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  • 1. Altmann, Peter
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Towards an explanation of resource cognition in strategic renewal: A multi-level process study of Höganäs 1571-20012015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent strategy research suggests that resource cognition is central in explaining a firm’s ability to survive during periods of environmental change. Resource cognition, which according to Danneels (2011:21) can be defined as the identification of resources and the understanding of their fungibility, shapes firm reorientation through its effect on managerial action. In this way, resource cognition is a crucial microfoundation of dynamic capabilities, because it mediates change of the resource-base of the firm (e.g. Helfat & Peteraf, 2014; Laamanen, & Wallin, 2009).

    Thus, firms with poor capabilities of resource cognition find it difficult to respond to changes in their environments. However, to survive, a firm alters between different reorientation processes while changing its resource-base (Agarwal & Helfat, 2009; Baden-Fuller & Volberda, 1997; Normann, 1971). Therefore, resource cognition may exist through different mechanisms (cf. Helfat & Peteraf, 2003; Laamanen & Wallin, 2009; Lavie, 2006). Yet, the nature and effect of such a multi-level mechanism remain unclear.

    How then does resource cognition unfold through different renewal processes? To answer this question we study Höganäs AB, a firm whose origins can be traced back to 1571. While the ancestry of this case provides a solid base to identify the beginning of reorientations, we concentrated our historical case analysis to detailed archival data, including board documents, letters, diaries, reports and logs, covering two hundred years of processes that depict resource cognition and renewal up to 2001.

    Preliminary results demonstrate that resource cognition was primarily shaped through external events, including customer input, product reviews, legislation, inspections and corresponding activities resulting in identification of new functional characteristics of existing resources. Regardless whether resources are physical (Schriber & Löwstedt, 2014), immaterial (Danneels, 2011), or complementary (Helfat, 1997), capabilities of resource cognition evolved enacted. By uncovering the theoretical mechanism behind enactment in different renewal processes, we aim at contributing to recent calls for multi-level research about dynamic capabilities (Felin et al. 2015; Salvato & Rerup, 2011).

  • 2. Altmann, Peter
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Towards an explanation of resource cognition in strategic renewal: A multi-level process study of Höganäs 1571-20012015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3. Axelson, Mattias
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Försvarets återkomst till Gotland - En modell för snabb förmågetillväxt2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After decades of disarmament and cost-efficiency rationalizations, Swedish defense authorities face a new challenge in rapidly building new defense capabilities to deal with a changing threat. The traditional planning and governance approaches within and among authorities, however, are not designed for this new challenge. This report presents results from a study on the defense forces' redeployment to the Gotland island. It aims to provide policy makers with insights into how new defense capabilities can be built quickly in response to a political decision. The field research is based primarily on interview data and qualitative analysis. The rapid capability-building was made possible through cooperation among military and civilian organizations that complemented each other in the creation of societal value that no single actor themselves could produce. Instead, a socalled value system of these actors must be created, a process of five phases (i.e. envisioning, sense-making, experimenting, prototyping, and scaling and diffusion) driven by three critical resources: - Key persons with a mandate to lead - A task force, a group that co-operates during a limited time - Expertise on local conditions None of these resources is more important than the others-rather, it is the combination of them that creates the necessary dynamics for rapid capability growth. Furthermore, the time between the decision to redeploy and the actual redeployment was less than two years-an unusually short time, as defense authorities traditionally work with long planning cycles. The report shows that creating a value system is critical to enabling the rapid increase of defense capabilities. The fact that the goals of and implementation plan for the redeployment could not be defined in advance points to the importance of a process-oriented planning philosophy, because it enables actors in the emergent value system to benefit from the constantly evolving experience of redeployment on the ground. This insight is of general relevance to all decision-makers and authorities who deal with new societal challenges.

  • 4. Axelson, Mattias
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Innovationsmekanismer för samhällsskydd och beredskap2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    MSB arbetar på flera sätt med att höja förmågan i det svenska krisberedskapssystemet, bland annat finansierar myndigheten forskning som ytterst syftar till detta. En central del i forskningsstrategin är att resultaten nyttiggörs i t.ex. nya produkter, tjänster och processer.

    En brist idag är att forskningen i alltför liten utsträckning nyttiggörs i den typen av innovationer. Därför har MSB bedömt att någon form av stödjande mekanism behövs. MSB avser att under 2015 genomföra en utlysning syftande till att etablera en så kallad innovationsmekanism. FOI har haft i uppdrag att utreda hur en sådan mekanism kan utformas.

    FOIs utredning av den aktuella situationen visar på stora utmaningar. Den främsta är att området har karaktären av en fragmenterad marknad med oklar behovsbild, samt små investeringsmöjligheter som inte koordineras. Det är en situation där det efterfrågas en nationell samordning, men i vilken MSB idag inte har rollen eller uppgiften att driva innovation.

    En förutsättning för innovation är att det finns mottagare som är beredda att ta till sig det nya. I regel är det också en förutsättning att det finns en tydlig betalningsvilja och betalningsförmåga som möjliggör innovationen. En grundläggande frågeställning inför etablering av innovationsmekanismer är därför hur behov och efterfrågan ser ut, samt hur aktörer på någon form av marknad omhändertar och försörjer dessa.

    Innovationsmekanismen behöver bryta rådande dysfunktionalitet i marknaden genom att skapa efterfrågan av innovation, mot vilken företag och forskningsutförare kan bidra med lösningar. Annorlunda uttryckt, en sådan innovationsmekanism syftar till att etablera en marknad och en samordnad behovsbild som skapar drivkrafter för innovation.

    Analysen visar att innovationskonsortier kan fungera som mekanism med kapacitet att koordinera behovsägare och finansiärer till att definiera behov och investera i innovation inom området samhällsskydd och beredskap. Innovationskonsortier skulle fungera som mekanismer för att ge samsyn kring behov av innovation och samtidigt samordna nödvändig kunskap och aktörer för att åstadkomma investeringar i innovationer. Därmed skapas en efterfrågan av bland annat forskningsresultat och förutsättningar för nyttiggörande.

    Mot denna bakgrund föreslås att MSBs utlysning bör syfta till att stimulera etableringen av innovationskonsortier. För att innovationskonsortier ska fungera ställs betydande krav på koordinerande kompetens inom innovationskonsortierna men också på MSBs koordinerande kompetens som myndighet.

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  • 5. Axelson, Mattias
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholms universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Sandström, Christian
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Collective action problems in public sector innovation: A business model perspective2017In: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 370-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore how the literature on business models can explain the outcomes of innovation attempts in the public sector. Our findings suggest that governments can access a well-developed knowledge domain for a public sector area but have a weak ability to propagate its value for society. Drawing on the business model literature concerning interdependence and distributed agency, we illustrate how a collective action problem related to innovation may arise in the public sector. We illustrate this new category of public innovation challenge with the (failed) case of the Swedish civil contingencies system and subsequently discuss a new line of inquiry for future research.

  • 6.
    Börjesson, Sofia
    et al.
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lagergren, Fredrik
    SAM, Svartmangatan 9, 111 29, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Innovating Executive Management in Self-Managed Organizations: A Radical Swedish Experience2024In: European perspectives on innovation management / [ed] R. Dekkers & L. Morel, Cham: Springer, 2024, p. 67-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores how new logic replaces power that associates with executive work in a managerial hierarchy. Following a collaborative research tradition, we conducted a case study of a Swedish company, Qamcom Research Technology, a 20-year-old firm within the Qamcom Group, which has a record of continuous growth through innovation. Results suggest that executive management itself can be innovated to enhance creativity and innovativeness of the firm. We explore the company’s organizational model based on roles and self-organization, finding a novel logic that operates across four concepts—willingness to share power, a dynamic steering model, natural hierarchies, and true transparency. These concepts jointly extend innovation capability research and encourage rethinking the role that organizational democracy and hierarchy play in self-managed organizations to explain far-reaching self-management of executive work.

  • 7.
    Eberl, Martina
    et al.
    Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Recht Berlin, Germany.
    Netz, Joakim
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Learning to monitor collaboration-capabilities: How systematic monitoring developed at SAAB2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8. Elmquist, M.
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Exploring the prerequisites for business model innovation in the Swedish food sector2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Ginsberg, Ari
    et al.
    New York University.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Capability Assembly from Routines: Learning Mechanisms in Turbulent Contexts2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do changes in organizational routines lead to capability development that produce strategic renewal? To examine this question, we designed a longitudinal study with a critical case sampling. Our findings suggest that the higher order capability of knowing how to change routines in a way that enhances organizational learning plays a critical role, not only in facilitating changes in routines that are either the repositories of operational or dynamic capabilities, but also in mediating the influence of such changes on strategic renewal. We advance theory about capability learning mechanisms and their boundary conditions in turbulent contexts.

  • 10. Ginsberg, Ari
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Corporate Strategy Upside Down: The Paradoxical Effects of Capability Co-evolution in Strategic Renewal2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Ginsberg, Ari
    et al.
    New York University.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    The Co-Evolution of Corporate Parent and Business Unit Capabilities: Examining the Micro-Foundations of Corporate Strategy2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of corporate strategy focus on how diversification and specialization drive structural design and subsequent value creation. However, there is a dearth of research regarding the micro-foundations of radical change in multi-business configuration and coordination capabilities. To address this gap, we conducted a longitudinal study of the Saab Group - a diversified corporation that underwent strategic renewal between 1995 and 2010 during periods of major environmental turbulence. Over this period, one of Saab’s business units – Saab Training Systems – played a key role in the corporation’s strategic renewal. We used an abductive case method approach that enabled us to discover five key insights regarding recursive interactions of corporate- and business unit-level capabilities that our initial theoretical focus had not anticipated.

  • 12. Ginsberg, Ari
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Transforming Organizational Routines into Capabilities: Insights from a Process Study of Strategic Renewal2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Havemose, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Karltun, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    MakerSquare2022In: Förnyelse på Småländska / [ed] M. Forslund & L. Gustafsson, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Havemose, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Nya självorganiserande former av ledarskapsutveckling i brytningstid2023In: Ledarskap på småländska: Utmaningar och engagemang i brytningstid / [ed] M. Forslund & M. Lundgren, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Havemose, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Renässans i småländskt ledarskap – att digitalisera jordnära för konkurrenskraft2023In: Ledarskap på småländska: Utmaningar och engagemang i brytningstid / [ed] M. Forslund & M. Lundgren, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16. Lundberg, Ann
    et al.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Empty pockets: Time to change the game2015In: Strategic Outlook 6 / [ed] Carolina Sandö, John Rydqvist & Richard Langlais, Stockholm: FOI Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut , 2015, p. 53-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite extensive reforms in personnel and logistics, the finances of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) remain problematic. At the same time, new threats in the Baltic Sea area demand new defence capabilities and the SAF administration must adapt rapidly, too. Although the defence budget has been increased by 10 billion Swedish Kronor (SEK) for the period 2016-2020, a gap persists between capability needs and financial resources. On the one hand, reforms are necessary, but consume resources, which hinders the reduction of capability gaps. On the other hand, costsavings from international partnerships have reached a dead-end, while partnering remains key in defence policy. Although previous reforms have focused on administrative efficiency, they have led to unwanted effects, such as loss of trust in professionals, increasing costs, and misleading incentives. What kinds of changes would it take to escape from this depressing state of affairs?

  • 17.
    Lång, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Linköping, Sweden.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Oxenstierna, Susanne
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ökad försvarsproduktion: kritiska sektorer och tillväxtfaktorer i Försvarsmakten2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After a focus on cost reductions for nearly twenty-five years, the Swedish Armed Forces are now facing a period when the defense budget will increase. The report identifies the current state of knowledge and the need for new research on achieving value for of a higher defense budget. The report presents the results of an in-depth literature review and interviews with representatives from the Armed Forces.

    The reports formulates an analytical framework based on the concepts critical sectors and growth factors. Critical sectors refers to defined activities or sectors of the Armed Forces with priority of growth in combat forces and functions. Growth factors refers to factors that either hinder or promote organizational growth, such as the availability of staff and competences. The analytical framework is also illustrated with examples from the Armed Forces.

    The study shows that the current state of knowledge about growth in public organizations is limited. It is concluded that the Armed Forces should invest in related research within the FoT-program. Such research should aim at strengthening the conditions for the operational capability in the long run and the conditions for shortterm increases in defense production. Here, both concept and method development to handle the different time perspectives is important.

  • 18. Meijer, R.
    et al.
    Elmquist, M.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Beyond Collaboration in Business Model Innovation: A Radical Farmer Case2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Becoming a Different Defense Agency: Dynamic Capabilities as a Planning Process2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the extended case method, informed by dynamic capability theory and data from fieldwork and documentation, I examine the relationship between deliberate and emergent planning in a defense agency that reoriented its task from being internationally focused toward a domestic presence during 2014-2017. I find that tensions arise over changes in the deliberate planning activities because of their interaction with emergent planning activities of a strategic initiative. A comparative analysis of sequences and time unveiled a mechanism of intention, tension, and interaction. I develop a process model of this mechanism that explains why an organizational reorientation can be reinforced despite complicated financials and contradictions in the strategic planning of organizational reorientations, adding “stewarding” as a novel aspect of managerial agency in dynamic capabilities.

  • 20.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Corporate Spearhead Development as a Source of Transformative Capabilities: Evidence from Saab Group2019In: Academy of Management: Proceedings / [ed] Guclu Atinc, Academy of Management , 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical research on how diversified corporations develop and implement new strategic initiatives reflects two divergent perspectives – one that views the corporate parent or headquarters as the key driver of new strategic initiatives and another that views the business unit, or subsidiary as the key driver of new strategic initiatives. Prior studies examining the role of parent- subsidiary unit interactions in influencing corporate adaptation have focused on this role as a reflection of organizational architecture. Missing, however, are process theory studies that help us understand how co-evolutionary relationships between the corporate parent and subsidiaries work to spearhead successful transformation and adaptation to environmental challenges. To address this gap, we draw on a longitudinal case study of the Saab Group to examine how this process unfolds when a diversified corporation attempts to leverage the capabilities of an advanced subsidiary unit to spearhead organizational transformation and adaptation. Our analysis uncovers three key types of sequential corporate parent-subsidiary interaction episodes that lead to transformation and renewed corporate advantage. Our findings lead us to expand the concept of corporate spearhead development and to amplify the importance of a co-evolutionary perspective for understanding how diversified corporations develop and implement new strategic initiatives.

  • 21.
    Netz, Joakim
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Diffusa spänningar eller spännande tillväxt? Företagsledning i tider av snabb förändring2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As information technologies evolve quickly, the convergence between the technology platform of the firm and changes in business ecosystems raises the need for continuous renewal. This study explores how technology-based corporations’ drives renewal with new business areas, coping with organizational tensions invited by rapid change. Prominent theories assume that renewal-associated tension obstructs the renewal process and should consequently be eliminated. This assumption, however, is problematic since tension is also a source of firm growth, and eliminating it reduces strategic renewal to a zero-sum game. Therefore, a theory of strategic renewal needs to stress the properties of tensions and how these can drive growth. The dissertation approaches the problem of theory development, asking how the renewal process is sustained in technology-based corporations exposed to rapidly changing environments.

    Using the extended case method, the study addresses prominent theorizing about dynamic capabilities and examines new business development in three firms, ABB, Ericsson, and Saab, considering how they sustained the renewal process in the face of technological change, crises, and other tension-laden events in the first decade of the 21st century. The empirical study reveals how properties of tension constitute an inherent, socially constructed force that becomes a latent impetus underlying the renewal process. This feature can be termed paradoxical tension because its social dimensions appear irrational and absurd when juxtaposed to technological change and growth creation in the firm. Because paradoxical tension may develop as imperceptibly latent it challenges those who manage renewal across changeable environment. However, too frequent reorganizations of the division of units between existing and new businesses can be devastating for innovation and growth throughout the renewal process.

    In sum, a theory is developed that explains how actors in evolutionary systems of dynamic capabilities handle various types of paradoxical tension that ensures a firms prosperity and continuous renewal. This theory improves our knowledge of whether the firm possesses adequate entrepreneurial management capacity to generate new business areas that continuously renew the firm. Paradoxical tension is a reality that affects firm growth, and strategy theorists as well as executives need to address this problem of learning.

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  • 22.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Dynamic Planning for Reorienting the Organization: Intention, Tension, and Interaction2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Enacting Value Systems: Exploring Strategy as Process in Societal Adversity2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how public organizations adapt as they face adversity. Prior research portrays rapid adaptation of public organizations as inhibited by bureaucracy, while overcoming such administrative intertia is presumed valuable but relatively little theorized. Our grounded case analysis reveals how new capacity for protecting a local community from foreign power unfolded reinforced by three actions by a public agency: empowering actors, balancing tensions, and learning from feedback. We trace these actions to temporal management structures, their different phases in a two-year process, and how this process resolved the social need but also rendered new public-private relationships. To explain this pattern, the concept “enacting value system” is developed and offers a counter-point to predominant views on public organizations ability to rapidly create new value.

  • 24.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Försvarsstyrning i förändring: prestationer, budgetar och ledarskapet2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government uses performance management to control authorities. In the Armed Forces performance is conceptualized by the term product. By reporting product information, the government intends to control the Armed Forces' adaptation towards environmental changes, so-called product management. However, the introduction of product management has rendered difficulties such as needless administration, divergent reporting and, as a consequence, problematic relationships between the Ministry of Defence, Headquarters', and operational units, who jointly are responsible for the economy. This study report aims at clarifying the problem of product management and proposes an action agenda. FOIs operation research work has provided a solid base to study the problem. Data include document studies, participant observations, and interviews throughout the headquarters', and the interaction with the Ministry of Defence have been observed. In recent years, the organization of Swedish Armed Forces has shifted its focus - from international operations towards more domestic capability-building while the organization has been exposed to market forces. Despite this, the Armed Forces' control strategy has not been adjusted. The empirical analysis demonstrates how the problem of product management is related to the absence of product budget accounting of real benefit and flaws in change leadership. In conclusion, there is a lack of knowledge about the cost-effectiveness of the Armed Forces' core activities i.e. war troops. A number of recommendations is provided. The product concept should be refined to address economy of war units and the definition of the Armed Forces performance ought to be revised, in particular how real benefits of products can be described and addressed, as well as analyzed based on cost data upon product budgets. Thus, the product concept should be used to make visible whether the Swedish Armed Forces' organization is doing the right things, at the same time there is a need to better control whether major change projects contribute to (a) the right things are done and (b) adaptation of production.

  • 25.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Incumbents Self-disruption: Temporal Shaping in Continued Market Leadership2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Intended Revolution with Unintended Evolution: The Case of Proactive Self-Disruption2022In: Proceedings of The Annual Meeting of The Academy of Management, 2022, Vol. 2022, No. 1, Academy of Management , 2022, Vol. Vol. 2022, no 1, p. 18210-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does proactive self-disruption—from search for breakthrough to revolutionized industry—unfold? Many incumbents fail when their industry change, yet others, putting their own dominant positions at risk, change their established industries. Such self-disruption is challenging, and unattractive for investors and CEOs. Where CEOs are contracted for periods, disrupting with radical technological innovation takes a decade or more. Using literature on absorptive capacity as a dynamic capability of disruptive technologies, we extend explanations of established firms’ failure that converge in pointing to attachments to history as a handicap. Examining this point empirically, we followed the tradition of in-depth historical case studies (e.g., Tripsas & Gavetti, 2000; Danneels, 2011). A longitudinal research design allowed us to track how Asea Brown Boveri invented the HVDC Light technology and renewed its power system market leadership by disrupting its industry. Our findings show that proactive self-disruption is promoted by the CEO and middle managers, but its realization depends on differentiated temporal roles of middle managers’ persistent use of history in relation to stakeholders. We present a conceptual framework that explains how incumbents self-disrupt by relying on the stories that middle managers tell.

  • 27. Netz, Joakim
    Lost Purpose: A Field Study of Individuals Becoming Hybrid Characters in a Market Army2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Netz, Joakim
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Paradoxical contexts and capability reconfigurations: explaining change in stable patterns of strategic renewal2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Harnessing paradoxes is at the heart of achieving strategic renewal of the modern corporation. While recent research has theorized either paradoxical properties of processes or reconfiguration of capabilities in firm organization, much less is known about their interdependent relationship. This paper aims to explain this relationship. Based on a longitudinal design with three major cor-porations and a dataset of 10 068 documents including 45 interviews, the study unveils how tech-nological and enteprenurial elements mutually forms a paradoxical tension. This tension is crucial for firms to understand when altering reconfiguration of capabilities because not harnessing the paradox will impede the ability to maneuver strategic renewal.

  • 29. Netz, Joakim
    Reframing Strategic Renewal: Enacting Process-Advantages in Paradoxical Contexts2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Resuming History: Sustaining Market Leadership by Architectural Innovation2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Shaping the Environment while Breaking with the Past: A Capability-Practice Perspective on Firms Growth2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas strategy research has begun to clarify how practices as well as capabilities affect routines, much less is known about the capabilitypractice relationship, in particular the activities that shapes the environment. How do practice influence the shaping-effect of capabilities while breaking with the past? To examine this question, I pursue theory development and draw on empirical data from Ericsson and ABB. Based on a polar cross-case comparison with strong replication of evidence, two key categories emerged from a data-set of 5.000 documents including 625 verbatim transcripts from 29 interviews. The study shows that managers’ use symbolic capital in strategizing that changes a capability rather than a routine-component. To theorize this finding, the Bourdieusian perspective provided useful frame of reference to develop compelling theory.

  • 32.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Social Switch: A Processual View on Strategic Renewal2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Netz, Joakim
    Stockholm University.
    Strategic Planning in Reorientation of Public Agencies: A Learning Process of Identity Dynamics2018In: Academy of Management: Proceedings / [ed] Guclu Atinc, Academy of Management , 2018, no 1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public agencies face changing societal needs and new tasks. Even so, prior research has largely ignored how these organizations reorient their operation. This ethnography examines a defense agency that reoriented its task from being internationally focused toward a domestic presence during 2014-2017. Data include extensive fieldwork and documentation. Using the extended case method, I adopt the strategic planning concept and conceptualize it as two types of learning activities: exploitation and exploration. The empirical analysis reveals how experts learning and value creation with community stakeholders in planning of the new public agency task unfolds jointly with identity reinforcement. Through this richer explanation of organizational learning in strategic planning, the study contributes to a better understanding of how and why bureaucratic expertise act entrepreneurially.

  • 34. Netz, Joakim
    Unowned control: Disorder with design in the defence2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Netz, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Värdekonstellationer: En tillväxtmodell för innovativt och starkt totalförsvar2019In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 4, p. 70-74Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Axelson, M
    Championing Strategic Planning as Dynamic Capability: The Case of a Greyzone Response2021Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Axelson, M.
    Toward a Processual Bureaucracy for Adversity? A Grounded Model of Value System Enactment2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Axelson, M.
    Toward a Processual Bureaucratic Form: Insights from Defense Capability Development2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Axelson, M.
    Why Not Innovate Our Way? Public Sector Innovation and Breakdowns in Dynamic Capabilities Across Boundaries2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Axelson, Mattias
    Crisis-driven Innovation by Established Firms: A Sensitization Process of Innovating New Products2021In: Proceedings of The Annual Meeting of The Academy of Management, 2021, Vol. 2021, no 1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Covid-19 pandemic disrupted societies worldwide, and many firms answered the call for Covid-19-related innovations, with some quickly developing innovations to personal protection equipment, an area outside of their core businesses prior to the pandemic. How firms respond during crises to pressing societal needs by suspending a profit orientation to satisfy stakeholder needs is not understood well. We conducted inductive case studies of eight companies to address why such firms pivot from shareholder- to stakeholder-oriented new product development and how they satisfy new stakeholder needs during crises. Findings suggest that such companies model the process of internalizing and internal propagation of affectively charged signals that impress urgent humanitarian needs and alteration of how extant resources were recognized in relation to social norms and how capability assembly was initiated. These findings explain how for-profit product innovation prior to pandemic led to an additional mode of crisis-driven, new product innovation by suspending a profit orientation to respond quickly to calls for help. Implications to theory and practice are discussed.

  • 41.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Axelson, Mattias
    Innovationsmekanismer för svensk räddningstjänst: Pilotfasen 2016-20182019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Saving lives and mitigating the negative impact on public rights requires continuous societal crisis capability renewal. Therefore, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) annually invests 120 MSEK in research. The agency's research strategy values the utilization of the results of the research it finances, for instance, new innovations such as products and services. Despite this expectation, governance in terms of instructions and rules for reinvigorating societal crisis capability is largely missing. In 2016, MSB therefore decided to develop an "innovation mechanism." In turn, the Swedish defense research agency FOI was assigned by MSB to support the work by using actions research methodology. FOI was to document the process and thereby add to the innovation mechanism in terms of stakeholder learnings during as well as after the pilot phase. The results show that the development of an innovation mechanism is not a simple process, not the least as interest on what is considered valuable changes continuously. This report contributes to new knowledge on the organization of innovation mechanisms and has implications for other areas of society that need innovation.

  • 42.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Axelson, Mattias
    Sandström, C.
    Innovation Challenges in the Public Sector – A Value Constellation Perspective2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Axelsson, M
    Siva, Vanajah
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Jafari, Hamid
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Eslami, Mohammad H.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Sustainability Trade-offs in Business Model Innovation2021Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Axelsson, Mattias
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.
    Näringslivsbaserad motståndskraft: Lärdomar från pandemin för det civila försvaret2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Näringslivet kan ge viktiga bidrag till det civila försvaret vid en samhällskris. Det visade sig inte minst under den första vågen av coronapandemin. När samhället fick brist på bland annat desinfektionsmedel, skyddsutrustning, ventilatorer och läkemedel kunde näringslivet ställa om sin produktion. En matchning mellan samhällets akuta behov och företagens kapaciteter som behöver ske snabbt förutsätter att det finns en samordning mellan företag och myndigheter. Kunskapsläget om hur samhälle och företag snabbt kan samordna roller och relationer för näringslivsbaserad motståndskraft vid en kris är emellertid svagt. Hur snabb utveckling av samordningsförmåga mellan företag och andra aktörer för hantering av samhällskriser genomförs är därför en angelägen fråga för forskning och policy.

  • 45.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Axelsson, Mattias
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.
    Öhlin, Sara
    Stockholms universitet.
    Innovationsdialog och nya testbäddar för hantering av samhällsutmaningar: Exemplet ERIA verklighetslabb2020Report (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Demir, R.
    Capability evolution of resource cognizing: Evidence from Höganäs industry since 15712023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Eberl, M.
    Resource Management for Entrepreneurial Fitness: A Grounded Process Model2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Eberl, M.
    Toward Higher Levels: Managing Tensions over Entrepreneurial Fitness in a Radical Context of Corporate Transformation2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Eberl, Martina
    Berlin School of Economics & Law.
    Muddling through alliances to portfolios: Learning systemic responsibility for collaboration-capabilities2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Netz, Joakim
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Einar, Iveroth
    Uppsala universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Understanding imperceptible practices in strategic renewal challenges2011In: 11th European Academy of Management conference (EURAM), 1-4 June, Tallinn, European Academy of Management (EURAM) , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the co-existence of both radical and incremental renewal–referred to as the strategic renewal overlap– and the practice behind it. The paper does so by examining the global corporation Ericsson that renewed into multimedia business and the defense corporation SAAB that renewed into training systems and services. The empirical data consist of in-depth interviews, internal documents, and press articles and annual reports, which are analyzed using extended case method. The findings provide deep insights into what it is that managers actually do when they engage in strategic renewal overlap. Altogether the paper shows that the strategic renewal overlap is of central concern because if we understand more of its nature then we can also understand some of the reasons behind the success and failure of technological change.

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