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  • 1. Heikkinen, Riita-Liisa
    et al.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Avlund, Kirsten
    Depressive symptoms in late life: Results from a study in three Nordic urban localities1995In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 315-330Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. Jarott, Shannon E
    et al.
    Zarit, Steven H
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Johansson, Lennarth
    Adult day care for dementia: A comparison of programs in Sweden and the United States1998In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 99-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Sternäng, Ola
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Lövdén, Martin
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Kabir, Zarina N.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Hamadani, Jena D.
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Wahlin, Åke
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Different context but similar cognitive structures: Older adults in rural Bangladesh2016In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 143-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most research in cognitive aging is based on literate participants from high-income and Western populations. The extent to which findings generalize to low-income and illiterate populations is unknown. The main aim was to examine the structure of between-person differences in cognitive functions among elderly from rural Bangladesh. We used data from the Poverty and Health in Aging (PHA) project in Bangladesh. The participants (n = 452) were in the age range 60–92 years. Structural equation modeling was used to estimate the fit of a five-factor model (episodic recall, episodic recognition, verbal fluency, semantic knowledge, processing speed) and to examine whether the model generalized across age, sex, and literacy. This study demonstrates that an established model of cognition is valid also among older persons from rural Bangladesh. The model demonstrated strong (or scalar) invariance for age, and partial strong invariance for sex and literacy. Semantic knowledge and processing speed showed weak (or metric) sex invariance, and semantic knowledge demonstrated also sensitivity to illiteracy. In general, women performed poorer on all abilities. The structure of individual cognitive differences established in Western populations also fits a population in rural Bangladesh well. This is an important prerequisite for comparisons of cognitive functioning (e.g., declarative memory) across cultures. It is also worth noting that absolute sex differences in cognitive performance among rural elderly in Bangladesh differ from those usually found in Western samples.

  • 4.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    School of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, UK .
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    In Search of the Everyday Life of Older People in Japan: Reflections Based on Scholarly Literature2013In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 435-451Article in journal (Refereed)
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