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  • 1. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Statistik.
    A Monte Carlo Study of Recent Ridge Parameters2007In: Communications in statistics. Simulation and computation, ISSN 0361-0918, E-ISSN 1532-4141, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 535-547Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Developing Ridge Parameters for SUR Model2008In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 544-564Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Effect of Fat-Tailed Error Terms on the Properties of the Systemwise RESET Test2008In: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 101-113Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Aaby Orellana, Tanja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kirkegaard, Betina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att implementera personcentrerad omvårdnad i slutenvården: -         En Empirisk Studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Person-centred care (PCC) is when the person seeking care get’s involved in their care and are seen as more then their illness or ailment. PCC as a concept began in dementia care, but is now the approach that most healthcare institutions strive after. To achieve the improved care that PCC can bring, there is need for a well- planned and clear implementation plan from the management.

    Aim: To describe the nursing staffs experience of implementing person-centred care as a work procedure in inpatient care.

    Method: An inductive qualitative study where eleven interviews was completed. Eight interviews were strategically chosen and a content analysis was carried out.

    Result: There is hope among the participants that implementation will bring a better and safer care, but also concerns about fear of change among the healthcare staff and increased workloads. Participants experience that PCC will place higher demans on the healthcare staff, especially nurses, regarding time, knowledge and communication skills.

    Conclusion: To provide the best care, there has to be dedicated and competent staff who also have the support and understanding from the management. Despite the obstacles that seem to exist, there is a positive spirit among the nurses in relation to the implementation of person-centred care.  There is hope that person-centred care, among other things, will increase participation that could lead to shorter hospital stays and risk of needing to seek care again short after being discharged from the hospital. Ultimately it provides a better care in the whole for the individual person seeking care.

  • 5. Aagaard, Richard
    et al.
    Hansen, Preben N
    Hartmann, G.C
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and Manufacturing - Casting.
    Numerical simulation of mold filling, solidification and feeding og T-plate shrinkage test castings used in ductile iron plan trialsReport (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6. Aagaard, Richard
    et al.
    Hansen, Preben N
    Schönning, R
    Schäfer, R
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and Manufacturing - Casting. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Prediction of shrinkage, micro structure and mechanical properties in ductile iron casting1993Report (Other academic)
  • 7. Aagaard, Richard
    et al.
    Hattle, J
    Schafer, W
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and Manufacturing - Casting. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Hansen, Preben N
    Simulation vs. reality of an industrial ductile iron casting1996In: Transactions of the American Foundrymen's Society, Vol. 104, p. 659-667Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Aakula, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Det där med delaktighet - det är nog lite begränsat det": Professionellas perspektiv på kognitivt funktionshindrades delaktighet vid flytt till egen bostad.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att ur professionellas perspektiv undersöka hur personer med kognitiva funktionshinder är delaktiga i beslut gällande flytt till egen bostad samt hur professionellas handlingsutrymme påverkar besluten. Studien genomfördes som en kvalitativ intervjustudie med hermeneutisk ansats och kvalitativ innehållsanalys som bearbetningsmetod. Intervjuer gjordes med fem anställda, de flesta av dem socionomer inom en offentlig organisation som producerar tjänster för personer med kognitiva funktionshinder. Resultatet visar att personer med kognitivt funktionshinder har begränsad delaktighet och få valmöjligheter i beslut gällande flytt till egen bostad. Delaktigheten påverkas av klientens och socialarbetarens förmåga att kommunicera med varandra men trots det användes inga kommunikationshjälpmedel i utredningen. Anhöriga antar ofta rollen som klientens tolkningsföreträdare och när det gäller beslut om flytt till egen bostad är det anhöriga som tar beslutet oberoende klientens grad av funktionshinder. Socialarbetarna upplever sig styrda av överordnade men det hindrar dem inte från att ibland överskrida det formella handlingsutrymmet för att göra det som de anser vara det bästa för klienten.

  • 9. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Measurement of the mass and width of the Zo particle from multihadron final states produced in e+e--annihilations1989In: Physics Letters, no 231, p. p 539-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 10. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Study of the hadronic decays of the Zo boson1990In: Physics Letters, no 240, p. p 271-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 11. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Study of the leptonic decays of the Zo boson1990In: Physics Letters, no 241, p. p 425-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 12.
    Aarts, Mariëlle P. J.
    et al.
    Building Physics and Services, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment. Building Physics and Services, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Diakoumis, Adonia
    Building Physics and Services, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    van Hoof, Joost
    Fontys EGT—Centre for Healthcare and Technology, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Shedding a light on phototherapy studies with people having dementia: A critical review of the methodology from a light perspective2016In: American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementia, ISSN 1533-3175, E-ISSN 1938-2731, Vol. 31, no 7, p. 551-563Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Light therapy is applied to older people with dementia as a treatment to reset the biological clock, to improve the cognitive functioning, and to reduce behavioral symptoms. Although the methodological quality of light therapy studies is essential, many aspects concerning the description of the lighting applied are missing. This study reviewed light therapy studies concerning the effects on people with dementia as a way to check the methodological quality of the description of light from a light engineering perspective. Twelve studies meeting the inclusion criteria were chosen for further analysis. Each study was scored on a list of aspects relevant to a proper description of lighting aspects. The overview demonstrates that the overall quality of the methodologies is poor. The studies describe the lighting insufficiently and not in the correct metrics. The robustness of light therapy studies can be improved by involving a light engineer or specialist.

  • 13.
    Aarts, Mariëlle P. J.
    et al.
    Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Straathof, Jochem
    Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    van Hoof, Joost
    Centre for Healthcare and Technology, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Dynamic lighting systems in psychogeriatric care facilities in the Netherlands: A quantitative and qualitative analysis of stakeholders’ responses and applied technology2015In: Indoor + Built Environment, ISSN 1420-326X, E-ISSN 1423-0070, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 617-630Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term care facilities are currently installing dynamic lighting systems with the aim to improve the well-being and behaviour of residents with dementia. The aim of this study was to investigate the implementation of dynamic lighting systems from the perspective of stakeholders and the performance of the technology. Therefore, a questionnaire survey was conducted with the management and care professionals of six care facilities. Moreover, light measurements were conducted in order to describe the exposure of residents to lighting. The results showed that the main reason for purchasing dynamic lighting systems lied in the assumption that the well-being and day/night rhythmicity of residents could be improved. The majority of care professionals were not aware of the reasons why dynamic lighting systems were installed. Despite positive subjective ratings of the dynamic lighting systems, no data were collected by the organizations to evaluate the effectiveness of the lighting. Although the care professionals stated that they did not see any large positive effects of the dynamic lighting systems on the residents and their own work situation, the majority appreciated the dynamic lighting systems more than the old situation. The light values measured in the care facilities did not exceed the minimum threshold values reported in the literature. Therefore, it seems illogical that the dynamic lighting systems installed in the researched care facilities will have any positive health effects.

  • 14.
    Aarts, Mariëlle P.J.
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    van Duijnhoven, Juliëtte
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam B. C.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Rosemann, Alexander L.P.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Performance of personally worn dosimeters to study non-image forming effects of light: Assessment methods2017In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 117, p. 60-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When determining the effects of light on human beings, it is essential to correctly measure the effects, and to correctly measure the adequate properties of light. Therefore, it is important to know what is being measured and know the quality of the measurement devices. This paper describes simple methods for identifying three quality indices; the directional response index, the linearity index and the temperature index. These indices are also checked for several commonly used portable light measurement devices. The results stresses what was already assumed, the quality and the outcome of these devices under different circumstances were very different. Also, the location were these devices are normally worn has an impact on the results. The deviation range between worn vertically at eye level and the wrist is between 11% (outdoor) to 27% (indoor). The smallest deviation, both in indoor and outdoor, was found when the device was placed on the sides of the eye (7%). 

  • 15.
    Abadal Mahmood Abadi, Mahboobeh
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Nasseri, Mehran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Shirmohammadian, Davood
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Efficient Business Intelligence systems utilization: Deliberation of information quality significance on decision-making2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Business Intelligence (BI) system facilitates informed and timely decision making incompetitive business environment. However, decision making can turn out to be highlychallenging if information delivered by BI system does not meet certain level of quality.Organization can benefit from provided information if they are correct, comprehensive,current, and accessible. The organizational members who use BI application to make decisionare best informants to verify the quality of delivered information. Additionally,the implementers of BI system are the one who must be aware of delivering high qualityof information and can explain the reason of failures if any. It is critical to inquire bothimplementers and users. Therefore, the factors that can affect the quality of informationwere studied through comprehensive literature review. Low quality of information maymake customers/ suppliers’ relationship worse, shrink the efficiency of the business performance,decrease the level of trust on BI, and eventually cause to lose the competitivenessin market place. This thesis is intended at investigating fundamental dimensionsthat hinder effective utilization of information in BI system and realizing how these dimensionscan affect the quality and outcome of decisions. Study with an exploratorypurpose was designed and conducted at a chain retail stores in Iran to gather empiricaldata from both group of BI users and implementers through focus group interview. Theresult of investigation shows the main BI system utilized to facilitate customer/ supplierrelationship management and store operation management. Business areas and activitiesinfluenced by the quality of information include, inventory management, customer loyalty,competitiveness, and supplier management. The information quality issues are encounteredmainly due to technical failures, lack of competent system developers, changesin business environment, inappropriate documentation during the system developmentlifecycle, and logical error in programming and designing algorithms. The time, effort,and resources spent on exploring and resolving problems regarding to the quality of informationhad a great influence on efficiency and effectiveness. Documentation duringsystem development life cycle is emphasized as a crucial factor that necessitates furtherstudy in documentation subject. The preliminary findings signify the importance of study to consider information quality in BI practice.

  • 16.
    Abadi, Farah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Jacobs, Viktor
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Det optimala intranätet: Fallstudie i hur intranätet för ett utbildningsföretag bör utvecklas utifrån ett medarbetarperspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a society like ours we are in need for effective internal communication. Distance will no longer be a problem in order to inform and communicate with all employees within a company. The daily communication previously been eye to eye is now replaced by an equivalent virtual communication.

    This study aims to investigate the ideal image of an intranet based on the needs of employees in the John Bauer Organization. What features are requested by the employees and should all of the information and communication take place via an intranet? What other channels in addition to intranet should there be according to the employees?

    Focus groups have been chosen as the interview method with employees from John Bauer Organization. A content analysis has been done to obtain trends and opinions among the employees.

    Findings of the survey show that there should be an integrated system which only requires one login to access all programs. Empowerment over their own intranet page is also requested, in which employees want to be able to choose the information they want to read. In addition to an intranet, employees also felt that there should be continuous newsletters from leadership and management. In addition, employees expressed the view that there should also be a staff magazine for increasing the "we-feeling" in John Bauer Organization. All the employees interviewed felt that the physical meeting was an important element for the exchange of ideas and understanding among the staff.

  • 17.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    News for global sustainability?: Reifying and othering social inequality in news2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses news journalism about inequality from a critical point of view, with the aim of contributing to the critical theorization of the relationship between journalism and sustainability. Sustainability and journalism on social inequality are perceived as intersecting in at least two ways. On one level, journalism can serve sustainable development by providing high-quality content that can help citizens to better understand the causes behind social inequality and how it can be overcome. On another level, journalism would itself gain much from sustainable development on a global level, since that would provide a good ground for a high-quality journalism characterized by its professional and democratic ethics rather than one that is strained by market-logics. The paper focuses on reification and problematizes the ways in which social inequality is reified in news journalism. Basing the argumentation on examples from international journalism, it is argued that although the existence of social inequality in a specific country can be acknowledged in the reporting – for example by the reference to rich and poor people and rich and poor geographic spaces – the social, political and historical causes of this inequality remain abstracted. In this sense, reification provides a rather objectivist account on inequality, which in turn limits the critique of the mechanisms that lie behind it. On the long run such constructions serve the legitimation of social inequality, which indeed ought to be seen as a sustainability problem. The paper also argues that for a more sustainable journalism to take place, a shift in the attitude towards social inequality and sustainable development must take place in the broader sociocultural context that surrounds journalism.

  • 18.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    News Journalism for Global Sustainablility?: On the Problems with Reification and Othering when Reporting on Social Inequality2017In: What is Sustainable Journalism?: Integrating the Environmental, Social, and Economic Challenges of Journalism / [ed] Peter Berglez, Ulrika Olausson & Mart Ots, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 135-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Rifts in the hegemony: Swedish news journalism on cannabis legalization2018In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the journalistic construction of the ongoing international renegotiation of cannabis, with the aim of contributing to the theorization of how journalism mediates between hegemonic and counter-hegemonic positions at times of crisis of hegemonic values. The study perceives the many ongoing attempts of legalizing and decriminalizing cannabis for recreational use as providing a disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of the substance as a dangerous narcotic that is rightly banned, and as intensifying a hegemonic struggle over the meaning of cannabis. Swedish print news journalism about cannabis legalization in different countries and contexts is studied, using critical discourse analysis. The analysis shows that journalism allows for debate between positive and skeptic discourses about the effects of recreational cannabis consumption and its medical benefits, and that voices that argue for cannabis legalization to combat organized crime are given important framing power. This means that a measure of legitimacy is given to discourses that counter the prohibitionist hegemony in Sweden, which means that mainstream journalism in this specific case serves as an arena for challenging hegemonic values that are in crisis.

  • 20.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Through an imperialistic gaze?: Journalism, ideology and the notion of democracy2015In: Differences, Inequalities and Sociological Imagination: Abstract Book, Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences , 2015, p. 929-930Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite that the notion of democracy has a central place in the Western self-image, and also in media studies, research that focuses on how democracy is ideologically loaded in journalistic content is still in its infancy. In recent times, democracy has been used with great enthusiasm by Western political leaders, while the meaning of democracy perhaps is more fuzzy than ever. In times of economic and political crisis, and of a weak Left in most European countries, it is important to examine how journalism constructs notions of democracy, and how such notions reflect specific political positions and interests. This study, which is theoretically rooted in ideology critique, and methodologically inspired by critical discourse analysis, examines how news journalism in the coverage of Venezuela and the Ukraine conflict constructs notions of democracy. The study is specially interested in exploring and discussing the ideological interconnections between imperialism and geopolitical interests, and the journalistic construction of democracy.

  • 21.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2016In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela’s poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

  • 22.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Towards sustainable journalism? On the need for a new common sense on inequality.2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Weeds in the Hegemony: Understanding Journalism on the Renegotiation of Cannabis2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We are witnessing the renegotiation of cannabis substances in many parts of the world. After being classified as narcotics and subjected to a worldwide ban for several decades, cannabis has now been legalized in Uruguay and in several US states, and decriminalized in some other countries. This paper aims to study how the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, which involves the legalization of the substance in different parts of the world, is constructed in Swedish print news journalism. This is done with the purpose of understanding how news journalism in a context of a traditionally strong drug prohibition (de)legitimizes different positions and perspectives in the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, and to what extent journalism in such a context offers challenges to the reigning prohibitionist hegemony. Although cannabis and the media has been researched extensively, very few studies have been conducted by media and communication or journalism scholars, and contributions have been placed mainly in areas as for example drug policy, drug use and misuse, and public health. The current study, in contrast, wishes to contribute to the critical study of drug journalism. The paper draws on critical theory, understanding the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis as bringing disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of cannabis as dangerous drug that needs to be banned. Journalism is perceived as playing a key role in this context, since journalism is an arena where different discourses on cannabis struggle for prominence. Journalism can in this sense serve the strengthening of counter-hegemonic discourses on cannabis or the reinforcement of the prohibitionist hegemony. The study uses critical discourse analysis as a method to study 49 print newspaper items. The results show that the studied media invites opposed discourses regarding the health risks and the medical benefits of cannabis to be part of the news pages, which creates a somewhat pluralistic view on cannabis. The study also finds that the construction of cannabis legalization as a means to combat organized crime is given significant framing power. These results suggest that the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis in different parts of the world invites Swedish journalism to broaden the debate on the substance and to provide certain legitimacy to positive discourses on cannabis that are otherwise considered deviant in the Swedish drug debate. This serves as an example of how changes in distant political contexts affect the ways in which journalism ascribes legitimacy to specific discourses on drugs.

  • 24.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Digital inkludering eller exkludering? Arbetslösas användning av arbets­förmedlingens webbplats2010In: Den ifrågasatte medborgaren - om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2010, p. 69-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: A study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012In: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, p. 114-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Abassian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons for the Gnosjö Region2010In: Social capital and development trends in rural areas: Vol. 5 / [ed] Hans Westlund, Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Jönköping: RUREG , 2010, p. 41-53Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Abbaraju, Nanda
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Sending and Receiving Data between Mobile and Data Logger2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Abbas, Päivi Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Stockholms stad.
    Kommunala riktlinjer för anhöriganställningar: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys med feministisk teoriansats2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim was to investigate municipal guidelines for paid dependent care which were available online, i.e. documents regarding situations where a relative is hired to care for a next-to-kin. The overall aim has been built on the following three research questions regarding how municipalities describe: 1) which situations qualify for paid dependent care, 2) how the elderly person’s needs are met in case of paid dependent care and 3) how the dependent caregivers’ rights and well-being are ensured?

    There is no legal basis for demanding cash-for-care setting, and the local self-government determines whether the municipality offers this form of care. Recently, paid dependent care has been restricted and banned in several Swedish municipalities, and according to some statistics paid dependent care is allowed in 55–65 % of the Swedish municipalities. It is mostly women of foreign origin who are dependent caregivers nowadays, and feminist care research and the media lift up cash-for-care settings as a trap for women and for migrant integration.

    The study included guidelines from a total of 21 municipalities, which were analyzed using qualitative content analysis according to Elo & Kyngäs (2007). The guidelines analysed were found from the websites of Sweden's 121 medium and large municipalities (more than 20 000 inhabitants). The results were processed using feminist theory (Hirdman 2012).

    The results show that overall there are few guidelines available in Sweden's municipalities and that the regulations differ in the different municipalities’ guidelines. The guidelines that are available often contain general or vague descriptions. One conclusion is therefore that many municipalities ensure their own discretion and prevail through vague and general rules in their guidelines. From a feminist perspective, these different municipal policies create unfair structures and differences in conditions and terms for the elderly and their family caregivers regarding cash-for-care settings. Finally, the result shows that the few detailed descriptions prioritize elder people's rights over their caregivers'. Ensuring the paid dependent caregivers’ rights is mainly described to be done by checking and controlling them. In other words, the paid dependent caregivers are often invisible in the guidelines, are often regarded as pseudo-employees and therefore fall between the cracks in terms of their need for support (Sand 2010).

  • 29.
    Abbas, Syed Muhammad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering. Jönköping University.
    Henricsson, Christopher
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering. Jönköping University.
    A Simulation Framework for Efficient Search in P2P Networks with 8-Point HyperCircles2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report concerns the implementation of a simulation framework to evaluate an emerging peer-to-peer network topology scheme using 8-point hypercircles, entitled HyperCircle. This topology was proposed in order to alleviate some of the drawbacks of current P2P systems evolving in an uncontrolled manner, such as scalability issues, network overload and long search times. The framework is supposed to be used to evaluate the advantages of this new topology. The framework has been built on top of an existing simulator software solution, the selection of which was an important part of the development. Weighing different variables such as scalability and API usability, the selection fell on OverSim, an open-source discreet-event simulator based on OMNET++.

    After formalizing the protocol for easier implementation, as well as extending it for better performance, implementation followed using C++ with OverSim’s API and simulation library. Implemented as a module (alongside other stock modules providing their own protocols such as Chord and Kademlia), it can be used in OverSim to simulate a user-defined network using one of the simulation routine applications provided (or using a custom application written by the user). For the purposes of this thesis, the standard application KBRTestApp was used; an application sending test messages between randomly selected nodes, while adding and removing nodes at specific time intervals. The adding and removing of nodes can be configured with probability parameters.

    Tentative testing shows that this implementation of the HyperCircle protocol has a certain performance gain over the OverSim implementations of the Chord and Kademlia protocols, measurable in the time it takes a message to get from sender to recipient. Further testing is outside the scope of this thesis.

  • 30.
    Abbas, Yasir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Zeeshan Ahmed, Rana
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Product Placement in Movies and Tv Shows: Exploring consumer attitude towards consumer electronics2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Abbasi, Sina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Swedish housing market: An investigation of whether there exists a bubble in the market for one- or two dwelling buildings2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Segregation: The rising costs for America – Edited by James H. Carr and Nandinee K. Kutty2009In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 88, no 1, p. 245-246Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Bildt, Carina
    Högskolan på Gotland.
    Empowerment through Entrepreneurship: A tool for integration among immigrant women?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigates whether entrepreneurship among immigrant women in Sweden may be a way to achieve integration in working life and thereby increase their empowerment. Sixteen female entrepreneurs were interviewed. They started their businesses for a number of reasons: unemployment, lack of suitable jobs and career possibilities, discrimination and forced privatization, desire for personal development, independence and freedom, or work within one’s own field of interest. We conclude that entrepreneurship can be a tool for increasing empowerment among educated immigrant women.

     

  • 34.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    HairJr, Joseph Franklin
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Yolal, Medet
    Isaberg on the edge to future by controlling the lack of snow2009In: Presented at The international Symposium on Entrepreneurship in Tourism, Rovaniemi, Finland, March 17-21, 2009., 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a descriptive examination and assessment of a ski resort in southern Sweden – Isaberg. The paper describes an emerging threat most ski resorts are faced with today and in the future – the lack of snow. In many countries financial institutions are much less willing to offer funding for investments in ski resorts under certain heights. This is the result of two trends:  the cut off point for the height of the ski resorts is increasing every year, and at the same time some resorts have fewer skiers.  The likelihood of snow and the ability to offer snow-related products are critical to the success of all ski resorts.  Isaberg, which is significantly below any proposed height cut off points, has strong traditions, a promising market with skiers coming from the domestic Swedish market, as well as Norway, Denmark, Germany and Holland, and very modern facilities – but in recent years the resort has been suffering because of the lack of snow. Isaberg is therefore considering building an inside skiing facility to attract customers and support other local products. Our paper examines the potential of this facility and offers practical and theoretical implications for ski resort management.

  • 35.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Att överbrygga mellan traditionell industri och upplevelseindustri2010In: Entreprenörskap i regioners tjänst: Ingångar till nya näringar genom design, upplevelser, kulturarv / [ed] Johannisson Bengt & Rylander David, Jönköping: EIDI , 2010, p. 111-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nya näringar utvecklas alltid i ett sammanhang som skapats av befintligt närings- och samhällsliv. I detta kapitel fokuserar vi på hinder och möjligheter inför en omvandling av näringslivet i Gnosjöregionen. Regionen karakteriseras mer än de flesta andra i Sverige av en småskalig tillverkningsindustri. Sysselsättningsgraden totalt sett är en av de högsta i landet, såväl bland män och kvinnor som nya svenskar, invandrarna. I takt med utflyttning av verksamhet och automatisering av tillverkningsprocesser minskar behovet av arbetskraft inom traditionell industri vilket ökar kravet på att utveckla nya kompletterande näringar. Omvandling från tillverkningsintensiv produktion till serviceinriktad upplevelseindustri med turism är för många regioner en viktig utmaning. Upplevelseindustrin förväntas bidra till tillväxt och en mer mångsidig arbetsmarknadsstruktur, särskilt attraktiv för unga människor. Omvandlingen mot en mer diversifierad näringsstruktur försvåras av den kulturella fixeringen vid den tidigare så framgångsrika tillverkningsindustrin. Många anonyma ”röster” menar att jobb och företag inom turism och annan upplevelse-industri inte räknas som ”riktiga” jobb och företag. En omorientering av regionens näringsliv måste drivas inifrån/underifrån för att bli beständig, något som tidigare förändringsförsök vittnar om. Samtidigt behövs inspiration utifrån. Kapitlet avslutas med en exemplifiering av Isaberg, som en väletablerad anläggning för friluftsliv, ett etablisse-mang inom upplevelseindustri, som vill vända snöbrist till en möjlighet att överbrygga säsongsvariationer. Ambitionerna för utvecklingen av Isaberg visar potentialen inom turism och annan upplevelseindustri i strävan efter en alternativ näringslivsstruktur.

  • 36.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons from the Gnosjö Region2008In: Presented at the 17th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research. Conference hosted by Lillehammer University College in Norway, September 25-28th, 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Role of Social Capital in Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons from the Gnosjö region2008In: Presentated at the 5th Workshop on Social Capital and Development Trends in the Swedish and Japanese Countryside, August 18-19th,  Jönköping, Sweden., 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Regional samverkan inom turism: Exempel från Gnosjöregionen2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten är att studera förutsättningar för regional samverkan inom turism mellan kommunerna Gislaved, Gnosjö, Vaggeryd och Värnamo och komma med förslag på åtgärder som kan främja en konkurrenskraftig destinationsutveckling. Rapporten grundar sig på en analys av ett antal teoretiska utgångspunkter liksom praktiska exempel som stöd för att förstå de resultat som fångats upp. Ett antal intervjuer med kommunala tjänstemän och företrädare för näringen visar att det finns flera frön för framtida samverkan i regionen. Det gemensamma arbetet innebär deltagande i mässor, gemensam marknadsföring, gemensamma kartor med ett direkt värde för turister och med en lägre kostnad för entreprenörer och kommun. Kartläggningen av kommunala och regionala förutsättningar visar att en rad attraktioner har potential för attraktionskraft och vidare utveckling.

    I intervjuer och samtal har vi kunnat urskilja vissa kommunikationsproblem mellan kommunerna. Information når inte alltid fram. Det efterlyses större applicering av gemensamma databaser, som skapar ökad genomskinlighet och jämförbarhet mellan kommuner. Effektivare användning av teknik tillsammans med kompetensutveckling kan förbättra kommunikationen mellan aktörerna i regionen.

    Vi föreslår att funktionen av nätverket kan förbättras genom fördjupad samverkan kring mässor, marknadsföring, en gemensam portal, mellan företag genom fler forum för samverkan såsom träffpunkt Store Mosse.

    Vidare föreslås att gemensam identitet kring samverkan kan fördjupas. En väg är att GGVV och Gnosjöregionen ersätts med ett nytt namn som syftar framåt för fördjupad samverkan. Vi tror att kommunerna kan förlora på att helt överge varumärket `Gnosjöregionen´, som utstrålar starka industritraditioner men samtidigt vinna mycket på att gå framåt med ett namn som vinner större uppslutning.

  • 39.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Attitudes towards Experience industries: A case study of Gnosjö Region in Sweden2009In: : , 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Attityder till upplevelseindustri: Vad säger lokala politiker ochföretagsledare i tillverkningsindustrin?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genomgång av intervjumaterialet visar att det finns skillnader mellan politikers och företagsledares attityder. Den första gruppen har generellt sett en positiv attityd till upplevelseindustrin och särskilt till turism och design. Företagsledarna däremot har en mer avvaktande attityd när det gäller dessa näringars roll i regionens framtida utveckling. Politikerna i undersökningen har mer kunskap om upplevelseindustrin än de intervjuade företagsledarna. Båda grupperna betonar dock en ökad betydelse för design i regionens näringsliv. Här finns viss kunskap om att både estetisk och funktionell design är nödvändig för en slutprodukts attraktivitet.

    Nyfikenhet och intresse för att driva sitt företag med inslag av upplevelsenäring finns hos en tredjedel av de tillfrågade företagsledarna. Detta andas möjligheter för korsbefruktningar mellan tillverkningsindustri och upplevelseindustri i framtiden.

    Utmaningen är att via mötesplatser mellan näringarna skapa en miljö som främjar utveckling av nya kombinationer av idéer, vilket kan resultera i kunderbjudanden som genererar nya företag och arbetstillfällen.

    För att utveckla upplevelseindustrin i regionen behövs skräddarsydd kompetensutveckling tillsammans med regional samverkan mellan tillverkningsindustrin, tjänstesektorn, entreprenörer inom områdena kultur, turism och design samt lokala myndigheter.

    De företagsledare inom tillverkningsindustrin som idag är nyfikna på upplevelsenäring skulle kunna dela med sig av kunskaper och erfarenheter och med en öppen attityd finna samarbeten med entreprenörer inom områdena kultur, turism och design.

    Framgångsrika entreprenörer inom upplevelseindustrin som Isaberg och High Chaparral kan fungera som förebilder.

    Politiskt finns mycket att vinna med att GGVV-kommunerna tillsammans arbetar fram en gemensam vision och strategi för upplevelseindustrins utveckling i regionen. I denna kan upplevelseindustrins infrastruktur i form av motorer, mötesplatser, leverantörsnätverk, paketkombinationer, kompetensutvecklingscentra och samarbetsorganisationer tydliggöras. Detta skulle kunna bli den karta aktörerna behöver för att identifiera och skapa synergier.

    Samarbeten med större branschorganisationer som Smålands Turism och Stiftelsen Svensk Industridesign liksom med Högskolan i Jönköping och Linnéuniversitetet kan främja en gemensam kraftsamling i Småland. Samarbetet inom Entreprenörsregionen är ännu av liten betydelse men potentialen inför framtiden ska inte underskattas.

  • 41.
    Abbass Nagim, Tony
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Molin, Jonas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Psychopaths in the media: Criminals, madmen or hidden among us?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When society is viewed in a social constructive manner, the social worker is as affected as the general population by the media and the image it portrays. A prejudice or bias social worker will not be as effective in his work as his intentions are.

    The purpose of this thesis was to discover if there are any visible cultural differences in the usage and description of the concept of psychopathy or a psychopath himself in the media, more specifically, daily newspapers. There are three American newspapers and three Swedish newspapers examined in this study.

    The study is based on a quantiative content analysis of articles published between 1st of January 2008 and 1st of July 2012. The collected data is categorized where the articles can fall under one or more of five available categories. Even though no clear results occurred, some interesting indications are visible between American newspapers and Swedish newspapers, but more so between different American newspapers. Psychopaths, people with an Antisocial Personality Disorder, are most frequently mentioned as criminals or maniacs/madmen in both countries with a modestly higher percentage for the United States of America.

  • 42.
    Abdallah, Mohammed A.
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Biellmann, J. - F.
    Nordström, B.
    Brändén, C. I.
    The Conformation of Adenosine Diphosphoribose and 8-Bromoadenosine Diphosphoribose when Bound to Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase1975In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 475-481Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Abdallaoui Berrada, Chakir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Ciro, aida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Bottlenecks in the Freight Forwarding sector in West - coast Africa2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem – The expansion of global trade and supply chain integration has put great emphasison logistics, particularly in the intermediary sector, freight forwarders. Whilst in developedcountries freight forwarders benefit from competitive markets and trade facilitatingpolicies, this sector in West coast Africa exhibits low logistics performance levels. Inorder to address such issues, one needs to analyse the problem and identify the causes; thisthesis focuses on identifying the bottlenecks in the freight-forwarding sector in west coastAfrica.Purpose – The main purpose of this study is to identify the bottleneck/s within thefreight-forwarding industry in west coast Africa, namely: Angola, Cameroon, DR of Congo,Gabon, and Nigeria.Method – This thesis employs a pre-study and case study method, to ensure sufficient collectionof relevant material, taking into account the lack of research in this subject. We usedthe material obtained from the interviews and the secondary source, to structure our purpose,research questions, and to define the case of our study.Results – The study concludes with a series of interesting findings; First, the activity of aFreight Forwarder depends on a series of factors that do not depend on the Freight Forwarderper se. And second, Freight Forwarders in order to accomplish their tasks, have accessto services that are shared by all providers, and that are beyond their control. To conclude,the study identifies infrastructure as a major bottleneck in the Freight Forwarding sector.

  • 44.
    Abd-El-Samie, Jasmen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Asbaha, Winta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Tarar, Shah Alam Riaz
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Use of Online Reviews for Pure Player Products2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic commerce is the selected field to investigate for this thesis, particularly pure player apparel brands. This has been of interest as consumers struggle when shopping online for apparel since they cannot test the product before purchasing with pure players, therefore, there is information asymmetry. Moreover, when consumers lack trust, they may be more hesitant to purchase online due to the perceived risk, therefore, companies should attempt to relieve their doubts. It has been recognized in previous research that electronic word of mouth (e-WOM) could provide guidance and develop confidence during the purchasing process. The aim of this study was to develop an understanding on how consumers perceive online reviews to assure that they will be satisfied with the order. Moreover, there were several factors identified in previous research that could influence the use of online reviews, therefore, those factors were recognized and analyzed in the context of pure players for this study. In addition, the study revealed two factors that influenced the use of online reviews. A qualitative method was utilized, to gain a deeper understanding on consumers’ opinions on the topic. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to provide the opportunity for individuals to further develop their responses. The results suggested that pure player apparel brands should include online reviews. They could improve the mechanism by considering the factors that were identified in this study.

  • 45.
    Abdi, Joseph
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Moms på elektroniska tjänster2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2002 the member states of EU took a decision regarding whether to introduce a special tax base on digital supplies or not. This tax base was later on implemented to the member states domestic laws. Question may sometimes arise as to where or by whom VAT should be paid regarding electronically supplies. The administrative court and the Swedish government have made different judgments regarding two Swedish companies whose services already have been subject to VAT in other member states. While the administrative court sentenced company A to pay VAT the government exempted company B.

    This bachelor thesis will examine how tax claims regarding the same electronically supply can occur in different member states and if the providers are selling to or from a permanent establishment or if they are to be considered as distributors.

    The answer to the first question can partly be due to the difference between Swedish law and EU-law regarding the different use of word for designating a taxable person. The words used for designating a taxable person have different meanings which can constitute confusion. It can furthermore be due to the vague and broad definition for the term electronically supplies and the differences that occur, regarding what can be covered by the definition of electronically supplies.

    Providers of digital supplies shall pay VAT in the country where the buyer has his place of business or where the fixed establishment is located to which the supplies are provided. Regarding revenue or acquisition it is the one who acts like the real seller or the customer who acquires and consumes the provided service who determines where the supply is situated. The main elements for the services provided have to be examined.

    Providers of digital supplies are not to be regarded as distributors because they do not meet the criteria’s that are set out for the term. 

  • 46.
    Abdi, Tara Mahsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Behandling av företagsandelar vid bodelning i anledning av äktenskapsskillnad: Särskilt om lagvalsfrågan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Familjejurister ställs idag ofta inför komplicerade fall som leder till än mer komplicerade bedömningar när det gäller äktenskapsmål av internationell karaktär. Globaliseringen tar för var dag mer fart och många väljer att flytta över nationsgränserna där det händer att relationer och äktenskap ingås. Förekomsten av dubbelt medborgarskap blir även vanligare. För att kunna behärska internationella familjefrågor måste kunskap om svensk och utländsk internationell privat- och processrätt finnas. Det är sällan säkert vilket lands lag som är bäst och som går att åberopa. Beroende på vilket lands lag som tillämpas innebär det i vissa fall stora skillnader på resultat, bland annat i fall där företagsandelar finns inblandade. Förbises eventuella konsekvenser som de olika lagarna kan medföra leder det till svårigheter i fråga om gränsöverskridande äktenskap inte minst när det finns tillgångar av betydande värde, exv. företagsandelar. Området som reglerar juridiska frågor av internationell karaktär är den internationella privat- och processrätten. Den ger oss bland annat kunskap om jurisdiktion och lagval, dvs. huruvida domsrätt föreligger samt vilket lands lag som ska tillämpas av domstolar. Varje nation har sina egna internationella privaträttsliga regler varav många länders lagar inom området har ursprung i internationella konventioner eller EU-förordningar. Det internationella samarbetet är i vissa fall begränsat till regioner, exv. inomnordiska förhållanden eller länder inom EU. Olika länders lagar ser olika ut vad gäller äktenskapsförord samt bodelning, även inom EU är det stora skillnader. När en av två makar, som ingått äktenskap i Sverige men som senare tagit hemvist i England, sedan tröttnar på det nya hemvist landet och flyttar tillbaka till Sverige blir det överraskande att den ena parten kan hävda att annan lag än svensk lag ska tillämpas vid en bodelning. Viktigt att veta är att resultatet av en bodelning får olika effekter beroende på vilket lands lag det är som tillämpas på förmögenhetsförhållandet. I fall där företagsandelar finns inblandade uppstår känsliga konflikter som inte bara påverkar individen själv utan ibland även företaget och övriga aktieägare. Konsekvenserna av att inte vara juridiskt förberedd genom äktenskapsförord eller bolagsordning med aktieägaravtal kan innebära ekonomiskt bakslag för aktieägaren eller företaget.

  • 47.
    Abdiu, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Strandberg, Mikael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Stridsberg, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The impact of a real-time IT-Logistics solution: Implementation effects and consequences2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s business market is highly competitive, therefore companies need to be constantly updated and change the way they operate their business, in order to survive and remain competitive. The situation on today’s market requires that companies have the ability to quickly respond to market changes and new customer demands within short product lifecycles. In order to deal with this new market situation, companies need to improve the integration with other companies within their business. This integration facilitates the companies’ ability to quickly adapt to new market situations and survive on a fast changing market. One of the main underlying concepts of this collaborative commerce is Supply Chain Management (SCM) which integrates and coordinates a company’s processes both internally and externally. Information Technology (IT) could improve the effectiveness of SCM. IT-solutions make the business processes more effective and improves the integration with other actors within the supply chain. The purpose with this thesis is to describe and explain the effects for businesses and the consequences for its processes when implementing a real-time IT-Logistics solution together with identifying the critical success factors. The thesis has been conducted by studying theory regarding supply chain management, business renewal and implementation effects. Further, a case study has been conducted where three actors have been interviewed; a manufacturer (Volvo Powertrain), a subcontractor (Metallfabriken Ljunghäll AB) and a system developer (PipeChain). The analysis of the theoretical framework and the empirical research has contributed with an identification of major effects and consequences when implementing a real-time IT-Logistics solution. Some of the effects are: inventory reduction, higher delivery accuracy, improved relations and increased flexibility. Examples of consequences these effects have caused are: more accurate planning and production, effective production processes as well as an improved delivery process. Additionally, success factors for an implementation have been identified such as mutual trust, understanding of change and evaluation.

  • 48.
    Abdollahifakhr, Hamon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Supported Engineering Design.
    Sengul, Ceyhun
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Supported Engineering Design.
    AUTOMATIC DESIGN OF WIRING PATTERN FOR CAR SEAT HEATERS2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This projects aims to develop design automation in product development. Design automation causes increase in producibility and decrease in product cost and manufacturing lead time.

    The study at hand is proposed to provide a new method and to introduce procedure to the design of wiring pattern for a car seat heater for Kongsberg Automotive, KA. KA is a Norwegian company and a global provider of engineering, design, and manufacture for seat comfort, driver and motion control systems, fluid assemblies, and industrial driver interface products. The method that currently is used in the company to create a wiring pattern is neither sufficient enough nor automated.

    In order to design the wiring pattern, at first procedure is handled by the designer. Secondly, car seat heater 2D layout is imported and then, the dimensions of the elements are defined as constraints. Then VBA codes are opened and the program is run. The result will be a wiring pattern in different 2D layouts. To make the design process easier, we have modeled five different layouts; wiring pattern of one element, two elements, three elements, five elements (with two back sides) and one element trapezoidal 2D layout.

    The algorithm written in VBA (Visual basic for application) creates the pattern according to the dimensions of the elements which are used as inputs to define constrained parameters. The created macros are simple to use and easy to modify, independent from the programming knowledge. The user is only responsible with parameter input and running the program. The solution gives wiring pattern for a car seat heater.

  • 49.
    Abdula, Shada
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Individens rätt till en rättvis rättegång inom skälig tid: Artikel 6.1 Europakonventionen om mänskliga fri och rättigheter ur ett svenskt perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Individens rätt till rättvis rättegång inom skälig tid har sedan 1951 funnits i Europakonventionens mänskliga fri- och rättigheter, EMRK, för att försäkra individen om den grundläggande rätten. Rättsläget ser ut som sådant att Sverige inte alltid lyckas uppfylla konventionens innehåll, då flera mål varje år förenas med oskäligt långa väntetider mellan förundersökning till slutdom.

    Uppsatsens syfte är att utreda hur svenska domstolar beaktar artikel 6.1 EMRK, varför rätten till rättvis rättegång inte har fått grundlagsstatus hittills i Sverige samt i vilken utsträckning de rättigheter i artikel 6.1 EMRK återfinns i svensk rätt. Syftet är även att besvara varför grundlagsreformeringen kan ha en positiv inverkan på rättsläget.

    EMRK inkorporerades i svensk rätt 1995, då uppkom en diskussion om den nya lagens rättsliga status, men det avgjordes snabbt att lagen inte skulle få grundlagskydd. Ett starkt argument bakom beslutet var att det i sådana fall skulle innebära dubbelreglering på ett antal rättigheter som redan stadgades i regeringsformen. Författaren tror att rätten till rättegång inom skälig tid föll bort som en följd av regeringens argument, vilket idag orsakar ett antal konventionsbrott i Sverige. Staten är skyldig att gottgöra för konventionsbrotten enligt artikel 13 EMRK, genom att vidta åtgärder som en följd av brottet. Genom tiden har ett antal åtgärder uppkommit genom praxis, som ett komplement till lag för att gottgöra för de brott som begås på området. Utöver de kompensationsalternativ som diskuteras i uppsatsen finns lagen om förtursförklaring i domstol, där tanken är att mål som har dröjt oskäligt länge ska kunna förtursförklaras av domstol, detta för att gottgöra för förseningen innan det är för sent. Tillämpning av det alternativet skulle då leda till att ingen kompensation behöver utgå, då det i slutändan inte blir tal om ett konventionsbrott.

    Propositionen ”En reformerad grundlag” är planerad att träda ikraft 2011, ifall förslaget röstas igenom för en andra gång. Däri stadgas bland mycket annat rätten till rättvis rättegång inom skälig tid. En reformering är enligt författaren en långsiktig lösning på problemet. Reformeringen kan resultera i minskning av antalet brott, vilket skulle innebära färre skadeståndsanspråk mot staten. Den planerade reformeringen är därmed enligt författaren nödvändig för att värna om medborgarnas grundläggande fri- och rättigheter, vilket borde vara en självklarhet för en demokratisk rättsstat som Sverige.

  • 50.
    Abdulameer, Hasanain
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Chamoun, Kristian
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    BIM i små och medelstora anläggningsföretag.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to improve the usage of BIM in facility projects.

    Method: The methods used for this bachelor thesis are qualitative interviews and literature studies.

    Findings: Free programs will be available for usage where models can be opened, viewed, examined and studied. The small and medium-sized facility companies will not be forced to use resources to cope with the requirements of Trafikverket.

    Implications: Consequences are that the small and medium-sized civil engineering companies understand and follow the requirements.

    • Using more 3D models to gain more experience and skills in the subject.

    • Attend the Trafikverkets industry days when opportunities arise, the authors believe that it was very instructive.

    • Engage in more BIM projects.

    • Older projects where the drawings are in 2D is converted into 3D.

     

    Limitations: How BIM is used during the management process will not be covered.

    Keywords: Productivity, resource, competence, experience, BIM.

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