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  • 1.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science. Calluna AB, Nacka, Sweden.
    Brutemark, A.
    Calluna AB, Nacka, Sweden.
    Barthel Svedén, J.
    Calluna AB, Nacka, Sweden.
    Gren, I. -M
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    A review on the environmental impacts of shipping on aquatic and nearshore ecosystems2019In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 695, article id 133637Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several environmental and ecological effects of shipping. However, these are rarely assessed in total in the scientific literature. Thus, the aim of this study was to summarize the different impacts of water-based transport on aquatic and nearshore ecosystems and to identify knowledge gaps and areas for future research. The review identified several environmental and ecological consequences within the main impact categories of water discharges, physical impacts, and air emissions. However, although quantitative data on these consequences are generally scarce the shipping contribution to acidification by SOx- and NOx-emissions has been quantified to some extent. There are several knowledge gaps regarding the ecological consequences of, for example, the increasing amount of chemicals transported on water, the spread of non-indigenous species coupled with climate change, and physical impacts such as shipping noise and artificial light. The whole plethora of environmental consequences, as well as potential synergistic effects, should be seriously considered in transport planning.

  • 2.
    Leal Filho, Walter
    et al.
    European School of Sustainability Science and Research, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany.
    Salvia, Amanda Lange
    Graduate Program in Civil and Environment Engineering, University of Passo Fundo, São José, Brazil.
    Bonoli, Alessandra
    Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Voronova, Viktoria
    Civil Engineering and Architecture, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Klõga, Marija
    Civil Engineering and Architecture, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Kumbhar, Sonali Suraj
    Faculty of Life Sciences, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany.
    Olszewski, Katharina
    Faculty of Life Sciences, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany.
    De Quevedo, Daniela Müller
    Graduate Program in Environmental Quality, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, Brazil.
    Barbir, Jelena
    Faculty of Life Sciences, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany.
    An assessment of attitudes towards plastics and bioplastics in Europe2021In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 755, no 1, article id 142732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last 50 years, conventional fossil-based plastics have become an integral part of our everyday lives. Apart from their low production costs, this is due to a number of their unique properties, including durability, strength, lightness, electrical and thermal insulation, resistance to chemicals and corrosion. The production of plastics has increased from 1.5 million metric tons in 1950 to 359 million metric tons in 2018. Of this total, 61.8 million metric tons were produced in Europe. There are various problems associated with plastic use and disposal that pose a serious threat to both the physical environment and human health. Since public behaviour plays a key role when it comes to the use of plastic, this paper reports on a study that focused on an assessment of attitudes towards plastics and bioplastics in Europe. The results showed that packaging is the most frequent modality of plastic used among participants. In addition, majority of participants are aware that plastic waste can affect environment and human health and therefore segregate and properly dispose plastics. Also, even though most respondents were aware of the environmental problems related to plastic use and showed a positive inclination towards using bioplastic materials, their limited availability and lack of relevant information about bioplastics pose a problem for wider use. Departing from the assumption that the public attitude is a determining factor in the consumption of plastics as a whole and bioplastics in particular, this paper also sheds some light on the current situation, identifying some trends and information gaps which should be addressed in order to encourage a more rational use of plastics in Europe.

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