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  • 1. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Statistik.
    A Monte Carlo Study of Recent Ridge Parameters2007Ingår i: Communications in statistics. Simulation and computation, ISSN 0361-0918, E-ISSN 1532-4141, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 535-547Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Developing Ridge Parameters for SUR Model2008Ingår i: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 37, nr 4, s. 544-564Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    The Effect of Fat-Tailed Error Terms on the Properties of the Systemwise RESET Test2008Ingår i: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 101-113Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    HairJr, Joseph Franklin
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Yolal, Medet
    Isaberg on the edge to future by controlling the lack of snow2009Ingår i: Presented at The international Symposium on Entrepreneurship in Tourism, Rovaniemi, Finland, March 17-21, 2009., 2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a descriptive examination and assessment of a ski resort in southern Sweden – Isaberg. The paper describes an emerging threat most ski resorts are faced with today and in the future – the lack of snow. In many countries financial institutions are much less willing to offer funding for investments in ski resorts under certain heights. This is the result of two trends:  the cut off point for the height of the ski resorts is increasing every year, and at the same time some resorts have fewer skiers.  The likelihood of snow and the ability to offer snow-related products are critical to the success of all ski resorts.  Isaberg, which is significantly below any proposed height cut off points, has strong traditions, a promising market with skiers coming from the domestic Swedish market, as well as Norway, Denmark, Germany and Holland, and very modern facilities – but in recent years the resort has been suffering because of the lack of snow. Isaberg is therefore considering building an inside skiing facility to attract customers and support other local products. Our paper examines the potential of this facility and offers practical and theoretical implications for ski resort management.

  • 5.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Rylander, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Att överbrygga mellan traditionell industri och upplevelseindustri2010Ingår i: Entreprenörskap i regioners tjänst: Ingångar till nya näringar genom design, upplevelser, kulturarv / [ed] Johannisson Bengt & Rylander David, Jönköping: EIDI , 2010, s. 111-130Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nya näringar utvecklas alltid i ett sammanhang som skapats av befintligt närings- och samhällsliv. I detta kapitel fokuserar vi på hinder och möjligheter inför en omvandling av näringslivet i Gnosjöregionen. Regionen karakteriseras mer än de flesta andra i Sverige av en småskalig tillverkningsindustri. Sysselsättningsgraden totalt sett är en av de högsta i landet, såväl bland män och kvinnor som nya svenskar, invandrarna. I takt med utflyttning av verksamhet och automatisering av tillverkningsprocesser minskar behovet av arbetskraft inom traditionell industri vilket ökar kravet på att utveckla nya kompletterande näringar. Omvandling från tillverkningsintensiv produktion till serviceinriktad upplevelseindustri med turism är för många regioner en viktig utmaning. Upplevelseindustrin förväntas bidra till tillväxt och en mer mångsidig arbetsmarknadsstruktur, särskilt attraktiv för unga människor. Omvandlingen mot en mer diversifierad näringsstruktur försvåras av den kulturella fixeringen vid den tidigare så framgångsrika tillverkningsindustrin. Många anonyma ”röster” menar att jobb och företag inom turism och annan upplevelse-industri inte räknas som ”riktiga” jobb och företag. En omorientering av regionens näringsliv måste drivas inifrån/underifrån för att bli beständig, något som tidigare förändringsförsök vittnar om. Samtidigt behövs inspiration utifrån. Kapitlet avslutas med en exemplifiering av Isaberg, som en väletablerad anläggning för friluftsliv, ett etablisse-mang inom upplevelseindustri, som vill vända snöbrist till en möjlighet att överbrygga säsongsvariationer. Ambitionerna för utvecklingen av Isaberg visar potentialen inom turism och annan upplevelseindustri i strävan efter en alternativ näringslivsstruktur.

  • 6.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons from the Gnosjö Region2008Ingår i: Presented at the 17th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research. Conference hosted by Lillehammer University College in Norway, September 25-28th, 2008, 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    The Role of Social Capital in Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons from the Gnosjö region2008Ingår i: Presentated at the 5th Workshop on Social Capital and Development Trends in the Swedish and Japanese Countryside, August 18-19th,  Jönköping, Sweden., 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Rylander, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Attitudes towards Experience industries: A case study of Gnosjö Region in Sweden2009Ingår i: : , 2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Abdullayev, Muzaffar
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Decline in distance effect in international trade2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 10.
    Abolhosseini, Shahrouz
    et al.
    Petr Univ Technol, Natl Iranian Oil Co, Int Affairs, Tehran, Iran.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Sogang Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Rashidghalam, Masoomeh
    Univ Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
    Energy security and competition over energy resources in Iran and Caucasus region2017Ingår i: AIMS Energy, ISSN 2333-8326, E-ISSN 2333-8334, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 224-238Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy security as a dominant factor in international stability is of great importance for major economies. The global energy market with its current level of supply and demand relies on energy sources in the Middle East, Caucasus, Central Asia and Russia. After the Fukushima disaster nuclear powers in Europe view renewable energy sources as a serious alternative. Europe’s energy vulnerability has deteriorated due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict. However, renewable energy sources are not large enough to replace nuclear power completely. This trend will continue with climbing demand especially in the natural gas sector as clean energy. In this research, Caucasus and Iran are considered the main sources and routes for energy transmission to the global market, including Europe. Caucasus plays a key role in bridging Europe and Asia. Also, Iran is an alternative for energy transmission to Europe after lifted sanctions. As part of the European active supply diversification policy Iran has capacity to reduce Europe’s energy dependency on Russia. However, changes in US new administration America First Policy is harmful for the EUs energy security. Caucasus aims to catch a large share of the European energy market since the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline has started operations and Iran is also trying to expand its market to become a sustainable source of energy for major consumers. Therefore, Iran and Caucasus are considered reliable energy suppliers for Europe. In this regard, we analyze the best motivation for changing the direction new suppliers’ energy policies towards Europe and suggest alternative solutions to compete with rival countries in order to enhance energy security.

  • 11.
    Abona, Emil
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    The Relationship between Swedish Equity Funds´Management Fees and Performance2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of people in Sweden and in the rest of the world are becoming more interested in the mutual fund sector. Investments in mutual funds have grown rapidly these past few years. Nilsson (2004) wrote that 85 percent of the Swedish population invested in mutual funds in 2004. The Swedish Investment Fund Association also found an increase in investments in mutual funds; 83 billion Swedish crowns were invested in mutual funds in 2005, an increase from 56 billion in 2004.

    The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate whether or not there is a relationship between low fee, middle fee, and high fee charging Swedish Equity funds and their respective performance (unadjusted and risk-adjusted returns). The Modigliani & Modigliani (1997) risk-adjusted performance measurement was used to calculate the risk-adjusted performance of the 130 mutual funds. And the linear regression was used to analyze whether or not there was a relationship between the variables (management fee vs. returns/risk-adjusted returns). The mutual funds were also divided into three different categories, based on their management fees; low, middle and high fee mutual funds.

    The analysis illustrated that there was no clear relationship between the management fee and the returns/risk-adjusted returns. There was some connection found between the management fee and the low, middle fee category. However, this research confirms that investors should not believe that a mutual fund which charges higher fees necessarily generate higher returns.

  • 12.
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Johansson, Anette
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Picard, Robert
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    The Promotion of Entrepreneurship in the Audio-Visual Media (esp. TV): Final Report for the European Commission, Enterprise and Industry Directorate-General2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Picard, Robert
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Der Portfolio-Ansatz in den Medienindustrien: Ein strategisches Werkzeug mit unterschätztem Wert?2005Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Controlling & Management, ISSN 1614-1822, nr 2, s. 42-48Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Institutional theory is employed for examining how and to what extent external pressure leads to changes in the venture idea during the start-up and early life of new, knowledge-intensive ventures. From a population of 321 young, knowledge-intensive firms that underwent a training program at Linkping University, Sweden, structured telephone interview data were obtained from 167 firms. The results confirmed that the venture idea had undergone more change in ventures that had more external owners, a dominant customer, and an incubator location. The results imply that institutional theory is a meaningful tool for understanding why and how venture ideas change over time.

  • 14.
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entreprenörskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Picard, Robert G
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Challenges and Success Factors in Media Cluster Development: A Review of Contemporary Knowledge2009Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2009: the geography of innovation and entrepreneurship : revised papers presented at the 12th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, 2009, Bari, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: Department of Economics and IT, University West , 2009, s. 9-26Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Picard, Robert G.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Media clusters: development paths and core issues2011Ingår i: Media Clusters: Spatial Agglomerations and Content Capabilities / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Robert G. Picard, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, s. 44-71Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 16. Acs, Z. J.
    et al.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Introduction to Institutions, Entrepreneurship, and Firm Growth: From Sweden to the OECD2002Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 183-187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Acs, Zoltan J.
    et al.
    LSE, London, UK, George Mason University, Faifax, USA.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS). Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Philippe Aghion: recipient of the 2016 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research2017Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Professor Philippe Aghion is the 2016 recipient of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research, consisting of 100,000 Euros and a statuette designed by the internationally renowned Swedish sculptor Carl Milles. He is one of the most influential researchers worldwide in economics in the last couple of decades. His research has advanced our understanding of the relationship between firm-level innovation, entry and exit on the one hand, and productivity and growth on the other. Aghion has thus accomplished to bridge theoretical macroeconomic growth models with a more complete and consistent microeconomic setting. He is one of the founding fathers of the pioneering and original contribution referred to as Schumpeterian growth theory. Philippe Aghion has not only contributed with more sophisticated theoretical models, but also provided empirical evidence regarding the importance of entrepreneurial endeavours for societal prosperity, thereby initiating a more nuanced policy discussion concerning the interdependencies between entrepreneurship, competition, wealth and growth.

  • 18.
    Acs, Zoltán J.
    et al.
    George Mason University, Arlington, VA, United States.
    Lappi, Emma
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship, culture, and the epigenetic revolution: a research note2019Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, s. 1-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We show how the type of alcohol consumed is related to the type of entrepreneurship present for economies in Europe. We differentiate between beer-, wine-, and spirit-drinking countries and distinguish between productive, unproductive, and destructive entrepreneurship. The underlying links do not emerge from drinking per se but rather the drinking habits and taste for beverage types capture deep cultural features and cultural similarities amongst the countries. Societies that prefer to drink beer are closer to each other culturally than those which prefer drinking wine or spirits. Therefore, the taste for alcohol type is merely an instrument in explaining cultural and institutional differences across entrepreneurship. Broadly speaking, beer-drinking countries are characterized by higher shares of productive entrepreneurship, wine-drinking countries with unproductive entrepreneurship, and spirit-drinking countries with destructive entrepreneurship. We discuss mechanisms in which the results are found and highlight a new research agenda, emphasizing the potential role of epigenetics. 

  • 19.
    Adewumi, Sarumi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    The Impact of FDI on Growth in Developing Countries: An African Experience2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines the contribution of foreign direct investment to economic growth in Africa using graphical and regression analysis. Data for the entire continent and data for eleven countries within the continent were used for the empirical analysis. The time series data is from 1970-2003. It was discovered that the contribution of FDI to growth is estimated to be positive in most of the countries but not significant.

  • 20.
    Adler, Patrick
    et al.
    UCLA, United States.
    Florida, Richard
    The University of Toronto's Rotman School, Canada.
    King, Karen
    The University of Toronto's Rotman School, Canada.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    The city and high-tech startups: The spatial organization of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship2019Ingår i: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 87, nr April, s. 121-130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on Schumpeterian entrepreneurship identifies new high-growth startup companies as key factors in technological innovation and economic growth. While economists have tended to focus on high-growth, high-tech startup firms as the unit of analysis, economic geographers and urbanists have examined the geographic dimensions of entrepreneurship, particularly the rise of entrepreneurial clusters and eco systems. We focus here on a particular type of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship associated with high-tech startup companies, or what we refer to as “tech-startup entrepreneurship.” We contend that the organization of such Schumpeterian entrepreneurship occurs at two spatial scales. At the macro-geographic level, it is highly clustered and concentrated in a relatively small number of global cities or metro areas. At the micro-geographic level, it is highly concentrated in distinct districts or micro-clusters within these leading cities and metro areas. To examine the geographic dimensions of tech-startup entrepreneurship across these spatial scales, we use previously unused data on venture capital-financed startups at the metropolitan and district levels. Our findings support the hypothesis that tech-startup entrepreneurship is organized across two distinct but related spatial scales, which act on entrepreneurial activity through different mechanisms. These findings suggest that local diversity and local specialization can simultaneously potentiate innovation, and that a multi-scalar approach to the geography of entrepreneurship is prudent.

  • 21.
    Adolfsson, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Export of Pharmaceutical Products: An analysis of which factors that affects Sweden’s export of pharmaceutical products2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Läkemedelsindustrin är en av Sveriges viktigaste exportindustrier med 6 % av den totala exporten. Syftet med denna uppsats är därför att analysera vilka faktorer som påverkar dess export. Vidare, de olika exportgrupperna av läkemedel som Sverige exporterar kommer att identifieras. Den moderna handelsteorin, monopolistisk konkurrens, produktcykelteorin och gravitationsmodellen används för att förklara och förstå det uppstådda problemet.

    För att analysera problemet så används Sveriges export av läkemedel från 1997 till 2003 för alla 176 destinationer. Följande faktorer används som oberoende variabler; distansen, BNP/capita, arean, folkmängd, dummy variabel för EU-medlemskap, dummy variabel för engelsk- eller skandinaviskspråkiga länder, dummy variabel för gränsande länder till Sverige, dummy variabel för länder som har samma religion som Sverige, samt en dummy variabel för länder som angränsar till vatten.

    Resultatet överensstämmer med tidigare forskning att avståndet och BNP/capita har ett stort inflytande av exporten av läkemedel. Likaså länder med ett stort invånarantal importe-rar mer än länder med ett mindre invånarantal. Däremot, det starka släktskapet mellan ex-portören och de importerande länderna som funnits i tidigare studier observerades inte i exporten av läkemedel. Vidare, Sverige exporterar mest av produktgruppen som innehåller medikamenter bestående av blandade eller oblandade produkter för terapeutiskt eller profy-laktiskt bruk.

  • 22.
    Adolfsson, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Christensson, Jon
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Equity funds - and the Relationship between Return and Administration Fees2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Antalet investeringsfonder och intresset för dessa har under de senaste åren ökat drama-tiskt. 94 % av den svenska befolkningen mellan 18-74 år sparar i någon form av fond. Un-der 2005 uppgick det totala fondkapitalet till ungefär 1,4 miljarder SEK. Det gör detta till ett viktigt ämne att studera vidare.

    Syftet med denna uppsats att analysera om det är något samband mellan förvaltningsavgif-ter, avkastning, riskjusterad avkastning och marknadsanpassad förvaltningsavgift och av-kastning i svenska aktiefonder. Vidare, skiljer sig prestationen mellan fonder beroende på om de är förvaltade av banker, listade som premiepensionsfonder eller förvaltade av andra fondbolag?

    För att analysera dessa frågor användes ’panel least square’ regressioner. Populationen bestod av 63 aktiefonder inom en tidsram av 20 kvartal. Dummy variabler användes för att särskilja bank- och premiepensionsfonder från den totala populationen.

    Observationerna visade liksom tidigare forskningen blandade resultat. Ingen relation hitta-des mellan avkastning, riskjusterad avkastning och förvaltningsavgift. Detta indikerar att fondbolagen inte tar hänsyn till den förväntade avkastningen när de fastställer sin förvaltningsavgift, vilket överensstämmer med tidigare forskning.

    Ett negativt samband hittades emellertid mellan den marknadsanpassade avkastningen och förvaltningsavgiften.

    Generellt presterade banker i genomsnitt bättre än fondbolag som varken var bank- och/eller premiepensionsfonder när det gäller avkastning, riskjusterad avkastning och marknadsanpassad avkastning. Vidare, fonderna med någon avgift utöver förvaltningsavgif-ten var de med den i genomsnitt näst sämsta gällande avkastning.

  • 23.
    Albinsson, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Internal Migration in Östergötland2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
  • 24.
    Alfredsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Winther, Alexandra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Population Ageing and Average Retirement Age: A cross-sectional analysis on OECD countries2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of population ageing becomes more prominent, countries will see a change in the population structure where a majority will belong to the cohort aged 65 and over. This shift in the population structure raises challenges which in turn will affect a country’s economic growth. In the future a larger share of people will enter retirement than ever before, and being able to keep individuals to stay in the labour force is one attempt which can increase the economic growth. Today, elderly tend to retire before the withdrawal age which in many countries is set to 65. The purpose of this research is to identify which factors affect individual’s average age at which they tend to retire. This is conducted by the use of a cross-sectional analysis based upon the 36 member countries of OECD where data has been collected from the year 2016. By the use of an Ordinary Least Squares method, results show that factors such as education, old- age dependency ratio, and average salaries are significant factors which all impacts the average retirement age negatively.

  • 25. Alkamisi, M. A.
    et al.
    Khalaf, G.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Some Modifications for Choosing Ridge Parameters2006Ingår i: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 35, nr 11, s. 2005-2020Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 26. Alkamisi, M. A.
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Bayesian Analysis of a Linear Mixed Model with AR(p) errors Via MCMC2005Ingår i: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 32, nr 7, s. 741-755Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 27.
    Allgurin, Malin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Patterns of Innovation among Urban and Rural Firms: The Effects of Broadband2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the patterns of innovation among firms by using unique survey data on more than 2000 Swedish firms. The purpose of the study is to examine if broadband availability has an impact on firm-level innovation and explore differences between firms in urban and rural municipalities. A probability likelihood method is used estimating the probability of a firm being innovative or not. Using two types of explanatory variables, firm characteristics and location characteristics, the analysis show that firm characteristics are the main determinants of firm innovation. A firm that wants to increase their chances to be innovative should choose an urban location. The availability of broadband increases the probability of innovation. Firms with a good broadband connection can reach other types of knowledge and information. Organisations should therefore strive to have a good broadband connection with a high-speed internet to access external knowledge and increase the innovative activity. 

  • 28. Almasri, Abdullah
    et al.
    Locking, Håkan
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Testing for climate warming in Sweden during 1850-1999, using wavelets analysis2008Ingår i: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 431-443Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 29. Almasri, Abdullah
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Clustering using Wavelet Transformation2008Ingår i: Handbook of research on cluster theory, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2008, s. 169-186Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 30. Almasri, Abdullah
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Testing the casual relation between sunspots and temperature using wavelets analysis2005Ingår i: Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, ISSN 1538-9472, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 134-139Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Almlöf, Hanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    A regulation and transaction cost perspective on the design of corporate law2019Ingår i: European Journal of Law and Economics, ISSN 0929-1261, E-ISSN 1572-9990, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 407-433Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For the corporate business model to be successful, it is important to align the interests of those who control and finance the firm. Corporate law has here an important task to fulfill. It offers a legal framework that can facilitate parties to conclude mutually preferable agreements at low transaction costs. The purpose of this paper is to show how to design corporate law to fulfill this task and apply this knowledge to a Swedish case. A two-dimension model that simultaneously considers both the regulation intensity and the level of default of corporate law is presented. The earlier literature treats these dimensions separately. By adding a transaction cost perspective to our model, we assess different regulatory techniques and examine how the Swedish legislation can be amended to help corporations by offering a standard contract that lowers the transaction costs of contracting. This can be achieved if default rules or standards of opt-out character are combined with other regulatory techniques with lower transaction costs such as opt-in alternatives and menus. We also show how our model can be used in other studies as a tool to analyze the design of legal rules. 

  • 32.
    Alpfält, Tina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Jobben kommer, jobben går...: Skapade och försvunna jobb 2000-20092011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 33.
    Alpfält, Tina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Trada Patterns in Eastern Europe: The Impact of Distance and the Customs Union Effect2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2004 the EU faced its most extensive enlargement ever when ten new countries joined. One can speculate about the reasons for these countries to join the EU and one suggestion that is often found is the access to a larger market and the trade possibilities that would entail; the customs union effect. Therefore this thesis sets out to investigate whether this is plausible; do countries trade more with the EU-countries than their non-EU neighbours? The investigation is conducted through the use of a gravity model. It investigates not only the traditional GDP and distance variables, but also the effects on trade flows caused by sharing borders, being part of the EU and sharing a language. The results show that not much could be seen in the trade flows in 2004; the year of accession. This could be attributed to the existence of preferential trade agreements, which the Eastern European countries had with the EU prior to their accession. It was also found that both the effect of sharing a language and the effect of increased distance are diminishing over the years. In addition a clear difference could be seen in the export from Eastern Europe to EU 15 and the rest of the world; it seems that some extra variables need to be added to explain the non-EU trade. Thus it can be concluded that the motivation for joining the EU should not have been the increased trade possibilities, but rather other factors such as regional development and the possibility to being part of a larger power at international negotiations.

  • 34.
    Alpfält, Tina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Utvärdering av delområdesprognoser 2000-20092011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Alpfält, Tina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Johansson, Börje
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Johansson, Sara
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Scope of export varieties and innovation milieu of local economies2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation by firms and industries requires that the individual firm can combine internal and external knowledge resources. This paper studies product innovations as they are reflected by product varieties and destination markets, combined into observations of firms’ destination-specific varieties(variety pairs). The number of varieties (identified in this way) measuresthe extensive margin of exportflows from industries in local economies, reflecting past product and market (destination) innovations made by industries in each local economy. The empirical analysis identifies for each industry and local economy (i) the intra-industry knowledge resources, (ii) the local access to the supply knowledge-intensive producer services, and (iii) the access to the supply of knowledge-intensive producer servicesoutside the local economy. Thepapercontributes to existing knowledgein several ways. First, it introduces a knowledge-supply accessibility measure to model the local innovation milieu. Second, it shows the joint contribution to product innovation from internal and external knowledge sources. The estimation results supports the hypothesis that innovations are generated in the conjunction of internal and external knowledge.

  • 36.
    Altmann, Jörn
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Al-Athwari, Baseem
    Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Evaluation of e-infrastructure deployment in OECD and MENA countries2017Ingår i: Catalyzing development through ICT adoption: The developing world experience / [ed] H. Kaur, E. Lechman, & A. Marszk, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 113-148Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces new indices quantifying country's level of e-infrastructure deployment. These indices comprise six components, which include several indicators, and are based on parametric or nonparametric methods. They improve existing indices. Based on index calculations, variations between countries, regions, and over time are analyzed. The data used covers MENA and OECD countries, 2000-2007. Analysis results identified areas, in which countries need improvements, and showed that some MENA countries outperformed some OECD countries. The rankings based on the indices differ only slightly. Additionally, the parametric method-based index produces equally distributed value ranges and shows an overall e-infrastructure improvement over time. 

  • 37.
    Altvater, Christoph
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Kottmann, Nils
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade: An Empirical Analysis of Sweden's Bilateral Trade Flows2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to test empirically how well three alternative model formulations manage to explain the effect of exchange rate volatility on Sweden’s bilateral trade flows with 15 of its important trading partners. We test this through multiple time series analyses using aggregate data from the OECD, SCB, and Riksbank. None of the models is able to describe Sweden’s bilateral trade flows systematically for the period between February 1995 and October 2011. It is found that the volatility measured with the GARCH method has a significant effect in nine out of the thirty investigated cases. In five cases, we find a negative relationship, while four cases display a positive effect of exchange rate volatility on bilateral trade flows. These mixed results are in line with previous research. Swedish exports seem to be more affected by exchange rate volatility than Swedish imports. In addition, we find some evidence that the volatilities of vehicle currencies have an effect on Swedish bilateral trade flows.  

  • 38.
    Andersson, Anette
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    The Effect of Increased Gender Equality on Economic Growth in Developing Countries2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether an increase in the level of human capital and reduction of gender inequality in the labor market affect developing nation’s growth rate and welfare. The data used in this thesis cover 74 emerging and developing countries for the years of 2001 and 2007. Solow’s augmented growth model has been used to estimate how increased rates of females and males completing primary school effects economic growth in order to see what effect the Millennium Development Goal’s (MDG) target of universal primary education has on the economy. The rates of female and male participation rates in the labor force are also tested for to see if one can determine how reduced gender inequality affects economic growth. The main findings are that increased female and male completion rates in primary school do affect economic growth positively as expected. However, what was not expected was that an increased participation rate of female and male in the labor force affect economic growth negatively. The conclusion is that increased levels of primary education among males and females will increase economic growth. Hence the MDGs of achieving universal primary education and homogenous education between females and males in 2015 are important for economic growth and increase of welfare.

  • 39.
    Andersson, Anette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Styf, Sofia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    How Does a Depreciation in the Exchange Rate Affect Trade Over Time?2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine how a depreciation in the exchange rate affects the trade balance in an economy over time. The outcomes of a depreciation are possible to analyze through the J-curve phenomenon that shows the relation between the exchange rate and the trade balance both in the short-run and the long-run. The data used in this thesis cover 39 countries and their quarterly changes in exchange rate between 1982 and 2005. The largest depreciation for each country during these years was detected and is the base for this research. In this thesis, focus is on the trade ratio rather than the trade balance for empirical purposes. The relation between the largest depreciations and its effect on the trade ratio are examined in two sets of regressions. The results show no evidence of a J-curve in neither one of the sets of regressions, even though the trade ratio is positively affected by the depreciation. When testing only for significantly large depreciations in the exchange rate the affect on the trade ratio is stronger, all else equal. According to the findings in this thesis, a depreciation in the real effective exchange rate causes the trade ratio to increase immediately and then decrease over time. The conclusion is that the findings are not in line with the J-curve phenomenon tested for; however, they support standard trade theory with the Marshall-Lerner condition being met i.e. a depreciation in the exchange rate will affect the trade balance positively.

  • 40.
    Andersson, David E
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Högberg, Andreas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Corporate Governance Structures, Legal Origin and Firm Performance: A comparative Marginal Q-analysis of Taiwan, Hong Kong and Sweden2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Andersson, David E
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Högberg, Andreas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Corporate Governance Structures, Legal Origin and Firm Performance: A comparative Marginal Q-analysis of Taiwan, Hong Kong and Sweden2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 42.
    Andersson, David E.
    et al.
    Shanghai Tech Univ, Sch Entrepreneurship & Management, Econ, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Political entrepreneurship, infrastructure and regional development2016Ingår i: Political entrepreneurship: Regional growth and entrepreneurial diversity in Sweden / [ed] C. Karlsson, C. Silander, D. Silander, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, s. 62-82Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 43.
    Andersson, David Emanuel
    et al.
    National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Infrastructural change and secular economic development2008Ingår i: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 75, nr 6, s. 799-816Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term economic development is determined by changes to the infrastructure, especially material and non-material infrastructural networks that link agents in different locations. The infrastructure consists of the slowly changing, collective arena that supports production, exchange, and consumption, such as the built environment, transport networks, and institutions. In the short run the infrastructure can be regarded as fixed. Changes to the infrastructure are under normal conditions small enough to be disregarded by producers and consumers. With the creation of a critical link of a network, there will however be a revolutionary restructuring of the arena. Critical links are here defined as additions to infrastructural networks that create opportunities for new information and transport flows between previously unconnected regions. Such a revolutionary restructuring of infrastructural networks has been called a logistical revolution. Certain institutional pre-conditions are necessary for a logistical revolution, while the creation of a critical link is both a necessary and a sufficient condition. This paper discusses the three logistical revolutions that occurred in the 13th century, around 1600, and in the 19th century, which each had crucial similarities with the current “information revolution.”

  • 44.
    Andersson, David Emanuel
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Finance, School of Business and Management, RMIT University Vietnam, Vietnam.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Phase transitions as a cause of economic development2019Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 51, nr 3, s. 670-686Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic development spans centuries and continents. Underlying infrastructural causes of development, such as institutions and networks, are subject to slow but persistent change. Accumulated infrastructural changes eventually become so substantial that they trigger a phase transition. Such transitions disrupt the prior conditions for economic activities and network interdependencies, requiring radically transformed production techniques, organizations and location patterns. The interplay of economic equilibria and structural changes requires a theoretical integration of the slow time scale of infrastructural change and the fast time scale of market equilibration. This paper presents a theory that encompasses both rapidly and slowly changing variables and illustrates how infrequent phase transitions caused four logistical revolutions in Europe over the past millennium. 

  • 45.
    Andersson, David Emanuel
    et al.
    Nottingham University Business School China.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi. Royal Institute of Technology.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Unemployment in European regions: structural problems versus the Eurozone hypothesis2015Ingår i: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 883-905Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Unemployment rates differ dramatically across European regions. This article analyses these differences by integrating institutional and spatial perspectives into a unified dynamic framework distinguishing between slow and fast processes of change. The framework forms the basis for an econometric model that is used to analyse labour market differences among European Nomenclature des unite ́s territoriales statistiques 2 regions. The results of random-effects models indicate that four key factors—all of which are of the slowly changing type—explain a large part of the variation in unemployment as well as employment rates. Flexible labour market regulations and above-average levels of interpersonal trust are institutional factors that reduce unemployment. Accessibility factors such as inter-regional transport connectivity and local access to skilled workers have similarly substantial effects. Whether a region belongs to the Eurozone or not seems to be less important.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Fia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Fredriksson, Tilda
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Economic Performance and R&D2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers tend to disagree on the direction of the relation among R&D and economic growth, suggesting that if economic performance determines R&D investments countries might overinvest in their R&D expenditure. The purpose of this thesis is therefore to shed new light to this question by first establishing a relation among the variables and thereafter investigate the Granger causality between them. This paper is based on a panel study consisting of 60 countries, with various levels of income during the period 1996-2015. Using a fixed effects model, we can establish a positive relation between growth in R&D expenditure and GDP growth and using Granger causality tests and the Toda-Yamamoto augmented Granger causality tests, we can conclude that the growth of R&D expenditure determines economic performance in the short-run for countries in all income levels, however no conclusions can be made regarding the direction of Granger causality in the long-run. Hence, our results show that R&D investments stimulate economic growth and should, to some extent, be favoured by policy regardless of a nation's level of development.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Kouhouta, Guy Constant
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Immigrants’ Contribution to the Society: A Comparison between Sweden and the County of Jönköping2006Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att ta reda på hur stor del av kostnaderna för samhället som går att förknippa till invandrarna i Sverige. Sverige har jämförts med Jönköpings Län för att hitta eventuella avvikelser. Vi har försökt skapa ett beräkningssätt för att kunna visa hur mycket som går ut till invandrarna och hur mycket de ger tillbaka. Vi utrycker oss till största del i relativa termer i uppsatsen, för absoluta tal hänvisas till appendix. För att visa hur vårat beräkningssätt kan användas har vi gjort beräkningar på fyra kostnadsgrupper och en inkomstgrupp. Vi har kommit fram till att invandrare tenderar att arbeta mer än den inhemska befolkningen, men till en lägre lön. Trots detta så kompenseras inte kostnaderna för samhället av dess intäkter när man jämför de som är direkt kopplade till invandrarna.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    A dynamic approach to the tendency of industries to cluster2003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 49.
    Andersson, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Cities, agglomeration, and spatial equilibrium2009Ingår i: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 88, nr 3, s. 693-694Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 50.
    Andersson, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.
    Co-Location Of Manufacturing & Producer Services: A Simultaneous Equation Approach2004Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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