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  • 1.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Factors affecting development of production technologies in a machining environment2014In: Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering 2014 TMCE 2014, Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering (TMCE) , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to identify critical factors forcing manufacturing companies to improve the development of production technology in a machining environment. The focus in the paper is on industrial challenges within product design and production system development when introducing new products in a machining environment. Particular attention is given to the product development process and the production equipment acquisition process. A single case study is presented, consisting of interviews, observations, document studies and an analysis of a large Swedish manufacturing company. The case study company is characterized by advanced production technology, high mechanization and high automation level. In parallel with the case study a literature review was conducted in order to identify state-of-the-art methods/models for efficient design and product introduction within a production system. The paper identifies a gap in the current way of working within the case company as well as challenges regarding the development of production technology. Based on the study, the need for future research has been identified including the need of developing an improved working support for efficient production technology development when industrializing new products.

  • 2.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Joint Development of a Manufacturing Technology: A Longitudinal Case Study within the Manufacturing Industry2015In: 22nd International Annual EurOMA Conference EurOMA15, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to compete within the manufacturing industry, there is a need to acquire and develop new manufacturing technologies to differentiate the company from others. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyse factors affecting development of a manufacturing technology in a joint development project with an equipment supplier. A longitudinal case study has been conducted at a Swedish manufacturing company and the collaboration between a manufacturing company and an equipment supplier has been studied. The findings reveal that tacit knowledge and good equipment supplier relationship are highly important factors that facilitate development of a manufacturing technology.

  • 3.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Managing early manufacturing technology development phases and key activities2016In: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to compete within the manufacturing industry, there is a need to acquire and develop new manufacturing technologies to differentiate the company from others. This paper builds on extant operations management and innovation management literature with the focus on how to managing early manufacturing technology development. A multiple case study has been conducted at a Swedish manufacturing company in the automotive industry and our paper proposes a conceptual process for early manufacturing technology development and the key activities therein. The findings are relevant for managers working with long-term development and the paper concludes by discussing implications and research limitations.

  • 4.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Manufacturing Technology Readiness Assessment2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze and discuss how the MRL scale can support the assessment of a manufacturing technology’s maturity level. A single case study within the manufacturing industry has been conducted investigating the use of a MRL scale. An assessment of MRL 4 has been studied.

  • 5.
    Andersen, Ann-Louise
    et al.
    Aalborg Univ, Denmark.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Reconfigurable Manufacturing - An Enabler for a Production System Portfolio Approach2016In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier, 2016, p. 139-144Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the development of a strategically integrated product and production system portfolio could be enabled by the concept of reconfigurable manufacturing. In previous research, several critical challenges related to developing production system portfolios have been identified, but it has not been investigated how developing a reconfigurable manufacturing concept could aid some of these. Therefore, through a multiple case study, these critical challenges have been investigated in two companies that have recently developed reconfigurable manufacturing concepts for multiple variants and generations of products. The findings reveal that the companies need to deal with several challenges in order to enable a functioning RMS. By running the project separately from the NPD project and to include several product types and production sites the company overcome several challenges. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för innovation, design och produktutveckling.
    Jackson, Mats
    Efficient logistics development through regional collaboration2004In: Proceedings of the 6th research and application conference of PLAN 2004, 2004, p. 12-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Spatial design supporting the management of radical improvements within the manufacturing industry2013In: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on engineering Design, Seoul, Korea, Dem. Republic of: the Design Society , 2013, p. 129-138Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important for the manufacturing industry to become more innovative. Doing what we always have done is not enough. External pressure and the required speed of change, requires industry to improve the management of incremental and radical improvement work. There is thus a need for new methods, tools, and processes to improve the innovative capabilities. In this paper we discuss the use of spatial design to support the management of radical improvement within the manufacturing industry. The designs of the physical spaces are in the paper presented as frames that are cultivating, facilitating and enabling radical improvement without imposing a regime of control and forced change. The spatial design enables the process and contributes to an ecosystem supporting radical improvement. To better manage radical improvement processes, one option suggested in this paper is to create five dedicated places - five enabling frames - for five phases in a radical improvement process, firstly to bring attention to the different phases of the process and secondly to support the actions in each part.

  • 8.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploring optimal flexible assembly systems2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a prominent part of manufacturing system, assembly system provides a platform for increasing efficiency while delivering various market demands. However, due to the lack of a unified and clear definition of flexibility in assembly systems, the recognition of optimal flexibility in assembly system without clashing with efficiency still remains elusive. In order to establish a sound basis to discuss the characteristics of flexible assembly and to address the question of reaching optimal flexibility, this paper makes use of a case study performed in five manufacturing plants. The study proposes a clear definition for flexible assembly and identifies six enablers for flexibility in assembly systems. Further in this research the applicability of few different types of manufacturing flexibility in assembly system is investigated. The paper concludes with discussions and suggestions for future research.

  • 9.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The Essential Constituents of Flexible Assembly Systems: A Case Study in the Heavy Vehicle Manufacturing Industry2015In: Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, ISSN 0972-2696, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 235-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The major challenge of today’s manufacturing industry in tackling demands for a wider range of products with short life-cycle times and meeting customisation requirements has drawn considerable attention towards flexibility in manufacturing systems. As a prominent part of a manufacturing system, an assembly system provides a platform for increasing efficiency while delivering various market demands. However, owing to the dearth of a unified and clear definition of the constituents of flexible assembly systems, in both theory and practice, the recognition of flexibility in assembly systems still remains elusive. In order to establish a sound base for discussing the constituents of flexible assembly systems, this research paper explores the literature concerning flexibility in manufacturing and assembly as well as in flexible systems management domains. To reflect an industrial perspective, a multiple case study of five manufacturing plants in the heavy vehicle industry is performed. By identifying six essential constituents of flexibility in assembly systems, the study proposes a clear definition of flexibility in assembly systems which mainly revolves around mix and volume flexibility. To further enhance the findings, the compatibility of a few previously identified types of manufacturing flexibility in the assembly systems of the case plants is investigated and additional dimensions of flexibility in assembly systems are revealed. Finally, the implications for theory and practice as well as suggestions for future research are discussed.

  • 10.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Drivers of complexity in a flexible assembly system - A case study2015In: 48th CIRP International Conference on Manufacturing Systems (CIRP CMS 2015): Key Enabling Technologies for the Factories of the Future: Proceedings of a meeting held 24-26 June 2015, Ischia, Italy / [ed] Roberto Teti, Elsevier, 2015, p. 189-194Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Various ever-changing market demands have propelled manufacturing companies to offer product variety in an efficient and timely manner. Assembly as a key stage of manufacturing process is used to realise product variety through establishing mixed-product assembly systems. Although establishing a flexible mixed-product assembly system which both offers product variety and absorbs market demands fluctuation is pivotal for maintaining competitive edge in certain industries such as vehicle manufacturing, it is also considered an elaborate task which calls for further investigation. In this paper, complexity in a flexible mixed-product assembly line is investigated and the key drivers of complexity are identified. To fulfil the research objective, a case study during the pilot implementation of a flexible mixed-product assembly concept in a heavy vehicle manufacturing company has been conducted. The results indicate the key factors concerning assembly process, product design, and information and communication technology (ICT) which contribute to complexity in the flexible assembly system. The paper concludes with an outlook for possible future research.

  • 11.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Handling product variety in a mixed-product assembly line: A case study2015In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Volume 4, Issue DS 80-04 / [ed] Cantamessa M.,Graziosi S.,Weber C.,Cascini G.,Husung S.,Marjanovic D., The Design Society, 2015, p. 41-50Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s fast-changing global market, using mixed-product assembly lines (MPALs) and mixed-model assembly lines (MMALs) allows manufacturing companies to be flexible and to maintain their competitive edge through product variety. Balancing and sequencing issues have been recognized as the main challenges of MPALs and MMALs, but other practical needs of MPALs remain unclear. Recognizing the practical needs of MPALs helps in identifying related requirements for product design, leading to products that closely align with the MPAL concept. The objective of this paper is to offer an industrial perspective on the needs of MPALs and to identify its requirements vis-à-vis product design. To achieve this objective, a single real-time case study in a heavy-vehicle-manufacturing company has been performed. The results from this industrial case study suggest that in order to handle product variety in MPALs and to reduce the related complexity, certain dimensions of flexibility need to be created in the assembly system, and requirements related to product design should be considered simultaneously in order to support assembly processes.

  • 12.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Identification of the causes of complexity in mixed-product and mixed-model assembly lines2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing demands for product variety have directed manufacturing companies towards accommodating flexibility by establishing mixed-product and mixed-model assembly lines. However, since greater variety leads to increased complexity, establishing these assembly lines becomes complicated. By conducting a case study, this paper investigates the causes of complexity and the applicability of assembly instructions in one mixed-product and four mixed-model assembly lines in a heavy vehicle manufacturing company. The results indicate a set of causes for complexity and highlight the significance of assembly instructions, as the practical implications for development of flexible assembly systems and design of products closely aligned with them.

  • 13.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Schedin, Joel
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Considering assembly requirement specifications in product development: identification and approach2014In: FAIM 2014 - Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: Capturing Competitive Advantage via Advanced Manufacturing and Enterprise Transformation, Curran Associates, Inc., 2014, p. 969-976Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the major advantages such as reduced time to market and improved quality at lowered cost, the principles of design for assembly capabilities and concurrent engineering are of great significance when developing new products. However, identifying assembly requirement specifications and considering them in New Product Development (NPD) in a timely manner, while securing efficiency and robustness of assembly processes, still remains a challenging task. In presenting a case study of an NPD project in a manufacturing company, this article focuses on the process of capturing and incorporating the requirements related to the assembly system during the early phases of NPD. Further, the results of the research study indicate the different assembly requirements in the case company and pinpoint the challenges in practices involved in handling them. The assembly requirements identified in this research reflect some of the challenges encountered in handling the requirements, through the investigated requirement practice. Based on the results, the issues of when and how to consider the assembly requirements are highlighted in the conclusions and suggestions for future research are made.

  • 14.
    Ask, Andréas
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för innovation, design och produktutveckling.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Factory-in-a-Box: An Enabler to Realize Mass Customization2006In: Proceedings of the international conference on agile manufacturing, ICAM 2006, 2006, p. 44-54Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Bellgran, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Yamamoto, Yuji
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Kaizen and Kaikaku–: Recent challenges and support models2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Elfving, Sofi
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    The Factory-in-a-Box Concept and Its Maintenance Application2006In: Proceedings of the 19th International Congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering Management, Luleå, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The “Factory-in-a-Box” concept is currently being developed in a Swedish research project and consists of standardized production modules that are installed in a container and transported by e.g. a truck or by train. The modules may rapidly be combined into production systems that can be reconfigured for a new product and/or scaled to handle new volumes. The key features of this futuristic production system concept are thus flexibility, mobility, and speed. The objective with this paper is to discuss how research within the area of maintenance and condition monitoring will help realizing flexibility, mobility, and speed within the Factory-in-a-Box concept. The paper presents how maintenance will be an important enabler in the Factory-in-a-Box project and will explain and describe how maintenance should be used in achieving high availability.

  • 17.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Important Aspect to take into Consideration when deciding to Implement Condition Based Maintenance2004In: Proceedings of the 17th International Congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering Management, Cambridge, UK, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As more companies have started seeing the maintenance department as a profit generating function more focus has been directed on different maintenance strategies. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) and Reliability-Centered Maintenance (RCM) are two of the most well known maintenance strategies that in the last 20 years have been used frequently in the manufacturing and aircraft industry. To perform maintenance actions in the corrective or the preventive approach is though still a present issue. The predictive maintenance technology Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) has in the past years been receiving good reviews although it is not to a great extent utilized within Swedish industry. One reason for this might be that there is a lack of organizational research within CBM in terms of implementation strategies and applied CBM, i.e. how to implement and run a successful CBM program. The objective with this paper is to, through a case study, illustrate and highlight important aspects companies have to consider when a decision to implement CBM has arisen. The results of the case are not very controversially and many similarities can be drawn to general literature on change and implementation processes.

  • 18.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för innovation, design och produktutveckling.
    Olsson, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för datavetenskap och elektronik.
    Funk, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för datavetenskap och elektronik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för innovation, design och produktutveckling.
    Technical Design of Condition Based Maintenance Systems: A Case Study using Sound Analysis and Case-Based Reasoning2004In: 8th International Conference of Maintenance and Realiability, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bojesson, Catarina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Linking development efficiency, effectiveness, and process improvements2014In: Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering 2014 TMCE 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Bojesson, Catarina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Strömberg, Anette
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rethinking effectiveness: Addressing managerial paradoxes by using a process perspective on effectiveness2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Carlsson, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Strömberg, Anette
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Phases of Co-Production: Follow-up Research on the Industrial Research School INNOFACTURE2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mälardalen Univerity is characterised by its close collaboration with companies and with the public sector in the region. A main strategic directions of the university is to develop co-production with partner companies, expressed in the university vision “A Strong MDH – the Coproducing University”. The concept ’co-production’ is in this paper used interchangeably with concept ’co-creation’, emphasising our view of equal participation and interaction with the goal of knowledge, that by the company can be made useful outside the university (see Terblanche, 2014). Based on Mälardalen University’s vision, co-production is a main goal for the Innovation and Product Realization (IPR) environment. IPR is located at the School of Innovation, Design and Engineering and has a common graduate education with three mutually supportive cooperating research groups: Product realization, Innovation management, and Information design. Here ideas from different fields and cultures meet, creating new ideas, possibilities, and knowledge as a result. The approach to develop new insights and knowledge in order to address societal challenges, through working closer between academics and research users, has a potential to improve how research is conducted. Still, there are many questions and challenges in this approach, with need of development: How is research and research education framed and undertaken? What constitutes co-production? What distinguishes reseach in co-production from other forms of research? What are the benefits and barriers of co-production? As we shall see, the follow-up research aim to contribute to how our third level education in a co-production environment can be undertaken.

  • 22.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Schedin, Joel
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Development projects, stage-gate models, and degree of newness: Examining the correlation from a production perspective2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies have adopted stage-gate models to manage different types of development projects, which can vary in degree of newness. Currently, there is limited research on how the development projects, stage-gate models and degree of newness are correlated in practice from a production perspective. Based on a case study at a manufacturing company, this paper examines correlations from a production perspective. The results show that the company runs nine types of development projects in production, and uses two forms of stage-gate models. The degree of newness is not addressed in a structured way in production compared to the product development process.

  • 23.
    Eklund, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Internal Materials Handling in a Lean Manufacturing Environment: Challenges and a Design Process from an Industrial Perspective2009In: Proceedings of The International 3'rd Swedish Production Symposium, SPS '09, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Ekman, Sten
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    The Need for a New Innovative Product Development Approach2006In: Proceedings of the 9th International Design Conference DESIGN 2006, 2006, p. 519-526Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Elfving, Sofi
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för innovation, design och produktutveckling.
    Jackson, Mats
    A Model for Evaluating and Improving Collaborative Product Development2005In: Proceedings ICED 05, the 15th International Conference on Engineering Design, Volume DS 35, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Fagerström, Björn
    et al.
    Envirotainer Engineering AB, Sweden; Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Efficient collaboration between main and sub-suppliers2002In: Computers in industry (Print), ISSN 0166-3615, E-ISSN 1872-6194, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 25-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many sub-suppliers are interested in closer integration with main suppliers for product development. However, main suppliers have much work that needs to be coordinated, and close integration with suppliers is used only when it is required, and when additional value is created through integration. The main objective of this paper, is therefore, to discuss different supplier roles and increase the understanding of how suppliers can be integrated with the main supplier. The result is based on a case study with one main supplier and nine of its sub-suppliers, where the main supplier develops, assembles, and delivers a complete, complex product to the customer, and the sub-suppliers develop and manufacture sub-systems for the main supplier. The results give new insights into what the sub-suppliers could do in order to improve integration with the main supplier.

  • 27.
    Flores Garcia, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Towards a Reduction of Uncertainty in Production System Design Decisions2016In: Swedish Production Symposium 2016 SPS 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A tenet of production system design is to increase a manufacturing company’s competitiveness by introducing novel processes, technologies, and products. However, uncertainties exist regarding the actual benefits that can be attained when novelty and change are introduced into a production system. Addressing this issue, this paper explores how manufacturing companies can reduce uncertainties that challenge production system design decisions when significant changes are introduced into the production system. A real-time case study at a Swedish manufacturing company that decided to change its existing product specific assembly system to a multi-product assembly one was performed. Empirical results identify uncertainties challenging production system design configuration, and the activities targeting reduction of uncertainty. To extend current theory, empirical case study data is synthesized with current findings in production system design decisions, and uncertainty reduction in product design decisions. The paper concludes that information acquisition, uncertainty prioritization, project member background, and complexity of change influence uncertainty reduction in production system design decisions. Managerial implications highlight the importance of information acquisition and a structured approach when reducing uncertainties necessary to achieve an efficient and effective production system design. Thus, academic approaches to uncertainty reduction could benefit manufacturing practice.

  • 28.
    Flores Garcia, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Volvo construction equipment, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    A Virtual Verification Approach Towards Evaluating a Multi-Product Assembly Systems2014In: Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014, Göteborg, Sweden, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing operational complexity and higher variety of products require flexibility in assembly. Despite its many benefits flexibility is a complex concept that requires evaluation to harness its full potential. This study uses virtual verification tools as enablers of the decision making process for production system design of a flexible multi-product assembly system. A case study approach analyses a flexible assembly concept for the earth moving equipment industry through a visual and a discrete event simulation model. The paper also discusses the challenges faced by virtual verification tools when applied to the evaluation of flexible assembly systems.

  • 29.
    Flores Garcia, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Simulation in the Production System Design Process of Assembly Systems2015In: Proceedings of the 2015 Winter Simulation Conference, IEEE, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Effective production systems are necessary for companies to achieve competitiveness in manufacturing, and the production system design process is fundamental to meet this goal. Discrete event simulation is a tool that can support the production system design process. However, few empirical studies have shown the use of this tool prior to the verification of an already chosen alternative, or an implemented production system solution. There is a need to explore how discrete event simulation can be used in the production system design process. A case study at a global manufacturing company, that used this tool in the design of its assembly system, is presented. The results of this study show where and for what purpose were the DES models used for in the production system design process. This study concludes that DES can support this activity and suggestions for future research are made.

  • 30.
    Funk, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Experience based diagnostic and condition based maintenence within production systems2005In: Proceedings of COMADEM 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Friedler, Niklas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hellström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Carnbo, Linda
    The concept of Lean Automation - a pilot installation2012In: Proceedings of the 5th International Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 12, 6-8 November 2012, Linköping, Sweden, Svenska Produktionsakademien , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hällkvist, Annica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Realizing a Factory-in-a-Box Solution in a Local Manufacturing Environment2009In: 42nd CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Grenoble, France, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Meeting customer demands require manufacturing systems with a high degree of flexibility in the same time as the use of automation is becoming critical for competition. This is challenging, especially for SMEs with their inferior economical and competence conditions. This paper presents a new set up where the Factory-in-a-Box concept has been realized for a small manufacturing company with a profile of craftsmanship and small volumes. The objective of this paper is to discuss the possibility for SMEs to use automation and the Factory-in-a-box-concept to stay competitive and also the Factory-in-a-Box concept as means for realizing a Product-Service System.

  • 33.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Logistics Automation - an Enabler for Competing2008In: Management in Logistics Networks and Nodes: Concepts, Technology and Applications, Hamburg: Schmidt Erich Verlag , 2008, p. 129-146Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today´s business environment is dominated by uncertainty and fast changes which result in the need for companies, in all lines of businesses, to focus on logistics in a greater extent than before. Companies need to attain high resource usage, low level of tied up capital as well as high delivery accuracy. One way to achieve this is with the help of logistics automation. This paper presents the result of a study conducted at different SMEs. Issues the study includes are: to what extent SMEs applies logistics automation; the interest, knowledge and needs for improving the supply chain; problem areas and difficulties for SMEs concerning logistics automation and future industrial needs.

  • 34.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Managing automation development projects: A comparison of industrial needs and existing theoretical suppor2013In: Advances in Sustainable and Competitive Manufacturing Systems: 23rd International Conference on Flexible Automation & Intelligent Manufacturing, Springer , 2013, p. 761-774Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of automation can increase competitiveness but does not guarantee advantageous results. The right choice of technology and correct implementation and use is the key to a successful outcome. This in turn puts great demands on how automation development projects are managed. The aim of this paper is to make a comparison between industrial needs and existing theoretical support associated with managing automation development projects. Through a multiple case study, challenges and success factors related to managing automation projects have been identified. The empirical findings are compared with automation development support found in literature. The results from the empirical study indicate the need for improved process models and clear strategy connected to automation development. The importance of an overall view and planning during automation projects is highlighted as a success factor while difficulties in collaborating with third parties is identified as existing challenges. It is concluded that the support in literature deals with many of the identified challenges and success factors and offers some support for specific parts of the automation development project. There is however still need for an overall framework connecting existing theoretical support, and suggesting how strategy can be connected to the process of developing automation.

  • 35.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Stålberg, Lina
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter E
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploration and Exploitation within Operations2015In: International journal of economics and management engineering, ISSN 2225-742X, E-ISSN 2226-7344, Vol. 9, no 8, p. 2666-2671Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exploration and exploitation capabilities are both important within Operations as means for improvement when managed separately, and for establishing dynamic improvement capabilities when combined in balance. However, it is unclear what exploration and exploitation capabilities imply in improvement and development work within an Operations context. So, in order to better understand how to develop exploration and exploitation capabilities within Operations, the main characteristics of these constructs needs to be identified and further understood. Thus, the objective of this research is to increase the understanding about exploitation and exploration characteristics, to concretize what they translates to within the context of improvement and development work in an Operations unit, and to identify practical challenges. A literature review and a case study are presented. In the literature review, different interpretations of exploration and exploitation are portrayed, key characteristics have been identified, and a deepened understanding of exploration and exploitation characteristics is described. The case in the study is an Operations unit, and the aim is to explore to what extent and in what ways exploration and exploitation activities are part of the improvement structures and processes. The contribution includes an identification of key characteristics of exploitation and exploration, as well as an interpretation of the constructs. Further, some practical challenges are identified. For instance, exploration activities tend to be given low priority, both in daily work as in the manufacturing strategy. Also, the overall understanding about the concepts of exploitation and exploration (or any similar aspect of dynamic improvement capabilities) is very low.

  • 36.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hellström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Robotics for SME´s – Investigating a Mobile, Flexible, and Reconfigurable Robot Solution2008In: 39th International Symposium on Robotics, ISR 2008, 2008, p. 56-61Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s  business  environment  is  dominated  by  change and  uncertainty,  and  success  within  manufacturing  is becoming  more  and  more  difficult  to  sustain.  Also,  many European  manufacturing  companies  experience  low availability  of  human  resources  and  recruitment  problems. One way to handle this challenge and improve a company’s efficiency  could  be  to  invest  in  automation  and  industrial robotics.  However,  robot  automation  investments  are  in many  cases  still  too  difficult  and  too  technically  advanced especially  for small and medium sized enterprises. There  is need  for automated systems with an acceptable  investment, high  efficiency,  high  adaptability,  and with  such  flexibility that  it may produce  several different products  and  adapt  to future product variants without large additional investments. Thus,  the  concepts  of  flexibility  and  reconfigurability  are becoming  increasingly  important  within  manufacturing systems and robotic work stations. The objective of  this paper  is  to  investigate  the need  for flexible  and  reconfigurable  industrial  robot  systems  and  to present  some  possible  solutions  for  how  the  concept  of mobile  industrial  robotics  can  be  applied  within  industry, and  specifically  at  small  and  medium  sized  enterprises (SMEs). A conceptual solution for a mobile  industrial robot will be presented and evaluated in terms of applicability for a manufacturing SME. The  result  of  this  evaluation  is  that the concept of mobile  industrial robotics may be an enabler for  SMEs  to  overcome  the  barrier  to  invest  in  industrial robotics. However,  several  technical  developments  have  to be  accomplished  to  open  up  the  market  for  this  type  of solutions, and the common attitude of the SME would have to  be  changed  to  become  more  receptive  to  this  type  of highly  technological  solution,  i.e.  the perceived complexity of the highly complex system has to be low.  

  • 37.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    How to Improve the Use of Industrial Robots in Lean Manufacturing Systems2011In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 22, no 7, p. 891-905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to identify how industrial robotics fits into lean manufacturing systems. This paper presents results from case studies where Swedish and Japanese manufacturing industries have been compared in order to identify differences on how advancedmanufacturing technologies and industrial robotics are utilized. Design/methodology/approach: The research has been conducted via case studies where researchers from academia have worked together with industrial companies. During the case studies, the results of interviews, observations and data collection in the form of performance measures and historical production data have been analyzed. Findings: This paper highlights some of the differences between how Swedish and Japanese companies work with industrial robotics. It also proposes some key areas where development could lead to better integration of industrial robotics into lean manufacturing systems. Originality/value: This research has been performed with the intention of identifying how manufacturing industries could increase their competitiveness through industrial robotautomation. The companies involved in the research project have received feedback on their automation solutions. The overall goal is to create a guideline for how to design industrial robotic work cells that can easily be integrated into lean manufacturing systems. This research area is important in order to increase competitiveness in industry. It is thus of value for both industry and the scientific community.

  • 38.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Industrial robotics in the lean enterprise – a case study2008In: Advances in Manufacturing Technology - XXII: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Manufacturing Research, 9-11 September, 2008, 2008, p. 171-180Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The  globalization  and  the  increasing  challenge  from  low-wage  competitors  highlight the need for European industries to enhance their ability to develop and manufacture products  competitively.  Meeting  customer  demands  requires  a  high  degree  of flexibility,  low-cost/low-volume  manufacturing  skills  and  an  ability  to  offer  short delivery times. In order to stay competitive, many manufacturing industries are trying to  implement  the  unique management  principles  and  practices  of  the Toyota Motor Corporation’s with many different names as e.g. “The Toyota Production System” or “Lean  production”.  One  question  and  debate  within  industry,  during  the transformation  towards  lean manufacturing  is whether  traditional robot automation fits  the principles and practices of  lean? This paper resents a case  study which has investigated  if  industrial  robot automation has a place  in a manufacturing  company pursuing the lean philosophy. The case study is based on one manufacturing company in  Sweden  that  is  currently  implementing  a  transformation  towards  a  lean-based production  system. The  case  study was performed  using  interviews  at  the  company, observation at the manufacturing plant, and workshops together with key-employees at the company. The results from the case study show that there is a need to align the company’s  present  robotic  equipment  and  machinery  towards  lean  principles.  The lean transformation within the company  is based on increased availability, controlled buffers, a more open  layout, and flow-based manufacturing with reduced batch sizes which all effect the equipment and machinery. In order for the robot automation to fit lean  principles  and  practices  there  is  a  need  for  development  of  robotized working cells  with  increased  availability,  reduced  set-up  times  by  improving  the  ability  for easily  reconfiguration,  and  improved  information  design  to  clearly  present  visual information and options to the operators.

  • 39.
    Hedelind, Mikael
    et al.
    Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development Mälardalen University.
    Jackson, Mats
    Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development Mälardalen University.
    Funk, Peter
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering Mälardalen University.
    Stahre, Johan
    Department of Product and Production Development Chalmers University of Technology.
    Söderberg, Rikard
    Department of Product and Production Development Chalmers University of Technology.
    Carlsson, Johan
    Department of Industrial Mathematics Fraunhofer Chalmers Research Centre.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Winroth, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Factory-in-a-Box - Solutions for Availability and Mobility of Flexible Production Capacity2007In: The Swedish Production Symposium, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to present examples of how to realize a flexible and reconfigurable production system. An ongoing research project in Sweden called Factory-in-a-Box will be presented which is one research initiative within this area. The purpose of the Factory-in-a-Box project is to develop solutions for mobile production capacity on demand. Three key features have been identified as enablers for these kinds of production capabilities: mobility, flexibility, and speed. The concept consists of standardized modules that can be installed in e.g. containers and easily transported by trucks, rail vehicles, and boats. The modules can easily be combined into complete production systems and reconfigured for new products and/or scaled to handle new volumes. The goal of the Factory-in-a-Box project is to build fully operative production modules that are developed in close cooperation between different academic and industrial partners. This paper will present the results from these demonstrators giving examples of the usability of the Factory-in-a-Box concept in industry.

  • 40.
    Hägg, Anette
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för innovation, design och produktutveckling.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för innovation, design och produktutveckling.
    Granlund, Åsa
    Need for strategic rightsourcing decision model: Case studies at ABB and Volvo2004In: Proceedings of the TMCE 2004, 2004, p. 1033-1042Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies of today act on a global competitive market. This dynamic business environment requires operational efficiency and capabilities to produce and develop products and services required by the market at the necessary rate of change. To achieve this many companies focus on core competencies, moving the rest to external suppliers. The trend has therefore turned from producing internally to buying from external suppliers. The objective in this paper is to identify critical parameters, which affects (or are affected) by the make or buy decision, based on the two case studies. This paper is based upon a literature overview and two case studies conducted at Volvo and ABB in Sweden. Both companies have out-sourced different components. Some of the parameters found in the case studies are; competitive priorities, resources, the logistic cost, core competencies, the feed-back loop and long time survival. The case study shows that not all outsourcing cases were such a success as expected, indicating the need for a "Rightsourcing model".

  • 41.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Competitive production systems and information management2002In: Proceedings of ISR 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Dimensions of the Concept of Mobile Manufacturing2007In: Proceedings of CARV 2nd International Conference on Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Fault Diagnosis of Industrial Robots using Acoustic Signals and Case-Based Reasoning2004In: 7th European Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, Madrid, Spain, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In industrial manufacturing rigorous testing is used to ensure that the delivered products meet their specifications. Mechanical maladjustment or faults often show their presence as deviations compared to a normal sound pro-file. This is the case in robot assembly, the selected application domain for the system. Manual diagnosis based on sound requires extensive experience, and the experience is often acquired through costly mistakes and reduced production efficiency or quality loss caused by missed faults. The acquired experience is also difficult to preserve and transfer, and often lost if personnel leave the task of testing and fault diagnosis. We propose a Case-Based Reasoning approach to collect and preserve experience. The solution enables fast experience transfer and leads to less experienced personnel required to make more reliable and informed testing. Sounds from normal and faulty equipment are recorded and stored in a case library together with a diagnosis. Addition of new validated sound profiles continuously improves the system’s performance. The system can preserve and transfer experience between technicians, reducing overall fault identification time and increases quality by reduced number of missed faults. The original sound recordings are stored in form of the extracted features to-gether with other experience, e.g. instructions, additional tests, advice, user feedback etc.

  • 44.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Is it possible to compete with internal production?2002In: Proceedings of ISR 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Managing Production Requirements within Product Development2003In: Proceeding of the TMCE conference, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Manufacturing competition through the factory in a box concept2007In: 18th Annual Conference of the Production and Operations Management Society, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Productivity: An Overall Measure of Competitiveness1999In: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, Leuven: Katholieke Univ. Leuven , 1999Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Visionary production systems and Industrial IT2002In: Proceedings of ISR 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Factory-in-a-box - Demonstrating the next generation manufacturing provider2008In: Manufacturing systems and technologies for the new frontier / [ed] Mamoru Mitsuishi, Kanji Ueda and Fumihiko Kimura, Springer London , 2008, p. 341-346Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Meeting customer demands require manufacturing systems with a high degree of flexibility, low-cost/low-volume manufacturing skills, as well as short delivery times. On top of these challenges, there is a gigantic need within industry for technologies and strategies that will reduce CO(2) emissions globally. In this challenging environment there is a need to identify and develop new and improved manufacturing capabilities within the manufacturing industry. The Factory-in-a-Box concept consists of standardized production modules that are e.g. installed in a container and transported by truck or by train. The concept has been developed, exemplified and realized in five industrial demonstrators developed by researchers together with competitive manufacturing companies in Sweden such as ABB Robotics, Bombardier and Pharmadule. The objective of this paper is to discuss the possibility of realizing a Product Service System (PSS) using the results from the Factory-in-a-Box project.

  • 50.
    Jackson, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Ekman, Sten
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wikström, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Innovation and Design Inspired Product Realization2009In: DS 58-3: Proceedings of ICED 09, the 17th International Conference on Engineering Design, Stanford, 2009, p. 263-274Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long term growth and future jobs in society rely on that industry is able to realize new sustainable product ideas and develop these to profitable products in the market. This encompasses both short time-to-market and continuous development and adaption of existing products and processes to improve productivity. Innovative skills are required in both product/service development and in product/service introduction. Thus, there is a need for new innovative methods and models that supports and strengthens industry in generating new ideas and realizing these into successful products and improved processes. This paper discusses and compares engineering design, innovation, and design. The paper argues that there is a need to integrate the disciplines and work practices of innovation and design in the engineering design field and to build multi-disciplinary environments to be successful in research, education and in industry. A conceptual framework for innovation and design inspired product realization is presented in the paper. 

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