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  • 1.
    Kjellström, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Almers, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Ramirez-Pasillas, Marcela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Stagell, Ulrica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Andersson, Ann-Carin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Högskoleutbildning för hållbar utveckling: En kartläggning vid Jönköpings högskola2014Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Högre utbildning i Sverige ska enligt Högskolelagens paragraf 5 främja hållbar utveckling (Svensk högskolelag 1992:1434). Hållbar utveckling har definierats som en ”utveckling som tillfredsställer dagens behov utan att kompromissa med kommande generationers möjligheter att tillfredsställa sina behov” (United Nations, 1987). Hållbar utveckling innebär ansvarstagande för kommande generationer och utsträcker sig globalt. När ekologiska gränser överskrids kan människors möjligheter till goda liv undermineras.

    Våren 2013 fick författarna till denna rapport pedagogiska medel för att kartlägga undervisning om och för hållbar utveckling vid Högskolan i Jönköping. Syftet var att undersöka omfattningen av hållbar utveckling i undervisningen på strategisk nivå, programnivå, kursplanenivå och undervisningsnivå. Ett ytterligare syfte var att utifrån en analys av resultatet föreslå åtgärder som kan stärka högskolan i arbetet med utbildning för hållbar utveckling. Kartläggningen började med ett liknande upplägg på samtliga fackhögskolor men fick också anpassas till förutsättningarna på varje skola.

    Resultatet av kartläggningen visar skillnader mellan de olika fackhögskolorna i hur hållbarhetsfrågor inkluderas i undervisningen. Allt från att ingen kursplan innehållande hållbar utveckling identifierats till att undervisningen måste inkludera ett visst antal högskolepoäng. Kartläggningen visar också att tolkningarna av hållbar utveckling och undervisning för/om hållbar utveckling varierar mellan enskilda lärare.

    På Hälsohögskolan är området osynligt i kursplaner och inkluderandet av hållbar utveckling i undervisningen bygger på enskilda lärares engagemang. På Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation skiljer det sig mellan olika program där inslaget av hållbar utveckling varierar från att behandlas ingående till att inte synas explicit. Internationella handelshögskolan har prioriterat arbete med etiska och sociala frågor i utbildning och ekologisk hållbarhet är mindre framträdande. Det finns dock kurser som inkluderar ekologiska, sociala och ekonomiska dimensioner. Jönköpings tekniska högskola har en genomarbetad strategi för hur hållbar utveckling skall finnas med i utbildningarna. Varje utbildning skall integrera minst sex högskolepoäng.

    Sammantaget konstateras fortsatta förbättringsmöjligheter för Högskolan i Jönköping på strategisk nivå, programnivå, kursplanenivå och undervisningsnivå. Skillnader mellan bolagen, programmen och kurserna kan utnyttjas som en tillgång i förbättringsarbetet. En framgångsfaktor verkar vara att som JTH ha med hållbar utveckling i strategidokument med tydliga mål på omfattning samt att kursplaner innehåller moment som förklarar hur hållbar utveckling avhandlas. Vi rekommenderar också att tydliga mål sätts upp på varje fackhögskola och att lärare ges tid och resurser att ta del av de verktygslådor för hållbar utveckling som finns (en lista på sådana finns i rapporten). Ytterligare förslag på hur implementering kan stimuleras ges också, så som skapande av nätverk, införlivande av ämnet i högskolepedagogiska kurser samt högskolegemensamma temadagar för studenter.

  • 2.
    Ramirez-Pasillas, Marcela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Almers, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Stagell, Ulrica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Education for sustainability: Transformative processes, actions and systemic change in a Swedish university2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the development of education for sustainability places attention to transformative processes and systemic changes at the university. Literature mainly studies processes to develop courses, programs and management systems but seldom investigates transformative processes and actions triggering organizational change. The objective of this paper is to identify key actions and transformative processes embodying an education for sustainability and to explore the systemic change outcomes, using the perspective of social learning. We relied on a participatory research method for the exploratory case study in a Swedish university. Our findings showed multiple key actions that resulted in five transformational processes. Together these transformative processes resulted in three systemic changes: organizational changes in sustainability perceptions, organizational changes in the working structures and educational curricula, and individual changes in perceptions and engagement on sustainability. A novel finding was that networking cross disciplinary facilitated double loop refection and worked as catalyst for other transformational processes. The result indicates that development of education for sustainability is facilitated by a combination of multiple transformative processes taking place with both top-down and bottom-up rationale. These processes generate individual and collective actions. Individual and network champions and top-managers play a key role in developing education for sustainability. In order to foster systemic change at the university, the existence of this complexity is crucial for developing education for sustainability.

  • 3.
    Stagell, Ulrica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Almers, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Askerlund, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Action Competence - a private matter?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on environmental education and education for sustainable development is an expanding field in educational research in Europe, as well as worldwide. With EERA celebrating 20 year, and the Decade for Education on Sustainable Development (DESD) in its final year, it is possible to make a halt for discussions of the present with perspectives of both the past and the future. Based on empirical findings on Eco-School teachers’ and instructors’ views on the appropriateness of including different sustainability-promoting actions in their teaching practices, this paper will discuss actions in relation to the Action Competence perspective, and tensions that manifests in educational settings between educational ideals of socialisation and educational ideas of liberal autonomy (Bildung), as well as, what is seen as private matter and what it is seen as part of the educational commission.

    From the perspective of Action Competence, and the educational ideal of Bildung, it has been claimed, as one of the dominating standpoints in the academic ESD-debate concerning the purpose of sustainability-promoting actions in education, that the actions are there, not to solve the unsustainability problems in the world, but to educate the students. The importance in ESD of learning critical decision taking in choices of actions as a citizen in a democratic society, nationally and globally has been stressed. The study is based on the premise that the inclusion of actions in teaching practices depends on teachers’ choices of lecturing, which to some degree is in turn dependent on their experience during teacher training, and explores Eco-School teachers’ and instructors’ views on the appropriateness of including different sustainability-promoting actions in teaching. As the importance of action for sustainability is highlighted in the Eco-Schools’ curricula, there are incitements for teachers at Eco-Schools to consider the inclusion of different sustainability-promoting actions in their teaching, either in terms of information and discussions about possible actions or in terms of student participation in actions.

    However, critique has been raised from the perspective of the need for education not to neglect the urgency of solving sustainability issues. Also, the Action Competence perspective, although based on a Bildung perspective, has been criticised for being just another form of socialisation. In addition to this, the liberal ideal of autonomy has been questioned.

    This paper will discuss how Eco-School teachers and instructors relate to different forms of actions, indirect/direct and individual/collective, that may take part in the private or the public sphere and be seen as personal or political. In relation to this, the Action Competence perspective will be discussed in perspectives of the present, past and future and the tensions that manifests in educational settings between educational ideals of socialisation and educational ideals of liberal autonomy (Bildung), as well as, what is seen as private matter and what it is seen as part of the educational commission.

    Method

    Interviews with 24 Eco-School teachers at a dozen schools in southern Sweden, from pre-school to upper secondary school, and 9 Eco-School instructors employed by the Green Flag organisation at different locations in Sweden, were conducted based on a semi-structured interview protocol. Informants were asked to grade from 1-6 the appropriateness of 16 different sustainability-promoting actions to include in their teaching practices. The actions were chosen to grasp a diversity in types of actions, as well as motives for preferences for specific actions in teaching. More than 20 hours of interviews were transcribed verbatim, and were analysed with a mixed method approach including both quantitative and qualitative analyses. Mathematical and statistical analyses were made in Excel and SPSS for the groups of teachers and instructors respectively, and as a comparison between the two groups. A qualitative content analysis was made (in Nvivo) on the informants reasoning when justifying their ratings of each of the sustainability-promoting actions from the question: ‘What do the teachers refer to when they justify their positions?

    Expected Outcomes

    Preliminary results show that different direct actions, and actions which take place in the private sphere were viewed by Eco-School teachers and instructors as the most appropriate actions to include in teaching practices. However, actions related to individuals as consumers were seen by teachers as less appropriate than by the instructors, and have consequently been included less in teaching practices. The actions that were deemed least appropriate by both groups were two indirect actions occurring in the public sphere and aiming at solutions on a structural level, engaging with political parties and engaging with NGOs. They did not seem to have a repertoire of teaching approaches that would allow them to work with issues where social norms diverge strongly. This paper will discuss how Eco-School teachers and instructors relate to different forms of actions, indirect/direct and individual/collective, that may take part in the private or the public sphere and be seen as personal or political. In relation to this, the Action Competence perspective will be discussed in perspectives of the present, past and future and the tensions that manifests in educational settings between educational ideals of socialisation and educational ideas of liberal autonomy (Bildung), as well as, what is seen as private matter and what it is seen as part of the educational commission.

  • 4.
    Stagell, Ulrica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Almers, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Askerlund, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    ESD and citizenship in the private and public sphere: Eco-School teachers' and instructors' views on actions as teaching content in ESD2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries, although different, have strong traditions of democratic education as collective solutions of the upbringing of individual citizens. ESD as a multinational response to problems of global concerns which aim at educating citizens capable of facing challenges of today and tomorrow, embody a tension between education as fostering into common values and education as liberation. The Action competence perspective manifest this tension in the division of different acting as behaviours or actions. With the premise that actions are an essential part of ESD aiming at developing students' action competence, this study seeks to explore actions as teaching content in ESD and examines Swedish Eco-School teachers' and instructors' views on the appropriateness of including different sustainability-promoting actions in their teaching practices. The position of teachers and instructors as potential obstacles for the inclusion of different action alternatives for sustainability in education, makes it relevant to ask questions about their views on including different actions in teaching practice.

    Different views were explored in interviews with 24 Eco-school teachers and 9 instructors, in which they were asked to clarify their positions on the appropriateness of including different sustainability-promoting actions in their teaching practices. The reasoning were analysed qualitatively in a content analysis. Preliminary results show differences in teachers' and instructors' views. Where teachers tended to explain potentially controversial direct actions in the private sphere as inappropriate with references to the question of privacy of students and parents, instructors tended to view the same actions as starting-points for desired discussions in the educational situation. Also, instructors to a higher degree motivated the appropriateness by the different actions' importance for sustainability.

    The discussion concerns teaching that addresses the individual's moral responsibility in the private sphere at the same time different action strategies for the democratic change of social structures tend to be excluded.

  • 5.
    Stagell, Ulrica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Almers, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Askerlund, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Apelqvist, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    What Kind of Actions are Appropriate? Eco-School Teachers' and Instructors' Ranking of Sustainability-Promoting Actions as Content in Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)2014In: International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education, ISSN 2146-0329, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 97-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the consideration that learning about different action alternatives and strategies are essential parts of ESD, this quantitative study focuses Eco-School teachers’ and instructors’ views on including different sustainability-promoting actions in teaching practices. Direct actions, and actions that take place in the private sphere were viewed by both groups as the most appropriate actions to include in teaching practices. However, actions related to individuals as consumers were seen as less appropriate by teachers than by instructors, and consequently have been less included in teaching practices. The actions considered least appropriate by both groups were two indirect actions occurring in the public sphere aiming at solutions on a structural level, engaging with political parties and engaging with NGOs. The results highlight teaching that addresses the individual’s moral responsibility in the private sphere, and that different action strategies for the democratic change of social structures tend to be excluded.

1 - 5 of 5
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