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  • 1.
    Backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wallin, Tina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wixe, Sofia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Tillgänglighet, innovationsprocesser och tillväxt2015Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Tavassoli, S.
    Department of Industrial Economics, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    In the quest for economic significance: assessing variable importance through mean value decomposition2014In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 21, no 8, p. 545-549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic significance is frequently assessed through statistical hypothesis testing, which however, does not always correspond to the implicit economical questions being addressed. In this article we propose using mean value decomposition to assess economic significance. Unlike most previously suggested methods the proposed one is intuitive and simple to conduct. The technique is demonstrated and contrasted with hypothesis tests by an empirical example involving the income of Mexican children, which shows that the two inference approaches provide different and supplementary pieces of information.

  • 3.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    In the quest for economic significance: assessing variable importance through mean value decomposition2013Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic significance is frequently assessed through statistical hypothesis testing. This habitual use is, however, usually not matching with the implicit economical questions being addressed. In this paper we propose using mean value decomposition to assess economic significance. Unlike most previously suggested methods the proposed one is intuitive and simple to conduct. The technique is demonstrated and contrasted with hypothesis tests by an empirical example involving the income of Mexican children, which shows that the two inference approaches provide different and supplementary pieces of information.

  • 4.
    Johansson, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Livsmedelsföretagens internationalisering: En förstudie2015Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Johansson, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Norrman, Michaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Matlandet ur ett regionalt perspektiv2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att utifrån nuläget i svenska livsmedelsbranscher studera förutsättningar för utveckling och tillväxt i olika näringsverksamheter som bygger på mat och måltidsupplevelser. I rapporten analyseras hur de regionala specialiseringsmönstren för livsmedelsproduktion, livsmedelsexport, småskalig livsmedelsförädling samt besöksnäring samvarierar. Analysen omfattar också förekomsten av svenska nischprodukter på exportmarknaden samt huruvida exporten av dessa produkter är koncentrerad till ett fåtal platser i landet. Vidare analyseras om det finns några geografiskt betingade samband mellan dessa nischprodukter och besöksnäringen i olika regioner.

    Sambanden mellan olika regionala specialiseringsmönster analyseras utifrån den geografiska samvariationen mellan olika lokaliseringskvoter. Resultaten indikerar ett positivt samband mellan en stark livsmedelssektor i termer av sysselsättning och stark livsmedelsexport. Motsvarande positiva samvariation finns inte mellan koncentration av småskaliga företag inom livsmedelsförädling och en livsmedelsorienterad exportsektor. Detta resultat kan tolkas som att de mindre livsmedelsföretagen inte är lika exportorienterade som större företag, vilket motsvarar resultat från tidigare studier. De småskaliga livsmedelsföretagens lägre lokaliseringskvot i regioner med en utpräglad livsmedelsspecialisering i exportsektorn tyder på att småskalig livsmedelsförädling företrädesvis riktar sig till lokala marknader snarare än utländska marknader. Följaktligen är småskaliga livsmedelsföretag i vissa fall (dock inte alla) överrepresenterade i regioner som ligger nära storstadsregionerna.

    Relationen mellan besöksnätternas lokalisering på hotell, vandrarhem och campingplatser relativt befolkningens lokalisering och livsmedelssektorns orientering mot småskalig livsmedelsförädling visar en svagt negativ samvariation. Detta förhållande visar också på att det sannolikt är så att småskaliga livsmedelsförädlare har en benägenhet att växa fram i områden med goda tillgänglighetsvillkor med avseende på köpkraft. Detta är en förklaring till att sådana företag har förhållandevis hög benägenhet att lokaliseras i eller omkring städer som erbjuder möjligheter till omsättning av produkter med hög kvalitet (och även högt pris). I detta sammanhang vore det intressant att utveckla analysen av besöksnäringen betydelse för att skapa köpkraft i olika regioner utanför storstadsregionerna genom att fokusera på förekomsten av fritidshus, småbåtshamnar mm.

    Sverige har ett antal nischprodukter, där svenska export har en stark ställning på världsmarknaden. Detta gäller exempelvis vodka, ett antal olika typer av fisk och bearbetade fiskprodukter, knäckebröd och några växtbaserade produkter. Exporten av dessa nischprodukter kommer framförallt från Skåne, Västkusten/Bohuslän och Mälardalen/Stockholm. Nischprodukter exporteras också från ett antal platser i inre Götaland samt i några fall från Norrland. Förekomsten av dessa nischprodukter verkar ha en betydande påverkan på regionens specialisering inom både sysselsättning och export. Nischprodukterna verkar emellertid inte ha någon betydande effekt på lokaliseringen av besöksnätter.

  • 6.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Andersson, MartinJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).Norman, ThereseJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Economic Geography2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this Handbook is to provide overviews and assessments of the state-of-the-art regarding research methods, approaches and applications central to economic geography. The chapters are written by distinguished researchers from a variety of scholarly traditions and with a background in different academic disciplines including economics, economic, human and cultural geography, and economic history. The resulting handbook covers a broad spectrum of methodologies and approaches applicable in analyses pertaining to the geography of economic activities and economic outcomes.

  • 7.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology.
    Innovation, Technology and Knowledge2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper outlines a set of fundamental changes in the global economy that have altered the nature of the innovation process, brought about global challenges, and stimulated cross border phenomena and network formation responses. These changes has brought about an increase of the demand for knowledge as well as changed the conditions for knowledge production and innovation. Against the background of a changing global economy, the purpose of the paper is to make an overview over the role and drivers of innovation, technology and knowledge. The role of absorptive capacity and knowledge flows between economic agents from different spatial units for economic growth is further emphasized. Furthermore, it is recognized in the paper that national innovative productivity depends upon the national innovation systems. Multinationals play an increasingly central role for the transfer of knowledge between different parts of the world. This paper thoroughly examines the way multinationals contribute to innovation, technology and knowledge dispersion. The distribution of knowledge investments is uneven across the globe and the occurrence of the “European paradox” highlights where Europe has failed in this context.

  • 8.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Intra-triad Knowledge Flows2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we point out a gap in the EU 2020 strategy to deliver growth that is smart, through more effective investments in education, research and innovation. The gap in the strategy is that in addition to investing in its own R&D, the EU must take advantage of knowledge created in the rest of the world. Even if EU is a major generator of new knowledge and will become even more so when the strategy is implemented, more new knowledge is (and will be) generated outside than inside the EU. New knowledge developed in other parts of the world are not flowing immediately, automatically and without costs to the relevant actors within the EU. It is critical for the EU to develop efficient channels for the imports of knowledge from other parts of the world. We analyze EU’s capacity to absorb knowledge created in the other Triad nations (United States and Japan) through the following channels for international knowledge flows: academic knowledge channels, patents as a knowledge channel, technology trade, strategic R&D cooperation, trade networks, foreign direct investments, and high-skilled migration. The indicators show that there are certain types of knowledge channels that Europe must try to use much more extensively in order to become a leading knowledge economy.

  • 9.
    Klaesson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Accessibility and market potential analysis2015In: Handbook of research methods and applications in economic geography / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson and Therese Norman, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 412-435Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is to overview the advances in the field of measuring and modeling the influence of geographic market potential and accessibility. In general the models are designed to assess the influence on location choices and growth performance. The initial question concerns the relationship between the two concepts ‘market potential’ and ‘accessibility’. Accessibility can be defined as the ability to reach goods, services, activities or destinations. Market potential can be described as the possibility of reaching customers, demand or some other resource. Both concepts have a long tradition in research. The concepts are often used to describe similar or even the same sort of phenomena. Evidently, we have two related concepts that essentially mean the same thing. Examples of this are illustrated by the following statements. ‘The concept of accessibility is not a new one, and has been introduced into regional economics and trade under the form of market potential’ (Behrens and Thisse, 2007, p. 462). The measure is ‘often called a potential accessibility index (sometimes simply called market potential), that measures accessibility’ (Yoshida and Diechmann, 2009, p. 3). In Combes et al. (2008, p. 304), the authors refer to Harris’s concept of market potential as ‘an indicator for the degree of accessibility to market’.

  • 10.
    Klaesson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Market potential and the employment growth of knowledge-intensive services: comparing different geographical resolutions2015In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 157-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to empirically understand the geographical reach of different markets, it is vital to use an appropriate geographical resolution. Using too large observational units risks hiding the interesting relationships within the regional boundaries. In this study, we aim to investigate and compare similar analyses performed on different geographical levels, with a special focus on innovative industries. Accessibility to markets, services and infrastructure is thought to be major determinants of the potential for economic development and welfare of a region. Earlier empirical research establishing the relationship between agglomeration forces and regional growth typically includes a measure for accessibility or market potential as an explanatory factor. The geographical scale that conventional accessibility measures operate on is usually on the level of municipalities or similar, even when theory suggests that a more disaggregated scale is desirable. Most often the reason for this is limitations in available data. In many cases, the researcher is left with a geographical level based on administrative borders. Analyses on more disaggregated levels allow the researcher to better pinpoint the actual accessibility that each firm faces. In order to shed light on the importance of these issues, this paper utilizes an exploratory approach to investigate the relationship between the spatial distribution and growth of knowledge-intensive services (KIS) and the accessibility to economic activity (market potential). We use regional employment growth in KIS as a proxy for regional innovativeness. The relationship is estimated on two different geographical levels using Swedish data. The more conventional model is estimated with the 290 municipalities in Sweden as the units of analysis. In the Swedish context, this represents the geographically smallest administrative level. In the more novel model, we use the 298 so-called SAMS areas of Jönköping County in Sweden. Our results show that the detailed level is particularly important for the analysis of the growth of the more advanced sectors of the economy, in our setting, the high-tech knowledge-intensive services.

  • 11.
    Klaesson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Tillgänglighet och innovationer på fin geografisk nivå: Utveckling av DYNLOK-modellen2014Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    The fate of the middleman in the information age: the role of human capital in the growth of wholesale services in SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I investigate the role that human capital has played in the spatial reorganization of wholesale industries on a granular spatial scale in Sweden between 1990 and 2010. This time period coincides with the rapid advancement of the internet, which is an event that was expected to eradicate the need for wholesaling services. This study provides an empirical examination of why this belief did not materialize and explanations for the uneven spatial distribution of the growth of wholesaling industries in recent decades.

  • 13.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Transport infrastructure and wholesale start-ups in peripheral and central locations in SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper departs from the hypothesis that regions lacking in local demand can compete for start-ups in wholesale trade through promoting their transport infrastructure. Theoretically, the provision of transport infrastructure connecting urban centers with peripheral areas could have both negative and positive effects on firm investment in the peripheral areas, since connectivity also implies competition from the urban core. I argue that the effect on wholesale start-ups, in particular, will be positive, as these firms are attracted to logistically convenient areas outside of the urban center. The logistical convenience of locations is assessed on three dimensions of transport infrastructure – highways, railway terminals, and a ranking of overall logistical convenience. This research underlines the importance of local transport infrastructure, since it, in theory, enables wholesalers to add to urban productivity gains and to the revitalization of more-peripheral areas simultaneously.

  • 14.
    Norman, Therese
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Börjesson, Maria
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Anderstig, Christer
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Labour market accessibility and unemployment2017In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper estimates the relationship between temporal changes in unemployment and changes in labour market accessibility in Sweden. The accessibility measure is derived from the national transport model taking consumer behaviour, all travel modes, and different travel time components into account. The measure is more accurate than those used in previous studies and it is consistent with cost–benefit analyses (CBA). We find a negative relationship, which is more pronounced for low-educated workers, between changes in labour market accessibility and changes in unemployment.

  • 15.
    Norman-Monroe, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Transport accessibility, wholesale trade and spatial development2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis comprises four independent papers, which all explore some aspect of the relationship between accessibility and spatial development. The central question I pose is how improved accessibility to transportation services, human capital, jobs, or the market contributes to the spatial variation in economic development. Empirical data and estimations are utilized in all chapters.

    The first paper (co-authored with Johan Klaesson) explores how a regional accessibility model can be used to analyze the growth of knowledge-intensive industries on a detailed geographical scale compared to a broader definition.

    In the second paper (co-authored with Maria Börjesson and Christer Anderstig), a refined accessibility measure is used to estimate the magnitude of the causal effect of transport system investments on the unemployment rate, and whether the effect differs for people with different levels of education.

    The third paper addresses the role that access to transportation services plays for wholesale start-ups, particularly in regions lacking in local demand.

    The analysis in paper number four covers the same time period as the advancement of the Internet, which greatly reduced transaction costs. The paper examines the importance of access to human capital for the spatial reorganization and growth of wholesale industries during this time period.

  • 16.
    Wallin, Tina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ahlman Dahlquist, Linn
    Fördjupad studie av vissa projektstöd i landsbygdsprogrammet inom diversifiering, mikroföretag och turism, perioden 2007–20102013Report (Other academic)
1 - 16 of 16
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