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  • 1.
    Adlemo, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Department of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Conway, Patrick L. J.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Hansen, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Physics and Mathematics and Chemical Engineering.
    Rico-Cortez, Marisol
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Hybrid education: A critical review into challenges and opportunities2023In: Proceedings of the International CDIO Conference, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet , 2023, p. 857-865Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid education is a complex combination of simultaneous face-to-face and online teaching. This model of teaching comes with a wide range of benefits, primarily being able to offer the same content to a wider audience. Hybrid education became an effective form of teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic. In these post pandemic years, the benefit of hybrid education can still be utilized, allowing for improved flexibility in teaching schedules, engaging students in interactive learning, bringing online students closer to the teacher and face-to-face students, and offering education to students who could not otherwise participate. However, with all the benefits of hybrid education, there are some significant challenges which restrict the implementation or hinder the full potential of hybrid education. Some key challenges are student engagement from the online students with the teacher as well as with other students, technological requirements, physical classroom set-up, education of the teachers, and time investment in re-structuring courses. In this article, we review the challenges of hybrid education, strategies to address these challenges focusing on implementation and effectiveness, as well as evaluating student feedback from students at Jönköping University that have been a part of hybrid education. 

  • 2.
    Almssad, Asaad
    et al.
    Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Department of Sustainable architecture, Archcrea Institute, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Efficient daylighting approach by means of light-shelve device adequate for habitat program in Aarhus City2014In: International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, ISSN 2315-4462, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 441-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concepts of light shelves consist of windows that have face towards the sun, which receive a vast quantity of energy that could be used for healthy day lighting. This paper debates a main assessment, investigates the optimization of daylight requirement by means of light shelves system. An experimental test was carried out assessing the measurements and lighting simulations of a model of a building in order to elucidate the characteristics of indoor lighting. Light shelf is an architectural element that permits daylight to enter deep into a building. It constitutes an optimal solution for an incorrect building orientation and less sunny days. The essential objective of this study is to highlight the vital role of light shelves in residential buildings in northern Europa where the requirement is to improve the daylight in the interior functional spaces. The main objects of this paper are to investigate the effect of daylight in the interior functional spaces using light shelves, the effect of natural light diffusion in interior space in the period of low daylight season, and glare effect in this field. This paper investigates a procedure for analysing the daylight performance using software habitat function program. The experiment focuses on the difference between light shelves placed in the interior, vs. on the exterior.

  • 3.
    Almssad, Asaad
    et al.
    Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Environmental reply to vernacular habitat conformation from a vast areas of Scandinavia2015In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 48, p. 825-834Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many original ideas and useful system inputs embedded in the building of human settlements in Scandinavian regions, where the landscape and habitat are strongly interconnected. A cold climate and strong winds are the most prominent risks that affect habitats. The Longhouse is the foremost traditional habitat in the Scandinavian region, dating back to the Iron Age, 2000 BC. This study examines the influence of climate on the conformation of habitats. Climate had a solid impact on the conceptions of habitat form and internal space. Wind and extreme temperatures had firming consequences on the housing arrangements, layouts, orientations, and building materials used in the construction process. Habitats from this region were located in an optimal arrangement, and the south orientation was used effectively. This investigation will provide an evaluative interpretation and analysis of the real facts of vernacular habitats in the context of energy efficiency and ecological concepts, considering human settlement patterns, architectural creation and building material uses. 

  • 4.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Archcrea Institute, Viby J, Denmark.
    Biophilic and bioclimatic architecture: Analytical therapy for the next generation of passive sustainable architecture2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of biophilic and bioclimatic architecture represents one of the most promising ideas in sustainable building. Together with its consideration of ecologically harmless materials and use of renewable energy sources, it brings an enormous quality increase in planning and workmanship, as well as an improvement in inhabitants' comfort. This valuable concept merits a dedicated discussion.

    Biophilic and Bioclimatic Architecture outlines a new movement that aims to create environmentally-friendly, energy-efficient buildings and developments by effectively managing natural resources. The book has three parts:

    • Part I focuses on the impact of human needs on the creation process and assesses the concept of value in architectural hypotheses.
    • Part II opens the way to a new understanding of biophilic architecture as a response to destructive human activities and also considers the side effects of using natural resources.
    • Part III shows the significant benefits of making the connection between climate and comfort that can be achieved through bioclimatic architecture.

    Biophilic and Bioclimatic Architecture will enable architects, engineers and other specialists to develop innovative, sustainable architectural designs.

  • 5.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science. Jönköping university.
    Blending Human Ware with Software and Hardware in the Design of Smart Cities2022In: Sustainable Smart Cities: A vision for tomorrow / [ed] Prof. Amjad Almusaed Ph.D, UK: InTech, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable innovation entails realizing society-oriented value creation in an environment-friendly manner. A smart city can be viewed as a holistic paradigm that avails of state-of-the-art information and communication technologies (ICTs, in other words) to advance the so-called “Internet of Things.” This aids the management of urban processes and improves the quality of life for the citizens. Smart cities are bound to keep getting “smarter” as the ICTs keep developing. While the technological factor represented by the IoT, augmented and virtual reality, artificial intelligence, urban digital twinning, cloud computing, and mobile Internet is a driving factor unarguably, innovation in urban ecology is a vital socio-economic factor that will spur the transformation of urban areas in the world to smart cities. In this chapter, the authors answer the “what,” how, and “who,” so to say, of the paradigm—smart cities—with real-life examples and a case study. They emphasize the importance of human ware and remind readers that technology—the all-encompassing Internet of Things with its infantry of cameras, sensors, and electronic devices—though powerful, is a humble servant in the service of the inhabitants of a smart city.

  • 6.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Effective thermal insulation - the operative factor of a passive building model2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book has been written to present elementary practical and efficient applications in saving energy concept, as well as propose a solitary action for this category of topics. The book aims to illustrate various methods in treatment the concept of thermal insulation such as processes and the attempt to build an efficient passive building model.

  • 7.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Introductory chapter: A general reading process on landscape architecture2018In: Landscape architecture - the sense of places, models and applications / [ed] Amjad Almusaed, London: IntechOpen , 2018, p. 3-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From introductory paragraph: Landscape architecture is a multidisciplinary of different fields of knowledge that combines various artistic, technical, and scientific sphere aspects such as visual arts, design, descriptive geometry, history and architecture theory, urbanism, fundamental notions of botany, pedagogy, hydrology, sociology, economics, and so on. It supports a clear combination between designing and managing according to certain principles and techniques of external functional spaces in which human activities will take place, where the activity of the landscape architect addresses both urban and rural environments, irrespective of its jurisdiction (private or public).

  • 8.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Introductory chapter: Overview on grass topic2017In: Grasses - benefits, diversities and functional roles, London: IntechOpen , 2017, , p. 168p. 3-10Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A regulate analysis of the connotation of the word “environment” in the sustainability explains clear circumstances of a being or thing (social, economic, and physical). Moreover, the meaning covers the systematization of the environment upon the physical process. The environment in a broad sense also contains all the natural and artificial factors of the physical, chemical, biological, and social nature in which a human being is a factor motor of community that develops. The importance of maintaining a steady state, the human relationship, and its living environment requires an ability to control the environment in an optimal arrangement of ecological balance. For creating a competent urban zoning, it is necessary to state that green areas in general and grass in special require a delimitation based on a unitary structure of territory structure organized. It has to be created by successive stages (valuable parts), which in the functional aspect consists of areas characteristic of the dominant aspect, the weight of one of the functions, or a greater diversity of the functions, mono-functional multifunctional space [1]. Grasses in the planted area (as a functional urban area) are shaped to serve the specific areas for beauty or recreational purpose. The grasslands have an esthetic function, which can be presented by

    • An essential element to highlight architectural objects
    • A significant decorative value (by shape or color)
  • 9.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Landscape architecture - the sense of places, models and applications2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is intended as both an introduction to the discipline for students of landscape architecture, architecture, and planning, and a source of continuing interest for more experienced environmental designers. The book offers various materials for landscape architects and other planning professionals. The book is divided into 4 parts and 17 chapters. Part I "Introduction to the Landscape Architecture Theme" is general reading on landscape architecture. Part II "Art's Replica and Landscape Architecture Model" includes three chapters. This part represents a theoretical and sensitive visual interpretation of landscape architecture. Part III "Sustainable Prototypes of a Contemporary Landscape Architecture" includes four chapters, with sustainability as a concept and guiding thought. Part IV "Landscape Architecture Around the World (Study Cases)" includes 9 chapters with many examples from different geographical practical cases.

  • 10.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Truong-Hong, Linh (Editor)
    Delft University of Technology.
    Sustainability in urban planning and design2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book has been prepared to embody the major and efficient applications of the different duties and the role of sustainability in urban planning and design, by a new reading of the city structure and composition, as well as offering a solid and clear concept for this kind of science. The book aims to illustrate various theories and methods of the treatment of the modern ideas of metropolitan life. The book is divided into two parts and contains 23 chapters.

  • 11.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Alasadi, Asaad
    The University of Basrah, Department of Architecture Engineering, Basrah, Iraq.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    A Research on the Biophilic Concept upon School's Design from Hot Climate: A Case Study from Iraq2022In: Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, ISSN 1687-8434, E-ISSN 1687-8442, article id 7994999Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, there have been solid global trends and severe attempts by ministries of education in the world to improve the reality of educational institutions and schools through the design and construction of schools and educational systems that meet the requirements of the age by applying the concepts of sustainable and effective systems to the new generation. They called for a promising future and hence the need to activate the applications of the biophilic schools. The theme of the biophilic schools is closely related to the concept of sustainable environmental structures that deal with the surrounding natural environment with intimacy, which is one of the most important new methods of design and construction at present, where ecological challenges are powerfully evoked in the making of their design decisions. Biophilic schools are an essential part of a new concept that wants to design revolutionary educational systems with new economic outputs that are valuable but do not depart from the idea of sustainable schools in general. It represents an expression given to schools designed to be environmentally sensitive and healthy for their occupants and educational systems based on experience, humanity, and attraction. Indeed, many architects have begun to explore and develop new architectural designs linked with the concepts of biophilic schools. Through the researchers' awareness of the negative circumstance experienced by school buildings in Iraq and by investing in the recommendations of an applied field research, it was reached to crystallize the research problem represented in the obstacles that schools suffer from, which calls for the search for developmental solutions for an efficient educational environment, and in order to reach this goal, by informing researchers about new global experiences in this field, the research presented its hypothesis in choosing the model of biophilic schools that exist in many countries in the world, because of what it can provide from successful and fruitful educational and urban components. The researchers reached many conclusions and recommendations aimed at applying the research hypothesis and achieving its goals.

  • 12.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Arkitektskole, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Almssad, Asaad
    ABETONG AB, Hallstahammar, Sweden.
    Bioclimatic interpretation over vernacular houses from Historical city Basrah2006In: PLEA 2006 - 23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Conference Proceedings, 2006, p. I87-I90Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Basrah's climate is hot, dry summer, mild to cold winter, and a pleasant spring and fall. The old builders from this region putted a big effort to create passive bioclimatic houses that corresponds the negative effects Basrah's macroclimate. The courtyard is the central and dominant space in the house plan with a direct access to the living spaces. Houses from the city are compact with interior courtyard; the streets are sinuous and pass through houses volumes. The shady interior courtyard has the effect that the rooms do not communicate directly with the overheated air outside, but through intermediate buffer spaces. In the mean time between courtyard and street at least a wall or a building is always interposed. The House plan had an endomorphic form, (open tree form). The volumes were concept to create shadow which helps to move the air by natural movement to the deep superior side, that can be achieve through special holes. The architectural elements are strongly decorated, reproducing special typologies and traditional houses. Open spaces, covered by large roofs, are interesting due to the mix of diffuse light and shade that are an essential aesthetic factor in these buildings.

  • 13.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Albasrah University, Denmark.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Building materials in eco-energy houses from Iraq and Iran2015In: Case Studies in Construction Materials, ISSN 2214-5095, Vol. 2, p. 42-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Builders from the Western part of Asia are trained to make buildings that can fulfil certain required functions while giving full consideration to all sites and environmental conditions. The research covers the zone between Iraq and Iran. The first investigated region is the "Mesopotamian Marshes" or Iraqi-Iran Marshes, a wetland zone situated in southern Iraq and partially in southwestern Iran. The other region is a desert district, which includes a prominent part of the southern and western parts of Iraq and part of Iran. The last is the centre city of Basra. The building materials were the most important building element that affected the conformation of vernacular habitats from the western part of Asia in general and the Iraq-Iran area in particular. In this study, we needed to focus on the effects of ecological and energy-efficiency processes in creating vernacular habitats and the selection of optimal building systems and materials in this part of the world, which can be an essential point for sustainable environmental building processes in the future. Reeds, clay, straw, bricks, and wood were the most popular building materials used by builders from this region. The impact of building material on the environment embodies the essential method implicitly significant in this research to effectively determine traditional building materials in the environment, in addition to comparative analysis. This presents an essential factor of our analysis, in addition to the impact of environments on building systems. The main target of this study is to benefit designers and building engineers in their pursuit to find optimal and competent solutions suitable for specific local microclimates using traditional methods in the design process that are sustainable and ecological.

  • 14.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Department of Construction Technology, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    City phenomenon between urban structure and composition2020In: Sustainability in urban planning and design / [ed] A. Almusaed, A. Almssad & L. Truong-Hong, London: IntechOpen , 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities are not just a sum of buildings, but especially a set of social relations that their inhabitants develop. Cities are characterized by a wide variety of social groups and lifestyles. An urban composition represents a form of the city in which it gets a formal order, so that the shape of any urban ensemble is not linked to a random phenomenon, but to an intervention mastered and understood as such. For the city, the urban composition represents what the architectural composition represents for a building. This concept regarding the composition is common both to the architecture and to the city. The main property of the composition is that it transforms a possibly dispersed ensemble into a whole, resolving the contradictions that arise when the requirements and conditions of the project are numerous. Spatial forms and urban compositions are built over time, longer than that of architectural composition. On the other hand, “design of the urban environment” is understood by us as a complex formation of public spaces of the city, located on the ground floor level of the city building and ensuring the vital activity of the urban community. This chapter will study the city phenomenon on a large scale.

  • 15.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, AsaadKarlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Housing2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is proposed as both a general reading of the discipline for students in architecture and urban planning, and offers a variety of materials for professionals of local and international organizations. It brings together studies with new perspectives and relevant subjects from different geographical areas. The book gathers the contributions of international researchers and experts. It is divided into three parts and eight chapters: Part I, "Introduction to Housing Affairs," includes a chapter that discusses a general reading of housing as meaning and action in social, economic, and environmental city life. Part II, "Case Studies Upon Housing Policies," includes four chapters. It consists of many examples from different geographical areas and domains. Part III, "Housing Quality and Affordability," includes three chapters; housing quality, sustainability, and development are the main subjects for this part.

  • 16.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science. Archcrea Institute, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Improvement of thermal insulation by environmental means2012In: Effective thermal insulation - the operative factor of a passive building model / [ed] Amjad Almusaed, London: IntechOpen , 2012, , p. 114p. 3-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introductory paragraph: Insulation is a vital part of all contemporary buildings; it performs many functions, all of which influence the cost of the building and its operating cost. This component is essential to be positioned not only in the floors, walls, and ceilings of the buildings, but also using of other key technique to improve the insulating process (John F. Malloy 1969). There are many other ways, although one of the most vital way is using of vegetate buildings concept. 

  • 17.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Introductory chapter: Housing policy matters2018In: Housing / [ed] Amjad Almusaed & Asaad Almssad, London: IntechOpen , 2018, , p. 174p. 3-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From introductory paragraph: The family represents the first core of social life, which can be reflected by the architectural program throughout a house. The house was developed in time and place and was therefore socially and economically developed with the housing program. Current technology helps the housing program to get a different level of significant ways of manufacturing and designing structures. The house has followed a man through history. It is one of the man’s oldest and most long-lived cultural objects. They have been protected against the environment, and there are rooms for business and social life, capital investment, and symbolism. Home and house are concepts that are closely linked, where shape, function, and technology are so intertwined and meaningful that they do not quickly change themselves. Each discussion of health and the environment must be seen in this broader context, not as isolated technical or medical issues. This complexity is not only a difficulty but also an asset. Housing is the umbrella term for different types of accommodation in which one has temporary or permanent shelter to live, sleep, work, or relax. All kinds of homes, company buildings, schools, museums, and offices are covered below [1]. Also, it concerns the provision of such forms of accommodation by, for example, municipal and national authorities. The concept of the housing provides a host of basic human needs, particularly shelter, personal property, safety, and privacy. Permanent housing (“residence”) is also a prerequisite for full engagement of a person in society, so the state differently supports it. The housing industry deals with construction and architecture, urbanism, and housing sociology. In other arguments, the housing includes the entirety of institutions, activities, and arrangements for providing the population with housing. These include the housing stocks, the housing industry, state and municipal housing policies and households as consumers or consumers itself. It is one of the basic requirements of human communities, where every society has to create their arrangements to provide space and facilities for the lives of its members [2].

  • 18.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Introductory chapter: Overview of a competent sustainable building2018In: Sustainable buildings - interaction between a holistic conceptual act and materials properties / [ed] Amjad Almusaed & Asaad Almssad, London: IntechOpen , 2018, , p. 180p. 3-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From introductory paragraph: Between the human being and the protective building space, always a relationship with a reciprocal character a permanent arrangement, where the human being interest is to create the necessary poise to his different well-unfolded activities, under that cover as space. The building is a major element of human life. It is a major concern, a major purchase, and has a major effect upon our lives [1]. We spend over 90% of our time indoors. Today, the technological archetypes of the modern buildings are formed of a mixture of many components such as materials, energy, and construction configuration systems, which influence directly on human life and health. In marketing vision, architectural product being creations of the human work, a time-consuming good, as any other manufacture, it has not only to be produced but also to get the user’s disposal [2]. Although in sustainable design, the building becomes the system, subsystem should be examined. The climate has a solid impact on the conceptions of habitat forms and configuration of internal space [3]. While the holistic integration of systems is critical to sustainable building, every system within the system has its climatic advantage or disadvantage. The human being entered the third millennium without the hope of achieving permanent peace on our beautiful earth, sustainable development, and equality for all, where the earth is our sustainer, the chain of ecological survival. In the future, sustainable considerations will be a regular part of our basic beliefs and knowledge. Both of our norms and behavior as the physical environment must be automatically based on an environmentally balanced mind-set, not alone but along with many other considerations. Within planning, means that the green will be taken far to be more seriously that reuse of our cities will gain even more importance that green areas will be actively involved and that traffic patterns will be turned upside down.

  • 19.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Introductory chapter: Overview of sustainable cities, theory and practices2019In: Sustainable cities - authenticity, ambition and dream / [ed] Amjad Almusaed & Asaad Almssad, London: IntechOpen , 2019, p. 3-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introductory paragraph: Human settlements are the result of the dynamic adaptation of the human community operating in a given territory in the conditions of social, economic and historical relations. The areas on which human settlements are located are distinguished by the components of the physical-geographic structure, by the diversity and by the potential natural conditions, as well as by the economic and social factors in which the human settlements appear and develop [1]. Human settlements represent the totality of human communities, villages and towns, regardless of their position, size and functions. Human settlement can be considered a geographic landscape integrated with the natural and social conditions necessary for the existence of housing, work and equipment (power supply, water, transport, communications, sanitation, etc.). Human settlement is a body of land known to be a regular form of property with a hearth on which communal and territorial attributes develop [2]. The term “locality” defines a human, rural or urban settlement, delimited according to the number of inhabitants, the nature of the built-up area, the degree of the social endowment, the technical-public amenities, the function, etc. Hence, human settlements or human habitat refers to some components such as population, construction, markets, streets, industrial platforms, recreation and recreation areas. Human settlements support the unity of natural, social, material, spiritual, cultural and organizational factors, including housing, labor, energy supply, communications, water, sanitation, services, social security, administration systems, cultural facilities, recreation, etc. [1]. The village is the oldest form of human habitation that presents ethnographic, historical, economic, social or urban characteristics. A village is a group of houses and people who are leaving their means of existence of a determined social space.

  • 20.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Introductory chapter: Sustainable housing – Introduction to the thematic area: Introduction to the thematic area2022In: Sustainable housing / [ed] Amjad Almusaed & Asaad Almssad, London: IntechOpen , 2022, p. 3-10Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introductory paragraph: One of the most critical phenomena in the real estate sector to reduce the environmental impact and climate change is sustainable houses. “All nature strives for self-preservation,” said the philosopher Cicero. And residents of megalopolises, too, increasingly began to think about the future of cities and how to improve the environmental background around their place of residence. One of the most innovative urban developments in the twenty-first century is the design of buildings and entire neighborhoods in sustainable architecture. Ebenezer Howard, whose 1902 book was entitled Garden City of Tomorrow and whose political and social agenda has recently made a comeback [1]. The idea of sustainability involves enhancing the quality of life, thus allowing people to live in a healthy environment with improved social, economic, and environmental conditions [2]. In addition, this type of building facilitates the most respected lifestyle with the territory, reducing the ecological footprint.

  • 21.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Lessons from the world sustainable housing (past experiences, current trends, and future strategies)2022In: Sustainable housing / [ed] Amjad Almusaed & Asaad Almssad, London: IntechOpen , 2022, p. 47-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term vernacular architecture is widely accepted by architects and derives from the Latin “VERNACULUS”, which means “domestic, native, indigenous”, local. So vernacular architecture designates the entire culture built from a particular place. In modern housing design, the inheritance and development of traditional architectural culture is reflected in the inheritance of classic architectural forms and craftsmanship and the rational application of traditional building systems. With the progress of social civilization and the improvement of technological level, various innovative building systems emerge in an endless stream and are widely used in modern housing design. In today’s rapid social and economic development, housing changes are coming quickly, sometimes even seeming a bit rough. At present, more attention is paid to the construction of new residential areas. As far as the field of urban architecture is concerned, the human settlement environment can be understood explicitly as people’s living and living environment. Today architects need to design a settlement that balances all social functions between meeting current needs and future development, designing energy and material-saving buildings, so that it is in harmony with the environment, and is conducive to the physical and mental health of the human body. In other words, the planning process requires attention to human behavior, psychology, emotions, and interpersonal relationships.

  • 22.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Architecture, Albasrah/ Engineering, Albasrah, Iraq.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Department of engineering and chemical science, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Natural Lighting Efficiency By Means of Sun- Skylight-Tubes2014In: International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, E-ISSN 2249-8958, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 16-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of comfort a luminous ambience refers to the distribution of luminance and chromatic ties on the interior envelope of a space that is one of different fields of vision for a subject within an ambience. Luminance and chromatic ties are at present not often studied as far as comfort in buildings is concerned. Sun lighting and bioclimatic concept is inseparable considerations when designing a building because of the historical and practical significance of natural lighting in architecture. Sunlight is as old as architecture itself. Human life gets sufficient sunlight, in fact, we use more of 90 % of our day indoor, for this reason, specialists are now seeing how architecture can ameliorate the indoor-outdoor links. At present, by biological and technological investigation the trend is to search backwards towards the previous philosophies and advantages of more indoor / outdoor relationship. Plus homeowners who want to have healthy home environments might want to renew the most relevant facts of technology and biology.

  • 23.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science. Archcrea Institute, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Passive and low energy housing by optimization2012In: Effective thermal insulation - the operative factor of a passive building model / [ed] Amjad Almusaed, London: IntechOpen , 2012, , p. 114p. 23-42Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introductory paragraph: The house is not only a roof, but also a home, the place where it is formed the moral climate and on which lasts the family spirit. UN has classified habitat settlements and identified 10 general functions that every habitat should have. (Recreations and interpretation, Preparing the foods, Eating, Relaxing and Sleeping, Study , WC, Hygienic necessities, Cleaning, Circulation and storage, Exterior circumstances). Housing is a human right is a multi-platform documentary portrait of the struggle for home. The house, being a product of the human work, a long time user product, like any other product it has not only to be produced but also to get the user’s disposal. A house is a home, shelter, building or structure that is dwelling or place for habitation by human being. Sustainable design’s principles of energy and healthy architectural spaces and material durability help make a home affordable. Presently becomes incorrect work manner when we take the building phenomenon such as (passive and low energy building), detached from the large concept of architecture. (Amjad Almusaed 2004). The passive and low energy housing represents one of the most consistent concepts of sustainable building and brings with consideration of energy saving concept. Presently becomes incorrect work manner when we take the building phenomenon such as (passive and low energy building), detached from the large concept of architecture. The architectural product, being a product of the human work, a long time user product, like any other product it has not only to be produced but also to get the user’s disposal. The human comfort is a vital aim of architecture, and it classified such variable level. The interaction always appears between the energy such abstract act and human comfort such human feeling. The balancing condition is extremely complex. 

  • 24.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Head of Building Technology, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Quality assurance in a sustainable architecture creation process2020In: Technology Reports of Kansai University, ISSN 0453-2198, Vol. 62, no 7, p. 3579-3602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    he creativity of modern architects and urban planners, engineers and technologists working in various fields of design and construction activities as well as the creation and production of new materials, structures and technologies are inextricably linked with general trends in socio-economic development. It can effectively support the importance of architecture as a product in the sense of social response. The marketing activities are those activities that suffer adjustments due to the continuous changes in the users' needs to their behavior. In another hand, the subject of sustainable architecture and marketing became an important issue within design and construction process, where the application of the sustainable concept in design and execution process is rescuable, and it is not clear, therefore a clear reading of the building production by a clear strategy put sustainable architecture in a right way towards salability and it will be clear. The aim of this study is to create an evident comprehension, of the correlation between the phenomenon of marketing, supported by the concept of quality in sustainable architecture, and what it represents for the building users today. The method in this article takes two kinds of approach, the first is a literature study the other one is a semi-structured quality method, where an involved person has to create a hierarchy of priorities of many factors, related to the sustainable architecture factors. The study offers a clear reading of the most required factors of building users for getting a high-quality sustainable architecture. (16) (PDF) Quality assurance in a sustainable architecture creation process.

  • 25.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, AsaadKarlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Sustainable buildings - interaction between a holistic conceptual act and materials properties2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book has been written to represent the efficient applications of sustainability upon building designs. The book intends to illustrate various techniques of action of sustainability on building conceptions. The book is divided into four parts and eight chapters. Part I "Introduction into Target Theme" includes a chapter with title "Introductory Chapter." It makes an overview of the meaning and the target of sustainable building and sustainable building material. Part II "Sustainable Building Design, Process, and Management" discusses many forms and concepts of sustainable building and includes three chapters. Part III "Sustainable Building by Using Energy Efficiency in Building Design" includes one chapter. Part IV "Sustainability in Building Materials: Study Cases" includes three chapters.

  • 26.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, AsaadKarlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Sustainable housing2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable housing is generally used to describe housing that is environmentally friendly and resource-efficient over the lifetime of the building. Homes are designed to have the least possible negative impact on the environment. This means energy efficiency, avoiding environmental toxins, and responsibly using materials and resources while having positive physical and psychological effects on inhabitants. This book presents a comprehensive overview of sustainable housing, starting from legislation and ending with the design and configuration of homes.

  • 27.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    The role of the supervisor on developing a PhD students' skills2020In: International Conference on Humanities, Social and Education Sciences, July 15-19, 2020, Washington, DC, USA: Abstract book, 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Essentially, supervision is the act of looking over the work of another person who absences full knowledge of what they are doing, or the concept at hand. The problem of developing PhD students research skills in institutes has become one of the most critical issues related to research institutes, where interest in the scientist’s personality increases, it is noted that it is the individual possessing the basics and skills of a research nature that is capable of self-realization, the creation of new technologies, the transformation of social reality. Supervisory styles, roles, and approaches are related to the responsibilities of a supervisor. It can be divided into four sets: those related to the progress of the candidate, mentoring, coaching in the research topic, research methodology, and how to write the dissertation and sponsorship of the student’s participation in academic or professional practice. Respectable supervisory applies aid students to achieve their potential and add tothe University’s research outline. At many universities, the rapports of a supervisory relationship are missing almost entirely to the pleasure of individual research students and supervisors. Although this approach typically works fit, it irregularly proves inadequate. A good supervisor cannot be a scientific adviser on topics on which he does not have in-depth specialized knowledge. It is possible to find an explanation for the fact that the supervisor leads PhD students in various scientific specialties.

  • 28.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Albasrah University.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University.
    Urban biophilic theories upon reconstructions process for Basrah City in Iraq2014In: 30th International PLEA Conference: Sustainable Habitat for Developing Societies: Choosing the Way Forward - Proceedings, CEPT University Press , 2014, p. 9-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Basrah is the most beautiful part of Iraq. In terms of size, it is the second largest city after Baghdad. For more than 25 years, Basrah has almost constantly been at war or been in an Aggressive situation. Three major conflicts have dominated, from 1980 to 2003. The wars have brought great suffering to the Basrah population and city. The bombing caused great material damage. Today with reconstruction process the city require to take a stabile process of reconstruction by using environmental cods in urban planning and design which offer an exciting opportunity to achieve environmental, social and economic benefits. The concept of biophilia deserves a deeper explanation. The hypothesis is that this affiliation leads to positive responses in terms of human performance and health even emotional states. The new movement aims to create environmentally friendly, energy-efficient buildings and developments by effectively managing natural resources. This path will discover a far deeper integration of nature with the built environment and the potential synergies in exchanging energy and nutrients across the human-nature interface. The research will take in reading different experiences from 1980 until now, in which we will try to put all practical consideration necessary to be able to select competent urban and architectural elements adequate to Basrah condition. 

  • 29.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Department of Construction Technology, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Urban social sustainability - Case Study; Gellerupparken–Denmark2020In: Sustainability in urban planning and design / [ed] A. Almusaed, A. Almssad & L. Truong-Hong, London: IntechOpen , 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban social sustainability represents a more specific part of urban development. Citizen involvement is a vital element of any future urban social development and helps to maintain the vision of human and diverse cities because it provides vibrant and sustainable cities in which everyone has a seat and can speak. Gellerupparken, as something new, also meets all five criteria for when an area is a ghetto during a given year. The criteria generally consist of income, ethnic origin, level of education, crime, and employment. The study’s aim is to present an objective means, to the reactivation of a passive multicultural zone in Aarhus city of Denmark to integrate it in the social life city by using the appreciative inquiry method by an introduction of new city functions. The study will assume the effect of sustainability in an urban social area, in a case study using the application of the pedagogical method, namely, the “appreciative inquiry” method.

  • 30.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Arkitektskole, Aarhus, Denmark .
    Almssad, Asaad
    ABETONG AB - Hallstahammar, Sweden.
    Vernacular passive houses from Aarhus city2006In: PLEA 2006 - 23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Conference Proceedings, 2006, p. I91-I93Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Danish landscape and Danish building are inseparable. Aarhus is a beautiful city situate in the western part of Denmark, and the eastern part of Jutland. Long house or one wing house is a traditional type of house that is dominant in Aarhus city, and other parts of Denmark, which goes back to the Iron Age, c.2000B.C. The aggressive effect of wind obliges builder to find a practical solutions to combat the negative effect of strong wind. Wind breaks around houses is a widespread tradition for determinate a better comfort around house and to save energy. The thermal influence on the built form and orientation of buildings has the strongest influence in the countryside.

  • 31.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Arkitektskole, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Almssad, Asaad
    ABETONG AB - Hallstahammar, Sweden .
    Abdushaik, Zaki Khalil
    lmustansrie university, Baghdad, Iraq.
    Khalil, Salih
    Mesopotamia irrigation, Babylon, Iraq.
    Biophilic architecture, the concept of healthy sustainable architecture2006In: PLEA 2006 - 23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Conference Proceedings, 2006, p. I383-I386Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, upon reflecting on the various settings and experiences of our lives, we should be able to find some fairly close matches between characteristics we like and characteristics that would have improved our chances of survival. In our course we perceive that the natural contiguous keeps us healthy and in turn, probably promotes physical performance as well. Occupants of built environments don't want simply to work, play, eat, or sleep in a functional building. They want to be inspired, invigorated, comforted, and reassured by their surroundings. They want spaces that will make them more appropriate, comfortable. Biophilic architecture offers an exciting opportunity to achieve environmental, moral, social and economic benefits. Much remains to be understood about energy, environmental and life-cycle processes to engage young and enthusiastic researchers in the world-wide greenly architecture community and for those interested in biophilic architecture. The concept of biophilia deserves a deeper explanation. The hypothesis is that this affiliation leads to positive responses in terms of human performance and health even emotional states. The new movement aims to create environmentally friendly, energy-efficient buildings and developments by effectively managing natural resources.

  • 32.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    The Department of Architectural Engineering & Archcrea Institute Basra University, Iraq.
    Almssad, Asaad
    The Head Departement of Building Technology, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Alasadi, Asaad
    The Department of Architectural Engineering, Basra University, Iraq.
    Analytical interpretation of energy efficiency concepts in the housing design process from hot climate2019In: Journal of Building Engineering, E-ISSN 2352-7102, Vol. 21, p. 254-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The classical understanding of an architectural product shows architecture as a series of complex activities, which aims to create an optimal material framework with well-organized functional spaces that can meet the material and human spiritual requirements. The vision of a multifaceted architecture shows that it is necessary to design and work cooperatively with an architectural theory to transform the lateral conceptual viewer of the multilateral design process. The effort has to focus on ensuring the active collaboration of sciences and techniques with the creative building design process. The real stages of house design theory still insufficiently incorporate natural phenomena such as thermography, climatology, aerodynamics, and thermodynamics in the building design approach. The primary target of this research is to define an efficient method of building design in which essential aspects are considered during the first phase of design ideas. The study concluded that using a classical design model is respectable. However, it can bring many mistakes in the confirmation of a holistic design assignment related to energy, thermal comfort, and economic factors that represents an essential tool for architectural creation products where the innovative model proceeds with all design elements, activities and space roles which can reunify in the interpretation of functional spaces by creating an interspace with a consistency habitat environment.

  • 33.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Engn & Chem Sci, S-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
    Alasadi, Asaad
    Univ Basra, Engn Coll, Dept Architectural Engn, Basrah 61001, Iraq..
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Al-Samaraee, Sammera
    Basrah Univ Oil & Gas, Coll Oil & Gas Engn, Dept Chem & Petr Refining Engn, Basrah 61004, Iraq..
    Assessing the Role and Efficiency of Thermal Insulation by the "BIO-GREEN PANEL" in Enhancing Sustainability in a Built Environment2023In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, no 13, article id 10418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pressing concern of climate change and the imperative to mitigate CO2 emissions have significantly influenced the selection of outdoor plant species. Consequently, evaluating CO2's environmental effects on plants has become integral to the decision-making process. Notably, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from buildings is significant in tackling the consequences of climate change and addressing energy deficiencies. This article presents a novel approach by introducing plant panels as an integral component in future building designs, epitomizing the next generation of sustainable structures and offering a new and sustainable building solution. The integration of environmentally friendly building materials enhances buildings' indoor environments. Consequently, it becomes crucial to analyze manufacturing processes in order to reduce energy consumption, minimize waste generation, and incorporate green technologies. In this context, experimentation was conducted on six distinct plant species, revealing that the energy-saving potential of different plant types on buildings varies significantly. This finding contributes to the economy's improvement and fosters enhanced health-related and environmental responsibility. The proposed plant panels harmonize various building components and embody a strategic approach to promote health and well-being through bio-innovation. Furthermore, this innovative solution seeks to provide a sustainable alternative by addressing the challenges of unsustainable practices, outdated standards, limited implementation of new technologies, and excessive administrative barriers in the construction industry. The obtained outcomes will provide stakeholders within the building sector with pertinent data concerning performance and durability. Furthermore, these results will enable producers to acquire essential information, facilitating product improvement.

  • 34.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Andersson, Nina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Brunzell, Lena
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    CDIO Initiative on Student Engagement by Effective Syncretic (Lectures – seminars)2022In: Proceedings of IHSES 2022, International Conference on Humanities, Social and Education Sciences, Los Angeles, USA / [ed] O. Noroozi & I. Sahin, ISTES Organization , 2022, 1, p. 249-261Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New trends such as globalization, the knowledge economy, and the information technology revolution have become essential factors affecting the development of universities in the new era. These trends have profoundly impacted the survival and growth of universities. First, universities need to shoulder the knowledge creation work in many fields related to human survival and development in the era of the knowledge economy. Secondly, they must adapt to the influence of the technological revolution on human knowledge acquisition methods and change traditions. I will further explore the new requirements for talents in the new era and adjust our talent training concepts, values and models. How universities respond to challenges through operational changes and explore new models of higher education in line with social development in the new era is a topic that universities worldwide need to consider. The study aims to create an effective model to improve the interaction between the lectures and seminars objectives and activities based on CDIO standards 3 and 8. The integrated curriculum and active learning are crucial for improving future students' engineers' skills.

    Consequently, students will participate efficiently in the learning process. The study will focus on the concept of a "student-centered" learning environment based on the active learning model by using the research to create effective student engagement in the learning process. The work's positioning, goals, and learning model promotes the improvement of the student's engagement and learning mode in this context, pay attention to the course-student interaction in the process, stimulates students' learning initiative, and promote the teaching reform of participating colleges. The study aims to Increase the students' work and outcome towards creative results.

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  • 35.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Head of Building Technology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Homod, Raad Z.
    Department of Oil and Gas Engineering, Basrah University for Oil and Gas, Garmat Ali Campus, Basrah, Iraq.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Environmental profile on building material passports for hot climates2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 9, article id 3720Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vernacular building materials and models represent the construction methods and building materials used in a healthy manner. Local building materials such as gravel, sand, stone, and clay are used in their natural state or with minor processing and cleaning to mainly satisfy local household needs (production of concrete, mortar, ballast, silicate, and clay bricks and other products). In hot climates, the concept of natural building materials was used in a form that can currently be applied in different kinds of buildings. This concept depends on the proper consideration of the climate characteristics of the construction area. A material passport is a qualitative and quantitative documentation of the material composition of a building, displaying materials embedded in buildings as well as showing their recycling potential and environmental impact. This study will consider two usages of building materials. The first is the traditional use of building materials and their importance in the application of vernacular building strategies as an essential global bioclimatic method in sustainable architecture. The second is the affordable use of new building materials for their availability and utilization by a large part of society in a way to add more detail to research. The article aims to create an objective reading and analysis regarding specific building materials in order to generate a competent solution of materials that is suitable for building requirements in hot climates. This study evaluates the most suitable Building Material Passports needed in hot climates, where the environmental profile must be analyzed to confirm the use of natural materials. 

  • 36.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Najar, Karim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad, Sweden.
    An Innovative School Design Based on a Biophilic Approach Using the Appreciative Inquiry Model: Case Study Scandinavia2022In: Advances in Civil Engineering / Hindawi, ISSN 1687-8086, E-ISSN 1687-8094, article id 8545787Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To understand the school’s role in society and its works, it became essential to reevaluate its functions and importance for society after the aggressive attack of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, a new educational space design represents a powerful and required tool for stimulating creativity and increasing concentration, motivation, and assimilation of knowledge for future generations. The article will use appreciative inquiry as a method that works with perspective ideas readings doted by high positive human sensitivity. It also represents a powerful tool for the students’ opinions about the teaching spaces and environments. To improve the performance of educational institutions and schools, considering the sustainability concepts and biophilic designs has become an urgent necessity within the Scandinavian countries and in the world in general. The scientific research and theoretical analysis within the biophilic theory have been conducted to see how the designer can integrate the nature components holistically in the educational environment based on spatial, visual, and ecological integration concepts. The study aims to develop knowledge about applying biophilia as a phenomenon in educational institutes of Scandinavia where the students among others are the main decision-maker. The article’s main finding is that students dream of free open teaching spaces integrated with nature, where the biophilic theory frameworks are suitable to form this sustainable model that enables educational institutions and schools to improve their performance within different stages of the study.

  • 37.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Rico-Cortez, Marisol
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Critical interpretation of a non-creative supervision practice for Ph.D. students2023In: Studies on social and education sciences 2022 / [ed] S. El Takach & O. Tayfur Ozturk, Washington, DC: The International Society for Technology, Education, and Science (ISTES) , 2023, p. 26-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]
    • Ph.D. students need to be supervised by someone with an international reputation so that the name on the recommendation letter carries weight. But they also must not be professors traveling from place to place, frequently leaving campus, and missing mentoring sessions to advance their careers.
    • They have to be recognized, well-known, but also able to guide you without constantly refusing to meet you just because you have to take outside of the university.
    • Many students affirm that they never received any satisfactory, effective, or useful guidance during the study. The student in Ph.D. research-level needs to have the right to choose a supervisor with whom he has a good relationship. However, as the bureaucracy in graduate management at universities increases, administrators and administrators' "pair" prospective doctoral students with supervisors more and more frequently.
    • That will create bad cooperation and an uncreative scientifical product. A good supervisor-student relationship requires the joint efforts of both parties. Many Ph.D. students get into unnecessary trouble because they make some very common mistakes in their relationship with their supervisors. Unfortunately, our experience tells us that many students do not think deeply about this relationship and that most problems are predictable and avoidable.
    • The study aims to interpret the negative action of supervisor practices of Ph.D. students during the supervising phasis and will classify the critical factors and types of a bad Ph.D. supervision.
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  • 38.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Engn & Chem Sci, S-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Homod, Raad Z. Z.
    Basrah Univ Oil & Gas, Dept Oil & Gas Engn, Basra 61004, Iraq..
    Enhancing Student Engagement: Harnessing "AIED"'s Power in Hybrid Education - A Review Analysis2023In: Education Sciences, E-ISSN 2227-7102, Vol. 13, no 7, article id 632Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid learning is a complex combination of face-to-face and online learning. This model combines the use of multimedia materials with traditional classroom work. Virtual hybrid learning is employed alongside face-to-face methods. That aims to investigate using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to increase student engagement in hybrid learning settings. Educators are confronted with contemporary issues in maintaining their students' interest and motivation as the popularity of online and hybrid education continues to grow, where many educational institutions are adopting this model due to its flexibility, student-teacher engagement, and peer-to-peer interaction. AI will help students communicate, collaborate, and receive real-time feedback, all of which are challenges in education. This article examines the advantages and disadvantages of hybrid education and the optimal approaches for incorporating Artificial Intelligence (AI) in educational settings. The research findings suggest that using AI can revolutionize hybrid education, as it enhances both student and instructor autonomy while fostering a more engaging and interactive learning environment.

  • 39.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Al-Samaraee, Sammera Mohamed Salih
    Grasses - benefits, diversities and functional roles2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book has been prepared to embody the major and efficient applications of the different duties and roles of grasses in our life, as well as offered a solid concept for this kind of science. The book aims to illustrate various ideas, methods and how it is treated in the agronomic process for different forms of grasses in human life.

  • 40.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science. Jönköping university.
    asaad, Almssad
    Karlstad university.
    Bricks between the Historical Usage and Sustainable Building Concept2022In: Masonry for Sustainable Construction / [ed] Prof. Amjad Almusaed Ph.D, UK: InTech, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bricks are the most frequent ceramic product and may be found in antique and

    modern structures. Together with stone and concrete, they are among the most used

    building materials. Reading through history, we may see that throughout the Stone

    Age, cave dwellers erected structures for a variety of reasons out of fragments of rocks

    and boulders of various shapes; Menhirs, dolmens, and cromlechs have survived

    to this day—stone constructs used for religious purposes. Dwellings and fortresses

    were constructed from unhewn natural stone, the shards of which were piled on each

    other without any order. Brick is a common antique building material that has been

    used from ancient times, such as in Egypt’s ancient dwellings, Rome’s Colosseum,

    and many sections of China’s Great Wall. One of the earliest construction materials

    is brick. It was utilized in Mycenaean civilization, ancient Greece, Rome, Central

    America, and other ancient constructions. The oldest, used in prehistoric times, is

    dry masonry of irregularly shaped stones. Soil is a natural building material that can

    be seen everywhere, and it also has its unique style in traditional architecture. Like

    wood, stone has been the primary building material since ancient times. It has been

    used as a construction material since prehistoric times. The art of brickmaking

    may be observed in the great range of textures and surface treatments, which constitute

    a distinctive mark of each maker. Brick is now employed for resistant buildings,

    regular internal walls, interior or outside surface decorating, pavement, and even

    modern art installations. No other building feature provides as many opportunities

    for producing one-of-a-kind architectural effects. 

  • 41.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science. Jönköping university.
    asaad, Almssad
    Karlstad university.
    Masonry in the Context of Sustainable Buildings: A Review of the Brick Role in Architecture2022In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 22, article id 14734Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of combining various parts to create a structure is called building. The most effective and significant component of any construction is masonry. The Colosseum, buildings from ancient Greece and Rome, Central American buildings, and Mycenaean structures all used this material as one of their primary building elements. The oldest form is dry masonry of irregularly shaped stones. The ecological qualities of masonry, as a restorative material with a low impact on the environment, as well as the environmental control capacity of the massive wall, bring masonry back to attention as a suitable material for sustainable building in the context of current concerns for sustainable architecture. This article takes the form of a review of the journey of masonry as the primary construction material—from prehistoric structures to modern-day edifices. This article will go through the fundamentals of masonry construction to support its usage in structures throughout history and in many architectural styles, as a crucial representation of human construction in architectural history. This article aims to create a historical review, presenting masonry as an essential building material and assessing its role in the history of building materials

  • 42.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science. Jönköping university.
    asaad, Almssad
    Karlstad university.
    Maximizing Student Engagement in a Hybrid Learning Environment: AComprehensive Review and Analysis2023In: International Conference onHumanities, Social and Education Sciences / [ed] Mack Shelley, Mevlut Unal, & Sabri Turgut, USA, 2023, p. 428-444Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article overviews a new teaching method from COVID-19. It uses multimedia resources andmore traditional classroom activities together. The course focuses on the benefits of using online parts of hybridlearning in addition to in-person instruction. The benefits of such learning include more opportunities forcontact with classmates, participation in the educational process, greater leeway in time management, andinteractive education. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the new pedagogical approach thathas emerged in the wake of COVID-19, which has prompted a significant number of educational institutions toadopt a particular model due to the adaptability of its schedule and the way students are instructed, in addition tothe increased connection and engagement that it fosters between students and teachers. Students who cannotattend class physically can still study thanks to a new hybrid learning method. In addition, students who cannotparticipate in a traditional classroom setting due to health reasons may have more significant opportunities toparticipate in hybrid learning.

  • 43.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science. Jönköping university.
    asaad, Almssad
    Karlstad university.
    The wooden skyscraper in modern and sustainable buildings2022In: Wood Industry - Past, Present and Future Outlook / [ed] Prof. Guanben Du, UK: INTECH, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, the world vigorously promotes energy-saving, ecological, and environmentally friendly building materials. In constructing projects, green building materials are gradually recognized by building manufacturers. The development of environmental buildings largely depends on the development of bio-based building materials. Therefore, it is very important to develop and apply green building materials. Wood's organic warmth, softness, and other benefits, including its ability to act as a natural insulator and control moisture levels, make it an ideal building material for the future. Wood is sufficiently malleable and easy to process to create ready-made building modules from it at no extra cost. Wooden buildings fit into the surrounding landscape better than others. Wood is a lightweight, high strength, beautiful appearance, good workability, is renewable, recyclable, green, and pollution-free, so wood structure buildings have good stability and seismic performance. Wooden skyscrapers use wood as the primary building material. The architects are convinced that a lower carbon dioxide emission will accompany the construction of a wooden skyscraper compared to the construction of a conventional concrete building.

  • 44.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science. Jönköping university.
    asaad, Almssad
    Karlstad university.
    Rico Cortez, Marisol
    Supervising Multidisciplinary Research: Navigating Challenges andReaping Rewards2023In: International Conference onHumanities, Social and Education Sciences- 2023 / [ed] Mack Shelley, Mevlut Unal, & Sabri Turgut, 2023, p. 445-463Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International research is already booming, and global problems like climate change have sparkedinterdisciplinary initiatives involving academics from many nations, disciplines, and tongues. Integrating theresearch team, the supervisors, and the doctoral students present several challenges, such as multicultural issues;integrating a good team depends on the supervision style and type of postgraduate students and how to supervisestudents to conduct quality research. This article examines supervisory approaches, and the challenges andrewards supervisors face while supervising diverse projects. The lectures from the Graduate Studies inSupervision course were examined, along with a literature study. Two senior supervisors from the InternationalBusiness School (JIBS) and the School of Engineering at Jönköping University participated in small-scaleresearch and observed two supervisory sessions, where were discussions and supervisor reflections.Observations, talks, and the findings of a survey based on Lee's research were compared to determine thesupervisory style. The failure to define the scope and writing of the publication when a journal article is rejectedafter 1-2 years, which affects the trust of the student and the supervisor and the time plan in a multidisciplinaryproject, are just a few of the challenges that emerged during postgraduate supervision. Discovering our teachingand supervision style may help guide our students in a multidisciplinary environment.

  • 45.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Architectural Reply for Smart Building Design Concepts Based on Artificial Intelligence Simulation Models and Digital Twins2023In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, no 6, article id 4955Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) simulation models and digital twins (DT) are used in designingand treating the activities, layout, and functions for the new generation of buildings to enhanceuser experience and optimize building performance. These models use data about a building’s use,configuration, functions, and environment to simulate different design options and predict theireffects on house function efficiency, comfort, and safety. On the one hand, AI algorithms are usedto analyze this data and find patterns and trends that can guide the design process. On the otherhand, DTs are digital recreations of actual structures that can replicate building performance in realtime. These models would evaluate alternative design options, the performance of the building, andways to improve user comfort and building efficiency. This study examined the important role ofintelligent building design aspects, such as activities using multi-layout and the creation of particularfunctions based on AI simulation models, in developing DT-based smart building systems. Theempirical data came from a study of architecture and engineering firms throughout the globe usinga CSAQ (computer-administered, self-completed survey). For this purpose, the study employedstructural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the hypotheses and build the relationship model. Theresearch verifies the relevance of AI-based simulation models supporting the creation of intelligentbuilding design features (activities, layout, functionalities), enabling the construction of DT-basedsmart building systems. Furthermore, this study highlights the need for further exploration ofAI-based simulation models’ role and integration with DT in smart building design.

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  • 46.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almsaad, A.
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Engn & Chem Sci, S-65188 Karlstad, Sweden.
    Akiner, İ.
    Akdeniz Univ, Dept Architecture, TR-07058 Antalya, Turkey.
    Akiner, M. E.
    Akdeniz Univ, Vocat Sch Tech Sci, TR-07058 Antalya, Turkey.
    Coherent investigation on a smart kinetic wooden façade based on material passport concepts and environmental profile inquiry2021In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 14, no 14, article id 3771Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wood is one of the most fully renewable building materials, so wood instead of non-renewable materials produced from organic energy sources significantly reduces the environmental impact. Construction products can be replenished at the end of their working life and their elements and components deconstructed in a closed-loop manner to act as a material for potential construction. Materials passports (MPs) are instruments for incorporating circular economy principles (CEP) into structures. Material passports (MPs) consider all the building’s life cycle (BLC) steps to ensure that it can be reused and transformed several times. The number of reuse times and the operating life of the commodity greatly influence the environmental effects incorporated. For a new generation of buildings, the developing of an elegant kinetic wooden façade has become a necessity. It represents a multidisciplinary region with different climatic, fiscal, constructional materials, equipment, and programs, and ecology-influencing design processes and decisions. Based on an overview of the material’s environmental profile (MEP) and material passport (MP) definition in the design phase, this article attempts to establish and formulate an analytical analysis of the wood selection process used to produce a kinetic façade. The paper will analyze the importance of environmentally sustainable construction and a harmonious architectural environment to reduce harmful human intervention on the environment. It will examine the use of wooden panels on buildings’ façades as one solution to building impact on the environment. It will show the features of the formation of the wooden exterior of the building. It will also examine modern architecture that enters into a dialogue with the environment, giving unique flexibility to adapt a building. The study finds that new buildings can be easily created today. The concept of building materials passport and the environmental selection of the kinetic wooden façade can be incorporated into the building design process. This will improve the economic and environmental impact of the building on human life.

  • 47.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Department of Building Technology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Enhancing Smart Home Design with AI Models: A Case Study of Living Spaces Implementation Review2023In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 16, no 6, article id 2636Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The normal development of “smart buildings,” which calls for integrating sensors, rich data, and artificial intelligence (AI) simulation models, promises to usher in a new era of architectural concepts. AI simulation models can improve home functions and users’ comfort and significantly cut energy consumption through better control, increased reliability, and automation. This article highlights the potential of using artificial intelligence (AI) models to improve the design and functionality of smart houses, especially in implementing living spaces. This case study provides examples of how artificial intelligence can be embedded in smart homes to improve user experience and optimize energy efficiency. Next, the article will explore and thoroughly analyze the thorough analysis of current research on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) technology in smart homes using a variety of innovative ideas, including smart interior design and a Smart Building System Framework based on digital twins (DT). Finally, the article explores the advantages of using AI models in smart homes, emphasizing living spaces. Through the case study, the theme seeks to provide ideas on how AI can be effectively embedded in smart homes to improve functionality, convenience, and energy efficiency. The overarching goal is to harness the potential of artificial intelligence by transforming how we live in our homes and improving our quality of life. The article concludes by discussing the unresolved issues and potential future research areas on the usage of AI in smart houses. Incorporating AI technology into smart homes benefits homeowners, providing excellent safety and convenience and increased energy efficiency.

  • 48.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science. Jönköping university.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science. Department of Construction Engineering and Lighting Science, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, 551 11 Jönköping, Sweden.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, 651 88 Karlstad, Sweden.
    Reviewing and Integrating AEC Practices into Industry 6.0: Strategies for Smart and Sustainable Future-Built Environments2023In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, no 18, article id 13464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the possible ramifications of incorporating ideas from AEC Industry 6.0 into the design and construction of intelligent, environmentally friendly, and long-lasting structures. This statement highlights the need to shift away from the current methods seen in the AEC Industry 5.0 to effectively respond to the increasing requirement for creative and environmentally sustainable infrastructures. Modern building techniques have been made more efficient and long-lasting because of AEC Industry 6.0’s cutting-edge equipment, cutting-edge digitalization, and ecologically concerned methods. The academic community has thoroughly dissected the many benefits of AEC Industry 5.0. Examples are increased stakeholder involvement, automation, robotics for optimization, decision structures based on data, and careful resource management. However, the difficulties of implementing AEC Industry 6.0 principles are laid bare in this research. It calls for skilled experts who are current on the latest technologies, coordinate the technical expertise of many stakeholders, orchestrate interoperable standards, and strengthen cybersecurity procedures. This study evaluates how well the principles of Industry 6.0 can create smart, long-lasting, and ecologically sound structures. The goal is to specify how these ideas may revolutionize the building industry. In addition, this research provides an in-depth analysis of how the AEC industry might best adopt AEC Industry 6.0, underscoring the sector-wide significance of this paradigm change. This study thoroughly analyzes AEC Industry 6.0 about big data analytics, the IoT, and collaborative robotics. To better understand the potential and potential pitfalls of incorporating AEC Industry 6.0 principles into the construction of buildings, this study examines the interaction between organizational dynamics, human actors, and robotic systems.

  • 49.
    Homod, R. Z.
    et al.
    Department of Oil and Gas Engineering Basrah University for Oil and Gas, Iraq.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Almssad, A.
    Building Technology, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Jaafar, M. K.
    Polymers and Petrochemical, Engineering Department, Basrah University for Oil and Gas, Iraq.
    Goodarzi, M.
    Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Environment Research Group, Faculty of Environment and Labour Safety, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam.
    Sahari, K. S. M.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia.
    Effect of different building envelope materials on thermal comfort and air-conditioning energy savings: A case study in Basra city, Iraq2021In: Journal of Energy Storage, ISSN 2352-152X, E-ISSN 2352-1538, Vol. 34, article id 101975Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, a numerous number of houses has been built using AAC materials, which consume the most amount of energy in the building sector by Heating, ventilation, and air -conditioning (HVAC) systems. Thus, the most significant factor affecting the energy consumed by HVAC systems is the materials used in the building. Building models are important tools in determining the energy efficiency of buildings. Numerous strategies have been established to construct building models, such as the weight, gray, and black boxes, as well as hybrid models. Hybrid models have not been researched extensively, although they provide a reasonable representation of actual indoor conditions. Therefore, this study employs a hybrid calculation model for the analysis of physical and empirical correlations to evaluate thermal comfort in buildings, which reflects their energy consumption. The residential load factor (RLF) technique is adopted owing to its systematic organization and ease of use, which is achieved by dividing the model into submodels. The model is verified and validated by drawing a comparison with field measurements and the output obtained from ANSYS software. The actual field measurements and ANSYS outputs match the outputs of the proposed model; the results show small residual errors, indicating a well-defined model structure. The cost and energy savings of vernacular buildings and autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) (or low-cost) buildings have been highly debated in Basra city. Models of these two different building materials are simulated within the MATLAB/Simulink environment. Their results indicate that the vernacular building has the highest energy saving potential up to 47.83% over 24 h a day. These results provide an excellent argument to realize the benefits of vernacular buildings by reducing the dependency on powered cooling.

  • 50.
    Homod, R. Z.
    et al.
    Department of Oil and Gas Engineering, Basrah University for Oil and Gas, Basra, Iraq.
    Saad Jreou, G. N.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq.
    Mohammed, H. I.
    Department of Physics, College of Education, University of Garmian, Kurdistan, Iraq.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Hussein, A. K.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon City, Iraq.
    Al-Kouz, W.
    College of Engineering and Technology, American University of the Middle East, Kuwait.
    Togun, H.
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Thi-Qar, Iraq.
    Ismael, M. A.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Basrah, Iraq.
    Al-Saaidi, H. A. I.
    Department of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineering, Al-Turath University College, Baghdad, Iraq.
    Alawi, O. A.
    Department of Thermofluids, School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknolog Malaysia, UTM Skudai, Johor Bahru, 81310, Malaysia.
    Yaseen, Z. M.
    Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia.
    Crude oil production prediction based on an intelligent hybrid modelling structure generated by using the clustering algorithm in big data2023In: Geoenergy Science and Engineering, ISSN 2949-8910, Vol. 225, article id 211703Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the behavior of a complex dynamic system for a large oil field in Iraq is significantly influenced by many nonlinearities, its dependent parameters exhibit non-stationary with a very high delay time. Developing white-box modelling approaches for such dynamic oil well production cannot handle these large data sets with all dependent dimensions and their non-linear effects. Therefore, this study adopts the hybrid model that combines white-box and black-box to address such problems because the model outputs require various variable types to achieve optimal fitness to measured values. The hybrid model structure needs to evolve with changes in the physical parameters (white-box part) and Neural Networks' Weights (black-box part). The model structure of the proposed hybrid network relied on converting fuzzy rules in a Takagi–Sugeno–Kang Fuzzy System (TSK-FS) into a multilayer perceptron network (MLP). The hybrid parameters are formulated concerning six-dimensional dependent variables to describe them in matrix form or layer and by which can quantify total model outputs. After mapping categorical variables to tuples of MLP, the Gauss-Newton regression (GNR) provides an optimal update of the hybrid parameters to get the best fitting of the model outputs with the target of the dataset. The clustering technique and GNR promote predictive performance due to reducing uncertainties in the hybrid parameters. Due to time being the most effective of the independent variables for predicting oil production, datasets are classified into different clusters based on time. The actual field dataset for training and validation is collected from Zubair Oil Field (9 oil wells), which is implemented to build the proposed model. The results of the hybrid model indicate that the development of the proposed structure has achieved the high capability to represent such big data which is the most imperative feature of the proposed model. Furthermore, obtained results show its accuracy far outpacing competitors and achieving a significant improvement in predictive performance.

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