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  • 1.
    Gimbler Berglund, Ingalill
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Huus, Karina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Møller Christensen, Berit
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Faresjö, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health.
    How do we care for children with Autism Spektrum Disorder when coming for a procedure requiring anesthesia?2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Karies och kariesassocierade faktorer bland svenska 15-åringar med invandrarbakgrund2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of caries and caries associated variables in 15-year-olds with a foreign background in relation to Swedish 15-year-olds and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in immigrant adolescents according to their length of residence in Sweden. Methods: All 15-year-old adolescents (n=143) at one public school in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, were asked to participate in the study. The adolescents were divided into two groups according to their background: immigrants and non-immigrants. The final study cohort comprised 117 adolescents: 51 immigrants and 66 non-immigrants. All participants were interviewed individually in a structed interview on background data, diet, oral hygiene habits and fluor exposure. Data on caries prevalence were extracted from the dental records of the examination made when the participants were 15 years old. Results: Immigrant adolescents had significantly more surfaces affected by enamel and dentine caries than non-immigrants, but the proportions of immigrants and non-immigrants who had symptoms of enamel or dentine caries were equal. Adolescents born in Sweden of immigrant parents or who had arrived before 1 year of age had caries prevalence similar to those of non-immigrant adolescents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after seven years of age had a caries prevalence that was 2–3 times higher. Among immigrant adolescents, compared with non-immigrants, a lower proportion ate breakfast regularly and had a higher intake of snack products, and sucrose intake was positively correlated with caries prevalence among immigrants. There were no statistically significant differences in toothbrushing or flossing frequency or use of fluorides between immigrants and non-immigrants, but immigrant adolescents who brushed their teeth only once a day had more than twice as many proximal surfaces affected by caries as immigrants who brushed twice a day. Conclusion: Caries prevalence is higher in immigrant than in Swedish adolescents, especially in adolescents who immigrated to Sweden. After seven years of age. As caries was mainly restricted to the enamel. Immigrant adolescents had on average more caries associated factors than non-immigrants.

  • 3.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Karies och Kariesassocierade faktorer hos 15-åringar med respektive utan invandrarbakgrund2004In: Nationell tandhygienistkonferens, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of caries and caries associated variables in 15-year-olds with a foreign background in relation to Swedish 15-year-olds and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in immigrant adolescents according to their length of residence in Sweden. Methods: All 15-year-old adolescents (n=143) at one public school in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, were asked to participate in the study. The adolescents were divided into two groups according to their background: immigrants and non-immigrants. The final study cohort comprised 117 adolescents: 51 immigrants and 66 non-immigrants. All participants were interviewed individually in a structed interview on background data, diet, oral hygiene habits and fluor exposure. Data on caries prevalence were extracted from the dental records of the examination made when the participants were 15 years old. Results: Immigrant adolescents had significantly more surfaces affected by enamel and dentine caries than non-immigrants, but the proportions of immigrants and non-immigrants who had symptoms of enamel or dentine caries were equal. Adolescents born in Sweden of immigrant parents or who had arrived before 1 year of age had caries prevalence similar to those of non-immigrant adolescents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after seven years of age had a caries prevalence that was 2–3 times higher. Among immigrant adolescents, compared with non-immigrants, a lower proportion ate breakfast regularly and had a higher intake of snack products, and sucrose intake was positively correlated with caries prevalence among immigrants. There were no statistically significant differences in toothbrushing or flossing frequency or use of fluorides between immigrants and non-immigrants, but immigrant adolescents who brushed their teeth only once a day had more than twice as many proximal surfaces affected by caries as immigrants who brushed twice a day. Conclusion: Caries prevalence is higher in immigrant than in Swedish adolescents, especially in adolescents who immigrated to Sweden. After seven years of age. As caries was mainly restricted to the enamel. Immigrant adolescents had on average more caries associated factors than non-immigrants.

  • 4.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    On Oral Health in Young Individuals with a Focus on Sweden and Vietnam: A Cultural Perspective2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The overall aim of this thesis was to study culture as an oral health determinant for dental caries and gingivitis in children living in Jönköping, Sweden, in relation to children living in Da Nang, Vietnam.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with clinical examinations and questionnaires were performed in Jönköping, Sweden, with a random sample of 130 children from each of four age groups; 3, 5, 10 and 15 years. The final study sample comprised 739 children, 154 (21%) with two foreign-born parents and 585 (79%) with two Swedish-born parents (Paper I). In 2000, all 15-year-olds (n=143) at one school in Jönköping, Sweden, were asked to participate in a questionnaire study connected to clinical data. The final sample comprised 117 individuals, 51 (44%) with foreign-born parents and 66 (56%) with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In 2008, a cross-sectional study with clinical examinations and questionnaires was performed in Da Nang, Vietnam with 840 randomly selected children, 210 in each of four age groups; 3, 5, 10 and 15 years. The final sample comprised 745 individuals (Papers III and IV).

    RESULTS: In 2003, the mean number of decayed (initial and manifest) and filled tooth surfaces was significantly higher in all age groups in children with foreign-born parents compared with children with Swedish-born parents. The gap between children with foreign-born parents and Swedish-born parents increased over the ten-year period from 1993 to 2003. The odds ratio of dental caries development among 10- and 15-year-old children with foreign-born-parents was more than six times higher than for their counterparts with Swedish-born parents (Paper I). Fifteen-year-olds born in Sweden of foreignborn parents and those who had immigrated before one year of age had a caries prevalence similar to 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents, whereas the caries prevalence in children who had immigrated to Sweden after 7 years of age was 2-3 times higher (Paper II). Among the 3- and 5-year-olds in Vietnam, 98% suffered from dental caries, compared with 91% of 10- and 15-year-olds (Paper IV). The distribution of the most frequent values of decayed and filled primary tooth surfaces (dfs) in 5-year-olds was 16–20, and of decayed and filled permanent tooth surfaces (DFS) in 15-year-olds was 1–5. The maximum dfs was 76–80, and significant numbers of children had dfs between 20 and 50. The percentage of tooth sites with plaque and gingivitis was higher for children in all age groups with foreign-born parents compared with children with Swedish-born parents, except among the 15-year-olds in 2003. In Vietnam, the prevalence of plaque and gingivitis was high in all age groups, especially in 10- and 15-year-olds. Fifteen-yearolds in Sweden with foreign-born parents had a higher intake of snack products between principal meals compared with 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In Sweden, most children in all age groups brushed their teeth themselves or with help from their parents twice or more than twice a day (Paper I). Among 3- and 5-year-olds in Vietnam, about half of the parents reported that their children brushed their teeth themselves or with help from parents twice or more than twice a day (Paper III). All 3-year-olds and 99% of 5-year-olds in Sweden brushed their teeth with fluoride toothpaste (Paper I). Among 15-year-olds in Sweden with foreign-born parents, 88% reported that they brushed their teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day compared with 98% of 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In Vietnam, 44–78% of the children used fluoride toothpaste for toothbrushing and 51% consumed sweets between principal meals at least once a day (Paper III). Sweetened milk was the most common source of this sugar intake for the 3- and 5-year-olds (Paper III).

    CONCLUSIONS: Culture is an important oral health determinant for dental caries and gingivitis in children. There is an urgent need to improve oral health care promotion and preventive programmes for children with foreign-born parents in Sweden, but also a great need for such programmes for children in Vietnam.

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  • 5.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    On oral health in young individuals with foreign and Swedish backgrounds2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, children and adolescents with two foreign-born parents constitute 17% of all children in the Swedish population.

    AIMS: The aims of this thesiswere to collect knowledge of the prevalence of gingivitis, caries and caries associated variables, in the 3-, 5-, 10- and 15-year age groups with two foreign born parents compared with their counterparts with Swedish-born parents in a ten-year perspective (Study I). To investigate the prevalence of caries and caries-associated variables in 15-year-olds in relation to foreign backgrounds and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in adolescents with foreign backgrounds according to their length of residence in Sweden (StudyII).

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups of 3, 5, 10 and 15 years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. The oral health status of all individuals was examined clinically and radiographically. The children or their parents also answered a questionnaire about their attitudes to, and knowledge of, teeth and oral health care habits. The final study sample comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with two foreign-born parents (F cohort) and 585 with two Swedish-born parents (S cohort) (Study I). In Study II, all 15-year-olds(n=143) at one school in the city of Jönköping were asked to participate in the study. The final sample comprised 117 individuals, 51 with foreign-born parents and 66 with Swedish-born parents. All the individuals were interviewed using a structured questionnaire with visualisation e.g. food packages, sweets and snacks. Information about DFS was collected from case records at the Public Dental Service.

    RESULTS: In both 1993 and 2003, more 3- and 5-yearolds in the S cohort were caries free compared with the F cohort. In 1993, dfs was higher among 3- and 5-year-olds in the F cohort (p<0.01) compared with the S cohort. In 2003, dfs/DFS was statistically significantly higher in all age groups among children and adolescents in the F cohort compared with the S cohort. In 2003, the odds ratio of being exposed to dental caries among 10- and 15-year-olds in the F cohort, adjusted for gender and age, was more than six times higher (OR=6.3, 95% CI:2.51-15.61; p<0.001) compared with the S cohort (Study I). Fifteen-year-olds born in Sweden with foreign-born parents, or who had arrived before one year of age, had a caries prevalence similar to that of adolescents with Swedish-born parents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after seven years of age had a caries prevalence that was two to three times higher (p <0.06) (Study II). Both in 1993 and 2003, the mean of the percentage of tooth sites with plaque and gingivitis was numerically higher in all age groups in individuals with foreign backgrounds compared with Swedish background, except between the 15-year-olds (Study I).

    CONCLUSIONS: The decrease in caries prevalence, in a ten-year perspective, was less among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents compared with children and adolescents with Swedish-born parents. In 2003, there was statistically significantly more caries in all age groups among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents compared with children and adolescents with Swedish-born parents. Children who immigrated to Sweden at age seven or later had a two to three times higher caries prevalence compared with their Swedish counterparts. The odds ratio for being exposed to dental caries was almost six times higher for 10- and 15-year olds with foreign-born parents compared with their Swedish counterparts. The intake of carbohydrate-rich food was higher among 15-year olds with foreign backgrounds compared to those with Swedish background. There is an obvious need to improve the promotion of oral health care programmes among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents.

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  • 6.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Research to develop system for oral health among children in Vietnam: a cross sectional study between Sweden and Vietnam (Da Nang)2008In: Making Health care Sustainable and Affordable, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ho, Thanh Thi
    Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Chuong, Hoang Ngoc
    Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care, and dietary habits2015In: Journal of Public Health Dentistry, ISSN 0022-4006, E-ISSN 1752-7325, Vol. 75, no 4, p. 308-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    This study's aim was to present data on the sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care, and dietary habits among children aged 3, 5, 10, and 15 years in Da Nang, Vietnam.

    Methods

    A cross-sectional epidemiological questionnaire study was conducted in a population of 840 children randomly selected by their year and month of birth (January to July), including 210 individuals in each age group. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by the parents of 3- and 5-year-olds, and a modified questionnaire was given to 10- and 15-year-olds to complete by themselves.

    Results

    Mass media constituted the main source of oral healthcare information. Parents assisted with tooth brushing in 86 percent of 3-year-olds and 71 percent of 5-year-olds. Fluoride toothpaste was used by 44-78 percent of children, with no clear age-related trend. Within the past year, 60 percent of 3- and 5-year-olds, 20 percent of 10-year-olds, and 49 percent of 15-year-olds reported they had not visited a dental professional. Sweets were consumed between principal meals by 70-80 percent of children. Milk with sugar was regularly consumed by 71 percent of 3-year-olds and 91 percent of 5-year-olds.

    Conclusions

    Children showed frequent sugar consumption and insufficient frequency of brushing their teeth with fluoride toothpaste. Food-based dietary guidelines should play a significant role in nutrition and oral health. It is especially important that oral health prevention programs reach preschool children before they establish unhealthy dietary habits. Parental education about oral health and access to oral healthcare services are also needed to improve children's oral health.

  • 8.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ho Thi, T
    Hoang Ngoc, C
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral Health of Children in Da Nang, Vietnam: Dental caries, caries associated factors and gingivitisManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ho Thi, T
    Hoang Ngoc, C
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral Health of Children in Da Nang, Vietnam: Sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care and dietary habitsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Ho Thi, Thanh
    National Technical College of Medicine No II.
    Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour about dental diseases and dental care habits in adolescents in Jönköping, Sweden and in Da Nang, Vietnam2008In: Knowledge, attitude and behaviour in oral health care among 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and DaNang, Vietnam, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article was to present data about oral hygiene and knowledge about dental diseases and dental care habits in 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and 10-11 year-olds in Da Nang, Vietnam in 2003. Methods A random sample of 206 individuals 10 and 15 year olds, from the City of Jönköping and 369 individuals from the City of Da Nang, were asked about their attitudes towards and knowledge of teeth and dental care habits. Results In Jönköping 9% answered that gingivitis is the same as inflammation of the gum. In Da Nang study 40% knew about early sign of gingivitis (easily gum bleeding).  67% in Jönköping answered that bacteria and sugar cause the acid that gives caries. In Da Nang 47% could answer correctly the cause of dental caries. The percentage of children who brush their teeth twice a day was the same, around 80 %, in both studies. In Jönköping 100% of the children used fluoride toothpaste. In Da Nang 73 % always used Fluoride toothpaste and 14 % did not know if the toothpaste they used contained Fluoride or not.

  • 11.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Koch, Göran
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral health and coherent determinants in children and adolescents with foreign background compared to Swedish youth2010In: Oral health - new concepts for the new millenium: Glasgow 1/3 July 2010 / [ed] Marjolijn Hovius, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children and adolescents with foreign background compared to children with Swedish background. Methods: In 1993 and 2003 cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3-,5-,10- and 15-years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. All individuals were personally invited to a clinical and radiographic examination of oral health status. They were also asked about their attitudes and knowledge about teeth and oral health care habits. The final study cohort comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with Foreign background (F-cohort) and 585 with Swedish background (S-cohort). Results: Both in 1993 and 2003 more 3- and 5-year-olds in the S-cohort were caries-free compared to the F-cohort. In 1993 dfs/DFS was higher among 3- and 5-year-olds in the F-cohort (p=0.01). In 2003 dfs/DFS was significantly higher in all age groups in the F-cohort compared to the S-cohort. The cumulative percentage of proximal caries-free, initial and manifest lesions and restorations among 10-year-olds in the F-cohort were in 1993 55%, 23%, 4% and 18%. The corresponding figures for the S-cohort were 69%, 20%, 6% and 5%, respectively. In 2003 figures in the F-cohort were 54%, 29%, 4% and 13% compared to 82%, 12%, 1% and 5% in the S-cohort (p=0.037). Among males with foreign background and lived in families with low education, the odds was four times higher (OR=4.0 +95%CI; 2.2-7.2) to be exposed to dental caries, then among their Swedish counterparts. Conclusions: There had been a decline in caries prevalence between 1993 and 2003 in all age-groups except among the 3-year-olds. However the improvement of dfs/DFS was stronger in the S-cohort in all age-groups and the gap between the F- and S-cohorts was considerable larger in 2003 compared to 10 years earlier.

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  • 12.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Koch, Göran
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral Health in young individuals with foreign and Swedish backgrounds - a ten-year perspective2011In: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, ISSN 1818-6300, E-ISSN 1996-9805, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 151-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:

    To investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children with foreign backgrounds compared with children with a Swedish background, during a ten year period.

    DESIGN AND METHODS:

    In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3, 5, 10 and 15 years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. All the individuals were personally invited to a clinical and radiographic examination of their oral health status. They were also asked about their attitudes to and knowledge of teeth and oral health care habits. The final study sample comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with a foreign background (F cohort) and 585 with a Swedish background (S cohort).

    RESULTS:

    In both 1993 and 2003, more 3- and 5 year olds in the S cohort were caries-free compared with the F cohort. In 1993, dfs was higher among 3- and 5 year olds in the F cohort (p<0.01) compared with the S cohort. In 2003, dfs/DFS was statistically significantly higher in all age groups among children and adolescents in the F cohort compared with the S cohort. When it came to proximal tooth surfaces, the percentages of individuals who were caries-free, with initial carious lesions, with manifest carious lesions and with restorations among 10-year-olds in the F cohort were 55%, 23%, 4% and 18% in 1993. The corresponding figures for the S cohort were 69%, 20%, 6% and 5% respectively. In 2003, the values for the F cohort were 54%, 29%, 4% and 13% compared with 82%, 12%, 1% and 5% in the S cohort. In 2003, the odds of being exposed to dental caries among 10- and 15-yearolds in the F cohort, adjusted for gender and age, were more than six times higher (OR=6.3, 95% CI:2.51-15.61; p<0.001) compared with the S cohort.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    There has been a decline in caries prevalence between 1993 and 2003 in all age groups apart from 3-year-olds. However, the improvement in dfs/DFS was greater in the S cohort compared with the F cohort in all age groups. The difference between the F and S cohorts in terms of dfs/ DFS was larger in 2003 compared with 10 years earlier. In 2003, the odds ratio for being exposed to dental caries was almost six times higher for 10- and 15-year-olds with two foreign-born parents compared with their Swedish counterparts.

  • 13.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Thanh, Ho Thi
    Dental Department, Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Chuong, Hoang Ngoc
    Dental Department, Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oral health of children and adolescents in Da Nang2014In: Oral Hygiene & Health, ISSN 2332-0672, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study comprising 840 randomly selected children in the age groups of 3, 5, 10 and 15 year-olds. All children were clinically examined for number of teeth, dental caries, dental fillings, plaque, gingivitis and probing pocket depth. Dental care and dietary habits were collected using a self-reported questionnaire. Among 3 and 5 year olds, 98% suffered from dental caries, compared to 91% of 10 and 15 year olds. The mean (SD) of decayed (initial and manifest) and filled tooth surfaces (dfs/DFS) in the different age groups was: 18.2 (14.1), 23.0 (15.4), 5.1 (4.2) and 6.9 (6.0), respectively. There was an average of ~ 30% in all age groups with plaque and gingivitis. Consuming milk with sugar more than 2–3 times a week (3 and 5 year olds) and eating sweets between principal meals twice a day (in 10 and 15 year olds) were statistically significant with caries prevalence. It is concluded that dental caries and gingivitis are significant public health problems among children in Da Nang, Vietnam.

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  • 14.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Viczko, Lynne
    Camosun College, Victoria B.C. Canada.
    Gilliland, Margo
    Camosun College, Victoria B.C. Canada.
    Schaefer, Melissa
    Camosun College, Victoria B.C. Canada.
    The Swedish-Canadian Connection1998In: The Dental Hygienist: A Needed Reality, 1998Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Styudents and faculty from two dental hygiene schools know that international dental hygiene is high-tech, education-and fun. In the fall of 1996, at the invitation of the Hälsohögskolan-Jönköping University, College of Health Sciences in Sweden, their dental hygiene department and that of Camosun College in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, jointly organized an ongoing e-mail exchange program between second year students. Students are assigned topics to research and then, with their international partner, are asked to share and discuss information on their findings. A six weekfaculty exchange took place in the fall of 1997 with each sharing their dental hygiene expertise. Both joint ventures have been very successful in promoting the use of high technology in education and fostering international dental hygiene learning and goodwill.

  • 15.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Johansson, Ingegerd
    Dental caries and caries associated factors in Swedish 15-year-olds in relation to immigrant background.2005In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 71-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of caries and caries associated variables in 15-year-olds in relation to foreign background and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in immigrant adolescents according to their length of residence in Sweden. All 15-year-old adolescents (n=143) at one public school in the city of Jönköping, Sweden were asked to participate in the study. The adolescents were divided into two groups according to their background: immigrants and non-immigrants. Data on caries prevalence were extracted from the dental records of the examination made when the participants were 15 years old. The proportions of immigrants and non-immigrants free from carious lesions were equal. Immigrant adolescents, however, had on average more enamel carious lesions. Adolescents born in Sweden of immigrant parents or who had arrived before 1 year of age had a caries prevalence similar to those of non-immigrant adolescents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after 7 years of age had a caries prevalence that was 2-3 times higher. As the caries carious lesions in immigrant adolescents is mainly restricted to the enamel, and possibly reversible, early introduction of preventive programmes seems essential.

  • 16.
    Lindmark, Lindmark
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Larsson, Anna-Britta
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Högskolan Dalarna.
    Müller, Görel
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Högskolan Dalarna.
    Andersson, Pia
    Tandhgienistprogrammet, Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Mårtensson, Carina
    Tandhgienistprogrammet, Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Olsson, Margaretha
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Karlstad universitet.
    Rolandsson, Margot
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Karlstad universitet.
    Sundberg, Nina
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Karlstad universitet.
    Klinisk slutexamination i tandhygienistprogrammet vid fyra lärosäten2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The registered dental hygienist has a key role in promotion and prevention within Swedish dental care. Working as a dental hygienist requires an ability to work independently and make well-grounded decisions in order to give good and sure care. The aim of the project was to develop, test and evaluate a model for clinical final examinations based on the requirements for working as a registered dental hygienist. The project resulted in a model consisting of a theoretical and a clinical examination. The theoretical part consists of a fictitious patient case while the clinical part comprises a realistic patient situation in which the student takes charge of a patient and gives treatment. The strength of the new model lies in the fact that all students at different universities and colleges have to take clinical examinations according to the same assessment criteria, which ensures good and comparable quality.

  • 17. Stenström, Ulf
    et al.
    Einarson, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Wenander, Asa
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    The importance of psychological factors in the maintenance of oral health: a study of Swedish university students2009In: Oral health & preventive dentistry, ISSN 1602-1622, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 225-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of the traditional multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) scale, a corresponding dental health locus of control (DHLC) scale and dental health values (DHVs) regarding students' dental health before and after a video programme that presented information about dental diseases and instructions on oral hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 217 university students participated in this study. Before the video programme was presented, assessments were made of MHLC, DHLC and DHVs. Plaque and gingival indices were obtained in a clinical examination conducted before (plaque index [PLI] 1 and gingival index [GI] 1) and 10 weeks after (PLI 2 and GI 2) the presentation of the programme. RESULTS: The percentage of tooth surfaces exhibiting plaque and of sites involving gingivitis decreased and was statistically significant between baseline and re-examination for both males and females. The females exhibited statistically significant better PLI 1 and GI 1 values and stronger DHVs than males. Also, better GI 1 values were found to be statistically significant and related to stronger DHVs for females. A stronger trust in the dental health personnel regarding the dental health was related to more gingivitis at the initial examination (GI 1). For males, stronger internal DHLC was related to more plaque at the final examination (PLI 2). CONCLUSION: The only psychological scales that showed some relationship to the measures of dental health were DHLC and DHVs. Gender was the strongest related variable to dental health.

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