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  • 1.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    A Full-Scale Light Laboratory in a Public Space2011In: Convention Proceedings from PLDC 3rd Global lighting Design Convention, 19–22 October, 2011 in Madrid, Spain, Gütersloh, Germany: VIA-Verlag , 2011, p. 69-72Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    ching spatial complexity through a combined method strategy: appearance of multiple lighting design scenarios in a single space2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Light shapes spaces: experience of distribution of light and visual spatial boundaries2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Light enables us to experience space. The distribution of light is vital for spatial experience but has not been the main focus of previous research on lighting. The lighting designer’s professional knowledge is to a great extent experience-based and tacit. With design practice as the point of departure, this thesis aims to explore spatiality and enclosure in relation to the distribution of light – with the intention of increasing subjects’ understanding of what can be regarded as a space, and to show how spaces can be shaped by the distribution of light. By focusing on users’ experiences and interpretations, relationships between the distribution of light and perceived spatial dimensions and experienced spatial atmosphere have been investigated. The main contribution of this thesis is to widen the base of knowledge that lighting designers, architects and customers can use as a common reference. This thesis is based on three studies: the Scale Model Study, the Auditorium Study and the Church Park Study. The thesis includes concept- and method development. The mixed methodologies comprise a range from introspective phenomenological observations to deep interviews and questionnaires. The experimental setups have also shifted from scale models to real-life interior and exterior settings. Consequently, a quantitative approach has complemented the mainly qualitative approach. Through artistically based research, patterns and relationships are dealt with in complex real spaces. The findings of these studies lead to a discussion of when, why and how patterns of brightness and darkness influence spatial perceptions of dimensions. The findings also show that brightness not only contributes to our experiencing a space as more spacious than it really is, but in certain situations brightness can actually have the reverse effect. Furthermore, darkness can contribute to a spacious impression, which has hardly been discussed in previous research. What subjects regard as a space may shift between the clearly defined physical space and the perceived space, which include light zones. Light zones can create a sense of inclusion or exclusion for subjects, which affects their sense of community and their feeling of safety. Light topography, e.g. the height of luminaire positions, as well as light direction influence the way we experience the private and the public. Enclosure can, if related to visible spatial boundaries, facilitate reassurance and safety.

  • 4.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Lighting Design Research in Public Space: A Holistic Approach to a Complex Reality2011In: Proceedings from the 27 Session of the CIE. International conference in Sun City, South Africa 10–15 July 2011, Volume 1, part 2, International Commission on Illumination , 2011, p. 767-776Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Ljusdesign och rumsgestaltning2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från förlagets webbplats:

    Hur påverkar belysningen hur vi ser och upplever rum? Att uppfatta rum visuellt är inte alls samma sak som att utgå från det fysiskt mätbara rummet. Är det ljus eller mörker som gör att en yta uppfattas ligga längre bort? Kan ljuset påverka den sociala dynamiken i ett rum? Hur kan man öka trygghetskänslan på en plats? Kan ett rum uppfattas som mer eller mindre rumsligt? Den här boken ger svar och stimulerar till nya frågor.

    I boken varvas teori om perception, ljus och rum med praktiska tips om analysmetoder och skissteknik. Den ger grundkunskap i arkitektonisk ljusdesign men presenterar inga färdiga lösningar. Den uppgiften – att skapa ljusmiljöerna – är din!

  • 6.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Observations of spatial atmosphere in relation to light distribution2006In: Proceedings from the 5th conference on design and emotion, Gothenburg: Department of product and production development, division design, Chalmers university of Technology , 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this design research is to increase the understanding of lighting quality by supplementing existing illumination knowledge with visual evaluation of light distribution in three-dimensional rooms. This paper is based on a pilot study including observations of twelve different lighting situations in two comparable scale-model rooms. The discussion that follows focuses the relation between light distribution and experienced spatial atmosphere. The primary purpose with the pilot study was to investigate methods to observe, as well as to develop hypotheses, about spatial atmosphere experience in relation to light distribution. Additionally, descriptive concepts are formulated. Furthermore, the consequences for spatial atmosphere experience are discussed in terms of light-pattern, rhythm and the experience of being enclosed or excluded by the light-room. A main result is how light distribution seems to affect if a room is experienced as understandable or confusing, calm or active. Light patterns on walls and in the ceiling seem to be more important than on the floor, yet a light patched floor may have large impact on the whole room atmosphere. Moreover the findings indicate a relationship between hard or soft light contrasts and warm or cold colour experiences.

  • 7.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Rhythm in illumination created by static light patterns2013In: Proceedings of CIE centenary conference "Towards a New Century of Light": Paris, France, 15-16 April 2013, Vienna: The International Commission on Illumination, 2013, p. 1101-1106Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Spatial enclosedness & lighting quality: light distribution studies in scale model room2006Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Spatial Interpretations in Relation to Designer Intentions: A Combined Strategies Study in an Auditorium with Variable Lighting2010In: Colour and light in Architecture: International Conference, 11-12 November 2010 : proceedings / [ed] Pietro Zennaro, Venice: IUAV , 2010, p. 258-263Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a lighting designer perspective, it is of great interest to know if users will experience the final lighting design as it was in-tended to be experienced. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to interview the lighting designer in charge about his design intentions and compare this to the user’s visual observations. The investigation took place in a real-life university auditorium, where it was possible to monitor the lighting, made up of five different scenarios. 21 informants participated in the study. Combined strategies were used in a questionnaire with semantic scales and a verbal description. In addition to these, the inquiry was followed by in-depth interviews. How the various lighting scenarios affected experienced spatiality, size and shape as well as spatial atmos-phere were compared to the design intentions. Discrepancies between the observers’ spatial interpretations and the interpretation of spatial concepts are also discussed in relation to the lighting design.

  • 10.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Understanding the Space: How Distribution of Light Influences Spatiality2013In: Crafting the Future - 10th European Academy of Design Conference, European Academy of Design, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to existing research by showing the influence of the distribution of light on the perception of a space. It addresses the importance of conceptual awareness and the impact of informants' possible pre-understandings. It combines and develops research methods that can accommodate the complexity of real spaces through patterns and relationships. Additionally, it includes concept development of spatial understanding. This primarily qualitative approach of dealing with complex spaces provides a new and unique contribution to the field of lighting research. This lighting design research consists of experimental studies within three different complex spatial contexts, from scale models to interior and exterior spaces. The importance of visual spatial boundaries and brightness patterns are discussed in relation to enclosure, perceived dimensions and atmosphere. It is more cost effective to make a space more spacious by changing the distribution of light than by changing the physical space through alterations. Light may generally have an enlarging effect, though sometimes it can have the opposite effect. This paper addresses how the placement of luminaires, the direction of light and the focus and spread of the light impact the perceived spatial dimensions and experience of atmosphere. A light zone can include as well as exclude participants. A focused light may call for attention, causing an audience to lower its speaking volume. Distribution of light is also useful for dividing a large office landscape into spatial units. The light topography—the upper boundary created by the heights of luminaires in a space—and light direction are factors of empowerment. A clearly defined, tangible space seems to also contribute to an experience of safety. Illuminated vertical surfaces can contribute to a clear overview and a clearly defined space that is experienced as having a sheltering and embracing effect.

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