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  • 1.
    Adlemo, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Fuzzy logic based decision-support for reshoring decisions2018In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Adlemo, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Knowledge intensive decision support for reshoring decisions2018In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual NOFOMA Conference: Relevant Logistics and Supply Chain Management Research, Kolding, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Adlemo, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Reshoring decision support in a Swedish context2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a decision-support system for reshoring decision-making based on fuzzy logic. The construction and functionality of the decision-support system are described, and the functionality is evaluated in a high cost environment exemplified through a Swedish context. Ten different reshoring scenarios, provided by Swedish reshoring experts, are entered into the decision-support system and the decision recommendations provided by the system are presented. The confidence that can be put on the recommendations is demonstrated by comparing them with those of the reshoring experts. The positive results obtained indicate that fuzzy logic is both feasible and that the quality of the results are sufficiently good for reshoring decision-making.

  • 4.
    Al Doory, Omar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University.
    Freytag, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University.
    Developing waste-to-energi in Brazil: A pre-feasbility study for a waste-to-energi plant in Santa Catarina, Brazil2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5.
    Albertzeth, Gustav
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Pujawan, I. Nyoman
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Tjahjono, Benny
    Centre for Business in Society, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Mitigating transportation disruptions in a supply chain: a cost-effective strategy2019In: International Journal of Logistics, ISSN 1367-5567, E-ISSN 1469-848XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation disruptions can be damaging to a supply chain because goods may not arrive on time and this jeopardises the service level to the customers. While supply chain disruptions have gained significant attention from scholars, little has been done to explore these disruptions in the context of transportation. The study described in this paper aims to address disruptions occurring in the transportation of goods from a plant to a distribution centre. We modelled this real case to obtain insights on the effectiveness of different strategies to mitigate transportation disruptions. We evaluated four mitigation strategies and compared the outcomes in terms of service level and total costs: (1) the risk acceptance strategy, (2) the redundant stock strategy, (3) the flexible route strategy, and (4) the redundant-flexibility strategy. The results suggest that the best strategy differs depending on the budget that managers are willing to deploy to improve the service level. The simulation experiments and the use of the Incremental Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) would be instrumental in helping decision makers in selecting the best disruption mitigation strategies where the best option would likely be different under varying circumstances. 

  • 6.
    Alm, Jonathan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    von Kiöhling, Marcus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Lagerstyrningsmetoders påverkan på totalkostnad: Möjliga ufall för lager med säsongsvarierad efterfrågan2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To analyze the impact on total cost by inventory control methods under the influence of seasonal demand. The purpose will be answered with following research questions:

    1. What inventory control methods can be used when there is seasonal demand?

    2. What is the impact of inventory control methods on total cost under the influence of seasonal

      demand?

    Method – The study was conducted as a case study and the empirical data was collected through interviews and document study. Both of these contributed to the basis for the analysis and for the calculations in the test of the study. Literature study was conducted and included theories for inventory control methods to answer the first research question, as well as formulas for the methods used to answer the second research question.

    Findings – It appears from the study, the inventory control methods that can be used when there is seasonal demand and during current planning environment is periodic ordering system and cycle service method. These have been tested further in the study. Seasonal index was considered an important method since it dimensions demand which to a high degree regulate the inventory levels and thereby the result of the inventory control methods. Further the study compares none theoretical inventory control methods and theoretical inventory control methods impact on total cost. It is shown that carrying costs, as a part of total cost, can be reduced by 25% during the peak season and 62% during off-season. This without changing the deliverability. Alternatively, the deliverability can be increased by 10% by using inventory control methods without increasing the total cost of the inventory.

    Implications – The theoretical contribution of the study is that it has increased the knowledge concerning inventory control methods when there is seasonal demand, and the possible results they might bring. The empirical contribution of the study is that companies can use the study as an indication of the economic benefits and motivation for implementing theoretical inventory control methods.

    Limitations – The tested inventory control methods did not alter the ordering cost, which to a high degree can have an impact on the total cost. The study also shows a possible impact on the inventory control during the current planning environment. If the planning environment changes, the result of the study can be different.

  • 7.
    Anderson, Janet E.
    et al.
    Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, King’s College London, London, UK.
    Robert, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, King’s College London, London, UK.
    Nunes, Francisco
    Department of Human Resources and Organizational Behavior, ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Bal, Roland
    Erasmus School of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Burnett, Susan
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgery & Cancer, Imperial College, UK.
    Karltun, Anette
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Sanne, Johan
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Aase, Karina
    SHARE—Centre for Resilience in Healthcare, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, Norway.
    Wiig, Siri
    SHARE—Centre for Resilience in Healthcare, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, Norway.
    Fulop, Naomi J.
    Department of Applied Health Research, University College London, UK.
    The QUASER Team, ,
    Translating research on quality improvement in five European countries into a reflective guide for hospital leaders: the ‘QUASER Hospital Guide’2019In: International Journal for Quality in Health Care, ISSN 1353-4505, E-ISSN 1464-3677Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim was to translate the findings of the QUASER study into a reflective, dialogic guide to help senior hospital leaders develop an organization wide QI strategy.

    Design: The QUASER study involved in depth ethnographic research into QI work and practices in two hospitals in each of five European countries. Three translational stakeholder workshops were held to review research findings and advise on the design of the Guide. An extended iterative process involving researchers from each participant country was then used to populate the Guide.

    Setting: The research was carried out in two hospitals in each of five European countries.

    Participants: In total, 389 interviews with healthcare practitioners and 803 hours of observations.

    Intervention: None.

    Main outcome measure: None.

    Results: The QUASER Hospital Guide was designed for leadership teams to diagnose their organization’s strengths and weaknesses in the eight QI challenges. The Guide supports organizational dialogue about QI challenges, enables leaders to share perspectives, and helps teams to develop solutions to their situated problems. The Guide includes extensive examples of QI strategies drawn from the data and is published online and on paper.

    Conclusion: The QUASER Hospital Guide is empirically based, draws on a dialogical approach to Organizational Development and complexity science and can facilitate hospital leadership teams to identify the best solutions for their organization.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Klingspor, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Materialflödeseffektivisering mellan godsmottagning och montering: en kartläggning av aktiviteter mellan godsmottagning och montering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the thesis is to explore potential enhancements for the material flow between the goods receiving and the assembly line. The purpose has been broken down to three research questions:

    • What activities affect the material flow between the goods receiving and the assembly line?
    • How does the activities affect the material flow between the goods receiving and the assembly line?
    • How can the material flow between the goods receiving and the assembly line be more efficient?

    Method – A pilot study was conducted to define a problem, which the purpose and research questions of the thesis was based on. A review of literature was carried out alongside a case study. Observations, document studies and interviews were the methods of choosing for the collection of data. To establish the theoretical framework a literature review was carried out. A comparison between the findings of the case study and theoretical framework answered the study’s research questions.

    Findings – The study identified several problems with an immediate impact on the material flow. Non-value adding operations such as material handling and stock locations ties capital and requires resources. To correctly share information and to have a close cooperation between departments is considered as an important factor for the material flow’s efficiency. By using line back principle non-value adding operations can be pushed upstream in the supply chain to enable an implementation of just in sequence.

    Implications – The studied area consists of already existing theories therefor no additional research has been contributed. However, a new aspect of already existing theory has enlightened the relationship between just in sequence and line back principle. Organizations can use the case study as a basis of discussion for a mapping and improvements of the material flow between the goods receiving and the assembly lines.

    Limitations – The thesis ability to generalize can be questioned since it consists of only one case company. The material flow was constantly in motion which complicated the collection of data. Therefor the findings of the study can be affected by this.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Roy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Bridi, Eduardo
    Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Baez, Yinef Pardillo
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, San Buenaventura University, Cali, Colombia.
    Maldonado, Mauricio Uriona
    Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Forcellini, Fernando Antônio
    Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Moraes, Fabio Cesar
    Municipality of São José, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Improvement in public administration services: a case of business registration process[Poboljšanje usluga javne uprave: Studija slucaja za registracije preduzeca]2018In: International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, ISSN 2217-2661, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 109-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work addresses the process of opening enterprises (grant of license) in a municipality. The purpose is to perform the identification, analysis and redesign of the process of granting permits to private companies, then making a proposal for improvement. The chosen method was a case study, using a qualitative approach according to the BPM methodology to respond: how to improve and accelerate the grant of a license? As a result, the proposed model used the best practices for business registration to reduce the time to 70%, and using half of the involved sectors. The conclusion is that it is possible to reduce bureaucracy and increase the efficiency of public administration with the applied methodology. 

  • 10.
    Anisimova, Tatiana Anatolevena
    et al.
    Linneuniversitet Ekonomihögskolan, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Weiss, Jan Frederic
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Mavondo, Felix T.
    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
    The influence of corporate brand perceptions on consumer satisfaction and loyalty via controlled and uncontrolled communications: a multiple mediation analysis2019In: Journal of Consumer Marketing, ISSN 0736-3761, E-ISSN 2052-1200, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 33-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Drawing on the stimulus–organism–response (S-O-R) model, the purpose of this study is to investigate mediating effects of controlled and uncontrolled communications of corporate brand perceptions on consumer satisfaction and loyalty.

    Design/methodology/approach: Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the hypotheses on a sample of 271 Australian automobile consumers.

    Findings: The authors find that while consumer satisfaction is indirectly influenced by corporate-level attributes via controlled and uncontrolled communication, the authors did not find an indirect effect between consumer benefits on consumer satisfaction via controlled and uncontrolled communication. By contrast, the authors find highly significant indirect effects – via controlled and uncontrolled communication as well as consumer satisfaction – for the relationship between, on the one hand, corporate-level attributes and consumer benefits and consumer brand loyalty on the other. Uncontrolled communication was significantly associated with consumer loyalty, a relevant finding that indicates an importance of tracking media coverage and maintaining favorable relationships with the media.

    Research limitations/implications: The cross-sectional method limits data collection to one point in time.

    Practical implications: This study adds to a better understanding of how to leverage corporate brand through communications in ways that it positively resonates with consumers. A fine-grained analysis of corporate brand attributes and consumer-perceived benefits can aid managers in developing specific and more effective marketing strategies.

    Originality/value: The overall thrust of this empirical study, which is to investigate how corporate brand perceptions influence short term (satisfaction) and long term (loyalty) via controlled and uncontrolled communications is original. This study comprehensively conceptualizes and operationalizes the corporate brand as a multidimensional construct consisting of corporate-level attributes and brand-level attributes such as perceived consumer benefits. To examine the hypothesized relationships between and among our constructs, the authors go beyond the commonly studied single mediator model and test a multiple mediator model instead.

  • 11.
    Anisimova, Tatiana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Mavondo, Felix T.
    Monash University, Department of Marketing, Melbourne, Australia.
    Weiss, Jan Frederic
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Controlled and uncontrolled communication stimuli and organic food purchases: The mediating role of perceived communication clarity, perceived health benefits, and trust2019In: Journal of Marketing Communications, ISSN 1352-7266, E-ISSN 1466-4445, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 180-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a growing demand worldwide, organic food remains a niche category, with consumers only purchasing it some of the time. This study examines the mediating effects of consumers’ perceived clarity of organic food-related communication, trust for, and perceived health benefits of organic foods in the relationship between controlled and uncontrolled communication stimuli and organic food purchases. We test our hypotheses on a sample of 1011 Australian organic food consumers using Structural Equation Modeling. We find that all mediators except perceived communication clarity perform as hypothesized, with the latter not mediating the relationship between uncontrolled communications and perceived health benefits of organic foods. The results suggest that marketers should ensure clarity in controlled organic food communications, signal health benefits of organic food and build consumer trust to generate organic purchases. 

  • 12.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Engström, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    A Lewinian approach to managing barriers to university–industry collaboration2019In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 129-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls are made by governments, university management and industry to increase university–industry (U–I) collaboration to find solutions for societal and economic problems that are too complex to be tackled within one sector alone. Researchers are often expected to realise these ideas, but when it comes to everyday research and knowledge development, individuals may encounter barriers to accomplishing this. The paper presents an empirical study of researchers’ view on U–I collaboration. Our focus in the analysis, inspired by the Lewinian field theory, is on the hindering forces that might create barriers to collaboration from a researcher’s perspective. Contrary to the previously used approaches taken in force field analysis, we perform a qualitative study, which might be better suited for this framework. In the literature on U–I collaboration, ‘orientation-related’ and ‘transaction-related’ barriers have been identified. In our analysis, we discuss hindering forces on the individual, intra- and interorganisational levels. In total, we find 18 key areas to identify possible hinders for collaboration and based on a Lewinian perspective, we suggest that removing hindering forces can benefit U–I collaboration. The paper recognises the need to regard universities as equal partners in U–I collaboration for sustainable knowledge production.

  • 13.
    Björhag, Albin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Skärin, Filip
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Statliga incitaments påverkan på svenska företags reshoringbeslut2018In: Proceedings of the Plan Research Conference, Jönköping, 23-24 oktober, 2018, Plan , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Björklund, Gabriella Veronica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Wallier, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Investering i automation: Väsentliga aspekter att ta hänsyn till ur en kontraktstillverkares kontext2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the study is to highlight trade-offs that contract manufacturer's need to make when deciding on investments in automation. To achieve the aim of the study, three research questions have been formulated:

    1. What factors do a contract manufacturer need to take into account when investing in automation?

    2. What are the driving forces for a contract manufacturer to invest in automation?

    3. What can an increased integration prompt for effects on a contract manufacturer’s business?

    Method: In order to understand the study’s problem area in its specific context more generally, a preliminary investigation was conducted on the chosen case company within electronic components manufacturers industry. In order to then be able to answer the formulated questions, a qualitative one-case-study was conducted with an inductive nature. A literature research was conducted to fulfil support and understanding in theories in the main areas of contract manufacturing, relations, investments and automation and was then presented in the theoretical framework. Parallel with the literature process the data collection was performed, which consisted of semi-structured and -standardized interviews, observations and documents studies. The choice of several methods indicates that triangulation could be performed and increase validity accordingly.

    Findings: The study showed that factors that a contract manufacturer needed to take into account when investing in automation in some cases could be offset or completely neutralised by the contract manufacturer’s motivations for why the investment should be implemented from the beginning. Despite contract manufacturers justification on why the investment needed to be implemented, it was seen that the repayment always came to be crucial to whether the investment would take place. Furthermore, the study showed that an increased integration could increase the entire supply chain’s profitability, and an integration with several customers increased the contract manufacturer’s opportunity and willingness to invest in automation.

    Implications: The case study has contributed to the development of previous individual research areas, such as investment, automation and relation, and inserted it into a contract manufacturer’s context. Based on this, a new model has subsequently been developed. Furthermore, the study also generates a sales argument for the case company to make customers understand the importance of how integration can increase profitability.

    Limitations: Since the study is designed as a one-case-study and largely only analysed the final assembly of one customer, the generalizability and result are limited against other contract manufacturers. This is since they do not necessary operate in the same way. The study is also limited in such a way that it does not affect any calculations nor further immersions in personnel resources. The study’s results will not be tested hypothetically test to see whether the results obtained are correct or not.

  • 15.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Bergqvist, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    How are we doing? – Taking the pulse on collaboration2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    SPARK is the research and educational environment at the School of Engineering at Jönköping University focusing on knowledge intensive product realization. SPARK ECG is our process for measuring and ensuring consensus and co-production between researchers and their industrial partners.

  • 16.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Engström, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Engagement and co-creation of knowledge – the important role of workshops for data collection and analysis2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper complements current literature on qualitative methods and collaborative research approaches by addressing workshops as a unique way of not only collecting data, but also allow for joint analysis and conceptualizations. We have applied a grounded, data-driven approach based on retrospective analysis of the content of 40 workshops in four different collaborative research projects. This paper contributes to a better understanding for workshops and their role in data collection, data analysis and conceptualization as well as other non-research-process related activities in collaborative research projects.

  • 17.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Fredriksson, A.
    The potential of Supplier – Contractor information sharing to improve supply chain efficiency in construction projects2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Supply chain performance deficiencies in construction projects due to lack of information sharing2019In: Book of abstracts, 2019, p. 19-19, article id CP 131Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to explore the potential of increased supply chain performance by improved information sharing between suppliers and contractors in the construction project. Four suppliers are studied, representing different combinations of supplying materials with few or continuous deliveries during the project. The study shows that, in order to improve performance, suppliers need different information sharing practices depending on if they continuously present at site or have few deliveries. Based on this and information sharing literature, we have developed a framework of information sharing practice differentiating what suppliers need, including how and when to exchange it.

  • 19.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Gosling, J.
    Naim, M.
    Collaborative research in practice: articulating the realities of engagement2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Göthager, Mikael
    Vikten av att ha strategiska nyckeltal baserade på fakta2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Halldórsson, Á.
    Engaged Scholarship: Creative tension or squeezed in the middle of rigor and relevance?2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Halldórsson, Árni
    Division of Service Management and Logistics, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Engaged Scholar(ship) in purchasing and supply management (PSM): Creative tension or squeezed in the middle?2019In: Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, ISSN 1478-4092, E-ISSN 1873-6505, Vol. 25, no 4, article id 100557Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purchasing and supply management research influences practice through the advancement of knowledge and theoretical principles and is positioned as an academic discipline. For the individual researcher, it calls for skills and experience that can be associated with engaged scholarship. This paper explores tensions inherent in engaged scholarship, that arise during the quest to interact closely with professionals to ensure relevance and impact while living up to research quality criteria. The paper concludes that the individual researcher in a field such as PSM is easily left with guidelines that point in multiple directions regarding personal achievement and institutional merits.

  • 23.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Käkelä, Nikolas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Sharing knowledge for customization: a triadic perspective2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For customizations where individual customers are involved as early as in design stages, referred to as engineer-to-order (ETO), the ability to effectively share knowledge across organizational boundaries is a necessity. This concerns knowledge shared both in the customer interface and the supplier interface. Different situations may however require different processes for knowledge to be effectively shared. This research proposes a framework for analysing knowledge sharing complexity in ETO scenarios from a triadic perspective. Combined with empirical illustrations, the analytical framework supports in describing scenarios and their implications for effective knowledge sharing.

  • 24.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Lennartsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Customizations vs. Platforms: A Conceptual Approach to COSI2018In: Advances in Production Management Systems. Production Management for Data-Driven, Intelligent, Collaborative, and Sustainable Manufacturing. APMS 2018. / [ed] I. Moon, G. Lee, J. Park, D. Kiritsis & G. von Cieminski, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 116-123Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, many manufacturers have experienced an increased demand for customized products and services, which requires the manufacturer to simultaneously offer both standardized and customized products. Consequently, several manufacturing strategies must be efficiently employed. These companies do not express the same prerequisites as ‘pure’ ETO companies since they need to be able to differentiate customized orders from standard orders, but also be able to differentiate between the manufacturing dimension and the engineering dimension of customization. Whereas standard orders can be processed with a platform approach, the customized orders contain specific requirements and information represented by ‘customer-order specific information’ (COSI). This paper defines and presents competitive scenarios where platform constraints are combined with COSI for efficient customizations. Implications for the approach and a path forward is discussed.

  • 25.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Suurmond, Robert
    Department of Marketing and Supply Chain Management, School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    van Raaij, Erik M.
    Department of Technology and Operations Management, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Chen, Clive
    Meelunie B.V. Shanghai Representative, Shanghai, China.
    Purchasing process models: Inspiration for teaching purchasing and supply management2019In: Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, ISSN 1478-4092, E-ISSN 1873-6505, Vol. 25, no 5, article id 100577Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most scholars of purchasing and supply management (PSM) are familiar with some form of a purchasing process model (PPM). A PPM is the visual representation of the sequence of activities that constitute purchasing and supply management. Such a visual representation can be a tool in teaching PSM since it gives students an overview of an otherwise intangible process. Moreover, a PPM can also be viewed as a representation of the identity of PSM, providing a schema of what is PSM (and what it is not). In this notes and debates article, a systematic overview of different types of PPMs, and their evolution, is presented, based on a literature review and a survey, with the models being classified as tactical/operational, strategic, cyclical, or decision-making processes. Our first aim is to inspire PSM scholars and educators when they are considering various PPMs to be used in their teaching of PSM. Our second aim is to debate the question where the evolution of PPMs is heading and explore whether a single holistic model can provide an accurate and representative framework to structure purchasing activities both today and in the future. 

  • 26.
    börjesson, Mary
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Stål, Gustav
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Den digitala mathandeln: Hur implementering av multikanalsförsäljning påverkar matbutiker2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Carrevik, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Gustafsson, Jonatan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Hantering av orderspecifika komponenter: En fallstudie utförd vid ett tillverkande företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose with the study is to with help of value stream mapping identify problem areas and wastes connected to the handling of order specific components. To be able to answer the purpose the following two research questions was formulated.  

    -      Which activities is non-value adding with the internal handling of order specific components? 

    -      Why does the non-value adding activities exist with the handling of order specific components?

    Method– Theories connected to value stream mapping was gathered to answer both of the studies research questions. Theory regarding Lean manufacturing, value stream mapping, customer order driven production, production strategies, information flow and working environment was necessary to build a solid ground for the study’s analysis. The study was designed as a case study where data was gathered from the business case. Data was gathered through interviews, observations and document studies which resulted in the data that the analysis was built from. To answer the research questions booth data and theory was analysed through pattern comparison.

    Findings– The findings of the first research question present different activities connected to the value stream for the order specific components that do not add any value to the customer. The activities could be; various labelling that leading to inappropriate processing, late deliveries resulting in waiting time and correction of existing products demanding rework. In order to make it possible to find out why the non-value adding activities exist the study shows that knowledge about primary causes to waste is required. These primary causes resulting in waste in the value stream could be poor working conditions, communication problems and the lack of sufficient technical knowledge. The principle based on analysing why the non-value adding activities exist by analysing the primary causes connected to it states to be general, but details regarding waste is business case unique.

    Implications– The study theoretically contributes to how a value stream mapping can be performed to be able to map the value flow and deal with the wastes from order specific components. Because the report builds on earlier research it can be seen as a reference at implementation of a value stream mapping at a manufacturing company. Practically the study contributes to map and identify wastes at a manufacturing company that operates through a customer order driven production. Practically knowledge about how the theory can be used to identify why non-value adding activities exist can also be found in the study.

    Limitations– The main purpose of the study aims to identify non-value adding activities, not necessarily coming up with prepositions on how to eliminate them. The delimitations states that the study is limited to investigate the value stream for order specific components which is bought straight from the supplier, not other components at the factory.

  • 28.
    Cederfeldt, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Kommunikation från leverantör till kund kring engineer-to-order-artiklar.: En flerfallsstudie av faktorer som påverkar kundens upplevelse av kommunikation från leverantör.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte - Syftet med studien är att bidra till en förståelse för hur kommunikationen av kundorderspecifik information sker internt hos leverantör samt vilka faktorer påverkar kunden gällande kommunikation från leverantör.  

    För att uppfylla syftet med studien har följande problemfrågor utarbetats:

    1.        Hur sker kommunikationen av KOSI internt hos ett företag som levererar ETO-artiklar?

    2.       Vilka faktorer anser kunden kritiska i kommunikationen från en leverantör av ETO-artiklar?

    Metod - Teorier angående intern samt extern kommunikation, relationsmarknadsföring samt differentiering av leverantörer har studerats samt beskrivits vilket senare har kompilerats med empirin till en analys. En flerfallstudie av ett leverantörsföretag samt ett urval av dess kunder har genomförts. Data har samlats in genom fokusgrupper internt hos leverantörsföretaget samt genom en enkätstudie som besvarats av kunderna. För att få en djupare förståelse har även intervjuer genomförts med utvalda respondenter. Till grund för frågeställningarna samt vidare enkätfrågorna ligger en förstudie som genomfördes genom intervjuer under två tillfällen på ett kundföretag.    

    Resultat - I studien nämner respondenterna främst fyra områden som påverkar kommunikationen från leverantören. Dessa är:

    • ·         Tydlighet gällande kompetens samt förmåga att möta kundens behov, gällande förseningar av leverans samt kring leverantörens organisation.
    • ·         Trovärdighet gällande tidsaspekt, tillit samt engagemang.
    • ·         Långsiktighet gällande att bygga relationer.
    • ·         Antalet kontaktytor gällande vilka funktioner som kommunicerar mellan de två organisationerna.

    Resultatet visar att genom att kommunikationen uteblir alternativt försenas från leverantör till kund kan kunden påverkas såväl ekonomiskt som socialt.  Studien styrker att kunden önskar ha en nära relation med en leverantör av engineer- to orderartiklar vilket innebär en högre grad av kommunikation än med en leverantör av standardartiklar.

    Implikationer - Leverantören bör tidigt i kontakten med kunden diskutera artikelns art samt finna vilken strategi för kommunikation samt relation kunden önskar. Genom att det internt i leverantörens organisation finns en väl utarbetad samt strukturerad process, där organisationen arbetar tvärfunktionellt, kring kundorderspecifik information undviks det att information förvanskas alternativt försvinner.

    Begränsningar - Studien är begränsad till en tre enheter inom en koncern samt 16 kunder till dessa. För att kunna generalisera skulle ett större antal ur såväl leverantörs samt kundorganisationer involveras. Datainsamlingen sker på individnivå medan resultatet aspirerar till att beskrivas på organisationsnivå. Detta kan ses som problematiskt och diskuteras vidare i studien.

  • 29.
    Chatha, Karandeep Singh
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Impacts of Industry 4.0 on Swedish Manufacturing SMEs Context2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose- Industry 4.0 as a concept has created a wave of innovation in the manufacturing sector. In Sweden, the goal for the Swedish manufacturing SMEs is to be leaders in digitalization and stay competitive. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to understand the impacts of Industry 4.0 on Swedish manufacturing SMEs.

    Method- The method used in this research is a multiple case study consisting of three manufacturing SMEs in Sweden. A literature review was conducted in a systematic way to give a background of Industry 4.0 and its technologies. The literature review provided the theoretical base and knowledge about the phenomena which led to preparation of interview guide used for data collection. Data collection was done through semi-structured interviews. Thereafter, the findings were analyzed within case, cross-case and compared with literature.

    Findings- To analyze the impacts of Industry 4.0 on the manufacturing SMEs, the author developed a framework which included the ten main Industry 4.0 technologies, Porter ́s generic value chain model and industrial performance indicators. During the analysis, it was found that all the companies were users of Industry 4.0; however, they were using mostly robots as the main technologies besides one company using cloud-platform technology. All the companies had impacts on their value chains operation activity. All five performance indicators flexibility, costs, productivity, quality and lead times were found to impact on Swedish manufacturing SMEs. The findings support the same indicators as found in literature. Furthermore, all three case companies confirmed that they have higher profits which shows that the implementation of Industry 4.0 not only improves industrial performance indicators but also can lead to increase in financial performance.

    Implications- This thesis contributed to both theory and provides suggestions to managers with primary contribution being the framework which itself is a contribution to the theory. The framework can be used both by researchers and managers. Furthermore, the theory provided in the literature review of impacts of different technologies on the value chain can guide the managers to understand which of the technologies are useful in corresponding activities of value chain. The suggestions provided by industry peers are also a major advantage for the managers to prepare their companies for Industry 4.0.

    Limitations- The research focused only on manufacturing SMEs in Sweden and from industry perspective, only SMEs manufacturing goods were included and not services. Within the case companies, all ten identified Industry 4.0 technologies were not found to be implemented in SMEs, therefore; the analysis and answers to research questions were based on the technologies found. Moreover, there was a constraint of time and resources which led to a small sample of three manufacturing industries.

    Keywords: Industry 4.0, The fourth Industrial Revolution, Industrie 4.0, Digitization, Value chain, Supply Chain, Manufacturing, SME, Impacts, Barriers

  • 30.
    Coelho, Denis A.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Convento de Santo António, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal and Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Mecânicas e Aeroespaciais, Convento de Santo António, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Silva, Pedro D.
    Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Convento de Santo António, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal and Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Mecânicas e Aeroespaciais, Convento de Santo António, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Season influence on rapid thermal sensation assessment by young adults2019In: engineering reports, E-ISSN 2577-8196, article id e12029Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermal comfort is one of the most important ergonomic aspects of building occupancy. In this research, laboratory experiments are performed in a climatic chamber and described in detail. Experiments are carried out under two scenarios: with two different college students cohorts and with five different but comparable experimental conditions in each cohort. Three hundred twenty‐two individual assessments under specific controlled thermal environment conditions are collected. The actual thermal sensation assessments obtained in the experiments are compared to the results obtained by a predicted mean vote (PMV) model. The correlation analysis shows that statistically significant differences are meaningful between the spring‐summer and the autumn‐winter experiments but not between genders. This paper discusses the plausible factors contributing to the different correlations experienced in the autumn‐winter and spring‐summer experiments. A correction factor between PMV according to Fanger's comfort equation and the actual thermal sensation values reported by the participants is also sought with a focus on the seasonal effects. The predicted results are in good agreement with the experimental results. This allows for further considerations about the influence of the season on the initial thermal sensations experienced by young adults.

  • 31.
    Da Rocha, Telma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Posiol, Karolina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Towards a competitive advantage: a systematic literature review on reshoring and operations capabilities2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Industrial design.
    Design-driven innovation: a systematic literature review2019In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 92-114Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The concept design-driven innovation focuses on innovating product meanings. It has been studied from a variety of perspectives and contexts since the early 2000s. However, a complete overview of the literature published in this area is currently missing. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive understanding of how design-driven innovation contributes to value creation in product development.

    Design/methodology/approach

    In this systematic literature review, 57 papers and book chapters that cover design-driven innovation were identified and analyzed. An iterative coding process was followed to derive five facets of design-driven innovation that contribute to value creation.

    Findings

    Design-driven innovation creates value by focusing on the intangible values of products. The following five facets of design-driven innovation that contribute to value creation were identified: development of new product meanings, knowledge generation, actors and collaborations, capabilities and process. These facets and their interrelations are presented in a theoretical framework.

    Practical implications

    The main practical implication of this study is that it is now clear that the five facets of design-driven innovation are interrelated and reinforce each other. Therefore, companies need to approach design-driven innovation from a holistic perspective.

    Originality/value

    This paper contributes to theory by presenting the theoretical framework that provides an overview of available knowledge and that creates a context for future research.

  • 33.
    Demartini, Melissa
    et al.
    Universita degli Studi di Genova, Department of Mechanical Engineering (DIME), Genoa, Italy.
    Pinna, Claudia
    Politecnico di Milano, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Milan, Italy.
    Tonelli, Flavio
    Universita degli Studi di Genova, Department of Mechanical Engineering (DIME), Genoa, Italy.
    Terzi, Sergio
    Politecnico di Milano, Department of Management, Milan, Italy.
    Sansone, Cinzia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Testa, Chiara
    Siemens Italy S.p.A., Genoa, Italy.
    Food industry digitalization: from challenges and trends to opportunities and solutions2018In: IFAC-PapersOnLine, ISSN 2405-8963, Vol. 51, no 11, p. 1371-1378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last years, manufacturing companies have to face several challenges, mainly related to the volatility of the demand and to the continuously changing requirements, both from the customers and suppliers. In the meantime, new technological roadmaps and suggested interventions in manufacturing systems have been implemented. These solutions aim to exploit the high innovation and economic potential resulting from the continuing impact of rapidly advancing information and communication technology (ICT) in industry. This paper explores these topics focusing on the food sector. Indeed, companies belonging to this industry are facing global challenges, which can be met with the support of the information technologies (IT). The overall goal of this study is to help food companies toward digitalization, with a particular focus on the design and manufacturing processes. From the methodological point of view, Case Study has been used as research method. Furthermore, a questionnaire characterized by the different elements of the Manufacturing Value Modelling Methodology (MVMM) has been developed and used to gather information from companies. A framework for the digitalization process in the food industry has been developed basing on the results of a preliminary literature review and of different focus groups. On completion of the aforementioned framework, a list of enabling technologies has been discussed. These represent the technological solutions for the specific food issues highlighted by the framework. Finally, a case study has been accomplished in order to test and validate the contents’ framework.

  • 34.
    Elias Amaleh, Paria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Bibaj, Dafina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Supply Chain Integrations viktiga principer2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to explore the concept, Supply Chain Integration (SCI) based on a buyer-seller perspective. To fulfil the aim, three research questions have been formulated:

    • Which principles are important within the concept of SCI and how does the buyer and seller relate to them?
    • Which challenges does the buyer and seller identify when working with integration?
    • How does the buyer and seller work with integration?

     

    Method –  To fulfil the aim and answer the research questions, a qualitative approach has been adapted to the study with the help of an inductive approach. This means that the results of the theoretical framework and the empirical data have been analyzed based on SCI:s principles and challenges.

     

    Findings – The study shows that the concept must be established and distinguish the important principles within the subject to be able to facilitate the concept practically in a business. The most central part of the results appears to be the requirement settings that have a major impact on the integration. Companies must therefore take this into consideration.

     

    Implications – The concept SCI is very vague because many researchers use older sources that are still up to date. This indicates that it is a difficult concept to determine and where new research shows what has already been established by older sources. The theoretical implication with the study has been to identify the important principles for SCI, which can be further managed in later research. The study contributes to increased understanding of how a successful SCI can be achieved and how it can be further developed to create a more realistic concept. The empirical implication of the study is that companies should create a greater understanding of the concept SCI in order to create an interdependent relationship between a buyer and a seller in a supply chain.

     

    Limitations – The study has generated a more general result. The reason for this is that the study focused on three case companies their perspective on subject SCI. The companies operate in different industries and because of that, very general information has been collected which leads to the general result.

     

    Keywords – Supply chain integration, key principles, consensus, long-term relationship, information sharing, power, requirements.

  • 35.
    Eliasson, Mathilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Azrak, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Increasing information sharing during new product development projects2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the research is to increase the understanding of how insufficient information sharing between internal stakeholders can be mitigated during new product development projects.

    Two research questions were formulated to conduct answers to the purpose. 

    1. Why is it crucial to mitigate insufficient information sharing between internal stakeholders during new product development projects?
    2. How can potential challenges during new product development projects be mitigated through information sharing between internal stakeholders?

    Method – To create an understanding of information sharing a literature review was conducted, which formed the foundation of the theoretical framework. Through a case study at SAAB Training & Simulation, interviews were used as the main source for empirical data. Document studies and observations were used to triangulate the findings. The collected data and theoretical framework were analyzed and discussed to propose improvements.

    Findings – The research findings indicate that an insufficient information flow can cause several challenges related to deadlines, profit and how information is interpreted. It should therefore be a prioritization for an organization to constantly improve how information is shared between internal stakeholders during new product development projects. Additionally, the research analysis suggests that organizations’ need to allocate more time for educational opportunities.

    Implications – The research highlighted a new perspective on previous research within the area. Through the research analysis statements and theories made by other researchers were further strengthened. The research suggests ways of improving information sharing between internal stakeholders. The result can be used by other industrial organizations working with new product development projects to improve their information sharing to mitigate challenges connected to insufficient information sharing.

    Limitations – Due to the complexity of information sharing within new product development projects, the research was limited to one case company. Additionally, mainly managers were interviewed which posed a risk that the collected data only provided an overview rather than a deep insight in the processes of sharing information between internal stakeholders. If the authors were to use several organizations and conduct more interviews, the results could increase the credibility and generalizability of the research.

  • 36.
    Engelseth, Per
    et al.
    Molde University College.
    Jafari, Hamid
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Marketing Complex Product Designs in the Contemporary Value Chain2018In: International journal of value chain management, ISSN 1741-5357, E-ISSN 1741-5365, ISSN 1741-5357, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 311-329Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theory on supply postponement and speculation has gained widespread use in industry to mitigate risk and improve customer value. We suggest alternative conceptualisation of product customisation focusing in the emergent properties of production in a value chain context. Based on the transvection model, servitisation theory, contingency theory focusing on interdependencies and complexity, we discuss how a variety of goods, information and service deliverables may be timed in relation to each other to customise in relation to customer value objectives. Through a single case study of retail distribution practices, an alternative modelling of supply timing is empirically grounded. The ‘supply palette model’ is introduced based on a fundamental view on products as technically fragmented entities, as well as the fact that production includes product design as emergent through complex supplier-customer interaction. This model serves as a marketing tool founded inoperations practices by exposing the complexity of deliverables provided to customers associated with operational decision-making events. This study also exposes how marketing and supply chain management necessarily are, when supplying postponed products, integrated business functions.

  • 37.
    Engström, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Effective interaction in organisations2019In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2019, p. 30-41Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Creating effective interaction and ‘organisational learning’ is a skill that must be developed. Research from work meetings in a manufacturing company found that meetings for well-defined, technical assignments often went smoothly and produced the desired results, but there was a lack of forums to discuss developmental issues, especially those concerning work organisation. Furthermore, there was a lack of communication between the different work groups. Discrepancies were swept under the carpet, which is unfortunate, since they provide opportunities for learning and development. To achieve this, a goal-directed meeting structure and proper leadership and communications skills are needed.

  • 38.
    Engström, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Barry, Daved
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Sollander, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Edh Mirzaei, Nina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Johansson, Anette
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Embracing the unplanned: Organizational ambidexterity within manufacturing SMEs2019In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2019, article id 14906Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational Ambidexterity (OA)–the ability to simultaneously pursue exploration and exploitation–is increasingly being advocated as a way to gain competitive advantage. Most of the work on OA has focused on large, multi-divisional organizations, resulting in frameworks and prescriptions that have little utility for small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). With this in mind, we report on the first year of an exploratory, quasi-experimental study of ambidexterity within six small-to-medium manufacturing enterprises in Sweden. The research is characterized by an emic, ‘invented here’ approach, where companies closely examine their current exploration and exploitation practices, use their findings to formulate more advanced OA approaches uniquely suited to their values and circumstances, and iteratively apply and refine these over a four year period. It appears that the construct of ‘unplanned’ and associated sub-constructs such as ‘disturbance, crashes, and interruption’ could be an important key to framing and improving OA within these SMEs and perhaps more generally.

  • 39.
    Engström, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Käkelä, Nikolas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Early steps in learning about organizational learning in customization settings: A communication perspective2019In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 27-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to empirically investigate the role of learning for suppliers of individualized customizations from a communication perspective.

    Design/methodology/approach: Five companies providing individualized customizations are investigated through an in-depth qualitative approach. The empirical material is based on data from five presentations in one workshop and seven interviews.

    Findings: Four important categories of communication processes between suppliers and customers that stimulate learning were identified: the identification and confirmation of existing knowledge, the identification of knowledge gaps and the creation of new knowledge, the definition of relations and procedures and evaluation and learning.

    Practical implications: These findings can help suppliers of individualized customizations become aware of the important role of organizational learning in their day-to-day operations and the value of improving as a learning organization.

    Originality/value: This cross-disciplinary study brings together organizational learning and customization research. It is a study that focuses on communication in customization tasks as a base for learning. 

  • 40.
    Engström, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Käkelä, Nikolas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Learning to make a difference in customization settings2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Engström, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Lundin, Mona
    Personalvetenskapliga perspektiv på kommunikation2018Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Engström, Gabriella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Sollander, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Drivers and barriers of reshoring in the Swedish manufacturing industry2018In: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 195-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore reshoring drivers and barriers in the Swedish manufacturing industry. The research is based on case research including five case companies from the Swedish manufacturing industry with experience of manufacturing reshoring. The empirical findings are compared to the existing literature to identify any potential gaps between the existing literature and the Swedish manufacturing context. The findings suggest that quality related issues, an increased degree of automation, and improved cost performance at the home base are the strongest reshoring drivers for Swedish manufacturing companies. The identified drivers and barriers are transferable and have the potential to be building blocks for researchers and practitioners to better understand the reshoring phenomena. The findings also show that further research should focus on reshoring drivers and barriers in relation to specific reshoring characteristics (e.g., ownership, scale of production being reshored, and position in the supply chain).

  • 43.
    Engström, Gabriella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Sollander, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Reshoring drivers and barriers in the Swedish manufacturing industry2018In: Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, ISSN 2398-5364, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 174-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to explore reshoring drivers and barriers from a Swedish manufacturing perspective.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This paper is a case study, including four Swedish manufacturing companies, with focus on drivers and barriers from the context of the Swedish manufacturing industry. A literature review of previously established drivers and barriers is used to map out the empirical findings and thereby identify potential gaps between the current body of literature and drivers and barriers from a Swedish manufacturing context.

    Findings

    The findings of the study suggest that quality issues continue to be one of the strongest reshoring drivers. Except for product quality, quality is also connected to host country’s infrastructure, communication and service. The supply chain perspective is a source of several drivers and is identified as a perspective often overlooked in offshoring decisions. Barriers related to firm specifics were more elaborately discussed by the companies, especially concerning calculation of location decision and the need to invest in resources, which allows for a higher level of capacity at the home country facility.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study develops a structured table of reshoring drivers and barriers which can serve as a base for future research. Future research on the calculation of location decisions is deemed as a crucial step to further understand reshoring and aid companies in the decision-making process.

    Practical implications

    The drivers and barriers identified in the study can give practitioners insight into reshoring from the perspective of the Swedish manufacturing industry and thus aid in future manufacturing location decisions. The table of drivers and barriers can also be important to understand how Sweden can strengthen its competitive advantage and motivate more companies to reshore manufacturing.

    Originality/value

    This is one of only few papers from the Nordic countries and also one of few case studies examining reshoring in manufacturing companies.

  • 44.
    Eriksson, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Ellram, L.M.
    Miami University in Oxford, Oh, USA.
    Sansone, Cinzia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    To offshore or reshore: The battle of data points2018In: Supply Chain Management Review, ISSN 1521-9747, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 42-46Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    [...]our research shows that not all offshoring decisions are based on the best methods or information. [...]a series of incorrect decisions made offshoring look like a great decision when it was not. [...]after years of outsourcing, Plant A was still the same size and unable to trim its overhead despite lower production levels. [...]one product became so expensive to produce internally that it was priced too high and failed in the market while lower-cost competitors thrive today.

  • 45.
    Eriksson, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Högskolan i Gävle, Industriell ekonomi.
    Svensson, Göran
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Högskolan i Gävle, Industriell ekonomi.
    Exploring opportunities for moral disengagement in codes of conduct from the textile industry2018In: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 371-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to assess how codes of conducts are outlined and formulated in relation to moral disengagement along the supply chain. The research is focused on the idea that supply chain structure may reduce the actors' sense of moral responsibility for the actions and impacts of the supply chain on workers and environment. The research has been conducted as a case study including Swedish firms in the textile industry. The research has used secondary data from codes of conducts. The findings show that codes of conduct do not cover all supply chain practices linked with moral disengagement. This does not cause immoral behaviour as such, but might cause moral disengagement. Supply chain research needs to focus on what should be included in codes of conduct and other ethical guidelines, so as to reduce the risk of immoral behaviour. In order to reduce the likelihood for moral disengagement, there are several supply chain practices that should be included in codes of conduct, such as power asymmetry, managerial support, and incentives.

  • 46.
    Eriksson, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Svensson, Göran
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Managers’ psychological challenges in implementing corporate responsibility in supply chains2018In: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 564-578Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to conceptualize managers’ psychological challenges with respect to implementing corporate responsibility throughout supply chains.

    Design/methodology/approach: Four areas of psychological theory are introduced to expand the understanding of the challenges involved in implementing corporate responsibility in supply chains, namely, relationship and humanization theory; the number-of-people-suffering theory; superficial-identification theory; and the bystander effect theory.

    Findings: The common denominator between the introduced areas of psychological theory is that all consider the expected degree of corporate responsibility in supply chains to extend beyond managers’ ability to cope so that failure is probable.

    Research limitations/implications: Supply chain management research needs to consider various psychological challenges to effectively address corporate responsibility in supply chains. This research shows that it is important to include theory from psychology to truly understand the challenges faced by managers, although only a few theories are presented here. More comprehensive reviews are needed in the future.

    Practical implications: Managers require guidelines based on psychological theory to assist them in overcoming their inabilities in this context.

    Originality/value: SCM research advocates responsibility for all those affected by this phenomenon, but the lack of theoretical grounding to meet the prevailing psychological challenges hampers the efficacy of putting the current recommendations into business practice. The paper is one of only a few to address managers’ psychological challenges in dealing with corporate responsibility across organizational borders and judicial boundaries in supply chains. 

  • 47.
    Eriksson, Oliver
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Fransson, Eric
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Säkerhetslageroptimering av ingående komponenter och planeringssystemets inverkan: En fallstudie inom tillverkningsindustri2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to identify the significance of specific parameters and illustrate possible optimizations within safety stock on a component level. To fulfill the purpose, three research questions were formulated.

    [1] What parameters needs to be considered in the calculation of safety stock?

    [2] What opportunities for inventory and safety stock optimization can be identified within a manufacturing company, regarding purchased components?

    [3] How does safety stock affect risk and service level when simulating identified optimization opportunities?

    Method – The study was initiated with a pilot study in order to highlight the problem area and its context. Combined, the pilot study and literature review contributed to the creation of the purpose and research questions. The study is designed in accordance with a case study, used data collection methods included document study and interviews. The interviews generated qualitative primary data which intended to illustrate key employees’ knowledge and understanding of the researched phenomenon. The document study generated quantitative secondary data which intended to supplement and triangulate empirical data.

    Findings – Problems regarding different approaches when calculating safety stock, influencing parameters in combination with complex system environments poses a challenge for practitioners. Identification of opportunities within safety stock optimization and the selection of parameters can strongly affect the final outcome and consequently the organization’s wellbeing. The spectrum of parameters that should be considered when determining safety stock level is extensive, the impact of an individual parameter may vary depending on the context. A critical factor is to identify given circumstances, errors in judgement may cause disproportional levels of safety stock, resulting in shortage or excess inventory. Numerical calculations, taking into account a majority of parameters, proves to determine a more appropriate level of safety stock versus experience-based decisions. To only consider time period coverage based on lead time, as proven by simulation, will result in excess levels of safety stock, hence generating economical and practical implications. Therefore, studied phenomenon and similar are considered to possess favorable conditions for safety stock optimization. Complex system environments in which the studied company conduct supply chain planning, combined with advanced system logics, entails problematic situations. These conditions require a great amount of knowledge within a given system to effectively manage and filter critical information.

    Implications – The subject area safety stock in relation to optimization is thoroughly researched as proven by existing literature, hence generating new knowledge within the area is considered challenging. Despite the circumstances, this study succeeds to contribute some knowledge. The study presents and strengthens existing research regarding forecast and parameters effect on safety stock. Significant practical implications consist in revising the safety stock level in accordance to numerical calculation and differentiation of components in correlation to its importance.

    Limitations – The study only included one case company, therefore affecting the study’s generalizability. Simulation of numerical safety stock calculation within the study cannot be applied on the full range of components or similar companies. The selection of simulated components is deemed insufficient, nevertheless obtained result indicate significant possibilities for optimization within the organization. Restrictions regarding the number of investigated components and interviewed employees may have affected the final results. 

  • 48.
    Fathi, Masood
    et al.
    Department of Production and Automation Engineering, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Fontes, Dalila B. M. M.
    Faculty of Economics, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Moris, Matias U.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ghobakhloo, Morteza
    Assembly line balancing problem: A comparative evaluation of heuristics and a computational assessment of objectives2018In: Journal of Modelling in Management, ISSN 1746-5664, E-ISSN 1746-5672, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 455-474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to first investigate the efficiency of the most commonly used performance measures for minimizing the number of workstations (NWs) in approaches addressing simple assembly line balancing problem (SALBP) for both straight and U-shaped line, and second to provide a comparative evaluation of 20 constructive heuristics to find solutions to the SALBP-1.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A total of 200 problems are solved by 20 different constructive heuristics for both straight and U-shaped assembly line. Moreover, several comparisons have been made to evaluate the performance of constructive heuristics.

    Findings

    Minimizing the smoothness index is not necessarily equivalent to minimizing the NWs; therefore, it should not be used as the fitness function in approaches addressing the SALBP-1. Line efficiency and the idle time are indeed reliable performance measures for minimizing the NWs. The most promising heuristics for straight and U-shaped line configurations for SALBP-1 are also ranked and introduced.

    Practical implications

    Results are expected to help scholars and industrial practitioners to better design effective solution methods for having the most balanced assembly line. This study will further help with choosing the most proper heuristic with regard to the problem specifications and line configuration.

    Originality/value

    There is limited research assessing the efficiency of the common objectives for SALBP-1. This study is among the first to prove that minimizing the workload smoothness is not equivalent to minimizing the NWs in SALBP-1 studies. This work is also one of the first attempts for evaluating the constructive heuristics for both straight and U-shaped line configurations.

  • 49.
    Ferreira, Ana Cristina
    et al.
    Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
    Pimenta, Márcio Lopes
    Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brazil.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Antecedents of cross-functional integration level and their organizational impact2019In: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 1706-1723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop a model to predict the antecedents of the integration level among marketing, logistics and production, considering the influence of formal and informal factors that generate integration and the existence of conflicts.

    Design/methodology/approach: A survey of 179 participants from all regions of Brazil was conducted. A parsimonious model including four dimensions and 34 variables was developed through confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling.

    Findings: The field data corroborate studies dealing with the impact of various formal and informal integration factors on the cross-functional integration level as a construct. Furthermore, this paper concludes that the level of cross-functional can be defined as: the intensity of the relationship among internal functions which can be measured by the mutual existence of formal and informal factors and the absence of manifest conflicts.

    Research limitations/implications: The findings of this paper cannot be generalized because of the convenience sampling. Future research could apply a probabilistic sampling and try to explore other geographical settings in both national and international contexts.

    Practical implications: The proposed model can generate important information for managers by pointing out variables that can predict the integration level and their impacts on the organizational performance. The paper concludes with examples about how the model could be useful in several practical situations.

    Originality/value: This paper proposes a model with reasonable accuracy to predict the integration level and overcomes prior research limitations with respect to models to predict the antecedents of the integration level, particularly the role of conflicts in the integration processes. 

  • 50.
    fintling, alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Wredberg, Philip
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    En undersökning av påverkande faktorer vid säkerhetslagerdimensionering: Inom elektronik till fordonsbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate how safety stock should be dimensioned for ingoing inventory based on factors in manufacturing electronic business with the vehicle industry as customer.

    - Which factors are important to have in consideration when dimensioning safety stock for ingoing inventory in the electronic to vehicle industry?

    - Which safety stock method is the most suitable considering identified factors in research question one?

    Method – To accomplish the purpose of this study and to answer the research questions, a literature study was conducted to form a theoretical framework. As a complement to the literature study a case study was conducted in terms of interviews and document studies.

    Findings – This study has identified factors that are important to take into consideration when dimensioning safety stocks. Through identified factors the most suitable safety stock method for companies in the electronic to vehicle industry was formed.

    Implications – Difficulties in this study has been to find relevant information regarding the electronic to vehicle industry. Information was necessary to find to create a trustworthy industry context.

    Limitations – This study only focus on the electronic to vehicle industry. This means that identified factors and suitable safety stock method are not necessarily applicable to other industries.

    Keywords – Safety stock calculation, delivery precision, delivery safety.

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