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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Ebba
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Eriksson, Ellen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Inkorporering av logistik i byggprojektering: För effektivare materialhantering i byggproduktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Studien avser att undersöka hur inkorporering av logistik i byggprojektering kan effektivisera materialhanteringen i byggproduktion som bedrivs av SME. För att uppnå syftet kommer frågeställningarna nedan besvaras:Hur uppstår slöserier vid materialhantering i byggproduktion?Hur kan inkorporering av logistik i byggprojektering minimera slöserier i byggproduktion?

    Metod – För att uppnå studiens syfte har en fallstudie genomförts på ett specifikt byggprojekt där byggentreprenören är ett SME. Datainsamlingen har skett genom en fallstudie där datainsamlingstekniker som intervjuer, observationer och dokumentstudier har använts. Den insamlade empirin har analyserats mot studiens referensram för att uppfylla studiens syfte.

    Resultat – Inledningsvis identifierades icke värdeskapande aktiviteter i byggproduktionens materialhantering. De slöserier som identifierades är väntan, lager, överarbete, rörelse, omarbete samt medarbetarnas outnyttjade kreativitet. Utifrån framtagen empiri, litteratur och diskussion mellan författarna har logistikverktyg tagits fram för att hantera de aktiviteter som inte skapar värde. I studien framkom det att det finns ett bristande logistiktänk i byggprojekt som bedrivs av SME. Det visades vara bristfällig planering av hur material bör hanteras, vilket författarna anser har en negativ påverkan på effektiviteten i byggproduktion. De framtagna logistikverktygen kan skapa möjlighet till effektivare byggproduktion, där effekten anses bli större om de implementeras under byggprojektering.

    Implikationer – Genom att undersöka hur slöserier uppstår kan de förebyggas med föreslagna logistikverktyg under byggprojektering och därmed skapa en effektivare byggproduktion för SME. De teoretiska implikationerna hjälper till att överbygga det forskningsgap som finns kring hur logistik bör inkorporeras i byggprojektering för att effektivisera materialhanteringen, specifikt för SME.

    Metoddiskussion – Studien som genomförts var av enfallsdesign då fallstudien har utförts på ett specifikt byggprojekt. För att ge en ökad grund för diskussion hade fler byggprojekt kunnat studeras inom fallstudien. Detta för att styrka det resultat som framkommit.

    Nyckelord – Byggprojekt, logistik, materialhantering, Lean Construction, SME

  • 2.
    Adlemo, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Datateknik och informatik.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Datateknik och informatik, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Fuzzy logic based decision-support for reshoring decisions2018Inngår i: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Adlemo, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Datateknik och informatik.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Datateknik och informatik, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Eriksson, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Knowledge intensive decision support for reshoring decisions2018Inngår i: Proceedings of the 30th Annual NOFOMA Conference: Relevant Logistics and Supply Chain Management Research, Kolding, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Adlemo, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Datateknik och informatik.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Datateknik och informatik, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Eriksson, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Reshoring decision support in a Swedish context2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a decision-support system for reshoring decision-making based on fuzzy logic. The construction and functionality of the decision-support system are described, and the functionality is evaluated in a high cost environment exemplified through a Swedish context. Ten different reshoring scenarios, provided by Swedish reshoring experts, are entered into the decision-support system and the decision recommendations provided by the system are presented. The confidence that can be put on the recommendations is demonstrated by comparing them with those of the reshoring experts. The positive results obtained indicate that fuzzy logic is both feasible and that the quality of the results are sufficiently good for reshoring decision-making.

  • 5.
    Al Doory, Omar
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning. Jönköping University.
    Freytag, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning. Jönköping University.
    Developing waste-to-energi in Brazil: A pre-feasbility study for a waste-to-energi plant in Santa Catarina, Brazil2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Albertzeth, Gustav
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Pujawan, I. Nyoman
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Tjahjono, Benny
    Centre for Business in Society, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Mitigating transportation disruptions in a supply chain: a cost-effective strategy2020Inngår i: International Journal of Logistics, ISSN 1367-5567, E-ISSN 1469-848X, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 139-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation disruptions can be damaging to a supply chain because goods may not arrive on time and this jeopardises the service level to the customers. While supply chain disruptions have gained significant attention from scholars, little has been done to explore these disruptions in the context of transportation. The study described in this paper aims to address disruptions occurring in the transportation of goods from a plant to a distribution centre. We modelled this real case to obtain insights on the effectiveness of different strategies to mitigate transportation disruptions. We evaluated four mitigation strategies and compared the outcomes in terms of service level and total costs: (1) the risk acceptance strategy, (2) the redundant stock strategy, (3) the flexible route strategy, and (4) the redundant-flexibility strategy. The results suggest that the best strategy differs depending on the budget that managers are willing to deploy to improve the service level. The simulation experiments and the use of the Incremental Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) would be instrumental in helping decision makers in selecting the best disruption mitigation strategies where the best option would likely be different under varying circumstances. 

  • 7.
    Alm, Jonathan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    von Kiöhling, Marcus
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Lagerstyrningsmetoders påverkan på totalkostnad: Möjliga ufall för lager med säsongsvarierad efterfrågan2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To analyze the impact on total cost by inventory control methods under the influence of seasonal demand. The purpose will be answered with following research questions:

    1. What inventory control methods can be used when there is seasonal demand?

    2. What is the impact of inventory control methods on total cost under the influence of seasonal

      demand?

    Method – The study was conducted as a case study and the empirical data was collected through interviews and document study. Both of these contributed to the basis for the analysis and for the calculations in the test of the study. Literature study was conducted and included theories for inventory control methods to answer the first research question, as well as formulas for the methods used to answer the second research question.

    Findings – It appears from the study, the inventory control methods that can be used when there is seasonal demand and during current planning environment is periodic ordering system and cycle service method. These have been tested further in the study. Seasonal index was considered an important method since it dimensions demand which to a high degree regulate the inventory levels and thereby the result of the inventory control methods. Further the study compares none theoretical inventory control methods and theoretical inventory control methods impact on total cost. It is shown that carrying costs, as a part of total cost, can be reduced by 25% during the peak season and 62% during off-season. This without changing the deliverability. Alternatively, the deliverability can be increased by 10% by using inventory control methods without increasing the total cost of the inventory.

    Implications – The theoretical contribution of the study is that it has increased the knowledge concerning inventory control methods when there is seasonal demand, and the possible results they might bring. The empirical contribution of the study is that companies can use the study as an indication of the economic benefits and motivation for implementing theoretical inventory control methods.

    Limitations – The tested inventory control methods did not alter the ordering cost, which to a high degree can have an impact on the total cost. The study also shows a possible impact on the inventory control during the current planning environment. If the planning environment changes, the result of the study can be different.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Anderson, Janet E.
    et al.
    Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, King’s College London, London, UK.
    Robert, Glenn
    Jönköping University, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, King’s College London, London, UK.
    Nunes, Francisco
    Department of Human Resources and Organizational Behavior, ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Bal, Roland
    Erasmus School of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Burnett, Susan
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgery & Cancer, Imperial College, UK.
    Karltun, Anette
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning. Jönköping University, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Sanne, Johan
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Aase, Karina
    SHARE—Centre for Resilience in Healthcare, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, Norway.
    Wiig, Siri
    SHARE—Centre for Resilience in Healthcare, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, Norway.
    Fulop, Naomi J.
    Department of Applied Health Research, University College London, UK.
    The QUASER Team, ,
    Translating research on quality improvement in five European countries into a reflective guide for hospital leaders: the ‘QUASER Hospital Guide’2019Inngår i: International Journal for Quality in Health Care, ISSN 1353-4505, E-ISSN 1464-3677, Vol. 31, nr 8, s. G87-G96Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim was to translate the findings of the QUASER study into a reflective, dialogic guide to help senior hospital leaders develop an organization wide QI strategy.

    Design: The QUASER study involved in depth ethnographic research into QI work and practices in two hospitals in each of five European countries. Three translational stakeholder workshops were held to review research findings and advise on the design of the Guide. An extended iterative process involving researchers from each participant country was then used to populate the Guide.

    Setting: The research was carried out in two hospitals in each of five European countries.

    Participants: In total, 389 interviews with healthcare practitioners and 803 hours of observations.

    Intervention: None.

    Main outcome measure: None.

    Results: The QUASER Hospital Guide was designed for leadership teams to diagnose their organization’s strengths and weaknesses in the eight QI challenges. The Guide supports organizational dialogue about QI challenges, enables leaders to share perspectives, and helps teams to develop solutions to their situated problems. The Guide includes extensive examples of QI strategies drawn from the data and is published online and on paper.

    Conclusion: The QUASER Hospital Guide is empirically based, draws on a dialogical approach to Organizational Development and complexity science and can facilitate hospital leadership teams to identify the best solutions for their organization.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Ellen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Klingspor, Charlotte
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Materialflödeseffektivisering mellan godsmottagning och montering: en kartläggning av aktiviteter mellan godsmottagning och montering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Syftet med studien är att undersöka förbättringsmöjligheter i materialflödet mellan godsmottagning och montering. Syftet har brutits ner i tre frågeställningar:

    • Vilka aktiviteter påverkar materialflödet mellan godsmottagning och montering?
    • Hur påverkar aktiviteterna materialflödet mellan godsmottagning och montering?
    • Hur kan materialflödet mellan godsmottagning och montering effektiviseras?

    Metod – En förstudie genomfördes för att definiera en problemformulering, vilket låg till grund för utformandet av studiens syfte och frågeställningar. En litteraturgenomgång och fallstudie har utförts parallellt med varandra. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom metoderna observation, dokumentstudie och intervjuer. Litteraturgenomgången genomfördes för att skapa det teoretiska ramverket. Syftet och frågeställningarna besvarades genom empirisk data och teorier.

    Resultat – Flera problem identifierades under studien som direkt påverkar materialflödet. I Icke värdeskapande aktiviteter, exempelvis hanterings- och lagerpunkter, påverkar ett materialflöde då det binds kapital och kräver resurser. En korrekt informationsdelning och ett nära samarbete mellan avdelningar anses vara en viktig faktor för materialflödets effektivitet. Genom att använda line back-principen kan aktiviteter som inte skapar värde för materialflödet förflytttas uppströms i försörjningskedjan för att möjliggöra en implementation av just in sequence.

    Implikationer – Då det redan existerar mycket teori inom problemområdet har ingen ny forskning etablerats. Däremot har studien belyst en ny synvinkel inom redan befintlig teori, där förhållandet mellan just in sequence och line back-principen belysts. Studien kan även användas som ett diskussionsunderlag för att kartlägga och effektivisera verksamheters materialflöde mellan godsmottagning och montering.

    Begränsningar – Studiens generaliserbarhet kan ifrågasättas då den endast involverar ett fallföretag. Då fallföretagets materialflöde ständigt är i rörelse försvårades datainsamlingen. Detta kan ha påverkat studiens resultat.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Andersson, Roy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Bridi, Eduardo
    Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Baez, Yinef Pardillo
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, San Buenaventura University, Cali, Colombia.
    Maldonado, Mauricio Uriona
    Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Forcellini, Fernando Antônio
    Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Moraes, Fabio Cesar
    Municipality of São José, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Improvement in public administration services: a case of business registration process[Poboljšanje usluga javne uprave: Studija slucaja za registracije preduzeca]2018Inngår i: International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, ISSN 2217-2661, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 109-120Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This work addresses the process of opening enterprises (grant of license) in a municipality. The purpose is to perform the identification, analysis and redesign of the process of granting permits to private companies, then making a proposal for improvement. The chosen method was a case study, using a qualitative approach according to the BPM methodology to respond: how to improve and accelerate the grant of a license? As a result, the proposed model used the best practices for business registration to reduce the time to 70%, and using half of the involved sectors. The conclusion is that it is possible to reduce bureaucracy and increase the efficiency of public administration with the applied methodology. 

  • 11.
    Andersson, Roy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Pardillo-Baez, Yinef
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    The Six Sigma framework improves the awareness and management of supply-chain risk2020Inngår i: The TQM Journal, ISSN 1754-2731, E-ISSN 1754-274XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Modern supply chains are at risk as a result of increasing disturbance. The use of Lean and Six Sigma’'s values, methods and tools can be one option to analyze, prevent and mitigate risks. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether a combined Lean Six Sigma philosophy can support the awareness and management of supply-chain risk. Design/methodology/approach: The methodology followed in the study is based on a literature review and multiple case study, performed by means of qualitative methods of data collection, such as observations on-site, face-to-face interviews and document analysis. Case selection includes the results of research conducted in seven large Swedish companies. Findings: It has been indicated that Lean and Six Sigma values, methods and tools can be very effective in companies’ efforts to control the supply-chain risks and that they improve the companies’ ability to handle variability and risk management. Lean Six Sigma supports a risk-management culture in the focal companies, but they must involve customers and companies in the supply chain if they wish to create a risk-management culture in the entire supply chain. In order to do this, they can use the Six Sigma training structure, but they need to include more risk tools and methods developed for the supply chain management. It has also been indicated in the literature that if more people involve in 6S projects, the financial results will be better, and the innovation of processes will increase. Research limitations/implications: These include suggestions for how the companies can use the Six sigma training structure to collaborate in the supply chain. Practical implications: This study gives practical suggestions for how the companies in supply chain can collaborate and use the Six Sigma training structure for creating a more holistic view of supply chain, which also decrease risks in supply chain. Originality/value: This study indicates that Lean Six Sigma supports risk awareness and management in the focal companies of the supply chains, which improves companies’ ability to handle variability and risk management. It has also been demonstrated that the companies should use the Six Sigma framework, especially training, as a foundation, and they should create common projects for better collaboration in the supply chain, which will decrease the risks in the entire supply chain.

  • 12.
    Anisimova, Tatiana Anatolevena
    et al.
    Linneuniversitet Ekonomihögskolan, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Weiss, Jan Frederic
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Mavondo, Felix T.
    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
    The influence of corporate brand perceptions on consumer satisfaction and loyalty via controlled and uncontrolled communications: a multiple mediation analysis2019Inngår i: Journal of Consumer Marketing, ISSN 0736-3761, E-ISSN 2052-1200, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 33-49Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Drawing on the stimulus–organism–response (S-O-R) model, the purpose of this study is to investigate mediating effects of controlled and uncontrolled communications of corporate brand perceptions on consumer satisfaction and loyalty.

    Design/methodology/approach: Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the hypotheses on a sample of 271 Australian automobile consumers.

    Findings: The authors find that while consumer satisfaction is indirectly influenced by corporate-level attributes via controlled and uncontrolled communication, the authors did not find an indirect effect between consumer benefits on consumer satisfaction via controlled and uncontrolled communication. By contrast, the authors find highly significant indirect effects – via controlled and uncontrolled communication as well as consumer satisfaction – for the relationship between, on the one hand, corporate-level attributes and consumer benefits and consumer brand loyalty on the other. Uncontrolled communication was significantly associated with consumer loyalty, a relevant finding that indicates an importance of tracking media coverage and maintaining favorable relationships with the media.

    Research limitations/implications: The cross-sectional method limits data collection to one point in time.

    Practical implications: This study adds to a better understanding of how to leverage corporate brand through communications in ways that it positively resonates with consumers. A fine-grained analysis of corporate brand attributes and consumer-perceived benefits can aid managers in developing specific and more effective marketing strategies.

    Originality/value: The overall thrust of this empirical study, which is to investigate how corporate brand perceptions influence short term (satisfaction) and long term (loyalty) via controlled and uncontrolled communications is original. This study comprehensively conceptualizes and operationalizes the corporate brand as a multidimensional construct consisting of corporate-level attributes and brand-level attributes such as perceived consumer benefits. To examine the hypothesized relationships between and among our constructs, the authors go beyond the commonly studied single mediator model and test a multiple mediator model instead.

  • 13.
    Anisimova, Tatiana
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Mavondo, Felix T.
    Monash University, Department of Marketing, Melbourne, Australia.
    Weiss, Jan Frederic
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Controlled and uncontrolled communication stimuli and organic food purchases: The mediating role of perceived communication clarity, perceived health benefits, and trust2019Inngår i: Journal of Marketing Communications, ISSN 1352-7266, E-ISSN 1466-4445, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 180-203Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a growing demand worldwide, organic food remains a niche category, with consumers only purchasing it some of the time. This study examines the mediating effects of consumers’ perceived clarity of organic food-related communication, trust for, and perceived health benefits of organic foods in the relationship between controlled and uncontrolled communication stimuli and organic food purchases. We test our hypotheses on a sample of 1011 Australian organic food consumers using Structural Equation Modeling. We find that all mediators except perceived communication clarity perform as hypothesized, with the latter not mediating the relationship between uncontrolled communications and perceived health benefits of organic foods. The results suggest that marketers should ensure clarity in controlled organic food communications, signal health benefits of organic food and build consumer trust to generate organic purchases. 

  • 14.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Engström, Annika
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    A Lewinian approach to managing barriers to university–industry collaboration2019Inngår i: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 129-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls are made by governments, university management and industry to increase university–industry (U–I) collaboration to find solutions for societal and economic problems that are too complex to be tackled within one sector alone. Researchers are often expected to realise these ideas, but when it comes to everyday research and knowledge development, individuals may encounter barriers to accomplishing this. The paper presents an empirical study of researchers’ view on U–I collaboration. Our focus in the analysis, inspired by the Lewinian field theory, is on the hindering forces that might create barriers to collaboration from a researcher’s perspective. Contrary to the previously used approaches taken in force field analysis, we perform a qualitative study, which might be better suited for this framework. In the literature on U–I collaboration, ‘orientation-related’ and ‘transaction-related’ barriers have been identified. In our analysis, we discuss hindering forces on the individual, intra- and interorganisational levels. In total, we find 18 key areas to identify possible hinders for collaboration and based on a Lewinian perspective, we suggest that removing hindering forces can benefit U–I collaboration. The paper recognises the need to regard universities as equal partners in U–I collaboration for sustainable knowledge production.

  • 15.
    Björhag, Albin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan.
    Skärin, Filip
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Statliga incitaments påverkan på svenska företags reshoringbeslut2018Inngår i: Proceedings of the Plan Research Conference, Jönköping, 23-24 oktober, 2018, Plan , 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Björklund, Gabriella Veronica
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Wallier, Anna
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Investering i automation: Väsentliga aspekter att ta hänsyn till ur en kontraktstillverkares kontext2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att belysa avvägningar som kontraktstillverkare behöver göra vid beslut om investeringar i automation. För att uppnå studiens syfte har tre frågeställningar formulerats:

    1. Vilka faktorer behöver en kontraktstillverkare ta hänsyn till vid investering i automation?
    2. Vilka drivkrafter finns för en kontraktstillverkare att investera i automation?
    3. Vad kan en ökad integration ge för effekter för en kontraktstillverkares verksamhet?

    Metod: För att förstå studiens problemområde i sin specifika kontext mer övergripande genomfördes en förundersökning på givet fallföretag inom elektronikbranschen. För att därefter kunna besvara de utformade frågeställningarna genomfördes en kvalitativ enfallsstudie av ett induktivt slag. Därefter påbörjades litteratursökningen för att få en teoretisk förankring i studien. De teoretiska huvudområdena var kontraktstillverkning, relation, investering och automation och presenteras i det teoretiska ramverket. Litteraturinsamlingen pågick parallellt med datainsamlingen som bestod utav semistrukturerade och - standardiserade intervjuer, observationer och dokumentstudier. Valet av flera metoder gjorde att en triangulering kunde genomföras och på så sätt öka studiens validitet.

    Resultat: Studiens resultat visade att faktorer som en kontraktstillverkare behövde ta hänsyn till vid investering i automation i vissa fall kunde uppvägas eller helt neutraliseras av kontraktstillverkarens drivkrafter till varför investeringen var aktuell. Trots de olika drivkrafterna till varför en investering bör genomföras sågs det att återbetalning alltid var avgörande för huruvida en investering skulle äga rum. Vidare visade studien på att en ökad integration kunde öka hela försörjningskedjans lönsamhet. En integration med flera kunder ökade kontraktstillverkarens möjlighet att investera i en högre nivå av automation och viljan att investera med eget kapital.

    Implikationer: Fallstudien har bidragit till utveckling av tidigare enskilda forskningsområden, såsom investering, automation och relation, och satt in det i en kontraktstillverkares kontext. Utifrån detta har senare en ny modell utvecklats. Vidare genererar även studien med ett säljargument för fallföretaget att få kunder att förstå vikten av hur integration kan öka lönsamheten.

    Begränsningar: Då studien är designad som en enfallsstudie begränsas generaliserbarheten utifrån andra kontraktstillverkares verksamheter då studien till stor del enbart undersökt slutmonteringens tillverkningsprocesser för en specifik kundgrupp. Studien begränsas även på så sätt att den inte berör eventuella beräkningar eller fördjupar sig i personalresurser. Studiens resultat kommer inte testas hypotetiskt för att se om framtaget resultat stämmer.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Billiga inköp – en dyrköpt läxa2019Inngår i: Intelligent logistik: inköp, logistik, produktion, affärer, ISSN 1653-9451, nr 7, s. 26-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Bergqvist, Linda
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan.
    How are we doing? – Taking the pulse on collaboration2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    SPARK is the research and educational environment at the School of Engineering at Jönköping University focusing on knowledge intensive product realization. SPARK ECG is our process for measuring and ensuring consensus and co-production between researchers and their industrial partners.

  • 19.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Engström, Annika
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Engagement and co-creation of knowledge – the important role of workshops for data collection and analysis2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper complements current literature on qualitative methods and collaborative research approaches by addressing workshops as a unique way of not only collecting data, but also allow for joint analysis and conceptualizations. We have applied a grounded, data-driven approach based on retrospective analysis of the content of 40 workshops in four different collaborative research projects. This paper contributes to a better understanding for workshops and their role in data collection, data analysis and conceptualization as well as other non-research-process related activities in collaborative research projects.

  • 20.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Eslami, Mohammad H.
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    The role of commitment and knowledge sharing on customer’s satisfaction in a triadic setting2019Inngår i: 2019 ANZMAC Conference Proceedings / [ed] James E Richard & Djavlonbek Kadirov, Kelburn: Victoria University of Wellington , 2019, s. 114-117Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Authors of most of the existing studies have acknowledged that companies across a wide range of industries are looking for relational advantages through the supply chain process, and suppliers and customers can be important entities in this endeavour. Yet, despite the growing recognition of supplier and customer knowledge in innovation, their commitment to and satisfaction in a triadic setting remains insufficiently understood. To address this limitation, this study builds based on qualitative and longitudinal data pertaining to four industrial manufacturing firms. The obtained results indicate that collaboration with customers and suppliers with the aim of increasing their satisfaction level requires commitment from both entities, as well as their willingness to share knowledge. Our study further reveals that mutual commitment in business-to-business relationships can help all actors to focus on their activities while being aware of the other parties’ needs and expectations.

  • 21.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Fredriksson, A.
    The potential of Supplier – Contractor information sharing to improve supply chain efficiency in construction projects2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Supply chain performance deficiencies in construction projects due to lack of information sharing2019Inngår i: Book of abstracts, 2019, s. 19-19, artikkel-id CP 131Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to explore the potential of increased supply chain performance by improved information sharing between suppliers and contractors in the construction project. Four suppliers are studied, representing different combinations of supplying materials with few or continuous deliveries during the project. The study shows that, in order to improve performance, suppliers need different information sharing practices depending on if they continuously present at site or have few deliveries. Based on this and information sharing literature, we have developed a framework of information sharing practice differentiating what suppliers need, including how and when to exchange it.

  • 23.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    Construction logistics group, KTS, ITN, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Halldórsson, Árni
    Department of Technology Management & Economics, Division of Service Management & Logistics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Department of Technology Management & Economics, Division of Service Management & Logistics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Customer information usage: Improving supply chain performance and advancing logistics services in construction projects2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019, 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how continuous improvement of logistics services in a project- based context such as construction can be enhanced by a “priority matrix for service improvements”. Construction services in general, and logistic services in specific, have great impact on efficiency and sustainability (environmental as well as social). Solutions and experience from e.g. manufacturing and retailing that have undergone major transformation through industrialization and, more recently, servitization, to improve the quality and novelty of their offerings, there is a great potential in addressing the complex coordination, inefficient processes, and waste of materials in the project-based context of the construction industry. Whilst improvement initiatives concerning product quality are important inspiration of such transformation, they are based on continuous production processes and become a challenge when this experience is transferred to the project-based, construction industry. As response, this study draws upon the concept of service quality as the basis for improvement initiatives – a concept based on relations between actors that last beyond individual projects.

  • 24.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Gosling, J.
    Naim, M.
    Collaborative research in practice: articulating the realities of engagement2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Göthager, Mikael
    Canea Partner Group AB.
    Vad är problemen med traditionella nyckeltal?2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Göthager, Mikael
    Vikten av att ha strategiska nyckeltal baserade på fakta2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Halldórsson, Á.
    Engaged Scholarship: Creative tension or squeezed in the middle of rigor and relevance?2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Halldórsson, Árni
    Division of Service Management and Logistics, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Engaged Scholar(ship) in purchasing and supply management (PSM): Creative tension or squeezed in the middle?2019Inngår i: Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, ISSN 1478-4092, E-ISSN 1873-6505, Vol. 25, nr 4, artikkel-id 100557Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purchasing and supply management research influences practice through the advancement of knowledge and theoretical principles and is positioned as an academic discipline. For the individual researcher, it calls for skills and experience that can be associated with engaged scholarship. This paper explores tensions inherent in engaged scholarship, that arise during the quest to interact closely with professionals to ensure relevance and impact while living up to research quality criteria. The paper concludes that the individual researcher in a field such as PSM is easily left with guidelines that point in multiple directions regarding personal achievement and institutional merits.

  • 29.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Käkelä, Nikolas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Sharing knowledge for customization: a triadic perspective2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For customizations where individual customers are involved as early as in design stages, referred to as engineer-to-order (ETO), the ability to effectively share knowledge across organizational boundaries is a necessity. This concerns knowledge shared both in the customer interface and the supplier interface. Different situations may however require different processes for knowledge to be effectively shared. This research proposes a framework for analysing knowledge sharing complexity in ETO scenarios from a triadic perspective. Combined with empirical illustrations, the analytical framework supports in describing scenarios and their implications for effective knowledge sharing.

  • 30.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Lennartsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Byggnadsteknik och belysningsvetenskap.
    Customizations vs. Platforms: A Conceptual Approach to COSI2018Inngår i: Advances in Production Management Systems. Production Management for Data-Driven, Intelligent, Collaborative, and Sustainable Manufacturing. APMS 2018. / [ed] I. Moon, G. Lee, J. Park, D. Kiritsis & G. von Cieminski, Cham: Springer, 2018, s. 116-123Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, many manufacturers have experienced an increased demand for customized products and services, which requires the manufacturer to simultaneously offer both standardized and customized products. Consequently, several manufacturing strategies must be efficiently employed. These companies do not express the same prerequisites as ‘pure’ ETO companies since they need to be able to differentiate customized orders from standard orders, but also be able to differentiate between the manufacturing dimension and the engineering dimension of customization. Whereas standard orders can be processed with a platform approach, the customized orders contain specific requirements and information represented by ‘customer-order specific information’ (COSI). This paper defines and presents competitive scenarios where platform constraints are combined with COSI for efficient customizations. Implications for the approach and a path forward is discussed.

  • 31.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Powell, Daryl John
    SINTEF Manufacturing, Raufoss, Norway.
    Towards a framework for enhanced ETO supply chain performance2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019, 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    ETO supply chains seem to exhibit natural barriers and resistance to continuous improvements. This paper aims to construct a framework to understand the links between Lean thinking, organizational learning and supply chain delivery capabilities in an ETO- context. The paper identifies the research gap between three specific research areas; ETO supply chains, organizational learning, and lean.

  • 32.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Suurmond, Robert
    Department of Marketing and Supply Chain Management, School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    van Raaij, Erik M.
    Department of Technology and Operations Management, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Chen, Clive
    Meelunie B.V. Shanghai Representative, Shanghai, China.
    Purchasing process models: Inspiration for teaching purchasing and supply management2019Inngår i: Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, ISSN 1478-4092, E-ISSN 1873-6505, Vol. 25, nr 5, artikkel-id 100577Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most scholars of purchasing and supply management (PSM) are familiar with some form of a purchasing process model (PPM). A PPM is the visual representation of the sequence of activities that constitute purchasing and supply management. Such a visual representation can be a tool in teaching PSM since it gives students an overview of an otherwise intangible process. Moreover, a PPM can also be viewed as a representation of the identity of PSM, providing a schema of what is PSM (and what it is not). In this notes and debates article, a systematic overview of different types of PPMs, and their evolution, is presented, based on a literature review and a survey, with the models being classified as tactical/operational, strategic, cyclical, or decision-making processes. Our first aim is to inspire PSM scholars and educators when they are considering various PPMs to be used in their teaching of PSM. Our second aim is to debate the question where the evolution of PPMs is heading and explore whether a single holistic model can provide an accurate and representative framework to structure purchasing activities both today and in the future. 

  • 33.
    börjesson, Mary
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Stål, Gustav
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Den digitala mathandeln: Hur implementering av multikanalsförsäljning påverkar matbutiker2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Den digitala mathandeln: Hur implementering av multikanalsförsäljning påverkar matbutiker
  • 34.
    Carrevik, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Gustafsson, Jonatan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Hantering av orderspecifika komponenter: En fallstudie utförd vid ett tillverkande företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose with the study is to with help of value stream mapping identify problem areas and wastes connected to the handling of order specific components. To be able to answer the purpose the following two research questions was formulated.  

    -      Which activities is non-value adding with the internal handling of order specific components? 

    -      Why does the non-value adding activities exist with the handling of order specific components?

    Method– Theories connected to value stream mapping was gathered to answer both of the studies research questions. Theory regarding Lean manufacturing, value stream mapping, customer order driven production, production strategies, information flow and working environment was necessary to build a solid ground for the study’s analysis. The study was designed as a case study where data was gathered from the business case. Data was gathered through interviews, observations and document studies which resulted in the data that the analysis was built from. To answer the research questions booth data and theory was analysed through pattern comparison.

    Findings– The findings of the first research question present different activities connected to the value stream for the order specific components that do not add any value to the customer. The activities could be; various labelling that leading to inappropriate processing, late deliveries resulting in waiting time and correction of existing products demanding rework. In order to make it possible to find out why the non-value adding activities exist the study shows that knowledge about primary causes to waste is required. These primary causes resulting in waste in the value stream could be poor working conditions, communication problems and the lack of sufficient technical knowledge. The principle based on analysing why the non-value adding activities exist by analysing the primary causes connected to it states to be general, but details regarding waste is business case unique.

    Implications– The study theoretically contributes to how a value stream mapping can be performed to be able to map the value flow and deal with the wastes from order specific components. Because the report builds on earlier research it can be seen as a reference at implementation of a value stream mapping at a manufacturing company. Practically the study contributes to map and identify wastes at a manufacturing company that operates through a customer order driven production. Practically knowledge about how the theory can be used to identify why non-value adding activities exist can also be found in the study.

    Limitations– The main purpose of the study aims to identify non-value adding activities, not necessarily coming up with prepositions on how to eliminate them. The delimitations states that the study is limited to investigate the value stream for order specific components which is bought straight from the supplier, not other components at the factory.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Cederfeldt, Annika
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Kommunikation från leverantör till kund kring engineer-to-order-artiklar.: En flerfallsstudie av faktorer som påverkar kundens upplevelse av kommunikation från leverantör.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte - Syftet med studien är att bidra till en förståelse för hur kommunikationen av kundorderspecifik information sker internt hos leverantör samt vilka faktorer påverkar kunden gällande kommunikation från leverantör.  

    För att uppfylla syftet med studien har följande problemfrågor utarbetats:

    1.        Hur sker kommunikationen av KOSI internt hos ett företag som levererar ETO-artiklar?

    2.       Vilka faktorer anser kunden kritiska i kommunikationen från en leverantör av ETO-artiklar?

    Metod - Teorier angående intern samt extern kommunikation, relationsmarknadsföring samt differentiering av leverantörer har studerats samt beskrivits vilket senare har kompilerats med empirin till en analys. En flerfallstudie av ett leverantörsföretag samt ett urval av dess kunder har genomförts. Data har samlats in genom fokusgrupper internt hos leverantörsföretaget samt genom en enkätstudie som besvarats av kunderna. För att få en djupare förståelse har även intervjuer genomförts med utvalda respondenter. Till grund för frågeställningarna samt vidare enkätfrågorna ligger en förstudie som genomfördes genom intervjuer under två tillfällen på ett kundföretag.    

    Resultat - I studien nämner respondenterna främst fyra områden som påverkar kommunikationen från leverantören. Dessa är:

    • ·         Tydlighet gällande kompetens samt förmåga att möta kundens behov, gällande förseningar av leverans samt kring leverantörens organisation.
    • ·         Trovärdighet gällande tidsaspekt, tillit samt engagemang.
    • ·         Långsiktighet gällande att bygga relationer.
    • ·         Antalet kontaktytor gällande vilka funktioner som kommunicerar mellan de två organisationerna.

    Resultatet visar att genom att kommunikationen uteblir alternativt försenas från leverantör till kund kan kunden påverkas såväl ekonomiskt som socialt.  Studien styrker att kunden önskar ha en nära relation med en leverantör av engineer- to orderartiklar vilket innebär en högre grad av kommunikation än med en leverantör av standardartiklar.

    Implikationer - Leverantören bör tidigt i kontakten med kunden diskutera artikelns art samt finna vilken strategi för kommunikation samt relation kunden önskar. Genom att det internt i leverantörens organisation finns en väl utarbetad samt strukturerad process, där organisationen arbetar tvärfunktionellt, kring kundorderspecifik information undviks det att information förvanskas alternativt försvinner.

    Begränsningar - Studien är begränsad till en tre enheter inom en koncern samt 16 kunder till dessa. För att kunna generalisera skulle ett större antal ur såväl leverantörs samt kundorganisationer involveras. Datainsamlingen sker på individnivå medan resultatet aspirerar till att beskrivas på organisationsnivå. Detta kan ses som problematiskt och diskuteras vidare i studien.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Chatha, Karandeep Singh
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Impacts of Industry 4.0 on Swedish Manufacturing SMEs Context2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose- Industry 4.0 as a concept has created a wave of innovation in the manufacturing sector. In Sweden, the goal for the Swedish manufacturing SMEs is to be leaders in digitalization and stay competitive. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to understand the impacts of Industry 4.0 on Swedish manufacturing SMEs.

    Method- The method used in this research is a multiple case study consisting of three manufacturing SMEs in Sweden. A literature review was conducted in a systematic way to give a background of Industry 4.0 and its technologies. The literature review provided the theoretical base and knowledge about the phenomena which led to preparation of interview guide used for data collection. Data collection was done through semi-structured interviews. Thereafter, the findings were analyzed within case, cross-case and compared with literature.

    Findings- To analyze the impacts of Industry 4.0 on the manufacturing SMEs, the author developed a framework which included the ten main Industry 4.0 technologies, Porter ́s generic value chain model and industrial performance indicators. During the analysis, it was found that all the companies were users of Industry 4.0; however, they were using mostly robots as the main technologies besides one company using cloud-platform technology. All the companies had impacts on their value chains operation activity. All five performance indicators flexibility, costs, productivity, quality and lead times were found to impact on Swedish manufacturing SMEs. The findings support the same indicators as found in literature. Furthermore, all three case companies confirmed that they have higher profits which shows that the implementation of Industry 4.0 not only improves industrial performance indicators but also can lead to increase in financial performance.

    Implications- This thesis contributed to both theory and provides suggestions to managers with primary contribution being the framework which itself is a contribution to the theory. The framework can be used both by researchers and managers. Furthermore, the theory provided in the literature review of impacts of different technologies on the value chain can guide the managers to understand which of the technologies are useful in corresponding activities of value chain. The suggestions provided by industry peers are also a major advantage for the managers to prepare their companies for Industry 4.0.

    Limitations- The research focused only on manufacturing SMEs in Sweden and from industry perspective, only SMEs manufacturing goods were included and not services. Within the case companies, all ten identified Industry 4.0 technologies were not found to be implemented in SMEs, therefore; the analysis and answers to research questions were based on the technologies found. Moreover, there was a constraint of time and resources which led to a small sample of three manufacturing industries.

    Keywords: Industry 4.0, The fourth Industrial Revolution, Industrie 4.0, Digitization, Value chain, Supply Chain, Manufacturing, SME, Impacts, Barriers

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Coelho, Denis A.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning. Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Convento de Santo António, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal and Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Mecânicas e Aeroespaciais, Convento de Santo António, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Silva, Pedro D.
    Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Convento de Santo António, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal and Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Mecânicas e Aeroespaciais, Convento de Santo António, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Season influence on rapid thermal sensation assessment by young adults2019Inngår i: Engineering Reports, E-ISSN 2577-8196, Vol. 1, nr 1, artikkel-id e12029Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermal comfort is one of the most important ergonomic aspects of building occupancy. In this research, laboratory experiments are performed in a climatic chamber and described in detail. Experiments are carried out under two scenarios: with two different college students cohorts and with five different but comparable experimental conditions in each cohort. Three hundred twenty‐two individual assessments under specific controlled thermal environment conditions are collected. The actual thermal sensation assessments obtained in the experiments are compared to the results obtained by a predicted mean vote (PMV) model. The correlation analysis shows that statistically significant differences are meaningful between the spring‐summer and the autumn‐winter experiments but not between genders. This paper discusses the plausible factors contributing to the different correlations experienced in the autumn‐winter and spring‐summer experiments. A correction factor between PMV according to Fanger's comfort equation and the actual thermal sensation values reported by the participants is also sought with a focus on the seasonal effects. The predicted results are in good agreement with the experimental results. This allows for further considerations about the influence of the season on the initial thermal sensations experienced by young adults.

  • 38.
    Da Rocha, Telma
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Posiol, Karolina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Towards a competitive advantage: a systematic literature review on reshoring and operations capabilities2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell produktutveckling, produktion och design, JTH, Industridesign.
    Design-driven innovation: a systematic literature review2019Inngår i: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 92-114Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The concept design-driven innovation focuses on innovating product meanings. It has been studied from a variety of perspectives and contexts since the early 2000s. However, a complete overview of the literature published in this area is currently missing. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive understanding of how design-driven innovation contributes to value creation in product development.

    Design/methodology/approach

    In this systematic literature review, 57 papers and book chapters that cover design-driven innovation were identified and analyzed. An iterative coding process was followed to derive five facets of design-driven innovation that contribute to value creation.

    Findings

    Design-driven innovation creates value by focusing on the intangible values of products. The following five facets of design-driven innovation that contribute to value creation were identified: development of new product meanings, knowledge generation, actors and collaborations, capabilities and process. These facets and their interrelations are presented in a theoretical framework.

    Practical implications

    The main practical implication of this study is that it is now clear that the five facets of design-driven innovation are interrelated and reinforce each other. Therefore, companies need to approach design-driven innovation from a holistic perspective.

    Originality/value

    This paper contributes to theory by presenting the theoretical framework that provides an overview of available knowledge and that creates a context for future research.

  • 40.
    Demartini, Melissa
    et al.
    Universita degli Studi di Genova, Department of Mechanical Engineering (DIME), Genoa, Italy.
    Pinna, Claudia
    Politecnico di Milano, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Milan, Italy.
    Tonelli, Flavio
    Universita degli Studi di Genova, Department of Mechanical Engineering (DIME), Genoa, Italy.
    Terzi, Sergio
    Politecnico di Milano, Department of Management, Milan, Italy.
    Sansone, Cinzia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Testa, Chiara
    Siemens Italy S.p.A., Genoa, Italy.
    Food industry digitalization: from challenges and trends to opportunities and solutions2018Inngår i: IFAC-PapersOnLine, ISSN 2405-8963, Vol. 51, nr 11, s. 1371-1378Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last years, manufacturing companies have to face several challenges, mainly related to the volatility of the demand and to the continuously changing requirements, both from the customers and suppliers. In the meantime, new technological roadmaps and suggested interventions in manufacturing systems have been implemented. These solutions aim to exploit the high innovation and economic potential resulting from the continuing impact of rapidly advancing information and communication technology (ICT) in industry. This paper explores these topics focusing on the food sector. Indeed, companies belonging to this industry are facing global challenges, which can be met with the support of the information technologies (IT). The overall goal of this study is to help food companies toward digitalization, with a particular focus on the design and manufacturing processes. From the methodological point of view, Case Study has been used as research method. Furthermore, a questionnaire characterized by the different elements of the Manufacturing Value Modelling Methodology (MVMM) has been developed and used to gather information from companies. A framework for the digitalization process in the food industry has been developed basing on the results of a preliminary literature review and of different focus groups. On completion of the aforementioned framework, a list of enabling technologies has been discussed. These represent the technological solutions for the specific food issues highlighted by the framework. Finally, a case study has been accomplished in order to test and validate the contents’ framework.

  • 41.
    Elias Amaleh, Paria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Bibaj, Dafina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Supply Chain Integrations viktiga principer2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte –Studiens syfte är att utforska Supply Chain Integration (SCI) och undersöka hur leverantörer och företagskunder ser på det. För att uppnå syftet har tre frågeställningar formulerats vilka är:

     

    • Vilka principer är viktiga för SCI och hur ser leverantörer och företagskunder på dessa?
    • Vilka utmaningar upplever leverantörer och företagskunder vid integration?
    • Hur vill leverantörer och företagskunder arbeta med integration?

     

    Metod –  För att besvara syftet och frågeställningarna användes en kvalitativ inriktad ansats med ett induktivt tillvägagångsätt som utgår från att analysera en stor mängd teoretiskt och empiriskt utfall om SCI:s principer och utmaningar. Analysen generar sedan resultatet.

     

    Resultat – Studien visar att konceptet SCI måste fastställas och urskilja de viktiga principerna inom ämnet för att kunna verkställa konceptet praktiskt i en verksamhet. Det mest centrala som framgår av resultatet är att kravställandet har en stor påverkan på samarbetet och att företag därför måste ta det i beaktning.

     

    Implikationer – Konceptet SCI är väldigt vagt där många forskare använder sig av äldre källor som än idag är aktuella vilket tyder på att det är ett svårt koncept att fastställa och där ny forskning kommer fram till det som redan fastställts av äldre källor. Den teoretiska implikationen med studien har varit att identifiera de viktiga principerna för SCI som kan sedan förvaltas vidare i senare forskning. Studien bidrar till ökad förståelse för hur en framgångsrik SCI kan uppnås och hur den kan vidareutvecklas till att skapa ett mer verklighetsförankrat koncept. Den empiriska implikationen av studien är att företag bör skapa en mer ökad förståelse för konceptet SCI kring ett ömsesidigt beroendeförhållande.

     

    Begränsningar – Studien har genererat ett resultat som är mer generellt. Anledningen är för att studien riktat sig in på tre fallföretag oberoende bransch och deras perspektiv på SCI och då har  mycket generell information samlats in som leder till det generella resultatet.

     

    Nyckelord – Supply chain integration, Samsyn, Långsiktig relation, Informationsdelning, Makt, Krav.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Eliasson, Mathilda
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Azrak, Helena
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Increasing information sharing during new product development projects2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the research is to increase the understanding of how insufficient information sharing between internal stakeholders can be mitigated during new product development projects.

    Two research questions were formulated to conduct answers to the purpose. 

    1. Why is it crucial to mitigate insufficient information sharing between internal stakeholders during new product development projects?
    2. How can potential challenges during new product development projects be mitigated through information sharing between internal stakeholders?

    Method – To create an understanding of information sharing a literature review was conducted, which formed the foundation of the theoretical framework. Through a case study at SAAB Training & Simulation, interviews were used as the main source for empirical data. Document studies and observations were used to triangulate the findings. The collected data and theoretical framework were analyzed and discussed to propose improvements.

    Findings – The research findings indicate that an insufficient information flow can cause several challenges related to deadlines, profit and how information is interpreted. It should therefore be a prioritization for an organization to constantly improve how information is shared between internal stakeholders during new product development projects. Additionally, the research analysis suggests that organizations’ need to allocate more time for educational opportunities.

    Implications – The research highlighted a new perspective on previous research within the area. Through the research analysis statements and theories made by other researchers were further strengthened. The research suggests ways of improving information sharing between internal stakeholders. The result can be used by other industrial organizations working with new product development projects to improve their information sharing to mitigate challenges connected to insufficient information sharing.

    Limitations – Due to the complexity of information sharing within new product development projects, the research was limited to one case company. Additionally, mainly managers were interviewed which posed a risk that the collected data only provided an overview rather than a deep insight in the processes of sharing information between internal stakeholders. If the authors were to use several organizations and conduct more interviews, the results could increase the credibility and generalizability of the research.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 43.
    Engelseth, Per
    et al.
    Molde University College.
    Jafari, Hamid
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Marketing Complex Product Designs in the Contemporary Value Chain2018Inngår i: International journal of value chain management, ISSN 1741-5357, E-ISSN 1741-5365, ISSN 1741-5357, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 311-329Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Theory on supply postponement and speculation has gained widespread use in industry to mitigate risk and improve customer value. We suggest alternative conceptualisation of product customisation focusing in the emergent properties of production in a value chain context. Based on the transvection model, servitisation theory, contingency theory focusing on interdependencies and complexity, we discuss how a variety of goods, information and service deliverables may be timed in relation to each other to customise in relation to customer value objectives. Through a single case study of retail distribution practices, an alternative modelling of supply timing is empirically grounded. The ‘supply palette model’ is introduced based on a fundamental view on products as technically fragmented entities, as well as the fact that production includes product design as emergent through complex supplier-customer interaction. This model serves as a marketing tool founded inoperations practices by exposing the complexity of deliverables provided to customers associated with operational decision-making events. This study also exposes how marketing and supply chain management necessarily are, when supplying postponed products, integrated business functions.

  • 44.
    Engström, Annika
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Effective interaction in organisations2019Inngår i: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2019, s. 30-41Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Creating effective interaction and ‘organisational learning’ is a skill that must be developed. Research from work meetings in a manufacturing company found that meetings for well-defined, technical assignments often went smoothly and produced the desired results, but there was a lack of forums to discuss developmental issues, especially those concerning work organisation. Furthermore, there was a lack of communication between the different work groups. Discrepancies were swept under the carpet, which is unfortunate, since they provide opportunities for learning and development. To achieve this, a goal-directed meeting structure and proper leadership and communications skills are needed.

  • 45.
    Engström, Annika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Barry, Daved
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell produktutveckling, produktion och design.
    Sollander, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Edh Mirzaei, Nina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Johansson, Anette
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Embracing the unplanned: Organizational ambidexterity within manufacturing SMEs2019Inngår i: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2019, artikkel-id 14906Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational Ambidexterity (OA)–the ability to simultaneously pursue exploration and exploitation–is increasingly being advocated as a way to gain competitive advantage. Most of the work on OA has focused on large, multi-divisional organizations, resulting in frameworks and prescriptions that have little utility for small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). With this in mind, we report on the first year of an exploratory, quasi-experimental study of ambidexterity within six small-to-medium manufacturing enterprises in Sweden. The research is characterized by an emic, ‘invented here’ approach, where companies closely examine their current exploration and exploitation practices, use their findings to formulate more advanced OA approaches uniquely suited to their values and circumstances, and iteratively apply and refine these over a four year period. It appears that the construct of ‘unplanned’ and associated sub-constructs such as ‘disturbance, crashes, and interruption’ could be an important key to framing and improving OA within these SMEs and perhaps more generally.

  • 46.
    Engström, Annika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Käkelä, Nikolas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Early steps in learning about organizational learning in customization settings: A communication perspective2019Inngår i: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 27-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to empirically investigate the role of learning for suppliers of individualized customizations from a communication perspective.

    Design/methodology/approach: Five companies providing individualized customizations are investigated through an in-depth qualitative approach. The empirical material is based on data from five presentations in one workshop and seven interviews.

    Findings: Four important categories of communication processes between suppliers and customers that stimulate learning were identified: the identification and confirmation of existing knowledge, the identification of knowledge gaps and the creation of new knowledge, the definition of relations and procedures and evaluation and learning.

    Practical implications: These findings can help suppliers of individualized customizations become aware of the important role of organizational learning in their day-to-day operations and the value of improving as a learning organization.

    Originality/value: This cross-disciplinary study brings together organizational learning and customization research. It is a study that focuses on communication in customization tasks as a base for learning. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 47.
    Engström, Annika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Käkelä, Nikolas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Learning to make a difference in customization settings2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 48.
    Engström, Annika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Lundin, Mona
    Personalvetenskapliga perspektiv på kommunikation2018Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 49.
    Engström, Gabriella
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Eriksson, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Sollander, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Drivers and barriers of reshoring in the Swedish manufacturing industry2018Inngår i: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 195-220Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore reshoring drivers and barriers in the Swedish manufacturing industry. The research is based on case research including five case companies from the Swedish manufacturing industry with experience of manufacturing reshoring. The empirical findings are compared to the existing literature to identify any potential gaps between the existing literature and the Swedish manufacturing context. The findings suggest that quality related issues, an increased degree of automation, and improved cost performance at the home base are the strongest reshoring drivers for Swedish manufacturing companies. The identified drivers and barriers are transferable and have the potential to be building blocks for researchers and practitioners to better understand the reshoring phenomena. The findings also show that further research should focus on reshoring drivers and barriers in relation to specific reshoring characteristics (e.g., ownership, scale of production being reshored, and position in the supply chain).

  • 50.
    Engström, Gabriella
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Sollander, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Eriksson, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Logistik och verksamhetsledning.
    Reshoring drivers and barriers in the Swedish manufacturing industry2018Inngår i: Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, ISSN 2398-5364, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 174-201Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to explore reshoring drivers and barriers from a Swedish manufacturing perspective.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This paper is a case study, including four Swedish manufacturing companies, with focus on drivers and barriers from the context of the Swedish manufacturing industry. A literature review of previously established drivers and barriers is used to map out the empirical findings and thereby identify potential gaps between the current body of literature and drivers and barriers from a Swedish manufacturing context.

    Findings

    The findings of the study suggest that quality issues continue to be one of the strongest reshoring drivers. Except for product quality, quality is also connected to host country’s infrastructure, communication and service. The supply chain perspective is a source of several drivers and is identified as a perspective often overlooked in offshoring decisions. Barriers related to firm specifics were more elaborately discussed by the companies, especially concerning calculation of location decision and the need to invest in resources, which allows for a higher level of capacity at the home country facility.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study develops a structured table of reshoring drivers and barriers which can serve as a base for future research. Future research on the calculation of location decisions is deemed as a crucial step to further understand reshoring and aid companies in the decision-making process.

    Practical implications

    The drivers and barriers identified in the study can give practitioners insight into reshoring from the perspective of the Swedish manufacturing industry and thus aid in future manufacturing location decisions. The table of drivers and barriers can also be important to understand how Sweden can strengthen its competitive advantage and motivate more companies to reshore manufacturing.

    Originality/value

    This is one of only few papers from the Nordic countries and also one of few case studies examining reshoring in manufacturing companies.

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