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  • 1.
    Ahldén, Maria KC
    et al.
    Oslo University Hospital.
    Rönning, Helén
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Facing the unexpected - A content analysis of how dyads face the challenges of postoperative heart failure2014In: Clinical Nursing Studies, ISSN 2324-7940, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 74-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the challenges, strategies and needs of dyads who are dealing with postoperative heart failure.

    Background: An increasing number of patients with postoperative heart failure are living with their partner as primary caregiver. Heart failure is known to reduce quality of life but little is known about the strategies dyads use to cope with postoperative heart failure or what kind of support they need.

    Methods: Data were collected through semi-structured dialogue guides. Content analysis was performed to derive the main themes and categories of the data.

    Results: Three main themes were derived from the data; Everyday challenges, Strategies to deal with everyday challenges and Factors facilitating everyday life.

    Conclusions: Dyads living with postoperative heart failure find the change in everyday life challenging, but have strategies to handle the situation and know what kind of help they need. With the right help from health care, quality of life and self-care can be improved.

  • 2.
    Ekblad, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Malm, Dan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Conlon, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Rönning, Helén
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    The well-being of relatives of patients with atrial fibrillation: a critical incident technique analysis2014In: Open Nursing Journal, ISSN 1874-4346, E-ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 8, p. 48-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The well-being of relatives of patients having chronic heart diseases (CHD) has been found to be negatively affected by the patient's condition. Studies examining relatives of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) indicate that their well-being may be affected in a similar manner, but further research is needed.

    AIM: To explore and describe critical incidents in which relatives of patients experience how AF affects their well-being and what actions they take to handle these situations.

    DESIGN AND METHOD: An explorative, descriptive design based on the critical incident technique (CIT) was used. Interviews were conducted with 19 relatives (14 women and five men) of patients hospitalised in southern Sweden due to acute symptoms of the AF.

    RESULTS: The well-being of relatives was found to be affected by their worries (patient-related health), as well as the sacri-ficing of their own needs (self-related health). In handling their own well-being, these relatives adjusted to and supported the patient (practical involvement), along with adjusting their own feelings and responding to the mood of the patients (emotional involvement).

    CONCLUSION: The well-being of relatives of patients with AF was affected depending on the patients' well-being. In their attempt to handle their own well-being, the relatives adjusted to and supported the patients. Further research is needed in order to evaluate the effects of support to relatives and patients respectively and together.

  • 3.
    Ekblad, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Rönning, Helen
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Malm, Dan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Patients' well-being: experience and actions in their preventing and handling of atrial fibrillation2013In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 132-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) influences the lives of patients in the form of worsened well-being. Patients’ own experience of and how to handle AF is rarely investigated. These are important aspects for healthcare services to understand in order to support the well-being of patients with AF.

    Aim: To explore and describe critical incidents in which patients experience how AF affects their well-being and what actions they take to prevent and handle it.

    Design and methods: An explorative, descriptive design based on the critical incident technique (CIT) was used. Interviews were conducted with 25 patients (16 men and 9 women) with AF in a healthcare area in southern Sweden.

    Results: Patients experienced discomfort and limitations in daily life. The actions they took were self-care related actions and healthcare related actions.

    Conclusion: AF affects well-being when it is uncomfortable and leads to pronounced limitations in daily life with the patients trying to maintain or restore well-being through adapting and developing strategies for self-care. Patients base the handling of AF on their personal experience.

  • 4.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Social Work, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Rönning, Helén
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Fransson, Eleonor I.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Gunnarsson, Nina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Henricson, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Kjellström, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Sandgren, Anna
    Center for Collaborative Palliative care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    The use of the concept of transition in different disciplines within health and social welfare: An integrative literature review2019In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 664-675Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    To continuing the quest of the concept of transition in nursing research and to explore how the concept of transition is used in occupational therapy, oral health and social work as well as in interdisciplinary studies in health and welfare, between 2003–2013.

    Design

    An integrative literature review.

    Methods

    PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, DOSS, SocIndex, Social Science Citation Index and AMED databases from 2003–2013 were used. Identification of 350 articles including the concept of transition in relation to disciplines included. Assessment of articles are in accordance to Meleis' typologies of transition by experts in each discipline. Chosen key factors were entered into Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).

    Results

    Meleis' four typologies were found in all studied disciplines, except development in oral health. The health‐illness type was the most commonly explored, whereas in social work and in occupation therapy, situational transitions dominated.

  • 5.
    Rönning, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nielsen, Niels Erik
    Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden .
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Thilen, Ulf
    Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Swahn, Eva
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Development and evaluation of a computer-based educational program for adults with congenitally malformed hearts2013In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 78-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There is a lack of educational material for adults with congenitally malformed hearts. Computer-based education has shown to have significant effects on knowledge and management of chronic diseases. AIM: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a computer-based educational program for adults with congenitally malformed hearts. METHODS: The program was developed by a multidisciplinary team. Data were collected by questionnaires, observations, and structured interviews. RESULTS: The final product was a computer-based educational program consisting of ten separate modules, one for each particular malformation. The program was experienced as stimulating and easy to use. The appearance and quantity of the text was graded as good and the content as relevant and very useful. CONCLUSION: This is the first computer-based program developed for adults with congenitally malformed hearts. The evaluation found the program to have great potential as an important tool for improving care. Further studies are needed to test the outcomes of the program on knowledge, perceived control over the heart condition, anxiety/depression. and health-related quality of life. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The program may be used as a complement to verbal information and every adult with a congenitally malformed hearts can receive individualized information from a personal CD.

  • 6.
    Rönning, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Nielsen, Niels Erik
    Swahn, Eva
    Strömberg, Anna
    Description and initial evaluation of an educational and psychosocial support model for adults with congenitally malformed hearts2011In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 83, no 2, p. 247-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Various programmes for adults with congenitally malformed hearts have been developed, but detailed descriptions of content, rationale and goals are often missing. The aim of this study was to describe and make an initial evaluation of a follow-up model for adults with congenitally malformed hearts, focusing on education and psychosocial support by a multidisciplinary team (EPS).

    Methods: The model is described in steps and evaluated with regards to perceptions of knowledge, anxiety and satisfaction.

    Results: The EPS model included a policlinic visit to the physician/nurse (medical consultation, computer-based and individual education face-to-face as well as psychosocial support) and a 1-month telephone follow-up. Fifty-five adults (mean age 34, 29 women) with the nine most common forms of congenitally malformed hearts participated in the EPS model as well as the 3-months follow-up. Knowledge about congenital heart malformation had increased in 40% of the participants at the 3-months follow-up.

    Conclusion: This study describes and evaluates a model that combines a multidisciplinary approach and computer-based education for follow-up of adults with congenitally malformed hearts. The EPS model was found to increase self-estimated knowledge, but further evaluations need to be conducted to prove patient-centred outcomes over time.

    Practice implications: The model is now ready to be implemented in adults with congenitally malformed hearts.

  • 7.
    Rönning, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Nielsen, Niels Erik
    Swahn, Eva
    Strömberg, Anna
    Educational needs in adults with congenitally malformed hearts2008In: Cardiology in the Young, ISSN 1047-9511, E-ISSN 1467-1107, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 473-479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aim: The number of adults with congenitally malformed hearts is growing, and there is an increasing demand for their continuous follow-up. At present, different programmes have been established for adults with congenital cardiac disease, but there is a lack of knowledge regarding how education and psychosocial support should be given to achieve effects. Before developing educational programmes, it is necessary to be aware of the perspective of the patients. The aim of our study, therefore, was to describe how adults with congenitally malformed hearts experience their educational needs.

    Methods: The study had a qualitative design. We interviewed 16 adults, aged from 19 to 55 years, with congenitally malformed hearts.

    Results: Two-way communication emerged as crucial to individualising education. Without good communication, those with congenitally malformed hearts, receiving information from providers of healthcare, are unable to transfer the information received. Thus, individualised education gives access to knowledge and the tools required to manage important areas in life, such as the congenital cardiac malformation, physical activity, the situation of life, treatment, and resources available for healthcare. The information given should provide easy access to knowledge through proper educational materials and methods, and be given with respect for the individual. This is facilitated if the education is tailored to the requirements of the individual in a holistic approach, and is provided through good communication.

    Conclusion: Our investigation shows that a structured educational programme needs to start from the perspective of the individual patient, and that two-way communication needs to be taken into consideration to enhance knowledge.

  • 8.
    Rönning, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Nielsen, Niels-Erik
    Department of Cardiology, County Council of Östergötland , Sweden.
    Swahn, Eva
    Department of Cardiology, County Council of Östergötland , Sweden and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science, Linköping University, Sweden and Department of Cardiology, County Council of Östergötland, Sweden.
    Evaluation of a model focusing on computer-based and individualized care by face-to-face psycho-education for adults with congenitally malformed hearts: a randomized controlled trial2014In: Experimental & Clinical Cardiology, Vol. 20, no 9, p. 5349-5369Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Evaluate the effects of a psycho-educational model for follow-up in adults with congenitally malformed hearts.

    Methods: The study had a randomized controlled design. Usual care was compared with computer-based and individualized care by face-to-face psycho-education by a multidisciplinary team. Knowledge and perceived control regarding the heart condition, symptoms of anxiety and depression was analysed at baseline, 3 and 12-months.

    Results: The 114 participants (control group n=58, intervention group n=56) had an average age of 34 years, SD 13.5. The intervention group had significantly higher general knowledge after 3 (effect size (ES) 0.63, p= <0.01), and 12-months (ES 0.53, p= 0.02). Knowledge regarding endocarditis was significantly increased at 3 (ES 1.43, p=<0.001), and 12-months (ES 0.58, p= 0.02) compared to baseline. There were no changes in knowledge regarding medical treatment, contraceptives and pregnancy, perceived control or anxiety and depression in any of the groups.

    Conclusion: The model for follow-up was effective to improve and maintain knowledge about self-management.

    Practice implication: Future evaluation of how the improved knowledge will affect health behaviours over-time is needed. Clinical Trials NCT01234753

  • 9.
    Rönning, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Erik Nielsen, Niels
    Department of Cardiology, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden.
    Swahn, Eva
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiology, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Knowledge Scale for Adults With Congenitally Malformed Hearts2013In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 228-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVE:: Adults with congenitally malformed hearts have knowledge gaps regarding their heart condition, and their level of knowledge is not routinely assessed during follow-up. One reason for this is that there are few validated, user-friendly questionnaires to assess knowledge about congenital heart disease and its effects on daily life. Failure to identify low levels of knowledge could lead to less motivated and insecure individuals not actively involved in treatment and care of their heart condition. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop and test a knowledge scale for adults with congenitally malformed hearts. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS:: The development and psychometric evaluation of the Knowledge Scale for Adults With Congenitally Malformed Hearts (KnoCoMH) followed 2 phases: (1) development and evaluation of the initial version, with face validity and content validity assessed by experts and adults with congenitally malformed hearts, and (2) evaluation and refinement of the KnoCoMH in adults with congenitally malformed hearts, including item difficulty level, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. RESULTS:: The development and evaluation of a knowledge scale for adults with congenitally malformed hearts resulted in the KnoCoMH including 46 items in 4 domains: General Knowledge, with a Kuder-Richardson formula 20 (KR-20) value of 0.68; Medical Treatment, with a KR-20 value of 0.74; Endocarditis Prophylaxis, with a KR-20 value of 0.90; and Contraceptives and Pregnancy, with a KR-20 value of 0.65. Test-retest evaluation showed significant correlations between 0.50 and 0.67 (P < .01) in all 4 domains. There was good variation in item difficulty, with a mean value of 0.56 in General Knowledge, 0.62 in Medical Treatment, 0.33 in Endocarditis Prophylaxis, and 0.48 in Contraceptives and Pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS:: The KnoCoMH has acceptable psychometric properties for most of the knowledge domains included. It can be used for evaluating knowledge among adults with congenitally malformed hearts and its associations with other outcomes. However, further studies are advisable to test construct validity, predictive validity, and responsiveness.

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