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  • 1.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell. Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Arbetsuppdrag och återhämtning i välfärdstjänstearbete2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 7-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln beskriver ett uppdragsperspektiv på arbete, det vill säga en fokusering på hur ett arbetsuppdrag formas och är sammansatt med avseende på resurser och krav med betydelse för att kunna genomföra uppdraget på ett bra sätt. I studien undersöks hur förutsättningarna för att utföra arbetet, i termer av arbetskrav och resurser i arbetet, hänger samman med återhämtning inom välfärdstjänstearbete i två kommuner. Uppdragsförutsättningarna har ett relativt högt förklaringsvärde gentemot återhämtning men de ingående variablerna bidrar i olika grad.

  • 2.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Division of Work and Organizational Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The long arm of the job – work characteristics and recovery windows in social welfare work2019In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 15-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Social welfare work contains elements that may be difficult for employees to put out of their minds when the working day ends, which may affect the recovery. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the length of recovery in relation to different work characteristics and to two types of welfare work.

    Design/methodology/approach: All 1,365 employees, excluding managers, of two municipality administrations were invited to a survey study. Of these, 673 (49 percent) responded. After adjusting for partial missing, the effective sample included 580 employees (43 percent). Retrospective ratings of four recovery windows were analyzed: recovery after one night’s sleep, weekends, shorter holidays and vacations.

    Findings: Employees with a university education were less recovered than those with a shorter education. For those with a university education, the long arm of the job mainly involved failures regarding qualitative job demands (task difficulty). For those with a shorter education, quantitative job demands (too much to do) were most prominent for their prolonged recovery. Feedback from managers had consistent and positive associations with all four recovery windows among employees with a university education, but not among those with a shorter education for whom instead having too much to do and social support had significant spillover effects.

    Originality/value: The identified differences may relate to employees with a university education having more problem-solving tasks, which may result in a higher need of work-related feedback but also in difficulties detaching from work. Thus, education and job characteristics have differential associations with self-rated recovery. 

  • 3.
    Göransson, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Stockholms universitet.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet.
    Kylin, Camilla
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet samt North-West University, Sydafrika.
    Dialog och kunskap om arbetsmiljö - En intervention som balanserar?2013In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 113-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykosociala arbetsmiljöfaktorers inverkan på hälsa och produktivitet kan sammanfattas i ett antal balanser; balanserna krav–kontroll, ansträngning–belöning, arbete–återhämtning, mål–resurser och kvantitet–kvalitet. Trots befintlig kunskap saknas interventionsstudier som fokuserat på dessa balanser. Här redovisas resultat från ett pilotprojekt där medarbetare och chefer deltog i en intervention med fokus på dialog om uppdraget och arbetsmiljöns balanser.

  • 4.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Göransson, Sara
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Kylin, Camilla
    Department of Psychology, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, South Africa.
    A pilot-study of a worksite based participatory intervention program: Its acceptability and short-term effects on work climate and attitudes in human service employees2017In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 625-636Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes.

    OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector. It is evaluated using participants' perceptions of the intervention to investigate its acceptability as a feature of feasibility and its short-term effects on work climate factors (job demands and resources) and work-related attitudes.

    METHODS: Forty employees of a Swedish social service unit provided self-reports before, during, and after the intervention.

    RESULTS: As for effects, quantitative role overload and social support decreased while turnover intention increased. Responses to an open-ended question showed that participants considered the intervention program valuable for addressing issues relating to the psychosocial work climate.

    CONCLUSIONS: Although the findings are preliminary, it was possible to carry out this worksite based participatory organizational program in this particular setting. Also, the preliminary findings underscore the challenges associated with designing and implementing this type of intervention program, thus adding to the methodological discussion on implementation and evaluation.

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