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  • 1.
    Berggren, Fredrik
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Nystedt, Paul
    University of Linköping.
    Changes in alcohol consumption: An analysis of self-reported use of alcohol in a Swedish national sample 1988-89 and 1996-972006In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 304-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To analyse factors associated with alcohol consumption, and how these changed over the period 1988-97, a period during which Sweden entered the European Union. Methods: Data were used from two waves (1988-89 and 1996-97) of the representative longitudinal micro-level ULF survey in Sweden to estimate a two-part model of consumption. Results: Experiencing financial stress, monthly salary, and not being married were all correlated with alcohol consumption, especially for males in 1988-89. In 1996-97 these correlations were much weaker, revealing a levelling-out trend towards conformity. The pattern was less clear for females. Further, the youngest age group (16-29 years) increased its consumption significantly more than the older age groups. Conclusion: There were significant changes in alcohol behaviour, especially for males, coinciding with Sweden joining the EU and preceding the very substantial general increase in consumption levels since 1998. This underlying process should be kept in mind when analysing the more recent trends. The results support the contention that alcohol policy should be a combination of measures targeting the whole population (e.g. via public health campaigns) with specific measures directed towards more vulnerable groups (e.g. young people).

  • 2.
    Borgh, Madeleine
    et al.
    Iris Hadar Limited company, Malmö, Sweden.
    Eek, Frida
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Organisational factors and occupational balance in working parents in Sweden2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 409-416Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Parents with small children constitute a vulnerable group as they have an increased risk of sick leave due to stress-related disorders compared to adults without children. It has been shown that mothers and fathers to small children together spend more time in paid work than any other group, which could create negative stress and an experience of low occupational balance.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to examine associations between organisational factors and occupational balance among parents with small children in Sweden.

    Methods:

    Data were collected by a survey including questions about occupational balance, organisational factors and age, sex, employment rate, work position, monthly household income, number of children at home, separation/divorce last five years and overtime. The total number of parents included in this study was 718 (490 mothers and 228 fathers). Logistic regression models were applied to examine the odds ratios for occupational balance in relation to organisational factors.

    Results:

    Parents who experienced positive attitudes towards parenthood and parental leave among colleagues and managers were more likely to experience high occupational balance than parents who experienced negative or neutral attitudes. Having a clear structure for handover when absent from work was also strongly associated with high occupational balance.

    Conclusions:

    The result of the present study indicates that some organisational factors could be important for the occupational balance of parents with small children.

  • 3.
    Carlberg, Louise
    et al.
    Hälsa och Habilitering, Region Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Achievement and participation in schools for young adolescents with self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities: A cross-sectional study from the Southern part of Sweden2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Schools are expected to be an environment where children can reach their fullest potential and develop their talents, personality, as well as their mental and physical abilities. Children with disabilities often have restricted participation and lower achievement in school. The aim is to investigate if there are any differences in participation and achievement in school between adolescents, with and without self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities, and to explore the relations between achievement and participation. 

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out based on data collected from 1520 adolescents in the sixth and seventh grade, from the south of Sweden. Multiple logistic regression was conducted to explore the relationship between having a neuropsychiatric disability, with participation and achievement, and how different factors affected this relationship. 

    Results: Having a self-reported neuropsychiatric disability increases the likelihood of having restricted participation (adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 2.89; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.99–4.23) and lower achievement in school (AOR: 2.94; 95% CI: 2.06–4.24). These adolescents were also more likely to have negative relationships to their teachers, be bullied, have poorer connectedness to their parents, come from families with less money, be trying drugs and be male, in comparison to the adolescents without a neuropsychiatric disability. The odds of having lower achievement increased with lower engagement and absenteeism from class. 

    Conclusions: Adolescents with self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities have a disadvantaged situation in school, and are exposed to factors that could have long-term negative effects. More longitudinal research is required to conclude what factors are causing restricted participation and low achievement.

  • 4.
    Fransson, Eleonor
    et al.
    Institutet för Miljömedicin, Karolinska Institutet.
    Alfredsson, Lars S
    de Faire, Ulf H
    Knutsson, Anders
    Westerholm, Peter J M
    Leisure time, occupational and household physical activity, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in working men and women: the WOLF study2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 31, no 5, p. 324-33Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Carlson, Per
    Mid Sweden University.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Jönköping University.
    Health and living conditions of Samis compared to other citizens based on representative surveys in three Swedish regions2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, ISSN ISSN 1403-4948Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Hammarström, Sofia
    et al.
    Närhälsan Knowledge Centre for Sexual Health, Region Västra Götaland, Sweden.
    Stenqvist, Karin
    Närhälsan Knowledge Centre for Sexual Health, Region Västra Götaland, Sweden.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Sexual health interventions for young people in state care: a systematic review2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To describe evaluated sexual health interventions for young people in state care and provide an assessment of the quality of and evidence for these interventions.

    Methods: A systematic review of sexual health interventions for young people in state care was conducted. Randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental designs were eligible, 2051 records were screened, 412 full-text studies retrieved, and 12 publications with low-to-moderate risk of bias included.

    Results: Due to substantial heterogeneity in study populations, settings, intervention approaches, outcomes and measures, standard summary measures for intervention outcomes was not used. Instead, data were synthesised across studies and presented narratively.

    Conclusion: Without making recommendations, the result suggests that group-based educational interventions in general increase knowledge, attitudes and behaviour compared with standard care. However, these findings need to be further investigated, with a special emphasis on cultural context and the involvement of young people.

  • 7.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Stenström, Ulf
    Växjö Universitet.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabet
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    The distribution of 'sense of coherence' among Swedish adults: A quantitative cross-sectional population study2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Antonovsky’s concept of ‘‘sense of coherence’’ (SOC) has been shown to be related to health. The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of SOC scores and their components in an adult Swedish population aged 20–80 years.

    Methods:

    A random sample of 910 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden, aged 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 years, of which589 agreed to participate in an oral health examination. The participants answered Antonovsky’s 13-item version of ‘‘the lifeorientation questionnaire scale’’. The response to the items and the distribution of the three components ofcomprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness were analyzed for different age groups and genders using meanvalues and standard deviations, Student’s t-test and ANOVA.

    Results:

    A total of 526 individuals, 263 men and 263 women,answered all 13 questions and constituted the final material for the study (response rate 89%). The individual SOC scoreincreased with age. The 20 year olds had a statistically significantly lower SOC score compared with the other age groups and55% of them had a low SOC (≤66 points) compared with 17% of the 80 year olds. Men in the 60 and 70 year age groups hada statistically significantly higher SOC score compared with women of the same age.

    Conclusions:

    The individualdistribution of SOC varied with age and gender. Twenty year olds had a significantly lower SOC score comparedwith elderly age groups. Elderly men had a statistically significantly higher SOC score compared with women ofthe same age.

  • 8.
    Lindroth, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Tikkanen, Ronny
    University of Gothenburg.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Charlotta
    Malmö University.
    Unequal sexual health: Differences between detained youth and their same-aged peers2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 41, no 7, p. 720-726Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe sexual health risks in an understudied group, youth in detention, and compare these to sexual health risks among non-detained youth. In addition, variables predicting adverse sexual health outcomes are sought and compared.

    Methods: In 2009, a self-administered questionnaire on sexuality was conducted amongst youth in Sweden. In 2010, the same Internet-based questionnaire was applied in a study at Swedish detention centres. In this article, sexually active youth aged 15–20 years in the two groups are compared and bivariate logistic regression analyses are conducted in order to find predictors of adverse sexual health outcomes, among detainees and non-detainees respectively.

    Results: Major differences between the detained and the non-detained concerning a majority of risk-taking variables exist.

    Conclusions: Although detained youth display several risky sexual behaviors, no specific risk factors are found in a logistic regression analysis. However, this is a vulnerable group. The mere fact that an adolescent is placed at a detention centre should be an imperative for professionals to address the subject of sexual health and safer sex. Furthermore, the results will be used in a forthcoming sex education curriculum tailored especially at detained youth. This is one, but by far not the only way to minimize the health inequalities that are presented in this study.

  • 9.
    Sigurdardottir, Sigurveig H.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Ernsth Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Needs and care of older people living at home in Iceland2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:The Icelandic old-age care system is universal and the official goal is to support older people live independently for as long as possible. The aim of this study is to analyse living conditions and use of formal and informal care of older people in Iceland.

    Methods:The results are based on the new study ICEOLD, a telephone survey which included questions on social network, health, activities of daily living, and received support from the community and/or from relatives, neighbours, and friends.

    Results: Almost half of the sample (47%) receives some kind of care, with 27% of them receiving only informal care, which is understood to mean that informal care is of great importance and families are the main providers of help. For hypothetical future long-term care, older people wish to be cared for in their homes, but those already in need of assistance prefer to be cared for in institutions.

    Discussion:Caring relatives are the main providers of support to older people in their homes and it is important to provide them with suitable formal support when the care responsibility increases.

    Conclusions:As the care system in Iceland is now under reconstruction, the important contribution of informal carers must be recognised and taken into account when planning the care of older people.

  • 10.
    Ståhl, Ylva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Mapping of children's health and development data on population level using the classification system ICF-CY2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 39, p. 51-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate if essential health and development data of all children in Sweden in the Child Health Service (CHS) and School Health Service (SHS) can be linked to the classification system International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Children and Youth (ICF-CY). Method: Lists of essential health terms, compiled by professionals from CHS and SHS, expected to be used in the national standardised records form the basis for the analysis in this study. The essential health terms have been linked to the codes of ICF-CY by using linking rules and a verification procedure. RESULTS: After exclusion of terms not directly describing children's health, a majority of the health terms could be linked into the ICF-CY with a high proportion of terms in body functions and a lower proportion in activity/participation and environment respectively. Some health terms had broad description and were linked to several ICF-CY codes. The precision of the health terms was at a medium level of detail. CONCLUSION: ICF-CY can be useful as a tool for documenting child health. It provides not only a code useful for statistical purposes but also a language useful for the CHS and SHS in their work on individual as well as population levels. It was noted that the health terms used by services mainly focused on health related to body function. This indicates that more focus is needed on health data related to child's functioning in everyday life situations.

  • 11.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ljungqvist, Birgit
    Health and social networks as predictors of survival in old age1996In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 90-101Article in journal (Refereed)
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