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  • 1.
    Andrews, Ian
    et al.
    Saint-Gobain Ceramics Hamilton.
    Dumaillet, Jean-Marc
    Saint-Gobain Ceramics Hamilton.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Direct flow simulations in pressed foundry filters2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Andrews, Ian
    et al.
    Saint-Gobain Ceramics Hamilton - Canada .
    Dumaillet, Jean-Marc
    Saint-Gobain Ceramics Hamilton - Canada .
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Direct flow simulations in pressed foundry filters2003Ingår i: Ductile Iron News, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Andrews, Ian
    et al.
    Saint-Gobain Ceramics Hamilton.
    Dumaillet, Jean-Marc
    Saint-Gobain Ceramics Hamilton.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Simulering av flödesförlopp genom Filter2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Diaconu, Lucian Vasile
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Sjögren, Torsten
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Skoglund, Peter
    Scania CV AB.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    A molibdén hatása az öntöttvasak termomechanikus hőfárasztási tulajdonságaira.2013Ingår i: Banyaszati es Kohaszati Lapok - Kohaszat, ISSN 0005-5670, Vol. 146, nr 1, s. 13-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Diaconu, Lucian Vasile
    et al.
    Department of Metallurgical and Foundry Engineering, University of Miskolc, Hungary.
    Sjögren, Torsten
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Skoglund, Peter
    SCANIA CV AB Materials Technology, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Influence of molybdenum alloying on thermomechanical fatigue life of compacted graphite irons2012Ingår i: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 25, nr 5, s. 277-286Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study four compacted graphite irons (CGIs) and one grey cast iron (FGI) were produced and tested in the laboratory. The molybdenum content of the four CGI grades was varied between 0 and 1··01 wt-%. The purpose of the investigations was to examine the effect of the different molybdenum contents of the CGI on the thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) behaviour. The TMF tests were performed by cycling a constrained specimen between 110 and 600°C. For every material three tests were performed on specimens machined from a ∅20 mm cylinder. Other tests were performed on specimens machined from ∅55 mm and ∅85 mm cylinders respectively. The tests showed that additions of molybdenum improved the fatigue resistance of CGI. It was observed that additions of molybdenum refined the pearlite and that the specimens with a finer metallic matrix had a higher TMF resistance.

  • 6.
    Diaconu, Lucian Vasile
    et al.
    University of Miskolc, Hungary.
    Sjögren, Torsten
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Skoglund, Peter
    Scania CV AB.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Stress relaxation of compacted graphite iron alloyed with molybdenum2013Ingår i: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 51-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous study, the thermomechanical fatigue resistance of four compacted graphite irons (CGIs) and one grey cast iron was investigated. The molybdenum content of the four CGIs varied between 0 and 1.01 wt-%. It was observed that during thermal cycling, the maximum value of the compressive stress continuously decreased while the value of the maximum tensile stress continuously increased. The continuous decrease in compressive stresses showed that stress relaxation occurs at elevated temperatures during thermal cycling. The goal of the present investigation was to investigate the phenomenon of stress relaxation at elevated temperatures. The tests were performed at 350 and 600°C respectively. The results of the stress relaxation tests performed at 600°C showed the same trend observed at thermomechanical fatigue testing. The tests showed that additions of molybdenum improved the fatigue resistance of CGI by lowering the stress relaxation rate.

  • 7.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Evaluation of eutectic growth in grey cast iron by means of inverse modelling2003Ingår i: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 16, nr 1-3, s. 301-306Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Computer simulation of casting becomes a valuable tool for developing advanced materials and casting components. Recent investigations and validation work on simulated cast components reveal the necessity of reliable analyses methods to determine solidification behaviour and to extract parameters for kinetic models to use at simulation of complex cast iron materials.

    The paper will present an inverse modelling method for determination of eutectic growth. The method include an experimental part proper to investigate simultaneously the solidification at three different cooling rates while the cast material has the same metallurgical origin, and a computational part for calculation of grow kinetics. Validation of the inverse method is made together with simulation. The inverse modelling of eutectic growth in grey iron indicates that chemical composition, type and amount of inoculants and cooling condition are strongly influencing the eutectic growth condition and gives different eutectic growth coefficients. By invoking a generalized KJMA* equation, the shape of the growing eutectic interface can be predicted. Deviation from perfectly spherical growth in real solidification cases is the source of variation of eutectic growth coefficients. The results of the inverse model are valuable to simulate differences in solidification behaviour in differently treated grey iron melts.

    * KJMA is the abbreviation of the name of the famous scientists Kolmogorow, Johnson, Mehl and Avrami who developed and applied the equation.

  • 8.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Microstructure and tensile property simulation of grey cast iron components2004Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 9.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik.
    On microstructure formation and mechanical properties in grey cast iron2004Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A major user of cast components is the automotive industry, where the functionality of the components is related to environmental demands. Internal combustion engines are constantly being improved to emit less pollution. A vital part in this development is to increase the material properties of engine components during their life cycle. In particular, cylinder heads, cylinder blocks and piston rings for diesel engine are produced in grey cast iron. Cast iron is expected to be in use far into the foreseeable future, due to favourable properties and low production costs. This work has been devoted to study microstructure formation, the tensile properties of cast iron and to some extent defect formation.

    The microstructure develops during solidification and solid state transformations. An inverse thermal analysis method was developed to study the kinetics of the microstructure formation. The inverse thermal analysis used, the Fourier method, analyses the cooling curves of two thermocouples to study the solidification or transformation. To decrease experimental errors, simulations have been done and the cooling curves were analysed. The best results were obtained when the thermocouples were placed close to each other.

    With the help of the thermal analysis a time dependent and fading nucleation law of the eutectic cells was found to fit the experimental results best. The experiments were made by multiple thermal analyses, and six different types of inoculants were investigated. The eutectic growth behaviour during solidification was evaluated with inverse thermal analysis, and it was found that commercial inoculants not only affect the eutectic nucleation but they also control the eutectic growth rate.

    Models of densities and volume changes are an integral part of a microstructure simulation of cast irons. These models are important for the inverse thermal analysis and an understanding of the porosity and expansion penetration in cast iron.

    The tensile strength of grey cast iron has been discussed by examining the fracture mechanism of the material at failure. The ultimate tensile strength is a result of the intimate collaboration between the graphite flake and the primary phases. Several parameters, including the graphite morphology, carbon content, inoculation and cooling conditions influence the ultimate tensile strength by offseting the equilibrium between the major constituents, the graphite flakes embedded in the primary metallic matrix. A model to predict the ultimate tensile strength is developed based on the interpretation of the stress intensity behaviour in a eutectic cell.

    The models developed for nucleation, eutectic growth and prediction of tensile strength were introduced into a casting simulation program. Mould filling, solidificauon, microstructure development and tensile strength of a complex. shaped cylinder head were simulated.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 10.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Björklind, Tobias
    Scania CV AB.
    Diószegi, Zoltán
    Volvo Powertrain AB.
    Surface Turbulence at Flow of Gray Cast Iron2011Ingår i: Key Engineering Materials, ISSN 1013-9826, E-ISSN 1662-9795, Vol. 457, s. 422-427Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Gray cast iron has been investigated with respect to surface turbulence during mould filling. Different levels of flow velocities have been provoked in a vertically parted sand mould. The thermal resistant transparent front side of the mould permitted the observation of the flow pattern due to high speed camera registration. The registered frames including the liquid surface were investigated using image analyses. The results show good correlation between the average flow velocity and the liquid iron surface extension. Consequently it has been demonstrated that an increased absorption of hydrogen and nitrogen during mould filling is dependent on the level of liquid surface turbulence.

  • 11.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning. Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Diaconu, Lucian Vasile
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning. Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Microstructures and Characterization of Gray Irons2017Ingår i: ASM Handbook, Volume 1A: Cast Iron Science and Technology / [ed] Doru M. Stefanescu, Materials Park, Ohio: ASM International, 2017, s. 583-589Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Diaconu, Lucian VasileJönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.Jarfors, Anders E.W.Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Science and Processing of Cast Iron XI2018Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this book is to present for readers the articles from the 11th International Symposium on the Science and Processing of Cast Iron that was held in September 2017 in Jönköping, Sweden. The content of the book reflects the state of the art, research and development tendencies of cast iron as the main engineering cast material also in the 21st century.

  • 13.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Diószegi, Eva
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning. Diocore AB.
    Tóth, Judit
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Svidró, József Tamás
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Modelling and simulation of heat conduction in 1-D polar spherical coordinates using control volume-based finite difference method2016Ingår i: International journal of numerical methods for heat & fluid flow, ISSN 0961-5539, E-ISSN 1758-6585, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 2-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to obtain a finite difference method (FDM) solution using control volume for heat transport by conduction and the heat absorption by the enthalpy model in the sand mixture used in casting manufacturing processes. A mixture of sand and different chemicals (binders) is used as moulding materials in the casting processes. The presence of various compounds in the system improve the complexity of the heat transport due to the heat absorption as the binders are decomposing and transformed into gaseous products due to significant heat shock. Design/methodology/approach - The geometrical domain were defined in a 1D polar coordinate system and adapted for numerical simulation according to the control volume-based FDM. The simulation results were validated by comparison to the temperature measurements under laboratory conditions as the sand mould mixture was heated by interacting with a liquid alloy. Findings - Results of validation and simulation methods were about high correspondence, the numerical method presented in this paper is accurate and has significant potential in the simulation of casting processes. Originality/value - Both numerical solution (definition of geometrical domain in 1D polar coordinate system) and verification method presented in this paper are state-of-the-art in their kinds and present high scientific value especially regarding to the topic of numerical modelling of heat flow and foundry technology.

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  • 14.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Dugic, Izudin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    The Mechanism of Metal Expansion Penetration in Gray Cast Iron2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Dugic, Izudin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Metal Expansion Penetration on Concave Casting Surfaces of Grey Cast Iron Cylinder Heads2007Ingår i: Transactions of the American Foundry Society, Vol. 115, s. 609-615Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 16.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Dugic, Izudin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Penetrationsfehler an konkaven Gussteiloberflächen von Grauguss-Zylinderköpfen (Penetration errors casting concave surfaces of grey cast iron cylinder heads)2007Ingår i: Giesserei-Praxis, ISSN 0016-9781, Vol. 58, nr 11, s. 450-454Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Elfsberg, Jessica
    Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden .
    Diószegi, Zoltán
    Volvo Group Trucks Operation, Skövde, Sweden.
    Solubility of Hydrogen and Nitrogen in liquid cast iron during melting and mold filling2016Ingår i: 72nd World Foundry Congress, WFC 2016, The World Foundry Organization (WFO) , 2016, s. 52-53Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Defect formation like gas- and shrinkage porosity at cast iron component production is related to the content of gaseous elements in the liquid metal. The present work investigate the solubility of hydrogen and nitrogen in liquid iron aimed for production of lamellar and compacted graphite cast iron. The used methods and instruments are a combination of commercial measuring devices and novel experimental assemblies for measuring solubility of hydrogen and nitrogen during melting and mold filling of a complex shaped cast component. The obtained results reveal the role of the charge material and the mold filling on the solubility of the investigated elements. 

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    fulltext
  • 18.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Elfsberg, Jessica
    Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Diószegi, Zoltán
    Volvo Group Trucks Operation, Skövde, Sweden.
    Ramos, André Koerich
    TUPY S.A., Joinville, Brazil.
    Shrinkage porosity formation in cast iron components2018Ingår i: 73rd World Foundry Congress "Creative Foundry", WFC 2018 - Proceedings, Stowarzyszenie Techniczne Odlewnikow Polskich/Polish Foundrymen's Association , 2018, s. 207-208Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Shrinkage porosity formation mechanisms at production of cast iron components is particularly complex and became more and more difficult to understand since the shape casting complexity have been increased more and more in advanced component applications. The present work intends to summarize the state of the art in understanding the shrinkage porosity formation mechanism of cast iron based on a series of key publications, MSc and PhD theses performed in collaboration between cast iron component users, producers and researchers.

  • 19.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Elmquist, Lennart
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Orlenius, Jessica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Dugic, Izudin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Defect Formation at Casting of Gray Iron Components2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the Carl Loper Cast Iron Symposium, Madison, Wisconsin, US, 2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Elmquist, Lennart
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Orlenius, Jessica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Dugic, Izudin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Defect Formation of Gray Iron Casting2009Ingår i: International Journal of Metalcasting, ISSN 1939-5981, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 49-58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cast iron is one of the oldest technical alloys used for creating objects. Foundrymen from the very beginning of casting was fighting to avoid casting defects. In the beginning a successfully performed casting was associated with witchcraft. Cast component producers suffer yearly substantial expenses due to rejecting or repairing castings. The present work will summarize research efforts to understand formation mechanisms of defects, performed in collaboration with Swedish foundries during the last years. The presented work will focus on defects, specific casting of gray iron components. Studied defects are gas porosity, shrinkage porosity and metal expansion penetration. Novell experimental set up has been developed or existing methods has been improved to study defect formation mechanisms. Today we can realize that casting without defects are possible only by approaching the defect formation mechanism with multidisciplinary science.

  • 21.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Fourlakidis, Vasilios
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning. Swerea Swecast, Sweden.
    Diaconu, Lucian Vasile
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Prediction of volume fraction of primary austenite at solidification of lamellar graphite cast iron using thermal analyses2016Ingår i: Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry (Print), ISSN 1388-6150, E-ISSN 1588-2926, Vol. 124, nr 1, s. 215-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lamellar graphite cast iron was investigated with carbon equivalents varied between CE = 3.4 and 4.26, cast at various cooling rates between 0.195 and 3.5 °C s−1 covering the limits used for technical applications in the production of complex-shaped lamellar graphite cast iron. Registered cooling curves displaced in two positions in the casting were used to predict the solidification and microstructure formation mechanisms. The predicted volume fraction of primary austenite was compared with the fraction of primary austenite measured on colour micrographs with the help of image analyses. A good correlation has been obtained for medium and slow cooling conditions, while a less good correlation at fast cooling condition was attributed to the used protective environment to preserve thermocouples. The observed fraction and the predicted fraction of primary austenite were in good correlation and followed a consequent variation dependent on the carbon equivalent. Furthermore, the quality of the prediction was dependent on the used numerical algorithm involving cooling information from either one or two thermocouples.

  • 22.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Fourlakidis, Vasilios
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning. Swerea Swecast.
    Lora, Ruben
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Austenite Dendrite Morphology in Lamellar Cast Iron2014Ingår i: The 10th International Symposium on the Science and Processing of Cast Iron, SPCI10, November, Mar del Plata, Argentina, 2014, The Institute for Research in Materials Science and Technology (INTEMA) , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Primary austenite has been underestimated in general when the theories of nucleation, solidification, microstructure formation and mechanical properties was established for cast iron and particularly for lamellar cast iron. After extensive use of colour etching during the last two decades it has been found that primary austenite dendrites can be characterized using general morphology parameters like those used for other technical cast alloys with dendritic structure. The present work aims to investigate the primary austenite morphology of as-cast samples of a hypoeutectic lamellar cast iron produced with different cooling rates. Morphological parameters as the area fraction primary austenite, the secondary dendrite arm spacing, the dendrite envelope surface, the coarseness of the primary dendrite expressed as the relation between the volume of the dendrite and its envelope surface and the coarseness of the interdendritic space also known as the hydraulic diameter are measured. Furthermore the role of the size of investigation area is revealed be sequential investigation. A strong relation between all measured morphological parameters and the solidification time have been established excepting the volume fraction of primary austenite which is constant for all cooling conditions.

  • 23.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Fourlakidis, Vasilios
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning. Swerea Swecast.
    Lora, Ruben
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Austenite dendrite morphology in lamellar graphite iron2015Ingår i: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 28, nr 5, s. 310-317Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Primary austenite has been underestimated in general when the theories of nucleation, solidification, microstructure formation and mechanical properties were established for cast iron and particularly for lamellar cast iron. The present work aims to investigate the primary austenite morphology of as cast samples of a hypoeutectic lamellar cast iron produced with different cooling rates. Morphological parameters as the area fraction primary austenite, the secondary dendrite arm spacing, the dendrite envelope surface, the coarseness of the primary dendrite expressed as the relation between the volume of the dendrite and its envelope surface and the coarseness of the interdendritic space also known as the hydraulic diameter are measured. Furthermore, the role of the size of the investigation area is revealed to be sequential investigation. A strong relation between all measured morphological parameters and the solidification time has been established, except the volume fraction of primary austenite, which is constant for all cooling conditions.

  • 24.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Fourlakidis, Vasilios
    Swerea - Swecast.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Fracture Mechanics of Gray Cast Iron2010Ingår i: Materials Science Forum, ISSN 0255-5476, E-ISSN 1662-9752, Vol. 649, s. 517-522Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The fracture mechanism of gray cast iron was investigated on tension loaded samples produced under different conditions. The parameters studied included the graphite morphology, the carbon content, the inoculation and the cooling condition. The observations made reveal the role of the microstructure on crack propagation. The cracks were found to always propagate parallel with the graphite flakes. The interaction between the metallic matrix precipitated as primary austenite and graphite has been interpreted by a simplified model of the austenite reinforced eutectic cell. The geometrical transcription gave a standard crack component configuration with known mathematical solution. The microstructure observed in the experiments has been analysed by means of a novel interpretation. The fictitious stress intensity at yield and the fictitious maximum stress intensity at failure are strongly related to the relative shape of the eutectic cell and the fraction primary austenite. A different slope is observed for the material cooled at high rate when the precipitation of primary carbide reduces the stress intensity. The observed relations indicate that the tensile strength of the grey cast iron is the result of the collaboration between the toughness of the metallic matrix precipitated as primary austenite and the brittleness of the graphite phase. The shape and distribution of the primary austenite and graphite can be influenced by chemical composition, by inoculation or by the cooling condition, but they will maintain equilibrium with respect to the stress intensity.

  • 25.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Fourlakidis, Vasilios
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Microstructure and tensile properties of grey cast iron2004Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 26.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Hattel, Jesper
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Inverse thermal analysis method to study solidification in cast iron2004Ingår i: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. 311-318Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 27.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Liu, Kalle Z
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Inoculation of Primary Austenite in Grey Cast Iron2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 28.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Liu, Kalle Z
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Inoculation of Primary Austenite in Grey Cast Iron2007Ingår i: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 68-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 29.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Lora, Ruben
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Fourlakidis, Vasilios
    Swerea Swecast.
    Dynamic Coarsening of Austenite Dendrite in Lamellar Cast Iron Part 1 – Investigation based on interrupted solidification2014Ingår i: Materials Science Forum, ISSN 0255-5476, E-ISSN 1662-9752, Vol. 790-791, s. 205-210Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamic coarsening of austenite dendrite in lamellar cast iron has been studied for a hypoeutectic alloy. The common morphological parameter to characterize dynamic coarsening, secondary dendrite arm space has been replaced by the Modulus of primary dendrite (MPD) and the Hydraulic diameter of the interdendritic space (DHydIP) to interpret the dynamic coarsening with respect to the local solidification time. The obtained results demonstrate the coarsening process of both the solid and liquid phase. The interdendritic space is increasing as the contact time between the solid and liquid phase increases. The ratio between the DHydIP/MPD is strongly dependent on the precipitated fraction primary austenite indicating clearly the morphology variation during coarsening. The interrupted solidification method demonstrate that the observed coarsening process is not only a combination of the increasing fraction precipitated solid phase and the rearrangement of the solid - liquid interphase curvature but the volume change due to density variation is also contribute to the coarsening process.

  • 30.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Millberg, Adam
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Microstructure evaluation and simulation of mechanical properties of a cylinder head in cast iron2001Ingår i: The science of Casting and Solidification, Brassó-Brasov, Romania, 2001, s. 269-277Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Interpretation of Solidification by Thermal Analysis of Cooling Rate2005Ingår i: Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, ISSN 0019-493X, Vol. 58, nr 4, s. 611-616Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 32.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Inverse kinetic analysis method to study eutectic growth2005Ingår i: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 41-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 33.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Lemezgrafitos öntöttvas dermedési mecanizmusai2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Lemezgrafitos öntöttvas szakító szilárdságának számítógépes modellezése2005Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    On the problems of thermal analysis of solidification2005Ingår i: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, E-ISSN 1873-4936, Vol. 413-414, s. 474-479Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 36.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Svidró, Peter
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Elmquist, Lennart
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning. SinterCast AB.
    Dugic, Izudin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning. Linnaeus University.
    Defect formation mechanisms in lamellar cast iron related to the casting geometry2015Ingår i: Advances in the Science and Engineering of Casting Solidification: An MPMD Symposium Honoring Doru Michael Stefanescu / [ed] L. Nastac, B. Liu, H. Fredriksson, J. Lacaze, C.-P. Hong, A. V. Catalina, A. Buhrig-Polaczek, C. Monroe, A. S. Sabau, R. E. L. Ruxanda, A. Luo, S. Sen and A. Diószegi, John Wiley & Sons, 2015, s. 251-259Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Svidró, Peter
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Elmquist, Lennart
    SinterCast AB, Technical Centre, Katrineholm, Sweden.
    Dugic, Izudin
    Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Defect formation mechanisms in lamellar graphite iron related to the casting geometry2016Ingår i: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 29, nr 5, s. 279-285Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although lamellar cast iron has been used in advanced applications for about 20 years, our knowledge about the mechanisms affecting microstructure and defect formation is relatively limited. The present paper summarises some solidification-related phenomena from a series of recently published peer-reviewed papers and scientific theses and suggests a mechanism of defect formation which is dependent on the shape of the solidifying casting geometry. When shrinkage porosity or metal expansion penetration occurs, evidence of material transport in the intergranular zone of primary equiaxed austenite grains in the casting and in the intergranular regions between the sand grains in the mould material is seen. Material transport occurs across the casting-mould interface, where the existence of or the permeability of the primary columnar zone determines if material transport can take place.

  • 38.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Svidró, Péter
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Method of and device for analysing a phase transformation of a material2018Patent (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    A method of analyzing a phase transformation process of a material comprises providing a spherical sample of the material, measuring and recording a first data series of core temperature at the sample's center of gravity, measuring and recording a respective second data series of temperature at the sample's periphery, measuring and recording a respective third data series of radial displacements at the sample's periphery, and calculating a change in pressure in the sample at a plurality of points in time based on first, second and third said data series.

  • 39.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Svidró, Péter
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Volumetric changes during the Solidification of Cast Iron2017Ingår i: ASM Handbook, Volume 1A: Cast Iron Science and Technology / [ed] Doru M. Stefanescu, Materials Park, Ohio: ASM International, 2017, s. 88-93Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 40.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Wessén, Magnus
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Measurement and simulation of thermal condition and mechanical properties in a complicated shaped cylinder head cast in grey iron2000Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 41.
    Diószegi, Attila
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Wessén, Magnus
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik.
    Measurement and simulation of thermal condition and mechanical properties in a complicated shaped cylinder head cast in grey iron2001Ingår i: Indian Foundry Journal, Vol. 8, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Domeij, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Inferring the development of microsegregation and microstructure in Spheroidal and Compacted Graphite Iron using EPMA‐WDS2017Ingår i: Solidification Processing 2017: Proceedings of the 6th Decennial International Conference on Solidification Processing / [ed] Zhongyun Fan, Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST) , 2017, nr 1, s. 455-458Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Microsegregation is closely related to the solidification characteristics and microstructure development of a material. In this paper, the microsegregation of Si, Cu, Mn, and P was investigated on a spheroidal and a compacted graphite iron using a modified EPMA equipped with WDS spectrometers. On the basis of the approximated local equilibrium eutectic temperature, the solidification sequence of the matrix was estimated. The inferred microstructure development appeared to correspond well to published interrupted solidification experimental results. Solute profiles and effective partition coefficients were constructed using the solidification sequence. While the spatial microsegregation patterns clearly differed between the two materials, solute profiles and effective partition coefficients were very similar. For Si, Cu and Mn, the solute profiles corresponded reasonably with simulation results produced using the Scheil-Gulliver module of the Thermo-Calc software with the TCFE7 databank, indicating back-diffusion of these elements is negligible for SGI and CGI with solidification times up to 10 min. The effective partition coefficients for Si, Cu and Mn were fairly constant until about 90% of the matrix had solidified, after which they appeared to approach unity.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 43.
    Domeij, Björn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Solidification Chronology of the Metal Matrix and a Study of Conditions for Micropore Formation in Cast Irons Using EPMA and FTA2018Ingår i: Materials Science Forum, ISSN 0255-5476, E-ISSN 1662-9752, Vol. 925, s. 436-443Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Microsegregation is intimately coupled with solidification, the development of microstructure, and involved in the formation of various casting defects. This paper demonstrates how the local composition of the metal matrix of graphitic cast irons, measured using quantitative electron microprobe analysis, can be used to determine its solidification chronology. The method is applied in combination with Fourier thermal analysis to investigate the formation of micropores in cast irons with varying proportions of compacted and spheroidal graphite produced by remelting. The results indicate that micropores formed at mass fractions of solid between 0.77 and 0.91, which corresponded to a stage of solidification when the temperature decline of the castings was large and increasing. In 4 out of the 5 castings, pores appear to have formed soon after the rate of solidification and heat dissipation had reached their maximum and were decreasing. While the freezing point depression due to build-up of microsegregation and the transition from compacted to spheroidal type growth of the eutectic both influencing solidification kinetics and the temperature evolution of the casting, the results did not indicate a clear relation to the observed late deceleration of solidification.

  • 44.
    Domeij, Björn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    The Distribution of Carbon in Austenite Studied on a Water-Quenched Compacted Graphite Iron Using Electron Probe Microanalysis2020Ingår i: International Journal of metalcasting, ISSN 1939-5981, E-ISSN 2163-3193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Spheroidal graphite is the defining microstructural feature of ductile iron and also plays an important role in compacted graphite iron. It is widely accepted that graphite spheroids are engulfed by austenite at an early stage of solidification after which their growth is impeded by the slow diffusion of carbon through a layer of austenite. In this work, a compacted graphite iron-containing spheroidal graphite was studied after interruption of its solidification by water quenching. Selected areas of a cross section of the castings were investigated using quantitative electron probe microanalysis, with emphasis on the distribution of carbon in austenite. The measured carbon concentration near graphite was generally below the theoretical carbon concentration in austenite at equilibrium with graphite at 1140 °C. Numerical simulations of diffusion of carbon in austenite around spheroidal graphite suggest that a zone of austenite around graphite was likely depleted of carbon during quenching, possibly explaining the low measured concentrations. The measured carbon concentration near graphite varied by as much as 0.3 wt%, with the lowest concentrations consistently found in the central region of compacted graphite–austenite eutectic cells. Regardless of whether these differences were present prior to quenching or are consequences thereof, they seem to reflect either departures from, or displacements of, the carbon concentration in austenite at equilibrium with graphite. This indicates that there is something about growth of graphite embedded in austenite which is not well understood. Concentrations of Si, Mn and Cu are near equal in the compared regions and do not explain the observed differences in carbon content near graphite.

  • 45.
    Domeij, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Elfsberg, J.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    The distribution of carbon during solidification of a compacted graphite ironManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Domeij, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Elfsberg, J.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    The evolution of dendritic austenite in a solidifying near‐eutectic compacted graphite iron under varying cooling conditionsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 47.
    Domeij, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Hernando, Juan Carlos
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Quantification of dendritic austenite after interrupted solidification in a hypoeutectic lamellar graphite iron2016Ingår i: Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis, ISSN 2192-9270, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 28-42Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an unconventional etching technique to reveal the microstructure in a hypoeutectic lamellar graphite iron that has been quenched after isothermal heat treatment in the proeutectic semi-solid temperature region. A technique for quantifying the dendrite microstructure using the aforementioned etching technique involving a combination of a raster graphics editor and an image analysis software is outlined. The agreement between this quantification technique with regard to volume fraction and surface area per unit volume of the dendritic austenite and corresponding point counting and line intercept techniques is analyzed. The etching technique was found useful but sporadic tinting of martensite was problematic. Some measurements showed significant systematic disagreement which correlated with the coarseness of the measured dendrites. Most systematic disagreement is attributed to difficulties in defining the dendrite boundary in the analogues and much of the random disagreement to easily identified discrepancies between the analogue and the micrograph.

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  • 48.
    Domeij, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Hernando, Juan Carlos
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Size distribution of graphite nodules in hypereutectic cast irons of varying nodularity2018Ingår i: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 49, nr 5, s. 2487-2504Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An SGI was machined into 400 g cylindrical pieces and remelted in an electrical resistance furnace protected by Ar gas to produce materials ranging from SGI to CGI. The graphite morphology was controlled by varying the holding time at 1723 K (1450 °C) between 10 and 60 minutes. The discrete sectional size distribution of nodules by number density was measured on cross sections of the specimens and translated to volumetric distribution by volume fraction. Subpopulations of nodules were distinguished by fitting Gaussian distribution functions to the measured distribution. Primary and eutectic graphite, were found to account for most of the volume of nodular graphite in all cases. For holding times of 40 minutes and greater, corresponding to nodularity roughly below 40 pct, the primary subpopulation was very small and difficult to distinguish, leaving eutectic nodules as the dominant subpopulation. The mode and standard deviation of the two subpopulations were roughly independent of nodularity. Moreover, the nodular and vermicular graphite were segregated in the microstructure. In conclusion, the results suggest that the parallel development of the vermicular eutectic had small influence on the size distribution of eutectic graphite nodules.

  • 49. Dugic, Izudin
    et al.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Svensson, Ingvar L.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Metal Expansion Penetration on Concave Casting Surfaces of Grey Cast Iron Cylinder Heads2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Cylinder heads have an extremely complex shape with large areas of concave casting surfaces. The concave casting surfaces are often associated with metal expansion penetration problems or other surface defects, e. g. surface shrinkage. The defects cause high production costs due to component rejection and increased fettling time. This report presents an investigation of the microstructure in grey cast iron close to the sand-metal interface affected by metal penetration in a complex shaped casting. The dominant penetration defect observed in the cylinder heads was expansion penetration. Even pre-solidification penetration and sand crack defects were observed. The microstructure found in the non penetrated areas is typical for solidification of grey iron cast in sand moulds.

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  • 50. Dugic, Izudin
    et al.
    Diószegi, Attila
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    Svensson, Ingvar L.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Material och tillverkning - gjutning.
    The Influence of Inoculation on the Metal Expansion Penetration With Respect to the Primary and Eutectic Solidification2005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanism of metal expansion penetration of grey cast iron components is dependent on both solidification anomalies at the metal – mould interface and the inclination of the sand mould to permit the metal liquid to penetrate between the sand grains. The present work utilizes the latest development of primary austenite inoculation in combination with classic eutectic inoculation to limit the metallurgical contribution to metal expansion penetration. A solid shell containing the primary austenite dendrite network constitutes the barrier between the liquid metal and mould interface. Inoculants of both the primaryand eutectic phase control the permeability of the dendrite network.

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