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  • 1.
    Abdulhamid, Lawan
    et al.
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Venkat, Hamsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Primary mathematics teachers’ responses to students’ offers: An ‘elaboration’ framework2018In: Journal of Mathematical Behavior, ISSN 0732-3123, E-ISSN 1873-8028, Vol. 51, p. 80-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Responding constructively ‘in-the moment’ to student offers is described as a critical, and yet difficult, aspect of skilful and responsive teaching. South African evidence points to limited evaluation of student offers in schools serving poor communities. In this paper, we present and discuss an ‘elaboration’ framework emerging from a grounded analysis of data drawn from video recordings of 18 mathematics lessons prepared and conducted by four in-service primary school teachers in South Africa. This analysis led to a categorization of the situations in which teacher responses to student offers occurred, and the nature and range of these responses. Three response situations are identified within the framework: breakdown, sophistication, and individuation/collectivization, with a range of response (and non-response) categories in each situation. Literature on responsive feedback is drawn in to explore hierarchies and relationships between the emergent categories within situations of elaboration. The elaboration framework provides a tool for lesson observation, and a model for thinking about developments in responsive teaching.

  • 2.
    albinsson, emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), School-Age Educare Research.
    hagbranth, karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), School-Age Educare Research.
    Samverkan mellan fritidshem och lekterapi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Alnervik, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Öhman, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Lidén, Eva
    Nilsson, Monica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Barn och vårdnadshavares minnen av deltagande i pedagogisk dokumentation2018In: Tidsskrift For Nordisk Barnehageforskning, ISSN 1890-9167, Vol. 17, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to contribute with knowledge of pedagogical documentation with a particular focus on the importance of documentation from a democracy perspective. While there are many studies of pedagogical documentation, few studies explicit examine this practice from the perspective of children and guardians. Analyses, based on focus group data of children ́s and guardian ́s conversations from memories of the children ́s time spent in preschool in relation to educational documentation work, are presented. Pedagogical documentation practice is shown to contribute to the creation of a community of practice at the preschool, which in turn enabled democratic education.

  • 4.
    Alnervik, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Öhman, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Lidén, Ewa
    "That's the way it was": Children's and parents' reflections regarding pedagogical documentation2017In: Abstract book: 27th EECERA Annual Conference 'Social Justice, Solidarity And Children’s Rights', Bologna, Italy, 29th August – 1st September 2017, 2017, p. 38-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to develop knowledge concerning how children and parents reflect on and make meaning of pedagogical documentation gathered in Reggio-inspired preschool projects. From a pedagogical documentation perspective, children are understood to be knowledge creators, it is therefore important to make children's voices visible (Dahlberg, Moss & Pence, 2001) However,questions have been raised about (a) if and how children are given opportunities to participate in the production of pedagogical documentation (Lenz Taguchi, 2012, Lindgren, 2012), and (b) the ethics of representing children in the documentation (Lindgren2016). Our theoretical framework is based on Biesta's (2006) concept of the rational community and the community-without-community. The study data was gathered through focus groups with eight children and their parents. The children and parents were askedto review samples of pedagogical documentation from the child's time in preschool. The documentation was also used as stimulus material during the interview. Finally, the parents were also asked to discuss with their children their memories regarding how it felt to be documented. Interview transcripts were subjected to narrative analyses. Informed consent was obtained from all study participants. Three themes emerged concerning the experience of working with and being a part of the practice of pedagogical documentation: a sense of context, the sense of participation and the sense of a way to explore life. Our analysis highlights that the children had opportunities to participate in the practice of documentation in a project and therefore their voices were supported in "breaking into the world"

  • 5.
    Anderstaf, Susanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Nilsson, Monica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    "Sometimes we have to clash": How Swedish preschool teachers' engage with cultural value differences2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research aims: This study aims to contribute knowledge about how preschool teachers engage with tensions stemming from cultural value differences among teachers, caregivers, and children.

    Relationship to previous research works: Motivating this work is current socio-cultural circumstances in Sweden in which preschool teachers are negotiating divergent curricular demands that simultaneously promote cultural diversity and a common tradition. Consequently, teachers are experiencing an increased burden to address societal expectations concerning cultural diversity without appropriate communicative and conceptual tools (Björk Willén et. al, 2013; Lunneblad, 2006).

    Theoretical and conceptual framework: We draw on Biesta’s (2006) – via Lingis (1994) - conception of the rational community (RC) and the community-without-community (CwC) as an interpretive framework.

    Paradigm, methodology and methods: Project data was gathered through a series of focus group interviews with teachers in two preschools in Sweden, using stimulus materials designed to elicit discussion about value conflicts and cultural diversity.

    Ethical Considerations: Informed consent was obtained from all study participants.

    Main finding or discussion: Teacher engagement with questions of culture and values were organized around discussions of actual and imagined disagreements between teachers and caregivers about activities with preschool children. Analysis through the lens of RC and CwC revealed that teachers on the one hand, reinforced societal values and avoided conflict through invocation of the language of the rational community; on the other hand, from a CWC perspective, they developed insights about the value of conflict as means of gaining insight into the perspectives and cultures of the caregivers, as well as about their professional development.

    Implications, practice or policy: Project findings have implications for the development of pedagogical and policy tools related intercultural processes in preschool education practice and research.

  • 6.
    Anderström, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Bäcklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Utvärdering av försöksverksamheten med övningsskolor 2015–20192019Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Arvidsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Schelander, Fanny
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Utmanande barn - Vem utmanar inte?: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares syn på utmanande barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Askew, Mike
    et al.
    School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Venkat, Hamsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Mathews, Corin
    School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Ramsingh, Valerie
    School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Takane, Thulelah
    School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Roberts, Nicky
    Centre for Education Practice Research, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Multiplicative reasoning: An intervention’s impact on foundation phase learners’ understanding2019In: South African Journal of Childhood Education, ISSN 2223-7674, E-ISSN 2223-7682, Vol. 9, no 1, article id a622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Given the context of low attainment in primary mathematics in South Africa, improving learners’ understanding of multiplicative reasoning is important as it underpins much of later mathematics.

    Aim: Within a broader research programme aiming to improve Foundation Phase (Grades 1–3, 7–9-year-olds) learners’ mathematical performance, the aim of the particular research reported on here was to improve learners’ understanding of and attainment in multiplicative reasoning when solving context-based problems.

    Setting: The research was conducted in a suburban school serving a predominantly historically disadvantaged learner population, and involved teachers and learners from three classes in each of Grades 1–3.

    Methods: A 4-week intervention piloted the use of context-based problems and array images to encourage learners to model (through pictures and diagrams) the problem situations, with the models produced used both to support problem solving and to support understanding of the multiplicative structures of the contexts.

    Results: Cleaning the data to include those learners participating at all three data points – pre-, post-and delayed post-test – provided findings based on 233 matched learners. These findings show that, on average, Grade 1 learners had a mean score average increase of 22 percentage points between the pre-test and the delayed post-test, with Grades 2 and 3 having mean increases of 10 and 9 percentage points, respectively.

    Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrate that young learners can be helped to better understand and improve their attainment in multiplicative reasoning, and suggest the usefulness of trialling the intervention model more broadly across schools. 

  • 9.
    Asllani, Leunora
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Resan in i ett nytt utbildningssystem: En litteraturstudie om nyanlända elevers inkludering i Samhällskunskapsämnet för årskurs 4-62018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att utifrån forskning undersöka hur lärare kan arbeta för att inkludera nyan- lända elever i samhällskunskapsundervisningen för årskurs 4–6. För att få svar på frågeställ- ningarna i studiens syfte har en litteraturöversikt av forskning genomförts. Relevant forskning har varit antologier och vetenskapliga artiklar. Likvärdigheten är bristande i den svenska skolan och många nyanlända elever är varken delaktiga eller inkluderade i skolans alla ämnen. Sam- hällskunskap är ett komplext ämne och för många lärare uppstår svårigheter i att bedriva under- visning. Lärare kan därför få svårt att avgränsa sig på grund av ämnets breda innehåll. Vidare väljer många lärare att antingen fokusera på kunskapsuppdraget eller fostransuppdraget, vilket blir problematiskt då båda har en betydelsefull roll. Människor rör sig över nationsgränser vilket påverkar samhället men även den svenska skolan. Resultatet i genomförd litteraturstudie har visat att det finns många faktorer som påverkar inkluderingen av nyanlända elever i samhälls- kunskapsundervisningen. De påverkande faktorerna är nyanlända elevers erfarenheter men även deras språk-och ämneskunskaper. Resultatet tar också upp vikten av ett holistiskt synsätt i undervisningen.

  • 10.
    Barrera Espinoza, Estefanie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Hansen Blomgren, Heidi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Barns inflytande och delaktighet i placering av material: En kvalitativ studie utifrån barns perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att bilda kunskap om hur barn upplever inflytande och delaktighet i placering av material samt undersöka barns handlingsutrymme i relation till förskolans inomhusmiljö. Metoden som använts är gruppintervjuer med barn i åldrarna fem och sex år. Det utfördes fem gruppintervjuer med sammanlagt sjutton barn. Studiens syfte preciseras med frågeställningen: Hur beskriver förskolebarn i fem- sex årsåldern delaktighet och inflytande i placering av material? Det empiriska materialet har analyserats till fem teman utifrån två teoretiska begrepp, intersubjektivitet och agentskap. Dessa teman är: barnen tar beslut och pedagogerna genomför, representativ delaktighet, barns handlingsutrymme, detta har fröknarna bestämt och omedvetna och medvetna val.

    Resultatet synliggör barns beskrivningar av delaktighet och inflytande i placering av material. Det framkom att barnen fattar ett beslut och pedagogerna tar tillvara på deras önskemål och förändrar i förskolans miljö. Barnen beskriver även att beslut fattas gemensamt i en mindre barngrupp tillsammans med en pedagog. Det framgår också i resultatet att barn får handlingsutrymme till att placera materialet självständigt. Pedagogerna tar de övergripande besluten i verksamheten och skapar ramar för barnen att förhålla sig till. Resultatet visar slutligen att omedvetna val tas utifrån praktiska ställningstaganden samt att barnen har en medveten tanke med sin handling i placering av material.

  • 11.
    Berggren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Ejdefjäll, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    ”Alla dockor är inte en hon”: En kvalitativ analys av förskollärares samtal kring att motverka könsmönster som begränsar barn i förskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12.
    Bergvall, Michelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Baalbaki, Zainab
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Vi bor i Sverige och här talar vi svenska!: En kvalitativ studie kring flerspråkiga barns modersmålsundervisning i förskolans verksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur förskollärare och förskolechefer möjliggör stöttning kring flerspråkiga barns modersmålsundervisning i förskolans verksamhet. Som metod användes kvalitativa intervjuer som utfördes med två förskollärare samt två förskolechefer på tre olika förskolor. Studien utgår från ett interkulturellt perspektiv som påvisar hur människor från olika kulturer interagerar. Resultatet visade att både förskollärare och förskolechefer var medvetna om hur det interkulturella perspektivet kunde tillämpas i förskolans verksamhet för att delvis synliggöra olikheter och likheter i barngruppen. Det fanns däremot en okunskap om hur förskollärare skulle arbeta för att stötta flerspråkiga barns modersmålsundervisning på bästa sätt. Förskolecheferna är däremot medvetna vid hur det flerspråkiga arbetet ska genomföras, men inte hur de ska fullfölja det i praktiken. Detta berodde exempelvis på utmaningar gällande brist på språkliga resurser i verksamheten, så som tolk. Social kompetens, kommunikativ kompetens och medborgerlig kompetens är viktiga begrepp som studien har utgått ifrån för att reflektera kring anpassningen av ett interkulturellt förhållningssätt.

    Resultatet visar att ett positivt samt socialt samspel i arbetslaget, barngruppen och med vårdnadshavare delvis gynnar miljön på förskolan, men också hur barn väljer att bemöta varandra och ta del av ny kunskap. Respondenterna är även medvetna om att deras förhållningssätt speglar de flerspråkiga barnens modersmålsundervisning, och därför försöker de vara goda förebilder samt anpassa modersmålsundervisningen till varje enskilt barn.

    Vi fann att förskolecheferna erbjöd förskollärarna utbildning inom flerspråkighet. Förskollärare fann ett gemensamt kommunikativt plan med vårdnadshavarna och förskollärarna valde att kommunicera med barnen med hjälp av multimodala verktyg. Hinder i arbetet kunde vara samarbetet med vårdnadshavarna och okunskap inom området samt kommunikationssvårigheter. Kollegialt samarbete där flerspråkig personal samverkar med enspråkig personal var också en lösning för det flerspråkiga arbetet om det inte fanns tillgång till tolk eller modersmålspedagog. 

  • 13.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Education and Environment, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Student engagement and high quality teaching in PE2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Augustine, Lilly
    School of Education and Environment, Kristianstad university, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Measuring self-efficacy, aptitude to participate and functioning in students with and without impairments2018In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 572-583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Including vulnerable groups of students such as students with learning disabilities in mainstream school research, require ethical considerations and questionnaire adaptation. These students are often excluded, due to low understanding or methodologies generating inadequate data. Students with disability need be studied as a separate group and provided accessible questionnaires. This pilot study aims at developing and evaluating student self-reported measures, rating aspects of student experiences of school-based Physical Education (PE). Instrument design, reliability and validity were examined in Swedish secondary school students (n = 47) including students, aged 13, with intellectual disability (n = 5) and without impairment and test–retested on 28 of these students. Psychometric results from the small pilot-study sample were confirmed in analyses based on replies from the first wave of data collection in the main study (n = 450). Results show adequate internal consistency, factor structure and relations between measures. In conclusion, reliability and validity were satisfactory in scales to measure self-efficacy in general, in PE, and aptitude to participate. Adapting proxy ratings for functioning into self-reports indicated problems. Adequacy of adjustments made were confirmed and a dichotomous scale for typical/atypical function is suggested for further analyses.

  • 15. Beth, Ferholt
    et al.
    Monica, Nilsson
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Developing the Relational Competence of Early Childhood Education Teachers Through Playworlds: Contributions From a Swedish Preschool2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biesta (2006) argues that within the past two decades there has been a rise in the concept of “learning” and a decline in the concept of “education”. He calls this the “learnification” of education: “the translation of all there is to say about education in terms of learning and learners” (Biesta, 2009, p. 5). He argues that this is problematic in part because learning is basically an individual concept referring to what people as individuals do, versus education, which implies a relationship.

    The field of early childhood education and care is uniquely situated to respond to “learnification”. In this paper we challenge the view that teachers teach children in preschools, in an effort to replace it with the view that preschool children and their teachers are engaged in reciprocal learning and development. We do so by analyzing that ways that teacher participation in a pedagogical practice consisting of adult-child joint play, called playworld (Lindqvist, 1995), can support the development of teachers’ relational competence.

    Relational competence is “the skill of entering into and building relationships” (Aspelin, 2015, p. 35). Aspelin (2015) writes that “Questions about what teachers’ relational competence means, how it promotes students’ learning and how it can be developed in teacher education, further education of teachers and in pedagogical practices is largely unexplored.” In playworlds (Lindqvist, 1995) adults actively enter into the fantasy play of young children as a means of promoting the development and quality of life of both adults and children. Thus, in this paper we begin from a relational pedagogical perspective (Aspelin & Persson, 2011) where the concepts of co-existence and co-operation, in addition to “attitude to relationships” and “attitude in relationships” are foci. This conceptual framework is applied in the analysis of transcripts and field notes from a case study of three preschool teachers implementing the playworld pedagogy for the first time in their classroom.

    This case study consists of observations from a two-year ethnographic research project that took place in three preschools, all of which followed a pedagogy of listening and exploratory learning approach originated from the municipal preschools of Reggio Emilia. The research project was originally designed to examine if and how the teachers in these three preschools adopted and adapted into their own practices the Vygotskian-inspired playworld play pedagogy. The research study data was

    In Event: Putting the Teacher in the Picture: Perspectives From Early Childhood Education in Japan, Sweden, Finland, and Brooklyn

    gathered through participant observation using a variety of documentation methods, e. g.: interview, field notes, audio recorded reflection- and planning meetings and teachers pedagogical documentation.

    Findings include the following: Relational competence developed through the fostering of trust and authentic/honest communication, but this communication was often difficult for teachers, pushing them to challenge each other in ways that made them uncomfortable; Relational Competence developed through co-existence, in which “attitude in relationships” had a potential to emerge; “attitude in relationships” occur in playworlds, in which teachers encounter each other and the children in ways that go beyond the “rational” and encourage ethical steps in the development of subjectivity.

  • 16.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry2018In: European Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 2046-9012, E-ISSN 2046-9020, Vol. 42, no 7/8, p. 455-469Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to present a literature review of studies of mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry so as to lay a theoretical basis for learning at work.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A literature review with focus on mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry was used. A search for relevant peer-reviewed articles, in four databases, rendered 315 hits, but only one article dealt with mentorship programs in an industry similar to the manufacturing industry. Thus, it is concluded that there is a lack of research on this area. The selection criteria were broadened so as to include 16 articles on mentorship programs for learning at work.

    Findings

    Three dominant areas emerged from this review: definitions of mentorship, characteristics of a good mentor and mentorship program structures. The establishment of a mentorship program requires a clear purpose; contextual knowledge; and adaption to the profession, the organization and to individual needs. In addition to their findings, the authors discuss relationships in mentoring programs, what can be understood by “reading between the lines” and the ongoing digitalization of mentorship programs.

    Originality/value

    Mentorship has proven itself to be a superior way to learn on the job. This paper provides practical information about establishing mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry, with a particular focus on the moulding industry.

  • 17. Björklund, C.
    et al.
    Kullberg, A.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Venkat, H.
    Critical ways of using fingers in arithmetic problem solving – a study of Swedish 5-yearolds2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Björklund, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Alkhede, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kullberg, Angelika
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Reis, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Marton, Ference
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Teaching finger patterns for arithmetic development to preschoolers2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we describe the empirical and theoretical meaning behind how finger patterns are taught to facilitate the development of preschool children’s perception of the first ten natural numbers. An intervention programme, informed by Variation theory of learning, included 65 five-year-olds and teachers at seven preschool departments in Sweden. The programme aimed at developing teaching activities and artefacts to promote children discerning necessary aspects of the first ten numbers. The design of the programme is significant to describe and evaluate as basis for forthcoming analyses of the learning outcomes, as a pedagogical approach that stands in contrast to common preschool teaching practice in Sweden is adopted.

  • 19.
    Björklund, Camilla
    et al.
    Department of Education, Communication and Learning, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kullberg, Angelika
    Department of Pedagogical, Curricular and Professional studies, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Structuring versus counting: critical ways of using fingers in subtraction2019In: ZDM - the International Journal on Mathematics Education, ISSN 1863-9690, E-ISSN 1863-9704, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 13-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of using fingers as a key component in arithmetic development has received a great deal of support, much of which is based on neuroscientific evidence. However, this body of work pays limited attention to how fingers are used and possible different outcomes in arithmetic problem solving. The aim of our paper, based on an analysis of 126 observations of 4–5-year-olds solving a simple subtraction task, is to discuss different ways of using fingers, with some of the ways appearing more, and others less, powerful. The analysis suggests there is much more complexity to children’s finger-related strategies than prior research has indicated. Empirical findings in our study point to the decisive effects of different ways of using fingers, and in particular for either keeping track of counted units or for presenting a structured awareness of number. Three ways of using fingers emerge in the analysis, which are discussed in relation to their rate of success in solving the subtraction task and with attention to why the differences matter for the success rate. Through this discussion we suggest that the complexity of how fingers are used must be considered. 

  • 20.
    Blomqvist, Maja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Erickson, Anton
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Barns delaktighet och inflytande i förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka barns delaktighet och inflytande över den fysiska inomhusmiljön i förskolan. Det som undersöks i studien är vilket utrymme barnen ges för delaktighet och inflytande i planering, beslutstagande och utformande av förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö, samt hur förskollärarna själva uppfattar barns delaktighet och inflytande i förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö. Studien bygger på en fenomenografisk kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer där utgångspunkten är det interaktionistiska och fenomenologiska perspektivet.Resultatet i studien visar på att grundläggande begrepp för att möjliggöra barns delaktighet och inflytande i förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö ärnärvarande och lyhördhet, föränderlig verksamhet, samt tillåtande och tillgänglighet. Resultatet visar också på att förskollärarna upplever en rädsla över att ge barnen för lite delaktighet och inflytande över förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö.

  • 21.
    Boesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. National Center for Mathematics Education, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lithner, Johan
    Umeå Mathematics Education Research Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Palm, Torulf
    Umeå Mathematics Education Research Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Assessing mathematical competencies: an analysis of Swedish national mathematics tests2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 62, no 1, p. 109-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally, education reform has been directed towards describing educational goals that go beyond topic and content descriptions. The idea of mathematical competencies describes such goals. National tests have been seen as one way of communicating these goals and influence teaching. The present study analyses Swedish national tests in mathematics, and seeks evidence about the extent to which they represent these competencies and may play a role in reforming teaching. The results show that the national tests assess all competencies. However, the study also shows a limited focus on the competencies’ interpretation and evaluation aspects. Thus, the tests do not fully capture the complex nature of the competencies. This may cloud the reform message and restrict the possibilities for the tests to function as levers for reform.

  • 22.
    Brikell, Berndt H.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Uppsatsskrivning i samhällskunskap för ämneslärare: erfarenheter och reflektioner2017In: Framåt uppåt!: Samhällsdidaktiska utmaningar / [ed] Rebecka Florin Sädbom, Mikael Gustafsson & Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Jönköping University , 2017, p. 55-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Brorsson, Victoria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Karlsson, Helin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    "Gurka - xiyar, xiyar sa jag": En studie om pedagogers villkor samt strategier för arbetet med flerspråkiga barn.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en kvalitativ studie med inspiration från det sociokulturella fältet. Syftet med studien är att skaffa kunskaper om hur pedagoger arbetar med flerspråkighet i förskolan med fokus på villkor för arbetet och vilka strategier som används. Frågorna som studien kommer besvara är vilka villkor pedagogerna beskriver som betydelsefulla för arbetet med flerspråkighet samt vilka strategier som används. Fokusgrupper har använts som metod för att samla in studiens empiri och har sedan transkriberats och analyserats. Analysmetoden som använts är innehållsanalys då denna passar sig bäst vid användandet av fokusgrupper. De teman som framkom efter analys av empirin är tid och engagemang som villkor samt trygghet och samverkan som strategier. Resultatet som framkom pekar på att det finns olika villkor i förskolans verksamhet för de barn som är flerspråkiga. Pedagogerna berättar om barnens olika förutsättningar och om de olika villkor samt strategier som pedagoger måste förhålla sig till i sitt arbete med flerspråkiga barn.

     

  • 24.
    Bäcklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Teachers’ experiences of the Flipped Classroom2018In: Mediamorphosis: Indentity & Participation / [ed] Manjula Sriniwas, New Delhi: Excel India Publishers , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Bäcklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Anderström, Helena
    Manderstedt, Lena
    Möjligheter och utmaningar i en övningsskola - VFU-handledares erfarenheter av övningsskolan2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Bäcklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Hugo, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The paradox of the flipped classroom: One method, many intentions2018In: Problems of Education in the 21st Century, ISSN 1822-7864, E-ISSN 2538-7111, Vol. 76, no 4, p. 451-464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Flipped Classroom is a teaching model where content attainment is shifted forward to outside of class, to be followed up by the teacher in class. In Sweden this way of teaching has become very popular during recent years. But what is gained by this way of teaching? Research on the Flipped Classroom in the context of the Swedish High School system is close to non-existent; why studies within this field are of great importance. In order to find appropriate informants, an electronic survey was constructed. Informants matching the selection criteria were then selected for qualitative interviews. In total nine informants agreed to participate in interviews (Semi-structured) to describe their experiences from flipping their own classrooms. The informants reported that the transition from more conventional ways of teaching to using the Flipped Classroom entailed major changes. The informants pointed out that the process of moving away from the more conventional way of teaching improved their teaching. All of the informants expressed they all used the Flipped Classroom methodology but they all did it with different goals in mind and their approach varied a lot. By using the same terminology, it might seem that they worked with the Flipped Classroom in similar ways, but the results show they did not. Herein lies the problem: Teachers say they flip their classrooms, which they do, but they do not share the same goals or approaches, just the term: The Flipped Classroom.

  • 27.
    Cai, Jessica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Huzejrovic, Zerina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Kulturell mångfald i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie av förskollärares uppfattningar och beskrivningar av deras förhållningssätt till kulturell mångfald2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Carlgren, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Eriksson, Inger
    Stockholms universitet.
    Runesson, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Learning study2017In: Undervisningsutvecklande forskning: exemplet learning study / [ed] Ingrid Carlgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, p. 17-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Csányi, Sarolta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Developing social interactions through outdoor education in multicultural preschool settings: Teachers’ perspectives2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify and investigate preschool teachers’ experiences and views on the role of outdoor education on social interactions. The research questions were: How do the teachers conceptualize outdoor activities’ role on social interactions in multicultural preschool settings? How do the teachers foster social interactions through outdoor education? What kind of challenges have the teachers faced regarding outdoor education in multicultural preschool groups? Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five preschool teachers from three different preschools in a multicultural suburb in southern Sweden. The results showed that – despite children’s possible aversions to engaging in activities in the outdoors - outdoor activities are supportive of the development of closer bonds within the group. According to the teachers interviewed, the natural settings bring calmness and openness, therefore this environment facilitates social interactions among children. The lack of strictly preplanned activities offer children opportunities to follow their interests and to have shared experiences through the discovery of nature. Their willingness for collaborative explorations is a basis for joint play, discussion and group work.

  • 30.
    Dahlin, Evelina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Vet du hur mycket klockan är?: En läromedelsanalys om tid- och klockuppgifters utrymme i svenska läromedel2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has been done within mathematic education. The purpose of the study is to analyse how much space time- and clock assignments are given in relation to other quantities in two popular teaching materials. Analysis and interpretations of assignments from the two teaching materials have been the basis for the study.

     The study has been restricted to containing teaching materials for grade 1-3. This subject was chosen because the curriculum in mathematic can be seen as rather slim when it comes to time and the clock, therefore it can be interesting to see how much space these assignments get in the different teaching materials. The study has its foundation in the sociocultural perspective, which means that humans learn in interplay with one another.  The sociocultural perspective is the most central perspective of the curriculum for the elementary school  (Skolverket, 2018) and is also strongly connected to the five mathematical abilities the study contains. The result also shows that the five mathematical abilities are not clearly shown through the assignments of the teaching materials. The result also shows that the five mathematical abilities are not revealed in a clear way through the assignments in the teaching materials. However, the five mathematical abilities can be made more visible through interpretations by those who work with the teaching material. Teacher manuals proved helpful to some degree when it comes to interpretation of what abilities that can be learned through the assignments.

  • 31.
    Dahlström, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Nilsson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    "Det är ingen alls som tvättar leksaker idag": En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares erfareheter av ansvarsfördelning i förskolans arbetslag2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att få kunskap om arbetslagsarbete i förskolan. För att få svar på detta har följande frågeställning besvarats: Hur beskriver förskollärare ansvarsfördelningen mellan förskollärare och barnskötare i arbetslaget?

    Studien bygger på sex semistrukturerade intervjuer med förskollärare. Informanterna valdes genom ett kvoturval. Informanterna delar utmärkande drag så som kommun och förskollärarutbildning. Den insamlade empirin har analyserats med hjälp av kodning och tematisering genom ett verksamhetsteoretiskt perspektiv.

    Resultatet av denna studie utläses med hjälp av Engeströms verksamhetsmodell. Slutsatsen är att det finns en norm, i form av ett rättvisetänk baserat på tid när det kommer till ansvarsfördelningen mellan förskollärare och barnskötare. Konsekvensen av denna norm är att gränserna mellan förskollärare och barnskötare suddats ut, vilket medför att ansvarsfördelningen blir otydlig.

  • 32.
    Dahlström, Linnea
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), School-Age Educare Research.
    Elevassistans i fritidshemmet: Lärare i fritidshems erfarenheter av elevassistans2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt läroplanen för grundskolan har alla elever rätt till en likvärdig skola och för en del elever innebär det extra anpassningar eller särskilt stöd (Skolverket, rev. 2018). Efter tre år på grundlärarprogrammet är min upplevelse att elever i behov av det särskilda stödet elevassistans sällan får ta med sig sin hjälp till fritids. Syftet med studien är därför att undersöka vilka erfarenheter lärare i fritidshem har av elever med eller utan elevassistans. För att uppfylla studiens syfte besvaras tre frågeställningar angående lärare i fritidshems erfarenheter av resursen. I studien tillämpas en kvalitativ metod i form av enskilda intervjuer och materialet har analyserats ur ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv. Studiens frågeställningar besvaras genom två diskursiva sammansättningar som framkom i undersökningens analysprocess. Den första diskursiva sammansättningen visar att respondenterna beskriver elevassistenters uppdrag som otydligt, men om rektorn ger tydliga riktlinjer är resursen en tillgång för hela verksamheten. I den andra diskursiva sammansättningen framkom det att resursen bidrog till en trygghetskänsla i verksamheten samt att elever i behov av elevassistans tenderar att utveckla låg självkänsla om deras behov inte tillgodoses.

  • 33.
    Dawood Lazar, Pelait
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Zayat, Mirna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Förskollärares olika roller som deltagare i lek: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares delaktighet i barns lek2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att bidra till kunskapandet om förskollärares deltagande i barns lek. För att uppnå syftet har följande frågeställning besvarats: Vilka former tar sig förskollärarnas delaktighet i barns lek?

    Studien är genomförd med kvalitativa intervjuer samt observationer där förskollärares delaktighet i barns lek har undersökts. Deltagarna valdes utifrån ett strategiskt urval där syftet är att välja förskollärare som aktivt deltar i leken. Datainsamlingen är analyserad utifrån verksamhetsteori, särskilt Yrjö Engeströms modell av verksamhetssystem, som har sin grund i ett sociokulturellt perspektiv.

    Resultat visar att förskollärarnas delaktighet i barns lek kan beskrivas som fem framträdande roller: Verifieraren, Hänsynstagaren, Kunskapsförmedlaren, Relationsskaparen och Initieraren. Det vill säga att förskollärarna intar ovanstående roller i barns lek med ändamål att; se till att barn trivs i leken, deltagandet sker på barns villkor, förmedla kunskap, skapa och stärka relationer samt sätter igång en lek för att engagera och stötta barn.

  • 34.
    Dybelius, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Ett hårt liv - en ond bråd död!: En betraktelse och berättelse om conquistadoren Francisco Pizarro2017Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Dybelius, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Vad ska jag skriva om? En idé- och metodbok: Bland Drakenplan och karoliner. Tre berättelser om hur man finner ett uppsatsämne.2017Book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Differences in pre-school teachers' ways of handling a part-part-whole activity2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The data in this paper draws from an eight-month intervention study based on the idea that children need to discern the first ten natural numbers as relations of parts and whole to develop their arithmetic skills. In order to implement educational activities according to this conjecture, a group of Swedish preschool teachers worked closely with a research team, planning, enacting and analyzing activities. In this paper I describe how nine pre-school teachers, across 67 video-recorded films, handled one of these activities, called the ‘snake game’ with their groups of 5-year-old children. Using analysis based on variation theory, the results point to differences in the enactment of the ‘snakegame’ in terms of if and how the teachers foregrounded the structural aspects of numbers embedded in the activity.

  • 37.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Björklund, C.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Finger Patterns as means to experience numbers' part-part-whole relations2018In: Proceedings of the 42nd Conference of the International Group for Psychology of Mathematics education / [ed] E. Bergqvist, M. Österholm, C. Granberg & L. Sumpter, Umeå: PME , 2018, Vol. 5, p. 42-42Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Björklund, Camilla
    Göteborgs universitet.
    ”10-masken” och förskolebarns lärande i målstyrda processer2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I forskningsprojektet FASETT (VR-UVK 2014-1791) undersöker vi 5-åringars taluppfattning och aritmetikfärdigheter och möjligheterna att genom målorienterade processer stötta barn i att utveckla framgångsrika strategier för aritmetisk problemlösning. I två kommuner har vi tillsammans med förskollärare prövat ut aktiviteter i syfte att utveckla särskilda förmågor som förmodas vara nödvändiga för framgångsrik problemlösning i aritmetik, såsom att urskilja tals del-helhets-struktur, fingertal samt representationer av tal. Barnens (N= 65) taluppfattning och hur deras förskollärare arbetat med förmågorna på ett systematiskt sätt presenteras i föreläsningen, med tyngdpunkt på vad som görs möjligt att lära i aktiviteterna och effekter för barnens utveckling av talförståelse och aritmetikfärdigheter. Aktiviteter som prövats ut i projektet är teoretiskt grundade i Variationsteorin (Marton, 2015). I projektet uppmuntrar vi användning av fingrarna som redskap för att strukturera tal och operera med tal. Flera av aktiviteterna påminner om bekanta lekar och spel från förskolan, till exempel tärningsspel, ”10-masken” och enklare räknesagor. I föreläsningen presenterar vi en fördjupad analys av aktiviteten ”10-masken”, hur förskollärarna iscensatt aktiviteten på olika sätt och vilken betydelse det har haft för barnens lärandemöjligheter. ”10-masken” består av ett snöre med tio pärlor, där ett antal pärlor göms i handen och resten förblir synliga. Uppgiften är att ta reda på hur många pärlor som är gömda. Detta är inte en ny aktivitet i förskolan. Däremot, indikerar vår analys, spelar det roll hur en aktivitet med så många matematiska idéer introduceras och tas om hand av förskolläraren i mötet med barnen. Baserat på resultatet kan vi se att ”10-masken” erbjuder en potential av viktiga matematiska idéer, som är av stor pedagogisk betydelse för barns matematiklärande, men det spelar en avgörande roll hur förskolläraren gör i aktiviteten.

  • 39.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Björklund, Camilla
    Gothenburg University.
    A structural approach to the ten first natural numbers: Pre-school teachers’ different ways of handling the artefact; ‘snake-game’.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Kullberg, Angelika
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Different learning possibilities in preschool mathematics from the same task2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper one specific task in a series of tasks focusing on part-part-whole relations of the ten first natural numbers and finger patterns for structure number relations, is presented and discussed. The tasks were designed, planned and enacted in an intervention program conducted in Swedish preschool during an eight-month period. In the program nine preschool teachers worked in close collaboration with the research team in planning how to enact tasks with their 5-year-old children, in an iterative process. The specific task, called the ‘snake game’, consists of five or ten beads on a string, some of the beads where to be hidden and the children would find out the hidden part by using structured finger patterns. The task was designed in accordance with the variation theory assumptions that certain aspects need to be discerned as dimensions of variations. The aim of the paper is to examine which dimensions of variations that were opened up by the teachers and what was made possible for the children to learn from the enactment of the ‘snake game task’. The data set includes 67 video observations from the teacher’s enactment of the task. The results suggest that what seems to be a ‘non-complex task’ (five/ ten beads on a string) offers rich mathematical experiences and has potential to bring fore important aspects of numbers and number relations. However, depending on which dimensions of variations that were opened up reveals different learning possibilities.

  • 41.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Lindgren, Helen
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Gemensamt fokus på förskolebarns taluppfattning och aritmetiska förmågor: Ett samverkansprojekt där teori och praktik flätas samman2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I forskningsprojektet FASETT[1] flätas teori och praktik samman. Projektet syftar till att generera kunskap om barns tidiga taluppfattning, utifrån delvis andra perspektiv än de dominerande inom fältet, och se hur en pedagogisk verksamhet i samverkan med forskare kan bidra till barns utveckling av aritmetikfärdigheter.

    I projektet arbetade nio förskollärare och 65 femåringar på fem förskolenheter i ett tätt samarbete med en grupp forskare under en åttamånadersperiod. Deltagarna träffades kontinuerligt, diskuterade och fördjupade sig i aritmetiken med fokus på aktiviteter gällande de tio första talens del-del-helhetsrelationer. Aktiviteterna var till viss del välkända, men bearbetade utifrån tidigare forskningsresultat och variationsteorin (Neuman, 1987; Marton, 2015). Utgångspunkten och reflektionerna vid gruppträffarna var intervjuer av barnens olika sätt att uppfatta tal och lösa enklare aritmetikproblem samt lärarnas iscensättande av de planerade aktiviteterna. Genom att gemensamt diskutera de filmade aktiviteterna kunde aktiviteterna förfinas och förskollärarnas didaktik utvecklas för att möta barnens behov. 

    Pågående analyser visar att designen av projektet möjliggjort för förskollärare och forskare att i kollaboration implementera ett alternativt teoretiskt underbyggt sätt att utveckla barns taluppfattning och förmåga att   lösa enklare aritmetikproblem genom att exempelvis använda sig av fingrarna som redskap för att strukturera talrelationer och inte enbart räkna ’ett till ett’.

    Analysen av de barnintervjuer som gjordes innan aktiviteterna introduceras och de barnintervjuer som gjordes efter forskningsprojektets slut visar att förskollärarnas målorienterade processer med största sannolikhet haft effekter på barnens aritmetiska förmågor. De preliminära resultaten indikerar att valet av att fokusera på ett fåtal aktiviteter möjliggjorde för en djupare reflektion kring teoretiska antaganden och vad barn behöver få syn på för att lära sig om tal och talrelationer.

    [1] ”Förmågan Att Sinnligt Erfara de Tio första Talen som nödvändig grund för aritmetiska färdigheter”, finansierat av Vetenskapsrådet 2015-2018

  • 42.
    Ekdahl, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.
    Venkat, Hamsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.
    Askew, Mike
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.
    Weaving in connections: Studying changes in early grades additive relations teaching2018In: South African Journal of Childhood Education, ISSN 2223-7674, E-ISSN 2223-7682, Vol. 8, no 1, article id a540Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we present aspects of teaching that draw attention to connections – both within and between examples – in order to explore the potential objects of learning that are brought into being in the classroom space and thus what is made available to learn. Our focus is on exploring differences in teaching over time, in the context of learning study style development activity of additive relation problems in three Grade 3 classes in South Africa. In a context where highly-localised and fragmented instruction has been noted, this study reports on the nature and extent of changes in connections in instruction over time. The application of a coding framework focused on simultaneity and connections in teaching points to a richer range of structural relationships within examples, and more connecting work between examples in the second year in comparison to the first year.

  • 43.
    Ferholt, Beth
    et al.
    Brooklyn College, USA.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Nilsson, Monica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Adult and Child Learning in Playworlds2018In: The Cambridge Handbook of Play: Developmental and Disciplinary Perspectives / [ed] J. Roopnarie and P. Smith, Cambridge University Press, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Ferholt, Beth
    et al.
    Department of Early Childhood and Art Education, Brooklyn College, New York, USA.
    Nilsson, Monica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Preschool teachers being people alongside young children: The development of adults' relational competences in playworlds2019In: Rethinking play as pedagogy / [ed] Sophie Alcock & Nicola Stobbs, New York: Routledge, 2019, p. 17-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Att utbildas för att utbilda: en didaktisk reflektion om av undervisa blivande ämneslärare2017In: Framåt uppåt!: Samhällsdidaktiska utmaningar / [ed] Rebecka Florin Sädbom, Mikael Gustafsson & Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Jönköping University , 2017, 1, p. 17-33Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Bäcklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Anderström, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Manderstedt, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    En skenbar tydlighet? En studie om VFU-handledares och lärarstudenters beskrivningar av hur bedömningsmatrisen används i handledningssamtal2019In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 48-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien presenteras resultatet från en delstudie som ingår i ett större forskningsprojekt om kvalitetsaspekter rörande den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningen inom grundlärarutbildningens försöksverksamhet. Det övergripande syftet med försöksverksamheten är att höja kvaliteten på den verksamhetsförlagda delen av lärarutbildningen, och att på olika sätt förbättra studenternas möjligheter till god handledning inom ramen för projektet. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att bilda kunskap om på vilka sätt som VFU-handledare och lärarstudenter beskriver användandet av bedömningsmatrisen i handledningssamtal. Studien är genomförd på lärarutbildningens inriktningar år F–3 och 4–6.

    Materialet består av sju skuggningar av genomförda handledningssamtal, fjorton enskilda intervjuer med VFU-handledare och lärarstudenter samt två fokusgruppsintervjuer med studenter. Data analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys och analyserades sedan med utgångspunkt i en sociokulturell ansats. Resultatet visar att bedömningsmatrisen både tolkas och används på olika sätt under VFU:n och i handledningssamtal. Studenterna efterfrågar en tydligare formativ funktion för användning av matrisen i de handledningssamtal som genomförs inom ramen för övningsskolorna medan VFU-handledarna tenderar att uppehålla sig vid att problematisera innehållsliga aspekter av bedömningsdokumentet.

  • 47.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Bäcklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Manderstedt, Lena
    Anderström, Helena
    Verktyg för lärande eller bedömning av lärande? En studie om lärarstudenters och VFU-handledares förståelse av bedömningsmatrisens funktion i handledningssamtal2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Gustafsson, MikaelJönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.Larsson, Hans AlbinJönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Framåt uppåt!: Samhällsdidaktiska utmaningar2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF).
    Lindström, Clare
    Assarsson, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Nersäter, Anders
    Undervisningsutvecklande forskning med learning study som guidande princip2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF).
    Nersäter, Åsa
    Förstelärarens roll förskolutveckling - ett  forsknings- och förstelärarperspektiv2017Conference paper (Refereed)
1234 1 - 50 of 175
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