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  • 1.
    Nyström, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Obeido, Anwar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Nyckelfaktorer för en förbättrad samverkan mellan markavvattningsföretag och kommuner vid stadsutveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Focus on stormwater management is important because water pollution and flood risks are increasingly anticipated effects of climate change and urbanization. In case of urban growth areas, municipalities want to exploit the existing ditches rather than install new pipes. Here cooperation with agricultural drainage organizations may be required. This study contains exposition of key factors to facilitate such cooperation’s to support sustainable urban development. The purpose of this study is to facilitate the cooperation between agricultural drainage organizations and municipalities in order to avoid flooding and pollution which urbanization and climate change can result in. The objective is to identify factors that can help improve cooperation between agricultural drainage organizations and municipalities.

    Method: The study was carried out as a case study of municipal cooperation with agricultural drainage organizations. Data was collected from literature studies and semi-structured interviews with municipalities with previous such experiences; Linköping and Norrköping.

    Findings: The factors that can improve cooperation are foremost communication between both parties in order to find mutual benefits and to keep the registers over agricultural drainage organizations updated. This case study has shown that improvement of collaboration can be achieved through counseling support from a transparent actor. Norrköping Municipality wishes for a simple handbook accessible even to actors with little to no prior knowledge about the process. The case study has also shown that agricultural drainage organizations are stakeholders who have a high interest in influencing projects while also having the power to control the project's time aspect. These are the key stakeholders of the project, who are important players for the project as a whole and who must be prioritized, kept informed and satisfied to facilitate collaboration. To maintain sustainable urban development the risks of flooding and water pollution need to be minimized to protect biodiversity. Open ditches mitigate the load on drainage systems which reduces the risk of flooding and support biodiversity.

    Implications: Knowledge of the importance in using open ditches is necessary to maintain sustainable urban development. There is data missing in the registers over agricultural drainage organizations since they are not updated. This results in difficulties for municipalities when trying to reach the correct person. This problem also results in some agricultural drainage organizations missing knowledge of their part in projects. There is also no authority to consult in these cooperative projects.

    Limitations: The study does not consider other aspects beside the cooperation between municipalities and agricultural drainage organizations. Only municipalities with prior experience of working with agricultural drainage organizations were questioned as the questions required certain knowledge about these processes. It was also appropriate to only consider factors that affect the cooperative process without studying other affecting aspects like the permeability or water uptake of plants since this does not affect the results of the study.

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