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  • 1.
    Akıner, İ.
    et al.
    Akdeniz Univ, Fac Architecture, Dept Architecture, TR-07058 Antalya, Turkey.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Akıner, M. E.
    Akdeniz Univ, Vocat Sch Tech Sci, TR-07058 Antalya, Turkey.
    Akıner, N.
    Akdeniz Univ, Fac Commun, Dept Radio TV & Film, TR-07058 Antalya, Turkey.
    The memetic evolution of latin american architectural design culture2021In: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 11, no 7, article id 288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Architecture is an evolutionary field. Through time, it changes and adapts itself according to two things: the environment and the user, which are the touchstones of the concept of culture. Culture changes in long time intervals because of its cumulative structure, so its effects can be observed on a large scale. A nation displays itself with its culture and uses architecture as a tool to convey its cultural identity. This dual relationship between architecture and culture can be observed at various times and in various lands, most notably in Latin American designers. The geographical positions of Latin American nations and their political situations in the twentieth century leads to the occurrence of a recognizable cultural identity, and it influenced the architectural design language of that region. The nonlinear forms in architecture were once experienced commonly around Latin America, and this design expression shows itself in the designers’ other works through time and around the world. The cultural background of Latin American architecture investigated within this study, in terms of their design approach based upon the form and effect of Latin American culture on this architectural design language, is examined with the explanation of the concept of culture by two leading scholars: Geert Hofstede and Richard Dawkins. This paper nevertheless puts together architecture and semiology by considering key twentieth century philosophers and cultural theorist methodologies. Cultural theorist and analyst Roland Barthes was the first person to ask architects to examine the possibility of bringing semiology and architectural theory together. Following an overview of existing semiological conditions, this paper analyzed Roland Barthes and Umberto Eco’s hypothesis of the semiological language of architectural designs of Latin American designers by examining their cultural origin. The work’s findings express the historical conditions that enabled the contemporary architecture and culture study of Latin America between 1945 and 1975 to address the “Latin American model” of architectural modernism.

  • 2.
    Davoodi, Anahita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Henricson, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    A Conceptual Framework for Integration of Evidence-Based Design with Lighting Simulation Tools2017In: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 7, no 4, article id 82Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of lighting simulation tools has been growing over the past years which has improved lighting analysis. While computer simulations have proven to be a viable tool for analyzing lighting in physical environments, they have difficulty in assessing the effects of light on occupant’s perception. Evidence-based design (EBD) is a design method that is gaining traction in building design due to its strength in providing means to assess the effects of built environments on humans. The aim of this study was to develop a conceptual framework for integrating EBD with lighting simulation tools. Based on a literature review, it was investigated how EBD and lighting simulation can be combined to provide a holistic lighting performance evaluation method. The results show that they can mutually benefit from each other. EBD makes it possible to evaluate and/or improve performance metrics by utilizing user feedback. On the other hand, performance metrics can be used for a better description of evidence, and to analyze the effects of lighting with more details. The results also show that EBD can be used to evaluate light simulations to better understand when and how they should be performed. A framework is presented for integration of lighting simulation and EBD

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  • 3.
    Jalilzadehazhari, Elaheh
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Vadiee, Amir
    Mälardalens högskola, Vasteras, Sweden.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Achieving a trade-off construction solution using BIM, an optimization algorithm, and a multi-criteria decision-making method2019In: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 1-14, article id 81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Energy Performance of Building Directive obligated all European countries to reduce the energy requirements of buildings while simultaneously improving indoor environment quality. Any such improvements not only enhance the health of the occupants and their productivity, but also provide further economic benefits at the national level. Accomplishing this task requires a method that allows building professionals to resolve conflicts between visual and thermal comfort, energy demands, and life-cycle costs. To overcome these conflicts, this study exploits the incorporation of building information modelling (BIM), the design of experiments as an optimization algorithm, and the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) into a multi-criteria decision-making method. Any such incorporation can (i) create constructive communication between building professionals, such as architects, engineers, and energy experts; (ii) allow the analysis of the performance of multiple construction solutions with respect to visual and thermal comfort, energy demand, and life-cycle costs; and (iii) help to select a trade-off solution, thereby making a suitable decision. Three types of energy-efficient windows, and five types of ground floors, roofs, and external wall constructions were considered as optimization variables. The incorporation of several methods allowed the analysis of the performance of 375 construction solutions based on a combination of optimization variables, and helped to select a trade-off solution. The results showed the strength of incorporation for analyzing big-data through the intelligent use of BIM and a simulation in the field of the built environment, energy, and costs. However, when applying AHP, the results are strongly contingent on pairwise comparisons. 

  • 4.
    Jaryani, S.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Sadri, Habib
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Alizadehsalehi, S.
    Project Management Program, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, 60208-3109, IL, United States.
    Exploring the Fusion of Knowledge Graphs into Cognitive Modular Production2023In: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 13, no 9, article id 2306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modular production has been recognized as a pivotal approach for enhancing productivity and cost reduction within the industrialized building industry. In the pursuit of further optimization of production processes, the concept of cognitive modular production (CMP) has been proposed, aiming to integrate digital twins (DTs), artificial intelligence (AI), and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies into modular production systems. This fusion would imbue these systems with perception and decision-making capabilities, enabling autonomous operations. However, the efficacy of this approach critically hinges upon the ability to comprehend the production process and its variations, as well as the utilization of IoT and cognitive functionalities. Knowledge graphs (KGs) represent a type of graph database that organizes data into interconnected nodes (entities) and edges (relationships), thereby providing a visual and intuitive representation of intricate systems. This study seeks to investigate the potential fusion of KGs into CMP to bolster decision-making processes on the production line. Empirical data were collected through a computerized self-administered questionnaire (CSAQ) survey, with a specific emphasis on exploring the potential benefits of incorporating KGs into CMP. The quantitative analysis findings underscore the effectiveness of integrating KGs into CMP, particularly through the utilization of visual representations that depict the relationships between diverse components and subprocesses within a virtual environment. This fusion facilitates the real-time monitoring and control of the physical production process. By harnessing the power of KGs, CMP can attain a comprehensive understanding of the manufacturing process, thereby supporting interoperability and decision-making capabilities within modular production systems in the industrialized building industry.

  • 5.
    Moscati, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Kebede, Rahel Zeleke
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Pula, Amy
    Tyréns, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Törngren, Annie
    AEC, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Information Exchange between Construction and Manufacturing Industries to Achieve Circular Economy: A Literature Review and Interviews with Swedish Experts2023In: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 13, no 3, article id 633Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction industry is responsible for 32% of the world’s consumption of natural resources, causing 850 million tons of construction waste in the European Union alone. The construction and manufacturing industries mostly apply a linear economy model, where resources are used once and then disposed of. As a response, the concept of a circular economy (CE) was introduced with the aim of keeping materials within a closed loop and regaining their value in the end-of-life phase. This paper aims to investigate the different CE strategies in the construction industry and the related manufacturing industry and how these strategies can be supported by digital technology. The 11Rs framework has been used as a reference within the concept of CE through a scoping literature review, in which 117 articles were reviewed. The analysis focused on the frequency of the various Rs in papers, as well as their applications and possible implementation. Seven interviews were conducted with Swedish experts to obtain industry perspectives and thereby specify a potential research gap related to CE. According to the study, existing research for the application of CE by construction companies has not been fully explored. There is also a lack of knowledge about CE and its benefits, as well as poor collaboration between different stakeholders, both in information sharing and processes. Findings suggest that all stakeholders in the industries need to make efforts to change their strategies if the transition to CE is to occur.

  • 6.
    Thajudeen, Shamnath
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Product design and development (PDD).
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Product design and development (PDD).
    Lennartsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Product design and development (PDD).
    Supporting the Reuse of Design Assets in ETO-Based Components: A Case Study from an Industrialised Post and Beam Building System2022In: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to offer customisation has been considered as a competitive advantage for industrialised house building (IHB) companies. Product platform approaches have been acknowledged as one of the prominent ways to improve both internal and external efficiency. However, the use of traditional platform-based strategies does not suffice for the design of engineer-to-order (ETO)-based components in a building system. The purpose of this research is to test and evaluate how the reuse of design assets can be achieved by using a parametric modelling approach to support the design process of ETO-based components in a post and beam building system. This is an additional study using the design platform approach (DPA) that contributes to expanding the knowledge for designing ETO-based components. This research proposes a parametric design platform method developed by following an inductive approach based on the findings from a detailed study on bracket connection with a single case study in a Swedish multi-storey house building company. The proposed method offers flexibility in modelling ETO building components, facilitates design automation, and shows a 20-times improvement in the modelling process. This approach can be used in any building system with ETO-based components by identifying, formalising, and reusing connected design assets. A key finding is that the ETO components can be shifted towards configurable solutions to achieve platform-based design.

1 - 6 of 6
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