs of business failure2009Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 134-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do owner-managers delay business failure when it is financially costly to do so? In this paper we acknowledge that delaying business failure can be financially costly to the owner-manager and the more costly the delay, the more difficult the recovery. But we complement this financial perspective by introducing the notion of anticipatory grief as a mechanism for reducing the level of grief triggered by the failure event, which reduces the emotional costs of business failure. We propose that under some circumstances delaying business failure can help balance the financial and emotional costs of business failure to enhance an owner-manager's overall recovery — some persistence may be beneficial to recovery and promote subsequent entrepreneurial action.

  • 30.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Entrepreneurship & Family Firm Institute (EFFI), EBS Universität für Wirtschaft und Recht, Oestrich-Winkel, Germany.
    Kammerlander, Nadine
    Institute of Family Business and Mittelstand, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Vallendar, Germany.
    Wiedeler, Conrad
    Institute of Family Business and Mittelstand, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Vallendar, Germany.
    Configurations for corporate venture innovation: Investigating the role of the dominant coalition2021Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 36, nr 5, artikel-id 106137Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations often create new businesses, so-called corporate ventures (CVs), with the purpose of fostering innovation. However, not all venture initiatives turn out to be innovative. Prior research in particular refers to the ambivalent role of the parent firm's dominant coalition in fostering or hindering innovation in CVs. Using a configurational (fsQCA) approach, we investigate the interplay of five key conditions at the parent firm, the parent firm-venture intersection, and venture levels that potentially drive CV innovation. Building on 62 interviews from 43 corporate ventures, we identify four equifinal configurations and outline four roles that the dominant coalition plays in creating CV innovation. This study contributes to the understanding of which CV configurations drive innovation, extends the role of the dominant coalition in corporate venturing, and shows how dominant coalition involvement can replace autonomy as a driver of innovation.

  • 31.
    Wennberg, Karl
    et al.
    Imperial College London.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    DeTienne, Dawn R
    Colorado State University.
    Cardon, Melissa S
    Pace University.
    Reconceptualizing entrepreneurial exit: Divergent exit routes and their drivers2010Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 361-375Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop a conceptual model of entrepreneurial exit which includes exit through liquidation and firm sale for both firms in financial distress and firms performing well. This represents four distinct exit routes. In developing the model, we complement the prevailing theoretical framework of exit as a utility-maximizing problem among entrepreneurs with prospect theory and its recent applications in liquidation of investment decisions. We empirically test the model using two Swedish databases which follow 1,735 new ventures and their founders over eight years. We find that entrepreneurs exit from both firms in financial distress and firms performing well. In addition, commonly examined human capital factors (entrepreneurial experience, age, education) and failure-avoidance strategies (outside job, reinvestment) differ substantially across the four exit routes, explaining some of the discrepancies in earlier studies.

  • 32.
    Wiklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Baker, Ted
    Shepherd, Dean
    The age-effect of financial indicators as buffers against the liability of newness2010Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 423-437Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper builds on the liabilities of newness literature to suggest that accounting information is important for new firms. Using a sample of over 30,000 companies followed during their first 7 years of existence, we find evidence that financial indicators mitigate the liability of newness and that this buffering effect is stronger the younger the organization. These results represent three primary contributions to the literature. First, our conceptualization of accounting measures as indicators of external (creditworthiness enhancing legitimacy) as well as internal (targets for management) buffers to the liabilities of newness provides a novel way of viewing these constructs and explains why they are important to new firms despite their uncertainty and opacity. Second, we theoretically justify and empirically validate that these constructs are more important the younger the new firm is, which runs counter to the common wisdom of these constructs in the entrepreneurship literature. Third, we identify buffers against failure for new firms that are generalizable across industries.

  • 33.
    Wiklund, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Shepherd, D.A.
    Entrepreneurial orientation and small business performance: A Configurational Approach2005Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 71-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
1 - 33 av 33
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