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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. University College of Kristianstad,Kristianstad.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Sense of coherence of reindeer herders and other Samis in comparison to other Swedish citizens2013In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 2242-3982, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 72, p. -20633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Samis are indigenous people in north Europe. In the territory called Sa´pmi (Lapland), reindeer herding is the traditional base for the Sami economy. The relation between living conditions and positive health of the Swedish Samis has been sparsely studied. As health is closely linked to sense of coherence (SOC), an understanding of the background factors to SOC may contribute knowledge that might be useful in promoting living conditions and health.

    Methods. The study examines relations between the level of SOC and background factors from surveys in a Sami population (n=613) in comparison to a non-Sami population (n=525) in Sweden, and in comparison between 2 subsamples of Samis, that is, herders and non-herders.

    Results. There are more similarities than differences between the Sami and non-Sami populations. However, dividing the Sami population, reindeer herders had significantly lower SOC, and in specific the subcomponent manageability, that is, less ability to use available resources to meet different demands in life, compared to non-herders.

    Conclusions. In addition to age and health, predictors of SOC are related to the life form of reindeer husbandry and the belonging to the herding community

  • 2.
    Johansson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Oral health status of older adults in Sweden receiving elder care: Findings from nursing assessments2016In: Nursing Research, ISSN 0029-6562, E-ISSN 1538-9847, Vol. 65, no 3, p. 215-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Frail elderly people often have poor oral hygiene, contributing to oral health problems that can detract significantly from quality of life.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe oral health status of frail elderly individuals using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide-Jönköping (ROAG-J), a mouth assessment instrument that can be used in daily nursing care.

    METHODS: Data were obtained from the Swedish Senior Alert quality registry in one Swedish municipality. ROAG-J assessments on admission to elder care and one subsequent occasion were used. ROAG-J measurements documented oral health in nine areas: voice, lips, oral mucosa, tongue, gums, teeth, saliva, swallowing, and presence of any prostheses or implants. Assessments were made by nursing staff during the course of daily nursing care.

    RESULTS: Individuals 65 years of age or older and receiving elder care services (N = 667) were involved; 1,904 assessments made between November 2011 and March 2014 were used for the analysis. On the basis of both assessments, less than one third of participants had oral health problems. No significant difference in any of the oral health variables was found between first and subsequent assessments. At first assessment, men and women differed in tongue health (p < .01); at the subsequent assessment, gender differences in voice (p < .05), mucous membranes (p < .003), tongue (p < .01), and saliva (p < .006) were observed.

    DISCUSSION: Most participants had good oral health. Assessments made by nursing staff using the ROAG-J demonstrate that this tool can be used in daily nursing care, where different, important oral conditions may be encountered. However, knowledge about oral health conditions and the ROAG-J instrument is important to ensure high validity. The ROAG-J enables nursing staff to detect problems in the mouth and to guide decisions related to oral health interventions.

  • 3.
    Johansson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Effekt på munhälsa av samarbete mellan tandhygienist och personal i äldreomsorg2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Lindmark, Lindmark
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Larsson, Anna-Britta
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Högskolan Dalarna.
    Müller, Görel
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Högskolan Dalarna.
    Andersson, Pia
    Tandhgienistprogrammet, Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Mårtensson, Carina
    Tandhgienistprogrammet, Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Olsson, Margaretha
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Karlstad universitet.
    Rolandsson, Margot
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Karlstad universitet.
    Sundberg, Nina
    Tandhygienistprogrammet, Karlstad universitet.
    Klinisk slutexamination i tandhygienistprogrammet vid fyra lärosäten2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The registered dental hygienist has a key role in promotion and prevention within Swedish dental care. Working as a dental hygienist requires an ability to work independently and make well-grounded decisions in order to give good and sure care. The aim of the project was to develop, test and evaluate a model for clinical final examinations based on the requirements for working as a registered dental hygienist. The project resulted in a model consisting of a theoretical and a clinical examination. The theoretical part consists of a fictitious patient case while the clinical part comprises a realistic patient situation in which the student takes charge of a patient and gives treatment. The strength of the new model lies in the fact that all students at different universities and colleges have to take clinical examinations according to the same assessment criteria, which ensures good and comparable quality.

  • 5.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Känsla av sammanhang, den orala hälsan, tandvårdsbeteende och attityder till tandvård2007In: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 5-Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Mycket stress bland tandläkare2016In: Tandläkartidningen, ISSN 0039-6982, no 4, p. 46-48Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Resursrikedom och balans i livet ger god munhälsa hos 19-åringar2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att undersöka hälsoorienterade resurser bland 19-åringar och hur dessa interagerar med orala hälsorelaterade attityder och beteenden.Deltagare, 19-åringar som bor i Jönköping, var strategiskt utvalda i samband med den årliga undersökningen på Folktandvården. En strukturerad enkät besvarades innehållande bakgrundsfaktorer och Antonovskys livsfrågeformulär som mäter "känsla av sammanhang" (KASAM), följt av en tematiserad djupintervju. Den kvalitativa analysmetoden var Grounded Theory. Nio informanter (fyra kvinnor) har hittills tagits med i studien.Den preliminära analysen visar en kärnkategori, "Resursrikedom och balans i livet", som tycks vara avgörande för hälsosamma val som påverkar orala hälsorelaterade attityder och beteenden. Denna kärnkategori bygger på fem inbördes relaterade teman som beskriver olika dimensioner av hälsorelaterade resurser. Trygghet och stöd från familj och vänner, interna resurser såsom självtillit men också olika strategier för att hantera vardagen lyftes fram som centrala resurser. Värderingar och förväntningar, egen erfarenhet och behov, men också tankar om framtida orala hälsotillstånd, var viktiga för motivation till hälsosamma val. Dessutom ansågs tillgången till samhällets resurser såsom stormarknader, möjlighet till självhushåll, en hälsosam kost,  men också hälsobudskap från media, skola och tandvård samt den psykosociala miljön som påverkande faktorer för hälsosamma val.Slutsats: Samspelet mellan olika externa och interna resurser beskrevs som avgörande för hälsosamma val och oral hälsa. Fokus på individens resurser kan vara en framgångsfaktor i förebyggande och munhälsofrämjande åtgärder.

  • 8.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Sense of coherence (SOC) and oral health status among Swedish adults: a cross sectional population study2009In: Forskningskonferens i munhälsa 2009, Falun, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives The Sense of coherence (SOC) questionnaire estimate an individual’s degree of an inside strength leading to a health promoting behaviour. The aim was to investigate sense of coherence in relation to oral health status.

    Method A stratified random sample of 910 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden, aged 20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 years old, was used. The investigation contained the Swedish short version of  the SOC questionnaire with 13-items and a self-reported questionnaire about demographic information, oral health related behaviour and attitudes to oral health. In addition a clinical and radiographical examination was performed.

    Results A total of 525 individuals participated in the study, 261 men and 264 women. Socioeconomic factors such as age, marital status, income and education had a statistical significant association to SOC.  Bivariate analyse showed that higher mean SOC scores had a statistically significant relationships with more decayed filled surfaces (DFS) and filled surfaces (FS), less caries severity, less teeth with calculus and a better periodontal health. Logistic regression analysis showed that Individuals with high SOC score were predictive of high DFS and FS but low gingivitis scores. After controlling for age, high SOC scores showed a protective effect for gingivitis and plaque.

    Conclusions Socioeconomic factors had an association with SOC. Statistical associations were found between SOC scores and oral health status with regard to several  important oral clinical variables and high SOC scores may indicate a protective determinant for gingivitis and plaque.

  • 9.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Abrahamsson, Kajsa H.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Oral health-related resources - a salutogenic perspective on Swedish 19-year-olds2015In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 56-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore health-oriented resources among 19-year-olds and, specifically, how these resources interact with oral health-related attitudes and behaviour. To represent individuals with various psychosocial environments and socioeconomic areas, the participants were selected from different geographical locations of the Public Dental Service clinics in the county of Jönköping, Sweden. A structured questionnaire was distributed, including the instrument ‘sense of coherence’, for description of the study group, followed by a semi-structured thematized interview. The qualitative method used for sampling and analyses was grounded theory. Data sampling and analysis were performed in parallel procedures and ended up in a sample of ten informants (five women). In the analysis of interview data, a core category was identified, ‘Resources of Wealth and Balance in Life – a Foundation for Healthy Choices’, describing the central meaning of the informants’ perceptions of resources with an essential beneficial impact on oral health. The core category was built on five themes, which in turn had various subthemes, describing different dimensions of resources interacting with beneficial oral health-related attitudes and behaviour: ‘Security-building Resources and Support’, ‘Driving force and Motivation’,Maturity and Insight’,Health Awareness’ and ‘Environmental influences.’ The results elucidate personal and environmental health-oriented resources with influence on oral health-related attitudes and behaviours of young individuals. Such beneficial recourses should be recognized by dental personnel to promote oral health.

  • 10.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Do, Thi Thu Hien
    Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam.
    Do, Quang Trung
    Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam.
    Bengtsson, Ann
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Effectiveness of oral hygiene after supervised tooth-brushing education in six-year-old children at a primary school in Vietnam2012In: Journal of Behavioral Health, ISSN 2146-8346, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 279-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The prevalence of dental caries is very high among Vietnamese children why methods and techniques for good oral hygiene behaviours therefore is very important in caries prevention.

    Aim: To assess oral hygiene before and after supervised tooth-brushing education in six-yearold children.

    Design: A pilot study with a pre-post-test design was used. Forty children, six years of age, at a primary school in Hanoi, participated in the study. The modified Bass tooth-brushing method were taught. Oral hygiene, i.e. dental plaque, was assessed on each tooth surface before the tooth-brushing education and after one week.

    Results: There was a distinct and significant improvement in tooth-brushing skills among sixyear- old children of both genders after the tooth-brushing education. The rate of dental plaque was reduced by 40% after the education. An improvement in cleaning could be seen on all four tooth surfaces (buccal, lingual, mesial and distal).

    Conclusion: School-based education in tooth-brushing technique are very effective for improving oral hygiene among six year olds.

  • 11.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    H Abrahamsson, Kajsa
    Odontologiska fakulteten, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Resources of Wealth and Balance in life – Essential for Oral health among Swedish 19-year olds2013In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene: Abstracts for the International Symposium on Dental Hygiene, Cape Town, South Africa, August 14–17, 2013 / [ed] Öhrn, Kerstin, 2013, Vol. 11, p. 163-164Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim was to explore health oriented resources among 19-year olds and in specific how these health oriented recourses interacts with oral health related attitudes and behaviors.Methods: Participants, 19-year olds living in Jönköping, were strategically selected in connection with the annual examination at the Public Dental Service. A structured questionnaire included background factors and Antonovsky´s 13-items Life-orientation questionnaire measuring ‘Sense of coherence’ (SOC), followed by a thematized in-depth interview. The qualitative method chosen was Grounded Theory (GT). In accordance with GT, datasampling and analyses is performed in a parallel procedure that continues until new data do not bring anything vital into the analysis model. Nine informants (four women) have so far been included in the study.

    Preliminary results: The preliminary analysis model suggests a core category labeled ‘Resources of Wealth and Balance in Life’ which seemed to be essential for healthy choices influencing oral health related attitudes and behaviors. This core category is built on five interrelated themes describing different dimensions of health related recourses. Security and support from family and friends, internal resources such as self-efficacy but also different strategies to coop with everyday life were highlighted as central resources.  Values and expectation within life context, your own experience and needs but also thoughts about future oral health conditions, were important for motivation towards healthy choices. Moreover, availability to community resources such as supermarkets, opportunity for self-cooking and a healthy diet, but also health messages from media, school and dental care as well as the psychosocial environment were described as influencing factors for healthy choices.  Conclusions: The interplay between different external and internal resources were described as essential for healthy choices and oral health. Focusing on such beneficial resources could be a success factor in prevention and oral health promotion strategies. 

  • 12.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Is Sense of coherence (SOC) a determinant to oral health status in adults?: a cross sectional population study2009In: Oral hälsa och livskvalitet - bidrar tandvården?: 22-23 april 2009 Malmö, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives The Sense of coherence (SOC) questionnaire estimate an individual’s degree of an inside strength leading to a health promoting behaviour. The aim was to investigate sense of coherence in relation to oral health status. Method A stratified random sample of 910 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden, aged 20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 years old, was used. The investigation contained the Swedish short version of  the SOC questionnaire with 13-items and a self-reported questionnaire about demographic information, oral health related behaviour and attitudes to oral health. In addition a clinical and radiographical examination was performed. Results A total of 525 individuals participated in the study, 261 men and 264 women. Socioeconomic factors such as age, marital status, income and education had a statistical significant association to SOC.  Bivariate analyse showed that higher mean SOC scores had a statistically significant relationships with more decayed filled surfaces (DFS) and filled surfaces (FS), less caries severity, less teeth with calculus and a better periodontal health. Logistic regression analysis showed that Individuals with high SOC score were predictive of high DFS (OR=3.3, CI 1.14-9.36) and FS  (OR=2.1, CI 0.98-4.31) but low gingivitis scores (OR=0.54, CI 0.30-0.95). After controlling for age, high SOC scores showed a protective effect for gingivitis (OR=0.52,  CI 0.29-0.94) and plaque (OR=0.61, CI 0.36-1.04). Conclusions Socioeconomic factors had an association with SOC. Statistical associations were found between SOC scores and oral health status with regard to several  important oral clinical variables and high SOC scores may indicate a protective determinant for gingivitis and plaque.

  • 13.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Avdelning för Beteende och Samhällsodontologi, Institutionen för Odontologi, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Kan känsla av sammanhang ha betydelse för beteende, kunskap och attityder relaterat till oral hälsa?2010In: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 55-Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt – Syfte: Att studera sambandet mellan känsla av sammanhang (KASAM), oralt hälsorelaterat beteende, kunskap om och attityd till oral hälsa i en vuxen svensk befolkning. Metod: En tvärsnittsstudie där ett stratifierat urval av 910 individer, i åldrarna 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 och 80 år erbjöds att delta i studien. I undersökningen användes den svenska kortversionen (13 frågor) av Antonovsky’s livsfrågeformulär som mäter känslan av sammanhang samt ett frågeformulär gällande oralt hälsorelaterat beteende, kunskap om samt attityder till oral hälsa. Dessutom ingick frågor gällande sociodemografiska faktorer. Totalt var det 589 individer som samtyckte att delta i studien. Resultat: Totalt var det 525 individer, 261 men och 264 kvinnor, som besvarade alla 13 frågorna i SOC frågeformuläret, vilket utgjorde det slutliga materialet vid analyserna. Bivariata analyser visade på samband mellan högre KASAM medel poäng och beteende såsom färre söta drycker och färre antal mellanmål/ dag, jämfört med individer med lägre KASAM medel poäng. Individer med högre KASAM hade också en mer positive attityd såsom påståenden om att vara nöjd med tandvården, betydelsen av att ha egna tänder när man blir äldre, nöjd med egna tänder, anser sig ha bra tänder samt ingen känsla av obehag att uppsöka tandvården. Individer med högre KASAM poäng hade även ett signifikant samband med kunskap om karies. Dessa samband, förutom variabeln söta drycker, kvarstod efter kontrollering för alla sociodemografiska faktorerna (kön, ålder, civilstånd, inkomst, utbildning och yrkesnivå). Stark KASAM och god kunskap om karies var statistiskt signifikant, efter kontrollering för ålder och kön. Sammanfattning: KASAM hade ett statistiskt signifikant samband med oralt hälsoorelaterat beteende, attityder till oral hälsa samt kunskap om karies. I arbetet med oralt hälsofrämjande arbete, skulle KASAM kunna vara ett verktyg för att främja en större förståelse för individers beteende, attityder till och kunskap om oral hälsa och  möjliggöra för tandvårdspersonal att använda denna kunskap i kommunikation med individer och grupper.

  • 14.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Känslan av sammanhang (KASAM) och oralt status bland vuxna: en epidemiologisk tvärsnittsstudie2009In: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 61-61Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Känslan av sammanhang (KASAM) är ett frågeformulär som skattar förmågan till ett hälsofrämjande beteende. Syftet var att analysera sambandet mellan KASAM, sociodemografiska faktorer samt oralt status. Material och Metod: Populationen bestod av ett stratifierat slumpmässigt urval bestående av 910 individer från Jönköping, i åldrarna 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 och 80 år. Instrument som användes var den korta versionen av KASAM (13 frågor) samt ett frågeformulär innehållande sociodemografiska frågor. En klinisk och röntgenologisk undersökning genomfördes i anslutning till utlämnandet av enkäterna. Resultat: Totalt deltog 525 individer, 261 men och 264 kvinnor. Sociodemografiska faktorer som ålder, civilstånd, inkomst och utbildning hade en statistisk signifikant association med KASAM. Bivariat analys visade att individer med högre KASAM medelvärde hade statistiskt signifikant fler karierade och fyllda ytor (DFS) och fyllda ytor (FS), färre karierade ytor, färre tänder med tandsten och bättre parodontal hälsa. Efter kontrollering för bakgrundsfaktorer såsom kön, civilstånd, inkomst, utbildning och yrkesnivå, visade det sig att individer med hög KASAM poäng hade en större risk för högre DFS och FS men mindre risk för gingivit. Efter justering för ålder, visades hög KASAM poäng ha en förklarande betydelse för gingivit och plack. Konklusion: Sociodemografiska faktorer hade ett samband med KASAM. Dessutom visade analyserna samband mellan KASAM och fler viktiga orala variabler. Ytterligare studier rekommenderas avseende sambanden mellan KASAM och oral hälsa, där bl a oralt hälsobeteende och attityder till tandvård studeras.

  • 15.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Sense of coherence and its relationship with oral health-related behaviour and knowledge of and attitudes towards oral health2011In: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, ISSN 0301-5661, E-ISSN 1600-0528, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 542-553Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:  To investigate the relationship between sense of coherence (SOC), oral health–related behaviour, knowledge of and attitudes towards oral health in an adult Swedish population.

    Methods:  A cross-sectional design with a stratified random sample of 910 individuals aged 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 years were invited to the study, from Jönköping, Sweden. The investigation used the Swedish short version of the SOC questionnaire comprising 13 items and self-reported questions about oral health habits and knowledge of and attitudes towards oral health. In addition, a self-report questionnaire to elicit demographic information was included.

    Results:  A total of 525 individuals, 261 men and 264 women, answered all the 13-item SOC questions, which constituted the final number of the participants. After adjustment for all the sociodemographic factors included in the analysis, individuals with a stronger SOC had twice as high a chance of having healthier behaviour, including a lower frequency of snacks and drinks between meals, as well as a more positive attitude, such as the importance of having one’s own teeth as one gets older, satisfaction with their own teeth, perceiving their teeth as good and no feeling of dental fear, compared with individuals with a poorer SOC. Moreover, SOC and a good knowledge of caries were significantly associated after adjustment for age and gender.

    Conclusions:  SOC was significantly associated with several oral health–related behaviours, attitudes towards oral health and knowledge of dental caries. When working with oral health promotion, SOC could be a way for promoting a better understanding of the behaviour and attitudes of individuals and for enabling dental personals to use that knowledge for the guidance of the individual.

  • 16.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    2Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Sense of coherence and oral health status in an adult Swedish population2010In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 69, p. 12-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To investigate sense of coherence in relation to oral health status in an adult Swedish population in order to better understand the determinants of positive oral health-promoting behavior and differences in oral health.

    Material and methods. A stratified random sample of 910 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden aged 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 years was obtained. The investigation used the Swedish short version of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) questionnaire comprising 13 items and a self-report questionnaire to elicit demographic information. In addition, a clinical and radiographic oral examination was performed.

    Results. A total of 525 individuals, 261 men and 264 women, consented to participate in the study. Bivariate analysis revealed that higher mean SOC scores were statistically significantly associated with more decayed and filled surfaces (DFS) and filled surfaces (FS), fewer decayed surfaces (DS), fewer teeth with calculus and periodontal health. Multivariate analysis showed that higher SOC scores represented a predictor of fewer occurrences of a periodontal probing pocket depth of ‡4 mm and a lower risk of plaque in different regression models.

    Conclusions. Higher SOC scores may be a protective determinant of plaque and periodontal disease, indicating an association between SOC and oral health.

  • 17.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Sense of coherence (SOC), a determinant to oral health status among adults?: a cross sectional population study2008In: International Research Seminar on Salutogenesis and at the 1st Research Meeting of the IUHPE Thematic Working Group on Salutogenesis, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To investigate sense of coherence in relation to oral health status. Method A stratified random sample of 910 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden, aged 20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 years old, was used. The investigation contained the Swedish 13-items version of  the SOC questionnaire and a self-reported questionnaire about demographic information. In addition an oral clinical and radiographical examination was performed. Results A total of 525 individuals participated in the study, 261 men and 264 women. Socioeconomic factors such as age, marital status, income and education had a statistical significant association to SOC. Bivariate analyse showed that higher mean SOC scores had a statistically significant relationships with more decayed filled surfaces (DFS) and filled surfaces (FS), less caries severity, less teeth with calculus and a better periodontal health. Logistic regression analysis showed that Individuals with high SOC score were predictive of high DFS and FS  but low gingivitis scores. After controlling for age, high SOC scores showed a protective effect for gingivitis and dental plaque. Conclusions Socioeconomic factors had an association with SOC. Statistical associations were found between SOC scores and oral health status with regard to several important oral clinical variables and high SOC scores may indicate a protective determinant for gingivitis and plaque.

  • 18.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Avdelning för beteende och samhällsodontologi, Institutet för odontologi, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Sense of Coherence (SOC) and Oral Health among Swedish Adults – A Population Study2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Research are suggested studying the complex causal processes to understand and explain people’s behaviour and actions in their living context, which both can be promoting or unfavourable for oral health. A way to measure health related behaviour is with sense of coherence (SOC), which estimate a person’s degree of an inside strength and attitude to the world around, and by that maintaining health. A person with high level of SOC have been seen to have an adaptive health behaviour. The aim was to investigate a person’s ability to maintaining health, in terms of Sense of coherence in relation to oral health. Method: A stratified random sample of 910 individuals from Jönkping, Sweden, aged 20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 years old, was used. The investigation contained the Swedish short version of The orientation to life questionnaire (SOC) with 13-items and a self-reported questionnaire about demographic information, oral health related behaviour and attitudes to oral health. These questionnaires were distributed in addition to the clinical and radiographical examination. Results: A total of 525 individuals participated in the study, 261 men and 264 women. Mean SOC scores increased with age, and the youngest group (20-year-olds) had a significantly lower SOC score compared to the other age groups. Bivariate results showed that individuals with higher SOC scores had statistically significant relationships with oral clinical status such as more decayed filled surfaces (DFS), less caries severity, less teeth with calculus and a higher degree of periodontal health. SOC was also significantly associated with gingivitis and dental plaque, after controlling for socioeconomic and demographic factors. Conclusions: Younger individuals had lower SOC scores compared to elderly individuals. Some statistical associations were found between SOC scores and oral health with regard to several important oral clinical variables and higher SOC scores may indicate a protective determinant for gingivitis and plaque.

     

  • 19.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Känsla av sammanhang och oral hälsaIn: Sveriges Tandhygienistförening - Nationell konferens, GöteborgConference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Det finns få studier som analyserat den komplexa interaktionen mellan biologiska, sociala och miljömässiga faktorer och dess inverkan på oral hälsa. Det finns därför behov av att öka kunskapen om dessa samband avseende individers hälso- respektive ohälsobeteende i relation till oral hälsa. Ett sätt att mäta individens hälsobeteende är med ’Känslan av sammanhang’ (KASAM), vilket skattar en persons förhållningssätt till sin omvärld, och därmed förmåga till upprätthållande av hälsa . Övergripande målsättning med forskningsprojektet är att hos vuxna individer studera och analysera personers förmåga till upprätthållande av hälsa, i termer av KASAM, i relation till oral hälsa, kost, attityder till tandvård och prevention. Material och Metod: Ett slumpmässigt urval med 589 individer från Jönköpings kommun i åldrarna 20-80 år deltog i studien. I samband med en odontologisk klinisk och röntgenologisk undersökning besvarade deltagarna frågeformulär om tandvårdsvanor, tandhälsa och Antonovsky`s frågeformulär (13 frågor). Statistiska analyser görs med hjälp av SPSS, 14.0. Resultat: Analys av KASAM och dess fördelning i en normalpopulation visar att 20-åringar har en statistiskt signifikant lägre KASAM jämfört med övriga åldersgrupper. KASAM tenderar att stiga med åldern. Äldre män har ett statistiskt signifikant högre KASAM jämfört med jämnåriga kvinnor. Preliminära resultat av KASAM och oral hälsa visar på signifikanta skillnader mellan individer med hög och låg KASAM relaterat till karies- och fyllningsfrekvens. Slutsatser: Distributionen av KASAM fördelar sig olika för olika åldrar och kön. Det föreligger ett samband mellan KASAM och oral hälsa.

  • 20.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    "Sense of coherence" and oral health in an adult population: an epidemiological study2007In: 7th conference on advances in health care science research, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim was to investigate the individual distribution regarding ‘Sense of coherence’ (SOC) and oral health in an adult population. Method: A random sample of 589 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden, aged 20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 years old, was used. Clinical and radiographical examinations were performed and a questionnaire measuring attitudes, knowledge of oral health and SOC (13-items) was included. Total SOC score and the three components; comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness which SOC is built upon was analyzed. Results: A total of 526 individuals participated in the study, 263 men and 263 women. The individual SOC score showed an increase with age, and the youngest group (20 years) had a significantly lower SOC score compared to the other age groups. Elderly men had a statistical significantly higher SOC compared to the elderly women (60 and 70 age groups). Analysing the three components, comprehensibility had statistical significantly higher mean SOC score, compared to manageability and meaningfulness. When dividing the participants into two subgroups, one with low (<66 points) and one with high (> 76 points) SOC score respectively, 55% among 20 years old had low SOC score compared to 18% for 80 years olds. The result described different personalities, depending on high and low SOC scores in comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness, according to Antonovsky´s model about the dynamic relations between the three components in SOC. Preliminary results showed that individuals with high SOC had statistical significant more number of decayed and filled surfaces (DFS) compared to individuals with low SOC. Conclusion: The distribution of SOC score differed regarding age and gender. Younger individuals had lower SOC scores compared to elderly individuals. A clear association was found between SOC scores and oral health measured by number of DFS.

  • 21.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    The distribution of 'sense of coherence' and oral health among Swedish adults: an epidemiological study2008In: Scientific conference On the occation of the 45th Foundation Anniversary cermony, DaNang, Vietnam, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Antonovsky´s concept ‘Sense of coherence’ (SOC) has shown to be related with health, and a person with high level of SOC has an adaptive health behavior. The aim was to investigate the individual distribution regarding ‘Sense of coherence’ and oral health in an adult population. Method: A random sample of 589 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden, aged 20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 years old, was used. Clinical and radio graphical examinations were performed and a questionnaire measuring attitudes, knowledge of oral health and SOC (13-items) was included. Total SOC score and the three components; comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness which SOC is built upon was analyzed. Results: A total of 526 individuals participated in the study, 263 men and 263 women. The individual SOC showed an increase with age, and the youngest group (20-year-olds) had a significantly lower SOC compared to the other age groups. Elderly men had a significantly higher SOC compared to women in the same age (60 and 70 age groups). Analysing the three components, comprehensibility has significantly lower mean, compared to manageability and meaningfulness for the 20-year-olds. When divided SOC score in low (<66 points) and high (>76 points) SOC score, 55% among 20-years-old had low SOC score compared to 18% for 80-years-old. Preliminary results showed that individuals with high SOC score had significant more number of decayed and filled surfaces (DFS) compared to individuals with low SOC. Conclusion: The distribution of SOC score differed regarding age and gender. Younger people had a lower SOC score compared to elderly age groups. A clear association was found between SOC scores and oral health measured by number of DFS.

  • 22.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. HHJ. Oral health.
    Stenström, Ulf
    Socialhögskolan, Växjö Universitet.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    Centrum för folkhälsovetenskap, Linköping.
    Oral hälsa och individens känsla av sammanhang, en epidemiologisk studie2005In: Odontologisk riksstämma, 2005Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 23.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Jansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Department of Periodontology, Centre of Oral Health Sciences, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Lannering, Christina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Region Jönköping County, Futurum, Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Johansson, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Oral health matters for the nutritional status of older persons: A population-based study2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 5-6, p. 1143-1152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between oral health and nutritional status in the context of daily care for older people.

    BACKGROUND: Oral problems often increase with age and affect a person's ability to chew and swallow. They might also influence the ability to maintain a satisfactory nutritional status. Oral health awareness is therefore of great importance in nursing care for older people.

    DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional study.

    METHODS: Data from the Swedish quality register, Senior Alert, were used, including structured assessments of both oral and nutritional status using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide-Jönköping and the Mini Nutritional Assessment. In total, 1,156 persons (mean age: 82.8 ± 7.9) had both oral and nutritional assessments registered by the nursing staff in daily care.

    RESULTS: Approximately 29% of participants had moderate oral health problems. Another 12% had severe problems. Over 60% of the persons were considered at risk of malnutrition or were malnourished. There was a weak correlation between poor nutritional status and poor oral health, and approximately one-third of the persons who were at risk or malnourished had simultaneous oral problems. A multivariate logistic regression revealed that when problems involving voice and swallowing were present, there was also a greater possibility of being assessed as at risk of malnourishment or being malnourished.

    CONCLUSION: There is a relationship between oral health problems and nutritional status, indicating the importance of evaluating oral health status in older persons with nutritional problems.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Nursing staff involved in care for older people should be aware of the importance of including regular oral health check-ups in their work. There is also a need for nursing staff members and oral health professionals to exchange knowledge.

  • 24.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Stegmayr, Birgitta
    Nilsson, Berit
    Lindahl, Bernt
    Johansson, Ingegerd
    Food selection associated with sense of coherence in adults.2005In: Nutrition Journal, ISSN 1475-2891, E-ISSN 1475-2891, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 9-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Stenström, Ulf
    Växjö Universitet.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabet
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    The distribution of 'sense of coherence' among Swedish adults: A quantitative cross-sectional population study2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Antonovsky’s concept of ‘‘sense of coherence’’ (SOC) has been shown to be related to health. The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of SOC scores and their components in an adult Swedish population aged 20–80 years.

    Methods:

    A random sample of 910 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden, aged 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 years, of which589 agreed to participate in an oral health examination. The participants answered Antonovsky’s 13-item version of ‘‘the lifeorientation questionnaire scale’’. The response to the items and the distribution of the three components ofcomprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness were analyzed for different age groups and genders using meanvalues and standard deviations, Student’s t-test and ANOVA.

    Results:

    A total of 526 individuals, 263 men and 263 women,answered all 13 questions and constituted the final material for the study (response rate 89%). The individual SOC scoreincreased with age. The 20 year olds had a statistically significantly lower SOC score compared with the other age groups and55% of them had a low SOC (≤66 points) compared with 17% of the 80 year olds. Men in the 60 and 70 year age groups hada statistically significantly higher SOC score compared with women of the same age.

    Conclusions:

    The individualdistribution of SOC varied with age and gender. Twenty year olds had a significantly lower SOC score comparedwith elderly age groups. Elderly men had a statistically significantly higher SOC score compared with women ofthe same age.

  • 26.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Intervention and Implementation Research Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Rolander, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Jöonköping, Sweden.
    Workplace health in dental care – a salutogenic approach2018In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 103-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    The purpose was to explore self-reported psychosocial health and work environments among different dental occupations and workplaces from a salutogenic perspective. A further purpose was to analyse possible associations between three salutogenic measurements: The Sense of Coherence questionnaire (SOC), the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) and the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS).

    Methods

    Employees in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish county council (n = 486) were invited to respond to a self-reported web survey including demographics, work-related factors, the SOC, the SHIS and the WEMS.

    Results

    This study showed positive associations between employee characteristics and self-reported overall psychosocial health as well as experienced work environment. Autonomy was reported more among men than women (P < 0.000) and to a higher degree by dentists and dental hygienists than dental nurses (P < 0.000). Meaningfulness, happiness, job satisfaction, autonomy and positive to reorganization were reported by personnels aged less than 40 years (P ≤ 0.047). Clinical coordinators reported significant better health (SOC, SHIS) and experienced more autonomy, better management and more positive to reorganization than other dental professions. Dental hygienists and nurses experienced less time pressure than dentists (P ≤ 0.007). Better health and positive work experiences were also seen in smaller clinics (P ≤ 0.29).

    Conclusion

    Dental professionals reported a high degree of overall psychosocial health as well as a positive work experience. Some variations could be seen between employee characteristics such as gender, years in dental care, professionals, managing position and workplace size. Identify resources and processes at each workplace are important and should be included in the employee's/employers dialogue.

  • 27.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    Centrum för folkhälsovetenskap, Linköping.
    Johansson, Ingegerd
    Avdelning för odontologi, Umeå universtitet.
    Stegmayr, Birgitta
    Avdelning för folkhälsovetenskap och klinisk medicin, Umeå universitet.
    Sense of Coherence and Food Selection in Adults2004In: Oral health and prevention during the different stages of life: Conference of International Federation of Dental hygienists 2004; Madrid, 2004, p. 1-Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  “Sense of coherence” (SOC) influences the individual´s capacity to handle events associated with health (Antonovsky, 1987). Peoples selection of eating habits may be regarded as a “life choice” (Johansson et al, 2001; Lännernäs et al, 1997; Palojoki, 1997) as it is made against the knowledge that dietary habits influence endemic diseases (Falkenberg, 2001; Wolfram, 2003).

    Aim: The aim of the study was to examine if SOC is associated with food selection.

    Method: The study population were 3,072 woman and 2,920 men, from the 1999 year WHO MONICA project in northern Sweden. Data were collected by the Antonovsky short SOC questionnaire (13 items)(Antonovsky,1987), and a semi-quantitative food questionnaire (84 items) (Johansson et al, 2001).

    Results: Both men and woman with the lowest SOC scores consumed less healthy food like vegetables and fruits but more fat and sucrose containing products than individuals with high SOC scores (t-test, ANOVA, post hoc-test).

    Conclusion: It is concluded that individuals with a low SOC score have less favorable dietary habits.

  • 28.
    Muller, Jasmin
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde.
    Harlén, Mikael
    University of Skövde.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Handlin, Linda
    University of Skövde.
    Mechanical massage and mental training programs effect employees’ heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature: An exploratory pilot study2016In: European Journal of Integrative Medicine, ISSN 1876-3820, E-ISSN 1876-3839, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 762-768Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Inability to relax and recover is suggested to be a key factor for stress-related health problems. This study aimed to investigate possible effects of mechanical massage and mental training, used either separately or in combination during working hours.

    Methods: Employees were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Mechanical massage combined with mental training (n = 19), ii) Mechanical massage (n = 19), iii) Mental training (n = 19), iv) Pause (n = 19), v) Control (n = 17). The study lasted for eight weeks. Heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature were measured at start, after four and after eight weeks.

    Results: Between-group analysis showed that heart rate differed significantly between the groups after 4 weeks (p = 0.020) and tended to differ after eight weeks (p = 0.072), with lowest levels displayed in the massage group and the control group. Blood pressure and fingertip temperature did not differ between the groups. Within-group analysis showed that mechanical massage decreased heart rate (p = 0.038) and blood pressure (systolic p = 0.019, diastolic p = 0.026) and increased fingertip temperature (p = 0.035). Mental training programs reduced heart rate (p = 0.036). Combining the two methods increased diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.028) and decreased fingertip temperature (p = 0.031). The control group had a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure during the first four weeks of the study (p = 0.038)

    Conclusion: Receiving mechanical massage and listening to mentaltraining programs, either separately or in combination, during working hours had some positive effects on the employees’ heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature. The effects were especially strong for employees who received mechanical massage only

  • 29.
    Muller, Jasmin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Handlin, Linda
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Harlén, Mikael
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    The value of armchairs in providing mechanical massage and mental relaxation programmes is not established for workplace health promotion2016In: Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, ISSN 1465-3753, E-ISSN 2042-7166, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 44-45Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Muller, Jasmin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Handlin, Linda
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Harlén, Mikael
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Ekström, Anette
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Mechanical massage and mental training programmes affect employees’ anxiety, stress susceptibility and detachment–a randomised explorative pilot study2015In: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, ISSN 1472-6882, E-ISSN 1472-6882, Vol. 15, p. 1-8, article id 302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Working people’s reduced ability to recover has been proposed as a key factor behind the increase in stress-related health problems. One not yet evidence-based preventive method designed to help employees keep healthy and be less stressed is an armchair with built-in mechanical massage and mental training programmes, This study aimed to evaluate possible effects on employees’ experience of levels of “Anxiety”, “Stress Susceptibility”, “Detachment” and “Social Desirability” when using mechanical massage and mental training programmes, both separately and in combination, during working hours.

    Methods

    Employees from four different workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Massage and mental training (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage while listening to the mental training programmes, n = 19), ii) Massage (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage only, n = 19), iii) Mental training (sitting in the armchair and listening to the mental training programmes only, n = 19), iv) Pause (sitting in the armchair but not receiving mechanical massage or listening to the mental training programmes, n = 19), v) Control (not sitting in the armchair at all, n = 17). In order to discover how the employees felt about their own health they were asked to respond to statements from the ”Swedish Scale of Personality” (SSP), immediately before the randomisation, after four weeks and after eight weeks (end-of-study).

    Results

    There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied (“Somatic Trait Anxiety”, “Psychic Trait Anxiety”, “Stress Susceptibility”, “Detachment” and “Social Desirability”) at any of the occasions. However, the massage group showed a significant decrease in the subscale “Somatic Trait Anxiety” (p = 0.032), during the entire study period. Significant decreases in the same subscale were also observed in the pause group between start and week eight (p = 0.040) as well as between week four and week eight (p = 0.049) and also in the control group between the second and third data collection (p = 0.014). The massage and mental training group showed a significant decrease in “Stress Susceptibility” between week four and week eight (p = 0.022). The pause group showed a significant increase in the subscale “Detachment” (p = 0.044).

    Conclusions

    There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied. However, when looking at each individual group separately, positive effects in their levels of “Anxiety”, “Stress Susceptibility” and “Detachment” could be seen. Although the results from this pilot study indicate some positive effects, mechanical chair massage and mental training programmes used in order to increase employee’s ability to recover, needs to be evaluated further as tools to increase the employees ability to recover.

  • 31.
    Nguyen, Thi Thu Huong
    et al.
    Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Department, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Bengtson, Ann
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Knowledge of child nutrition when breastfeeding – a study of mothers living outside Hanoi2013In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 5, no 11, p. 1853-1860Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of nutrition among mothers of children less than two years of age and changes in theoretical knowledge after a nutrition course. Method: A pilot study with a pre-post-test design. Thirty mothers of children who were less than two years of age from outside Hanoi participated in the study. The mothers’ knowledge of breastfeeding, supplementary food and diet when the child was suffering from diarrhea was collected using 19 self-reported questions. A one-day nutrition course at which the mothers answered the same questions before and after the course was run. Results: All the invited mothers were included in the study. There was a lack of knowledge about breastfeeding and nutrition at baseline, but it improved after the nutrition course. The greatest improvement in knowledge related to breastfeeding less than 30 minutes after delivery, not giving milk or fruit juice instead of breast milk, increasing the frequency of breastfeeding in the event of a smaller amount of milk and knowledge about giving supplementary food after six months. Moreover, the results revealed that the mothers reported better knowledge of the consumption and frequency of more healthy food supplements. Conclusion: There was a lack of knowledge about nutrition among the mothers with children less than two years of age. The course demonstrated effectiveness in every aspect of nutritional knowledge, tested in the post-test. The findings in this study could provide important information for authorities in the health sector to improve the nutritional state of children in the community.

  • 32.
    Norderyd, Ola
    et al.
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden;Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö, Sweden.
    Koch, Göran
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Papias, Apostolos
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Anastassaki Köhler, Alkisti
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nydell Helkimo, Anna
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Brahm, Carl-Otto
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lindfors, Ninita
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Mattsson, Anna
    Public Dental Health Service, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Rolander, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Ullbro, Christer
    UiT. The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsö, Norway.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    Dental Research Department, Public Dental Service, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Frisk, Fredrik
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Oral health of individuals aged 3-80 years in Jönköping, Sweden, during 40 years (1973-2013): I. Review of findings on oral care habits and knowledge of oral health2015In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 57-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the this study was to present data on oral care habits and knowledge of oral health in 2013, and to compare these data with results from a series of four previous cross-sectional epidemiological studies. All these studies were carried out in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, in 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013. The 1973 study constituted a random sample of 1,000 individuals evenly distributed in the age groups 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 years. The same age groups with addition of a group of 80-year-olds were included in the 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013 studies, which comprised 1,104; 1,078; 987; and 1,010 individuals, respectively.

    A questionnaire about dental care habits and knowledge of oral health was used. The questionnaire contained the same questions in all the five studies, although some had to be slightly modernised during the 40-year period.

    During the period 1973–2013, a continous increase of individuals in the age group 20–60 years were treated by the Public Dental Service amounting to about 50%. Almost 70% of the 70- and 80-year-olds were treated by private practitioners. In 2013, 10–20% of the individuals in the age groups 30–40 years did not regularly visit neither Public Dental Service nor a private practitioner. The corresponding figures for the individuals 50–80 years old were 4–7%. Similar number of avoidance was reported in the previous studies.

    In the survey 2013, about 20–30% of the individuals in the age groups 20–50 felt frightened, sick, or ill at ease at the prospect of an appointment with the dentist. These findings were in agreement with the results from the surveys 1973–2003. Among the younger age groups, 10–15 years, a reduction in self-reported "ill at ease" was found in the surveys 2003 and 2013 compared to the previous surveys in this series.

    In 2013, the knowledge of the etiology of caries was known by about 60% of the individuals which was similar to that reported 1973–2003. Twenty per cent of the individuals stated that they did not know which etiological factors that causes caries. This percentage was equivalent during the period 1973–2013. About 85% of the individuals in all age groups brushed their teeth with fluoride tooth paste at least two times a day. These frequencies have gradually increased during the 40-year period.

    Around 40% in the age groups 50–80 years used toothpicks regularly in 2013. This is a about 1/3–1/2 less compared to 2003. In the age groups 20–40 years 3–14% used toothpicks for proximal cleaning in 2013.

    In 2013, about 35% of the individuals never consumed soft drinks, in comparison with 20% in 2003. In the age groups 3–20 years about 20% were consuming soft drinks every day or several times a week, which is a reduction by half compared to 2013

  • 33.
    Norderyd, Ola
    et al.
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden;Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö, Sweden.
    Koch, Göran
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Papias, Apostolos
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Anastassaki Köhler, Alkisti
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nydell Helkimo, Anna
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Brahm, Carl-Otto
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lindfors, Ninita
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Mattsson, Anna
    Public Dental Health Service, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Rolander, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Ullbro, Christer
    UiT. The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsö, Norway.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    Dental Research Department, Public Dental Service, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Frisk, Fredrik
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Oral health of individuals aged 3-80 years in Jönköping, Sweden during 40 years (1973-2013): II. Review of clinical and radiographic findings2015In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 69-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this epidemiological study performed in 2013 was to analyze various clinical and radiographic data on oral health and compare the results to those of four cross-sectional studies carried out 1973–2003. In 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013 random samples of 1,000; 1,104; 1,078; 987; and 1,010 individuals, respectively, were studied. The individuals were evenly distributed in the age groups 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80 years. Eighty-year-olds were not included in 1973. All subjects were inhabitants of the city of Jönköping, Sweden.

    The clinical and radiographic examination assessed edentulousness, removable dentures, implants, number of teeth, caries, restorations, oral hygiene, calculus, periodontal status, and endodontic treatment.

    The frequency of edentulous individuals aged 40–70 years was 16, 12, 8, 1, and 0.3% in 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013, respectively. No complete denture wearer younger than 80-years old was found in 2013. During the 40-year period, the mean number of teeth in the age groups 30–80 years increased. In 2013, the 60-year-olds had nearly complete dentitions. Implants were found in all age groups from 30 years of age. The total number of individuals with implants was 36 in 2013. This was higher than earlier surveys, 4 in 1993, and 18 in 2003.

    The percentage of children and adults without caries and restorations increased during the 40-year period. It was found that the percentage of caries-free 3- and 5-year-olds were 79% and 69%, respectively, of the individuals in 2013. In the age groups 10–20 years, the percentage of caries-free individuals increased between 2003 and 2013. In 2013, 43% of the 15-year-olds were completely free from caries and restorations compared to 20% in 2003. In all age groups 5–60 years, DFS was lower in 2013 compared to the earlier examinations. There was no major change in DFS between 2003 and 2013 in the age groups 70 and 80 years. The most obvious change was the decrease in number of FS over the 40- year period of time. Regarding crowned teeth the most clear changes between 1973 to 2013 were the decrease in percentage of crowned teeth in the age goups 40 and 50-year-olds. The percentage of endodontically treated teeth decreased between 1973 and 2013 in all age groups.

    In age groups 10–30-year-olds a major reduction from about 30% to 15% in mean plaque score was seen between 1973–2003. Only a minor change in plaque score was seen during the last decade. For the age groups 40 years and older, a decrease in the percentage of surfaces with plaque was observed between 2003–2013. The percentage of tooth sites with gingivitis was for 20 years and older about 40% in 1973. In 2013, the percentage was about 15%. The frequency of sites with gingivitis was generally lower in 2013 compared with the other years, 1973–1993.

    The percentage of individuals with probing pocket depths >4mm increased with age. Between 2003–2013 a clear reduction was seen in all age groups in frequency of individuals with probing pocket depth >4mm. Over the 40-year period an increase in the number of individuals with no marginal bone loss and a decrease in the number of subjects with moderate alveolar bone loss were seen.

    The continuous improvement in oral health and the reduced need of restorative treatment will seriously affect the provision of dental helath care and dental delivery system in the near future.

  • 34.
    Rantzow, Veronica
    et al.
    Higher Vocational Education, Helsingborg.
    Andersson, Pia
    Kristianstad University.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Occurrence of oral health problems and planned measures in dependent older people in nursing care2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 23-24, p. 4381-4389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVE:

    To describe oral health problems and planned measures in older people receiving nursing care.

    BACKGROUND:

    Poor oral health conditions have a negative impact on the quality of life of older people. Therefore, oral care is an important task in daily nursing activities.

    METHODS:

    Data were obtained from the web-based Swedish national quality register Senior Alert. Data regarding oral health status and planned measures in individuals ≥65 years from one county in Sweden between July 2014-June 2015 were included. The Revised Oral Assessment Guide-the Jönköping (ROAG-J) was used routinely by nursing staff in nursing care facilities to measure oral health status.

    RESULTS:

    Oral assessments were made on 2,567 individuals (65.7% women). The most common oral health problem was related to "Teeth" (43.0%), which indicates deficient oral hygiene and/or broken teeth. At least one measure was planned in all the participants. The most common planned measures were "Moistening of the mouth" (16.6%), followed by "Brushing - assistance or complete help" (13.5%).

    CONCLUSION:

    Oral health problems were common, and planned measures did not seem to be sufficient to address the identified problems. The results indicate that greater priority should be given to the oral health care of older people in nursing care.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:

    The study highlights the importance of not only identifying oral health problems but also having knowledge and strategies for oral health care. Collaboration is needed to support nurses in caring for the oral health care of older people in nursing homes.

  • 35.
    Rolander, Bo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Johnston, Venerina
    Intervention and Implementation Research Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Changes in division of labour and tasks within public dentistry: relationship to employees work demands, health and work ability2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 6, p. 471-479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: By 2023, fewer dentists are expected in Sweden, at the same time as the demand for dental care is expected to increase. Older people, in particular, are expected to require more dental health than previous generations. To meet this demand, the public sector dentistry in Sweden is moving towards changes in division of labour among dental professionals, including dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses. However, the impact of this reallocation on the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of employees is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare workplaces with an equal or larger proportion of dental hygienists than dentists (HDH) with workplaces with a larger proportion of dentists than dental hygienists (HD) on the physical and psychosocial work load, musculoskeletal and psychosomatic disorders and sickness presence.

    Material: A total of 298 persons employed in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish County Council participated in this study.

    Conclusion: The medium large clinics HDH reported 85% of employee’s with considerably more high psychosocial demands compared to employees in medium HD (53%) and large HD (57%). Employees in medium large clinics HDH also reported sleep problems due to work (25%) compared with employees in medium large clinics HD (6%), large clinics HD (11%) and small clinics HDH (3%). Clinic size does not seem to influence the outcome of the HD and HD clinics to any great extent. Of all employees, about 94–100% reported high precision demands and 78–91% poor work postures.

  • 36.
    Rolander, Bo
    et al.
    Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Task reorganization within the public dental professions impacts on the health and workability of employeesIn: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37. Stenström, Ulf
    et al.
    Einarson, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Wenander, Asa
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    The importance of psychological factors in the maintenance of oral health: a study of Swedish university students2009In: Oral health & preventive dentistry, ISSN 1602-1622, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 225-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of the traditional multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) scale, a corresponding dental health locus of control (DHLC) scale and dental health values (DHVs) regarding students' dental health before and after a video programme that presented information about dental diseases and instructions on oral hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 217 university students participated in this study. Before the video programme was presented, assessments were made of MHLC, DHLC and DHVs. Plaque and gingival indices were obtained in a clinical examination conducted before (plaque index [PLI] 1 and gingival index [GI] 1) and 10 weeks after (PLI 2 and GI 2) the presentation of the programme. RESULTS: The percentage of tooth surfaces exhibiting plaque and of sites involving gingivitis decreased and was statistically significant between baseline and re-examination for both males and females. The females exhibited statistically significant better PLI 1 and GI 1 values and stronger DHVs than males. Also, better GI 1 values were found to be statistically significant and related to stronger DHVs for females. A stronger trust in the dental health personnel regarding the dental health was related to more gingivitis at the initial examination (GI 1). For males, stronger internal DHLC was related to more plaque at the final examination (PLI 2). CONCLUSION: The only psychological scales that showed some relationship to the measures of dental health were DHLC and DHVs. Gender was the strongest related variable to dental health.

  • 38.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Rolander, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Occupational balance in health professionals in Sweden2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 18-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health care employees are often women, a group that has high degrees of sick leave and perhaps problems attaining occupational balance. However, people think differently about their everyday activities and it is therefore important to take their perceptions into account but occupational balance has not yet been measured in health professionals. The aim was to describe occupational balance in three different samples of health professionals in Sweden. A further aim was to investigate whether occupational therapists (OTs) rate their occupational balance differently from other health professionals.

    Material and method: Four hundred and eighty-two health professionals, employees in public dentistry, mental health care and OTs, aged 21–70 years participated. The participants’ occupational balance was measured using the occupational balance questionnaire (OBQ).Results: The ratings of occupational balance were similar to earlier studies and did not differ significantly between the samples. The OTs’ occupational balance was also similar to that of the other health professionals.

    Conclusion: The similarities in occupational balance indicate the same difficulties in attaining it.

    Significance: The result highlights the possibility that working people face similar difficulties in achieving occupational balance. Further research is warranted about how to attain it.

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