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  • 1.
    Argentzell, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, avd för arbetsterapi och gerontologi.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Eklund, Mona
    Lunds universitet, avd för arbetsterapi och gerontologi.
    Experience of meaning in everyday occupations among unemployed people with severe mental illness2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 49-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Knowledge about how people with severe mental illness find meaning in non-work occupations is important in order to develop programmes of meaningful daily occupations for this group.

    Purpose. To examine the meaning daily occupations may bring to those who are severely mentally ill and unemployed.

    Methods. Twelve unemployed people with severe mental illness were interviewed regarding their experience of meaning in daily occupations.

    Findings. Meaning was experienced in a balance between occupations that helped the informants control their mental illness. Themes of meaning were: feeling competent and being socially engaged, having routines and being productive, being creative and seeking knowledge, and taking care of body and mind. Substitutes for paid work were found in occupations such as taking care of the household or being productive at a day centre.

    Implications. People with severe mental illness should be allowed to play an active role in their rehabilitation process, using the occupational therapist for forming daily routines, creating a balance between work-like and restful occupations, finding occupations that meet one’s skills and training social behaviour. Besides, work-related occupations should be emphasized in the rehabilitation.

  • 2.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    et al.
    Avdelningen för arbetsterapi och gerontologi, Lunds universitet.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    Department of Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Lissner, Lauren
    Department of Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Women's perceived frequency of disturbing interruptions and its relationship to self-rated health and satisfaction with life as a whole2010In: Stress and Health, ISSN 1532-3005, E-ISSN 1532-2998, Vol. 26, p. 225-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Daily occupations form a pattern dominated by a few main occupations intertwined with hidden occupations. A third category is denoted unexpected occupations or minor events that interrupt the rhythm of main and hidden occupations. The phenomenon of unexpected occupations can be interpreted as an illustration of interruptions in daily life or daily minor stressors. The study aimed to investigate women’s perceived frequency of such disturbing interruptions, and possible relationships with their self-rated health and satisfaction with life as a whole. The study included 202 women aged 38 years, and 286 women aged 50 years who replied to a mailed questionnaire. The results showed that perceived high frequency of interruptions was related to poor subjective health among the younger women, and to low satisfaction with life as a whole in both age groups. Furthermore, the younger women perceived disturbing interruptions more frequently than the older ones, and among the younger women those who had children living at home and lived with a partner experienced disturbing interruptions more frequently than those without children living at home or those living single. The results should be interpreted with caution because the measurement of perceived interruptions has not yet been subjected to psychometric evaluation.

  • 3.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, avdelningen för arbetsterapi och gerontologi.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Aspects of daily occupations that promote life balance among women in Sweden2009In: Life balance: Multidisciplinary theories and research, Thorofare: Slack incorporated , 2009, p. 115-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The book is a unique text that offers empirical research and theories to a concept not yet recognized in the scientific community. Dr Kathleen Matuska and Dr Charles Christiansen, joined by Dr Helene Polatajko and Dr Jane Davies proficiently address the various ways to conceptualize life balance as distinguishable among other positive state constructs. Resulting from an informed discussion among international scientists who gathered for a discussion on life balance, this text compiles conceptual commonalities, associations, and discrepancies affiliated with life balance research. This groundbreaking and forward-thinking text implements a multidisciplinary approach to learning about life balance with contributions from psychological, sociological, occupational, economical, leisure, and family studies.

  • 4.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Ahlborg, Gunnar
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Perceptions of employment, domestic work, and leisure as predictors of health among women and men2010In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 150-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aims of this longitudinal study were to analyse whether perceptions of employment,domestic work and leisure were predictors of health among women and men, and whether the predictors revealed were the same for both genders. Method: A random sample comprising of 2,683 employees in public health care and social insurance offices (2286 women and 397 men) in western Sweden, answered a survey twice, within a two-year interval. Results: The results showed that perceptions of low stress, good balance and high meaning in the occupations of everyday life predicted both good self-rated health and balanced work attendance among women but not among men. For men, the most important predictor of both good self-rated health and balanced work attendance was low work place stress. Conclusion: The men seemed to have a better balance between employment, domestic work, and leisure than the women. Furthermore, the results indicated that leisure might be a more pronounced health protector for women than for men.

  • 5.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Eklund, Mona
    Inst för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Avd för arbetsterapi och gerontologi, Lunds universitet.
    Associations between women's subjective perceptions of daily occupations and life satisfaction, and the role of perceived control2011In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, ISSN 0045-0766, E-ISSN 1440-1630, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 397-404Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND/AIM:

    More knowledge is needed about the role of perceived control in the associations between different perceptions of daily occupations and positive health outcomes. The aim was to explore the associations between different subjective perceptions of daily occupations, in terms of occupational balance, occupational meaning, occupational value and satisfaction with occupations, and life satisfaction, and the role of perceived control in those associations.

    METHODS:

    A questionnaire including questions about perceptions of daily occupations, perceived control and life satisfaction were answered by a random sample of 488 middle-aged Swedish women. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to test the associations between perceptions of daily occupations and life satisfaction, and the role of perceived control.

    RESULTS:

    After adjustments for perceived control women who perceived a high level of satisfaction with work and leisure, occupational balance, occupational meaning and occupational value perceived greater life satisfaction than the other women. Perceived control was not significant in the model.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    It seems that occupational balance and occupational meaning were pivotal for the women's life satisfaction, but satisfaction with work and leisure, as well as perceived occupational value, was also of importance. The assumption that perceived control would have a role in the association between perceptions of occupations and life satisfaction was not confirmed.

    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY:

    The results indicate that occupational therapists need to focus on occupational balance, occupational meaning, occupational value and satisfaction with work and leisure to promote positive health outcomes, in terms of life satisfaction, when working with middle-aged female clients.

  • 6.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Göteborgs universitet, inst för arbetsterapi och fysioterapi.
    Sonn, Ulla
    Göteborgs universitet, inst för arbetsterapi och fysioterapi.
    Achieving balance in everyday life: Insights from women with stress-related disorders2006In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 74-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is growing interest in developing a conceptual understanding of the experience of balance in everyday life, from an occupational perspective. The purpose of this study was to gain insights about balance in the everyday lives of women with stress-related disorders. Data were gathered from 19 women who were past the first phase of recovery from a stress-related disorder and participated in one of five focus groups. Analysis revealed that the participants experienced a continuum between imbalance and balance in everyday life. The themes that emerged were image of occupational self, strategies to manage and control everyday life, occupational repertoire, and occupational experience. Balance in everyday life was achieved through a dynamic interaction between these themes, which the women characterised as respecting their own values, needs, and resources; having strategies to manage and control everyday life; having a harmonious occupational repertoire; and engaging in personally meaningful occupation. Engagement in personally meaningful occupation appears to be a mechanism that enables people to achieve balance in everyday life by enabling them to develop a successful occupational selfimage, manageability, control, and a harmonious occupational repertoire. Well-being seems to be the outcome of balance in everyday life, and lack of balance is experienced as overload.

  • 7.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Eklund, Mona
    Lunds universitet, avd för arbetsterapi och gerontologi.
    Lidfeldt, Jonas
    Lunds universitet, inst för samhällsmedicin.
    Nerbrand, Christina
    Lunds universitet, inst för samhällsmedicin.
    Samsioe, Göran
    Lunds universitetssjukhus, avd för gynekologi och obstretik.
    Nilsson, Peter M
    Lunds universitet, inst för samhällsmedicin.
    Well-being and occupational roles among middle-aged women2005In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 341-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One purpose of the present study is to explore the stability of the pattern of health/work and sickness absence among middle-aged women over a period of three years. Two hypotheses were tested: 1. that enduringly healthy working women would perceive more valued occupational roles and higher well-being than long-term sick-listed women, and 2. that high levels of well-being at baseline would predict enduring health and occupational role value at a 3-year follow-up. Middle-aged women (n = 208) answered a postal survey with the Role checklist, a well-being scale and questions about work and sickness situation. The results showed that there was a considerable variability in the pattern of health/work and sickness absence. The results showed that the enduringly healthy women experienced a more valued worker role and higher well-being than the long-term sick-listed women. Furthermore, high levels of well-being concerning health and work predicted enduring health in the studied sample.

  • 8.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Lissner, Lauren
    Göteborgs universitet, sekt för allmänmedicin.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    Göteborgs universitet, sekt för allmänmedicin.
    Sonn, Ulla
    Göteborgs universitet, inst för arbetsterapi och fysioterapi.
    Engagement in patterns of daily occupations and perceived health among women of working age2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 110-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine how subjective experiences of engagement in patterns of daily occupations (gainful employment, domestic work, enjoyable and recreational occupations) were associated with perceived health among women of working age. The sample (n_488) was drawn from a longitudinal cohort study of women of working age in Gothenburg, Sweden. Participants were women 38 (n_202) and 50 (n_286) years of age. They completed a questionnaire including questions about occupational experiences in relation to their patterns of daily occupations, perceived health, and socioeconomic factors. The results of the present study showed that a combination of different experience dimensions of patterns of daily occupations was associated with perceived health among women of working age, even when adjusted for socioeconomic factors and age. The results provided occupational pattern-related health indicators, i.e. manageability, personally meaningful occupations, and occupational balance. To combine these health indicators can be a way for occupational therapists to enable women to develop strategies to promote health and to prevent stress and sick leave.

  • 9.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Matuska, Kathleen
    Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, St. Catherine University, USA..
    How Life Balance is Perceived by Swedish Women Recovering from a Stress-related Disorder: A Validation of the Life Balance Model2010In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 112-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This phenomenological research is the second part of two analysis phases. The purpose of the first analysis phase was to gain insights about the experiences, perceptions, and attitudes about lifestyle balance of 19 women who were recovering from stress-related disorders. The findings indicated that the women perceived both balance and imbalance relative to their image of occupational self, strategies to manage and control everyday life, occupational repertoire, and occupational experience. The purpose of the second analysis phase was to re-analyze the data for its congruence with the Matuska and Christiansen life balance model using a matrix system, and to test the validity of the model. Results from the second phase are reported. When discussing the continuum between balance and imbalance in their lives, the women described occupations that met needs related to each of the five lifestyle balance model dimensions. They felt balanced or imbalanced depending on whether they were able to maintain their physical health, nurture important relationships, create a positive identity, pursue rewarding and stimulating occupations, and manage their time and energy to achieve daily goals and renewal. These findings provide additional validity for the life balance model, which may be used in occupational science.

  • 10.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Divison of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Milevi, Sophia
    Region Kronoberg, Växjö, Sweden.
    Eek, Frida
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.
    Oudin, Anna
    Divison of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 366-374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Occupational balance is the experience of having the right amount and right variation between work, domestic work, leisure, rest, and sleep. There is limited knowledge about which factors predict parents’ combined occupational balance, and if the combined occupational balance is associated with work and life satisfaction.

    Aim: The first aim was to explore whether domestic work and childcare at baseline predicted combined occupational balance at follow-up among working cohabiting parents. The second aim was to explore associations between different combinations of occupational balance, and work and life satisfaction at follow-up.

    Method: A sample of 139 cohabiting parents responded to a questionnaire. Cohabiting parents can experience their occupational balance differently, and in the present study their experiences were divided into high and low after the median. The parents’ balance was then combined in terms of high-high, high-low and low-low. Associations between childcare, domestic work, work and life satisfaction, and combined occupational balance were analysed with multinomial logistic regression analyses.

    Results: Satisfaction with the division of domestic work predicted a high-high occupational balance in parent couples. Associations were found between high-high as well as high-low combined occupational balance and life satisfaction, and between high-high occupational balance and work satisfaction.

    Conclusions: It seems important for both parents in a couple to experience satisfaction with the division of domestic work to experience high occupational balance as well as work and life satisfaction.

  • 11.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Svartvik, Lena
    Lidfeldt, Jonas
    Nerbrand, Christina
    Samsioe, Göran
    Scherstén, Bengt
    Nilsson, Peter M
    Self-rated health in middle-aged women: Associations with sense of coherence and socioeconomic and health-related factors2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 99-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to describe and analyse self-rated health in relation to sense of coherence and socioeconomic and health-related factors and to explore the associations between self-rated health and these factors in order to identify health resources and health limitations in a group of healthy middle-aged women. Healthy middle-aged women from a defined geographical area in Southern Sweden ( n =577) answered a postal survey with the sense of coherence scale and questions about socioeconomic and health-related conditions. The results showed that very good/rather good self-rated health was associated with high sense of coherence and good economic situation, and these factors can be seen as a health resource. Poor self-rated health was most strongly associated with perceived symptoms of tension, weak sense of coherence, treatment for depression, treatment for chronic disease, and difficult economic situation, and these factors can be seen as health limitations. In conclusion, only 29% of the women rated their health as very good and 41% of the women had symptoms of tension but they were not sick-listed. It is of major public health interest to improve the understanding of self-rated health and to develop health promotion for women and methods to prevent symptoms of tension and sick-listing.

  • 12.
    Håkansson, Carita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Aktivitetsbalans : ett fokus för hälsofrämjande arbetsterapi2018In: Hälsa och aktivitet i vardagen: ur ett arbetsterapeutiskt perspektiv / [ed] Ulla Kroksmark, Nacka: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter , 2018, 2:a uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Ottenvall Hammar, Isabelle
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    The importance for daily occupations of perceiving good health: Perceptions among women with rheumatic diseases2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 82-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this phenomenographic study was to identify and characterise what women with the diagnoses Rheumatoid Arthritis and Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis consider important in the occupational performance of daily occupations to experience health regardless of their disease. Nine women, 42-65 years old participated in the study. By using a phenomenographic method with semi-structured questions the main category “Being able to be as active as possible in daily occupations” emerged. It was important for the participants to perform personally meaningful occupations to experience health. The participants found it especially important to be able to perform self-care and homemaking. The participants could experience health despite suffering from a chronic disease by using assistive devices, adjusting their daily occupations according to their level of physical function and strength and getting support from other individuals. By having access to a variety of treatments the participants could maintain or increase their level och performance of daily occupations. Though being deficient in physical function, the participants were able to achieve maximum of occupational performance by adjusting the occupation component and the environment component.

  • 14.
    Sandqvist, Gunnel
    et al.
    Department of Rheumatology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hesselstrand, Roger
    Department of Rheumatology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Scheja, Agneta
    Department of Rheumatology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Managing work life with systemic sclerosis2012In: Rheumatology, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 319-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To explore how individuals with systemic sclerosis (SSc) manage their work life.

    Methods. We conducted four focus group interviews which included 17 patients. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. The transcribed texts were analysed according to thematic content analysis. Relevant statements, that generated preliminary categories, were identified after which, themes and underlying sub-themes were generated.

     Results. Four themes emerged:  adaptation, strategy, communication and attitude. Flexible working hours, workplace and work assignments corresponding to the individuals’ recourses, were the most important adaptation requirements for SSc patients. Reluctance to disclose their illness was the most prominent reason for not requesting adaptations. Strategies to facilitate working at home, such as receiving assistance with household chores as well as buying in cleaning services were easy to realize and saved energy for meaningful activities. The participants tried to prioritize meaningful activities rather than spending energy on unnecessary activities both at work and outside of work. Fatigue influenced activities at work but mostly outside of work and to manage their working life the participants were dependent of having time for recovery, above all rest.

    Conclusion. The ability to develop adaptations and strategies, to a great extent, depends on the individual’s understanding and acceptance of their disease, awareness and respect for their own needs for meaningful activities and an ability to communicate this at work and outside of work. As health professionals we should enhance the confidence of persons with SSc to strengthen their ability to bring about the necessary dialogue.

  • 15.
    Uhrmann, Lisa
    et al.
    Department of Applied Social Sciences, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Munich, Germany.
    Hovengen, Ida
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Prosthetics and Orthotics, Faculty of Health Sciences, OsloMet–Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bonsaksen, Tore
    Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, Sandnes, Norway.
    The Norwegian Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N)–development and pilot study2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 26, no 7, p. 546-551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The concept occupational balance has been linked with health and well-being, and it is therefore viewed as an important concept for occupational therapy practice, theory and research. To operationalize and measure occupational balance, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed in Sweden. To date, no Norwegian translations of the OBQ exists.

    Aim: To describe the process of developing a Norwegian version of the 11-items Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N) and to evaluate its feasibility and face validity.

    Methods: The development process followed a predetermined series of steps, including forward and back translation and cognitive interviews with a pilot sample.

    Results: The pilot study sample (n = 8) varied with respect to age, gender and education level. There was high level of agreement between the participants with regard to their understanding of the content of the items. Three of the items were slightly modified in terms of words and phrasing.

    Conclusion: The OBQ11-N was developed according to established translation guidelines and appears to be feasible and have good face validity.

    Significance: The OBQ11-N may prove useful for assessing occupational balance and associated factors in Norwegian population groups. However, more research is needed to establish the Norwegian version of the questionnaire as psychometrically valid. 

  • 16.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Occupational balance as used in occupational therapy: A concept analysis2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 322-327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Occupational balance is a frequently used concept in occupational therapy, but it is complex and differences in content exist. Further knowledge would be valuable for scholars, practitioners, and measurement development. Concept analysis is a way to clarify concepts. The present concept analysis used Walker and Avant's procedure for analysing the concept of occupational balance, with 43 articles included in the analysis. The results showed that occupational balance can be defined as the individual's perception of having the right amount of occupations and the right variation between occupations. Three perspectives of occupational balance were identified: in relation to occupational areas, in relation to occupations with different characteristics, and in relation to time use. The knowledge gained may guide the use of the concept, and some suggestions are made for its use and for further research.

  • 17.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Inst för psykologi, Göteborgs universitet.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Perceptions of life balance among a working population in Sweden2011In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 410-418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A life in balance is commonly related to health and well-being. However, our knowledge regarding the perceptions of life balance among the general population is limited. Our aim was to explore the perception of life balance among working people without recent long-term sick leave. Individual interviews were conducted with 7 men and 12 women and analyzed according to grounded theory, aiming at achieving a description. The results showed that life balance includes four interrelated dimensions: activity balance, balance in body and mind, balance in relation to others, and time balance. Life balance was regarded by the participants as health related, promoted by a sense of security, and affected by context and individual strategies. Life balance was also seen as being individually defined and dynamic. The results indicate that the perceptions of life balance might be quite general because they show similarities with previous research on different populations.

  • 18.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    What is considered important for life balance? Similarities and differences among some working adults2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 377-384Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Life balance seems subjective, health related, and multidimensional. However, the concept is complex. Exploring what people themselves consider more or less important for their life balance and whether this differs between people would develop new knowledge. Q methodology was chosen for the present study, in which 32 working men and women without recent long-term sick leave participated. They sorted 42 statements regarding life balance according to their importance for each participant's life balance. The analysis resulted in four different viewpoints concerning life balance. All four viewpoints considered good relationships with those closest to them, as well as knowing that these people were doing well, as important. Each viewpoint also showed a unique orientation towards what was considered important for life balance: occupational balance (viewpoint 1), self-actualization (viewpoint 2), self-awareness (viewpoint 3), and reciprocal relationships (viewpoint 4). The results. showed support for life balance as being a subjective, multidimensional, and health-related phenomenon. The results demonstrated the importance of relationships for life balance and heterogeneity in what people considered important for their own life balance.

  • 19.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Matuska, Kathleen
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Validating the model of lifestyle balance on a working Swedish population2012In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 106-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An analysis of data from a previously conducted grounded theory study exploring perceptions of life balance among 19 working adults without recent long term sick leave was carried out. The aim of this secondary analysis was to use these perceptions of life balance to validate the Model of Lifestyle Balance proposed by Matuska and Christiansen. For the validation, a matrix was used. The results showed that Matuska and Christiansen's five need-based dimensions were represented by the participants’ perceptions of life balance, but also an additional aspect not included in the model. The participants stressed healthy habits in relation to sleep, exercise and eating, and good relationships as important for life balance. Furthermore, it was described as important to perceive sufficient challenge and meaningfulness in their occupations and to organize time and energy. Finally, the participants stressed financial security as important for life balance. These findings provide additional evidence of the validity of the Model of Lifestyle Balance, a model that appears to be useful in occupational science.

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