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  • 1. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Measurement of the mass and width of the Zo particle from multihadron final states produced in e+e--annihilations1989In: Physics Letters, no 231, p. p 539-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 2. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Study of the hadronic decays of the Zo boson1990In: Physics Letters, no 240, p. p 271-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 3. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Study of the leptonic decays of the Zo boson1990In: Physics Letters, no 241, p. p 425-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 4.
    Aarstad, J.
    et al.
    Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Jakobsen, S. -E
    Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Foss, Lene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Practice Based Educational Research. UiT The Artic University of Norway, Norway.
    Business incubator management and entrepreneur collaboration with R&D milieus: Does the regional context matter?2022In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ISSN 1465-7503, E-ISSN 2043-6882, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 28-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study whether business incubator management collaboration with R&D milieus affects incubated entrepreneurs to also collaborate with R&D milieus in different regional contexts. Empirically, we analyse 281 Norwegian entrepreneurs in 32 different business incubators. Incubator collaboration with R&D milieus increases entrepreneur collaboration with R&D milieus in sparsely but not densely populated regions. Also, education level increases collaboration with R&D milieus (plus investor milieus and international customers). Entrepreneur collaboration with R&D milieus is positively associated with market orientation and perceptual performance but tends to delay enterprise development.

  • 5.
    Abadi, Farah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Jacobs, Viktor
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Det optimala intranätet: Fallstudie i hur intranätet för ett utbildningsföretag bör utvecklas utifrån ett medarbetarperspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a society like ours we are in need for effective internal communication. Distance will no longer be a problem in order to inform and communicate with all employees within a company. The daily communication previously been eye to eye is now replaced by an equivalent virtual communication.

    This study aims to investigate the ideal image of an intranet based on the needs of employees in the John Bauer Organization. What features are requested by the employees and should all of the information and communication take place via an intranet? What other channels in addition to intranet should there be according to the employees?

    Focus groups have been chosen as the interview method with employees from John Bauer Organization. A content analysis has been done to obtain trends and opinions among the employees.

    Findings of the survey show that there should be an integrated system which only requires one login to access all programs. Empowerment over their own intranet page is also requested, in which employees want to be able to choose the information they want to read. In addition to an intranet, employees also felt that there should be continuous newsletters from leadership and management. In addition, employees expressed the view that there should also be a staff magazine for increasing the "we-feeling" in John Bauer Organization. All the employees interviewed felt that the physical meeting was an important element for the exchange of ideas and understanding among the staff.

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  • 6.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Between facts and ambiguity: Discourses on medical cannabis in Swedish newspapers2021In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 345-360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study examines the discursive construction of medical cannabis in Swedish newspapers, with the aim of understanding how the news media recontextualise the medical potential of cannabis.

    Design: The study is centred on the concept of recontextualisation, which focuses on how discourses are reinterpreted and reshaped when moving from one context to another, with a special focus on recontextualisation in relation to the media. Methodologically, the study uses critical discourse analysis to qualitatively analyse 134 articles of different subgenres, published in four Swedish newspapers between 2015 and 2020.

    Results: The study shows that medical cannabis is constructed around myriad topics and contexts, ranging from news that focuses on the medical potential of cannabis to articles where medical cannabis is mentioned in passing and constructed in a more abstract form. The media have difficulties retaining a conceptual boundary between medical and recreational cannabis. Moreover, the study shows that the medical potential of cannabis is discursively constructed using three different discourses: patient discourse, strong science discourse, and weak science discourse.

    Conclusions: The study suggests that there is a widening of the debate on cannabis in the Swedish public sphere, giving more recognition to the potential medical use of cannabis. The media, however, show difficulties in refining discourses on medical cannabis, which results in an altering between constructions that are strongly connected to science, and those that are not.

  • 7.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Fotbollsplanen kan vara en tickande miljöbomb": Om konstruktionen av risk och expertis i svenska nyhetsmediers rapportering om konstgräs som miljöfråga2019Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines hos Swedish news media recontextualize knowledge about the effects of artificial turfs on the environment, and how they create expert voices about this. The purpose with this endeavor is to deepen the understanding about how the news media negotiate and create expert knowledge about environmental questions and environmental risks. Items from nine Swedish news media are analyzed using critical discourse analysis. The results show that the construction of artificial turfs as an environmental risk is central in the reporting, especially the risk of spreading microplastics in the water. At times, constructions of this kind take the form of alarmism. At the heart of the construction of risk, and central for constructing expert knowledge on the matter, is a report ordered by a government agency, which names artificial turfs as the second biggest source of microplastics. The media show difficulties in problematizing this report, which at times leads to the determination of the negative environmental effects of artificial turfs, but also to constructions of uncertainty. Moreover, the strategy of scientification is important for both constructing artificial turfs as an environmental risk and to offsetting such discourses. The media also show difficulties in handling scientific uncertainty, which sometimes is used to underscore the environmental risk in question. The study concludes with a discussion about how the conditions of journalism and dominating worldviews serve to highlight risk discourses and push back holistic perspectives on the environment.

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  • 8.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Konstgräs som miljöfråga i svenska nyhetsmedier: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys2019Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to examine the framing of artificial turf as an environmental question in Swedish news media. This is done with the twofold purpose to (a) expand the knowledge of how the media covers environmental questions tied to microplastics – something that hitherto is unexplored – and (b) contribute with knowledge about how the media portrays the environmental gains with artificial turf (recycling and circular economical practices) vis-à-vis the environmental risks with the materials (the spread of plastics). 15 Swedish news media and a census of 250 articles published between 2014 and 2018 have been analyzed using content analysis. The results show that artificial turf as an environmental question is reported sparingly, although the coverage has increased from 2016 compared to the previous years. From that year, artificial turf is more clearly connected to the spread of plastics and rubber, which also is the most common environmental problem that artificial turf is associated with in the materials. Viewed against the backdrop of the traditional media logic’s tendencies of favoring problems and risks, the linking of artificial turf with the spread of plastics can explain the increased media interest for the topic. Environmental gains with artificial turf are not normally present in the coverage, which means that this aspect is overshadowed by the environmental risks and problems associated with artificial turf. However, about every third article whose main topic centers on artificial turf and the environment does express uncertainty about the environmental impacts of artificial turf. The framing of artificial turf as an environmental question is to some degree shaped by the public debate about plastics, which gives the media frames of interpretation, as well as makes the topic itself newsworthy.

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  • 9.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Medielogik eller hållbar kommunikation? En intervjustudie om medieringen av konstgräs som miljöfråga2020Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the relationship between the media and other stakeholders in the context of environmental communication and is centered on the mediation of environmental hazards related to artificial turfs and microplastics. Using semi-structured interviews, the study examines the communication strategies of key actors related to the mediation of these environmental issues. This is done with the purpose of contributing to the theorization of how different communication strategies and institutional logics meet and are negotiated in the communication about specific environmental issues. The study relies on 14 interviews with a total of 15 journalists and editors, government agency representatives, politicians, researchers, and tire-industry representatives. A thematic analysis shows that the question of artificial turfs is interesting for the media because they can exploit supposed (environmental) problems attached to the artificial turfs, and the scientific uncertainty that revolves around the microplastic pollution caused by artificial turf pitches is subordinated to the strategies used in the journalistic craft. The study also shows that communication strategies that are in line with the so-called media logic enable stakeholders to reach out with their perspectives in the media, and vice versa. This pattern can for example be seen in the tire-industry’s communicational work about artificial turfs. The study also shows that is the Environment Protection Agency, with a central role in the question of microplastics, has employed an ambivalent communication strategy. The agency has both adopted and disregarded from the media logic. The study also discusses the risks that come with adapting environmental communication to the media logic, an adaption that can become a sustainability problem.

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  • 10.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Meeting the Good Other: Proper distance and the representation of José Mujica in Swedish feature journalism2019In: Iberoamericana: Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, E-ISSN 2002-4509, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 150-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the representation of the then president of Uruguay, José Mujica, in a long-read feature story published in the Saturday supplement of the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter. This is done with the aim of contributing to the understanding of how international journalism constructs distance and proximity in the reporting of distant subjects, and more specifically, how such constructions connect the Swedish audience to (or disconnect it from) political processes and relations in Latin America. In this way, the study contributes to the field of media representation in general, as well as to research on the representation of Latin America, more specifically. Critical discourse analysis is used to analyze the text and visuals. Three result topics are presented. The first comprises discourses that construct difference, such as those highlighting personal characteristics that make Mujica different from other presidents. The second centers on discourses that construct proximity between Mujica and the audience, such as those addressing sustainability and the connections between Sweden, Uruguay and Mujica. The third highlights discourses that distance or downplay difference and revolve around constructions about Mujica’s political past. The paper ends with a discussion of how this representation is able to construct Mujica as a close other without, in the process, abandoning key tenets of contemporary capitalist ideology.

  • 11.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    News for global sustainability?: Reifying and othering social inequality in news2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses news journalism about inequality from a critical point of view, with the aim of contributing to the critical theorization of the relationship between journalism and sustainability. Sustainability and journalism on social inequality are perceived as intersecting in at least two ways. On one level, journalism can serve sustainable development by providing high-quality content that can help citizens to better understand the causes behind social inequality and how it can be overcome. On another level, journalism would itself gain much from sustainable development on a global level, since that would provide a good ground for a high-quality journalism characterized by its professional and democratic ethics rather than one that is strained by market-logics. The paper focuses on reification and problematizes the ways in which social inequality is reified in news journalism. Basing the argumentation on examples from international journalism, it is argued that although the existence of social inequality in a specific country can be acknowledged in the reporting – for example by the reference to rich and poor people and rich and poor geographic spaces – the social, political and historical causes of this inequality remain abstracted. In this sense, reification provides a rather objectivist account on inequality, which in turn limits the critique of the mechanisms that lie behind it. On the long run such constructions serve the legitimation of social inequality, which indeed ought to be seen as a sustainability problem. The paper also argues that for a more sustainable journalism to take place, a shift in the attitude towards social inequality and sustainable development must take place in the broader sociocultural context that surrounds journalism.

  • 12.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    News Journalism for Global Sustainablility?: On the Problems with Reification and Othering when Reporting on Social Inequality2017In: What is Sustainable Journalism?: Integrating the Environmental, Social, and Economic Challenges of Journalism / [ed] Peter Berglez, Ulrika Olausson & Mart Ots, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 135-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Rifts in the hegemony: Swedish news journalism on cannabis legalization2019In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 20, no 11, p. 1617-1634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the journalistic construction of the ongoing international renegotiation of cannabis, with the aim of contributing to the theorization of how journalism mediates between hegemonic and counter-hegemonic positions at times of crisis of hegemonic values. The study perceives the many ongoing attempts of legalizing and decriminalizing cannabis for recreational use as providing a disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of the substance as a dangerous narcotic that is rightly banned, and as intensifying a hegemonic struggle over the meaning of cannabis. Swedish print news journalism about cannabis legalization in different countries and contexts is studied, using critical discourse analysis. The analysis shows that journalism allows for debate between positive and skeptic discourses about the effects of recreational cannabis consumption and its medical benefits, and that voices that argue for cannabis legalization to combat organized crime are given important framing power. This means that a measure of legitimacy is given to discourses that counter the prohibitionist hegemony in Sweden, which means that mainstream journalism in this specific case serves as an arena for challenging hegemonic values that are in crisis.

  • 14.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Struck by the Potentials of Cannabusiness: Exploring the Relationship Between Neoliberal Ideology and Journalism in the Reporting on Legal Cannabis2019In: tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 86-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the reporting on legal cannabis in order to explore the operation of neoliberal ideology in journalistic discourse. Cannabis legalisation is here understood as a way for capitalism to create new market opportunities, besides being a turn away from the so-called ‘war on drugs’. The study understands neoliberalism as operating via market-based logics that are interrelated with other social logics, such as those pertaining to journalism (Phelan 2014). Critical discourse analysis is used for studying Swedish newspaper reporting on legal cannabis between 2013 and 2018. The study shows that a struggle between market-based logics and journalistic practices is visible, where journalism has difficulties in challenging core tenets of neoliberal ideology. The article concludes with a discussion of how the current conditions of journalism limit its ability to challenge neoliberal perspectives.

  • 15.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Through an imperialistic gaze?: Journalism, ideology and the notion of democracy2015In: Differences, Inequalities and Sociological Imagination: Abstract Book, Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences , 2015, p. 929-930Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite that the notion of democracy has a central place in the Western self-image, and also in media studies, research that focuses on how democracy is ideologically loaded in journalistic content is still in its infancy. In recent times, democracy has been used with great enthusiasm by Western political leaders, while the meaning of democracy perhaps is more fuzzy than ever. In times of economic and political crisis, and of a weak Left in most European countries, it is important to examine how journalism constructs notions of democracy, and how such notions reflect specific political positions and interests. This study, which is theoretically rooted in ideology critique, and methodologically inspired by critical discourse analysis, examines how news journalism in the coverage of Venezuela and the Ukraine conflict constructs notions of democracy. The study is specially interested in exploring and discussing the ideological interconnections between imperialism and geopolitical interests, and the journalistic construction of democracy.

  • 16.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2016In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela’s poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

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  • 17.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Towards sustainable journalism? On the need for a new common sense on inequality.2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Weeds in the Hegemony: Understanding Journalism on the Renegotiation of Cannabis2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We are witnessing the renegotiation of cannabis substances in many parts of the world. After being classified as narcotics and subjected to a worldwide ban for several decades, cannabis has now been legalized in Uruguay and in several US states, and decriminalized in some other countries. This paper aims to study how the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, which involves the legalization of the substance in different parts of the world, is constructed in Swedish print news journalism. This is done with the purpose of understanding how news journalism in a context of a traditionally strong drug prohibition (de)legitimizes different positions and perspectives in the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, and to what extent journalism in such a context offers challenges to the reigning prohibitionist hegemony. Although cannabis and the media has been researched extensively, very few studies have been conducted by media and communication or journalism scholars, and contributions have been placed mainly in areas as for example drug policy, drug use and misuse, and public health. The current study, in contrast, wishes to contribute to the critical study of drug journalism. The paper draws on critical theory, understanding the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis as bringing disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of cannabis as dangerous drug that needs to be banned. Journalism is perceived as playing a key role in this context, since journalism is an arena where different discourses on cannabis struggle for prominence. Journalism can in this sense serve the strengthening of counter-hegemonic discourses on cannabis or the reinforcement of the prohibitionist hegemony. The study uses critical discourse analysis as a method to study 49 print newspaper items. The results show that the studied media invites opposed discourses regarding the health risks and the medical benefits of cannabis to be part of the news pages, which creates a somewhat pluralistic view on cannabis. The study also finds that the construction of cannabis legalization as a means to combat organized crime is given significant framing power. These results suggest that the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis in different parts of the world invites Swedish journalism to broaden the debate on the substance and to provide certain legitimacy to positive discourses on cannabis that are otherwise considered deviant in the Swedish drug debate. This serves as an example of how changes in distant political contexts affect the ways in which journalism ascribes legitimacy to specific discourses on drugs.

  • 19.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    With senior citizens in mind? Affordances and constraints in how Swedish government user interfaces offer different contact channels to its users2023In: Communication Policy and Technology Section: Abstracts of papers presented at one or both of the 2023 conferences of the International Association for Media and Communication Research, IAMCR Lyon23 – Lyon, France 9 to 13 July, IAMCR OCP23 – Online 26 June to 12 September, IAMCR – International Association for Media and Communication Research , 2023, p. 57-57Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As one of the leading countries when it comes to the access and use of ICTs (OECD, 2018), Sweden has also been on the forefront of the digitalization of government services. The Agency for Digital government, has launched the principal of Digital First, which means that digital encounters should, when relevant, be prioritized in the interaction between government agencies and citizens (Agency for digital government, 2023). At the same time, research has shown a divide in the diffusion and use of ICTs in Sweden, where increased age plays a negative role for access and literacy (Olsson et al, 2019). Against this backdrop, it is therefore important that the praxis of Digital First, thus the increased digitalization of the encounter between government and citizen, is inclusive also for the less digital savvy citizens, as some groups of elderly. This, in order for digitalization to enable rather than restrict citizenship.

    The current study, which is part of a larger project on senior citizens’ encounter with the digital welfare system in Sweden, analyzes the affordances and constrains of government user interfaces. Using multimodal critical discourse analysis, the study focuses on how government agencies, through the semiotic elements of their online user interfaces, offer and limit engagement and interaction with citizens–both digitally and off-screen. Moreover, the analysis has the overall ambition to discern the explicit and latent characteristics that the user interfaces require the users to have. The user interfaces studied belong to the Swedish pensions agency, 1177 (the Swedish healthcare system’s official website), The municipality of Växjö, and the municipality of Älmhult.

    The study discusses the affordances and constraint of the user interfaces in relation to digital citizenship (Schou & Hjelholt, 2018), a figure that is discursively construed by policy and the user interfaces themselves, but that is also materialized by the new forms of governance in advanced capitalist societies, where the slimming of government passes tasks to the citizen. The study argues that the naturalization of digital citizenship risks making senior citizens, an already vulnerable group, even more vulnerable, as the user interfaces require a certain level of digital literacy. Therefore, light needs to be shed on how user interfaces meet the needs of different groups of citizens, which in turn requires more empirical research on the actual encounters between citizens and government user interfaces.

  • 20.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Digital inkludering eller exkludering? Arbetslösas användning av arbets­förmedlingens webbplats2010In: Den ifrågasatte medborgaren - om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2010, p. 69-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: A study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012In: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, p. 114-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jacobsson, Diana
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Class struggle in the era of post-politics: Representing the Swedish port conflict in the news media2021In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 20-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses how class as a category of conflict and struggle is understood and shaped discursively in mainstream media today. We utilise a case study of how Swedish news media represents the long-lasting conflict in the Swedish labour market between the Swedish Dockworkers’ Union and the employer organisation, Sweden's Ports. Using critical discourse analysis, we show two ways in which class relations are recontextualised in three Swedish newspapers. One is through obscuring class and centring the conflict around business and nationalist discourses, which in the end legitimise a corporate perspective. The other, more marginalised, way is through the critique of class relations that appears in subjective discourse types. This handling of class, we argue, serves the reproduction of a post-political condition.

  • 23.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Nilsson, Johan
    School of Humanities, Education and Social sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fostering the truthful individual: Communicating media literacy in the comic Bamse2021In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 109-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of media literacy in a special issue on source criticism of the Swedish children's comic Bamse – Världens Starkaste Björn [Bamse – The World's Strongest Bear]. This is done with the purpose of understanding what values, perspectives, and practices are promoted when media literacy is communicated via children's edutainment media. Using narrative and discourse analysis, we problematise how notions of truth (such as post-truth) guide much of the discourse on digital media in today's post-political society, and how that and individualisation shape notions of media literacy. This is visible in the analysed case in how source criticism is constructed in relation to notions of truth and falsehood, and as moral lessons aimed at the individual media user. We argue that such an individualised, decontextualised, and depoliticised take on media literacy is problematic and an expression of neoliberalism and a middle-class gaze.

  • 24.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Olausson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    An environmental problem in the making: how media logic molds scientific uncertainty in the production of news about artificial turf in Sweden2023In: Journal of Science Communication, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to contribute knowledge about how an environmental issue is discursively forged notwithstanding the prevalence of significant scientific uncertainty. This is done by studying the production of news about artificial turf as a microplastic pollutant in Sweden. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 journalists and editors, public officials, politicians, industry representatives and experts, all involved in the issue of artificial turf. The study shows how media logic, among other factors, informs the interpretations of the uncertainties surrounding artificial turf as an environmental problem and concludes that the power of media logic needs to be considered also in the construction of other scientifically charged issues.

  • 25.
    Abazeed, Cheyrine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Reham, Alkatmah
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Utländska lärare i en ny läraridentitet: En kvalitativ studie om professionella och kulturella utmaningar och möjligheter i ett nytt skolsystem2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka utländska lärares upplevelse av professionella och kulturella utmaningar och möjligheter de möter som lärare i Sverige. För att besvara studiens syfte formulerades följande frågeställningar: 

    ●      Vilka professionella utmaningar och möjligheter möter utländska lärare i den svenska skolan? 

    ●      Vilka kulturella utmaningar och möjligheter möter utländska lärare i den svenska skolan? 

     

    En kvalitativ forskningsmetod följdes där sju semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med verksamma legitimerade lärare som valdes genom kriteriebaserat urval. Studien indikerar att de största professionella utmaningarna för lärare är språkbarriärer, svårigheter att tolka styrdokument, hantering av digitala verktyg och diskriminering. För att tackla dessa utmaningar och åstadkomma en förändring krävs det mer ansträngning från lärarna. Att ha stöd från kollegor och delta i kollegialt lärande kan också hjälpa lärare att utveckla en bättre förståelse för det svenska skolsystemet. När det gäller de kulturella utmaningarna visar studien att lärarna behövde skapa en ny läraridentitet samt andra typer av relationer till elever än vad de brukade ha i hemlandet. Skapandet av sociala relationer utgör också en utmaning för lärarna i den svenska skolan. Trots detta, så påverkar det, att jobba som lärare i Sverige, lärarnas tänkesätt positivt och det skapar en ny förståelse av utbildning och lärande.  Studiens resultat stämmer väl överens med andra forskningsarbete och verk inom samma område.

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  • 26.
    Abdulhamid, Lawan
    et al.
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Venkat, Hamsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Primary mathematics teachers’ responses to students’ offers: An ‘elaboration’ framework2018In: Journal of Mathematical Behavior, ISSN 0732-3123, E-ISSN 1873-8028, Vol. 51, p. 80-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Responding constructively ‘in-the moment’ to student offers is described as a critical, and yet difficult, aspect of skilful and responsive teaching. South African evidence points to limited evaluation of student offers in schools serving poor communities. In this paper, we present and discuss an ‘elaboration’ framework emerging from a grounded analysis of data drawn from video recordings of 18 mathematics lessons prepared and conducted by four in-service primary school teachers in South Africa. This analysis led to a categorization of the situations in which teacher responses to student offers occurred, and the nature and range of these responses. Three response situations are identified within the framework: breakdown, sophistication, and individuation/collectivization, with a range of response (and non-response) categories in each situation. Literature on responsive feedback is drawn in to explore hierarchies and relationships between the emergent categories within situations of elaboration. The elaboration framework provides a tool for lesson observation, and a model for thinking about developments in responsive teaching.

  • 27.
    Abelson, Micaela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Broström, Linn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Inflytande över utegården på förskolan: en studie om inflytande över förskolors utegårdar från huvudmäns och förskolepedagogers perspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att bidra med ökad kunskap om vad förskolepedagoger och huvudmän anser om deras och barns inflytande över utegårdarna på förskolor i Västra Götaland. En kvantitativ datainsamlingsmetod har valts ut genom enkäter för att kunna besvara studiens frågeställningar. För att analysera resultatet från enkäternas flervalsfrågor har frekvenstabeller skapats, detta för att få en sammanställning av resultatet. Tematisk analys har använts för att hitta specifika teman i svaren från fritextfrågorna. I diskussionsdelen diskuteras resultatet med vårt valda teoretiska perspektiv, Foucaults syn på makt samt relevant litteratur inom ämnet. Studiens resultat har visat att förskolepedagoger och huvudmän anser olika om deras och barns inflytande över utegården. Resultatet visar också att faktorer som tillåtelse, arbetssätt och budget möjliggör och begränsar barns och pedagogers inflytande. Vi tolkar resultatet som att vuxna står i en maktposition och har mer inflytande än barn. Makten verkställs beroende på vilka normer och normaliseringar som finns på de olika förskolorna, även miljön kan bära med sig föreställningar och normer. I resultatet framgick det även att barnkonventionen som ny lag inte har påverkat arbetet gällande inflytande över utegården. Detta tolkar vi som något negativt, eftersom lagen på ett eller annat sätt borde ha påverkat, då den tar upp att alla barn har rätt att utrycka sin mening.

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  • 28.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Consumer-led innovation in social media advertising formats2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, and weblogs, consumer activity is increasingly institutionalized, guarded by rules and norms. Consumers take on tasks previously performed by trained media workers, but they also create new activities, emerging as a new breed of media workers, institutionalizing new fields of the media and advertising industries and their associated practices (Dolbec and Fischer 2015). It has been described how amateur workers develop new ethical norms and rules for publishing, by taking journalistic/editorial decisions on what content to publish and how, within their new institutional domain (Abidin & Ots, 2015).

     

    This paper is focused on a specific group of stakeholders – everyday Internet users who manufacture themselves into a new form of social media microcelebrity known as the ‘Influencer’ (Abidin 2015). Since 2005, many young women have taken to social media to craft ‘microcelebrity personas’ as a career – “a new style of online performance that involves people ‘amping up’ their popularity over the Web using technologies like video, blogs and social networking sites” (Senft 2008: 25). In their most basic capacity, Influencers produce advertorials on blogs and social media platforms in exchange for payment or sponsored products and services (Abidin 2015). Owing to their power to shape purchase decisions, their clients have progressed from small home businesses to bluechip companies including Canon, Gucci, and KLM. Until recently, the most effective advertorials are those that are seamlessly woven into the daily narratives Influencers publish on their blogs and social media, such that readers are unable to tell apart ‘paid opinions’ from ‘unpaid’ sentiments (Abidin 2014). However, along with the maturity of the field, there is a gradual standardization of new advertising formats.

     

    The conducted study explores how semi-professional microcelebrity Influencers create advertising market innovations. Researchers have previously described how consumer fans help firms innovate (e.g. Füller et al 2008), and how fan cultures celebrate their favourite brands by creating their own advertisements (Muniz & Schau 2005; for overview see Ots & Hartmann 2015). This paper takes a slightly different approach – rather than seeing consumers as co-creators, it demonstrates how new actors outside the traditional media and advertising industries, make innovations that compete with the incumbents. We focus on these vernacular advertising innovations in the age of social media, and seek to understand how Influencers orientate towards a youth market in the saturated, visually dominated attention economy of Instagram. The findings include a typology of innovative advertising formats emerging outside the traditional media companies, along with their associated publishing rules as defined by the semi-professional Influencers.

     

    The data draws on a larger study of social media Influencers in Singapore since mid-2010, including over a year of intensive participant observation conducted with these Influencers in the flesh in the capacity of various roles. These interactions and observations were archived in extensively detailed field diaries. 120 personal interviews were conducted with Influencers, Influencer management agencies, (prospective) clients, readers, and friends and family of Influencers between December 2011 and July 2013. Social media content from blogs, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, AskFM, and popular public forums was archived until December 2015. Fieldwork entailed continued interaction with other actors involved in the Influencers’ social milieu, including their peers, backend production management, sponsors and advertisers, and readers. As such, although the data is drawn mainly from the textual and visual content of publically accessed blogs and associated social media platforms including Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook, the analysis is highly contextualised and shaped by long-term ethnographic work among these Influencers. 

  • 29.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Influencers Tell All?: Unravelling Authenticity and Credibility in a Brand Scandal2016In: Blurring the lines: Market-driven and democracy-driven freedom of expression / [ed] Maria Edström, Andrew T. Kenyon & Eva-Maria Svensson, Nordicom, 2016, p. 153-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the emerging practices of social media Influencers. In focus are six influential Instagram Influencers who were ‘exposed’ for involving themselves in campaigns aiming to discredit telecommunications providers in Singapore. In the absence of enforced legal boundaries and industry norms regarding advertising formats and advertising ethics, brand scandals are frequent, causing concern among regulators, brand managers, and platform owners. When starting to accommodate commercial brands and contents in social media posts, Influencers are constantly at risk of breaching their contract of trust with their followers. The case study shows how Influencers, followers, and eventually also the brand clients, are sensitive to what they experience as deceptive and unethical behaviours that will put normative pressures onto the Influencers to conform to certain ethical standards.

  • 30.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Microcelebrity influencers and advertorial disclosure: Practicing the advertising/editorial divide on Instagram2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Influencer’s dilemma: The shaping of new brand professions between credibility and commerce2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new "liquid" media environment involves a range of new professions, practices and practitioners (Deuze 2011). Based on a rich ethnographic study containing personal interviews and participant observation, this paper looks at semi-professional Influencers in the social media marketing industry and asks how these new branding professions and their practices emerge and institutionalize. Specifically, the material draws on data collected between 2011 and 2015 among women Influencers in the ‘lifestyle’ genre in Singapore who advertise products and services in the industry verticals of Fashion, Beauty, and Electronic goods on blogs, Twitter, and Instagram.

  • 32.
    Abrahamsson, Carin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    De, dem och dom: En studie kring gymnasieelevers användande av de/dem/dom i svenska skriftspråket2007Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 33.
    Abrahamsson, Gustav
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Elevers statistiska slutsatser: En kvalitativ studie som undersöker hur elever utan formell statistisk träning drar slutsatser utifrån statistiska data2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how students without formal statistics draw conclusions based on statistical data. The study refers to how pupil draw conclusions based on existing data, reason within the subject statistics and which aspects pupil may have difficulty in perceiving. To investigate this, the following research question were used: How do Swedish students without formal statistical training express informal statistical inferences? 

      

    This study is based on informal statistical inference which means that how to draw conclusions based on already existing data about what will happen in the next step. To collect data for this study, the data collection method focusgroup interviews with students in year 5 was used. The collected data were compiled, analyzed and compared with previous research. The results showed that students have difficulty drawing conclusions based on the existing data because they do not see it in a larger context.

     

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  • 34.
    Abrahamsson, Linus
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    I kölvattnet av Dekaden: En undersökning om hur hållbar utveckling undervisas mot årskurserna 4–62017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development has since the mid nineteen- nineties gained a stronger position in Swedish society. School is no exception and Education for Sustainable Development [ESD] is today seen as one of three environmental education traditions in Swedish school. Research within ESD is limited within Swedish grades 4–6, (age 10–12) and the teacher must use methods used teaching students in higher grades and further education within ESD are limited. The purpose of this study is twofold. First the study will assess how teachers conduct teaching ESD as well as how teachers describe their ESD within natural sciences or social studies. Secondly, the study will investigate how teachers gain new information within ESD. Through a qualitative study, 4 teachers within 2 southern Swedish municipalities participate in semi-structured interviews. The teachers’ answers are interpreted with the hermeneutic theory to see if their education reach ESD.

    The result shows that the participating teachers’ educations have similarities where discussions, students’ participation and interdisciplinary teaching are part of the education. The study also shows that the teachers asking for more education within ESD to develop their own education since the ESD is based on the teachers’ interest.

    All participating teachers describes an ESD education but the students’ participation within education may develop further. Since no further education within ESD have been implemented in the teachers work, school development within sustainable development can lead to new knowledge.

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    I kölvattnet av Dekaden
  • 35.
    Abrahamsson, Linus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Johansson, Oscar
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Håller utvecklingen: En studie om hur hållbar utveckling undervisas i årskurserna 4-6.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undervisningen i hållbar utveckling har sedan mitten av 1990-talet använts som en av tre dominerande miljöundervisningstraditioner i skolan. Hållbar utveckling är idag inget eget ämne, men kursplanen för årskurserna 4-6 lyfter fram begreppet i flertalet ämnen samt att området ska ses ur ett ämnesövergripande perspektiv. Då hållbar utveckling ska undervisas under hela grundskolan har litteraturstudien inriktats på hur undervisningen bedrivs i årskurserna 4-6 och vilken betydelse läraren har för elevernas förståelse. Genom en översikt av aktuell forskning har likheter och skillnader funnits mellan en rad olika arbetssätt. Studien har främst ett fokus på miljöperspektivet inom hållbar utveckling. Studien visar att det finns flera sätt att arbeta med hållbar utveckling som eventuellt kan ha både för och nackdelar. Simulering via datorspel samt utomhuspedagogik är områden forskarna lyfter fram. Studien tar även upp vilka handlingar som är vanligt förekommande i miljöundervisningen. Slutligen presenterar studien en diskussion där resultatet kopplas till våra tidigare erfarenheter och framtida yrkesroll. Något vi finner intressant i studien är avsaknaden av forskning som vänder sig till årskurserna 4-6. 

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    Håller utvecklingen
  • 36.
    Abramsson, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ottenström, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Stick i stäv med värdeorden”: En kvalitativ fallstudie om internkommunikation kopplat till värdeord2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For several centuries, there has been a process where people's duty to work has been replaced by a demand for balance, meaning and quality for the individual at work. This change has motivated organizations to develop their employer brand, since "strong brands gain their power from within" (Parment, Dyhre & Lutz, 2017, p. 28) which requires a consistent organizational identity that is based on shared values and communication strategies (Parment, Dyhre & Lutz, 2017, p. 13–30).

     

    Values as a means of management mean that the organization leads itself with a selected value base to achieve set goals and create a desirable corporate culture. Previous research has shown that employees who enjoy and feel proud of their workplace are a more important factor for employee motivation than financial benefits (Philipson, 2004, p. 56–58). Employees who thrive and live the culture are an important strategic tool for anchoring the culture within the organization (Falkheimer & Heide, 2007, p. 90-91). Both communication and value management can help organizations, if used properly. We chose to conduct a case study on a Swedish state-owned organization, which will be anonymous in this study. A content analysis on collected empirical data from observations, interviews and surveys was conducted to study internal communication through various communication channels, to see if the employees perceive the values as genuine and therefor if the values are used ​​as a means of management.

     

    The conclusion shows that the organization does not fully use value words as an instrument of management, but that the value words affect the interpersonal internal behaviour. The communication channels are used in parallel to maximize the effect of communication but since decisions are made within the organization that contradicts the values, the culture is not perceived as genuine and therefore does not function fully as a means of management, which it has the opportunity to be.

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  • 37.
    Abramsson, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Elevers förståelse av likhetstecknet: En studie i årskurs 32016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to explore the understanding of the equal sign and how the teaching about the equal sign among third grade students can be varied to be as effective as possible.  The aim will be answered trough the questions: what patterns of variation can the studied students meet and what critical aspects have the students identified. Patterns of variation means that what is critical in the teaching should be varied to become visible. Critical aspects is what students need to identify to understand what should be learned. The foundation of the study is the Variation Theory, where patterns of variation and critical aspects are central concepts.

    The observations were accomplished during a third grade lesson and six students were selected for interviews about the equal sign. The result of the study shows that the students met six critical aspects during the lesson. For every critical aspect there were one or several patterns of variation that was exposed to the students. The result also states that the students who were interviewed have a relational and instrumental understanding of the equal sign. The students also have understanding of a critical aspect that they did not meet in the observed lesson, namely that all numbers have to enter in a task. Four out of six students have understanding of the critical aspect that there should be equivalence in a chain of similarities. The result also show that the students understanding of the equal sign is not dependent of that they meet patterns of variation in the teaching, but that they meet the critical aspects somehow.

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  • 38.
    Abyan, Abyan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Kontroversiella frågor i undervisningen: En litteraturstudie om undervisningsstrategier i undervisningen om kontroversiella frågor i klassrummet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a qualitative content analysis that problematizes views on controversial issues in teaching. The purpose of this study is to analyze the pedagogical strategies proposed by research in the teaching of controversial issues. The qualitative method gives me the opportunity to describe and examine the content of the text. This study is based on eight scientific articles and the information on these articles are not meant to be generalize controversial issues in teaching, since the articles do not represent all researchers' opinions on which strategies are most suitable in a classroom. This study problematizes the articles in relation to terms of prejudice, multiculturalism and diversity. These terms will help to explain why controversial issues occur and why it is important to have an open and inclusive environment in the classroom. The result shows that some teachers, in the research in question, discuss controversial issues from an ethnocentric perspective and conflicts are explained by ethnic diversity. The result also shows that some teachers embrace different strategies to meet the controversial questions that occurs in the classroom. One strategy that the articles highlight is the teacher’s willingness to raise different perspectives for nuancing the image of Islam and Judaism. Another strategy that the articles highlight is to tone down the conflict perspective by highlighting similarities between the Abrahamic religions. Furthermore, the results show that there is a controversial perception among the students in the research that Muslims are portrayed as terrorists, religious fanatics in the media. For this reason, students need to be taught controversial issues to balance the one-sided picture of religions that the media provides, where the teachers uphold an intersectional perspective in their teaching.

  • 39.
    Abyan, Mona
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Faktatexter som redskap för läsutveckling: En studie om hur lärare i årskurs 3 och 4 arbetar med faktatexter för att utveckla sina elevers läsförståelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    International studies have shown that students perform equally well in both fiction and factual reading. Although the studies show this result pupils, when they start grade 4, have difficulties in reading fact-based texts. For this reason, the present study is about how teachers work with expository texts as tools for developing reading comprehension. The study is limited to teachers in grades 3 and 4. The study's research questions are as follows:

    • How do the teachers select expository texts for teaching?
    • What opportunities and difficulties do the teachers experience in using expository texts?
    • How do the teachers support their student’s development towards a bigger reading comprehension, with the help of expository texts?

    To obtain the results of the study, a survey and an interview study were conducted. The result shows that teachers mainly choose teaching material when choosing expository texts. The result shows that the two most common difficulties with expository texts for students are to understand topic-specific words and the content of expository texts. Teachers support their students' reading development in different ways. A large proportion use reading comprehension strategies in connection with reading expository texts, especially in grade 4. However, expository texts are primarily seen as a tool for learning content.

  • 40.
    Abyan, Rahma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Somaliska migranters upplevelser av den svenska arbetsmarknaden: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om somaliska migranters upplevelser av integration på svensk arbetsmarknaden i Jönköpings kommun2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After Somalia's civil war in 1991, several Somalis migrated to various countries, including Sweden, to obtain better social and economic conditions. People from Somalia migrated due to conflicts, wars, environmental problems and more that made it difficult for them to stay in Somalia. In this study, Somali migrants' experiences of searching for a job and work in Sweden are examined. The study’s question concerns how Somali migrants experience jobseeker and the Swedish labor market, what opportunities they experience that the Swedish labor market and finding a job contributed to, and what challenges they have encountered.  

    In this study, a qualitative method is applied in the form of semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis with an inductive approach was used to analyze the collected material. Seven Somali migrants participated in the study, of which five out of seven are working. The other two Somali migrants attend Swedish for Immigrants (SFI). All seven informants were in Jönköping municipality when this study was investigated.

    The results show that Somali migrants feel that the job search took longer than expected, but that social contact networks and Arbetsförmedlingen have contributed to their employment. The opportunities Somali migrants experience from the Swedish labor market are that their independence has been strengthened, the possibility of self-sufficiency, good economic conditions and social relations. Challenges they face in the labor market are lack of language skills as well as difficulties in finding a job due to their ethnic and religious identity, which they feel is the reason they have been discriminated against.

  • 41.
    Adair, Brooke
    et al.
    School of Allied Health, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.
    Ullenhag, Anna
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Keen, Deb
    Autism Centre of Excellence, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Qld, Australia.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Imms, Christine
    School of Allied Health, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.
    The effect of interventions aimed at improving participation outcomes for children with disabilities: a systematic review2015In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 57, no 12, p. 1093-1104Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    Enhancement of participation has been described as the ultimate outcome for health and educational interventions. The goal of this systematic review was to identify and critically appraise studies that aimed to improve the participation outcomes of children with disabilities.

    Method

    Nine databases that index literature from the fields of health, psychology, and education were searched to retrieve information on research conducted with children with disabilities aged between 5 years and 18 years. Articles were included if the author(s) reported that participation was an intended outcome of the intervention. The articles included were limited to those reporting high-level primary research, as defined by Australia's National Health and Medical Research Council evidence hierarchy guidelines. No restrictions were placed on the type of intervention being investigated.

    Results

    Seven randomized controlled or pseudo-randomized studies were included. Only three of these studies identified participation as a primary outcome. Both individualized and group-based approaches to enhancing participation outcomes appeared to be effective. Studies of interventions with a primary focus on body function or activity level outcomes did not demonstrate an effect on participation outcomes.

    Intepretation

    Few intervention studies have focused on participation as a primary outcome measure. Approaches using individually tailored education and mentoring programmes were found to enhance participation outcomes, while exercise programmes, where participation was a secondary outcome, generally demonstrated little effect.

  • 42.
    Adair, Brooke
    et al.
    Centre for Disability and Development Research, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.
    Ullenhag, Anna
    Physiotherapy Department, Mälardalens University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Rosenbaum, Peter
    McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Keen, Deb
    Autism Centre of Excellence, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Qld, Australia.
    Imms, Christine
    Centre for Disability and Development Research, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.
    Measures used to quantify participation in childhood disability and their alignment with the family of participation-related constructs: a systematic review2018In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 60, no 11, p. 1101-1116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:

    We aimed to identify measures used to assess the participation of disabled children and to map the measures' content to the family of participation-related constructs (fPRC) to inform future research and practice.

    METHOD:

    Six databases were searched to identify measures used to assess participation in health, psychology, and education research. Included studies involved children aged 0 to 18 years with a permanent impairment or developmental disability and reported use of a quantitative measure of participation. A second search sought relevant literature about each identified measure (including published manuals) to allow a comprehensive understanding of the measure. Measurement constructs of frequently reported measures were then mapped to the fPRC.

    RESULTS:

    From an initial yield of 32 767 articles, 578 reported one or more of 118 participation measures. Of these, 51 measures were reported in more than one article (our criterion) and were therefore eligible for mapping to the fPRC. Twenty-one measures quantified aspects of participation attendance, 10 quantified aspects of involvement as discrete scales, and four quantified attendance and involvement in a manner that could not be separated.

    INTERPRETATION:

    Improved understanding of participation and its related constructs is developing rapidly; thoughtful selection of measures in research is critical to further our knowledge base.

    WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS:

    The fPRC can support our rapidly evolving and expanding understanding of participation. Instruments selected to measure participation do not always align with emerging concepts. Matching research aims to a chosen measure's content will improve understanding of participation. Opportunities exist to develop validated participation measures, especially self-reported measures of involvement.

  • 43.
    Adams Lyngbäck, Liz
    et al.
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Bylund, Christine
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Gillberg, Claudia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell. KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Jones, Geoff
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Larsdotter, Mia
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Nelson, Becky
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    The impact of COVID-19 on disabled citizens in Sweden [blog post]2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Adelgren, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Lundqvist, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Teckenkommunikation - ytterligare ett sätt att kommunicera: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om kommunikation i förskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att utveckla kunskap om förskollärares användning av teckenkommunikation i förskolan. Frågeställningarna vi har i vår studie är: hur motiverar förskollärarna användandet av teckenkommunikation samt hur beskriver förskollärarna att de använder teckenkommunikation på förskolan? Studien är genomförd med kvalitativa intervjuer av förskollärare som valts ut för att de har erfarenhet av teckenkommunikation. Resultatet är bearbetat utifrån en tematisk analys, och analysen har ett sociokulturellt perspektiv där begrepp som mediering och den proximala utvecklingszonen är centrala. Förskollärarna motiverar användandet av teckenkommunikation som språkutvecklande och beskriver att de använder det i både vardagliga situationer samt i undervisningen. De belyser att teckenkommunikation behövs för att barn ska kunna göra sig förstådda oavsett vilka förutsättningar varje barn har. Resultatet visar att det finns en osäkerhet kring hur teckenkommunikation kan användas i förskolan. Samtidigt menar en del av förskollärarna att vårdnadshavare har en kritisk bild till användandet av tecken och förskollärarna betonar att det krävs mer kunskap om tecken för att belysa det som en fördel i barns språkutveckling.

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  • 45. Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Discourse about children with mental disablement: An analysis of teacher-parent conferences in special education schools1998In: Language and Education, ISSN 0950-0782, E-ISSN 1747-7581, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 81-98Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    …so one can plant a little seed…: An analysis of a teacher's way of solving a communicative problem in talks with parents2000In: Nordisk Pedagogik, ISSN 0901-8050, E-ISSN 1504-2995, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 191-205Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Så kan man så ett litet frö: Analys av en lärares sätt att lösa ett kommunikativt problem i samtal med föräldrar1999In: Möten: En vänbok till Roger Säljö, Tema Kommunikation, Linköpings universitet , 1999Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Who is Cindy?: Aspects of identity-work in a teacher- parent-pupil talk at a special school2000In: Text - an interdisciplinary journal for the study of discourse, ISSN 0165-4888, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Adem, Nadja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Nur, Rahma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    "But where are you really from?": A qualitative study about young Afro-Swedes view on their own identity and sense of belonging2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how young Afro-Swedes view their identity and sense of belonging in Swedish society, and whether they face challenges and how it affects their social inclusion. This is examined through eight semi-structured interviews with six women and two men who are all born and raised in Sweden. Furthermore, thematic analyses have been applied to the material. The two concepts that have been used to analyze and discuss the collected data is ethnicity and belonging. The results of this study indicates that young Afro-Swedes do not identify as Swedish mostly because society categorizes them as “immigrants”. There is a clear perception that Swedish people are all white, blond and blue eyed which they as black citizens do not fit into. Because of this, young Afro-Swedes have faced many challenges and some of them feel socially excluded. The challenges they have in common is racism and xenophobia which has negatively affected them in many ways. The result of this study also shows how social environment, skin color, religion, and residential area have a major impact on how Afro-Swedes choose to identify as well as their sense of belonging in Sweden.

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  • 50.
    Adinda, Diana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Simonsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Utomhuspedagogikens möjligheter och begränsningar: En kvalitativ studie om lärare och elevers uppfattningar om utomhuspedagogik i fritidshemmet2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka lärares upplevelser av att bedriva utomhuspedagogik i fritidshem. Studien riktar sig även mot elevers upplevelser av fritidshemmets utomhusmiljö.

    Frågeställningar:

    • Hur arbetar lärarna med utomhuspedagogik i fritidshem?
    • Vilka möjligheter och begränsningar upplever lärarna att det finns för att bedriva utomhuspedagogik i fritidshem?
    • Hur upplever äldre elever i fritidshem utomhusmiljön? 

    Studien har sin utgångspunkt i kvalitativ metod där semistrukturerade intervjuer använts som datainsamlingsmetod. Deltagarna i studien är fyra lärare och sex elever på två fritidshem. Resultatet visade att fritidshemmen är utomhus varje dag och de utgår främst ifrån elevernas behov och intressen när de planerar verksamheten. Lärarna ser möjligheter med att bedriva utomhuspedagogik då de anser att det som går att göra inomhus kan göras utomhus. Begränsningar som framkom var att kollegornas olika prioriteringar påverkar arbetsområdet samt att skolgården, planeringstiden och ekonomin sätter begränsningar. Eleverna anser att skolgården är anpassad mer för de yngre eleverna och uttrycker behovet av att utmanas, upptäcka nya platser samt få lugn och ro. 

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