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  • 1.
    Allen, Ann Marie
    et al.
    INSEAD Humanitarian Research Group.
    Kovács, Gyöngyi
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Masini, Andrea
    Operations Management & Information Technology, HEC Paris.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Van Wassenhove, Luk
    INSEAD Humanitarian Research Group.
    Exploring the link between the humanitarian logistician and training needs2013Ingår i: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, E-ISSN 2042-6755, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 129-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to evaluate job profiles in humanitarian logistics, and assess current task priorities in light of further training and educational needs.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper presents findings from a survey among humanitarian logistics practitioners and compares these to other studies in this area. It uses econometric models to evaluate the impact of managerial responsibilities in training needs, usage of time and previous training.

    Findings – The results show that the skills required in humanitarian logistics seem to follow the T-shaped skills model from Mangan and Christopher when looking at training wanted and time usage.

    Research limitations/implications – Survey respondents being members of the Humanitarian Logistics Association (HLA) may be more interested in developing the humanitarian logistics profession than other populations.

    Originality/value – This paper offers an insight in the specific skill requirements of humanitarian logisticians from members of the HLA and allows to understand which type of skills are linked to managerial responsibilities. The paper also establishes a link between logistics skill models and career progressions overall.

  • 2.
    Kovács, Gyöngyi
    et al.
    Hanken School of Economics, Supply Chain Management and Social Responsibility, Helsinki, Finland.
    Meriläinen, Eija
    Hanken School of Economics, Supply Chain Management and Social Responsibility, Helsinki, Finland.
    Spens, Karen
    Hanken School of Economics, Supply Chain Management and Social Responsibility, Helsinki, Finland.
    Storsjö, Isabell
    Hanken School of Economics, Supply Chain Management and Social Responsibility, Helsinki, Finland.
    Tatham, Peter
    Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Australia.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics, Supply Chain Management and Social Responsibility, Helsinki, Finland.
    Practices in the wine supply chain2015Ingår i: NOFOMA 2015: Post conference proceedings / [ed] Bjørn Jæger, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The low level of supply chain maturity and the lack of industry best practices in wine supply chains are stated to be some of the biggest challenges for this industry. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to explore practices in the wine supply chain, and to evaluate a framework of supply chain practices through a multiple case study.

    Design/methodology/approach: A multiple case study approach is used, through which the case of a multi-national wine producer is compared to thesupply chains of small Australian winemakers.

    Findings: The findings corroborate that performance, while highlighted in production and the quality of the product, is less in focus in terms of efficiency and effectiveness in the supply chain. The wine supply chain is very manufacturing and marketing-focused, with distribution supporting these activities. The case study shows that supply chain practices such as customer orientation, process integration and visibility are key to the wine supply chain, albeit they are not discussed in supply chain terms.

    Research limitations/implications (if applicable): The research indicates the link between supply chain practice andperformance, yet the directionality of this link remains to be established.

    Practical implications: Wine researchers have called for more research in supply chain management. This paper aims to fill this gap and in additionprovide practitioners withpractice examples.

    Social implications-

    Original/value: This paper is a first evaluation of a conceptual framework on supply chain practices in the wine supply chain. This framework is very useful for eliciting current practices but also for benchmarking with other companies in the wine industry.

  • 3.
    Tatham, Peter
    et al.
    Griffith Business School.
    Kovács, Gyöngyi
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Evaluating the applicability of sea basing to support the preparation for, and response to, rapid onset disasters2016Ingår i: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 63, nr 1, s. 67-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using four case studies of the response of the international community to major rapid onset natural disasters, this paper analyzes the advantages and challenges inherent in the provision of logistics support through the use of a floating warehouse; otherwise known as “sea basing.” Through a comparison of the costs and benefits of the use of alternative sea-basing models with the actual cost of air transport incurred, this paper demonstrates that the use of sea basing would offer responding agencies significant cost and flexibility benefits, and that the concept has the potential to be extended significantly through the use of a bespoke vessel rather than a standard commercial container ship.

  • 4.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Supply Chain Management and Corporate Geography, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    A theoretical framework for consolidation in humanitarian logistics2016Ingår i: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, E-ISSN 2042-6755, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 2-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a theoretical framework to better understand incentives and obstacles to consolidation of materials in humanitarian logistics. Design/methodology/approach – This study uses a content analysis for its literature review method to code 87 articles related to supply chain and logistics and understand what are the incentives and obstacles to consolidation. It then discusses these issues from the point of view of humanitarian logistics.

    Findings – Through the combination of a literature review and discussion, the framework developed in this conceptual paper identifies specific sources of delays and impediments to cooperation present in disaster response and development activities. These issues can be related to disaster type, the focus of the organization and the stakeholders as well as the resources required for consolidation themselves.

    Research limitations/implications – There are limitations to a conceptual paper, one being the lack of empirical proof for the findings. Another limitation is the use of coding; even though the coding grid was iterative to take into account the findings in the literature, there might still be shortcomings inherent to the categories.

    Originality/value – This study offers a comprehensive review of consolidation activities in the last decades and offers an abstract model to further investigate consolidation in the context of humanitarian logistics.

  • 5.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Case ABC analysis2016Ingår i: Supply Chain Management for Humanitarians / [ed] Gyöngyi Kovács, Karen Spens, Ira Haavisto, Kogan page, 2016Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Consolidation in Humanitarian Logistics2015Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Katastrofer, konflikter och fattigdom plågar miljoner människor över hela världen. Humanitära organisationer möter dessa människors behov genom att använda en omfattande uppsättning resurser som stöds av material-, penga- och informationsflöden. För att kunna optimera insatsen av sina resurser behöver humanitära organisationer effektivt logistiskt stöd. Med hjälp av vertikal eller horisontell samordning kan organisationerna bättre reagera på olika situationer. En specifik metod inom samordning är konsolidering, ett tema som utforskas på djupet i Alain Vaillancourts avhandling “Consolidation in Humanitarian Logistics” (konsolidering inom humanitär logistik). Vaillancourt strävar efter att förstå den kompetens och de bakomliggande resurser som krävs för konsolidering av material i leveranskedjor. - Genom att konsolidera de materiella resurserna får humanitära organisationer bättre tillgång till kunnande över organisationsgränserna, vilket stödjer dem i att genomföra sitt uppdrag, påpekar Vaillancourt. Avhandlingen behandlar begrepp relaterade till materiell konsolidering samt humanitär logistik som till exempel samordnad lagerhantering, upphandling och transport. Forskningsresultaten visar på förbättrade möjligheter för humanitära organisationer att förvärva olika slags nya färdigheter genom specifika samordnade verksamheter. Resultaten ger ledningen för humanitära organisationer insikter i konsolidering och hur de kan organisera lämpliga resurser, öka det interna kunnandet och därigenom förbättra sin verksamhet i leveranskedjorna.

  • 7. Vaillancourt, Alain
    Exploring the link between decentralization and disaster impact2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 8.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Government decentralization and disaster impact, an exploratory study2013Ingår i: Building Resilience 2013: Individual, institutional and societal coping strategies to address the challenges associated with disaster risk : book of abstracts / [ed] Martin Hall, Salford: University of Salford , 2013, nr 1Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the link between decentralization and the impact of natural disasters through empirical analysis. It addresses the issue of the importance of the role of local government in disaster response through different means of decentralization. By studying data available for 50 countries, it allows to develop the knowledge on the role of national government in setting policy that allows flexibility and decision making at a local level and how this devolution of power influences the outcome of disasters. The study uses Aaron Schneider’s definition and rankings of decentralization, the EM-DAT database to identify the amount of people affected by disasters on average per year as well as World Bank Indicators and the Human Development Index (HDI) to model the role of local decentralization in mitigating disasters. With a multivariate regression it looks at the amount of affected people as explained by fiscal, administrative and political decentralization, government expenses, percentage of urbanization, total population, population density, the HDI and the overall Logistics Performance Indicator (LPI). The main results are that total population, the overall LPI and fiscal decentralization are all significant in relation to the amount of people affected by disasters for the countries and period studied. These findings have implication for government’s policies by indicating that fiscal decentralization by allowing local governments to control a bigger proportion of the countries revenues and expenditures plays a role in reducing the amount of affected people in disasters. This can be explained by the fact that local government understand their own needs better in both disaster prevention and response which helps in taking the proper decisions to mitigate the amount of people affected in a disaster. The reduction in the implication of national government might also play a role in reducing the time of reaction to face a disaster. The main conclusion of this study is that fiscal control by local governments can help reduce the amount of people affected by disasters.

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  • 9.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Warehousing in Humanitarian Logistics2016Ingår i: Supply Chain Management for Humanitarians / [ed] Gyöngyi Kovács, Karen Spens, Ira Haavisto, Kogan page, 2016Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    et al.
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Haavisto, Ira
    Hanken School of Economics.
    An exploratory study of the link between investment in transportation infrastructure and disaster impact2014Ingår i: NOFOMA 2014 Proceedings: Competitiveness through Supply Chain Management and Global Logistics / [ed] Britta Gammelgaard, Günter Prockl, Aseem Kinra, Jesper Aastrup, Peter Holm Andreasen, Hans-Joachim Schramm, Juliana Hsuan, Malek Malouf, Andreas Wieland, Department of Operations Management, Copenhagen Business School , 2014, nr 1Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of this paper 

    Disasters affect millions of individuals each year and the current trend shows an increase in these numbers. The aim of this paper is to explore whether investments in transportation infrastructure in areas affected by disasters has a link with the number of people affected by disasters. 

    Design/methodology/approach

    Drawing on disaster models from the existing literature, the paper uses a regression model with secondary data about investment from 2005-2010 to explore the link between transport infrastructure investment and people affected by disasters in 2011.

    Findings 

    The multivariate model presented in this paper shows that there is a significant link between the investments made in transport infrastructure and a reduction of the number of affected people in disasters. 

    Research limitations 

    The research and model of this paper is limited by its sample size as well as by the secondary data which does not record all transportation investments made by governments but only the ones made through World Bank projects. Practical implications The results help understand what could be one of the many drivers behind reducing the amount of people affected by disasters. The results can further be used by policy and decision makers to take knowledgeable decisions when investing in disaster prone countries. 

    Originality of paper 

    This paper is original since it looks at a new variable that has not been studied previously and that might affect disaster outcomes.

  • 11.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    et al.
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Haavisto, Ira
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Community Volunteer Services in an Urban Disaster Setting2015Ingår i: Proceedings of the 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, 2015, nr 1Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    et al.
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Haavisto, Ira
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Country logistics performance and disaster impact2015Ingår i: Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, ISSN 0361-3666, E-ISSN 1467-7717, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 262-283Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to deepen the understanding of the relationship between country logistics performance and disaster impact. The relationship is analysed through correlation analysis and regression models for 117 countries for the years 2007 to 2012 with disaster impact variables from the International Disaster Database (EM-DAT) and logistics performance indicators from the World Bank. The results show a significant relationship between country logistics performance and disaster impact overall and for five out of six specific logistic performance indicators. These specific indicators were further used to explore the relationship between country logistic performance and disaster impact for three specific disaster types (epidemic, flood and storm). The findings enhance the understanding of the role of logistics in a humanitarian context with empirical evidence of the importance of country logistics performance in disaster response operation

  • 13.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Tatham, Peter H.
    International Business and Asian Studies, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.
    Wu, Yong
    International Business and Asian Studies, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.
    Haavisto, Ira
    Supply Chain Management and Social Responsibility, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Humanitarian health project supply chain costs2018Ingår i: Supply Chain Forum: an International Journal, ISSN 1625-8312, E-ISSN 1624-6039, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 70-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The combination of inadequate health systems and the occurrence of humanitarian crisis results in significant logistics and supply chain management (LSCM) challenges in the support of their vulnerable populations. Because of the high cost of humanitarian LSCM and the limited funding available, it is important that organizations make the most of their limited resources. The aim of this research is to develop our understanding of the drivers of LSCM cost in a humanitarian setting. The paper explores the importance of a range of different underpinning potential factors impacting the cost per beneficiary and develops a resultant set of hypotheses tested with a robust regression model. The results demonstrate that the number of beneficiaries and the type of organization, the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and the type of health programme all affect the supply chain costs per beneficiary. This research helps further the understanding of the drivers of efficiency for humanitarian supply chains and the impact of health programme design on supply chain costs. 

  • 14.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    et al.
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Tatham, Peter
    Griffith Business School.
    Seitz, Linsay
    Hanken School of Economics.
    A review of supply chain and logistics competencies for the humanitarian logistics field2015Ingår i: Proceedings of the 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, 2015, nr 1Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to review existing supply chain and logistics competencies and their potential application in humanitarian logistics. The study uses a systematic literature review to identify relevant articles and bases its discussion on the integration of these findings with the broader humanitarian logistics literature. The research indicate that competency frameworks are not well developed in general supply chain management and logistics literature especially for behaviours and links to performance – and even less so within humanitarian logistics literature. Nevertheless, the paper offers a conceptual model based on the material reviewed which can be used for further study.

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