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  • 1.
    Olofsgård, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindén, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Fysisk aktivitet för patienter med hjärtsvikt – ur ett livskvalitetsperspektiv: En kvantitativ litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 200 000 persons in Sweden are living with heart failure. Early symptoms are dyspnea, fatigue and difficulties in daily activities due to lack of energy. As the heart failure proceeds the patients are often facing anxiety, sleep deprivation and depression. Perceived physical limitations has shown to correlate well with perceived quality of life. Many patients with heart failure avoids physical activity due to feelings of uncertainty. The role of the nurse is to make the patient feel comfortable and safe to engage in physical training, by providing knowledge. It is important to identify a suitable level and form of individually tailored training.

    The purpose of the literary review was to describe how various forms of physical activities affects quality of life in patients with heart failure. 16 quantitative articles were chosen and analyzed.

    The result shows that physical training affects quality of life in a positive manner in heart failure patients. Level of participation is of greater importance than the form of training. Supervised training has shown to increase participation, as well as social interaction.

    By providing individually adjusted information and by identifying a form of training suitable to the patient, the nurse is able to influence the patient towards an increased engagement in physical activities, presumably leading to improved quality of life.

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