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  • 1.
    Küller, Albert
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    How the size of a Country Affects its Performance when joining the European Monetary Union2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to evaluate if smaller countries that have joined the ‘European Monetary Union’ outperform their larger partners in terms of higher growth and lower inflation. This is something suggested by the theory of Optimum Currency Areas (OCA). Three smaller countries, Austria, Finland and Ireland, were selected for analysis. Their growth and inflation were compared to the weighted growth and inflation of France, Germany and Italy and against a control-group of advanced countries.

    A simple form of regression analysis along with some graphical analysis was used and the results to some extent support that the small countries have outperformed their larger partners in term of growth. On the other hand they seem to experience a relatively higher inflation, which is contradicting the OCA theory. Perhaps this can be explained by the fact that higher growth is often associated with higher inflation in more advanced countries.

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  • 2.
    Küller, Albert
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    What's Wrong with the Baltics: The Rise and Fall of the Baltic Tigers2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to from a Swedish perspective investigate the fantastic growth rates of Estonia and Latvia and why it became such a massive collapse when the world economy was slowing down.

    To build a theoretical foundation for the investigation several international macroeconomic theories such as the Mundell-Flemming model, the fundamental national income equilibrium, and international parity relations were used.

    The empirical section shows that Estonia and Latvia have based much of their growth on imports from their Baltic and especially their Nordic neighbours. At the same time they have been highly dependent on continuously growing Nordic stock markets and high risk appetite from investors to be able to keep the fabulous growth figures.

    The conclusions drawn are that it has been possible for Estonia and Latvia to grow at fast rates, by running large current accounts deficits, as long as the world was in a boom. But when the world economy is slowing down they are now forced into the very painful process of re-establishing a more balanced current account.

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    FULLTEXT01
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