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  • 1.
    Arvidsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Centre for Research & Development, Uppsala University, Gävleborg, Sweden.
    Dada, Shakila
    Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Faculty of Humanities, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Imms, Christine
    Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medical, Dental and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Shi, Lin Jun
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Heping District, China.
    Kang, Lin Ju
    Graduate Institute of Early Intervention, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan.
    Hwang, Ai-Wen
    Graduate Institute of Early Intervention, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan.
    Huus, Karina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Structural validity and internal consistency of Picture My Participation: A measure for children with disability2021In: African Journal of Disability, ISSN 2226-7220, Vol. 10, article id a763Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Picture My Participation (PMP) intended to measure participation, defined as attendance and involvement in everyday situations, of children with disabilities, particularly in low- and middle-income settings.

    Objectives: To explore structural validity of PMP by identifying possible subcomponents in the attendance scale and examining internal consistency of the total score and each subcomponent.

    Method: A picture-supported interview was conducted with 182 children, 7–18 years, with and without intellectual disability (ID). Frequency of attendance in 20 activities was rated on a four-point Likert scale (never, seldom, sometimes and always).

    Results: An exploratory principal component analysis extracted four subcomponents: (1) organised activities, (2) social activities and taking care of others, (3) family life activities and 4) personal care and development activities. Internal consistency for the total scale (alpha = 0.85) and the first two subcomponents (alpha = 0.72 and 0.75) was acceptable. The two last subcomponents alpha values were 0.57 and 0.49.

    Conclusion: The four possible subcomponents of PMP can be used to provide information about possible domains in which participation and participation restrictions exist. This study provided further psychometric evidence about PMP as a measure of participation. The stability and the utility of these subcomponents needed further exploration.

  • 2.
    Shi, Lin Jun
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Zhao, Yue
    School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Huus, Karina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Construct validity of the simplified Chinese version of the instrument ‘Picture My Participation’2024In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 31, no 1, article id 2348816Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Preliminary evidence of the content validity of the simplified Chinese version of ‘Picture My Participation’ (PMP-C; Simplified) items and reliability of the subscale attendance for the effectiveness of the use with children and youth in mainland China has been collected. However, evidence of construct validity for the instrument is not yet available.

    Aim

    To explore the construct validity of the attendance scale in PMP-C (Simplified).

    Methods

    A cross-sectional study using convenience sampling was conducted using PMP-C (Simplified) with a picture-supported interview for 290 children and youths aged 5–21 with and without ID in urban and rural areas of mainland China. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed using the principal component analysis (PCA) to analyse the resulting data.

    Results

    The EFA extracted five factors with eigenvalues greater than one and the cumulative contribution rate of factors accounted for 51.62% of the variance. All items had factor loadings above 0.50. The five subcomponents included: organised activities, social activities, taking care of others, family life activities and personal care and development activities.

    Conclusion

    The results of the factor analysis support the construct validity of the PMP-C (Simplified) attendance scale. It provides further psychometric evidence that PMP-C (Simplified) is a sound measure to assess participation for children and youths in mainland China.

  • 3.
    Shi, Lin Jun
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Zhao, Yue
    School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Huus, Karina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Participation in everyday activities – a comparison of children with and without intellectual disability in rural and urban areas of mainland ChinaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Shi, Linjun
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Participation in everyday activities among children with intellectual disabilities in mainland China: The development, verification, and application of the Picture My Participation instrument2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Participation in everyday activities is seen as a main outcome of rehabilitation for children. ‘Picture My Participation’ (PMP) is a validated questionnaire for assessing participation in everyday activities by children with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries, but it is not yet available in simplified Chinese.

    Aims: The overall aims of this thesis were to validate a simplified Chinese version of Picture My Participation as a participation assessment tool, the PMP-C (simplified), and also to describe the attendance and involvement in everyday activities of children with IDs and their TD peers in rural and urban areas of mainland China as well as barriers and facilitators of participation from the perspectives of children and their primary caregivers.

    Methods: This thesis reports four studies conducted to carry out these aims. Studies I and II used a quantitative method with a cross-sectional instrument validation design to cross-culturally adapt the PMP-C (simplified) and explored its validity and reliability. Based on this, Study III used a cross-sectional design to compare the frequency and involvement of children with IDs and TD in everyday activities in rural and urban areas of mainland China. Meanwhile, Study IV used a descriptive and explorative design with an inductive qualitative content analysis approach to describe primary caregivers’ perceptions of barriers and facilitators related to participation in everyday activities among children with IDs in mainland China.

    Results: All items in the PMP-C (simplified) had excellent content and face validity. The internal consistency, reliability coefficient, and test-retest reliability of the subscale scores were excellent (Study I). The construct validity of the subscale scores extracted five subcomponents: organised activities, social activities, taking care of others, family life activities, and personal care and development activities (Study II). Children with IDs reported lower participation than children with TD in terms of their total scores for attendance and involvement but reported the same levels of involvement in the subcomponents taking care of others and family life activities as children with TD in urban areas. Concerning differences between urban and rural contexts, both children with TD and IDs in rural areas reported lower total scores for attendance and for all subcomponents except social activities than their urban counterparts. There was no significant difference in the total involvement score between rural and urban contexts for children with IDs; however, children with TD in urban areas reported higher involvement than their rural counterparts (Study III). Four categories of barriers to participation in everyday activities for children with IDs were identified: insufficient knowledge, attitudes, and skills in primary caregivers; ID-related characteristics of children; stigma and Chinese culture; and lack of societal support. Four categories describing facilitators were identified: the optimistic attitude of the primary caregiver, adequate family support; active school and policy environments, and enjoyable characteristics of children with IDs (Study IV).

    Conclusion: This thesis provides psychometric evidence that the PMP-C (simplified) is a valid and reliable measure of participation in mainland China and enable children with ID to have “a voice” and to report their own perspectives. The findings regarding ID–TD and urban–rural disparities in participation and the barriers and facilitators of participation among children with IDs offer important insights concerning environmental aspects when planning future intervention studies focused on promoting participation in mainland China.

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  • 5.
    Shi, Linjun
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Wang, Lan
    School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Huus, Karina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Barriers and facilitators to participation in everyday activities for children with intellectual disabilities in China2023In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 346-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are vulnerable and participate less in everyday activities compared to their peers with typical development. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators related to the participation in everyday activities of children with IDs in China.

    METHODS: Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted with primary caregivers of children with IDs from special schools in Tianjin, China. The data was transcribed and analysed using inductive qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: Four categories of barriers to participation in everyday activities for children with IDs were identified: Insufficient knowledge, attitudes and skills in primary caregivers; ID-related characteristics of children; Stigma and Chinese culture; and Lack of support from society. Four categories describing facilitators of participation in everyday activities for children with IDs were also identified: The optimistic attitude of the primary caregiver; Adequate family support; Active environment in school and policy; and Attractive characteristics of children with IDs.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings in this study add knowledge on important barriers and facilitators affecting the participation of children with IDs in everyday activities in China. The primary caregivers' voices need to be heard by government and society. Appropriate and effective changes in family-oriented services and the legal, social, political and economic context of the child welfare management system for the scale-up of improving participation should be implemented for children with IDs.

  • 6.
    Shi, Linjun
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Zhao, Yue
    School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Hwang, Ai-Wen
    Graduate Institute of Early Intervention, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan.
    Kang, Lin-Ju
    Graduate Institute of Early Intervention, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan.
    Huus, Karina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Transcultural adaptation, content validity and reliability of the instrument 'Picture My Participation' for children and youth with and without intellectual disabilities in mainland China2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 147-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: 'Picture My Participation' (PMP) is a validated questionnaire for assessing participation in everyday activities by children with disabilities in low and middle income countries, but it is not yet available in simplified Chinese.

    AIM: To describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the simplified Chinese version of 'Picture My Participation' (PMP-C; Simplified) and explore its validity and reliability.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study using convenience sampling was conducted using PMP-C (Simplified) with structured interviews supported by pictures for children and youth with and without intellectual disabilities (ID) in mainland China. The validity of the PMP-C (Simplified) was demonstrated by face validity and content validity while the reliability was evaluated for internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

    RESULTS: Five items were slightly modified and eight pictures were revised to improve their fit with the culture of mainland China. All the items in PMP-C (Simplified) had excellent content validity, and face validity. The internal consistency, reliability coefficient and test-retest reliability of the subscale attendance for children and youth with and without ID were excellent.

    CONCLUSION: Preliminary evidence of the content validity of PMP-C (Simplified) items and reliability of the subscale attendance for use with children and youth in mainland China has been gathered. However, psychometric properties in terms of construct validity for the whole instrument and reliability for the engagement subscale need further exploration.

1 - 6 of 6
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • nn-NO
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